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In 1630 John Winthrop organized a fleet of 11 ships to carry almost 1000 immigrants from England to America and founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Departing in two groups in April and May, they arrived at various dates in June and July. These ships were:The Ambrose; The Arabella; The Charles; The Hopewell; The Jewel; The Mayflower; The Success; The Talbot ; The Trial; The Whale; The William & Francis



The first English Colony was at Jamestown Virginia in 1607. The second was the founding of Plymouth_Colony in 1620 in Massachusetts.  Both were actually very small settlements that only just barely survived.  There were a couple of settlements that either collapsed or were abandoned and the settlers returned to Europe.

The next big colony push was John Winthrop leading a small flotilla in 1630 to settle near the area of present day Boston.  It was named the Massachusetts Bay Colony after the name of the indian tribes that lived in that area.  It's principle cities were Boston, Watertown, Charlestown, and Salem along with a many of the small farmtowns that stand today.

A key catalyst for this big migration was the internal strife in England in the first half of the 17th Century.  The Stuart dynasty has just come to power and aligned itself with the Church of England (Anglican faith) and began intense persecution of those who practised Catholism (the predessor of Anglican church) and Puritans, which was the intended to be a even more "pure" form of Christian faith than either the Catholic or Anglican church.  There was also the rich acquiring up a lot of farmlands forcing the poor off their farms and into London.  Then the Thirty Years War started in 1618 that pitted England and other Protestant countries against the Catholic countries of Spain and Central Europe.

Governor Winthrop was a leading organizer of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and his principle motivation was to create the ideal Puritan community as an example to the world.  Unlike the Pilgrims that settled Plymouth, this group enjoyed greater abundance of financial backing and starting supplies.

The Winthrop Fleet consisted of eleven ships sailing from Yarmouth, Isle of Wright to Salem. Some sailed April 8, arriving June 13, 1630 and the following days, the others to sail in May, arriving in July.

The Fleet

Winthrop Fleet Large list of names of passengers to New England 1630 on board the ships: The Ambrose; The Arabella; The Charles; The Hopewell; The Jewel; The Mayflower; The Success; The Talbot ; The Trial; The Whale; The William & Francis. This list is from the excellent book: _The Winthrop Fleet of 1630_: (An Account of the Vesselseake, Robert Fien English Homes from Original Authorities) by Charles Edward Banks. It is believed by Banks to be a complete list, gathered from many sources.

For the period 1620–1633 the standard reference is now Robert Charles Anderson’s The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620–1633 (New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995). It should be noted that the early work of Charles Banks on the composition of the Winthrop Fleet of 1630 is now considered unreliable.

 In 1630, their population was significantly increased when the ship Mary and John arrived in New England carrying 140 passengers from the English West Country counties of Dorset, Somerset, Devon, and Cornwall. These included William Phelps along with Roger Ludlowe, John Mason, Rev. John Warham and John Maverick, Nicholas Upsall, Henry Wolcott and other men who would become prominent in the founding of a new nation. It was the first of eleven ships later called the Winthrop Fleet to land in Massachusetts.

The ships were the Arbella flagship with Capt Peter Milburne, the Ambrose, the Charles, the Mayflower, the Jewel, the Hopewell, The Success, the Trial, the Whale, the Talbot and the William and Francis.

Sailed April 8 1630: Ambrose, Arbella, Hopewell, Talbot,

Sailed May 1630: Charles, Jewel, Mayflower, Success, Trial, Whale, William and Francis

Winthrop wrote to his wife just before they set sail that there were seven hundred passengers. Six months after their arrival, Thomas Dudley wrote to Bridget Fiennes, Countess of Lincoln and mother of Lady Arbella and Charles Fiennes, that over two hundred passengers had died between their landing April 30 and the following December, 1630. That letter traveled via the Lyon April 1, 1631 and reached England four week later.



Winthrop Fleet Passenger List

Person Relation Age POB POD Banks List Remarks
Abbott, Daniel (1584-1647) 46 Bidlestone, Suffolk Providence, RI Y May 1631 - Freeman at Cambridge MA. Possibly joined by wife Mary and infant daughter Mary.
Abell, Robert (1605-1663) 25 Stapenhill, Derbyshire Rehobath, MA Y Founder of Weymouth. Lots of recorded ancestors and descendants.
Agar, William Y
Alcock, George, ______ Y
Alcock, Thomas Y
Aleworth, Francis Y
Andrew, Thomas
Archer, Samuel
Aspinwall, William, Elizabeth, Edward
Audley, (Odlin) John
Baker, John, Charity
Balston, William, Elizabeth
Barsham, William
Bartlett, Thomas
Bateman, William
Baxter, Gregory
Beamsley, William, Anne
Beecher, Thomas, Christian
Belcher, Edward, Christian, Edward Jr.
Bendall, Edward, Anne
Benham, John
Biggs, John, Mary
Black, John
Boggust, John
Boswell, John
Bosworth, Zaccheus
Bourne, Garret
Bowman, Nathaniel, Anna
Bradstreet, Simon, Anne
Brand, Benjamin
Bratcher, Augustine
Brease, ____
Brenton, William
Brett, Isabel
Bright, Henry
Abraham Brown (1579-1650) - Browne, Abraham, Lydia]] 51 Hawkedon, Suffolk Watertown MA Y
Browne, James
Browne, Richard, Elizabeth, George, Richard Jr.
Buckland, William
Bugby, Richard, Judith
Bulgar, Richard,_______
Burnell (Bunnell), William
Burr, Jehu,_____, Jehu Jr.
Burroughs, Robert
Cable, John
Cakebread, Thomas, Sarah
Chadwick, Charles, Elizabeth
Chambers, Anne or Annie
Chase, William
Chauner, Margery
Cheesebrough, William, Ann(Stevenson), Sarah, Peter, Samuel, Nathaniel
Child, Ephraim, Elizabeth
Church, Richard
Clarke, John
Clarke, William, Elizabeth
Clough (Cluffe), Richard
Cobbett, _____
Coddington, William, Mary
Colbron, William, Margery
Colby, Anthony, Susanna (Haddon)
Cole, John
Cole, Rice, Arrold
Cole, Robert
Cole, Samuel, Anne
Converse, Edward, Sarah, Phineas, John, Josiah, James
Cooke, Margaret
Cowlishaw, William, Anne
Crabb, John
Crafts, Griffin, Alice, Hannah
Cranwell, John
Cribb, Benjamin
Crugott, James
Dady, William, Dorothy
Deekes (Dix), Edward, Jane
Devereux, John
Diffy, Richard
Dillingham, John, Sarah (Caly), Sarah
Dixon, William
Doggett, John, ____, John Jr, Thomas
Downing, James
Dudley, Thomas, Dorothy (Yorke), Samuel, Anne, Patience, Sarah, Mercy, Thomas Jr.
Dutton, ____
Edmunds, John, Mary
Eggleston, Bigod
Ellis, Arthur
Elston, John
Fayeweather, Thomas
Dady, William, Dones, Charles
Finch, Abraham, Abraham Jr., Daniel, John
Firmin, John
Firmin, Giles Jr., Martha (Doggett)
Fitzrandolph, Edward
Fox, Thomas
Foxwell, Richard, _____, John
Freeman, Samuel, Apphia (Quick), Henry
French, Thomas, Susan (Riddlesdale), Thomas Jr., Alice, Dorcas, Susan, Anne, John, Mary
Frothingham, William, Anne
Gage, John, Amy
Gager, William, ____, _____ (servant to Dr. Gager name unknown)
Garrett, Hugh
Garrett, Richard, ___, Hannah, ____
Gibson, Christopher, Mary
Gibson, Elizabeth
Glover, Ralph
Glover, John, Anne
Goldthwaite, Thomas, Elizabeth
Gosnall, Henry, Mary
Gosse (Goffe), John, Sarah
Goulworth, John
Gridley, Richard, Grace, Joseph, Abraham
Gyver, Bridget,
Haddon, Garrett, Margaret
Hale, Robert, Joan
Hall, John, Joan (Dove)
Hammond, Phillipa
Harding, Robert
Harris, Thomas, Elizabeth
Harwood, Henry, Elizabeth
Hawke, ____
Hawkins, John
Hawthorne, William
Hesselden, Franceis
Hoames, Margaret
Hoffe, ______
Hopwood, Edward
Horne, John
Hosier, Samuel
Howlett, Thomas
Hudson, William, Susan, Francis, William Jr.
Hulbirt, William
Hutchins, Richard
Hutchinson, George, Margaret
Hutchinson, Thomas
Ijons (Irons), Matthias, Anne
James, Edmond, Reana
James, Thomas, Elizabeth
James, William, Elizabeth
Jarvis, John
Johnson, Davy
Johnson, Francis, Joan
Johnson, Isaac, Arbella
Johnson, John, Margaret
Johnson, Richard, Alice
Jones, Bethia
Jones, Edward
Kidby, Lewis, ____, _____, Edward
Kingsbury, Henry, Margaret, Henry Jr.
Kingsbury, Thomas
Knapp, Nicholas, Elinor
Knapp, William, ____, John, Anne, Judith, Mary, James, John, WIlliam Jr. Y James m. Elizabeth Warren (Below)
Knower, George
Knower, Thomas
Lamb, Edward
Lamb, Thomas, Elizabeth, Thomas Jr., John, Samuel
Lamb, Roger
Lawson, Henry
Learned, William, Judith
Leatherland, William
Legge, John
Lockwood, Edmond, Elizabeth, _____
Lockwood, Robert
Lynton, Richard, ____, Anna, Lydia
Lynn, Henry, Sarah
Masters, Johrt
Matson, Thomas, Amy (or Ann)
Mayhew, Thomas, ____, Thomas Jr.
Miller, ____
Millett, Richard
Mills, John, Susan, Joy, Mary, John Jr., Susanna, Recompense
Morey, Roger
Morley, Ralph, Catherine
Morris, Richard, Lenora
Morris, Thomas, Sarah
Morton, Mary
Moulton, Thomas, Jane
Mousall, Ralph, Alice
Munt, Thomas, Dorothy
Nash, Gregory, _____
Needham, Ann
Nicolls, _____
Nowell, Increase, Parnell (Gray) n, Jane, Sarah, Lyn (See Audley)
Page, John, Phebe (Paine), John, Daniel
Painter, Thomas, Katherine
Palmer, Abraham, Grace
Palsford, Edward
Palsgrave, Richard, Anne, John, Anna, Mary, Sarah
Parke, Robert, Martha (Chaplin), Thomas, ____, ____, ____
Parker, Robert
Patrick, Captain Daniel, ____
Pelham, William
Pemberton, James, Alice
Pemberton, John, Elizabeth
Penn, James, Katherine
Penn, William
Penniman, James, Lydia
Perry, Isaac
Peters (Pettit), Anne
Phillips, Rev. George, ____, Samuel, Abigail, Elizabeth
Phillips, John, Joan
Phillips, John
Pickering, John, Esther, George, John Jr., Joan
Pickworth, John
Pierce, John, Parnell, Experience, Mercy, Samuel
Plaistow, Josiah
Pollard, Mrs. Anne
Pond, John
Pond, Robert, Mary
Porter, John, Margaret, ___, ___,___,___,
Pratt, Dr. Abraham, Jane
Pynchon, William, Agnes, John, Anne, Mary, Margaret
Rainsford, Edward, ____
Ratcliffe, Philip
Rawlins, Thomas, Mary, Thomas Jr., Nathaniel, John, Joan, Mary
Reade, Thomas, Priscilla
Reading, Joseph
Reading, Miles
Reeder, ____
Revell, John
Reynolds, Robert, Mary, Nathaniel, Ruth, Tabitha, Sarah
Richardson, Ezekiel, Susanna
Royse (Ryse), Robert, Elizabeth
Ruggles, John, Frances, ____
Ruggles, Jeffrey, Margaret
Sales, John, ___, Phebe
Saltonstall, Sir Richard, Richard Jr, Samuel, Robert, Rosamond, Grace
Sampson, Robert
Sanford, John
Saxton, Rev. Giles
Scott, Robert
Seaman, John
Seely, Robert
Sergeant, _____
Sharp, Robert
Sharpe, Thomas, ___, ___, Thomas
Shut, _____
Simpson, _____
Smead, ___, Judith, William
Smith, ____, __ look someone up
Squire, Thomas
Stearns, Isaac, Mary (Barker), John, Abigail, Elizabeth, Hannah, Mary
Stileman, Elias, Judith (Adams), Elias Jr.
Stoughton, Israel, Elizabeth
Stoughton, Thomas, _____
Sumner, William, Mary (West), William Jr.
Swaddon, Philip
Swanson, Anna
Talmadge, William, _____
Taylor, Gregory, Achsah
Taylor, John, ____, ____
Timewell, William
Tomlins, Edward
Turner, Nathaniel
Turner, Robe_, ___, ____
Tyndal, Arthur
Underhill, John, Helen
Vassall, William, Anne, Judith, Francis, John, Anne
Wade, (Thomas)
Walker, Robert, Sarah
Wall, ____, ____
____,_____ (Servant of Mr. Wall)
Ward, Thomas
Warren, John (1585-1667) 45 Nayland, England Watertown, MA Y
Warren, Margaret (1587-1662) Wife 43 Nayland, England Watertown, MA Y
Warren, John (1622-1703) Son 8 Nayland, England Watertown, MA N
Warren, Mary (1624-1691) Daughter 6 Nayland, England Watertown, MA N m. John Bigelow
Warren, Daniel (1628-1716) Son 3 Nayland, England Watertown, MA N m. Mary Barron
Warren, Elizabeth (1630-?) Daughter Infant Nayland, England Watertown, MA N m. James Knapp (above)
Waterbury, William, Alice
Waters, John, Frances, Mary, ___, ___
Weaver, ____
Webb, Richard, Elizabeth
Weed, Jonas
Weillust, Joist
Weldon, Robert, Elizabeth
Weston, Francis, Margaret, Lucy
Wilbore, Samuel, Anne
Wilkinson, Prudence, Sarah, John, Elizabeth
Williams, Thomas
Williams, Thomas (alias Harris, may be same as preceding), Robert
Wilsby, ____
Wilson, John
Wilton, David
Wing, Elizabeth
Winthrop, John (1587-1649) Henry, Stephen, Samuel ___,____ (x8) -- Winthrop had eight servants, names unknown 41 Y Colony Governor
Woods, William
Woolrich, John, Sarah
Wormewood, _____
Wright, Richard, Margaret, Eleanor, Robert
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