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ICC Champions Trophy
Administrator International Cricket Council
Format One Day International
First tournament 1998
Last tournament 2009
Tournament format Round Robin (current)
Knock-out (previously)
Number of teams 10
Current champion  Australia
Most successful  Australia (2 titles)
Most runs British West Indies Chris Gayle (695)
Most wickets Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan (24)
Cricket current event.svg 2009 ICC Champions Trophy

The ICC Champions Trophy is a One Day International cricket tournament, second in importance only to the Cricket World Cup. It was inaugurated as the ICC Knock Out tournament in 1998 and has been played every two years since, changing its name to the Champions Trophy in 2002. Originally, all ten full members of the International Cricket Council (ICC) took part, together with (for the first four competitions) two associate members. From 2009, this will be changed to the 8 highest-ranked ODI teams as placed 6 months out from the tournament.

Contents

Format

The Champions Trophy differs from the World Cup in a number of ways. The Champions Trophy takes place every two years, while the World Cup is held every four years. The matches in the Champions Trophy are held over a period of around two weeks, while the World Cup can last for over a month. For 2002 and 2004, twelve teams played a round robin tournament in four pools of three, with the top team in each pool moving forward to the semi-final). A team would play only four games (two in the pool, semi-final and final) to win the tournament. In 2006, eight teams played in two pools of four, with the top two teams in each pool playing in the semi-finals. Losing even a single match would potentially mean elimination from the tournament.

The format used in the Knock Out tournaments differed from the formats used in the Champions Trophy. The competition was a straight knock out, with no pools and the loser in each game being eliminated. Only 8 games were played in 1998, and 10 games in 2000. The Australian team lost to India early on in both tournaments and was critical of the format, since a losing team was given no second chance.

Results

The first two tournaments, in 1998 and 2000, were intended to raise the profile of the game in the host nations, Bangladesh and Kenya.

1998 ICC Knock Out tournament

All of the matches in the 1998 ICC Knock Out were played in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The tournament started with a preliminary match between New Zealand and Zimbabwe to decide which would proceed to the Quarter Finals. The tournament was won by South Africa, who beat West Indies in the final.

2000 ICC Knock Out tournament

All of the matches in the 2000 tournament were played in Nairobi, Kenya. There were three qualifying matches before the Quarter Finals, involving Kenya, India, Sri Lanka, West Indies, Bangladesh and England. The tournament was won by New Zealand who beat India in the final.

2002 ICC Champions Trophy

The 2002 ICC Champions Trophy was held in Sri Lanka, and the 12 teams included Netherlands and Kenya. The final between India and Sri Lanka was washed out twice to leave no result. Consequently, the ICC Champions Trophy for the year 2002 was jointly awarded to India and Sri Lanka.

2004 ICC Champions Trophy

The 2004 ICC Champions Trophy was held in England in September 2004. Fifteen matches were held, spread over sixteen days, at three venues: Edgbaston, The Rose Bowl and The Oval. Twelve teams competed, including Kenya and the USA. West Indies won the tournament final against England by two wickets to take the trophy.

2006 ICC Champions Trophy

The 2006 ICC Champions Trophy was held in India with the final on November 5, 2006. A new format was used. Eight teams were competing in the group phase: the top six teams in the ICC ODI Championship on 1 April 2006, plus two teams chosen from the other four Test-playing teams Sri Lanka, West Indies, Bangladesh and Zimbabwe, chosen from a pre-tournament round robin qualifying round. West Indies and Sri Lanka qualified ahead of Bangladesh and Zimbabwe.

The eight teams were then split into two groups of four in a round robin competition. While Australia and West Indies qualified from Group A, South Africa and New Zealand qualified from Group B for the semifinals. Australia and West Indies reached the final defeating New Zealand and South Africa, respectively. In the final, Australia beat West Indies by 8 wickets to win the trophy for the first time. The venues for the tournament were Mohali, Ahmedabad, Jaipur and Mumbai.

2009 ICC Champions Trophy

In 2006, the ICC selected Pakistan to host the 2009 ICC Champions Trophy.

On the 24th of August 2008 it was announced that the 2008 ICC Champions Trophy in Pakistan has been postponed to October 2009 as several countries were reluctant to visit Pakistan for security reasons. However due to the crowded international schedule around that date, and concerns about whether the security situation would have changed by that time, there was widespread skepticism whether it would actually take place in 2009.[1]

On the 16th of March 2009, an announcement was made that the ICC has recommended that the 2009 ICC Champions Trophy be moved from Pakistan to The Republic of South Africa.[2]

On April 2, 2009, Cricket South Africa confirmed that it will host the 2009 ICC Champions Trophy from September 24 to October 5.

The Board accepted recommendations from the ICC that Liberty Life Wanderers (Johannesburg) and Supersport Park (Centurion) be the host venues.

The details of SA’s hosting of the Champions Trophy were ironed out at a meeting between CSA’s CEO Gerald Majola and ICC General Manager – Commercial, Campbell Jamieson.

Majola confirmed that the six warm-up games will be played at Benoni’s Willowmoore Park, and Senwes Park in Potchefstroom.[3]

Australia beat England by 9 wickets in the 1st semi-final, and New Zealand beat Pakistan by 5 wickets in the 2nd semi-final, to set up a final that saw Australia beat New Zealand by 6 wickets, in 45.2 overs.

Year Venue Winner Runners up Format Final Venue
1998  Bangladesh  South Africa  West Indies Knockout Bangabandhu National Stadium
2000  Kenya  New Zealand  India Knockout Nairobi Gymkhana Club
2002  Sri Lanka  India and  Sri Lanka Round robin R. Premadasa Stadium
2004  England  West Indies  England Round robin The Oval
2006  India  Australia  West Indies Round robin Brabourne Stadium
2009  South Africa  Australia  New Zealand Round robin SuperSport Park

Records

Batting

Leading run scorers[4]

Player Matches Runs
British West Indies Chris Gayle 14 695
India Sourav Ganguly 13 665
South Africa Jacques Kallis 17 653
India Rahul Dravid 19 627
Australia Ricky Ponting 18 593

Highest individual score

Player Opposition HS
New Zealand Nathan Astle USA 145*
Zimbabwe Andy Flower India 145
India Sourav Ganguly South Africa 141*
India Sachin Tendulkar Australia 141
South Africa Graeme Smith England 141

Bowling

Leading wicket takers

Player Matches Wickets
Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralidaran 17 24
Australia Brett Lee 16 22
New Zealand Kyle Mills 12 22
Australia Glenn McGrath 12 21
South Africa Jacques Kallis 17 20

References








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