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Youths in Oslo. Most immigrants live in the larger cities. In Oslo, 22 % have immigrant background, and more than 18 % have a non-western immigrant background.

In the 1960s, approximately 50,000 immigrants lived in Norway - mostly people from European and other Nordic countries. At the beginning of the 1960s, the first labour migrants arrived from Pakistan. Until the introduction of the so-called "immigration freeze" in 1975, the number of immigrants to Norway was modest. Thereafter, family immigration increased considerably. Since the 1970s, family immigration has been mostly Thai, Philippine and Russian women that migrate to Norway to marry Norwegian men. In the mid 1970s, refugees were accepted from developing countries, such as Vietnam and Chile initially. In the mid 1980s, there was an increase in the number of asylum-seekers from countries such as Iran and Sri Lanka. In the 1990s, war refugees from the Balkans were the predominant immigrant group accepted into Norway; a large number of which returned home to Kosovo. Since the end of the 1990s, asylum seekers from countries such as Iraq, Somalia and Afghanistan arrived. Due to favourable lending and scholarship schemes, there has been a degree of immigration for education purposes since around 1980, including from countries in Asia and Africa.[1]

The number of immigrants in Norway is currently approximately 508,000, which corresponds to 10.6 per cent of the population.[2] The five largest immigrant groups in Norway are in turn Polish, Pakistani, Swedish, Iraqi and Somali.

Country of origin Population[3] Percent of total population Percent of immigrant population Areas with significant population Religious group
 Poland 44,482 0.92% 8.75% The whole country Roman Catholicism
 Pakistan 30,161 0.62% 5.93% Oslo Sunni Islam
 Sweden 28,730 0.59% 5.65% Eastern Norway and Trøndelag Lutheranism
 Iraq 24,505 0.51% 4.82% Oslo, Bergen Sunni Islam, Shia Islam
 Somalia 23,633 0.51% 4.65% Oslo Sunni Islam
 Germany 20,916 0.43% 4.11% Whole the country Lutheranism, Roman Catholicism
 Vietnam 19,726 0.41% 3.88% Oslo, Bergen, Stavanger Buddhism, Roman Catholicism
 Denmark 19,284 0.40% 3.79% Southern-, Western- and Eastern Norway Lutheranism
 Bosnia-Herzegovina 15,683 0.32% 3.08% Oslo, Bergen, Stavanger Sunni Islam, Eastern Orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism
 Iran 15,666 0.32% 3.08% Oslo, Bergen Christianity, Shia Islam
 Turkey 15,436 0.32% 3.03% Oslo, Drammen Sunni Islam
 Russia 13,914 0.28% 2.73% Northern Norway Eastern Orthodoxy, Islam
 Sri Lanka 13,436 0.27% 2.64% Oslo, Bergen Buddhism, Roman Catholicism
 United Kingdom 12,284 0.25% 2.41% Western Norway Protestantism
 Kosovo 12,531 0.26% 2.46% Oslo, Stavanger Sunni Islam
 Philippines 12,262 0.25% 2.41% Whole the country Roman Catholicism
 Thailand 10,989 0.22% 2.16% Whole the country Buddhism
 India 9,349 0.19% 1.84% Oslo, Bergen Hinduism, Islam, Christianity
 Afghanistan 8,991 0.18% 1.76% Oslo Sunni Islam, Christianity
 Morocco 7,811 0.16% 1.53% Oslo Sunni Islam
 Lithuania 7,562 0.15% 1.48% Whole the country Roman Catholicism, Protestantism
 Chile 7,452 0.15% 1.46% Bergen, Kristiansand Roman Catholicism
 United States 7,450 0.15% 1.46% Western- and Southern Norway Christianity
 China 6,699 0.13% 1.31% Whole the country Atheism, Buddhism, Christianity
 Finland 6,654 0.13% 1.30% Finnmark, Bærum, Oslo Lutheranism
 Netherlands 6,554 0.13% 1.29% Western Norway Christianity
 Ethiopia 4,420 0.09% 0.87% Oslo, Bergen Christianity
 Eritrea 4,127 0.08% 0.81% Oslo, Bergen Christianity, Islam
 Iceland 3,749 0.07% 0.73% Western Norway Lutheranism
 France 3,571 0.07% 0.70% Oslo, Bergen, Stavanger Roman Catholicism

See also

References

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