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Hydrangea
Hydrangea macrophylla
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Cornales
Family: Hydrangeaceae
Genus: Hydrangea
L.
Species

See text

Hydrangea (pronounced /haɪˈdreɪndʒ(i)ə/,[1] common names Hydrangea and Hortensia) is a genus of about 70–75 species of flowering plants native to southern and eastern Asia (China, Korea, Japan, the Himalayas, and Indonesia) and North and South America. By far the greatest species diversity is in eastern Asia, notably China, Korea, and Japan. Most are shrubs 1-3 m tall, but some are small trees, and others lianas reaching up to 30 m by climbing up trees. They can be either deciduous or evergreen, though the widely cultivated temperate species are all deciduous.

Having been introduced to the Azores Islands of Portugal, they are now very common there, particularly on Faial Island, which is known as the "blue island" due to the vast number of hydrangeas present on the island, and on Flores Island.

Species in the related genus Schizophragma, also in Hydrangeaceae, are also often known as hydrangeas. Schizophragma hydrangeoides and Hydrangea petiolaris are both commonly known as climbing hydrangeas.

There are two flower arrangements in hydrangeas. Mophead flowers are large round flowerheads resembling pom-poms or, as the name implies, the head of a mop. In contrast, lacecap flowers bear round, flat flowerheads with a center core of subdued, fertile flowers surrounded by outer rings of showy, sterile flowers.

Contents

Life cycle

Hydrangea flowers are produced from early spring to late autumn; they grow in flowerheads (corymbs or panicles) at the ends of the stems. In many species,the flowerheads contain two types of flowers, small fertile flowers in the middle of the flowerhead, and large, sterile bract-like flowers in a ring around the edge of each flowerhead. Other species have all the flowers fertile and of the same size.

Colors and acidity

In most species the flowers are white, but in some species (notably H. macrophylla), can be blue, red, pink, light purple, or dark purple. In these species the exact colour often mirrors the pH of the soil; acidic soils produce blue flowers, neutral soils produce very pale cream petals, and alkaline soils results in pink or purple. This is the caused by a color change of the flower pigments in the presence of aluminium ions which can be taken up into hyperaccumulating plants.[2][3]

Partial list of species

Hydrangea sp, fertile individual flower.
Hydrangea, flowers in winter.
closeup of petals

Cultivation and uses

Hydrangeas are popular ornamental plants, grown for their large flowerheads, with Hydrangea macrophylla being by far the most widely grown with over 600 named cultivars, many selected to have only large sterile flowers in the flowerheads. Some are best pruned on an annual basis when the new leaf buds begin to appear. If not pruned regularly, the bush will become very 'leggy', growing upwards until the weight of the stems is greater than their strength, at which point the stems will sag down to the ground and possibly break. Other species only flower on 'old wood'. Thus new wood resulting from pruning will not produce flowers until the following season.

Hydrangeas are moderately toxic if eaten, with all parts of the plant containing cyanogenic glycosides.[4] Hydrangea paniculata is reportedly sometimes smoked as an intoxicant, despite the danger of illness and/or death due to the cyanide.[5]

In Korean tea, Hydrangea serrata (hangul:산수국 hanja:) is used for a herbal tea called sugukcha (수국차) or ilsulcha (이슬차). In Japan, ama-cha, meaning sweet tea, is a another herbal tea made from Hydrangea serrata, whose leaves contain a substance that develops a sweet taste (phyllodulcin). For the fullest taste, fresh leaves are crumpled, steamed, and dried, yielding dark brown tea leaves. Ama-cha is mainly used for kan-butsu-e (the Buddha bathing ceremony) on April 8th every year—the day thought to be Buddha's birthday in Japan. Ama-cha is poured over a statue of Buddha in the ceremony and served to people in attendance. A legend has it that on the day Buddha was born, nine dragons poured Amrita over him; ama-cha is substituted for Amrita in Japan.

Gallery

Diseases

References

1 http://www.erowid.org/herbs/hydrangea/hydrangea.shtml

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

Hydrangea serrata

Etymology

From Greek ὕδωρ (hydor), water) and ἄγγος (aggos), jar) after the shape of its fruits. Named by botanist Carl von Linnaeus (1707-1778).[1][2]

Proper noun

Hydrangea

  1. (botany) A taxonomic genus within family Hydrangeaceae - the hydrangeas.

References

  • Notes:
  1. ^ Erhardt, Walter & Götz, Erich & Bödeker, Nils & Seybold, Siegmund, Zander. Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen. Dictionary of plant names. Dictionnaire des noms de plantes, Ulmer, 2000.
  2. ^ Hyam, Roger & Pankhurst, Richard, Plants and their Names. A Concise Dictionary, Oxford University Press, US, 1995.

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Hydrangea macrophylla

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Unassigned Asterids
Ordo: Cornales
Familia: Hydrangeaceae
Subfamilia: Hydrangeoideae
Tribus: Hydrangeeae
Genus: Hydrangea
Species: H. anomala - H. arborescens - H. aspera - H. bretschneideri - H. candida - H. caudatifolia - H. chinensis - H. chungii - H. cinerea - H. coacta - H. coenobialis - H. davidii - H. dumicola - H. gracilis - H. heteromalla - H. hirta - H. hypoglauca - H. integrifolia - H. involucrata - H. kawakamii - †H. knowltonii - H. kwangsiensis - H. kwangtungensis - H. lingii - H. linkweiensis - H. longifolia - H. longipes - H. macrocarpa - H. macrophylla - H. mangshanensis - H. paniculata - H. petiolaris - H. quercifolia - H. radiata - H. robusta - H. sargentiana - H. scandens - H. serrata - H. serratifolia - H. stenophylla - H. strigosa - H. stylosa - H. sungpanensis - H. xanthoneura - H. zhewanensis

Name

Hydrangea L.

References

  • Manchester, Steven. R. (1994); "Fruits and seeds of the Middle Eocene Nut Beds Flora, Clarno Formation, Oregon." Palaeontographica Americana 58: 1–205.

Vernacular names

Dansk: Hortensia
Deutsch: Hortensien
Ελληνικά: Ορτανσία
English: Hortensia, Hydrangea
Español: Hortensia
Esperanto: Hidrangeo
Français: Hortensia
Italiano: Ortensie
Lëtzebuergesch: Hortensen
Lietuvių: Hortenzija
Magyar: Hortenzia
Nederlands: Hortensia
Nedersaksisch: Attinsioa
日本語: アジサイ
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Hortensia
Polski: Hortensja
Português: Hortênsia
Русский: Гортензия
Suomi: Hortensiat
Svenska: Hortensiasläktet
ไทย: ไฮเดรนเยีย
Tiếng Việt: Tú cầu
中文: 繡球花
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Hydrangea on Wikimedia Commons.

Simple English

Hydrangea
File:Hydrangea macrophylla
Hydrangea macrophylla
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Cornales
Family: Hydrangeaceae
Genus: Hydrangea
L.
Species

See text

Hydrangea, common name Hortensia, is a genus of 70-80 species of flowers. The earliest kinds of hydrangea came from southern and eastern Asia.

The colour of the flowers can tell you how much acid is in the soil the plant is growing in.

For example alkaline ones produce pink colored flowers.

[[File:|thumb|left|300px|Hydrangea or Hortensia]]

Other websites

Look up Hydrangea in Wikispecies, a directory of species

Partial list, See English Wikipedia Flora of China








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