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Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadiri
Full name Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadiri
Born 1950 (26-Ramaḍān-1369 A.H.)
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Era Modern era
Region Islamic scholar
School Sunni - Hanafi
Main interests Dawat-e-Islami
Notable ideas I must strive to rectify myself and the people of the whole world.

Abul Bilāl, Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadiri Raḍavī (Urdu: محمد الياس عطارؔ قادرى) is the leader and founder of the Sunni revival movement Dawat-e-Islami,[1] which was founded in 1981 in Karachi, Pakistan. He has campaigned against sectarianism[2] and terrorism.[3]
As the fountain head of Dawat-e-Islami he has given his Muslim missionary movement the moto “I must strive to rectify myself and the people of the whole world.” He is considered as a Spiritual Guide who has motivated his disciples towards righteousness and the Sunnah (traditions and ways of Prophet Muhammad) through his poems, writings and sermons. In his close circle, he is referred to as “Bāpā” [meaning father i.e. spiritual father] and widely known by the title of Ameer-e-Ahlay-Sunnat [the Leader of Ahlus-Sunnah.] [4]

Contents

Early life

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Abul Bilāl, Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadiri Raḍavī

Muhammed Ilyas Attar Qadri was born on the 26th of Ramaḍān, 1369 A.H. (1950 A.D.) in Karachi, Pakistan. His forefathers lived in the village of Kutyana in Junagarh, India.[5] His parents migrated to Pakistan, after Pakistan’s independence from the British rule. They initially lived in Hyderabad, Sindh province, Pakistan but later moved to Karachi.[6]

His father Abdur Rehmān was a disciple [Murīd] in the esteemed Qādiriyyah Sufi Order. When Ilyas Qadri was only 14 months old infant, his father died due to a heat stroke, during the Holy Hajj pilgrimage on the 14th Zul Hijjah 1370 A.H (1951 A.D.) His mother died on the 17th of Safar 1398 A.H. (1978 A.D.) [7]

The main sources of this knowledge were books and the company of religious scholars specifically Grand Muftī of Pakistan, Shaykh Muftī Waqār ud-Dīn Raḍavī of Karachi. Ilyas Qadri spent about twenty two years in the company of the Grand Muftī and he graced Mr. Qadri with the honour of being his Khalīfah [Spiritual Successor.] [8]

Dawat-e-Islami

Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadri is the leader and founder of Dawat-e-Islami -- a global, non-political movement for the propagation of Quranic knowledge and the Prophetic ways [Sunnah.] It is apolitical and peaceful Islamic movement. Presently Dawat-e-Islami is working in more than seventy two countries spread over six continents. It is organized into more than 41 different departments, such as: Madni channel [9](satellite channel), Madani Inamaat (Questionaires for self-reflection and rectification), missionary work in prisons, Department of Islamic Jurisprudence, Department of Masjid Services, Maktaba-tul-madinah, Department of Educational Institutions, Department of Amulaets and Letters of condolences, Madani Qafla & Ijtema [outreach travels & congregations], Weekly Ijtimā’s [congregations] for Sisters, congregational abiding in the masjid [Atikaaf] in the holy month of Ramḍān, International & State-Level congregations, Department of Authentication of Books, Department for brothers with special needs, etc.[10]

His Writings

Ilyas Qadri wrote his very first booklet on the life of Ala Hazrat, Ahmed Raza Khan of Bareilly, India titled “Tażkerahaey Imām Ahmed Raḍā” [which has been rendered into English under the title “Biography of Imam Ahmed Raza.” Since then, many of his books and his lectures’ transcript texts have been published by Maktaba-tul-madinah. His most prominent endeavour is Faizan-e-Sunnat, the first volume of which contains the following chapters spread out over 1,548 pages: Faizan-e-Bismillāh – On the merits of beginning by reciting the name of Allah; Aādāb-Tu’ām – On the Manner and Etiquettes Pertaining to Food [English translation is entitled Islamic Manners of Eating]; Peyṫ Kā Qufl-e-Madina -- On the guidelines for healthy living; Faizan-e-Ramaḍān – On the virtues of the Holy Month of Ramaḍān. In addition to the above he has also authored the following books: Namāz Kay Aḥkām: On the rulings pertaining to Salāh [daily Prayers], Wuḍu [Ablution], Ghusl [Purificatory Bath], and Janāzah [Funeral]. [English translation is entitled, Laws of Salāh – Hanafi]; Rafīqqul Haramain: On an extensive discussion regarding the proper way of performing Hajj pilgrimage and Umrah and Ghiībet kī Tabāhkārīyān: On the perils of backbiting and slandering.[11]

Sufi Sucessorship and Permissions

Ilyas Qadri is the disciple [murid] of Maulānā Ḍiāud Dīn Aḥmed Madanī Qādirī Raḍawi. He is the Khalīfah [Spiritual Successor] of Grand Muftī of Pakistan, Allamah Muftī Waqar-ud Dīn. The Commentator of Sahih Bukhari, Grand Master of Jurisprudence of India Muftī Sharīfful-Ḥaq Amjaddī has also granted Ilyas Qadri with his Khilāfah [successorship] of the four major Spiritual Sufi Orders [Silsilah]: Qādirīyyah, Chishtīyyah, Naqshbundīyyah, and Soharvardīyyah. He also granted him permission of transmission of the books of Ḥadiš [Prophetic narrations], and dissemination of Islamic knowledge [Ijāzah.] Furthermore, Maulānā Faḍlur Rahmān of Madina granted him Khilāfah [Spiritual Successorship] and authorized him with his Ijāzah [permission to transmit Prophetic narrations and Islamic knowledge.] He initiates his disciples in the Spiritual Sufi Order of Qādirīyyah, Raḍavīyyah, Aṭṭārīya, which is a branch of Qadri Sufi Order attributed to him.[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ Behuria, Ashok K. (January 2008). "Sects Within Sect: The Case of Deobandi–Barelvi Encounter in Pakistan". Strategic Analysis (Routledge) 30 (1): 57–80. doi:10.1080/09700160801886330. ISSN 0970-0161. 
  2. ^ Jalal, Ayesha (2008). Partisans of Allah: Jihad in South Asia. Harvard University Press. p. 282. ISBN 9780674028012. 
  3. ^ "Congregation attended by 0.5 million; unity in the lines of Muslims urged". Pakistan Press International. 26 September 2004. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-13511368_ITM. Retrieved 7 June 2009. 
  4. ^ T’aruffay Amīrray AhlaySunnat by Majlis Al-Madina-tul ‘Ilmīyah
  5. ^ T’aruffay Amīrray AhlaySunnat by Majlis Al-Madina-tul ‘Ilmīyah
  6. ^ Authentic details of his early days are best found in the series by Maktabatul Madeena: Tazkira e Ameere AhleSunnat and Ibtidayi Halaat.
  7. ^ T’aruffay Amīrray AhlaySunnat by Majlis Al-Madina-tul ‘Ilmīyah
  8. ^ T’aruffay Amīrray AhlaySunnat by Majlis Al-Madina-tul ‘Ilmīyah
  9. ^ http://www.dawateislami.net/static/streamingHome.do?t=2
  10. ^ Glimpses: Biography of Amīr-e-Ahlay-Sunnat pp. 77-89
  11. ^ http://www.dawateislami.net/book/bookHome.do#section:writer_2.0 www.dawateislami.net/books
  12. ^ T’aruffay Amīrray AhlaySunnat by Majlis Al-Madina-tul ‘Ilmīyah
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