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Wall spiders
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Palpimanoidea
Family: Huttoniidae
Simon, 1893
Genus: Huttonia
O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1879
Species: H. palpimanoides
Binomial name
Huttonia palpimanoides
O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1879
Diversity
1 described species

Huttonia palpimanoides is a spider in its own family, Huttonidae.

The species is endemic to New Zealand. Fossils of this class have been found from Cretaceous (Campanian) amber from Alberta and Manitoba, Canada, extending the known geological age of the Huttoniidae back about 80 million years, and supporting the theory of H. palpimanoides being an ousted relic species (Penney & Selden, 2006). They are probably closely related to the fossil spider family Spatiatoridae.

The family was divided from the Zodariidae family in 1984, by Forster & Platnick.

Although only one species is described, there are about 20 more undescribed species, all from New Zealand (Forster & Forster, 1999).

The silk of this species is ecribellate (Griswold et al. 1999).

References

  • Forster, R.R. & Platnick, N.I. (1984). A review of the archaeid spiders and their relatives, with notes on the limits of the superfamily Palpimanoidea (Arachnida, Araneae). Bull. Am. Mus. nat. Hist. 178: 1-106.
  • Forster, R.R. & Forster, L.M. (1999). Spiders of New Zealand and their Worldwide Kin. University of Otago Pross, Dunedin.
  • Griswold, C.E., Coddington, J.A., Platnick, N.I. and Forster, R.R. (1999). Towards a Phylogeny of Entelegyne Spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae, Entelegynae). Journal of Arachnology 27:53-63. PDF
  • Penney, D. & Selden, P.A. (2006). First fossil Huttoniidae (Araneae), in Late Cretaceous Canadian Cedar and Grassy Lake ambers. Cretaceous Research 27:442–446. PDF
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2009): The world spider catalog, version 10.0. American Museum of Natural History.
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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Superfamilia: Palpimanoidea
Familia: Huttoniidae
Genera: Huttonia

Name

Huttoniidae Simon, 1893

Synonyms

  • Huttoniinae Simon, 1893
    • Huttoninae [incorrect spelling]
    • Huttoniidae Simon, 1893; Forster & Platnick, 1984: 87 (NEW RANK)

References

  • Forster, R.R.; Platnick, N.I. 1984: A review of the archaeid spiders and their relatives, with notes on the limits of the superfamily Palpimanoidea (Arachnida, Araneae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 178: 1-106. Abstract & PDF
  • Penney, D.; Selden, P.A. 2006: First fossil Huttoniidae (Arthropoda: Chelicerata: Araneae) in late Cretaceous Canadian amber. Cretaceous research, 27: 442-446. PDF

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