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In this Japanese name, the family name is Hatoyama.
Ichirō Hatoyama
鳩山 一郎


In office
10 December 1954 – 23 December 1956
Monarch Shōwa
Preceded by Shigeru Yoshida
Succeeded by Tanzan Ishibashi

Born 1 January 1883(1883-01-01)
Died 7 March 1959 (aged 76)
Political party Liberal Democratic Party (1955–1959)
Other political
affiliations
Friends of Constitutional Government (Before 1945)
Liberal Party (1945–1950)
Democratic Party (1950–1955)
Children Iichiro Hatoyama
Religion Baptist

Ichirō Hatoyama (鳩山 一郎 Hatoyama Ichirō ?, January 1, 1883 in Tokyo – March 7, 1959) was a Japanese politician and the 52nd,[1] 53rd and 54th Prime Minister of Japan, serving terms from December 10, 1954 through March 19, 1955,[2] from then to November 22, 1955,[3] and from then through December 23, 1956.[4]

Ichirō Hatoyama, Yukio Hatoyama, and Kunio Hatoyama.

Contents

Personal life

Ichirō Hatoyama was, as his name indicates, the firstborn boy. He was born into a wealthy cosmopolitan family in Tokyo. His father Kazuo Hatoyama (1856-1911) was a Yale graduate (and Speaker of the House of Representatives) and his mother Haruko Hatoyama (1863-1938) was a famous author and the founder of Kyoritsu Women's University.[5]

Ichirō was a Master Mason and a Protestant Christian (Baptist). He was Japan's third postwar Christian Prime Minister.[6]

Iichirō Hatoyama, Ichirō's only son, made a career for himself as a civil servant in the Budget Bureau of the Finance Ministry. Iichirō retired after having achieved the rank of administrative Vice Minister. In his second career in politics, he rose to become Foreign Minister of Japan in 1976-1977.[7]

One of Ichirō's grandsons, Yukio Hatoyama, became Prime Minister in 2009 as a member of the DPJ.

Political career

Ichirō was elected to the House of Representatives as a Rikken Seiyūkai member in 1936. He was about to become prime minister in 1946, but was barred from politics for five years by Supreme Commander Allied Powers because they thought he had co-operated with the authoritarian government in the 1930s and 1940s.[8] He was allowed to return in 1951. As prime minister, he rebuilt diplomatic ties with the Soviet Union,[9] and favored parole for some of the Class A war criminals who had been sentenced to life imprisonment by the Tokyo Trial.[10]

CIA files that were declassified in 2005 and then publicized in January of 2007 by the U.S. National Archives detail a plot to assassinate then prime minister Shigeru Yoshida and install a more hawkish government led by Ichiro Hatoyama in 1952.[11] The plot was never carried out.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Jorden, William J. "Hatoyama Named Premier of Japan; Brief Rule Seen; Democrats' Leader Is Chosen After Pledge to Socialists of Elections in Spring," New York Times. December 10, 1954; "Hatoyama Reaches Lifelong Goal That Twice Before Eluded Him; Premiership Denied Him First by Japan's Pre-War Militarists and Then by Allied Occupation Authorities," New York Times. December 10, 1954.
  2. ^ Trumbull, Robert. "Hatoyama Regime Victor as Japan Elects New House; Democratic Party Premier Due to Keep His Post -- Poll Sets a Record; Hatoyama Leads in Japanese Vote," New York Times. February 28, 1955.
  3. ^ Trumbull, Robert. "Japan's Rightists will Unite Today; Democrats and Liberals Will Merge -- Present Premier Will Be Re-elected Nov. 22," New York Times. November 15, 1955.
  4. ^ "Ishibashi Is Chosen Japanese Premier," New York Times. December 20, 1956
  5. ^ "Hatoyama Ichiro (prime minister of Japan) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. 1959-03-07. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/256876/Hatoyama-Ichiro. Retrieved 2009-08-29.  
  6. ^ "JAPAN: Land of the Reluctant Sparrows". TIME. March 14, 1955. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,807086-7,00.html. Retrieved 2009-08-29.  ; "Tokyo Storm Center; Ichiro Hatoyama Likes Hymn-Singing," New York Times. October 18, 1956.
  7. ^ "Iichiro Hatoyama; Ex-Foreign Minister, 75" (obituary), New York Times. December 20, 1993.
  8. ^ Crane, Burton. "Hatoyama Barred by MacArthur Order; Directive Forbidding Him to Take Diet Seat Rules Him Out as Japan's Premier," New York Times. May 4, 1946; Crane, Burton. "Hatoyama Voices Surprise at Order; Challenges Ground Upon Which He Is Barred From Holding Office in Japan," New York Times. May 5, 1946.
  9. ^ Jorden, William J. "Hatoyama Takes Plea to Bulganin; Return of Some Isles Urged at Moscow Peace Parley --Treaty Reported Near Goodwill Aspect Stressed," New York Times. October 18, 1956.
  10. ^ Trumbull, Robert. "Japan Urges U.S. Free War Guilty; Continued Appeals Are Based Largely on Dire Straits of Prisoners' Families," New York Times. June 21, 1955.
  11. ^ "CIA Papers Reveal Japan Coup Plot". Military.com. http://www.military.com/NewsContent/0,13319,126978,00.html?ESRC=topstories.RSS. Retrieved 2009-08-29.  

References

  • Itoh, Mayumi. (2003). The Hatoyama Dynasty: Japanese Political Leadership through the Generations, New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 10-ISBN 1-403-96331-2; 13-ISBN 978-1-403-96331-4; OCLC 248918078

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Shigeru Yoshida
Prime Minister of Japan
1954–1956
Succeeded by
Tanzan Ishibashi
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