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Map of Ibero-America as a whole as well as Spain and Portugal

Ibero-America is a term used since the second half of the 19th century to refer collectively to the countries in the Americas which were formerly colonies of Spain or Portugal. Spain and Portugal are themselves included in some definitions, such as that of the Ibero-American Summit and the Organization of Ibero-American States. The Organization of Ibero-American States also includes Equatorial Guinea, in Central Africa[1][2], but not the Portuguese-speaking African countries.



The prefix Ibero- refers to the Iberian peninsula in Europe, consisting of Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and Gibraltar. Ibero-America is formed by all Spanish-speaking countries in the Americas, in addition to Brazil, which is Portuguese-speaking, but excludes the French-speaking countries Haiti, French Guiana, Martinique and Guadeloupe. The exclusion of the French-speaking regions differentiates Ibero-America from Latin America, as well as the inclusion of the European states of the Iberian peninsula if they are included in the definition. The English-speaking countries Belize, Guyana, Jamaica, Barbados, Antigua, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, Saint Kitts & Nevis and Grenada, and the Dutch-speaking Suriname are also excluded from Ibero-America.

The term includes neither the United States (except for Puerto Rico), nor any of its fifty states, although a large part of its current territory was colonized by Spain and was under Spanish or Mexican rule longer than it has been under U.S. rule. (See History of Florida, History of Texas, Mexican Cession, and Gadsden Purchase.) While English is the most widely spoken language by far in the U.S., it has not been designated an official language (though some states have done so), and Spanish-speakers compose the second-largest language community nationwide.

Since 1991, the Iberoamerican Community of Nations has organized yearly summits, attended by the heads of state and government of the Ibero-American countries, including Spain and Portugal.[3][4]

Countries and population in Europe and America

  • Spanish-speaking : (Over 400 million speakers)
Argentina Argentina 38,747,000
Bolivia Bolivia 9,182,000
Chile Chile 16,928,000
Colombia Colombia 45,600,000
Costa Rica Costa Rica 4,401,000
Cuba Cuba 11,269,000
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 10,090,000
Ecuador Ecuador 13,228,000
El Salvador El Salvador 6,881,000
Guatemala Guatemala 12,599,000
Honduras Honduras 7,205,000
Mexico Mexico 107,029,000
Nicaragua Nicaragua 5,487,000
Panama Panama 3,232,000
Paraguay Paraguay 6,158,000
Peru Peru 27,968,000
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 3,955,000
Spain Spain 44,116,000
Uruguay Uruguay 3,463,000
Venezuela Venezuela 26,749,000
  • Portuguese-speaking : (About 209 million speakers)
Brazil Brazil 198,742,592
Portugal Portugal 10,695,000
  • Catalan-speaking :
Andorra Andorra 69,150 (in addition to about 7.5 million Catalan speakers from Spain, who are included in the Spanish population of this article)

See also


  1. ^ Presentación, Acerca de la OEI, Organización de Estados Iberoamericanos para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  2. ^ Países, Cumbres Iberoamericanas de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  3. ^ Ibero-American Summit, Foreign Office, Republic of Brazil. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  4. ^ pp. 312–313, Spain: Democracy Regained, Ergasto Ramón Arango, Spain: Westview Press. ISBN 0813329159.

External links



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