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Name: {{{name}}}
Title:
Birth: 614CE
Death: 74 AH (693)
Main interests: hadith and Fiqh

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Muslim scholars

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1st millennium AH
2nd millennium AH


Abdullah ibn Umar (Arabic: عبدالله بن عمر بن الخطاب‎) (ca.614-693) was the son of the second Caliph Umar ibn Khattab. He was a prominent authority in hadith and law, and was known for his neutrality toward factions engaged in the first civil war within the Muslim community (656-661).

Contents

Biography

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Muhammad's era — 614 to 632

Muhammad proclaimed his prophethood in 610.

Abd-Allah ibn Umar was born to Umar ibn al-Khattab and his wife Zaynab bint Madh'uwn (sister of Uthman bin Madh'uwn) sometime around 614.

Prior to his conversion to Islam, Umar had three wives, however, after he became Muslim only Zainab joined her husband in accepting the new faith. Abdullah also accepted Islam at a young age, but he was not allowed to join Muhammad in battle until he was fifteen. The first battle he fought in was against the forces of Abu Sufyan during the Battle of the Trench, which occurred during 627.

It was recorded from Salim ibn Abd-Allah, from his father, that Muhammad said to his father, "Abdullah would be a good man if he would pray the tahajjud prayers (late night prayers)." Salim said: "After that, 'Abdullah would not sleep during the night save for a small amount at a time."[1] Abdullah was 18 at the end of Muhammad's life in 632.

Abu Bakr's era — 632 to 634

Umar's era — 634 to 644

Uthman's era — 644 to 656

Ali's era — 656 to 661

When Ali ibn Abi Talib became Caliph, Ibn Umar refused to give him allegiance. Instead he moved from Medina to Mecca, saying he was going to perform Umrah (pilgrimage to Mecca at a time other than Hajj).

After the assassination of Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib, Ibn Umar regretted having let the Caliph fend for himself in the dangerous political environment that had become prevalent.

Muawiya's era — 661 to 680

After Hasan ibn Ali abdicated his post as Caliph in favor of Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan in 661, Ibn Umar as all other Muslims who experienced the bitter taste of Fitna (civil war), immediately gave him his allegiance.

Yazid's era — 680 to 683

When some people of Medina (most notably Husayn ibn Ali and Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr) wanted to rebel against the Caliph Yazid bin Muawiya in 683, Ibn 'Umar gathered his friends and narrated to them the words he heard from Muhammad: "A flag will be fixed for every betrayer on the Day of Resurrection," and we have given the oath of allegiance to this person (Yazid) in accordance with the conditions enjoined by Allah and His Apostle and I do not know of anything more faithless than fighting a person who has been given the oath of allegiance in accordance with the conditions enjoined by Allah and His Apostle , and if ever I learn that any person among you has agreed to dethrone Yazid, by giving the oath of allegiance (to somebody else) then there will be separation between him and me." [2]

Views

He was a strong proponent of Qadr [3].

Legacy

He had a number of sons, including Abd-al-Rahman ibn Abd-Allah and Salim ibn Abd-Allah. It is also worth noting that Abdullah's sister, Hafsa bint Umar, was a wife of Muhammad.

See also

References

  1. ^ Related in Al-Bukhari and Muslim: Fiqh-us-Sunnah, Volume 2: The Late Night Prayer, tahajjud (qiyam al-Layil)
  2. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari 9:88:227
  3. ^ 431 hadith found in 'The Book of Faith (Kitab Al-Iman)' of Sahih Muslim. [1]

External links


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