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Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca
False chanterelle,
in woodlands in Germany
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Boletales
Family: Hygrophoropsidaceae
Genus: Hygrophoropsis
Species: H. aurantiaca
Binomial name
Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca
(Wulfen) Maire
Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
cap is depressed
hymenium is decurrent
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is mycorrhizal
edibility: inedible

Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca, commonly known as the False Chanterelle, is an orange funnel-shaped mushroom which has been confused at times with the true chanterelles, however recent work shows its affinity lies with the Boletes in the order Boletales.

Contents

Description

The False chanterelle has an orange cap up to 8 cm across, initially convex but becoming funnel-shaped. The decurrent gill-like structures are orange and forked, which is a distinctive and distinguishing feature. The spore print is white. The orange stipe is up to 5 cm high and lacks a ring.

Distribution and habitat

It is widely distributed in Europe and North America, being found in conifer woods in autumn.

Edibility

It has been described as edible (though not tasty) by some experts, but other authors describe it as poisonous. This mushroom contains a lot of arabitol, which may account for the gastronomical symptoms some people experience. Recently it has been proved that this genus Hygrophoropsis is taxonomically quite near pseudo-pax, and thus recommended not to be eaten.[1]

Similar species

Underside of H. aurantiaca cap showing attachment of gills to the stem

This mushroom is commonly confused with the Chanterelle; the distinguishing factors are color (true Chanterelle is uniform egg-yellow, while the false one is more orange in hue and graded, with darker center) and attachment of gills to the stem (true Chanterelle does not have true, blade-like gills--rather, has rib-like folds running down the stem).

The poisonous Jack O'Lantern is also sometimes being confused with Chanterelle; straight, non-forked gills of this former is one of the distinguishing factors.

References

  1. ^ [Suomen kasvimuseo: Suomen sieniopas ISBN 951-0-30359-3 Finland's plant museum's new recent publication in Finnish]
  • Phillips R (1985). Mushrooms of Great Britain and Europe. Pan Books. ISBN 0-330-26441-9.  

External links

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