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Hyspaosines (209-124 BCE), founder and king of Characene.

Hyspaosines or Aspasine (born c. 209 BC, died 124 BC) was a satrap installed by Antiochus IV Epiphanes and later the first king (before 127 - 124 BC) of Characene or Mesene (Meshun) mainly known from coins, but also appears in texts of cuneiform script (in the 'astronomical diaries'). Pliny the Elder mentions that he was the son of a certain "Sagdodonacos the king of Arabs".

Hyspaosines, is of Arab ancestry[1][2] however his name was of Iranian origin, he might have been Iranian effecte[3][4] he have founded Characene and later acknowledged the Seleucid rule, but declared independence shortly after his region was conquered or attacked by the Parthian Empire. Hyspaosines conquered parts of south Mesopotamia and of Persia. On the 24th June 127 BC he is for the first time called 'king'. An inscription found in Bahrain indicates that he also ruled this island, which was then known as Tylos. The inscription also mentions his wife, queen Thalassia. She is also appears in the 'astronomical diaries'. After the death of her husband she tried to install her son as king of Characene. In 124 BC, Hyspaosines became ill and died shortly after. Coins with his name were struck until 121 BC. Coinage from his time were discovered in Kuwait, UAE and Qatif in Saudi Arabia[5].


  • Potts, D.T. The Archaeology of Elam. Cambridge 1999, pp. 390-391.
  1. ^ General war among great powers in world history, Matthew Melko, p.72. 2001
  2. ^ Greek offerings, John Boardman, Olga Palagia‏ p.204
  3. ^ Encycopedia Iranica "Hyspaosines"
  4. ^ Carsten Colpe, "Iranier - Aramäer - Hebräer - Hellenen: iranische Religionen und ihre Westbeziehungen..", Mohr Siebeck, 2003, ISBN 3161478002. page. 554.
  5. ^ Araby the blest, Daniel T. Potts, Carsten Niebuhr Institute p.141-43

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