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I Dream of Jeannie
I Dream of Jeannie.png
Format Sitcom / Fantasy
Created by Sidney Sheldon
Directed by Gene Nelson
Hal Cooper
Claudio Guzman
Starring Barbara Eden
Larry Hagman
Bill Daily
Hayden Rorke
Emmaline Henry
Opening theme "Jeannie"
Ending theme "Jeannie"
Composer(s) Richard Wess
Hugo Montenegro
Nelson Riddle
Van Alexander
Sonny Burke
Country of origin United States
Language(s) English
No. of seasons 5
No. of episodes 139 (List of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s) Sidney Sheldon (1967–1970)
Producer(s) Sidney Sheldon (1965–1967)
Claudio Guzman (1967–1970)
Editor(s) William Martin
Location(s) Sunset Gower Studios
Warner Bros. Ranch (originally Columbia Ranch)
Cinematography Frederick Gately
Fred Jackman
Robert Tobey
Lothrop Worth
Running time 25 minutes per episode
Production company(s) Sidney Sheldon Productions, Inc.
In Associaton With Screen Gems
(Columbia Pictures Television, Columbia TriStar Television, Sony Pictures Television)
Broadcast
Original channel NBC
Picture format 35mm film
B&W (Season 1)
Color (Seasons 2 – 5)
Audio format Monaural
Original run September 18, 1965 – May 26, 1970
Chronology
Followed by I Dream of Jeannie: 15 Years Later
I Still Dream of Jeannie
Related shows Jeannie

I Dream of Jeannie is a 1960s American sitcom with a fantasy premise. The show starred Barbara Eden as a 2000-year-old female genie, and Larry Hagman as an astronaut who becomes her master, with whom she falls in love and eventually marries. Produced by Screen Gems, the show originally aired from September 1965 to May 1970 with new episodes, and through September 1970 with season repeats, on NBC. The show ran for five seasons and produced 139 episodes. The first season consisted of 30 episodes filmed in black and white. The other 109 episodes were filmed in color. The show has continued to air in reruns ever since, currently airing in the United States on WGN America, on GO! in Australia and on Zee Cafe in India.[citation needed]

Contents

Show history

Original run

The series was created and produced by Sidney Sheldon in response to the great success of rival network ABC's Bewitched series, which had debuted in 1964 as the second most watched program in the United States. Sheldon, inspired by the movie The Brass Bottle, which had starred Tony Randall, Barbara Eden, and Burl Ives as the genie Fakrash, came up with the idea for a beautiful female genie. Both I Dream of Jeannie and Bewitched were Screen Gems productions. The show debuted at 8:00 pm (EDT), Saturday, September 18, 1965, on NBC.

(The series was not Barbara Eden's first sitcom. From 1957–1959, she had appeared with Lori Nelson and Merry Anders in the syndicated romantic comedy How to Marry a Millionaire as a young woman living in New York City seeking to attract a millionaire husband.)

When casting was opened for the role of Jeannie, Sidney Sheldon could not find an actress who could play the role the way that he had written it. He did have one specific rule: he did not want a blonde genie because there would be too much similarity with the blonde witch on Bewitched. However, after many unsuccessful auditions, he called Barbara Eden's agent.

In most episodes, Eden wears her revealing "Jeannie" costume (created by veteran Hollywood costume designer Gwen Wakeling). Censors allowed her to be depicted living in a house with an unmarried man (because early episodes made it plain that she slept in her bottle) but would not permit Eden's navel to be seen. (In one scene midway through a season four episode entitled "The Case of My Vanishing Master, Part 2", Jeannie's waistband slips below her navel. It was also seen briefly during the third season episode "Meet My Master's Mother", and season five's "Mrs. Djinn-Djinn".) The makers of the series were also presented with the situation of filming around Eden's real-life pregnancy during the first eleven episodes of the first season, without writing it into the storyline. She wore veils to hide her stomach, and as her pregnancy progressed, they began to use body doubles and filmed Eden only above the waist, though her belly is visible in some profile shots.

When NBC began telecasting most of its prime time television programs in color in the fall of 1965, Jeannie was the one of two regular programs on NBC that remained in black and white, in this case because of the special photographic effects employed to achieve Jeannie's magic. By the second season, however, further work had been done on techniques to create the visual effects in color, necessary because by 1966 all US prime time series were being made in color.

According to the book Dreaming of Jeannie by Stephen Cox and Howard Frank, series producer Sidney Sheldon originally wanted to film season one in color but NBC did not want to pay for the extra expense because they (and Screen Gems) believed the series would not make it to a second season. According to Sheldon in his autobiography The Other Side Of Me, he offered to pay the extra $400 an episode needed for color filming at the beginning of the series, but Screen Gems executive Jerry Hyams advised him, "Sidney, don't throw your money away".

Syndication

Despite the series being scheduled on a different night and time period each season it was originally in production, it was a moderate success on NBC, but the show's popularity exploded when the series began playing in syndication. In reruns, it became one of the highest-rated series during the 1970s. For example, when the reruns debuted on New York's WPIX, Jeannie won its time period with a 13 rating and a 23 share of the audience (Variety, October 6, 1971). The series averaged a 14 share and 32 share of the audience when WTTG in Washington, D.C. began airing the series (Variety, September 22, 1971). Across the board, the series was reaching a bigger audience in syndication than on NBC. According to the October 6, 1971 edition of Variety, it was the first off-network series to best network competition in the ratings: "The big switch no doubt representing the first time in rating history that indies (local stations) have knocked over the network stations in a primetime slot was promoted by WPIX's premiere of the off-web Jeannie reruns back to back from 7 to 8 p.m." The show continues to have a cult following today.

As of February 2009, the show can be viewed in the US on WGN America, downloaded on iTunes, or streamed for free in the US on Hulu, IMDb, and Minisodes. Full length episodes are available on Crackle.

In September 2008, the show began to air in the US on WGN America. Previous cable television syndication had been on WTBS throughout the 1980s and 1990s, Nick at Nite in the 1990s, the Hallmark Channel from 2001 to 2003, and TV Land from 2003 to 2006 and is expected to return to TV Land in the future.

I Dream Of Jeannie also airs on Living TV in the United Kingdom on weekends.

Animated series

Hanna-Barbera Productions produced an animated series Jeannie from September 1973 to 1975, which featured Jeannie (voiced by Julie McWhirter) and genie-in-training Babu (voiced by former Three Stooges star Joe Besser) as the servants of Corry Anders, a high-school student (voiced by Mark Hamill).

Reunion films and appearances

The cast and crew visited Cocoa Beach, Florida twice in 1969. On June 27 a parade in Cocoa Beach escorted Eden and the rest of the cast to the Cocoa Beach City Hall where she was greeted by her fans and city officials made her welcome. After this event she and cast were taken to the Air Force Station at Cape Canaveral where a special ceremony awaited her where she pressed a button that launched a weather rocket. Following they had dinner at Bernard's Surf where she was presented the State of Florida's Commodore Award for outstanding acting and later the entourage went to Lee Caron's Carnival Club where she was showered with gifts. She kissed astronaut Buzz Aldrin on the cheek here just two weeks before he made his trip on Apollo 11.

Due to dwindling TV ratings, the crew and cast returned to the Space Coast on November 25, 1969 for a mock wedding at the Patrick Air Force Base Officers Club. The Governor of Florida, Claude Kirk, attended this event and cut the cake for the couple. Barbara Eden returned 27 years later, in July 1996, as a featured speaker for Space Days at Kennedy Space Center and she was presented a street sign bearing the name, "I Dream of Jeannie Lane", by City of Cocoa Beach Mayor Joe Morgan.

There were two reunion movies, both televised on NBC: I Dream of Jeannie: 15 Years Later (1985) and I Still Dream of Jeannie (1991). Hagman refused to appear in the first reunion movie, reportedly because of a payment dispute, so Wayne Rogers played the role of Tony Nelson. When it came time to film the second reunion, Barbara Eden asked Hagman to join her. However, as she told Geraldo Rivera in a 1991 interview, Hagman was just coming off a 13-year run on Dallas and was taking a vacation. Eden expressed her disappointment, as a year earlier, she had obliged Hagman by appearing on a few episodes of Dallas, playing a former lover out for revenge. Tony Nelson was written out of the 2nd movie, with his character being away on an extended mission.

In November, 1999, the cast was brought together for the official I Dream of Jeannie reunion on the Donny & Marie daytime talk show. For the first time in 29 years, Barbara Eden, Larry Hagman, Bill Daily, and even the creator and producer Sidney Sheldon reunited on this 1-hour show that was filled with memories and clips from I Dream of Jeannie.

In 2002, when I Dream of Jeannie was set to join the cable channel TV Land, once again there was an I Dream of Jeannie reunion, this time on the Larry King Live show for CNN. For the first time ever, fans of I Dream of Jeannie were able to call in and talk to the cast.

Rumors of a big screen treatment of I Dream of Jeannie have circulated around Hollywood for years. Jessica Alba, Halle Berry, Amanda Bynes, Jessica Simpson, Mandy Moore, Paris Hilton, Keira Knightley, Valeria Mazza, Parminder Nagra, Reese Witherspoon, Jenna Elfman, Lindsay Lohan, and Lisa Kudrow have been considered for the part of Jeannie. Jimmy Fallon, Will Ferrell, Steve Carell, Will Smith, and James Marsden have all been considered for the role of Major Nelson. The latest news is that Columbia Pictures is in pre-production for a feature film version of I Dream of Jeannie, the date of release now pushed back to 2010 with no defined script, cast, or director.

According to some sources, writer/director Gurinder Chadha, who had been set to direct the remake, lost the job because of her lack of knowledge of the show and its initial success.[citation needed] Chadha suggested a possible storyline which would be somewhat darker than the original series, with Jeannie as a headstrong girl who is punished for becoming a soldier by being imprisoned in a bottle as a genie (she pitched her proposed film as being "a male action film with a female lead"). As Columbia Pictures began to see the direction Chadha was going, it is rumored they cancelled that idea and told her to create a storyline more closely relating to the original show. Upon her inability to do so, Columbia released Chadha from her contract.[citation needed]

I Dream of Jeannie Lane in Cocoa Beach, Florida

Recently, Cocoa Beach, Florida, has been embracing the fame it garnered from Jeannie. A street near the Lori Wilson Park in Cocoa Beach is named "I Dream of Jeannie Lane". On September 15, 2005, they held the "We Dream of Jeannie" Festival, including a Jeannie lookalike contest. There were plans for one in 2004, but it was interrupted by Hurricane Frances and Hurricane Jeanne. However, they did hold the Jeannie lookalike contest in 2004, with Bill Daily attending.

Cast

Regulars

Recurring characters

  • Brig. Gen. Wingard Stone (1965) – Philip Ober (eliminated from the story after the fourth episode)
  • Maj. Gen. Martin Peterson (1965–1969) — Barton MacLane
  • Maj. Gen. Winfield Schaeffer (1969–1970) — Vinton Hayworth
  • Jeannie's Sister (also named Jeannie and officially known to NBC as "Jeannie II"; in recent closed-captioning her name is spelled "Jeaney" to make it distinct) (1967–1969) — Barbara Eden
  • Jeannie's (and Jeaney's) Mother — Barbara Eden (Fourth season) (In the first season Jeannie's Mother was also played by Florence Sundstrom and Lurene Tuttle)
  • Haji (the "chief of all the genies") (1966, mention, to 1968) – Abraham Sofaer

Mentioned in an episode

Additional appearances

Story

Main article: List of I Dream of Jeannie episodes (including DVD and VHS release information).
Tony opens the bottle he finds on the beach (colorized).

In the pilot episode, "The Lady in the Bottle", astronaut Captain Tony Nelson, US Air Force, is on a space flight when his one-man capsule Stardust One comes down far from the planned recovery area, near a deserted island in the South Pacific. On the beach, Tony notices a strange bottle that rolls by itself. When he rubs it after removing the stopper, smoke starts shooting out and a Persian-speaking female genie (wearing an enticing harem costume) materializes and kisses Tony on the lips with passion, shocking him. (In the second season's animated opening, it's a kiss on the cheek and Tony is happy to receive it).

They cannot understand each other until Tony expresses his wish that Jeannie (a homophone of genie) could speak English, which she then does. Then, per his instructions, she "blinks" and causes a recovery helicopter to show up to rescue Tony, who is so grateful that he tells her she's free. But Jeannie, who has fallen in love with Tony at first sight after being trapped for 2000 years, re-enters her bottle and places it in Tony's duffel bag so she can accompany him back home. One of the first things Jeannie does, in a subsequent episode, is break up Tony's engagement to his commanding general's daughter, who, along with that particular general, is never seen again. (This event reflects producer Sidney Sheldon's decision that the engagement depicted in the pilot episode would not be part of the series continuity; he realized the romantic triangle he created between Jeannie, "Master" and Melissa Stone wouldn't pan out in the long run.)

Tony at first keeps Jeannie in her bottle most of the time, but finally relents and allows her to enjoy a life of her own. However, "her" life is devoted mostly to his, and most of their problems stem from her love and affection towards "Master", and her desire to "please" him and fulfill her ancient heritage as a genie- especially when he doesn't want her to do so. His efforts to cover up Jeannie's antics brings him to the attention of NASA's resident psychiatrist, US Air Force Colonel Dr. Alfred Bellows. In a running gag, Dr. Bellows tries over and over to prove to his superiors that Tony is either crazy or hiding something, but he is always foiled ("He's done it to me, again") and Tony's job remains secure.

Tony's best friend and fellow astronaut, US Army Captain Roger Healey, doesn't know about Jeannie for several episodes – when he finds out (in the episode "The Richest Astronaut In the Whole Wide World" [January 15, 1966]), he steals her so he can live in luxury. It's not long though before Tony reclaims his status as Jeannie's master. Roger continues to demonstrate his desire to use Jeannie's powers for his own "selfish" benefit, but for the most part he respects Tony's status as Jeannie's master. Both Tony and Roger are promoted to the rank of major late in the first season.

Jeannie's sister, mentioned in a second-season episode (and also named Jeannie), proves to have a mean streak starting in the third season (demonstrated in her initial appearance in "Jeannie or the Tiger?" [September 19, 1967]), repeatedly trying to steal Tony for herself, with her as the real "master". Her final attempt in the series comes right after Tony and Jeannie get married, with a ploy involving a man played by Barbara Eden's real-life husband at the time, Michael Ansara (in a kind of in-joke, while Jeannie's sister pretends to be attracted to him, she privately scoffs at him).

Early in the fifth season [September 30, 1969], Jeannie is called upon by her Uncle Sully (Jackie Coogan) to become queen of their family's native country, Basenji. Tony inadvertently gives grave offense to Basenji national pride in their feud with neighboring Kasja. To regain favor, Tony is required by Sully to marry Jeannie, and avenge Basenji's honor by killing the ambassador from Kasja when he visits NASA. After Sully puts Tony through an ordeal of nearly killing the ambassador, Tony responds in a fit of anger that he is fed up with Sully and his cohorts, and that he wouldn't marry Jeannie if she were "the last genie on earth". Hearing this, Jeannie bitterly leaves Tony, and returns to Basenji. With Jeannie gone, Tony realizes how deeply he loves her, and that that outweighs all concerns he has had about Jeannie's threat to his career. He flies to Basenji to win Jeannie back, and upon their return to NASA, Tony introduces Jeannie as his fiancée. The two get married several weeks later. The public introduction of Jeannie heralds a change in the series continuity: the secret is no longer Jeannie's existence, but merely that she possesses magical powers.

Sidney Sheldon and the cast fought against the marriage, feeling it would ruin the sexual tension between the two. Despite the series finishing its fourth season in 26th place, NBC was going to cancel the program if Jeannie and Tony did not wed [Sheldon later referred to the network's ultimatum as "blackmail"]. For the fifth season (1969–70), NBC moved the series to a weak time slot (Tuesday at 7:30 p.m. [Eastern/Pacific Time]) where it had had mediocre ratings during its third season (1967–68). Jeannie and Tony wed, NBC got lots of press, and then canceled the series.

Multi-part story arcs

On several occasions, multi-part story arcs were created to serve as backgrounds for national contests. During the second season, in a story that is the focus of a two-part episode and a peripheral plot of two further episodes [the "Guess Jeannie's Birthday" contest began with the opening two-part episode on November 14, 1966, concluding with the name of the winner revealed after the end of the fourth episode, "My Master, the Great Caruso", on December 5], it was established that Jeannie did not know her birthday, and her family members could not agree when it was either (2,000 years being a long time to remember such a thing). Tony and Roger use NASA's powerful new computer and horoscopic guidance based on Jeannie's traits to calculate it. The year is quickly established as 64 B.C., but only Roger is privy to the exact date, and he decides to make a game out of revealing it. This date became the basis of the contest. Jeannie finally forces it out of him in the fourth episode: April 1.

In a third-season four-part episode (entitled "Genie, Genie, Who's Got the Genie?" [January 16- February 6, 1968]), Jeannie is locked in a safe bound for the moon, and any attempt to force the safe or use the wrong combination will destroy the safe with an explosive. Jeannie is in there so long (four weeks) that whoever opens the safe will become her master. The episodes spread out over a month, during which the contest was held to guess the safe's combination. This explains why Larry Hagman is never seen actually saying the combination out loud...his mouth is hidden behind the safe, or the shot is on Jeannie when he says it. The actual combination was not decided until just before the episode aired, with Hagman's voice dubbed in. Over the closing credits, Barbara Eden announced and congratulated the contest winner. The combination: 4–9–7. [1]

In the fourth season, a two-part episode, "The Case Of My Vanishing Master" [January 6–13, 1969], concerned Tony being taken to a secret location somewhere in the world, while a perfect double took his place at home (and was flabbergasted by the magical Jeannie he encountered there!) The contest was held to guess the location to which Tony had been taken. Unlike earlier contests, the answer was not revealed within the story. However, there was a special "contest epilogue" (which was never repeated in syndication) seen at the end of "Invisible House For Sale" [February 3, 1969] where Jeannie and Tony revealed to the audience the "secret location" was actually Puerto Rico, followed by the name of the "Grand Prize Winner".

Theme music

The first season theme music was an instrumental jazz waltz written by Richard Wess; eventually, Sidney Sheldon became dissatisfied with Wess' theme and musical score. From the second season on, it was replaced by a new theme entitled "Jeannie", composed by Hugo Montenegro with lyrics by Buddy Kaye. Episode 20 and 25 used a re-recorded ending of "Jeannie" for the closing credits with new, longer drum breaks and a different closing riff. The lyrics were never used in the show.

Songwriters Gerry Goffin and Carole King wrote a theme, called "Jeannie", for Sidney Sheldon before the series started, but it was rejected.

In the third and fourth season of the show another instrumental theme (by Hugo Montenegro) was also introduced that was played during the show's campy scenes. Simply titled "Mischief", the theme would be heard mainly on outdoor locations, showing the characters attempting to do something such as Jeannie learning to drive, Major Nelson arriving up the driveway, a monkey walking around, or reactions to Doctor Bellows. This theme featured the accompaniment of a sideshow organ, a trombone and bass guitar and was first introduced on the first episode of season 3 called "Fly Me to the Moon".

Opening sequence

The first few episodes after the pilot (specifically, episodes two through eight) used a non-animated, expository opening narrated by Paul Frees; NBC wanted Sidney Sheldon to assure viewers that the show's premise was strictly a "fantasy", and explain WHY Jeannie and Captain Nelson were living under the same roof without benefit of marriage (Sheldon finally insisted on the original title's reinstatement in episode nine). The animated opening, which was used in the pilot and from episode nine onward, was done by world-famous animator Friz Freleng, with the actual animation of the dancing Jeannie reportedly handled by Gerry Chiniquy; in reality, a Canadian animator, Marija Miletic Dail (then known as Maria Jursic) animated the original sequence. For the first color season, it was expanded to include footage of Captain Nelson's space capsule splashing down on the beach, and Jeannie dancing out of her bottle and kissing Nelson. In addition, the image of the bottle itself was modified to reflect its new decoration.

The bottle

  • Jeannie's famous bottle was not created for the show. The actual bottle was a special Christmas 1964 Jim Beam liquor decanter containing "Beam's Choice" bourbon whiskey. It was designed by Roy Kramer for the Wheaton Bottle Company.
  • For years, it was said that Sidney Sheldon received one as a gift and thought it would be a perfect design for the series. Several people in the Screen Gems art department also take credit for finding the bottle. There is strong evidence, however, that it was first season director Gene Nelson who saw one in a liquor store and bought it, bringing it to Sidney Sheldon.[citation needed]
  • Jeannie's bottle was left its original dark, smoke-green color, with a painted gold leaf pattern (to make it look like an antique), during the first season. The plot description of the pilot episode in TV Guide in September 1965 referred to it as a "green bottle". In that first episode, it also looked quite rough and weathered. Since the show was originally filmed in black and white, a lot of colors and patterns were not necessary. When the show switched to color, the prop people came up with a brightly colored bottle to replace the original.
  • The first season bottle had a clear glass stopper that Tony took from a 1956 Old Grand-Dad Bourbon bottle in his home, as the original stopper was left behind on the beach where Tony found Jeannie. In the first color episode, Jeannie returns to the beach, and her bottle is seen to have its original stopper (painted to match the bottle), presumably retrieved by her upon her return there. The rest of the TV series (and the movies) used the original bottle stopper. (During some close-ups, you can still see the plastic rings that hold the cork part of the stopper in place.)
  • During the first season, in black and white, the smoke effect was usually a screen overlay of billowing smoke, sometimes combined with animation. Early color episodes used a purely animated smoke effect. Sometime later a live smoke pack, lifted out of the bottle on a wire, was used.
  • Jeannie's color-episodes bottle was painted mainly in pinks and purples, while the bottle for the Blue Djinn was a first-season design with a heavy green wash; and Jeannie's sister's bottle was simply a plain, unpainted Jim Beam bottle.
  • No one knows exactly how many bottles were used during the show, but members of the production have estimated that twelve bottles were painted and used during the run of the series. The stunt bottle used mostly for the smoke effect was broken frequently by the heat and chemicals used to produce Jeannie's smoke. In the pilot episode, several bottles were used for the opening scene on the beach; one was drilled through the bottom for smoke, and another was used to walk across the sand and slip into Tony's pack. Two bottles were used from promotional tours to kick off the first season, and one bottle was used for the first-season production.
  • Barbara Eden got to keep the color stunt bottle used on the last day of filming the final episode of the television series. It was given to her by her make-up woman after the show was canceled while the show was on hiatus. As per the DVD release of the first season, Bill Daily owns an original bottle, and as per the Donny & Marie talk show, Larry Hagman also owns an original bottle.

Jeannie's origin

In the first season, it is made clear that Jeannie was originally a human who was turned into a genie by (as later revealed) the Blue Djinn when she refused to marry him. Several members of her family, including her parents, are rather eccentric, but none are genies. Her mother describes the family as "just peasants from the old country". (Note that the term "Djinn" is synonymous with "genie".)

The topic of Jeannie originally being human is restated in season two during the episode "How to be a Genie in 10 Easy Lessons". Jeannie does mention that she has a sister who is a genie, but the phrasing – "she was a genie when I left Baghdad" – does bring up the question of whether or not she too was born a genie.

In the third season, this continuity was changed retroactively and it is assumed that Jeannie has always been a genie. All her relatives are then also genies, including, by the fourth season, her mother (now also played by Barbara Eden). This may have been done to increase the similarity with "Bewitched", or simply to increase the number of possible plotlines. Whatever the reason, this new concept was retained for the rest of the series.

The 1985 TV movie I Dream of Jeannie: 15 Years Later reiterates most of Jeannie's first-season origin when she tells her son, Tony Jr., that she was trapped in her bottle by an evil djinn after she refused to marry him (There is no specific statement, however, about whether he turned her into a genie at that time or if she had been born one.)

In a 1966 paperback novel published by Pocket Books, very loosely based on the series, it was established in the story that Jeannie (in the book, her real name is revealed as "Fawzia") and her immediate family were genies living in Tehran hundreds of years before Tony found her bottle on an island in the Persian Gulf (instead of the South Pacific, as depicted on TV).

Other inconsistencies

  • In the pilot episode footage is used from a Mercury-Atlas launch to represent Tony being launched into orbit. But the recap at the beginning of episodes two to eight show a Gemini-Titan being launched. Later episodes of season one show Tony and Roger in a capsule very similar to a prototype Apollo spacecraft and another episode mentions Tony going on an Apollo near-Earth mission. However, these would be natural progressions from after the first launch.
  • Early on, Jeannie's budding movie career ended when she discovered that genies cannot be photographed, but four times in the middle of the series run Jeannie was successfully photographed. The original premise is reasserted for the actual wedding episode, in which the fact that people would be trying to take pictures of her was part of the storyline.
  • In a two-part episode, it was determined that Jeannie's birthday was April 1, 64 BC (which was a Thursday, according to the proleptic Gregorian calendar). However, in the fifth episode of the first season, "G.I. Jeannie", she stated that her birthday was July 1, 21 BC (a Tuesday). This is somewhat resolved by the understanding that she did not know her birthday until it was calculated in that later episode (many people who do not know their birthdays choose one for ceremonial or social purposes, which Jeannie could have done in choosing, or assuming, that date). In the same episode, she gives her place of birth as Pompeii. In the end, 64 B.C. is a more plausible year assuming she had been imprisoned in her bottle a full 2,000 years.
  • The end credits of the unaired version of the pilot episode list Larry Hagman as "Capt. Anthony Wilson". (This error was corrected in the episode that aired; however, when the pilot was repeated on TV Land during the 1990s, the final scene and end credits were lifted from the unaired version.) In fact, in the entire pilot episode there is no specific mention of Anthony's last name except when seen in a newspaper headline that reads "Nelson safe!".
  • While many sources and Jeannie fan sites refer to the aforementioned version of the pilot episode as unaired, this is actually a bit of a misnomer. This version of the pilot did air; it was part of the series package when the show first entered US syndication in the Fall of 1970. Additionally, the pilot episode aired on NBC only once, with no rerun throughout the original run of the series. NBC may have aired the original edit of the pilot, but this information remains unknown.
  • In the pilot, when rescued, Jeannie speaks Persian (not Arabic, as is often stated- this is because Sidney Sheldon was unable to find a tutor for Barbara Eden to learn Arabic phonetically, and had to settle for one who taught her Persian), and can only speak English after Tony wishes her to (and even then, she inexplicably speaks archaic English until she learns the modern form). Yet, whenever anyone from Jeannie's family show up, or she visits them, they speak perfect contemporary English. This might be accounted for in that we (the audience) hear English, but they are actually speaking Persian (or Arabic) to each other, a trick used quite often in movies and television.
  • Jeannie claims to come from Baghdad, and to be around 2000 years old. Yet, Baghdad was not founded until AD 762. In an earlier episode she claimed to be from Babylon (which is near present-day Baghdad).
  • In one early episode, before Roger knew about Jeannie, he was simply made to forget something "impossible" that he'd seen. In a different episode, after Roger has gotten himself into serious trouble while having control of Jeannie, she eventually resolves it by just rewinding time. Yet in later episodes, both of these easy escapes seem to be beyond her capabilities.
  • In one episode, Jeannie replicates a Rembrandt painting from the Louvre, so that the replica also appears to be 300 years old. In another episode, she takes back her 2000-year-old Bukistan slippers from an international exhibition causing a diplomatic emergency. However no one suggests she replicates the slippers.
  • Jeannie was supposedly held captive in her bottle for two thousand years, yet has had relationships with famous people throughout the ages (e.g. Omar Khayyam, Napoleon).
  • One episode asserts that genies are forbidden to marry mortals, while another claims that genies who marry mortals will lose their powers. However, when Tony and Jeannie's marriage actually takes place there are no objections amongst her kind nor any loss of her powers afterwards.
  • In early episodes the street address of Anthony Nelson's house was given as 1137 Oak Grove, but in the fourth season the address of the same house was stated as 1020 Palm Drive.
  • A crystal ball also shows a possible future: of the two children they have, the boy is mortal but the girl is a genie. In the movie made in 1985, they have one child, Tony Jr., who turns out to be a djinn. However, in the 1991 movie, Tony Jr.'s powers are inexplicably absent.
  • The bottle's interior design changed from the first season's Old World look of hanging lanterns and drapery to the color episodes' pillow-strewn pink decor.
  • In the pilot, Tony says that his mother lives in Salt Lake City (in Utah), but in subsequent episodes, his hometown (where his mother still lives) is said to be Bridgeport, Wisconsin.

Miscellaneous

  • Tony Nelson was a captain in the Air Force, while Roger Healey was a captain in the Army, shown clearly in color when Nelson wears a blue uniform and Healey wears a green one. Healey is in the Army Corps of Engineers, according to his lapel insignia, and wears Army pilot wings which are distinct from Nelson's Air Force pilot wings. There were no Army astronauts until the Space Shuttle program.[1] Healey is seen piloting the capsule in season 1. Both Healey and Nelson were promoted to major in a later episode of the first season, "How Lucky Can You Get?" [February 19, 1966]. Both were majors however, only Healey had the correct insignia the gold oak leaf, while Nelson had the silver oak leaf, the insignia of a Lt. Colonel (It may have been done on purpose, however. Federal regulations prohibit completely accurate depictions of military uniforms onscreen).
  • One time during the first season Jeannie called Healey "Captain" Healey while he was wearing his major's insignia.
  • Owing to network censorship, Barbara Eden was forbidden to bare her navel for the entire series run[citation needed], although it does slip out in several instances in the series.
  • In later seasons, Sidney Sheldon wrote under the pseudonyms Mark Rowane, Allan Devon, and Christopher Golato.

Comparison to actual NASA astronauts

I Dream of Jeannie's NASA differs from the real NASA in a number of ways:

  • The first-season pilot uses footage from an actual launch of a Project Gemini spacecraft (identifiable by its Titan II booster with twin rocket engines), and this footage also appears in the opening title sequence for some early first-season episodes. However, the pilot storyline has Tony as the only crew member of the craft, which would imply it must have been a Project Mercury mission, since all crewed Gemini spacecraft were flown with two crew members. The cartoon spacecraft shown in the opening titles of later seasons appears to be a one-man spacecraft bearing some resemblance to Project Mercury (1961 – May 1963), but during the series' run, the two-man Project Gemini (1965–1966) and three-man Project Apollo (1967–1975) craft were flying. In fact, Tony was shown on the series to fly all three of these craft, as well as the Space Shuttle (if the TV movies are counted). Several real astronauts did make second and third flights. Wally Schirra was the only astronaut to fly on the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo spacecraft (Mercury Sigma 7, Gemini 6, and Apollo 7). Charles Conrad, James Lovell, Thomas Stafford, and John Young each flew two Gemini missions; 15 astronauts made both Gemini and Apollo flights during the series' five-year run.
  • I Dream of Jeannie's NASA was depicted as far more military-oriented than the real NASA. Nelson and Healey wore their uniforms at all times. Virtually all the NASA characters were portrayed as active duty military personnel and commanders and Jeannie's NASA was governed along a strict military hierarchy. In real life, NASA did not operate in this manner.
  • Both Major Nelson and Major Healy are portrayed as swinging bachelors. However, NASA frowned upon unmarried astronauts.[citation needed] The first bachelor in space was Jack Swigert on Apollo 13 in April of 1970.
  • Tony lives in Cocoa Beach, near Cape Canaveral in Florida, however upon completion of the Manned Spaceflight Center (now known as the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center) in Houston, astronaut training, including flight simulation and familiarization with equipment used on missions, was moved to the Texas outpost along with Mission Control and therefore the astronauts lived in Houston (namely, the Timber Cove subdivision, a short 15 minutes from the NASA base).
  • Tony drives a Pontiac GTO; however, during the 1960's the astronauts were "leased" Corvettes by the government for $1/ a year- these were often actually "officially" leased to their wives to avoid scandal.

References in popular culture

Television

  • On an episode of Gilmore Girls, Lorelai crosses her elbows and nods her head in imitation of Jeannie, as a response to Rory's request.
  • On an episode of Seinfeld, George walks into Jerry's apartment without being heard. When Jerry asks how he got in, George sarcastically crosses his arms and blinks, just like Jeannie.
  • In an episode of Perfect Strangers, Larry is concerned that Balki is becoming addicted to cable television. Harriette asks whether Balki has started singing the I Dream of Jeannie theme. Larry says, "I'm not sure I'd recognize it," and right on cue, Balki descends the Chicago Chronicle stairs singing and dancing the theme.
  • One episode of the show Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius was called "I Dream of Jimmy"; the title card evoked I Dream of Jeannie's logo.
  • On an episode of American Dreams titled "California Dreamin'", which takes place in the spring of 1966, Meg and Roxanne go to Los Angeles and visit the set of I Dream of Jeannie. They see the large version of Jeannie's bottle and meet Barbara Eden (played by Paris Hilton) in her Jeannie outfit.
  • The soap opera As the World Turns did a mini-spoof of I Dream of Jeannie called "I Dream of Carly" as a part of their 50th anniversary celebration on March 30, 2006. Character Jack Snyder played Tony and Carly Snyder played Jeannie.
  • On the Adult Swim animated series Robot Chicken, I Dream of Jeannie was spoofed in a short segment of the episode "Celebrity Rocket". In the segment, Jeannie is shown apologizing to an irritated-looking Major Nelson for causing problems in his life again, then disappearing into her bottle. In retaliation for what she did to him, Major Nelson shakes her bottle vigorously while she is still inside it.
  • The 'genie-in-a-bottle' premise was parodied in the Charmed episode "I Dream of Phoebe", where the original genie is imprisoned in the bottle by a sorcerer in retaliation for not returning his feelings.
  • Family Guy episode "The Griffin Family History": In the "Big Bang Theory" scene, Peter Griffin is "obligated by the state of Kansas to present the Church's alternative to the theory of Evolution". The screen pans to the right and shows Jeannie walking out of the water and creating things (animals, Jesus, Santa Claus, a business man and gas pumps). Afterward, the animals, humans, and Jeannie finish the scene by doing a short dance.
  • In a Roseanne episode, there is a short spoof on I Dream of Jeannie, with Roseanne as Jeannie and her husband Dan as Major Nelson.
  • In an episode of That '70s Show the cast argues in the basement over whose powers are better: Jeannie, or Samantha from Bewitched, Donna also calls Major Nelson's sexuality into question because "Any guy who's got a nalf-naked genie is getting her doing more than his laundry". In another episode, Kelso has a dream in which he is the Major and Jackie is Jeannie.
  • In an episode of The Simpsons, Homer tries to overcome his attraction to new coworker Mindy Simmons by imagining Barney dancing in a bikini while vocalizing the I Dream of Jeannie theme. In a Halloween special, Homer is dressed as Jeannie while trick or treating.
  • On an episode of Good Eats titled "Urban Preservation II: The Jerky", the character of "W" plays the part of Jeannie — complete with Jeannie costume — as she explains about dehydration and dehydrators.
  • An episode of Beavis and Butt-head entitled "I Dream of Beavis" shows them with a dead mouse in a bottle, with them believing that there is a genie inside. They have also sung the theme music during one video review.
  • A couple episodes of the TV series of Disney's Aladdin feature a pretty, female genie named "Eden", who inhabits a tall bottle.
  • In the Johnny Bravo episode "I Dream of Johnny", Johnny finds a beautiful genie who grants him three wishes.
  • Several episodes of Weird Science reference I Dream of Jeannie (the show is also deliberately similar, not only in the story of a beautiful female genie but in the way it characterizes the male leads). In one episode, a guest character (played by Emma Caulfield) steals Lisa and forces her to dress in the costume Barbara Eden wore.
  • An episode of The Sopranos was titled "I Dream of Jeannie Cusamano"
  • One episode of The Monkees ("Spy Who Came In From the Cool") features a Jeannie look-alike, who appears after Davy Jones rubs a lamp. "Jeannie" says "Do not worry, Master. Your Jeannie will help you." Davy reacts by saying "Imagine that. Wrong show," and walks away. Both shows ran concurrently on NBC.
  • In a seventh season episode of The X-Files entitled, "Je Souhaite" (French for "I Wish"), Fox Mulder briefly becomes the master of a female genie. When questioning a man who previously possessed the genie, Mulder mimics Jeannie's dance and sings the "I Dream of Jeannie" theme song.
  • In an Episode of "Pucca" episode "Prince Not So Charming" Towards the end of the episode Garu is dumped on a deserted island, and a bottle floats in the ocean. Garu finally picks up the bottle, and opens it as pucca pops out in Jennie form while chasing Garu around the island trying to kiss him.
  • In the supernatural teen sitcom, Wizards of Waverly Place, there is a recurring character named Jenny Majorheily, an obvious reference to Bill Daily's character. The series has also featured a similar reference to Larry Tate of Bewitched, another sitcom featuring supernatural characters. In addition, the first season episode entitled, "Justin's Little Sister," features a blond genie who wears a costume reminiscent of Barbara Eden's costume (however, this genie resides in a lamp rather than a bottle).
  • In the Friends episode 'The one with the Dozen Lasagnas', Ross starts humming the theme song but is interrupted by Chandler, who says "We're done." The group, sitting in Central Perk, had earlier hummed the theme of The Odd Couple together. The theme song is also mentioned in 'The one with the Baby Shower' when Joey asks Ross to identify the tune, though ironically he has difficulty in doing so.
  • An episode of The Fairly OddParents, when Timmy traps Norm on the vacuum, he says that he can't escape from 3 things, one of them says "The charm of Barbara Eden" making reference to the actress in I Dream of Jeannie.
  • During The Bob Newhart Show 19th Anniversary, Bill Daily's character Howard Borden said he once dreamt he was an astronaut in Florida for five years, a reference to Jeannie and the series finale of Newhart.

Movies

  • Half Baked features a music video by "Sir Smoke-A-Lot" (Dave Chappelle) where he demands weed from a genie in a bottle. (The genie was a cameo by the director of Half Baked, Tamra Davis.)
  • I Dream of Jenna (starring porn-queen Jenna Jameson) is the title of a pornographic film based on a lurid premise of the series.
  • In the pornographic film Witches of Breastwick 2, Nicole Sheridan plays a genie who acts like and wears the Barbara Eden outfit from I Dream of Jeannie
  • There is also another pornographic film parody called I Dream of Farrah starring porn star Farrah.
  • In Ferris Bueller's Day Off, Ferris dances to the theme song of I Dream of Jeannie imitating the opening credits.
  • Barbara Eden appears as Jeannie at the end of A Very Brady Sequel, saying she is Mike Brady's first wife.
  • In Return to Halloweentown, Marnie uses Jeannie's 'blink' to try to open the box. Also, the character Aneesa is a genie that uses the pink smoke effect to enter and leave her lamp.

Music

  • Philadelphia punk rock band Dead Milkmen have a song called "I Dream of Jesus", in which the singer's mother finds Jesus who is trapped inside a bottle. The song appears on the 1993 album Not Richard, but Dick.
  • The song "Girls Ain't Nothing but Trouble" by Fresh Prince and DJ Jazzy Jeff released in 1986 samples the I Dream of Jeannie theme song.
  • Ice Cream T sampled the theme song for her 1988 single "Guys Ain't Nothing But Trouble" in response to DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince's earlier single.
  • Dimples D. sampled the theme song for her single "Sucker DJs" in 1990.
  • Timbaland sampled the theme song on "Wit' Yo' Bad Self" from his 1998 album Tim's Bio: Life from da Bassment.
  • The song "Jeannie's Diner" By Mark Davis and Marilyn E Whitelaw, a parody of Suzanne Vega's "Tom's Diner" released in 1991, recounts the tale of Barbara Eden's Jeannie, and includes a sample of the theme song. Vega would include the song on a compilation album known as "Tom's Album," and Nick-at-Nite used the song to promote its airing the show during the 1990s.
  • UK band Johnny Foreigner sample the theme song on the song "Cranes and Cranes and Cranes and Cranes" from their 2008 album Waited Up 'til It Was Light.

Merchandising

  • Over the past ten years, merchandise based on the series has been produced including numerous dolls, ceramic pieces, lunchboxes, board games, and a series of Instant Scratchit cards.
  • Dell Comics published its first comic book issue of the series in April, 1966. Issue number two was released in December, 1966. Airwave Comics produced a version in 2001.
  • Pocket Books published a paperback novel (credited to "Dennis Brewster") loosely based on the series in early 1966, with Barbara Eden featured as Jeannie on the cover.
  • The first I Dream of Jeannie board game was produced by Milton Bradley in 1965. A German version of the game was released in 1971. Another I Dream of Jeannie board game was released by University Games Corporation in 1997.
  • Libby made a 20" doll in 1966. Remco produced a Jeannie poseable doll in 1977. Mattel made a fashion doll of Jeannie and her evil sister, Jeannie, in 1996, followed by a Jeannie version of Barbie in 2001.
  • After releasing the entire series on separate season sets, Sony Pictures released the complete series in a box resembling Jeannie's bottle.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ NASA Astronaut Fact Book, January, 2005.

References

External links


I Dream of Jeannie
Format Sitcom / Fantasy
Created by Sidney Sheldon
Directed by Gene Nelson
Hal Cooper
Claudio Guzman
Starring Barbara Eden
Larry Hagman
Bill Daily
Hayden Rorke
Emmaline Henry
Opening theme "Jeannie"
Ending theme "Jeannie"
Composer(s) Richard Wess
Hugo Montenegro
Nelson Riddle
Van Alexander
Sonny Burke
Country of origin United States
Language(s) English
No. of seasons 5
No. of episodes 139 (List of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s) Sidney Sheldon (1967–1970)
Producer(s) Sidney Sheldon (1965–1967)
Claudio Guzman (1967–1970)
Editor(s) William Martin
Location(s) Sunset Gower Studios
Warner Bros. Ranch (originally Columbia Ranch)
Cinematography Frederick Gately
Fred Jackman
Robert Tobey
Lothrop Worth
Running time 25 minutes per episode
Production company(s) Sidney Sheldon Productions
Screen Gems
Distributor Sony Pictures Television
Broadcast
Original channel NBC
Picture format 35mm film
B&W (Season 1)
Color (Seasons 2 – 5)
Audio format Monaural
Original run September 18, 1965 – May 26, 1970
Chronology
Followed by I Dream of Jeannie: 15 Years Later
I Still Dream of Jeannie
Related shows Jeannie

I Dream of Jeannie is a 1960s American sitcom with a fantasy premise. The show starred Barbara Eden as a 2000-year-old female genie, and Larry Hagman as an astronaut who becomes her master, with whom she falls in love and eventually marries. Produced by Screen Gems, the show originally aired from September 1965 to May 1970 with new episodes, and through September 1970 with season repeats, on NBC. The show ran for five seasons and produced 139 episodes. The first season consisted of 30 episodes filmed in black and white. The other 109 episodes were filmed in color. The show has continued to air in reruns ever since, currently airing in the United States on WGN America, on GO! in Australia and on Sony Entertainment Television (India) and Zee Cafe in India.[citation needed]

Contents

Show history

Original run

The series was created and produced by Sidney Sheldon in response to the great success of rival network ABC's Bewitched series, which had debuted in 1964 as the second most watched program in the United States. Sheldon, inspired by the movie The Brass Bottle, which had starred Tony Randall, Barbara Eden, and Burl Ives as the genie Fakrash, came up with the idea for a beautiful female genie. Both I Dream of Jeannie and Bewitched were Screen Gems productions. The show debuted at 8:00 pm (EDT), Saturday, September 18, 1965, on NBC.

When casting was opened for the role of Jeannie, Sidney Sheldon could not find an actress who could play the role the way that he had written it. He did have one specific rule: he did not want a blonde genie because there would be too much similarity with the blonde witch on Bewitched. However, after many unsuccessful auditions, he called Barbara Eden's agent.

In most episodes, Eden wears her revealing "Jeannie" costume (created by veteran Hollywood costume designer Gwen Wakeling). Censors allowed her to be depicted living in a house with an unmarried man (because early episodes made it plain that she slept in her bottle) but would not permit Eden's navel to be seen. (In one scene midway through a season four episode entitled "The Case of My Vanishing Master, Part 2", Jeannie's waistband slips below her navel. It was also seen briefly during the third season episode "Meet My Master's Mother", and season five's "Mrs. Djinn-Djinn".) The makers of the series were also presented with the situation of filming around Eden's real-life pregnancy during the first eleven episodes of the first season, without writing it into the storyline. She wore veils to hide her stomach, and as her pregnancy progressed, they began to use body doubles and filmed Eden only above the waist, though her belly is visible in some profile shots.

When NBC began telecasting most of its prime time television programs in color in the fall of 1965, Jeannie was the one of two regular programs on NBC that remained in black and white, in this case because of the special photographic effects employed to achieve Jeannie's magic. By the second season, however, further work had been done on techniques to create the visual effects in color, necessary because by 1966 all US prime time series were being made in color.

According to the book Dreaming of Jeannie by Stephen Cox and Howard Frank, series producer Sidney Sheldon originally wanted to film season one in color but NBC did not want to pay for the extra expense because they (and Screen Gems) believed the series would not make it to a second season. According to Sheldon in his autobiography The Other Side Of Me, he offered to pay the extra $400 an episode needed for color filming at the beginning of the series, but Screen Gems executive Jerry Hyams advised him, "Sidney, don't throw your money away".

Syndication

Despite the series being scheduled on a different night and time period each season it was originally in production, it was a moderate success on NBC. During its five-year run, I Dream Of Jeannie didn't even come close to approaching the same success that Bewitched had achieved in the Nielsen ratings. It didn't even crack the top 25. However, its ratings were respectable. In its first season (1965-66), it ranked #28 and in its fourth year (1968-69), it ended the season in 26th place. By the start of the fifth season, Eden, Hagman, and Sheldon were tired and wanted to end the series, but agreed to do one last year in which Jeannie and Tony were finally married. I Dream Of Jeannie ended its prime-time run on NBC on September 1, 1970, thereby guaranteeing five years of episodes for syndication which proved to be very profitable for Screen Gems, the television subsidiary of Columbia Pictures.

The show's popularity really exploded in the fall of 1971 when the series began playing in syndication. In reruns, it became one of the highest-rated series during the 1970s. For example, when the reruns debuted on New York's WPIX, Jeannie won its time period with a 13 rating and a 23 share of the audience (Variety, October 6, 1971). The series averaged a 14 share and 32 share of the audience when WTTG in Washington, D.C. began airing the series (Variety, September 22, 1971). Across the board, the series was reaching a bigger audience in syndication than on NBC. According to the October 6, 1971 edition of Variety, it was the first off-network series to best network competition in the ratings: "The big switch no doubt representing the first time in rating history that indies (local stations) have knocked over the network stations in a primetime slot was promoted by WPIX's premiere of the off-web Jeannie reruns back to back from 7 to 8 p.m." The show continues to have a cult following today.

As of February 2009, the show can be viewed in the US on WGN America, downloaded on iTunes, or streamed for free in the US on Hulu, IMDb, and Minisodes. Full length episodes are available on Crackle.

In September 2008, the show began to air in the US on WGN America. Previous cable television syndication had been on WTBS throughout the 1980s and 1990s, Nick at Nite in the 1990s, the Hallmark Channel from 2001 to 2003, and TV Land from 2003 to 2006 and is expected to return to TV Land in October. [1]

I Dream Of Jeannie also airs on Living TV in the United Kingdom on weekends.

Animated series

Hanna-Barbera Productions produced an animated series Jeannie from September 1973 to 1975, which featured Jeannie (voiced by Julie McWhirter) and genie-in-training Babu (voiced by former Three Stooges star Joe Besser) as the servants of Corry Anders, a high-school student (voiced by Mark Hamill).

Reunion films and appearances

There were two reunion movies, both televised on NBC: I Dream of Jeannie: 15 Years Later (1985) and I Still Dream of Jeannie (1991). Hagman refused to appear in the first reunion movie, reportedly because of a payment dispute, so Wayne Rogers played the role of Tony Nelson. When it came time to film the second reunion, Barbara Eden asked Hagman to join her. However, as she told Geraldo Rivera in a 1991 interview, Hagman was just coming off a 13-year run on Dallas and was taking a vacation. Eden expressed her disappointment, as a year earlier, she had obliged Hagman by appearing on a few episodes of Dallas, playing a former lover out for revenge. Tony Nelson was written out of the 2nd movie, with his character being away on an extended mission.

In November, 1999, the cast was brought together for the official I Dream of Jeannie reunion on the Donny & Marie daytime talk show. For the first time in 29 years, Barbara Eden, Larry Hagman, Bill Daily, and even the creator and producer Sidney Sheldon reunited on the one-hour show that was filled with memories and clips from I Dream of Jeannie.

In 2002, when I Dream of Jeannie was set to join the cable channel TV Land, once again there was an I Dream of Jeannie reunion, this time on the Larry King Live show for CNN. For the first time ever, fans of I Dream of Jeannie were able to call in and talk to the cast.

Rumors of a big screen treatment of I Dream of Jeannie have circulated around Hollywood for years. Jessica Alba, Halle Berry, Amanda Bynes, Jessica Simpson, Mandy Moore, Paris Hilton, Keira Knightley, Valeria Mazza, Parminder Nagra, Reese Witherspoon, Jenna Elfman, Lindsay Lohan, and Lisa Kudrow have been considered for the part of Jeannie. Jimmy Fallon, Will Ferrell, Steve Carell, Will Smith, and James Marsden have all been considered for the role of Major Nelson. The latest news is that Columbia Pictures is in pre-production for a feature film version of I Dream of Jeannie, the date of release now pushed back to 2012 with no defined script, cast, or director.

According to some sources, writer/director Gurinder Chadha, who had been set to direct the remake, lost the job because of her lack of knowledge of the show and its initial success.[citation needed] Chadha suggested a possible storyline which would be somewhat darker than the original series, with Jeannie as a headstrong girl who is punished for becoming a soldier by being imprisoned in a bottle as a genie (she pitched her proposed film as being "a male action film with a female lead"). As Columbia Pictures began to see the direction Chadha was going, it is rumored they cancelled that idea and told her to create a storyline more closely relating to the original show. Upon her inability to do so, Columbia released Chadha from her contract.[citation needed]

Cast

Regulars

Recurring characters

  • Brig. Gen. Wingard Stone (1965) – Philip Ober (eliminated from the story after the fourth episode)
  • Maj. Gen. Martin Peterson (1965–1969) — Barton MacLane
  • Maj. Gen. Winfield Schaeffer (1969–1970) — Vinton Hayworth
  • Jeannie's sister (also named Jeannie and officially known to NBC as "Jeannie II"; in recent closed-captioning her name is spelled "Jeaney" to make it distinct) (1967–1969) — Barbara Eden
  • Jeannie's (and Jeaney's) mother — Barbara Eden (Fourth season) (In the first season Jeannie's mother was also played by Florence Sundstrom and Lurene Tuttle)
  • Haji (the "chief of all the genies") (1966, mention, to 1968) – Abraham Sofaer

Additional appearances

Story

Main article: List of I Dream of Jeannie episodes (including DVD and VHS release information).
File:Genie
Tony opens the bottle he finds on the beach (colorized).

In the pilot episode, "The Lady in the Bottle", astronaut Captain Tony Nelson, US Air Force, is on a space flight when his one-man capsule Stardust One comes down far from the planned recovery area, near a deserted island in the South Pacific. On the beach, Tony notices a strange bottle that rolls by itself. When he rubs it after removing the stopper, smoke starts shooting out and a Persian-speaking female genie (wearing an enticing harem costume) materializes and kisses Tony on the lips with passion, shocking him. (In the second season's animated opening, it's a kiss on the cheek and Tony is happy to receive it).

They cannot understand each other until Tony expresses his wish that Jeannie (a homophone of genie) could speak English, which she then does. Then, per his instructions, she "blinks" and causes a recovery helicopter to show up to rescue Tony, who is so grateful that he tells her she's free. But Jeannie, who has fallen in love with Tony at first sight after being trapped for 2000 years, re-enters her bottle and places it in Tony's duffel bag so she can accompany him back home. One of the first things Jeannie does, in a subsequent episode, is break up Tony's engagement to his commanding general's daughter, who, along with that particular general, is never seen again. (This event reflects producer Sidney Sheldon's decision that the engagement depicted in the pilot episode would not be part of the series continuity; he realized the romantic triangle he created between Jeannie, "Master" and Melissa Stone wouldn't pan out in the long run.)

Tony at first keeps Jeannie in her bottle most of the time, but finally relents and allows her to enjoy a life of her own. However, "her" life is devoted mostly to his, and most of their problems stem from her love and affection towards "Master", and her desire to "please" him and fulfill her ancient heritage as a genie – especially when he doesn't want her to do so. His efforts to cover up Jeannie's antics brings him to the attention of NASA's resident psychiatrist, US Air Force Colonel Dr. Alfred Bellows. In a running gag, Dr. Bellows tries over and over to prove to his superiors that Tony is either crazy or hiding something, but he is always foiled ("He's done it to me, again") and Tony's job remains secure.

Tony's best friend and fellow astronaut, US Army Captain Roger Healey, doesn't know about Jeannie for several episodes – when he finds out (in the episode "The Richest Astronaut In the Whole Wide World" [January 15, 1966]), he steals her so he can live in luxury. It's not long though before Tony reclaims his status as Jeannie's master. Roger continues to demonstrate his desire to use Jeannie's powers for his own "selfish" benefit, but for the most part he respects Tony's status as Jeannie's master. Both Tony and Roger are promoted to the rank of major late in the first season.

Jeannie's sister, mentioned in a second-season episode (and also named Jeannie), proves to have a mean streak starting in the third season (demonstrated in her initial appearance in "Jeannie or the Tiger?" [September 19, 1967]), repeatedly trying to steal Tony for herself, with her as the real "master". Her final attempt in the series comes right after Tony and Jeannie get married, with a ploy involving a man played by Barbara Eden's real-life husband at the time, Michael Ansara (in a kind of in-joke, while Jeannie's sister pretends to be attracted to him, she privately scoffs at him).

Early in the fifth season [September 30, 1969], Jeannie is called upon by her Uncle Sully (Jackie Coogan) to become queen of their family's native country, Basenji. Tony inadvertently gives grave offense to Basenji national pride in their feud with neighboring Kasja. To regain favor, Tony is required by Sully to marry Jeannie, and avenge Basenji's honor by killing the ambassador from Kasja when he visits NASA. After Sully puts Tony through an ordeal of nearly killing the ambassador, Tony responds in a fit of anger that he is fed up with Sully and his cohorts, and that he wouldn't marry Jeannie if she were "the last genie on earth". Hearing this, Jeannie bitterly leaves Tony, and returns to Basenji. With Jeannie gone, Tony realizes how deeply he loves her, and that that outweighs all concerns he has had about Jeannie's threat to his career. He flies to Basenji to win Jeannie back, and upon their return to NASA, Tony introduces Jeannie as his fiancée. The two get married several weeks later. The public introduction of Jeannie heralds a change in the series continuity: the secret is no longer Jeannie's existence, but merely that she possesses magical powers.

Sidney Sheldon and the cast fought against the marriage, feeling it would ruin the sexual tension between the two. Despite the series finishing its fourth season in 26th place, NBC was going to cancel the program if Jeannie and Tony did not wed [Sheldon later referred to the network's ultimatum as "blackmail"]. For the fifth season (1969–70), NBC moved the series to a weak time slot (Tuesday at 7:30 p.m. Eastern/Pacific Time) where it had had mediocre ratings during its third season (1967–68). Jeannie and Tony wed, NBC got lots of press, and then canceled the series.

Multi-part story arcs

On several occasions, multi-part story arcs were created to serve as backgrounds for national contests. During the second season, in a story that is the focus of a two-part episode and a peripheral plot of two further episodes [the "Guess Jeannie's Birthday" contest began with the opening two-part episode on November 14, 1966, concluding with the name of the winner revealed after the end of the fourth episode, "My Master, the Great Caruso", on December 5], it was established that Jeannie did not know her birthday, and her family members could not agree when it was either (2,000 years being a long time to remember such a thing). Tony and Roger use NASA's powerful new computer and horoscopic guidance based on Jeannie's traits to calculate it. The year is quickly established as 64 B.C., but only Roger is privy to the exact date, and he decides to make a game out of revealing it. This date became the basis of the contest. Jeannie finally forces it out of him in the fourth episode: April 1.

In a third-season four-part episode (entitled "Genie, Genie, Who's Got the Genie?" [January 16- February 6, 1968]), Jeannie is locked in a safe bound for the moon, and any attempt to force the safe or use the wrong combination will destroy the safe with an explosive. Jeannie is in there so long (four weeks) that whoever opens the safe will become her master. The episodes spread out over a month, during which the contest was held to guess the safe's combination. This explains why Larry Hagman is never seen actually saying the combination out loud...his mouth is hidden behind the safe, or the shot is on Jeannie when he says it. The actual combination was not decided until just before the episode aired, with Hagman's voice dubbed in. Over the closing credits, Barbara Eden announced and congratulated the contest winner. The combination: 4–9–7. [1]

In the fourth season, a two-part episode, "The Case Of My Vanishing Master" [January 6–13, 1969], concerned Tony being taken to a secret location somewhere in the world, while a perfect double took his place at home (and was flabbergasted by the magical Jeannie he encountered there!) The contest was held to guess the location to which Tony had been taken. Unlike earlier contests, the answer was not revealed within the story. However, there was a special "contest epilogue" (which was never repeated in syndication) seen at the end of "Invisible House For Sale" [February 3, 1969] where Jeannie and Tony revealed to the audience the "secret location" was actually Puerto Rico, followed by the name of the "Grand Prize Winner".

Setting

Although the series was set in and around Cape Kennedy, Florida, and Nelson lived in nearby Cocoa Beach, the exterior of building where he and Healey had offices was actually the main building at the Dryden Flight Research Center at Edwards Air Force Base, north of Los Angeles;[2] and other California locales were used in place of Florida ones, according to Bill Daily. "If you look at some of those old [episodes], it's supposed to be shot in Cocoa Beach but in the background you have mountains — the Hollywood Hills," Daily said.[3]

The cast and crew only made two visits to Florida's Space Coast, both in 1969. On June 27, a parade in Cocoa Beach escorted Eden and the rest of the cast to Cocoa Beach City Hall, where she was greeted by fans and city officials. They were then taken to LC-43 at Cape Canaveral where she pressed a button to launch a Loki-Dart weather rocket. They had dinner at Bernard's Surf, where Eden was given the state of Florida's Commodore Award for outstanding acting. Later the entourage went to Lee Caron's Carnival Club where Eden was showered with gifts and kissed astronaut Buzz Aldrin on the cheek, just two weeks before the Apollo 11 launch.[4][[File:|right|thumb|180px|I Dream of Jeannie Lane sign in Cocoa Beach, Fla.]]

The crew and cast returned on November 25, 1969 for three days for a mock wedding of Eden and Hagman staged for television writers from around the nation (timed to the airing of the nuptials episode on December 2) at the Patrick Air Force Base Officers Club.[5] Florida Governor Claude Kirk attended and cut the cake for the couple.[6]

Eden returned 27 years later, in July 1996, as a featured speaker for Space Days at the Kennedy Space Center, and was presented a street sign (later installed on a short street off A1A near Lori Wilson Park) bearing the name, "I Dream of Jeannie Lane", by Cocoa Beach Mayor Joe Morgan.[7] More recently, Cocoa Beach has been embracing the fame it garnered from Jeannie. On September 15, 2005, the area held a "We Dream of Jeannie" festival, including a Jeannie lookalike contest. There had been plans for one in 2004, but it was interrupted by Hurricane Frances and Hurricane Jeanne. However, a Jeannie lookalike contest was held in 2004, with Bill Daily attending.

Theme music

The first season theme music was an instrumental jazz waltz written by Richard Wess; eventually, Sidney Sheldon became dissatisfied with Wess' theme and musical score.[citation needed] From the second season on, it was replaced by a new theme entitled "Jeannie", composed by Hugo Montenegro with lyrics by Buddy Kaye. Episode 20 and 25 used a re-recorded ending of "Jeannie" for the closing credits with new, longer drum breaks and a different closing riff. The lyrics were never used in the show

In the third and fourth season of the show another instrumental theme (by Hugo Montenegro) was also introduced that was played during the show's campy scenes. Simply titled "Mischief", the theme would be heard mainly on outdoor locations, showing the characters attempting to do something such as Jeannie learning to drive, Major Nelson arriving up the driveway, a monkey walking around, or reactions to Doctor Bellows. This theme featured the accompaniment of a sideshow organ, a trombone and electric bass and was first introduced on the first episode of season 3 called "Fly Me to the Moon".[citation needed]

Opening sequence

The first few episodes after the pilot (specifically, episodes two through eight) used a non-animated, expository opening narrated by Paul Frees; NBC wanted Sidney Sheldon to assure viewers that the show's premise was strictly a "fantasy", and explain WHY Jeannie and Captain Nelson were living under the same roof without benefit of marriage (Sheldon finally insisted on the original title's reinstatement in episode nine). The animated opening, which was used in the pilot and from episode nine onward, was done by world-famous animator Friz Freleng, with the actual animation of the dancing Jeannie reportedly handled by Gerry Chiniquy; in reality, a Canadian animator, Marija Miletic Dail (then known as Maria Jursic) animated the original sequence. For the first color season, it was expanded to include footage of Captain Nelson's space capsule splashing down on the beach, and Jeannie dancing out of her bottle and kissing Nelson. In addition, the image of the bottle itself was modified to reflect its new decoration.

The bottle

  • Jeannie's famous bottle was not created for the show. The actual bottle was a special Christmas 1964 Jim Beam liquor decanter containing "Beam's Choice" bourbon whiskey. It was designed by Roy Kramer for the Wheaton Bottle Company.
  • For years, it was said that Sidney Sheldon received one as a gift and thought it would be a perfect design for the series. Several people in the Screen Gems art department also take credit for finding the bottle. There is strong evidence, however, that it was first season director Gene Nelson who saw one in a liquor store and bought it, bringing it to Sidney Sheldon.[citation needed]
  • Jeannie's bottle was left its original dark, smoke-green color, with a painted gold leaf pattern (to make it look like an antique), during the first season. The plot description of the pilot episode in TV Guide in September 1965 referred to it as a "green bottle". In that first episode, it also looked quite rough and weathered. Since the show was originally filmed in black and white, a lot of colors and patterns were not necessary. When the show switched to color, the prop people came up with a brightly colored bottle to replace the original.
  • The first season bottle had a clear glass stopper that Tony took from a 1956 Old Grand-Dad Bourbon bottle in his home, as the original stopper was left behind on the beach where Tony found Jeannie. In the first color episode, Jeannie returns to the beach, and her bottle is seen to have its original stopper (painted to match the bottle), presumably retrieved by her upon her return there. The rest of the TV series (and the movies) used the original bottle stopper. (During some close-ups, you can still see the plastic rings that hold the cork part of the stopper in place.)
  • During the first season, in black and white, the smoke effect was usually a screen overlay of billowing smoke, sometimes combined with animation. Early color episodes used a purely animated smoke effect. Sometime later a live smoke pack, lifted out of the bottle on a wire, was used.
  • Jeannie's color-episodes bottle was painted mainly in pinks and purples, while the bottle for the Blue Djinn was a first-season design with a heavy green wash; and Jeannie's sister's bottle was simply a plain, unpainted Jim Beam bottle.
  • No one knows exactly how many bottles were used during the show, but members of the production have estimated that twelve bottles were painted and used during the run of the series. The stunt bottle used mostly for the smoke effect was broken frequently by the heat and chemicals used to produce Jeannie's smoke. In the pilot episode, several bottles were used for the opening scene on the beach; one was drilled through the bottom for smoke, and another was used to walk across the sand and slip into Tony's pack. Two bottles were used from promotional tours to kick off the first season, and one bottle was used for the first-season production.
  • Barbara Eden got to keep the color stunt bottle used on the last day of filming the final episode of the television series. It was given to her by her make-up woman after the show was canceled while the show was on hiatus. As per the DVD release of the first season, Bill Daily owns an original bottle, and as per the Donny & Marie talk show, Larry Hagman also owns an original bottle.

Jeannie's origin

In the first season, it is made clear that Jeannie was originally a human who was turned into a genie by (as later revealed) the Blue Djinn when she refused to marry him. Several members of her family, including her parents, are rather eccentric, but none are genies. Her mother describes the family as "just peasants from the old country". (Note that the term "Djinn" is synonymous with "genie".)

The topic of Jeannie originally being human is restated in season two during the episode, "How to be a Genie in 10 Easy Lessons". Jeannie mentions that she has a sister who is a genie, but the phrasing – "she was a genie when I left Baghdad" – does bring up the question of whether she too was born a genie.

In the third season, this continuity was changed retroactively and it was assumed that Jeannie has always been a genie. All her relatives are then also genies, including, by the fourth season, her mother (now also played by Barbara Eden). This may have been done to increase the similarity with "Bewitched", or simply to increase the number of possible plotlines. Whatever the reason, this new concept was retained for the rest of the series.

The 1985 TV movie I Dream of Jeannie: 15 Years Later reiterates most of Jeannie's first-season origin when she tells her son, Tony Jr., that she was trapped in her bottle by an evil djinn after she refused to marry him. (There is no specific statement, however, about whether he turned her into a genie at that time or if she had been born one.)

In a 1966 paperback novel published by Pocket Books, very loosely based on the series, it was established in the story that Jeannie (in the book, her real name is revealed as "Fawzia") and her immediate family were genies living in Tehran hundreds of years before Tony found her bottle on an island in the Persian Gulf (instead of the South Pacific, as depicted on TV).

Other inconsistencies

  • In the pilot episode footage is used from a Mercury-Atlas launch to represent Tony being launched into orbit. But the recap at the beginning of episodes two to eight show a Gemini-Titan being launched. Later episodes of season one show Tony and Roger in a capsule very similar to a prototype Apollo spacecraft and another episode mentions Tony going on an Apollo near-Earth mission. However, these would be natural progressions from after the first launch.
  • Early on, Jeannie's budding movie career ended when she discovered that genies cannot be photographed, but four times in the middle of the series run, Jeannie was successfully photographed. The original premise is reasserted for the actual wedding episode, in which the fact that people would be trying to take pictures of her was part of the storyline.
  • In a two-part episode, it was determined that Jeannie's birthday was April 1, 64 BC (which was a Thursday, according to the proleptic Gregorian calendar). However, in the fifth episode of the first season, "G.I. Jeannie", she stated that her birthday was July 1, 21 BC (a Tuesday). This is somewhat resolved by the understanding that she did not know her birthday until it was calculated in that later episode. In the same episode, she gives her place of birth as Pompeii. In the end, 64 B.C. is a more plausible year assuming she had been imprisoned in her bottle a full 2,000 years.
  • The end credits of the unaired version of the pilot episode list Larry Hagman as "Capt. Anthony Wilson". (This error was corrected in the episode that aired; however, when the pilot was repeated on TV Land during the 1990s, the final scene and end credits were lifted from the unaired version.) In fact, in the entire pilot episode there is no specific mention of Anthony's last name except when seen in a newspaper headline that reads "Nelson safe!".
  • While many sources and Jeannie fan sites refer to the aforementioned version of the pilot episode as unaired, this is actually a bit of a misnomer. This version of the pilot did air; it was part of the series package when the show first entered US syndication in the Fall of 1970. Additionally, the pilot episode aired on NBC only once, with no rerun throughout the original run of the series. NBC may have aired the original edit of the pilot, but this information remains unknown.
  • In the pilot, when rescued, Jeannie speaks Persian (not Arabic, as is often stated- this is because Sidney Sheldon was unable to find a tutor for Barbara Eden to learn Arabic phonetically, and had to settle for one who taught her Persian), and can only speak English after Tony wishes her to (and even then, she inexplicably speaks archaic English until she learns the modern form). Yet, whenever anyone from Jeannie's family shows up, or she visits them, they speak perfect contemporary English.
  • Jeannie claims to come from Baghdad and to be around 2000 years old. Yet Baghdad was not founded until AD 762. In an earlier episode she claimed to be from Babylon (which is near present-day Baghdad).
  • Jeannie was supposedly held captive in her bottle for two thousand years, yet has had relationships with famous people throughout the ages (e.g. Omar Khayyam, Napoleon).
  • One episode asserts that genies are forbidden to marry mortals, while another claims that genies who marry mortals will lose their powers. However, when Tony and Jeannie's marriage actually takes place, there are no objections amongst her kind nor any loss of her powers.
  • A crystal ball also shows a possible future: of the two children they have, the boy is mortal but the girl is a genie. In the movie made in 1985, they have one child, Tony Jr., who turns out to be a djinn. However, in the 1991 movie, Tony Jr.'s powers are absent.
  • In season two, Jeannie is shown wearing her sister's green genie costume for no apparent reason, and no explaination is given for the costume change, although viewing audiences of the original air date wouldn't recognize it as evil Jeannie's costume because she did not appear in the series until the third season.

Miscellaneous

  • Tony Nelson was a captain in the Air Force, while Roger Healey was a captain in the Army, shown clearly in color when Nelson wears a blue uniform and Healey wears a green one. Healey is in the Army Corps of Engineers, according to his lapel insignia, and wears Army pilot wings, but there were no Army astronauts until the Space Shuttle program.[8] Healey is seen piloting the capsule in season 1. Both Healey and Nelson were promoted to major in a later episode of the first season, "How Lucky Can You Get?" [February 19, 1966]. Both were majors, however only Healey had the correct insignia (the gold oak leaf) while Nelson had the insignia of a lieutenant colonel (the silver oak leaf).
  • Once during the first season Jeannie called Healey "Captain" Healey while he was wearing his major's insignia.
  • In later seasons, Sidney Sheldon wrote under the pseudonyms Mark Rowane, Allan Devon, and Christopher Golato.
  • GM's Pontiac Motor Division provided vehicles for the entire run of the series (Tony drove convertible GTOs, Bonnevilles, and a Firebird in the final season), while Ford provided a few vehicles for Roger Healey early in the show's run.
  • In more than one episode, Dr. Bellows and his wife are shown living in Darrin and Samantha's house from Bewitched. Both the interior and exterior sets were used. For interior scenes, the decor and furniture was changed slightly from its Bewitched form. In exterior scenes of Major Nelson driving away from his house, the Bewitched house can be seen at the end of the block, but it is always stated that Dr. Bellows lives out of the way from Major Nelson. In IDOJ they live in Florida, and in Bewitched they live in New York. In another case of shared living space, Larry and Louise Tate, from Bewitched, are shown eating breakfast in Major Nelson's kitchen.

Comparison to actual NASA astronauts

I Dream of Jeannie's NASA differs from the real NASA in a number of ways:

  • The first-season pilot uses footage from a launch of a Project Gemini spacecraft (identifiable by its Titan II booster with twin rocket engines), and this footage also appears in the opening title sequence for some early first-season episodes. However, the pilot storyline has Nelson as the only crew member of the craft, which would imply it must have been a Project Mercury mission, since all crewed Gemini spacecraft were flown with two astronauts. The cartoon spacecraft shown in the opening titles of later seasons appears to be a one-man spacecraft bearing some resemblance to Project Mercury (1961–May 1963), but during the series' run, the two-man Gemini (1965–1966) and three-man Project Apollo (1967–1975) craft were flying. Nelson was shown on the series to fly all three of these craft (as well as the Space Shuttle (if the TV movies are counted). Several real astronauts did make second and third flights. Wally Schirra was the only astronaut to fly on the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo spacecraft (Mercury Sigma 7, Gemini 6, and Apollo 7).
  • I Dream of Jeannie's NASA was depicted as far more military-oriented than the real NASA. Nelson and Healey wore their uniforms at all times. Virtually all the NASA characters were portrayed as active duty military personnel and commanders and Jeannie's NASA was governed along a strict military hierarchy. In real life, NASA is a civilian agency.
  • Both Nelson and Healy are portrayed as swinging bachelors. However, the only unmarried astronaut of the era was Jack Swigert on Apollo 13 in 1970.
  • Nelson lives in Cocoa Beach, near Cape Canaveral in Florida; however upon completion of the Manned Spaceflight Center (now known as the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center) in Houston, astronaut training, including flight simulation and familiarization with equipment used on missions, was moved to Texas along with Mission Control, and the astronauts lived in Houston (namely, the Clear Lake area near the NASA center).

References in popular culture

Television

  • On an episode of Gilmore Girls, Lorelai crosses her elbows and nods her head in imitation of Jeannie, as a response to Rory's request.
  • On an episode of Seinfeld, George walks into Jerry's apartment without being heard. When Jerry asks how he got in, George sarcastically crosses his arms and blinks, just like Jeannie.
  • In an episode of Perfect Strangers, Larry is concerned that Balki is becoming addicted to cable television. Harriette asks whether Balki has started singing the I Dream of Jeannie theme. Larry says, "I'm not sure I'd recognize it," and right on cue, Balki descends the Chicago Chronicle stairs singing and dancing the theme.
  • One episode of the show Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius was called "I Dream of Jimmy"; the title card evoked I Dream of Jeannie's logo.
  • On an episode of American Dreams titled "California Dreamin'", which takes place in the spring of 1966, Meg and Roxanne go to Los Angeles and visit the set of I Dream of Jeannie. They see the large version of Jeannie's bottle and meet Barbara Eden (played by Paris Hilton) in her Jeannie outfit.
  • The soap opera As the World Turns did a mini-spoof of I Dream of Jeannie called "I Dream of Carly" as a part of their 50th anniversary celebration on March 30, 2006. Character Jack Snyder played Tony and Carly Snyder played Jeannie.
  • On the Adult Swim animated series Robot Chicken, I Dream of Jeannie was spoofed in a short segment of the episode "Celebrity Rocket". In the segment, Jeannie is shown apologizing to an irritated-looking Major Nelson for causing problems in his life again, then disappearing into her bottle. In retaliation for what she did to him, Major Nelson shakes her bottle vigorously while she is still inside it.
  • The 'genie-in-a-bottle' premise was parodied in the Charmed episode "I Dream of Phoebe", where the original genie is imprisoned in the bottle by a sorcerer in retaliation for not returning his feelings.
  • Family Guy episode "The Griffin Family History": In the "Big Bang Theory" scene, Peter Griffin is "obligated by the state of Kansas to present the Church's alternative to the theory of Evolution". The screen pans to the right and shows Jeannie walking out of the water and creating things (animals, Jesus, Santa Claus, Dr. Phil and gas pumps). Afterward, the animals, humans, and Jeannie finish the scene by doing a short dance.
  • In a Roseanne episode, there is a short spoof on I Dream of Jeannie, with Roseanne as Jeannie and her husband Dan as Major Nelson.
  • In an episode of That '70s Show the cast argues in the basement over whose powers are better: Jeannie, or Samantha from Bewitched, Donna also calls Major Nelson's sexuality into question because "Any guy who's got a nalf-naked genie is getting her doing more than his laundry". In another episode, Kelso has a dream in which he is the Major and Jackie is Jeannie.
  • In an episode of The Simpsons, Homer tries to overcome his attraction to new coworker Mindy Simmons by imagining Barney dancing in a bikini while vocalizing the I Dream of Jeannie theme. In a Halloween special, Homer is dressed as Jeannie while trick or treating.
  • On an episode of Good Eats titled "Urban Preservation II: The Jerky", the character of "W" plays the part of Jeannie — complete with Jeannie costume — as she explains about dehydration and dehydrators.
  • An episode of Beavis and Butt-head entitled "I Dream of Beavis" shows them with a dead mouse in a bottle, with them believing that there is a genie inside. They have also sung the theme music during one video review.
  • A couple episodes of the TV series of Disney's Aladdin feature a pretty, female genie named "Eden", who inhabits a tall bottle.
  • In the Johnny Bravo episode "I Dream of Johnny", Johnny finds a beautiful genie who grants him three wishes.
  • Several episodes of Weird Science reference I Dream of Jeannie (the show is also deliberately similar, not only in the story of a beautiful female genie but in the way it characterizes the male leads). In one episode, a guest character (played by Emma Caulfield) steals Lisa and forces her to dress in the costume Barbara Eden wore.
  • An episode of The Sopranos was titled "I Dream of Jeannie Cusamano"
  • One episode of The Monkees ("Spy Who Came In From the Cool") features a Jeannie look-alike, who appears after Davy Jones rubs a lamp. "Jeannie" says "Do not worry, Master. Your Jeannie will help you." Davy reacts by saying "Imagine that. Wrong show," and walks away. Both shows ran concurrently on NBC.
  • In a seventh season episode of The X-Files entitled, "Je Souhaite" (French for "I Wish"), Fox Mulder briefly becomes the master of a female genie. When questioning a man who previously possessed the genie, Mulder mimics Jeannie's dance and sings the "I Dream of Jeannie" theme song.
  • In the Pucca episode "Prince Not So Charming", Garu is dumped on a deserted island. He picks up a bottle floating in the water and opens it. Pucca pops out and chases Garu around the island trying to kiss him.
  • In the supernatural teen sitcom Wizards of Waverly Place, there is a recurring character named Jenny Majorheily, a reference to Bill Daily's character.[original research?] The series has also featured a similar reference to Larry Tate of Bewitched, another sitcom featuring supernatural characters. In addition, the first season episode entitled "Justin's Little Sister" features a blond genie who wears a costume reminiscent of Barbara Eden's (however, this genie resides in a lamp rather than a bottle).
  • In the Friends episode "The One with the Dozen Lasagnas", Ross starts humming the theme song but is interrupted by Chandler, who says "We're done." The group, sitting in Central Perk, had earlier hummed the theme of The Odd Couple together. The theme song is also mentioned in "The One with the Baby Shower" when Joey asks Ross to identify the tune, though ironically he has difficulty in doing so. In the episode "The One With All The Rugby", Phoebe convinces herself that she can turn a television on and off by blinking like Jeannie when in reality Monica is controlling it via a switch in Chandler and Joey's apartment.
  • During The Bob Newhart Show 19th Anniversary, Bill Daily's character Howard Borden said he once dreamt he was an astronaut in Florida for five years, a reference to Jeannie and the series finale of Newhart.
  • In the 'Til Death episode "Performance Anxiety", Jeff imitates Jeannie to the bewilderement of his wife Steph.
  • In the X-Men animated series episode "Mojovision", one of Mojo's programs is called "I Dream of Jean", the opening showing a magic lamp releasing smoke.
  • In an episode of George Lopez, a character played by Barbara Eden wishes that she could just cross her arms, blink her eyes and make things happen.

Movies

  • Half Baked features a music video by "Sir Smoke-A-Lot" (Dave Chappelle) where he demands weed from a genie in a bottle. (The genie was a cameo by the director of Half Baked, Tamra Davis.)
  • I Dream of Jenna (starring porn-queen Jenna Jameson) is the title of a pornographic film based on a lurid premise of the series.
  • In the pornographic film Witches of Breastwick 2, Nicole Sheridan plays a genie who acts like and wears the Barbara Eden outfit from I Dream of Jeannie
  • There is also another pornographic film parody called I Dream of Farrah starring porn star Farrah.
  • In Ferris Bueller's Day Off, Ferris dances to the theme song of I Dream of Jeannie imitating the opening credits.
  • Barbara Eden appears as Jeannie at the end of A Very Brady Sequel, saying she is Mike Brady's first wife.
  • In Return to Halloweentown, Marnie uses Jeannie's 'blink' to try to open the box. Also, the character Aneesa is a genie that uses the pink smoke effect to enter and leave her lamp.
  • In one of the Aladdin Special Features, Timon reads a letter from the Genie entitled, Dear Aunt Barbara, a reference to Barbara Eden.

Music

  • Philadelphia punk rock band Dead Milkmen have a song called "I Dream of Jesus", in which the singer's mother finds Jesus who is trapped inside a bottle. The song appears on the 1993 album Not Richard, but Dick.
  • The song "Girls Ain't Nothing but Trouble" by Fresh Prince and DJ Jazzy Jeff released in 1986 samples the I Dream of Jeannie theme song.
  • Ice Cream T sampled the theme song for her 1988 single "Guys Ain't Nothing But Trouble" in response to DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince's earlier single.
  • Dimples D. sampled the theme song for her single "Sucker DJs" in 1990.
  • Timbaland sampled the theme song on "Wit' Yo' Bad Self" from his 1998 album Tim's Bio: Life from da Bassment.
  • The song "Jeannie's Diner" By Mark Davis and Marilyn E Whitelaw, a parody of Suzanne Vega's "Tom's Diner" released in 1991, recounts the tale of Barbara Eden's Jeannie, and includes a sample of the theme song. Vega would include the song on a compilation album known as Tom's Album, and Nick-at-Nite used the song to promote its airing the show during the 1990s.
  • UK band Johnny Foreigner sampled the theme song on the song "Cranes and Cranes and Cranes and Cranes" from their 2008 album Waited Up 'til It Was Light.

Merchandising

Since the show began, merchandise based on the series has been produced including numerous ceramic pieces, lunchboxes, and a series of Instant Scratchit cards. Other examples:

  • Dell Comics published its first comic book issue of the series in April, 1966. Issue number two was released in December, 1966. Airwave Comics produced a version in 2001.
  • Pocket Books published a paperback novel (credited to "Dennis Brewster") loosely based on the series in early 1966, with Barbara Eden featured as Jeannie on the cover.
  • The first I Dream of Jeannie board game was produced by Milton Bradley in 1965. A German version of the game was released in 1971. Another I Dream of Jeannie board game was released by University Games Corporation in 1997.
  • There is also an officially licensed slot machine from International Game Technology, with Jeannie sound effects, new animations, and voice samples recorded specifically for the machine by Eden.
  • Libby made a 20" doll in 1966. Remco produced a Jeannie poseable doll in 1977. Mattel made a fashion doll of Jeannie and her evil sister, Jeannie, in 1996, followed by a Jeannie version of Barbie in 2001.
  • After releasing the entire series on separate season DVD sets, Sony Pictures released the complete series in a box resembling Jeannie's bottle.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ http://blog.sitcomsonline.com/2010/09/tv-land-fall-2010-schedule-part-2-has-i.html
  2. ^ Creech, Gray "NASA on Classic TV" (November 3, 1005) http://www.nasa.gov/missions/research/classic_tv_prt.htm
  3. ^ "Cocoa Beach celebrates 40 years of 'I Dream of Jeannie'" The Associated Press (2006) http://www.usatoday.com/travel/destinations/2005-09-15-cocoa-beach_x.htm
  4. ^ Osborne, Ray I Dream of Jeannie Days
  5. ^ "Cocoa Beach celebrates 40 years of 'I Dream of Jeannie'" The Associated Press (2006) http://www.usatoday.com/travel/destinations/2005-09-15-cocoa-beach_x.htm
  6. ^ Osborne, Ray I Dream of Jeannie Days
  7. ^ Osborne, Ray I Dream of Jeannie Days
  8. ^ NASA Astronaut Fact Book, January, 2005.

References

External links








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