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Idiopidae: Wikis

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Idiopidae
male Idiops constructor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Mygalomorphae
Infraorder: Fornicephalae
Superfamily: Idiopoidea
Family: Idiopidae
Simon, 1892
Genera

see text

Diversity
22 genera, 275 species

Idiopidae[1] (superfamily Idiopoidea are a mygalomorph spider family. They have a large body that often looks rather like a tarantula.

Contents

Description

Gorgyrella sp.

In some species the males have a spur on their legs, which they will show if provoked[2].

Idiopidae build burrows, and some species close these with a door.

The about 2 cm long Prothemenops siamensis from Thailand builds its retreat in a streamside vertical earth bank in lower montane rain forest. Each burrow had two or three entrances that lead into a main tube. Its lateral posterior spinnerets are elongated.[3]

Genera

The categorization into subfamilies follows Raven (1985)

  • Arbanitinae Simon, 1903
  • Aganippini
  • Arbanitini
  • Arbanitis L. Koch, 1874 — Australia
  • Blakistonia Hogg, 1902 — Australia
  • Cantuaria Hogg, 1902 — New Zealand
  • Cataxia Rainbow, 1914 — Australia
  • Euoplos Rainbow, 1914 — Australia
  • Misgolas Karsch, 1878 — Australia
  • Genysinae Simon, 1903
  • Genysa Simon, 1889 — Madagascar
  • Hiboka Fage, 1922 — Madagascar
  • Neocteniza Pocock, 1895 — Central and South America
  • Scalidognathus Karsch, 1891 — India, Sri Lanka, Seychelles
  • Idiopinae Simon, 1892
  • Ctenolophus Purcell, 1904 — South Africa
  • Galeosoma Purcell, 1903 — southern Africa
  • Gorgyrella Purcell, 1902 — southern Africa
  • Heligmomerus Simon, 1892 — Africa, India, Sri Lanka
  • Idiops Perty, 1833 — South America, Africa, South Asia, Middle East
  • Segregara Tucker, 1917 — South Africa
  • Titanidiops Simon, 1903 — Africa, Canary Islands
  • Prothemenops Schwendinger, 1991 — Thailand
  • Prothemenops siamensis Schwendinger, 1991

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Raven, R.J. 1985. The spider Infraorder Mygalomorphae (Araneae): cladistics and systematics. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 182: 1-180.
  2. ^ Find-a-spider Guide
  3. ^ Murphy & Murphy 2000: 69f

References

  • Raven, Robert John (1985). The spider Infraorder Mygalomorphae (Araneae): cladistics and systematics. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 182: 1-180.
  • Find-a-spider Guide: Spider Families
  • Murphy, Frances & Murphy, John (2000): An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2008): The world spider catalog, version 8.5. American Museum of Natural History.

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Mygalomorphae
Superfamilia: Idiopoidea
Familia: Idiopidae
Subfamiliae: Arbanitinae - Genysinae - Idiopinae

Genera overview: Aganippe - Anidiops - Arbanitis - Blakistonia - Cantuaria - Cataxia - Ctenolophus - Eucyrtops - Euoplos - Galeosoma - Genysa - Gorgyrella - Heligmomerus - Hiboka - Idiops - Idiosoma - Misgolas - Neocteniza - Prothemenops - Scalidognathus - Segregara - Titanidiops

Name

Idiopidae Simon, 1892

References

  • Raven, R.J; Wishart, G. 2005: The trapdoor spider Arbanitis L. Koch (Idiopidae: Mygalomorphae) in Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 51: 531-557. [1]
  • Platnick, N. I. 2009. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.5. American Museum of Natural History. [2]

Vernacular names

Català: Idiòpid
English: Armored Trapdoor Spider

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