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For others named Hyrum Smith, see Hyrum Smith (disambiguation)
Hyrum Smith ca 1880-1920.png
Hyrum Smith
Born February 9, 1800(1800-02-09)
Place of birth Tunbridge, Vermont
Died June 27, 1844 (aged 44)
Place of death Carthage, Illinois
LDS Church Apostle
Called by Joseph Smith, Jr.
Ordained January 24, 1841 (aged 40)
Ordination reason Excommunication of Oliver Cowdery[1]
End of term June 27, 1844 (aged 44)
End reason Death
Reorganization at end of term No apostles ordained
LDS Church General Authority
Assistant Counselor in the First Presidency
Called by Joseph Smith, Jr.
Start of term September 3, 1837 (aged 37)
End of term November 7, 1837 (aged 37)
End reason Called as Second Counselor in the First Presidency
Second Counselor in the First Presidency
Called by Joseph Smith, Jr.
Start of term November 7, 1837 (aged 37)
End of term January 24, 1841 (aged 40)
End reason Called as Assistant President of the Church
Presiding Patriarch
Called by Joseph Smith, Jr.
Start of term September 14, 1840 (aged 40)
End of term June 27, 1844 (aged 44)
End reason Death
Assistant President of the Church
Called by Joseph Smith, Jr.
Start of term January 24, 1841 (aged 40)
End of term June 27, 1844 (aged 44)
End reason Death

Hyrum Smith (February 9, 1800 – June 27, 1844) was the older brother of Joseph Smith, Jr. and a leader in the early Latter Day Saint movement. Hyrum was born in Tunbridge, Vermont, the second son of Joseph Smith, Sr. and Lucy Mack Smith. Hyrum received a limited education, and established himself as a farmer. He married Jerusha Barden (1805–1837), on November 2, 1826, and had four daughters and two sons. After Jerusha's death, he married Mary Fielding in 1837, with whom he had a son, Joseph Fielding, and a daughter Martha. In August 1843 he married his second wife's sister Mercy Fielding Thompson, widow of Times and Seasons editor Robert B. Thompson, and Catherine Phillips, as plural wives.[2]

Service in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

During the translation of the Book of Mormon and the establishment of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Hyrum was Joseph Smith, Jr.'s close advisor and confidant. In June, 1829, Hyrum was baptized in Seneca Lake, New York. He was one of the Eight Witnesses examining and testifying of the reality of the Golden Plates, the original source of the Book of Mormon. When the Church of Christ was organized on April 6, 1830, six men signed their names as charter members; at the age of thirty, Hyrum was the oldest of the six. Hyrum served as presiding officer of a church branch in Colesville, New York and was one of the first Latter Day Saint preachers in the surrounding area.

As the church headquarters and membership moved west, Hyrum and his family relocated. In 1831, he established a home in Kirtland, Ohio. During his residence there, he served as foreman of the quarry providing stone for the Kirtland Temple. Between 1831 and 1833, he served proselyting missions to Missouri and Ohio. In 1834, under the direction of Joseph Smith, he recruited members for a militia, Zion's Camp, and traveled with the group to the aid of the Latter Day Saints in Missouri. He was appointed Second Counselor in the church's First Presidency in November 1837. In 1838 and 1839, Hyrum, Joseph and three other church leaders shared a jail cell in Liberty, Missouri while awaiting trial.

After relocating to Nauvoo, Illinois, Hyrum was ordained as Presiding Patriarch of the Church, a position formerly held by his deceased father, Joseph Smith, Sr. He also was ordained by Joseph to the priesthood office of Apostle and replaced Oliver Cowdery as Assistant President of the Church; in this capacity, Hyrum acted as President of the Church in Joseph's absence and was designated to be Joseph's successor if he were killed or incapacitated.

When warned of possible danger, Joseph urged Hyrum and his family to flee to Cincinnati, Ohio. Hyrum refused and, in 1844, traveled with Joseph to Carthage, Illinois where both were charged with riot and treason. Joseph, Hyrum, John Taylor and Willard Richards were held awaiting trial in a jail in Carthage. On June 27, 1844, the building was attacked by a mob of between sixty to two hundred men. While attempting to barricade the door to prevent the mob from entering, Hyrum was shot in the face and killed instantly. Taylor was struck by several bullets but survived with the help of Richards. Joseph was killed by at least two shots, and fell through a second story window to the ground where he was shot again.

Because of his position as Assistant President of the Church, it is likely that Hyrum would have succeeded Joseph and become the next president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints had he outlived his brother.

"Hyrum is credited in Church history with being an astute organizer who gave ecclesiastical leadership to the emerging Church. As a person, he was considered a man without guile." (Ludlow, Editor, p. 493).
Grave of Joseph, Emma, and Hyrum Smith

Descendants

Monument to Hyrum Smith erected by his descendants in 1918, Salt Lake Cemetery, Salt Lake City, Utah.See other views of monument: HyrumSmithMonument1.jpg, HyrumSmithMonument2.jpg, HyrumSmithMonument3.jpg

Hyrum's descendants have played significant roles in the history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Joseph F. Smith, his son by Mary Fielding Smith, served as president of the LDS Church between 1901 and 1918. His grandson, Joseph Fielding Smith also served as president of the church between 1970 and 1972. His eldest son, John Smith, served as Presiding Patriarch of the church between 1855 and 1911, and John Smith's descendants held this post from 1912 to 1932 and from 1942 to 1979, when the office was effectively discontinued. M. Russell Ballard, a current member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of the LDS Church, is a direct descendant of Hyrum Smith.

Notes

  1. ^ Cowdery was excommunicated on 1838-04-12. Smith was ordained an apostle and replaced Cowdery as Assistant President of the Church almost three years later.
  2. ^ Newell, Linda King; Valeen Tippetts Avery. Mormon Enigma: Emma Hale Smith (2nd ed.). Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press. p. 142. ISBN 0-252-06291-4.  

References

External links

Religious titles
Preceded by
Joseph Smith, Sr.
Presiding Patriarch of the
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

14 September 1840 - 27 June 1844
Succeeded by
William Smith
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