Iloilo: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

—  Province  —

Map of the Philippines with Iloilo highlighted
Coordinates: 11°00′N 122°40′E / 11°N 122.667°E / 11; 122.667Coordinates: 11°00′N 122°40′E / 11°N 122.667°E / 11; 122.667
Country  Philippines
Region Western Visayas (Region VI)
Capital Iloilo City
 - Governor Niel D. Tupas (Liberal)
 - Total 4,829.1 km2 (1,864.5 sq mi)
Area rank 23rd out of 80
Population (2007)
 - Total 1,691,878
 Density 350.4/km2 (907.4/sq mi)
Population rank 11th out of 80
Population density rank 14th out of 80
 - Independent cities 1
 - Component cities 1
 - Municipalities 42
 - Barangays 1,721
including independent cities: 1,901
 - Districts 1st to 5th districts of Iloilo
including independent cities: Lone district of Iloilo City
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code
Spoken languages Hiligaynon/Ilonggo, Kinaray-a, Tagalog

Iloilo is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. Iloilo occupies the southeast portion of Panay Island and is bordered by Antique to the west and Capiz and the Jintotolo Channel to the north. Just off Iloilo's southeast coast is the island of Guimaras, once part of Iloilo but now a province in its own right. Across the Panay Gulf and Guimaras Strait is Negros Occidental. Iloilo's capital is Iloilo City.


People and culture

People from Iloilo are called Ilonggos. There are two local languages spoken in the province: Hiligaynon sometimes called Ilonggo, and Kinaray-a. Hiligaynon and variants of it are spoken in Iloilo city and a few towns of the province.

Spanish architecture can be seen in old buildings in downtown Iloilo. Chinese Merchants and Indonesians were trading with the Ilonggos long before the Spaniards came. The ruling Spanish government encouraged these foreign merchants to trade in Iloilo but they were not given privileges like ownership of land. The Mestizo a class eventually was born from the intermarriages of the locals and Chinese merchants, Spanish with the local Melayu people. They later emerged as the ruling class of the Ilonggos (see Principalía).

The town fiesta is one of the most important events for Ilonggos. Almost every town (municipality) in Iloilo has a fiesta and festival celebrated annually.


The Ten Commandments in Hiligaynon, the language of Panay Island.

Hiligaynon (or "Ilonggo") is an Austronesian language spoken in Western Visayas in the Philippines. Hiligaynon is concentrated in the provinces of Iloilo and Negros Occidental. It is also spoken in the other provinces in Panay island, such as Capiz, Antique, Aklan, Guimaras, and many parts of Mindanao like Koronadal City, South Cotabato, North Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Kidapawan City and Cotabato City and also in some parts of Maguindanao municipalities of Datu Paglas, Buluan and Mangudadatu as well. (It is spoken as a second language by Karay-a in Antique, Aklanon and Malaynon in Aklan, Cebuano in Siquijor, and Capiznon in Capiz.). There are approximately 7,000,000 people in and outside the Philippines who are native speakers of Hiligaynon, and an additional 4,000,000 who are capable of speaking it with a substantial degree of proficiency.

The language is referred to as "Ilonggo" in Negros Occidental and in Iloilo. More precisely, "Ilonggo" is an ethnoliguistic group referring to the people living in Panay and the culture associated with the people speaking Hiligaynon. The boundaries of the dialect called Ilonggo and that called Hiligaynon are unclear. The disagreement of where what name is correct extends to Philippine language specialists and native laymen.


The Province of Iloilo is the largest marshland in Western Visayas after the Sanderbans. The province is divided into two distinct geographic regions; the highlands of the Madia-as on the western border and the lowland plains which account for a larger portion of the province. Small islands east of its northernmost tip also dot the Visayan Sea - of these, Pan de Azucar and Sicogon are well-known.


Iloilo is subdivided into 42 municipalities, 1 component city, and 1 highly urbanized city



Iloilo City aerial view
  • Iloilo City (Iloilo City is independent from the Province of Iloilo, but remains the Provincial Capital of the Province)
  • Passi City



The Old Capitol Building of the Province of Iloilo.

GOVERNOR: Niel D. Tupas Sr

Vice Governor: Rolex Tupas Suplico

Provincial Board Members: 1st District

  1. Oscar Richard S. Garin Jr.
  2. Macario N. Napulan

2nd District

  1. June S. Mondejar
  2. Rodolfo V. Cabado

3rd District

  1. Mariano M. Malones
  2. Arthur R. Defensor Jr.

4th District

  1. George P. Demaisip
  2. Maria Shalene P. Hidalgo

5th District

  1. Jett C. Rojas
  2. Jesus C. Salcedo

Ex-officio Board Members:

  1. PCL President: Cecilia A. Colada
  2. ABC President: Jeneda C. Salcedo
  3. SK President: Joseph Gumban

District Representatives: 1st District: Janette Loreto-Garin 2nd District: Judy Jalbuena-Syjuco 3rd District: Arthur D. Defensor, Sr. 4th District: Ferjenel G. Biron 5th District: Niel C. Tupas, Jr.


At the time of the Spanish conquest, writing was a new import and the use of organic medium such as leaf and bamboo, and no pre-Hispanic written accounts of Iloilo exist today. Oral history, in the form of recited epics, has survived to a small degree, with a few recordings made from the last known surviving binukots.

The earliest written historical accounts concerning the province relates to Spain's conquest of the island of Panay by Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi moving his headquarters from the island of Cebu and creating the first Spanish settlement in the island in Ogtong in 1566. In 1581 the encomienda in Ogtong was moved to La Villa Rica de Arevalo, because of frequent coastal raids by Moro and Dutch privateers, this was again moved near the mouth of the Irong-irong river founding what is now Iloilo City and constructing Fort San Pedro to defend it in 1616.

The City of Iloilo by virtue of a Royal Decree of 1896 was given the honor of having a Coat of Arms with the Inscription: “La Muy Leal Y Noble Ciudad de Iloilo.”


As a leading province during the Spanish Colonial Era, the province of Iloilo is widely known for its beautiful old world architecture similar to that of Latin American Countries. Spanish colonial Churches are amongst the well knowned tourist sites in the province.

Miagao Church. The World Heritage Site. The Aztec-Baroque inspired church with Filipino botanicals used to carved on the facade. It is known for its intricate facade and pyramidal bell towers. The church was used as a fortress during the olden days. It is a massive structure built of yellowish Limestones.

Molo Church. The Gothic Renaissance Church of Molo was used as a watch tower to warn the people if there are any attackers on the shore of Iloilo City. It is a fine coral stone church with Classical and Gothic details. It is also known as the feminist church because of the beautiful female saints lining inside the church.

Cabatuan Church. This Neoclassic Church, known to be the most massive Hispanic structure in Iloilo is built of red bricks. It is believed to be the largest red brick structure in the Visayas and it was given the title "Model of Temples" by the 'El Eco de Panay'. The Cabatuan Church is known to be the only extant Spanish colonial church with three facades.

San Jose Church. The beautiful church in front of plaza Libertad is considered the most historic amongst the churches in Iloilo City. It is a Byzantine-Neoclassic Church planned to look like the Spanish Church of Valencia del Cid. The Church is known for its collection of priceless Catholic treasures.

The Historic province of Iloilo is also known for 'Calle Real'; a street of old buildings with their classical designs. During January, the city heats up for Dinagyang, the festival dubbed as "The best tourism event in the Philippines" It is a collection of tribe warriors dancing in honor of the Child Jesus.

Notable Ilonggos


The province of iloilo has extensive media organizations

Software and WebHosting Company

Print media

Broadcast Media

  • Aksyon Radyo DYOK 720
  • BOMBO Radyo-Iloilo, the Flagship station of Bombo Radio Phippines,(The National Radio of the Philippines) please log on
  • Radio Mindanao Network News 774 Iloilo - RMN Iloilo News Website
  • BOMBO Radyo-Bacolod
  • BOMBO Radyo-Roxas
  • RGMA Iloilo Super Radyo 1323 Iloilo (GMA Regional Network)
  • RGMA Bacolod (Super Radyo DZBB Relay) 1179 Bacolod (GMA Regional Network)
  • GMA TV-6 Iloilo (Channel 6)
  • GMA TV-13 Bacolod (Channel 13)
  • ABS-CBN Iloilo (Channel 10)
  • ABS-CBN Bacolod (Channel 4)
  • TV32 Bacolod (UHF 32)
  • TV46 Iloilo (UHF 46)
  • Studio 23 Iloilo (UHF 38) & Bacolod (UHF 22)
  • NBN TV 2 Iloilo
  • IBC TV 12 Iloilo
  • RMN TV 26 Iloilo
  • Q TV 28 Iloilo
  • UNTV 42 Iloilo

External links

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Iloilo City is a city in Iloilo in the Western Visayas in the Philippines.

Get in


Iloilo International Airport, Iloilo has a new airport of "international standards" about 20 kilometers outside the city. A flight from Manila to Iloilo takes one hour. Cebu Pacific and Philippine Airlines currently fly 4 times daily, while Air Philippines flies 3 times daily. There are also flights to Cebu by Air Philippines and Cebu Pacific, each with 1 flight daily, and via Cebu to Davao. On May 2008, Cebu Pacific will commence its Iloilo - Davao direct flights with three times per week. Iloilo City has the fourth busiest airport in the country and the busiest domestic airport in the country. International flights are being proposed mainly by Cebu Pacific going to Hong Kong and to Incheon, South Korea.


The city is a transportation hub of Panay and nearby islands including Boracay and Guimaras. There are several bus companies that provide transportation to the other major urban areas of Panay - Kalibo in Aklan, San Jose in Antique, Roxas in Capiz, and Passi City in Iloilo. Additionally there are jeepneys and taxis plowing through the streets. There are also PhilTranco buses from Cubao, Quezon City to Iloilo City that use the ro-ro ferries. Iloilo is also noted for her Passad Jeepneys which are fashioned after the latest car trends.


The city has four major seaports, the International Port at Loboc, the Domestic Port at Fort San Pedro, the Muelle Loney Port serving the Iloilo to Bacolod trips and the Ortiz Port serving the Iloilo to Guimaras trips. Iloilo currently has the only true international port in Western Visayas and the is one of the busiest ports in the country. A Yacht Club has also been proposed by the City Government. There are also a number of Ro-ro ships in the city.

Get around

You can get around the city by car or jeepney

  • Fort San Pedro
  • Molo Church
  • Jaro Cathedral
  • Calle Real
  • Museo Iloilo
  • Smallville
  • Miagao Church
  • San Joaquin Church
  • University of San Agustin (U.S.A.), General Luna Street, Iloilo City, +63 33 3374841-55, [1]. Oldest University in Western Visayas. It was founded in 1904 by the Augustinian Friars.  edit
  • Miag-ao Church. The Miag-ao Church is one of the Philippines' architectural and religious gems. It is 40km soutwest of Iloilo City and can be easily reached by jeepneys within 45 minutes.  edit
  • Experience Dinagyang. Do you love stepping up to the beat? Ever enjoy the sound of drums and bare feet stomping into the pavement in perfect unison? How about joining the locals dancing in the streets with a bottle of beer? If you do, the Dinagyang Festival is just for you! It is celebrated every 4th Sunday of January in Iloilo.  edit


There is an SM and Robinsons mall in Iloilo


Iloilo is nationally famous for it's local cuisine and the visit to Iloilo will not be complete without trying the popular La paz batchoy and the Pancit Molo. These Ilonggo specialities were named after 2 of the several districts in Iloilo City. 20:21, 13 February 2009 (EST)

  • Days Hotel Iloilo (Days Hotel Iloilo), The Atrium Cor. Gen. Luna-Bonifacio Drive, +63-33-3373297, [2]. In the very heart of Iloilo City. It's first-rate interiors are superbly maintained, and complemented with unmatched hospitality – the signature Ilonggo smile, courtesy, and care.  edit
  • Iloilo Business Hotel, [3]. The Iloilo Business Hotel in Iloilo City, Philippines located within the Smallville Business Center where the city's businesses and recreational facilities are found. A comfortable haven for the businessman and leisure traveler. Rates starts at Php 2,100.00.  edit
  • Amigo Terrace Hotel, Cor. Iznart-Delgado Streets.
  • Iloio Business Hotel, Smallville Business Center Diversion Road.
  • Iloilo Grand Hotel, Iznart Street.
  • Century 21 Hotel, Quezon Street, (+63)(33) 335-8821, [4].  edit
  • Highway 21 Hotel, General Luna Street, Iloilo City, (+63)(33) 335-1839, [5].  edit
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ILOILO, a town, port of entry and the capital of the province of Iloilo, Panay, Philippine Islands, at the mouth of Iloilo river, on the S.E. coast. Pop. (1903) 19,054. In 1903, after the census had been taken, the population of the town was more than doubled by the addition of the municipalities of La Paz (pop. 5724), Mandurriao (pop. 4482), Molo (pop. 8551) and Jaro (pop. 10,681); in 1908 Jaro again became a separate town. The town is built on low sandy ground, is irregularly laid out, and its streets are not paved. It has a good government house and a fine church. The harbour, suitable for ships of 15 ft. draught, is well protected by the island of Guilnaras, and oceangoing vessels can lie in the channel. The surrounding country, which is traversed by gravel roads leading to the principal towns of the province, is fertile and well cultivated, producing sugar, tobacco and rice in abundance. In commercial importance Iloilo ranks next to Manila among Philippine cities; it has manufactures of pina, jusi, coconut oil, lime, vinegar and various articles made from palm wood. Much of the town was burned by Filipino insurgents soon after its capture by American troops in February 1899.

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