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City of Hutchins, Texas
—  City  —
Location of Hutchins in Dallas County, Texas
Coordinates: 32°38′38″N 96°42′27″W / 32.64389°N 96.7075°W / 32.64389; -96.7075
Country United States
State Texas
County Dallas
Government
 - Mayor Artis Johnson
Area
 - Total 8.6 sq mi (22.3 km2)
 - Land 8.5 sq mi (22.0 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)  1.51%
Elevation 466 ft (142 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 2,805
 - Density 326.2/sq mi (125.8/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75141
Area code(s) 972
FIPS code 48-35612[1]
GNIS feature ID 1338331[2]
Website http://www.cityofhutchins.org/

Hutchins is a city in Dallas County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,805 at the 2000 census.

Union Pacific's Dallas Intermodal Terminal is located partly in the city of Hutchins and partly in the city of Wilmer [1]. The shipping facility, was built by AUI Contractors LP, Prime Rail Interests Inc. and Halff Associates, Inc. is a 70 million U.S. dollar project.

Contents

Geography

Hutchins is located at 32°38′38″N 96°42′27″W / 32.64389°N 96.7075°W / 32.64389; -96.7075 (32.643784, -96.707538)[3], approximately nine miles south of downtown Dallas. It is bordered by Dallas on the north and northwest, Lancaster on the southwest, Wilmer to the south, and the Trinity River to the east.[4] Two Interstate Highways, 20 and 45, pass through the city.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.6 square miles (22.3 km²), of which, 8.5 square miles (22.0 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (1.51%) is water.

History

The area was first inhabited around 1860 as a trading place for immigrants who settled along the west bank of the Trinity River and new arrivals who crossed the Trinity at Dowd's Ferry from the east.[5]

The town received its name from railroad developer William J. Hutchins, who was then President and General Manager of the Houston and Texas Central Railroad (H&TC).[6] The railway was completed through Hutchins in 1872. That same year a post office opened in the community.[5] The population of Hutchins grew to approximately 250 residents in 1884 and topped 300 by 1890. That figure declined slightly to 204 in 1904, but had risen to 500 in 1926.[5]

Hutchins was officially incorporated in 1945.[4][5] In the first census conducted after incorporation in 1950, the population stood at 743. Despite the rapid growth of Dallas County and most of its suburban communities during the latter half of the 20th century, Hutchins has grown at a much slower pace and today is one of the smallest municipalities in the county. As of 2000, the city of Hutchins had 133 businesses and a population of 2,805. Many of the businesses in the city are industrial or manufacturing related. A number of its residents are employed in the city of Dallas.[5]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1950 743
1960 1,100 48.0%
1970 1,755 59.5%
1980 2,996 70.7%
1990 2,719 −9.2%
2000 2,805 3.2%
Est. 2007 3,070 9.4%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,805 people, 927 households, and 668 families residing in the city. The population density was 330.5 people per square mile (127.6/km²). There were 1,055 housing units at an average density of 124.3/sq mi (48.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 43.07% White, 37.33% African American, 0.89% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 15.44% from other races, and 3.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.99% of the population.

There were 927 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 18.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.43.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,153, and the median income for a family was $39,083. Males had a median income of $28,162 versus $24,261 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,403. About 12.7% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Hutchins Unit, a state jail for men in Hutchins.[7]

Education

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Primary and secondary schools

Most of Hutchins is served by the Dallas Independent School District. The area is within the Board of Trustees District 5;[8] as of 2008 Lew Blackburn represents the district.[9] Small portions are in the Lancaster Independent School District.

Most of Hutchins was served by the Wilmer-Hutchins Independent School District. The Dallas Independent School District took over all of WHISD for the 2005-2006 school year. WHISD closed shortly afterwards, with official termination in Spring 2006. After the closure of WHISD property values in the district increased.[10]

For the 2005-2006 school year and onwards, the W-H ISD portion of Hutchins is served by several schools located in Dallas. They include Bushman, U. Lee, Starks, Weiss, and Young Elementary Schools (in four separate attendance zones), Hulcy and Zumwalt Middle Schools (in two separate zones), and Carter High School and A. Maceo Smith High School (in two separate attendance zones). The zoning will remain the same for the subsequent school year.

The Dallas ISD considered opening a new Wilmer-Hutchins Elementary School building, restoring the Wilmer-Hutchins High School building, and demolishing the Kennedy-Curry Middle School building as part of its 2008 bond campaign.[11] The Wilmer Hutchins Elementary School will open in an area of the City of Dallas in 2011.[12]

Public libraries

The Atwell Public Library serves Hutchins.[13]

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ a b "About Hutchins, Texas". City of Hutchins. http://www.cityofhutchins.org/about.asp. Retrieved 2009-03-23.  
  5. ^ a b c d e "Hutchins, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/HH/hgh12.html. Retrieved 2009-03-23.  
  6. ^ "William J. Hutchins". The Handbook of Texas online. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/HH/fhu51.html. Retrieved 2009-03-23.  
  7. ^ "Hutchins Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on January 8, 2010.
  8. ^ "Trustee District 5 with School Locations." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on November 24, 2008.
  9. ^ "Board of Trustees." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on November 24, 2008.
  10. ^ "W-H property values increase: Schools' negative publicity had scared development, some say.." The Dallas Morning News. July 1, 2006.
  11. ^ "Summary of Recommendations for 2008 Bond Program." Dallas Independent School District.
  12. ^ "New Schools-2008 Bond Program." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on January 8, 2010.
  13. ^ "About Hutchins, Texas." City of Hutchins. Retrieved on April 27, 2009.

External links


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