IAAF World Championships in Athletics: Wikis

  
  
  

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IAAF World Championships in Athletics
Sport Athletics
Founded 1983
No. of teams 203 (2007)
Continent International (IAAF)
Most recent champion(s) Last winners lists
TV partner(s) Eurovision (Europe)
TBS (Japan)
NBC Universal (United States)

The World Championships in Athletics is an event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Originally, it was organised every four years, but this changed in 1991, and it has since been organised biennially.

Contents

History

The idea of having an Athletics World Championships was around well before the competitions first event in 1983. In 1913, the IAAF decided that the Olympic Games would serve as the World Championships for athletics. This was considered suitable for over 50 years until in the late 1960's the desire of many IAAF members to have their own World Championships began to grow. In 1976 at the IAAF Council Meeting in Puerto Rico an Athletics World Championships separate from the Olympic Games was approved.

Following bids from both Stuttgart, West Germany and Helsinki, Finland, the IAAF Council awarded the inaugural competition to Helsinki, to take place in 1983 and be held in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium (where the 1952 Summer Olympics were held).

Over the years the competition has grown in size. In 1983 an estimated 1,300 athletes from 154 countries participated. By the 2003 competition, in Paris, it had grown to 1,907 athletes from 203 countries with coverage being transmitted to 179 different countries.

There has also been a change in the schedule over the years, with several new events, mostly for women, being added. By 2005 the schedule for men and women was almost equal. The only differences being the men had the extra event of the 50 km Walk, while women competed in the 100 m Hurdles and Heptathlon compared to the men in the 110m Hurdles and Decathlon respectively.

The following shows when new events were added for the first time.

Championships

Edition Year City Country Date Venue No. of
Events
No. of
Athletes
1st 1983 (details) Helsinki  Finland 7 Aug – 14 Aug Olympiastadion 41 1,355
2nd 1987 (details) Rome  Italy 28 Aug – 6 Sept Stadio Olimpico 43 1,451
3rd 1991 (details) Tokyo  Japan Aug 23 – Sept 1 National Olympic Stadium 43 1,517
4th 1993 (details) Stuttgart  Germany 13 Aug – 22 Aug Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion 44 1,689
5th 1995 (details) Gothenburg  Sweden 5 Aug – 13 Aug Ullevi 44 1,804
6th 1997 (details) Athens  Greece 1 Aug – 10 Aug Olympiako Stadio 44 1,882
7th 1999 (details) Seville  Spain 20 Aug – 29 Aug Estadio Olímpico de la Cartuja 46 1,821
8th 2001 (details) Edmonton  Canada 3 Aug – 12 Aug Commonwealth Stadium 46 1,677
9th 2003 (details) Saint-Denis  France 23 Aug – 31 Aug Stade de France 46 1,679
10th 2005 (details) Helsinki  Finland 6 Aug – 14 Aug Olympiastadion 47 1,688
11th 2007 (details) Osaka  Japan 24 Aug – 2 Sept Nagai Stadium 47 1,981
12th 2009 (details) Berlin  Germany 15 Aug – 23 Aug Olympiastadion 47 2,101
13th 2011 (details) Daegu  South Korea 27 Aug – 4 Sept Daegu Stadium
14th 2013 (details) Moscow  Russia 10 Aug – 18 Aug Luzhniki Stadium

Medal totals since 1983

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States 120 66 64 250
2  Russia 37 52 43 133
3  Kenya 31 27 25 83
4  Germany 28 23 36 87
5  Soviet Union 22 25 28 75
6  Cuba 18 20 7 45
7  East Germany 18 18 15 51
8  Ethiopia 18 16 15 49
9  Great Britain and N.I. 16 25 28 69
10  Jamaica 14 36 30 80
11  Italy 11 14 12 37
12  Belarus 10 11 11 32
13  Morocco 10 11 6 27
14  Poland 10 8 13 31
15  Czech Republic 10 4 3 17
16  France 9 12 14 35
17  China 9 8 10 27
18  Australia 9 5 10 24
19  Ukraine 8 9 11 28
20  Spain 7 15 13 35
21  Finland 7 7 5 19
22  South Africa 7 4 1 12
23  Sweden 7 3 5 15
24  Norway 6 4 2 12
25  Algeria 6 0 3 9
26  Romania 5 8 9 22
27  Bahamas 5 7 5 17
28  Portugal 5 6 5 16
29  Bulgaria 5 3 7 15
30  Bahrain 5 1 1 7
31  Canada 4 8 5 17
32  Greece 4 5 10 19
33  Czechoslovakia 4 4 3 11
34  Switzerland 4 0 3 7
35  Japan 3 6 11 20
36  Mexico 3 1 7 11
37  Mozambique 3 1 1 5
38  Ecuador 3 1 0 4
39  New Zealand 3 0 1 4
39  Denmark 3 0 1 4
41  Estonia 2 3 1 6
42  Ireland 2 3 0 5
43  Lithuania 2 2 1 5
44  Dominican Republic 2 1 0 3
44  Qatar 2 1 1 4
46  Croatia 2 0 0 2
46  Tajikistan 2 0 0 2
48  Trinidad and Tobago 1 4 4 9
49  Namibia 1 4 0 5
50  Netherlands 1 3 3 7
51  Zambia 1 2 0 3
52  Slovenia 1 1 1 3
52  Uganda 1 1 1 3
54  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1 0 2 3
55  Somalia 1 0 1 2
55  Syria 1 0 1 2
55  Senegal 1 0 1 2
58  North Korea 1 0 0 1
58  Panama 1 1 0 2
60  Barbados 1 0 0 1
61  Brazil 0 5 5 10
62  Hungary 0 4 5 9
63  Nigeria 0 3 3 6
64  Kazakhstan 0 2 3 5
65  Turkey 0 2 1 3
66  Djibouti 0 2 0 2
66  Cameroon 0 2 0 2
68  Cyprus 0 1 1 2
68  Austria 0 1 1 2
68  Burundi 0 1 1 2
68  Suriname 0 1 1 2
68  Sri Lanka 0 1 1 2
68  Israel 0 1 1 2
68  Ghana 0 1 1 2
75  Bermuda 0 1 0 1
75  Eritrea 0 1 0 1
75  Puerto Rico 0 1 0 1
75  Tanzania 0 1 0 1
79  Belgium 0 0 3 3
79  Slovakia 0 0 3 3
81  Dominica 0 0 1 1
81  Saudi Arabia 0 0 1 1
81  American Samoa 0 0 1 1
81  Haiti 0 0 1 1
81  India 0 0 1 1
81  Tunisia 0 0 1 1
89 Total 538 542 535 1615

NOTE: Germany refers both to the former West Germany (1983-90) and the unified Federal Republic of Germany (1990-present).

Ceremonies

The opening and closing ceremonies of the 8th IAAF World Championships held in Edmonton in 2001 were broadcast live to over 200 countries. The event included the men's marathon, and featured a thousand voice choir and original music by The Second City alumni Jan Randall.

Other Athletics World Championship events

Prior to the inaugural IAAF World Championships in Helsinki in 1983 there had been several single events and races in the years leading up to them which were considered World Championships in those events. These consisted of non-Olympic events for which the Olympics didn't provide the opportunity for the holding of World Championships. Below are the medal winners from these events.

1976 (Malmö, Sweden)

Games Gold Silver Bronze
50 km walk (Men) Veniamin Soldatenko
 USSR
3:54:40 Enrique Vera
 Mexico
3:58:14 Reima Salonen
 Finland
3:58:53

1980 (Sittard, Netherlands)

Games Gold Silver Bronze
3000 m (Women) Brigit Friedmann
 West Germany
8:48.05 Karoline Nemetz
 Sweden
8:50.22 Ingrid Kristiansen
 Norway
8:58.80
400 m hurdles (Women) Bärbel Broschat
 East Germany
54.55 Ellen Neumann
 East Germany
54.56 Petra Pfatt
 East Germany
55.84

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