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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

I
Basic Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd    
Ee Ff Gg Hh
Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn
Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt
Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz

I› is the ninth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet, a vowel. Its English name (pronounced /ˈaɪ/) is spelled ‹i›, or rarely ‹ie›; the plural form of I, ies, is rare.[1]

Contents

History

Egyptian hieroglyph ˁ Proto-Semitic Y Phoenician
yodh
Etruscan I Ii Greek
Iota
D36
Proto-semiticI-02.png PhoenicianI-01.png EtruscanI-01.png Iota uc lc.svg

In Semitic, the letter was probably originally a pictogram for an arm with hand, derived from a similar hieroglyph that represented a voiced pharyngeal fricative (/ʕ/) in Egyptian, but was reassigned to /j/ (as in English "yes") by Semites, because their word for "arm" began with that sound. This letter could also be used to represent /i/, the close front unrounded vowel, mainly in foreign words.

The Greeks adopted a form of this Phoenician yodh as their letter iota (‹Ι, ι›) to represent /i/, the same as in the Old Italic alphabet. In Latin (as in Modern Greek), it was also used to represent /j/. The modern letter ‹j› was firstly a variation of ‹i›, and both were used interchangeably for both the vowel and the consonant, coming to be differentiated only in the 16th century. The dot over the lowercase 'i' is sometimes called a tittle. In the Turkish alphabet, dotted and dotless I are considered separate letters, representing a front and back vowel, respectively, and both have upper-case (‹I›, ‹İ›) and lowercase (‹ı›, ‹i›) forms.

In modern English, ‹i› represents different sounds, either a "long" diphthong /aɪ/, which developed from Middle English /iː/ after the Great Vowel Shift of the 15th century, or the "short", /ɪ/ as in bill.

Codes for computing

Alternative representations of I
NATO phonetic Morse code
India ··
ICS India.svg Semaphore India.svg ⠊
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

In Unicode, the capital ‹I› is codepoint U+0049 and the lower case ‹i› is U+0069.

The ASCII code for capital ‹I› is 73 and for lowercase ‹i› is 105; or in binary 01001001 and 01101001, respectively.

The EBCDIC code for capital ‹I› is 201 and for lowercase ‹i› is 137.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "I" and "i" for upper and lower case, respectively.

See also

References

  1. ^ Brown & Kiddle (1870) The institutes of English grammar, p 19.
    Ies is the plural of the name of the letter; the plural of the letter itself is I's, Is, i's, or is.
The basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter I with diacritics

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

The Universal Character Set
LetterI.svg
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I
Basic Latin U+0049

Contents

Translingual

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Alternative forms

Letter

I upper case (lower case i)

  1. The ninth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

I upper case (lower case ı)

  1. The letter i without a dot above, in both the upper case and the lower case versions.

See also

Symbol

I

  1. (chemistry) Symbol for iodine.
  2. (physics) Isotopic spin.
  3. (license plate codes) Italy
  4. (physics, electronics) Electrical current.
  5. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for isoleucine

Cardinal number

I (upper case Roman numeral, lower case i)

  1. cardinal number one.

Usage notes

In titles, this is read as "the first", so George I is read George the first.

See also

See also

Other representations of I:

References

  • I” in The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000.
  • I” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.

English

Most common English words: and « to  « in  « #6: I » that » was » he

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Abbreviation.

Abbreviation

I

  1. (US, roadway) interstate

Etymology 2

Noun

Singular
I

Plural
Is

I (plural Is)

  1. The capitalised ninth letter of the English alphabet, preceded by H and followed by J.

Etymology 3

Middle English I from Old English ih from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂om. Akin to M.E. ik (N. dial.) and ich (S. dial.) from O.E. "I", Early Mod. Eng. dialectal ik "I"; Frisian, Dutch and Low German ik, German ich, Icel. ég, eg, Norw. & Dan. jeg, Swedish jag, Old Norse ek; Latin ego, Ancient Greek ἐγώ, Russian я.

Pronoun

I first person singular subject personal pronoun (objective me, possessive my, possessive noun mine, reflexive myself)

  1. The speaker or writer, referred to as the grammatical subject of a sentence.
Inflection
object me
reflexive myself
possessive mine or my
Translations

Noun

Singular
I

Plural
uncountable

I (uncountable)

  1. (metaphysics) The ego.
Synonyms

References

  • I” in The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000.
  • I” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.
  • "I" in WordNet 3.0, Princeton University, 2006.

American Sign Language

Letter

I (Stokoe I)

  1. The letter I

Danish

Pronoun

I

  1. (personal) you, you all

Inflection

Related terms

  • du
  • jeres

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /i/

Letter

I (capital, lowercase i)

  1. The ninth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: H
  • Next letter: J

Finnish

Noun

I

  1. improbatur

German

Noun

I n.

  1. i (name of the letter I, i)

This German entry was created from the translations listed at i. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see I in the German Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) September 2009


Italian

Pronunciation

Noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
I

Wikipedia it

I m. and f. inv.

  1. The ninth letter of the Italian, and of the Latin alphabets

Romanian

Pronunciation

Letter

I (capital, lowercase i)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Romanian alphabet generally representing the phoneme /i/. Preceded by H and followed by Î.

Usage notes

  • Before and after vowels, this letter usually takes on the sound of /j/
    ianuarie /'ja.nu.a.ri.e/
    femei /fe'mej/
  • At the ends of words (except verb infinitives, and those ending in a consonant cluster ending in l or r), the letter palatalizes the previous syllable and is "whispered": /ʲ/
    băieţi /bə'jeʦʲ/

Slovene

Wikipedia-logo.png
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
I

Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation

Letter

I (capital, lowercase i)

  1. The 10th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by H and followed by J.

Spanish

Letter

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The tenth letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Swedish

Pronoun

I (personal pronoun)

  1. (archaic) you (second person plural)

Synonyms


Simple English

The Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww Xx Yy Zz

I is the ninth (number 9) letter in the English alphabet.

In English, I is a pronoun which means "me".

Meanings for I








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