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City of Iligan
Dakbayan sa Iligan
Lungsod ng Iligan
Maria Cristina Falls ("Mother of Industry" and "The Fountainhead of Progress")

Seal
Nickname(s): Industrial Center of the South and City of Majestic Waterfalls
Map of Lanao del Norte showing the location of Iligan City.
Coordinates: 8°13′N 124°14′E / 8.217°N 124.233°E / 8.217; 124.233
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Province Lanao del Norte
District Lone District of Iligan City
Barangays 44
Incorporated (town) 1832
Incorporated (city) June 16, 1950
Government
 - Mayor Lawrence Lluch Cruz (LDP-NPC) [2007-2010 (2nd term)]
 - Vice Mayor Henry C. Dy (LDP-GO) [2007-2010 (2nd Term)]
 - 1st Councilor Providencio P. Abragan [2007-2010 (10th Term)]
Area
 - Total 813.37 km2 (314 sq mi)
Population (2007 Census)
 - Total 399,061
 Density 579.61/km2 (1,501.2/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 63
Website www.iligan.gov.ph

The City of Iligan (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Iligan; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Iligan) is a highly urbanized city north of the province of Lanao del Norte, Philippines, and the province's former capital. It is approximately 795 kilometers southeast of Manila. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 399,061 people.

Contents

History

Iligan had its beginnings in the village of Bayug, north of the present Poblacion. It was the earliest pre-Spanish settlement of native sea dwellers. The monotony of indigenous life in the territory was broken when in the later part of the 16th century, the inhabitants were subdued by the Visayan migrants from the island kingdom of Panglao. In the accounts of Jesuit historian Francisco Combes, the Mollucan King of Ternate invaded Panglao. This caused Panglaons to flee in large numbers to Dapitan City|Dapitan, Zamboanga del Norte. In Dapitan, the surviving Prince of Panglao, Pagbuaya, received Legazpi's expedition in 1565. Later, Pagbuaya's son Manook was baptized Pedro Manuel Manook. The Christianized Manook subdued the Higaunon village in Bayug and established it as one of the earliest Christian settlements in the country. The settlement survived other raids from other enemies, and, because of their faith in God and in their patron saint, Saint Michael the Archange, the early Iliganons moved their settlement from Bayug to Iligan. The name Iligan is from the Higaonon word iligan or ilijan' meaning "fortress of defense" against frequent attacks by pirates and other hostile Mindanao tribes.

A stone fort called Fort St. Francis Xavier was built in 1642 where Iliganons sought refuge during raids by bandits. But again, the fort sank due to floods. Another fort was built and this was named Fort Victoria or Cota de Iligan. In 1850, because of floods, Don Remigio Cabili, then Iligan's governadorcillo, built another fort and moved the poblacion of the old Iligan located at the mouth of Tubod River west of the old market to its present site. Iligan was already a town of the once undivided Misamis Province in 1832. However, it did not have an independent religious administration because it was part of Cagayan de Oro, the provincial capital. It was one of the biggest municipalities of Misamis Province. In 1903, the Moro Province was created. Iligan, because of its Moro residents was taken away from the Misamis Province. Then Iligan became the capital of the Lanao District and seat of the government where the American officials lived and held office. Later in 1907 the capital of the Lanao District was transferred to Dansalan.[1]

The Spaniards abandoned Iligan in 1899, paving the way for the landing of the American forces in 1900. In 1914, under the restructuring of Moroland after the end of the Moro Province (1903–1913), Iligan became a municipality composed of eight barrios together with the municipal district of Mandulog. After enjoying peace and prosperity for about 40 years, Iligan was invaded by Japanese forces in 1942. The liberation in Iligan by the Philippine Commonwealth forces attacked by the Japanese held sway in the city until 1944 to 1945 when the war ended. On November 15, 1944, the city held a Commonwealth Day parade to celebrate the end of Japanese atrocities and occupation.[2]

Using the same territorial definition as a municipality, Iligan became a chartered city of Lanao del Norte on June 16, 1950. It was declared a first class city in 1969 and was reclassified as First Class City "A" on July 1, 1977 by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 465. In 1983, Iligan was again reclassified as a highly urbanized city.

Geography

Iligan City is bounded on the north by the municipality of Lugait, Misamis Oriental, to the south by the municipalities of Baloi, Linamon and Tagoloan, Lanao del Norte, to the east by the territories of Lanao del Sur and Bukidnon, and to the west by Iligan Bay. This is also the 2nd largest city in Northern Mindanao next to Malaybalay City.

Known as the City of Majestic Waterfalls, there are around 23 waterfalls in and around Iligan. Among them is the Maria Cristina Falls, home of Mindanao's primary hydroelectric power station, and Limunsudan Falls.

Iligan is also the Industrial Center of the South. It produces hydroelectric power for the Mindanao region through the National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR), the site of the Mindanao Regional Center (MRC) housing Agus IV, VI and VII hydroelectric plants. It also houses industries like steel, tinplate, cement and flourmills. The National Steel Corporation, one of the largest steel manufacturers in the Southeast Asian region, now Global Steelworks International Incorporated was re-opened in 2003 after heavy setbacks resulting to its closure in 1999. Iligan along with its neighboring city, Cagayan de Oro City, are the two major components for the Cagayan de Oro-Iligan Corridor, the fastest developing area in Northern Mindanao.

To the west, Iligan Bay provides ferry and container ship transportation. East of the city, flat cultivated coastal land gives way to steep volcanic hills and mountains providing the waterfalls and cold springs for which the area is well known.

Climate

Iligan falls within the third type of climate wherein the seasons are not very pronounced. Rain is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year. Because of its tropical location the city does not experience cold weather. Neither does it experience strong weather disturbances due to its geographical location (being outside the typhoon belt) And also because of the mountains that are surrounding the city.

Transportation

Sea

There are five shipping lines serving Manila, Cebu City, and Ozamiz City routes namely: Superferry, Cebu Ferries, Carlos A. Gothong Lines, Negros Navigation, Sulpicio Lines, and Cokaliong Shipping Lines.

Land

Rural Transit (RTMI) and Super 5 Transport are the dominant public land transportation in this City. The Integrated Bus and Jeepney Terminal (IBJT) caters trips to and from Cagayan de Oro City and various parts of Misamis Oriental, while the Southbound Bus and Jeepney Terminal caters trips to and from Dipolog City, Pagadian City, Ozamiz City, various parts of Lanao del Norte and Marawi City. The public mode of transportation withinin this city is by Jeepneys, Taxis, and Pedicabs. There is also the famous "Tartanillas" (calesas) that is also a public mode of transportation which serves through Barangay Pala-o and Barangay Tambacan. Passenger vans are also available for the various municipalities in Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur.

Air

Iligan City was served by Maria Cristina Airport in the late 1980s at Baloi. Aerolift, a defunct regional airline, ceased its services when its passenger plane crashed at some structures at the end of the runway of the Manila Domestic Airport in 1990 which resulted to its bankruptcy. Thus, it ended its service to Iligan's airport at Balo-i which also resulted to the closure of the airport. Philippine Airlines served the city for many years before stopping services in 1998 due to the Asian financial crisis. After a decade of not serving the city, PAL subsidiary, PAL Express, revealed in August 2008 of its interest in returning to the city with four weekly flights to Manila and three weekly flights to Cebu. However, this development did not push through with the advent of the recent US and World depression.[citation needed]

The opening of Laguindingan International Airport in 2012 which is located at Laguindingan town in Misamis Oriental, is expected to replace Lumbia Airport in Cagayan de Oro City. It is also expected to augment the city's need for a nearby airport as the new airport is only 65 kilometers away or at most 35 to 40 minutes away from Iligan. The new airport is a flagship project of the Mindanao Super Regions project of the President as a major project of the Cagayan de Oro-Iligan Corridor (CIC).

People and culture

Iligan is predominantly Christian (93.61%). Iliganons compose of the Cebuano speaking locals and the minority that compose of the Maranao, Tagalog and some other cultural minorities and immigrants from other places. It is not only rich in natural resources and industries but it is also the home of a mix of cultures, Maranaos of Lanao del Sur, Higaonons of Bukidnon, and many settlers and migrants from other parts of the country. It is known for its diverse culture.

Cebuano is the major language in the city (about 93%). The rest speak Tagalog, Maranao, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Chavacano, and Waray-Waray. The majority of the population can speak and understand English.

Government

Iligan City is a highly urbanized city and is independent from the Province of Lanao del Norte. Registered voters of the city no longer vote for provincial candidates such as the Governor and Vice Governor unlike its nearby towns that make up the provinces as a result to its charter as a city in the 1950s.

Iligan City's seat of government, the city hall, is located at Buhanginan Hills in Barangay Pala-o. The government structure compose of one mayor, one vice-mayor and twelve councilors. Each official is elected publicly to a 3-year term and can be re-elected up to 3 terms in succession. The day to day administration of the city is handled by the city administrator.

REPUBLIC ACT No. 9724, an Act separating the City of Iligan from the First Legislative District of the Province of Lanao del Norte was approved by Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo last October 20, 2009.

Economy

The economy of Iligan is largely based on heavy industries. After the construction of Maria Cristina (Agus VI) Hydroelectric Plant by National Power Corporation (NPC, NAPOCOR) in 1950, the city experienced rapid industrialization and continued until the late 1980s. The largest steel plant in the country, National Steel Corporation (NSC), was also established during that period (Specifically in 1962).[3]

During the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis, the city experienced severe slowdown in terms of economic growth. A good number of industrial plants are closed, notably the National Steel Corporation. Its closure also created a domino effect on its ancillary industries, causing some companies to close shop while putting others in grave financial distress.[4]

The city made its economic revival with the reopening of the National Steel Corporation, named Global Steelworks Infrastructures, Inc. [GSII] on 2004. Thus, putting the city back on track.[5] On October 2005, GSII officially took a new corporate name: Global Steel Philippines (SPV-AMC), Inc. not only reflects the company's commitment to the Philippines but also presents a clear, strong, and unified brand presence for Global Steel operations in Asia, Africa, and Europe.[6]

Lessons learned from the crisis, the city government makes its move to diversify the economy. Among those are tourism, agriculture, and agribusiness. In One Town, One Product (OTOP) Project of Department of Trade and Industry, the city is producing abaca and its product lines.[7] Other proud product of Iligan are the popularly known Sukang Pinakurat, Sukang Sinarapan, and Honey-man-C.

The city has currently two call centers namely HP solutions and Cybercity services which are located inside MSU-IIT.there is also a proposed construction of Excentrix, another call center which makes the number of call centers in Iligan the largest in the Region.

The current industrial plants in operation and their locations are the following:

  • Treasure Steel Corporation (Formerly National Steel Corporation) — Barangay Suarez
  • Mabuhay Vinyl Corporation — Barangay Maria Cristina
  • Granexport Manufacturing Corporation — Barangay Kiwalan
  • Petronas Energy Philippines, Inc. — Barangay Dalipuga
  • Pilmico Foods Corporation — Barangay Kiwalan
  • Pilmico Iligan Feedmill — Barangay Kiwalan
  • Platinum Group Metals Corporation (Formerly Maria Cristina Chemical Industries, Inc.) — Barangay Maria Cristina
  • San Miguel Corporation-Iligan Coconut Oil Plant — Barangay Santa Filomena
  • Refractories Corporation of the Philippines — Barangay Dalipuga
  • Iligan Cement Corporation — Barangay Kiwalan
  • Mindanao Portland Cement Corporation — Barangay Kiwalan
  • Holcim Philippines, Inc. (Formerly Alsons Cement Corp.) — Boundary of Barangay Dalipuga and Lugait, Misamis Oriental
  • Iligan Bar and Rod Mill — Barangay Suarez
  • Fort Steel and Cargo- Barangay Tominobo
  • Global Steelworks Inc.

Banking

Iligan City holds several banks that cater the needs for the city and the Lanao del Norte province. They are the following:

  • Metro bank
  • Philippine National Bank
  • Bank of the Philippine Islands
  • Land bank
  • Philippine Veterans Bank
  • Banco De Oro
  • Union Bank
  • China Bank
  • United Coconut Planters Bank
  • PBcom
  • Banco Filipino
  • Security Bank
  • One Network Bank
  • Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation
  • Rural Bank of Iligan
  • Saim Bank
  • Allied Bank
  • 1st Valley Bank
  • Far East Bank & Trust Company

Telecommunications

Iligan City's pioneering communication company is the Maranao Telephone Company (abbreviated as MaraTel which is majority controlled by PLDT), Italtel, a government controlled communications system then followed. Recently major national carriers such as PilTel, Globe Telecom, Mobile telecommunications are catered by Smart Communications, Globe Handyphone, and Sun Cellular are serving the telecommunication needs of Iligan City.

The city has four (3) local television channels. They are ABS-CBN, GMA Network, and Studio 23.

The city has five (5) FM and two (2) AM radio stations:

FM Stations:

  • 90.1 WOW - RGMA
  • 102.3 I FM - Radio Mindanao Network (RMN)
  • 103.1 Wild FM - UM Broadcasting Network
  • 105.5 Yes FM - Manila Broadcasting Company (MBC)
  • 107.1 Love Radio - Manila Broadcasting Company (MBC)

AM Stations:

  • 711 dxIC - Radio Mindanao Network (RMN)
  • 1476 dxRJ - Rajah Broadcasting Network

Barangays

Iligan City is politically subdivided into 44 barangays.

  • Abuno
  • Acmac
  • Bagong Silang
  • Bonbonon
  • Bunawan
  • Buru-un
  • Dalipuga
  • Del Carmen
  • Digkilaan
  • Ditucalan
  • Dulag
  • Hinaplanon
  • Hindang
  • Kabacsanan
  • Kalilangan
  • Kiwalan
  • Lanipao
  • Luinab
  • Mahayahay
  • Mainit
  • Mandulog
  • Maria Cristina
  • Pala-o
  • Panoroganan
  • Poblacion
  • Puga-an
  • Rogongon
  • San Miguel
  • San Roque
  • Santiago
  • Saray-Tibanga (Saray)
  • Santa Elena (Tominobo Ilaya)
  • Santa Filomena
  • Santo Rosario
  • Suarez
  • Tambacan
  • Tibanga (Canaway)
  • Tipanoy
  • Tomas Cabili (Tominobo Proper)
  • Tubod
  • Ubaldo Laya
  • Upper Hinaplanon
  • Upper Tominobo
  • Villaverde

Santa Filomena

Santa Filomena has 21 puroks.

Sitio Pandan, the old name of Santa Filomena, was established on 1912, under the Municipality of Iligan. In December 1966, through Sangguniang Panlungsod City Ordinance 323, Barangay Santa Filomena is founded and it was originally composed of seven sitios: Pandan, Acmac, Barinaut, Lambaguhon, Dawag, Matuog, and Kiwalan.[citation needed]

In 1973, Filipinas-Eslon established the plant making water pipes, followed by Iligan Coconut Oil Mill (ILICOCO). In 1982, Caltex Fuel Depot was built on this barangay, followed by Summa Alta Tierra, a limestone processing plant.[citation needed]

Despite of being under industrial zone, the barangay has a good number of beach resorts namely: Regs Beach Resort, Snowland By The Sea, Tellies Beach, Halibas Beach, Ello's Beach, and Chelina Beach Resort and Lodging House.[citation needed]

Santo Rosario

Santo Rosario has 8 zones.[citation needed] It was carved out from the growing barangay of Hinaplanon in 1986 during the administration of President Corazon C. Aquino. The appointed Barangay Chairman then was Jose Guadalupe Zalsos.[citation needed]

It is mainly a residential area but is slowly developing into a commercial zone. Grageda Compound, Abragan Compound, Villania Compound and Cherry Blossom are among the many compounds and subdivisions found within the territory.[citation needed] The Pepsi Cola's Iligan Office is also found along the National Highway as well as the Shell Station and DBC Machineries. In addition, the barangay is also the location of the city's famous badminton arena, Powerflick.[citation needed]

Tibanga

Tibanga is home to the renowned Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology and the Mindanao Sanitarium Hospital. It is also home to the city's three main television channels namely: ABS-CBN (Ch. 4), GMA (Ch. 11) and Studio 23 (Ch. 26).

Education

The City of Iligan has one state university and 7 private colleges specialized in Engineering and Information Technology, Health Services, Maritime Science, Business and Administration, Primary and Secondary Education, and Arts and Social Sciences. Among these educational institutions is the Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology, one of the few autonomous external campuses of the Mindanao State University and "the light-bearer of the several campuses of the MSU System."[8] It is not only one of the best universities in the Visayas and Mindanao regions but considered as well as one of the best universities in Philippines with a standing of being within the top ten (10) best universities in the country with excellence in Science and Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, Information Technology, and Natural Sciences.

Capitol College of Iligan, Inc., more popularly known as Iligan Capitol College (ICC), is a private, non-sectarian, co-educational institution of learning which was established in 1963 by the late Engr. Sesenio S. Rosales and Madame Laureana San Pedro Rosales. It was registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in February 12, 1964.[9] In 1997, Iligan Capitol College established Lyceum Foundation of Iligan which is to become its sister college beside Corpus Christi Parish in Tubod, Iligan City.

St. Michael's College, Iligan City is known as the oldest school in the Lanao area, founded as a catechetical center way back 1914 by Fr. Felix Cordova, S.J. It was formally established in 1915 as Escuela de San Miguel in honor of the patron saint, St. Michael the Archangel. Now on its active bid to become the city's first Private Catholic University, Saint Michael's College of Iligan currently offers 6 disciplines: Business Administration, Hotel and Restaurant Management, Engineering and Information Technology, Nursing, Criminology, Education, Arts and Sciences and the Basic Education. It also offers the TESDA Ladderized Courses and the education - related Graduate Studies Program. SMC is currently expanding its infrastructures to support the growing needs of the academic community and even to the City of Iligan.[9]

The colleges primarily focused on Medicine and Health Services are Iligan Medical Center College and Mindanao Sanitarium and Hospital College. Saint Peter's College is another school known for its engineering, accounting and business administration courses.

Lyceum of Iligan Foundation focuses on maritime and engineering courses. It also offers courses on Hotel and Restaurant Management, Nursing, Business Administration, and other allied Health Services.

Other well-established technical schools include:

- La Salle Academy (Iligan City) - Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology Integrated Developmental School - ICTI Polytechnic College, Inc. formerly Iligan City Technical Institute (ICTI) - Iligan Capitol College (ICC) - Iligan Computer Institute - ICTSI - STI - AMA Education System - Picardal Institute of Technology (PIST) - Saint Lawrence Institute of Technology - Masters Technological Institute of Mindanao

With a total of 181 schools (106 public; 75 private; 17 madrasah) including vocational and technical schools, Iligan City has a average literacy rate of 94.71, one of the highest in the whole Philippines.[citation needed]

Tourism

Iligan is also known as City of Majestic Waterfalls because of its numerous waterfalls that are located within its area of jurisdiction. There are about 20 waterfalls in the city. The most famous as well as the city's major landmark, is the Maria Cristina Falls. It is also the primary source of electric power of the city, harnessed by Agus VI Hydroelectric Plant. The Tinago Falls, accessible through a 300-step staircase, is located in the upper part of Barangay Buru-un. It is another place worth visiting as it showcases one of the most beautiful natural landscapes located within the reach of Iligan's urban landscape. It features a curtain-like cascade that falls beautifully into a lagoon. The breath taking setting alone makes it an ideal place for picture taking with its natural landscape as the falls is beautifully mixed with the lush tropical forest that the area is abundant of. Other famous waterfalls in the city are, Mimbalut Falls, Abaga Falls, and Dodiongan Falls. Some waterfalls are inaccessible to vehicles, which requires trekking for several hours to two days (in case of Limunsudan Falls) to the destination.

The city is also famous for Timoga Springs. It is well-known for the ice-cold, crystal-clear and none-chlorinated springs that flow freely all the way to the numerous swimming pools of each of the resorts. The resorts are a popular place for easing out the hotness of the summer heat. These five cold-spring resorts are all located along the national highway at 500 to 1 km (1 mi) before the Barangay of Buru-un and are accessible to all walks of life as they offer entrance fees that are affordable and easy to reach for the general public. The Bucana beach, located along the highway, halfway between Suarez and Buru-un is one of the more accessible ocean beaches in the city, although the best beaches are found further along the road in the province of Linamon.

Iligan City is Lanao Del Norte's main shopping district with the recent opening of Gaisano Citi Super Mall which is considered to be one of the largest Gaisano malls in Mindanao. Other department stores for shopping are the Old Gaisano Department Store, Trendline Department Store, Iligan Fiesta Mall, Unicity, Squareland Shopping Center, Berds Theater Mall and Jerry's Shoppers World. Unitop is positioning a local branch in the city at the former Boys Scouts of the Philippines' building at Quezon Avenue.

The City has various hotels such as the Maria Cristina Hotel, Elena Tower Inn, Farrah Hotel ,Cheradel Suites and Famous Pensionne House(which has two branches). It also has numerous motels such as the newly opened D'Morvie Motel, Casa Royale (1 and 2) and Celadon Pensionne House. The city also has several drive-in motels such as Lovingly Pensionne House, Citi Best 1 (Pala-o) and Citi Best 2 (Hinaplanon).

Aside from the waterfalls that the City of Iligan boasts of, other places of interest are the newly renovated City Public Plaza, The Centennial Park, Maze Parks and Resorts, the Buhanginan Hills (within premise of the City hall), and Saint Michael's Cathedral.


Iligan City is known not only for its rich natural resources but also for the wealth of the culture that abounds in the area. Majority of Iligan's people come from the Visayas and migrants from the other places of Mindanao. Iligan is literally and geographically located at the crossroads of rich culture – the Maranaos of Lanao Sur, Higa-unons of Bukidnon, the dominantly Christian settlers and migrants. It is proud of the peaceful co-existence of the varied cultural mix on its general community. Evidence of this peaceful co-existence is manifested during the annual celebration of the city fiesta honoring its miraculous patron saint, Saint Michael the Archangel.

The Diyandi (ritual dance) is performed only during the feast of Iligan Patron Saint, Senior San Miguel (Feast Day: September 29). Other curious dance-forms, also performed during the San Miguel Fiesta, include the Eskrima (a dance simulating a fight between San Miguel and his enemies, and the Yawa-yawa, literally, devil-devil), a dance from depicting the celestial battle between the forces of good and evil as impersonated by St. Michael, the Archangel and Lucifer.

Sometime in 1986, it was somehow felt by the local fiesta committee that there was a need to further popularize the folk-dance forms of the Iliganon. Thus was an idea born: the concept of a street dancing festival that will not only preserve certain traditional art forms but promote them as well. In an age when culture and tradition are battered by the incursions of modernity, the significance of such undertaking as a completion of traditional art forms cannot be belittled.

Now called the KASADYA (street dancing and merrymaking), which showcases these rich and varied cultural traditions. Highlighted by the traditional Diyandi, Eskrima and the street drama. KASADYA that was started, as a local form of entertainment has become a major tourist attraction of Iligan drawing crowds to about 50,000 people both local and tourist alike. It is considered as a non-income generating project having the most number of spectators both in the streets and in the showdown venue proper as compared to other tourism related activities.

It is to be noted that the San Miguel Fiesta focused on KASADYA was acclaimed by the BBC Holidays (a monthly consumer magazine published in the United Kingdom and the only publication officially endorsed by the prestigious British Broadcasting Corporation) as a tourist destination. It cited the tribal pageantry mixed with Christian piety famous with brightly costumed participants miming a fight with unseen adversaries to cries of "Viva Senior San Miguel". Other participants, dressed as warrior angels, march solemnly. It added that it is very unique because of the miracle play called the Yawa-yawa, performed in vernacular dialogue and depicting Lucifer's unsuccessful revolt against God and the good angels. Other national and local publications also cited KASADYA as a tourist attraction in Iligan.

Successful Iliganons

  • Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo - President of the Philippines (2001–present); Senator 1992-1998, Vice President 1998-2001, economist (daughter of former President Diosdado Macapagal)
  • Dra. Evangeline Macaraeg - former First Lady 1961-1965 (wife of former President Diosdado Macapagal)
  • Tomas Cabili - Assemblyman 1930s-40s, former guerilla fighter in the Second World War, Secretary of National Defense 1945, Senator 1946-1957, Senate Majority Floor Leader (died alongside President Ramon Magsaysay in a plane crash, March 1957)
  • Quintin Badelles Cueto III - former Commissioner on Human Rights Philippines
  • Mr. Randy A. Garcia - writer - ABS-CBN, Ayala's Young Leaders Congress Representative
  • Helario Honoredez - member of the First Philippine Mount Everest Climbing Team of 2006
  • Gene Orejana - TV host and producer (ABS-CBN)
  • Attorney Wilfredo R. Bacareza, Jr. - President & CEO, PNOC Development & Management Corp.
  • Noela Mae Evangelista - Bb. Pilipinas 2003 2nd Runner-Up, crowned as the Queen of the Tourism International 2003 held in Cancun, Mexico
  • Michael Anthony Garcia - Pinoy Pop Superstar Season 1 Finalist, Recording Artist of GMA Records, GMA 7's SOP mainstay
  • Junix Inocian - film, TV and theater artist. a "Ms Saigon" cast member, he starred in numerous international movies such as "A Dangerous Life" (1988), "Legacy" (1998), "The 51st State" (2001) and many more.
  • Kamil Roxas - Awarded Filmmaker, 2008 Middle East International Film Festival; New York Film Academy (NYFA) Scholar
  • Felindo Obach - film, TV and theater artist. "A Dangerous Life" (1988), "Fatal Mission" (1990)
  • Ric-Ric Marata - former Philippine Basketball Association and Metropolitan Basketball Association player
  • Romulo "Bong" Marata - brother of Ric-Ric Marata and like his brother, former Philippine Basketball Association and Metropolitan Basketball Association player. Marata played for the Philippine Lhuiller team in 2002 that captured the South East Asia Basketball Association (SEABA) Club Championship. He recently led his hometown team, Iligan Crusaders, to its first ever National Basketball Conference Cup championship and earned the 2007 NBC Cup Most Valuable Player Award
  • Cyrus Baguio - Philippine Basketball Association All-Star player, currently playing for the Barangay Ginebra Kings and Philippine national basketball team. He is a nephew of former PBA stars Ric-Ric and Bong Marata
  • Hannah Quijano a former city councilor of Iligan and SK President who represented the Philippines in the Korea Asean Program held in Korea and China Asean Youth Camp which was held in China
  • Ricardo Caluen - Historian/Writer, Editor, Filipino Bulletin, (Toronto, Ontario, Canada)
  • Dr. Steven P.C. Fernandez, DFA - Palanca Award recipient, Founder/Artistic Director of internationally-acclaimed Integrated Performing Arts Guild (IPAG), and member, National Commission on Culture and the Arts (NCCA)
  • Dr. John F. Sandoval - Founding President, Philippine Cyber-Architects, National Programmer, Owner, ByteDoctor Programming Resource
  • Dr. Sergio R. Canoy, Jr. - 1999 Outstanding Young Scientist (NAST), 2004 DOST-NRCP Achievement Awardee, 2001 Outstanding Scientific Paper Awardee (NAST), 2003 Outstanding Scientific Paper Awardee (NAST), 2006 MSU Outstanding Alumnus (Mathematics), Dissertation Adviser of the 2005 DOST-PCASTRD Outstanding Dissertation Awardee
  • Dr. Roberto B. Corcino - 2008 Outstanding Young Scientist (NAST), 2004 Outstanding Scientific Paper Awardee (NAST), Fulbright Senior Research Scholar ( August 2007 - February 2008, Clayton State University, Morrow, GA, USA)

Sister City

Philippines Makati City, Philippines[10]

External links

See also

References

  1. ^ Prof. Patrocenia T. Acut, Iligan During the American Period, Iligan City Official Website
  2. ^ Prof. Leonor Buhion Enderes, Japanese Occupation in Iligan City, Iligan City Official Website
  3. ^ Prof. Geoffrey G. Salgado, Iligan: A History of the Phenomenal Growth of an Industrial City, Iligan City Official Website
  4. ^ Maricar T. Manuzon, A Giant Awakens, Philippine Business Magazine
  5. ^ Genalyn D. Kabiling, National Steel Plant reopens, Manila Bulletin Online
  6. ^ GSII Changes Name to Global Steel Philippines, PRWEB August 19, 2005
  7. ^ Abaca of Iligan City, One Town, One Product Philippines.
  8. ^ Macapado A. Muslim, "Commencement Address", a speech at MSU IIT's 38th Commencement Exercises, MSU-IIT Gymnasium, Iligan City, April 4, 2008.
  9. ^ a b Iligan City Schools, City Development Strategies in Philippines.
  10. ^ "Makati and Iligan Sign Sister-City Pact". Makati City Government. http://www.makati.gov.ph/portal/news/view_news.jsp?news_id=1185. 


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Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From Wikitravel

Iligan[1] is a city in the northeastern coast of Mindanao, surrounded by the towns of Baloi and Linamon of Lanao del Norte on the south, the town of Lugait of Misamis Oriental on the north, and the land of Lanao del Sur and Bukidnon on the east and Iligan Bay on the west.

Understand

Chroniclers say that centuries ago, long before Legaspi's expedition reached the Philippines in 1565, the Tala-andigs and the Banhawons, two of the known peace-loving Higa-onon tribes of Mindanao, had to build an ilihan or iliyan, meaning a "fortress of defense" on the coastal plain to secure them from the frequent attacks of pirates and savage tribes. Hence, the place to be called as Iligan. Some say its name was derived from the seasonal surge and outflow of its two major rivers. Local folks call this alluvial phenomenon "ilig". This is the reason why Iliganons consider the monsoon season a blessing because the soil along the riverbanks are fertilized. Its Cebuano-speaking inhabitants likes to believe that Iligan means "where good fortune gravitates".

Obviously, Mother Nature has blessed this city of more than 300,000 inhabitants. Not only is it situated on a limestone-rich area, it is also way out of the typhoon belt, earthquakes and other natural disasters. Iligan is also ringed with more than twenty waterfalls (earning the monicker "City of Majestic Waterfalls") and more than a dozen springs distributed evenly within a 30-kilometer radius of the city.

Its rivers and tributaries practically caused Iligan to move forward economically and make it the industrial center of Mindanao today.

Besides its rich natural resources, it is also the home of nationally acclaimed artists, poets, cultural workers and writers.

Iligan is predominantly Christian (93.61%). Iliganons are the mixture of the Muslim and Cebuano population with a minority of Tagalog and some other cultural minorities and immigrants from other places.

Get in

By plane

Iligan City is served by Maria Cristina Airport located in the nearby municipality of Baloi. Philippine Airlines served the city for many years before stopping services in 1998 due to the Asian financial crisis. After a decade of not serving the city, PAL subsidiary PAL Express is expected to return to the city with four weekly flights to Manila and three weekly flights to Cebu. Both services are tentatively scheduled to start service.

The nearest airport to Iligan City is the Cagayan de Oro Airport with seven daily flights. Flight time from Manila to Cagayan de Oro Airport is approximately one hour and 20 minutes. The opening of Laguindingan International Airport in 2012, which is expected to replace Lumbia Airport in Cagayan de Oro City, is also expected to replace the city's airport. The new airport is a flagship project of the Cagayan de Oro-Iligan corridor.

By boat

From Manila, you can take a boat going to Cagayan de Oro seaport, and then take a taxi or bus to Iligan City. From Manila, you can also take a boat going to Ozamiz City. This boat will drop you in Iligan seaport itself. From Cebu, there is a daily boat schedule going to Cagayan de Oro seaport.

By bus

The best way to travel to Iligan is by bus. At Bulua Bus Terminal you can find buses going to Iligan. Travel time from Cagayan de Oro to Iligan (by taxi or bus) is approximately one-and-a-half hour, and the ticket is only 50 peso (around 1 dollar). The buses are modern and very fast with aircondition and movie playing on the videoscreen. From Cagayan de Oro Airport, you can also take a taxi cab (direct to Iligan, price about 20 dollars), or take a taxi cab to drop you to Bulua Bus Terminal (6 dollars).

Get around

Jeepneys or jips are the most common public transport in the city with a minimal fare of P7.50. Taxis are readily available anytime of the day. It can be radio dispatched, and will pick you up if you give the dispatcher a call. Habal-habal or motorcycles are most common especially in going to the city outskirts or hinterland areas. There is also the famous "Tartanillas" (calesas) that is also a public mode of transportation which serves through Barangay Pala-o and Barangay Tambacan.

Talk

Cebuano is the common language among Iliganons. The rest speak Tagalog, Maranao, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Chavacano, and Waray-Waray. English is also widely understood and spoken.

See

A number of these attractions are quite unique and could only be found in this city. There are numerous waterfalls, springs, and beach resorts.

This is not the final list on what's worth seeing, but it's a good place to start whether you're a first-time visitor or an Iligan expert.

  • Downtown Iligan - A lot has changed since the tri-people (cultural mix of Maranaos of Lanao del Sur, Higaonons of Bukidnon, the predominantly Christian settlers and migrants from other parts of the country) helped create the foundation of this city. Today's downtown practically has most of the ammenities that make an urban center - hotels, restaurants, shopping centers and cultural attractions.
  • Macaraeg-Macapagal Ancestral House - The house boasts as the only house in Mindanao where two Philippine Presidents resided. One being the father, and the other, the daughter, Pres. Diosdado Macapagal and HE Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo respectively. In 1994, upon the instigation of the late former President Diosdado Macapagal, the lot where the house stands and a two-hectare cocoland nearby were donated to the City Government of Iligan for the purpose of developing the place into a tourist destination with a memorabilia of the Macaraeg-Macapagal Family.
  • Iligan City Hall - The seat of the city government, is on top of Buhanginan Hill, some 47 meters above sea level. It was built way back in 1957.
  • Anahaw Open Amphitheater - On Buhanginan Hill's southeastern side is Anahaw Ampitheater, probably the biggest open amphitheater in Mindanao, which is a venue for theater, sports tournaments, celebrations, and other activities. The amphitheater and the city hall is only less than 3 kilometers away from the city proper.
  • Bayug Island - Bayug (an island sitio of Barangay Hinaplanon, 3.7 km northeast of poblacion) is traditionally considered as the first settlement in Iligan even in pre-Islamic times.
  • Other Places worth visiting: - Laya Ancestral House, Linya Galleria, MVC Park and Lagoon, Rizal Park, Freedom Park.

Do

You may request for a tour guide at the City Tourism Office, Bahay Salakot, Buhanginan Hills, Pala-o, Iligan City Tel. #221-3426 or you may wish to go around on your own. Here are some tips for the unguided tourist for a whole day tour.

  • 7:00 Breakfast
  • 8:00 ETD Buhanginan Hill From Poblacion (City Proper) take a jeepney (Iligan-Palao-City Hall-City Hospital) and inform the driver to take you to City hall. Jeepney Fare is P7.50
  • 8:15 ETD Buhanginan Hill The road going to the top of the Buhanginan Hill is a quick and convenient challenge and favorite destination for early-morning joggers. At the top is a playground where children can romp around. It houses the City Hall which is 49 years old, the new City Council Building, the Anahaw Amphitheatre. You'll get a good view of the city from the hill too. Some 200 meters from the City Hall is the Bahay Salakot which houses the City Tourism Office and the Iligan Investment Promotion Center.
  • 9:30 ETD for Maria Christina Falls Take a Jeepney from Buhanginan Hill to City proper. Tell the driver to drop you at Masonic Temple and pay a fare of P7.50. From there take a jeepney (Iligan-Buruun route) to Maria Cristina Falls. Fare is P13.00. Inform driver to drop you at the crossing going to Maria Cristina Falls.
  • 10:15 ETA at Gate of NPC Agus VI and Agus VII Hydro-electric Power Plant Complex From the crossing of the National Highway and road leading to Maria Cristina Falls is the NPC gate which is some 150 meters from the highway You shall be asked to register at the gate, fill out some forms and leave an ID. In exchange you shall be given an ID PASS which you shall be asked to wear at all times while inside the complex. From the gate to Agus VI HEP Plant where you shall be viewing the falls, is an 800 meter walk. Maria Cristina Falls is open to the Public everyday, however should you wish to view its full grandeur, it is recommended to view it on Saturdays and Sundays at 11:00 a.m.
  • 11:45 ETD from Maria Christina Falls to Timoga Cold Springs From the gate of the complex walk towards the highway and cross it.
  • 1:00 Macaraeg-Macapagal Ancestral House
  • 1:30 ETD for Mimbalut Falls Tell driver to drop you at Buru-un talipapa (stalls selling fish). Fare is P6.50. At the talipapa are the habal-habal (motorcycles used as public transport) inform barker that you're going to Tinago Falls.
  • 2:00 ETD for Tinago Falls Literally hidden in a deep ravine, the falls cascading beautifully into a basin-like pool, clean, and deep and icy cold. It has an elevation of approximately 420 feet. It is 13.8 kilometers away from the city proper. Rate is P20.00 per head, Minimum passenger is 2 passengers. If you are alone and you do not wish to wait for additional passenger then fare is P40.00. You may make arrangements with driver to pick you up at the Iligan Tinago Mountain Resort and special rates can be arranged. Entrance fee at the Iligan tinago Mountain Resort is P10.00.
  • Timoga Spring Pools - Known for its pristine, cool and crystal clear waters freely flowing downstream towards several swimming pools. Shed, snack bars, cottages and lechon (roasted pig) stalls are available.
  • Mimbalut Falls - It is a site to behold and provides an enjoyable swimming spot. Picnic tables are available if you simply want to wade and enjoy a quiet scenery and listen to the melodious chirping of birds.
  • In Brgy. Hindang lies Hindang Falls and caves, a 40 ft. high two tiered waterfalls with lagoon ideal for swimming. It is nestled with towering peaks sheltering it from the sun and prying people. Other attractions of the barangay are the 6-8 cave clusters. Most caves have narrow entrances with long and deep chambers.
  • Mt. Agad-Agad - Approximately 1,600 ft above sea level, very accessible and is good for mountain hikings and campings. A small waterfall is also featured on the way to the top of the mountain. Because it's so easy to climb, you may go up Mount Agad-agad in the morning and come down in the afternoon. But the trek will be much more worth the sweat if you spend the night there. At the peak, the panoramic overlooking view of Iligan City and Mt. Malindang in Misamis Occidental right across Iligan Bay is a spectacle. But wait till evening when the city lights look like the reflection of the stars.
  • Golf and Country Club of Iligan - A 9-hole golf course laid out on gently rolling low green hills which is a favorite among local golfers and others who come to Iligan. It is located in Barangay Tipanoy which is about 6.0 kilometers away from the city proper.
  • Adlaw sa Iligan - On June 16, 1950, President Elpidio Quirino signed into law the charter of the new city of Iligan. In 1984, June 16 of every year was declared as "Adlaw sa Iligan" to commemorate and celebrate the founding of Iligan as a chartered city. It is usually during the weeklong celebration of the Iligan City Charter Day that the city government forges unity and partnership with the private sector and the barangay leaders in fellowship gatherings. Activities that traditionally enliven the occasion are agro-industrial fair, cultural and artistic performances and the Tambayayong Festival, a float competition of various government agencies.
  • Diyandi Festival sa Iligan - Folk-lore depicts Iligan's patron saint, St. Michael the Archangel as the protector of peace. Thus, his feast every 29th of September, is a grand celebration in the city. In fact, it has transformed into a month-long festival, the "DIYANDI FESTIVAL SA ILIGAN". Every September 27th, Kasadya streetdancing and merrymaking is participated in by different schools, civic organizations, and ethnic groups. It is a showcase of Iliganon tradition depicting historical, cultural, and religious aspects, group competition of tribal dances, and presentation of a religious stage play.
  • Alimyon Flower Festival - Every Oct.30-Nov.2 flowers are brought directly from cut-flower growers in the farms and are priced cheaper than those displayed at shops and markets. The flowers in Iligan are also sold at Zamboanga City, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Ozamiz, and Pagadian.
  • NPC Natures Park, Maze Parks & Resort, Taytay Swimming Pool

Buy

Currency

The city uses the Philippine peso. US dollar is also accepted, but it's good to have it changed to peso. Foreign currencies can be easily exchanged to Philippine peso at any banks, and authorized money changers.

For foreigners, it would be wise to always have Philippine bills and coins (for convenience).

  • Gaisano Super City Mall - Roxas Avenue
  • Gaisano Superstore - Cabili Avenue
  • Squareland Shopping Center - Aguinaldo Street
  • Berd's Theater and Mall - Aguinaldo Street
  • Iligan Fiesta Mall - Aguinaldo Street
  • JVC Supermart - Aguinaldo Street
  • Gladys' Minimart - Quezon Avenue
  • Cheding's Peanuts
  • Sukang Pinakurat
  • Bamboo Crafts
  • Ethnic Products
  • Souvenir Iligan Shirts
  • Sunburst Fried Chicken
  • Gazpacho's Restaurant
  • Kuzina Iliganon
  • Yom's Sizzling House
  • Teepoy's Grille & Restaurant
  • Tatay's Grille
  • Alfresco
  • Big Ben
  • Merry Muffet
  • uni city, palao (quezon ave.).  edit
  • Big Ben.  edit
  • Zoey Cafe - The first espresso bar in town. It offers unique coffee blends, cakes and pastries. Excellent home style meals with a welcoming atmosphere for locals and visitors alike.
  • Aruma Coffee Lounge - Located at the corner of De Leon and Burgos Sts.
  • Brew's Almighty- Michaella's Plaza, Tibanga Highway
  • Alberto's Cafe
  • Kyla's Bistro
  • Gatz Bar
  • Luxus Bar
  • Bangkok Nights
  • Yom's
  • Iliganon Bar

Sleep

Iligan City offers adequate accommodation for every type of traveller. There are economy class hotels, pensionne houses, modest inns, and several lodging houses.

  • Cheradel Suites, Bro. Jeffrey Road, 063 223 8118, fax 063 221 4926.
  • Maria Cristina Hotel, Gen. Aguinaldo St., 063 221 5308.
  • Farrah Hotel, Sabayle St., 063 221 6985 / 063 221 6988.
  • Corporate Inn Boutique Hotel, Isabel Village, 06 221 4456 to 58
  • Famous Pension House, Brgy. San Miguel, 063 225 3968/ 063 223 0692.
  • Rene's Diner & Pension House, Andrada Compound, Brgy. Mahayahay, 063 221 3701.
  • Casa Royale Inn, Tino Badelles St., 063 221 3324.
  • Elena Tower Inn, Tibanga Highway, 063 221 5995/5997, fax 221-5996.
  • Fleckstone Inn, M. Roxas Ave., Tibanga, 063 221 1927, fax 063 492 4868.
  • Crystal Inn, Tibanga, 063 221 2779, fax 063 3516 4811.
  • Jalexis Inn, Cors. Juan Luna & Zamora St., fax 063 223 8907.
  • Maxim Inn, Quezon Avenue, 063 221 5272.
  • Kingsway Inn, Padilla Bldg., Tibanga, 063 223 3937.
  • Home-stay Accommodation. Travellers who express preference to stay in houses of locals than in hotels or commercial inns can choose from among the 8 private homes in Iligan. Reservations can be made thru the City Tourism Office, Bahay Salakot, Buhanginan Hills, Pala-o, this city or call 221-3426 for details.
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