ISO 3166-1 alpha-2: Wikis

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ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. They are the most widely used of the country codes published by ISO (the others being alpha-3 and numeric), and are used most prominently for the Internet's country code top-level domains (with a few exceptions).[1] They were first included as part of the ISO 3166 standard in its first edition in 1974.

Contents

Uses and applications

The ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are used in different environments and are also part of other standards. In some cases they are not perfectly implemented.

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Perfect implementations

The ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are used in the following standards:

Imperfect implementations

Starting in 1985, ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes have been used in the Domain Name System as country code top-level domains (ccTLDs). The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority currently assigns the ccTLDs mostly following the alpha-2 codes, but with a few exceptions.[9] For example, the United Kingdom, whose alpha-2 code is GB, uses .uk instead of .gb as its ccTLD, as UK is currently exceptionally reserved in ISO 3166-1 on the request of the United Kingdom.

The WIPO coding standard ST.3 is based on ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes, but includes a number of additional codes for international intellectual property organizations, which are currently reserved and not used at the present stage in ISO 3166-1.[10]

The European Commission uses ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes with two exceptions: EL (not GR) is used to represent Greece, and UK (not GB) is used to represent the United Kingdom.[11] This notwithstanding, the Official Journal of the European Communities specified that GB and GR be used to represent the United Kingdom and Greece respectively.[12]

The United Nations uses a combination of ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and alpha-3 codes, along with codes that pre-date the creation of ISO 3166, for international vehicle registration codes, the codes on the oval stickers used to identify foreign road vehicles; some of these codes are currently indeterminately reserved in ISO 3166-1.[13]

IETF language tags are also partially derived from ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes.[14]

Current codes

Decoding table

The following is a colour-coded decoding table of all ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes (click on the cell to see the definition of each code):[15]

Decoding table of ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes
AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY AZ
BA BB BC BD BE BF BG BH BI BJ BK BL BM BN BO BP BQ BR BS BT BU BV BW BX BY BZ
CA CB CC CD CE CF CG CH CI CJ CK CL CM CN CO CP CQ CR CS CT CU CV CW CX CY CZ
DA DB DC DD DE DF DG DH DI DJ DK DL DM DN DO DP DQ DR DS DT DU DV DW DX DY DZ
EA EB EC ED EE EF EG EH EI EJ EK EL EM EN EO EP EQ ER ES ET EU EV EW EX EY EZ
FA FB FC FD FE FF FG FH FI FJ FK FL FM FN FO FP FQ FR FS FT FU FV FW FX FY FZ
GA GB GC GD GE GF GG GH GI GJ GK GL GM GN GO GP GQ GR GS GT GU GV GW GX GY GZ
HA HB HC HD HE HF HG HH HI HJ HK HL HM HN HO HP HQ HR HS HT HU HV HW HX HY HZ
IA IB IC ID IE IF IG IH II IJ IK IL IM IN IO IP IQ IR IS IT IU IV IW IX IY IZ
JA JB JC JD JE JF JG JH JI JJ JK JL JM JN JO JP JQ JR JS JT JU JV JW JX JY JZ
KA KB KC KD KE KF KG KH KI KJ KK KL KM KN KO KP KQ KR KS KT KU KV KW KX KY KZ
LA LB LC LD LE LF LG LH LI LJ LK LL LM LN LO LP LQ LR LS LT LU LV LW LX LY LZ
MA MB MC MD ME MF MG MH MI MJ MK ML MM MN MO MP MQ MR MS MT MU MV MW MX MY MZ
NA NB NC ND NE NF NG NH NI NJ NK NL NM NN NO NP NQ NR NS NT NU NV NW NX NY NZ
OA OB OC OD OE OF OG OH OI OJ OK OL OM ON OO OP OQ OR OS OT OU OV OW OX OY OZ
PA PB PC PD PE PF PG PH PI PJ PK PL PM PN PO PP PQ PR PS PT PU PV PW PX PY PZ
QA QB QC QD QE QF QG QH QI QJ QK QL QM QN QO QP QQ QR QS QT QU QV QW QX QY QZ
RA RB RC RD RE RF RG RH RI RJ RK RL RM RN RO RP RQ RR RS RT RU RV RW RX RY RZ
SA SB SC SD SE SF SG SH SI SJ SK SL SM SN SO SP SQ SR SS ST SU SV SW SX SY SZ
TA TB TC TD TE TF TG TH TI TJ TK TL TM TN TO TP TQ TR TS TT TU TV TW TX TY TZ
UA UB UC UD UE UF UG UH UI UJ UK UL UM UN UO UP UQ UR US UT UU UV UW UX UY UZ
VA VB VC VD VE VF VG VH VI VJ VK VL VM VN VO VP VQ VR VS VT VU VV VW VX VY VZ
WA WB WC WD WE WF WG WH WI WJ WK WL WM WN WO WP WQ WR WS WT WU WV WW WX WY WZ
XA XB XC XD XE XF XG XH XI XJ XK XL XM XN XO XP XQ XR XS XT XU XV XW XX XY XZ
YA YB YC YD YE YF YG YH YI YJ YK YL YM YN YO YP YQ YR YS YT YU YV YW YX YY YZ
ZA ZB ZC ZD ZE ZF ZG ZH ZI ZJ ZK ZL ZM ZN ZO ZP ZQ ZR ZS ZT ZU ZV ZW ZX ZY ZZ
Colour legend
Officially assigned: assigned to a country, territory, or area of geographical interest
User-assigned: free for assignment at the disposal of users
Exceptionally reserved: reserved on request for restricted use
Transitionally reserved: deleted from ISO 3166-1 but reserved transitionally
Indeterminately reserved: used in coding systems associated with ISO 3166-1
Not used at present stage: not used in ISO 3166-1 at the present stage
Un-assigned: free for assignment by the ISO 3166/MA only

Officially assigned code elements

The following is a complete list of the current officially assigned ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes, with four columns:

  • Alpha-2 — ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code
  • Country name — English short country name officially used by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA)
  • Since — Year when alpha-2 code was first officially assigned (1974 = first edition of ISO 3166)
  • Notes — Any unofficial notes
Alpha-2 Country name Since Notes
AD Andorra 1974
AE United Arab Emirates 1974
AF Afghanistan 1974
AG Antigua and Barbuda 1974
AI Anguilla 1983 AI previously represented French Afar and Issas
AL Albania 1974
AM Armenia 1992
AN Netherlands Antilles 1974
AO Angola 1974
AQ Antarctica 1974 Covers the territories south of 60° south latitude
Code taken from name in French: Antarctique
AR Argentina 1974
AS American Samoa 1974
AT Austria 1974
AU Australia 1974 Includes the Ashmore and Cartier Islands and the Coral Sea Islands
AW Aruba 1986
AX Åland Islands 2004
AZ Azerbaijan 1992
BA Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992
BB Barbados 1974
BD Bangladesh 1974
BE Belgium 1974
BF Burkina Faso 1984 Name changed from Upper Volta (HV)
BG Bulgaria 1974
BH Bahrain 1974
BI Burundi 1974
BJ Benin 1977 Name changed from Dahomey (DY)
BL Saint Barthélemy 2007
BM Bermuda 1974
BN Brunei Darussalam 1974
BO Bolivia, Plurinational State of 1974 Previous country name used by ISO: Bolivia
BR Brazil 1974
BS Bahamas 1974
BT Bhutan 1974
BV Bouvet Island 1974
BW Botswana 1974
BY Belarus 1974 Code taken from previous country name used by ISO: Byelorussian SSR
BZ Belize 1974
CA Canada 1974
CC Cocos (Keeling) Islands 1974
CD Congo, the Democratic Republic of the 1997 Name changed from Zaire (ZR)
CF Central African Republic 1974
CG Congo 1974 i.e., Congo, the Republic of the
CH Switzerland 1974 Code taken from name in Latin: Confoederatio Helvetica
CI Côte d'Ivoire 1974 i.e., Ivory Coast
CK Cook Islands 1974
CL Chile 1974
CM Cameroon 1974
CN China 1974
CO Colombia 1974
CR Costa Rica 1974
CU Cuba 1974
CV Cape Verde 1974
CX Christmas Island 1974
CY Cyprus 1974
CZ Czech Republic 1993
DE Germany 1974 Code taken from name in German: Deutschland
Code used for West Germany before 1990 (previous country name used by ISO: Germany, Federal Republic of)
DJ Djibouti 1977 Name changed from French Afar and Issas (AI)
DK Denmark 1974
DM Dominica 1974
DO Dominican Republic 1974
DZ Algeria 1974 Code taken from name in Kabyle: Dzayer
EC Ecuador 1974
EE Estonia 1992 Code taken from name in Estonian: Eesti
EG Egypt 1974
EH Western Sahara 1974 Disputed territory
Previous country name used by ISO: Spanish Sahara (code taken from name in Spanish: Sahara español)
ER Eritrea 1993
ES Spain 1974 Code taken from name in Spanish: España
ET Ethiopia 1974
FI Finland 1974
FJ Fiji 1974
FK Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 1974
FM Micronesia, Federated States of 1986 Previous country name used by ISO: Micronesia
FO Faroe Islands 1974
FR France 1974 Includes Clipperton Island
GA Gabon 1974
GB United Kingdom 1974 Code taken from official name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
UK also exceptionally reserved on request of the United Kingdom
GD Grenada 1974
GE Georgia 1992 GE previously represented Gilbert and Ellice Islands
GF French Guiana 1974 Code taken from name in French: Guyane française
GG Guernsey 2006
GH Ghana 1974
GI Gibraltar 1974
GL Greenland 1974
GM Gambia 1974
GN Guinea 1974
GP Guadeloupe 1974
GQ Equatorial Guinea 1974 Code taken from name in French: Guinée équatoriale
GR Greece 1974
GS South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 1993
GT Guatemala 1974
GU Guam 1974
GW Guinea-Bissau 1974
GY Guyana 1974
HK Hong Kong 1974
HM Heard Island and McDonald Islands 1974
HN Honduras 1974
HR Croatia 1992 Code taken from name in Croatian: Hrvatska
HT Haiti 1974
HU Hungary 1974
ID Indonesia 1974
IE Ireland 1974
IL Israel 1974
IM Isle of Man 2006
IN India 1974
IO British Indian Ocean Territory 1974
IQ Iraq 1974
IR Iran, Islamic Republic of 1974
IS Iceland 1974 Code taken from name in Icelandic: Ísland
IT Italy 1974
JE Jersey 2006
JM Jamaica 1974
JO Jordan 1974
JP Japan 1974
KE Kenya 1974
KG Kyrgyzstan 1992
KH Cambodia 1974 Code taken from former name: Khmer Republic
Previous country name used by ISO: Kampuchea
KI Kiribati 1979
KM Comoros 1974 Code taken from name in Comorian: Komori
KN Saint Kitts and Nevis 1974 Previous country name used by ISO: Saint Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla
KP Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 1974 i.e., North Korea
KR Korea, Republic of 1974 i.e., South Korea
KW Kuwait 1974
KY Cayman Islands 1974
KZ Kazakhstan 1992 Previous country name used by ISO: Kazakstan
LA Lao People's Democratic Republic 1974
LB Lebanon 1974
LC Saint Lucia 1974
LI Liechtenstein 1974
LK Sri Lanka 1974
LR Liberia 1974
LS Lesotho 1974
LT Lithuania 1992
LU Luxembourg 1974
LV Latvia 1992
LY Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 1974
MA Morocco 1974 Code taken from name in French: Maroc
MC Monaco 1974
MD Moldova, Republic of 1992 Previous country name used by ISO: Moldova
ME Montenegro 2006
MF Saint Martin (French part) 2007
MG Madagascar 1974
MH Marshall Islands 1986
MK Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of 1993 Designated as such due to the Macedonia naming dispute
Code taken from name in Macedonian: Makedonija
ML Mali 1974
MM Myanmar 1989 Name changed from Burma (BU)
MN Mongolia 1974
MO Macao 1974 Previous country name used by ISO: Macau
MP Northern Mariana Islands 1986
MQ Martinique 1974
MR Mauritania 1974
MS Montserrat 1974
MT Malta 1974
MU Mauritius 1974
MV Maldives 1974
MW Malawi 1974
MX Mexico 1974
MY Malaysia 1974
MZ Mozambique 1974
NA Namibia 1974
NC New Caledonia 1974
NE Niger 1974
NF Norfolk Island 1974
NG Nigeria 1974
NI Nicaragua 1974
NL Netherlands 1974
NO Norway 1974
NP Nepal 1974
NR Nauru 1974
NU Niue 1974
NZ New Zealand 1974
OM Oman 1974
PA Panama 1974
PE Peru 1974
PF French Polynesia 1974 Code taken from name in French: Polynésie française
PG Papua New Guinea 1974
PH Philippines 1974
PK Pakistan 1974
PL Poland 1974
PM Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1974
PN Pitcairn 1974
PR Puerto Rico 1974
PS Palestinian Territory, Occupied 1999 Consists of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
PT Portugal 1974
PW Palau 1986
PY Paraguay 1974
QA Qatar 1974
RE Réunion 1974
RO Romania 1974
RS Serbia 2006 Code taken from official name: Republic of Serbia (see Serbian country codes)
RU Russian Federation 1992
RW Rwanda 1974
SA Saudi Arabia 1974
SB Solomon Islands 1974 Code taken from former name: British Solomon Islands
SC Seychelles 1974
SD Sudan 1974
SE Sweden 1974
SG Singapore 1974
SH Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 1974 Previous country name used by ISO: Saint Helena
SI Slovenia 1992
SJ Svalbard and Jan Mayen 1974 Consists of Svalbard and Jan Mayen
SK Slovakia 1993 SK previously represented Sikkim
SL Sierra Leone 1974
SM San Marino 1974
SN Senegal 1974
SO Somalia 1974
SR Suriname 1974
ST Sao Tome and Principe 1974
SV El Salvador 1974
SY Syrian Arab Republic 1974
SZ Swaziland 1974
TC Turks and Caicos Islands 1974
TD Chad 1974 Code taken from name in French: Tchad
TF French Southern Territories 1979 Covers the territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands except Adélie Land
Code taken from name in French: Terres australes françaises
TG Togo 1974
TH Thailand 1974
TJ Tajikistan 1992
TK Tokelau 1974
TL Timor-Leste 2002 Name changed from East Timor (TP)
TM Turkmenistan 1992
TN Tunisia 1974
TO Tonga 1974
TR Turkey 1974
TT Trinidad and Tobago 1974
TV Tuvalu 1979
TW Taiwan, Province of China 1974 Covers the current jurisdiction of the Republic of China except Kinmen and Lienchiang
Designated as such due to its political status within the United Nations
TZ Tanzania, United Republic of 1974
UA Ukraine 1974 Previous country name used by ISO: Ukrainian SSR
UG Uganda 1974
UM United States Minor Outlying Islands 1986 Consists of Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Islands, Navassa Island, Palmyra Atoll, and Wake Island
US United States 1974
UY Uruguay 1974
UZ Uzbekistan 1992
VA Holy See (Vatican City State) 1974 Territory of the Holy See
Previous country name used by ISO: Vatican City State (Holy See)
VC Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1974
VE Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of 1974 Previous country name used by ISO: Venezuela
VG Virgin Islands, British 1974
VI Virgin Islands, U.S. 1974
VN Viet Nam 1974
VU Vanuatu 1980 Name changed from New Hebrides (NH)
WF Wallis and Futuna 1974
WS Samoa 1974 Code taken from former name: Western Samoa
YE Yemen 1974 Previous country name used by ISO: Yemen, Republic of
Code used for North Yemen before 1990
YT Mayotte 1993
ZA South Africa 1974 Code taken from name in Dutch: Zuid-Afrika
ZM Zambia 1974
ZW Zimbabwe 1980 Name changed from Southern Rhodesia (RH)

User-assigned code elements

User-assigned code elements are codes at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories, or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use these codes in the updating process of the standard. The following alpha-2 codes can be user-assigned: AA, QM to QZ, XA to XZ, and ZZ. For example:

Reserved code elements

Reserved code elements are codes which have become obsolete, or are required in order to enable a particular user application of the standard but do not qualify for inclusion in ISO 3166-1. To avoid transitional application problems and to aid users who require specific additional code elements for the functioning of their coding systems, the ISO 3166/MA, when justified, reserves these codes which it undertakes not to use for other than specified purposes during a limited or indeterminate period of time. The reserved alpha-2 codes can be divided into the following four categories: exceptional reservations, transitional reservations, indeterminate reservations, and codes currently agreed not to use.

Exceptional reservations

Exceptionally reserved code elements are codes reserved at the request of national ISO member bodies, governments and international organizations, which are required in order to support a particular application, as specified by the requesting body and limited to such use; any further use of such code elements is subject to approval by the ISO 3166/MA. The following alpha-2 codes are currently exceptionally reserved:

Alpha-2 Area name or country name Notes
AC Ascension Island Reserved on request of UPU for stamp issuing area
Currently used for the ccTLD .ac
CP Clipperton Island Reserved on request of ITU for location of certain telecommunications installations
DG Diego Garcia Reserved on request of ITU for location of certain telecommunications installations
EA Ceuta, Melilla Reserved on request of WCO for area not covered by European Union Customs arrangements
Code taken from former name of territory in Spanish: África Septentrional Española
EU European Union Reserved on request of ISO 4217/MA for the European monetary unit Euro
Extended for ISO 6166 "Securities – International securities identification numbering system (ISIN)" in March 1998
Extended for any application needing to represent the name European Union in August 1999
Currently used for the ccTLD .eu
FX France, Metropolitan Reserved on request of France
Previously officially assigned
IC Canary Islands Reserved on request of WCO for area not covered by European Union Customs arrangements
SU USSR Exceptionally reserved from June 2008
Previously officially assigned, then transitionally reserved from September 1992
Currently used for the ccTLD .su
TA Tristan da Cunha Reserved on request of UPU for stamp issuing area
UK United Kingdom Reserved on request of the United Kingdom lest UK be used for any other country
Currently used for the ccTLD .uk, and by the European Commission
United Kingdom is officially assigned the alpha-2 code GB

The following alpha-2 codes were previously exceptionally reserved, but are now officially assigned:

Alpha-2 Area name or country name Notes
AX Åland Reserved on request of Finland
Officially assigned since 2004
GG Guernsey Reserved on request of UPU for stamp issuing area
Used for the ccTLD .gg when reserved
Officially assigned since 2006
IM Isle of Man Reserved on request of UPU for stamp issuing area
Used for the ccTLD .im when reserved
Officially assigned since 2006
JE Jersey Reserved on request of UPU for stamp issuing area
Used for the ccTLD .je when reserved
Officially assigned since 2006

Transitional reservations

Transitional reserved code elements are codes reserved after their deletion from ISO 3166-1. These codes may be used only during a transitional period of at least five years while new code elements that may have replaced them are taken into use. These codes may be reassigned by the ISO 3166/MA after the expiration of the transitional period. The following alpha-2 codes are currently transitionally reserved:

Alpha-2 Formerly used country name Date of reservation
BU Burma 1989-12
CS Serbia and Montenegro 2006-09
NT Neutral Zone 1993-07
SF Finland 1995-09
TP East Timor 2002-05
YU Yugoslavia 2003-07
ZR Zaire 1997-07

The code SF was actually not an official code, as Finland is officially assigned the alpha-2 code FI. It was previously used in international postal codes and vehicle registration codes to represent Finland, and was taken from the country name in Finnish and Swedish combined: Suomi Finland.

The following alpha-2 code was previously transitionally reserved, but was later reassigned to another country as its official code:

Alpha-2 Formerly used country name Date of reservation Code reassigned to
CS Czechoslovakia 1993-06 Serbia and Montenegro (2003)

Indeterminate reservations

Indeterminately reserved code elements are codes used to designate road vehicles under the 1949 and 1968 United Nations Conventions on Road Traffic but differing from those contained in ISO 3166-1. These code elements are expected eventually to be either eliminated or replaced by code elements within ISO 3166-1. In the meantime, the ISO 3166/MA has reserved such code elements for an indeterminate period. Any use beyond the application of the two Conventions is discouraged and will not be approved by the ISO 3166/MA. Moreover, these codes may be reassigned by the ISO 3166/MA at any time. The following alpha-2 codes are currently indeterminately reserved:

Alpha-2 Area name or country name Notes
DY Benin [note 1]
EW Estonia [note 1]
FL Liechtenstein [note 2]
JA Jamaica [note 3]
LF Libya Fezzan [note 2]
PI Philippines [note 3]
RA Argentina [note 3]
RB Bolivia [cf. Botswana: identical code element] [note 2]
RB Botswana [cf. Bolivia: identical code element] [note 3]
RC China [note 3]
RH Haiti [note 1]
RI Indonesia [note 3]
RL Lebanon [note 3]
RM Madagascar [note 3]
RN Niger [note 4]
RP Philippines [note 4]
WG Grenada [note 1]
WL Saint Lucia [note 1]
WV Saint Vincent [note 1]
YV Venezuela [note 1]

The following alpha-2 codes were previously indeterminately reserved, but have been reassigned to another country as its official code:

Alpha-2 Area name or country name Notes Code reassigned to
LT Libya Tripoli [note 2] Lithuania (1992)
ME Western Sahara [note 2] Montenegro (2006)
RU Burundi [note 2] Russian Federation (1992)
Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g Code notified to United Nations Secretary-General under 1949 and/or 1968 Road Traffic Conventions
  2. ^ a b c d e f Code in use for road transport purposes, but not notified to United Nations Secretary-General under 1949 Road Traffic Convention
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Code under 1949 Road Traffic Convention
  4. ^ a b Code under 1968 Road Traffic Convention

Codes currently agreed not to use

In addition, the ISO 3166/MA will not use the following alpha-2 codes at the present stage, as they are used for international intellectual property organizations in WIPO Standard ST.3:

Alpha-2 Organization name
AP African Regional Industrial Property Organization
BX Benelux Trademarks and Design Offices
EF Union of Countries under the European Community Patent Convention
EM European Trademark Office
EP European Patent Organization
EV Eurasian Patent Organization
GC Patent Office of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC)
IB International Bureau of WIPO
OA African Intellectual Property Organization
WO World Intellectual Property Organization

WIPO Standard ST.3 actually uses EA, instead of EV, to represent the Eurasian Patent Organization. However, EA was already exceptionally reserved by the ISO 3166/MA to represent Ceuta and Melilla for customs purposes. The ISO 3166/MA proposed in 1995 that EV be used by WIPO to represent the Eurasian Patent Organization; however, this request was not honoured by WIPO.

Deleted codes

Besides the codes currently transitionally reserved and two other codes currently exceptionally reserved (FX for France, Metropolitan and SU for USSR), the following alpha-2 codes have also been deleted from ISO 3166-1:

Alpha-2 Former country name Code later reassigned to
AI French Afar and Issas Anguilla
BQ British Antarctic Territory
CT Canton and Enderbury Islands
DD German Democratic Republic
DY Dahomey
FQ French Southern and Antarctic Territories
GE Gilbert and Ellice Islands Georgia
HV Upper Volta
JT Johnston Island
MI Midway Islands
NH New Hebrides
NQ Dronning Maud Land
PC Pacific Islands, Trust Territory of the
PU U.S. Miscellaneous Pacific Islands
PZ Panama Canal Zone
RH Southern Rhodesia
SK Sikkim Slovakia
VD Viet-Nam, Democratic Republic of
WK Wake Island
YD Yemen, Democratic

For each deleted alpha-2 code, an entry for the corresponding former country name is included in ISO 3166-3. Each entry is assigned a four-letter alphabetic code, where the first two letters are the deleted alpha-2 code.

See also

References

  1. ^ "ISO 3166 – FAQs – General questions". International Organization for Standardization (ISO). http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/iso_3166-faqs/iso_3166_faqs_general.htm. 
  2. ^ "ISO 3166-2". ISO. http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/background_on_iso_3166/iso_3166-2.htm. 
  3. ^ "The International Standard Recording Code". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. http://www.ifpi.org/content/section_resources/isrc_handbook.html#Heading226. 
  4. ^ a b "ISO 4217 currency names and code elements". ISO. http://www.iso.org/iso/support/faqs/faqs_widely_used_standards/widely_used_standards_other/currency_codes/currency_codes_list-1.htm. 
  5. ^ "ISO6166 - an outline of the standard". Association of National Numbering Agencies. http://www.anna-web.com/neu/ISO_6166/iso_standard.php. 
  6. ^ "About BIC". Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication. http://www.swift.com/biconline/index.cfm?fuseaction=display_aboutbic. 
  7. ^ "IBAN Registry". Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication. http://www.swift.com/solutions/messaging/information_products/bic_downloads_documents/pdfs/IBAN_Registry.pdf. 
  8. ^ a b "UN/LOCODE Manual". United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. http://www.unece.org/cefact/locode/unlocode_manual.pdf. 
  9. ^ "IANA – Root Zone Database". Internet Assigned Numbers Authority. http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/index.html. 
  10. ^ "Standard ST.3 – Recommended standard on two-letter codes for the representation of states, other entities and intergovernmental organizations". Handbook on Industrial Property Information and Documentation. World Intellectual Property Organization. 2007-04. pp. 3.3.1–3.3.9. http://www.wipo.int/standards/en/pdf/03-03-01.pdf. 
  11. ^ "Publications Office – Interinstitutional style guide – Countries". European Union. http://publications.europa.eu/code/en/en-370100.htm. 
  12. ^ "Commission Regulation (EC) No 2645/98 of 9 December 1998 on the nomenclature of countries and territories for the external trade statistics of the Community and statistics of trade between Member States". Official Journal of the European Communities, L 335. European Union. 1998-12-10. pp. 22–29. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:1998:335:0022:0029:EN:PDF. 
  13. ^ "Distinguishing signs used on vehicles in international traffic". United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. http://www.unece.org/trans/conventn/Distsigns.pdf. 
  14. ^ "Tags for Identifying Languages". Internet Engineering Task Force. http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4646. 
  15. ^ "ISO 3166-1 decoding table". ISO. http://www.iso.org/iso/iso-3166-1_decoding_table. 
  16. ^ Mark Davis. "Unicode Technical Standard #35: Unicode Locale Data Markup Language (LDML)". Unicode Consortium. http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr35/. 

Sources and external links


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