The Full Wiki

Idrija: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Občina Idrija
Location of Idrija in Slovenia
Area: 293.7 km²
Population 11,990
 - males 5,885
 - females 6,105
Mayor: Bojan Sever
Average age: 35.58 years
Residential areas: 29.87 m²/person
 - households: 4,169
 - families: 3,255
Working active: 5,571
 - unemployed: 296
Average monthly salary (August 2003):
 - gross: 224,063 SIT
 - net: 144,020 SIT
College/university students: 506[1]
Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, census of 2002.

Idrija (Italian: Idria) is a small town and municipality in the Goriška region of Slovenia. It is known for its mercury mine (currently in the process of closure) and lace.[2]

Near Idrija there was an archeological find of an approximately 43,100 year-old juvenile cave bear femur at Divje Babe, which may be a prehistoric flute.

Idrija town square

Under Austrian rule it was known as Idria. Mercury was discovered there in 1497, and mining productions were taken over by the government in 1580. See Idrija mercury mine.

According to legend, a bucket maker working in a local spring spotted a small amount of liquid mercury over 500 years ago. Idrija is one of the few places in the world where mercury occurs in both its elemental liquid state and as cinnabar (mercury sulfide) ore. The subterranean shaft mine entrance known as Anthony's Shaft (Antonijev rov) is used today for tours of the upper levels, complete with life-sized vignettes of workers over the ages. The lower levels, which reach to almost 400 meters below the surface and are no longer being actively mined, are currently being remediated.

The ghost town of New Idria, California, a site of mercury mining during the 19th-century California Gold Rush, was named after Idrija.

The Parish Church in the town is dedicated to Saint Joseph the Worker and belongs to the Diocese of Koper. There are three other churches in Idrija, dedicated to The Holy Trinity, Saint Anthony of Padua and to Our Lady of Sorrows.[3]

Famous natives and residents


External links

The hilly landscape above Idrija

Coordinates: 46°00′N 14°06′E / 46.00°N 14.1°E / 46.00; 14.1


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel


Idrija [1] lies among the green hills of western Slovenia in the Julian Alps. It is located between the Alpine and the Karst regions.

As the oldest Slovenian mining city, Idrija grew with the development of the mercury mine. A mining settlement was founded at the end of 15th century and had civic trading rights bestowed in 17th century. In 18th century Idrija as a city was considered one of the most important centers in Slovenia.

Until World War I Idrija stayed the second largest city in the region of Carniola. It was well connected with the most important European provinces and cities (Venice, Amsterdam, Vienna) and was a very interesting destination for scientific and technical elite of the time (Steinberg, Scopoli, Haquet, Lipold). Many of them left their mark on the city. Still today, names of many parts of the city remind us of various technical achievements from the old times: Bašerija - ore preparation, Prejnuta and Pront - ore furnace, Lenštat and Riže - wood storehouse, Gasa - street, etc.

Today Idrija has almost 7000 inhabitants and is in many ways still growing. An ongoing process of modernization can be sensed in the city, which is trying hard to establish industrial and cultural connections with the rest of the World. The mercury mine today is in the process of closing down. But even with the deviation to more modern industrial fields, the city is trying to preserve its links with 500 years of mining traditions.

A half millennium of mining mercury in Idrija and its surroundings left an exceptionally rich heritage of technical, cultural, and historical monuments and points of interest available to visitors as museum displays.


One of the most adored Slovenian traditional crafts is Idrija Lace.

This fine, handmade traditional Slovenian product can be adored in the city museum. Those who won't settle just for looking, can also visit various galleries and studios, making and selling lace and lace products.


The traditional local cuisine is both rich and diverse in which the foremost place belongs to the delicacy populary known as idrijski žlikrofi. It is a bit similar to ravioli stuffed with potato and chives.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address