Ilham Aliyev: Wikis

  
  

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Ilham Aliyev
Ilham Əliyev


Incumbent
Assumed office 
31 October 2003
Prime Minister Artur Rasizade
Preceded by Heydar Aliyev

In office
4 August 2003 – 4 November 2003
President Heydar Aliyev
Preceded by Artur Rasizade
Succeeded by Artur Rasizade

Born 24 December 1961 (1961-12-24) (age 48)
Baku, Soviet Union (now Azerbaijan)
Nationality Azerbaijani
Political party New Azerbaijan Party
Spouse(s) Mehriban Pashayeva
Religion Shia Islam

Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev (Azerbaijani: İlham Heydər oğlu Əliyev, born 24 December 1961) is the fourth and current President of Azerbaijan. He also functions as the Chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party.

Contents

Biography

Aliyev was born in Baku as the son of Heydar Aliyev, who was made head of the Azerbaijani KGB when İlham was six and later became the party leader for Azerbaijan and full member of the Politburo, and Dr. Zarifa Aliyeva, a medical doctor and daughter of Soviet politician Aziz Aliyev. After completing school in Baku, İlham attended Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), receiving a Kandidat Nauk degree (PhD equivalent) in history (1985), before starting to teach at MGIMO.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Aliyev worked as a businessman in Moscow and Istanbul from 1991 to 1994.

In May 1994, İlham Aliyev was appointed vice-president of the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan (SOCAR). He participated as one of the key figures during the negotiations between Azerbaijani government and Western oil companies during the conclusion of new contracts now known as Contract of the century. The following year İlham was elected to parliament (Milli Majlis) and later became president of the National Olympic Committee (still incumbent) and head of the Azerbaijan delegation to the Council of Europe. In August 2003, two months prior to the presidential elections, he was appointed prime minister. In October, Heydar Aliyev, suffering failing health, stepped down as president and in a controversial move, appointed his son, an independent candidate, as his party's sole presidential candidate.

2003 presidential elections

The meeting between Ilham Aliyev with Dmitry Medvedev in CIS summit on 6 June 2008.

The official results of the October 15, 2003, elections gave victory to İlham Aliyev, who earned 76.84% of the votes. However, the domestic opposition refused to accept the results and staged mass protests. The protests were due to alleged corruption and staging of elections. Hundreds of demonstrators were beaten, and later arrested. Aliyev took office on October 31, despite opposition complaints. The U.S. government supported Aliyev's election.[1]

The elections received harsh criticism from the international community, with many observers noting that they fell short of international standards and were accompanied by voter intimidation, unequal campaign opportunities for the candidates, and widespread violations of the electoral laws and process. The OSCE International Election Observation Mission noted a number of irregularities in the counting and tabulation.[2] Human Rights Watch complained that Aliyev's election campaign had been supported by government resources and that the Central Election Commission and local election commissions had been stacked with its supporters, while local non-governmental organizations had been banned from monitoring the vote.[3]

Presidency

The meeting between Ilham Aliyev with Lech Kaczyński in Vilnius Energy Security Conference on 12 October 2007.

Opposition members and human rights activists complain that during Aliyev's presidency the human rights situation has not improved. Opposition mass meetings remained banned or were allowed to be held in remote parts of Baku, thus aiming at demoralizing and making it difficult for supporters of opposition to reach there, and the government has continued to pressure the opposition and independent press. In March 2005 under continued pressure from the international community, especially the Council of Europe, Aliyev released from prison many prominent members of the opposition, arrested during protests against the way the October 2003 election was conducted.

On March 26, 2005, Aliyev was officially elected as the ruling New Azerbaijan Party chairman. The opposition denounced this as a violation of state laws, because according to the law on political parties, the president should have no party affiliation.

In April 2006, President Aliyev made a state visit to Washington, D.C. It was a remarkably successful trip, at least in terms of image. Speaking at a public forum sponsored by the prestigious Council on Foreign Relations, Aliyev discussed oil, economic development, and democracy with an audience of reporters and others. The visit was capped with a private meeting in the White House with President George W. Bush, who told reporters that their discussion was "really interesting", although he also said the meeting was "candid" - sometimes a code word for "tense". Opposition groups said that an official meeting with President Bush sent an inappropriate signal that the violence and intimidation of the 2005 parliamentary election was now a closed matter.[4]

Family and personal life

He is married to Mehriban Aliyeva and has three children: Leyla, Arzu and Heydar. He also has an older sister, Sevil Aliyeva.

In March 5, 2010, it was reported that an 11-year old child from Azerbaijan bearing the name of Heydar Aliyev had acquired properties worth approximately USD$44 million in Dubai. According to the Dubai Land Department, the owner of record not only has a name that matches Ilham Aliyev's son but the registered birthdate matches as well. A spokesman for President Ilham Aliyev declined to comment on these purchases.[5]

Honors

  • In 21 November 2009, he was included in a 500 most influential Muslims of world book [6][7]

In Movies

President Aliyev's portrait features rather incongruously in the final frames of the movie Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan even though that film is supposedly a mock depiction of Kazakhstan and makes no other mention of Azerbaijan.

See also

References

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Artur Rasizade
Prime Minister of Azerbaijan
2003
Succeeded by
Artur Rasizade
Preceded by
Heydar Aliyev
President of Azerbaijan
2003 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent

Simple English

File:Aliyev
Ilham Aliyev

Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev (born December 24, 1961) is the President of Azerbaijan. He also functions as the head of the New Azerbaijan Party.








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