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Lampshade spiders
Hypochilus pococki in web
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Hypochiloidea
Family: Hypochilidae
Marx, 1888
Genera

Ectatosticta
Hypochilus

Diversity
2 genera, 12 species
Hypochilus web

The Lampshade spiders of the family Hypochilidae are among the most primitive of araneomorph spiders. There are two genera and twelve species currently recognized. Like mygalomorphs, hypochilids have two pairs of book lungs, but like araneomorphs they have intersecting fangs. These long-legged spiders build typical "lampshade" style webs under overhangs and in caves. In the United States the fauna is primarily associated with the Appalachian, Rocky and California Mountains. Ten of the known species are found in these ranges, all in the genus Hypochilus. The genus Ectatosticta is found in China.

The Hypochilidae are a sister clade to the Neocribellatae, which contain all other spider species in the Araneomorphae (Coddington & Levi, 1991, p576).


Contents

Species

Ectatosticta Simon, 1892 — China

  • Ectatosticta davidi (Simon, 1889)
  • Ectatosticta deltshevi Platnick & Jäger, 2009

Hypochilus Marx, 1888 — USA

  • Hypochilus bernardino Catley, 1994
  • Hypochilus bonneti Gertsch, 1964
  • Hypochilus coylei Platnick, 1987
  • Hypochilus gertschi Hoffman, 1963
  • Hypochilus jemez Catley, 1994
  • Hypochilus kastoni Platnick, 1987
  • Hypochilus petrunkevitchi Gertsch, 1958
  • Hypochilus pococki Platnick, 1987
  • Hypochilus sheari Platnick, 1987
  • Hypochilus thorelli Marx, 1888

See also

References

  • Coddington, J.A. & Levi, H.W. (1991). Systematics and Evolution of Spiders (Araneae). Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 22:565-592.
  • How to Know the Spiders by B. J. Kaston. Dubuque, 1953.

Further reading

  • Forster, R.R., Platnick, N.I. and Gray, M.R. (1987). A review of the spider superfamilies Hypochiloidea and Austrochiloidea (Araneae, Araneomorphae). Bulletin of the AMNH 185(1):1-116 Abstract - PDF (50Mb)
  • Shear, W.A. (1969). Observations on the predatory behavior of the spider Hypochilus gertschi Hoffman (Hypochilidae). Psyche 76:407-417 PDF

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Superfamilia: Hypochiloidea
Familia: Hypochilidae
Genera: Ectatosticta - Hypochilus

Name

Hypochilidae Marx, 1888

Vernacular names


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