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Lar Gibbon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Superfamily: Hominoidea
Family: Hylobatidae
Genus: Hylobates
Illiger, 1811
Distribution of Hylobates and its species

The genus Hylobates (pronounced /ˌhaɪlɵˈbeɪtiːz/) is one of the four genera of gibbons. It was once considered the only genus, but recently its subgenera (Hoolock [formerly Bunopithecus], Nomascus, and Symphalangus) have been elevated to the genus level.[1][3] Hylobates remains the most speciose and widespread of gibbon genera, ranging from southern China (Yunnan) to western and central Java. Individuals within this genus are characterized by 44 chromosomes and often have a ring of white fur around their faces.[2]



  • Family Hylobatidae: gibbons[1][2]
    • Genus Hylobates
      • Lar Gibbon or White-handed Gibbon, Hylobates lar
        • Malaysian Lar Gibbon, Hylobates lar lar
        • Carpenter's Lar Gibbon, Hylobates lar carpenteri
        • Central Lar Gibbon, Hylobates lar entelloides
        • Sumatran Lar Gibbon, Hylobates lar vestitus
        • Yunnan Lar Gibbon, Hylobates lar yunnanensis
      • Agile Gibbon or Black-handed Gibbon, Hylobates agilis
        • Mountain Agile Gibbon, Hylobates agilis agilis
        • Bornean White-bearded Gibbon, Hylobates agilis albibarbis
        • Lowland Agile Gibbon, Hylobates agilis unko
      • Müller's Bornean Gibbon, Hylobates muelleri
        • Müller's Gray Gibbon, Hylobates muelleri muelleri
        • Abbott's Gray Gibbon, Hylobates muelleri abbotti
        • Northern Gray Gibbon, Hylobates muelleri funereus
      • Silvery Gibbon, Hylobates moloch
        • Western Silvery Gibbon or Western Javan Gibbon, Hylobates moloch moloch
        • Eastern Silvery Gibbon or Central Javan Gibbon, Hylobates moloch pongoalsoni
      • Pileated Gibbon or Capped Gibbon, Hylobates pileatus
      • Kloss's Gibbon or Mentawai Gibbon or Bilou, Hylobates klossii
    • Genus Hoolock
    • Genus Symphalangus
    • Genus Nomascus


Hybrids between Müller's Bornean Gibbon (Hylobates muelleri) and the Agile Gibbons (Hylobates agilis) have been reported in areas of Borneo.[4]


  1. ^ a b c Groves, C. (2005). Wilson, D. E., & Reeder, D. M.. ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 178-181. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.  
  2. ^ a b c Geissmann, Thomas. "Gibbon Systematics and Species Identification". Retrieved 2006-04-13.  
  3. ^ Mootnick, A.; Groves, C. P. (2005). "A new generic name for the hoolock gibbon (Hylobatidae)". International Journal of Primatology 26 (26): 971–976. doi:10.1007/s10764-005-5332-4.  
  4. ^ Payne, J. and Francis, C. (2005). A Field Guide to the Mammals of Borneo. Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia: Sabah Society. p. 230. ISBN 967-99947-1-6.  

External links


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Hylobates lar (lar gibbon)


Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Primates
Subordo: Haplorrhini
Infraordo: Simiiformes
Parvordo: Catarrhini
Superfamilia: Hominoidea
Familia: Hylobatidae
Genus: Hylobates
Species: H. agilis - H. klossii - H. lar - H. moloch - H. muelleri - H. pileatus


Hylobates, Illiger, 1811

Type species: Homo lar Linnaeus, 1771


  • Brachiopithecus Sénéchal, 1839 [in part]
  • Brachitanytes Schultz, 1932
  • Cheiron Burnett, 1829
  • Gibbon Zimmermann, 1777 [Rejected by Int. Comm. Zool. Nomencl. (1954), Opinion 257]
  • Laratus Gray, 1821
  • Methylobates Ameghino, 1882 [in part]

Vernacular names

Galego: Xibón
한국어: 긴팔원숭이속


  • Hylobates on Mammal Species of the World.
    Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors). 2005. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed).


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