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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Hyaenidae
Genus: Hyaena

For the Siouxsie and the Banshees album, see Hyæna.

Hyaena is a genus of two living species of hyenas: The striped hyena from western Asia and northern Africa and the brown hyena from southern Africa. It has been argued that the brown hyena should be placed in the genus Parahyeana or even Pachycrocuta, but recently it has been placed back in the genus.The brown hyena's skull is larger than the striped hyena's skull.The male brown hyena is slightly larger than the female.The sexes of the striped hyena are both the same size.The two hyena species are smaller than the spotted hyena but larger than the aardwolf.The two hyena species are both scavengers but they are not hunters.



Up to date as of January 15, 2010
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Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary





hyaenas or hyaena

hyaena (plural hyaenas or hyaena)

  1. Alternative spelling of hyena.



From Ancient Greek ὕαινα.


hyaena (genitive hyaenae); f, first declension

  1. a hyena


Number Singular Plural
nominative hyaena hyaenae
genitive hyaenae hyaenārum
dative hyaenae hyaenīs
accusative hyaenam hyaenās
ablative hyaenā hyaenīs
vocative hyaena hyaenae


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Hyaena hyaena


Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Superordo: Laurasiatheria
Ordo: Carnivora
Subordo: Feliformia
Familia: Hyaenidae
Subfamilia: Hyaeninae
Genus: Hyaena
Species: H. brunnea - H. hyaena


Hyaena Brisson, 1762

Type species: Canis hyaena Linnaeus, 1758

Vernacular names


  • Hyaena on Mammal Species of the World.
    Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors). 2005. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed).
  • Regnum Animale, ed. 2, p. 168.
  • Mammal Species of the World, A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd edition, 2005 ISBN 0801882214

Simple English

Crocuta crocuta, the Spotted Hyena
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Hyaenidae
Gray, 1821
Living Genera

Hyaenas (sometimes 'Hyena') are mammals. They are the family Hyaenidae, in the order Carnivora. They live in Africa, and in west and south Asia. In the past they had a much wider distribution. Now there are two subfamilies with four species.


Appearence and Biology

Although Hyaenas look much like canids, they are actually in the suborder Feliformia, the same as cats and mongoose. Hyaena walk much like bears because their front legs are longer than their back. The Brown and Striped Hyaena have striped fur with a mane covering their neck. The Spotted Hyaena's fur is shorter and spotted, instead of striped. The Spotted Hyaena's mane is reversed forward, instead of back, like the other species. Hyaenas are known to have one of the world's strongest bites. Its function is to crush bone.

Grouping and Society

Hyenas, particularly Spotted Hyenas are intelligent creatures. They work together very well and are very cooperative. They have very strategic hunting methods and work to steal and protect it from other predators.


  • Family Hyaenidae
    • Subfamily Hyaeninae
      • Spotted Hyaena (Crocuta crocuta)
      • Striped Hyaena (Hyaena hyaena)
      • Brown Hyaena, (Hyaena brunnea, formerly Parahyaena brunnea)
    • Subfamily Protelinae
      • Aardwolf (Proteles cristatus)


Look up Hyaenidae in Wikispecies, a directory of species
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