Immigration to the United States: Wikis

  
  
  

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2000 Census Population Ancestry Map
.American immigration (immigration to the United States of America) refers to the movement of non-residents to the United States.^ United States by the immigration laws.

^ United States -- Emigration and immigration; Immigrants; Immigration .
  • Iowa Digital Library : Search Results 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC digital.lib.uiowa.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ History of immigration and immigrants in the United States .
  • World History Archives: History of immigration and immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.hartford-hwp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Immigration has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of American history.^ Series Asian American history and culture.
  • Immigration History on the Web 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC history.sandiego.edu [Source type: Reference]

^ Immigration is now the main driver of American population growth.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ethnic Americans: a history of immigration.
  • Immigration History on the Web 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC history.sandiego.edu [Source type: Reference]

.The economic, social, and political aspects of immigration have caused controversy regarding ethnicity, religion, economic benefits, job growth, settlement patterns, environmental impact, impact on upward social mobility, levels of criminality, nationalities, political loyalties, moral values, and work habits.^ Relate immigration movements to the social, political or economic issues that caused them.
  • United States Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.uwlax.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Economic impact of immigration reform debated .
  • Immigration Reform News - Topix 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: News]

^ There are economic benefits to be gained from immigration.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As of 2006, the United States accepts more legal immigrants as permanent residents than any other country in the world.^ Why do immigrants come to the united states?
  • Why do immigrants come to the united states? - Yahoo! Answers 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Lawful permanent residents are legally accorded the privilege of residing permanently in the United States.
  • 12/11/02 - Juan Mann�s Frequently Asked Questions About Immigration and the Law 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.vdare.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Legal Permanent Resident (LPR) : Person who has been granted lawful permanent residence in the United States.
  • United Way of King County Community Assessment 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.uwkc.org [Source type: Original source]

[1] .In 2006, the number of immigrants totaled 37.5 million.^ Statistics on uninsured immigrants: More than 12 million immigrants in the United States were uninsured in 2006, accounting for almost 27 percent of all uninsured individuals in the country.
  • The Impact of Immigration on Health Insurance Coverage in the United States, 1994–2006 « Docuticker 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.docuticker.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to the report The Immigrant Population of the United States in 2006, the 37.4 million foreign born residents, as a percentage of the total population, is higher than any level since 1920.
  • The Immigrant Population of the United States in 2006 « Docuticker 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.docuticker.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In total, there are 12.2 million (37 percent) Latino 'born-again' Christians in the United States, of whom 9.2 million are Pentecostal or Charismatic.
  • NHCLC News-Immigration and the Changing Contours of Religious Pluralism in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nhclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2][3]
.A record 1,046,539 persons were naturalized as U.S. citizens in 2008. The leading countries of birth of the new citizens were Mexico, India and the Philippines.^ An individual can become a citizen of the US by either being born in the country or through naturalization.
  • Laredo Immigration Lawyers: Attorneys For Immigration Litigation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.laredoimmigrationlawyers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Supreme Court ruled that since Ozawa was neither a free white person nor an African by birth or descent, he did not have the right of naturalization as a Mongolian.
  • The History of Japanese Immigration -- Brown Quarterly -- v. 3, no. 4 -- Spring 2000 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC brownvboard.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our personally conducted survey displays a number of those reasons: Start a new life in another State or in another Country.
  • Viewpiont Franchise International Inc. Immigration to the United States of America 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.viewpointfranchise.com [Source type: General]

[4]
.While an influx of new residents from different cultures presents some challenges, "the United States has always been energized by its immigrant populations..."^ Immigrants have made enormous contributions to the culture and economy of the United States.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Q: Can an immigrant travel within the United States?
  • United States Immigration Services 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.countrymusicnews.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ What motivates immigrants to come to the United States?
  • The Emma Goldman Papers Curriculum: Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC sunsite.berkeley.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the 1998 commencement address at Portland State University, U.S. president Bill Clinton voiced support for immigrants, including immigrants from Asia and Latin America when he said that "America has constantly drawn strength and spirit from wave after wave of immigrants...They have proved to be the most restless, the most adventurous, the most innovative, the most industrious of people.^ The result is that most legal immigrants now come from Asia and Latin America, and not Europe.
  • United Way of King County Community Assessment 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.uwkc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The fact is that illegal aliens from northern Europe or Canada are quite rare compared to those from Latin America, Asia or the Mid-east, while the opposite is true for the natives of America.
  • CNSNews.com - Sheriff Arpaio's Office Is Only Law Enforcement Agency in U.S. Denied Authority to Enforce Immigration Laws, Says DHS 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cnsnews.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite it’s long history in America, Mexican Immigration is one of the most controversial and divisive topics in the United States today.

[5]
.Given the distance of North America from Eurasia and the difficulty of travel before commercial airlines, most historical U.S. immigration was risky.^ Despite it’s long history in America, Mexican Immigration is one of the most controversial and divisive topics in the United States today.

^ Most immigrant visas (IV) require a petition approved by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) before any IV processing starts.
  • Immigrants to the United States - U.S. Consulate General Chennai, India 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC chennai.usconsulate.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unless more money and thought are given this problem, the increase in world refugee numbers will guarantee that America continues its historic pattern of unpreparedness.
  • United States of Asylum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.tedconover.com [Source type: Original source]

.Passenger aircraft have facilitated travel to the United States since the 1960s, but migration remains difficult, expensive and dangerous for those who cross the United States–Mexico border illegally.^ Q: Can an immigrant travel within the United States?
  • United States Immigration Services 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.countrymusicnews.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ The golden door: International migration, Mexico, and the United States.
  • Response to Bartlett and Lytwak (1995): Population and Immigration Policy in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC dieoff.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (The Mexico-United States border then was unguarded and freely crossed in either direction.
  • U.S. Immigration Debate Is a Road Well Traveled - washingtonpost.com 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: News]

.Recent immigration-related legislation has called for increasing enforcement of existing laws with regard to illegal immigrants, building a barrier along some or all of the 2,000-mile (3,200 km) U.S.-Mexico border, or creating a new guest worker program.^ Family-based Immigrants & The Immigration law .
  • Immigration and marriage to Foreign Nationals , Fiancee visa forms and applications Fiance United States marriage Service Center 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.formdomain.com [Source type: Reference]

^ This law must be made clear to all illegal immigrants and employers.
  • The Institute for Global Excellence - An Alternative U.S. Immigration Strategy 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.instiglobe.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The law authorizes the construction of 700 miles of fencing along the U.S.-Mexico border.
  • Support of Comprehensive Immigration Reform in the United States - URJ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC urj.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Through much of 2006, the country and Congress was immersed in a debate about these proposals.^ Much has been said and written about the absolute economic gain to this country through immigration.
  • Immigrants to the United States: Inspection, Social and Economic Conditions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "She commented about how much she loved this country," Kolken said.
  • Wife of missing soldier to stay in United States - The Boston Globe 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: News]

^ That the formulation of these policies is entrusted exclusively to Congress has become about as firmly embedded in the legislative and judicial tissues of our body politic as any aspect of our government.
  • Due Process Rights: Bringing a Foreign Fiancée or Spouse to the United States - Immigration Law Article 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.thesolomonlawfirm.com [Source type: Original source]

.As of March 2007, few of these proposals had become law, though a partial border fence was approved.^ Regardless of immigration reform laws, of a proposed 700 miles of a double-layer fence and additional physical barriers at borders and of angry rhetoric among competing interests, the unauthorized immigration from Central America will try to continue at high levels.

^ Because of these benefits, document fraud has become an increasing problem in U.S. immigration law.
  • Immigration News - The American Immigration Law Center - Detroit Immigration Laywer Terence G. Hoerman 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC americanimmigrationlaw.net [Source type: Reference]

^ The law authorizes the construction of 700 miles of fencing along the U.S.-Mexico border.
  • Support of Comprehensive Immigration Reform in the United States - URJ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC urj.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many cities, including Washington D.C., New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, San Francisco, San Diego, San Jose, Salt Lake City, Phoenix, Dallas, Fort Worth, Houston, Detroit, Jersey City, Minneapolis, Miami, Denver, Baltimore, Seattle, Portland, Oregon and Portland, Maine, have adopted sanctuary ordinances banning police from asking people about their immigration status.^ New city colleges were established, in New York, Chicago, and elsewhere.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ San Diego, CA Immigration attorney.
  • San Diego Immigration Lawyer Joel Friedman, San Diego Immigration Attorney, SanDiego Immigration Lawyer, Immigration Lawyer San Diego, Immigration Attorney San Diego,Immigration Attorneys San Diego, Immigration Lawyer San Diego 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigrationcounselor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Police ordered not to ask witnesses or victims for immigration status .
  • Immigration Reform News - Topix 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: News]

[6]

Contents

History

.American immigration history can be viewed in four epochs: the colonial period, the mid-nineteenth century, the turn of the twentieth, and post-1965. Each epoch brought distinct national groups - and races and ethnicities - to the United States.^ In earlier periods of immigration to the United States, immigrants were predominantly male.
  • The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Close window Largest ever immigration raid in United States history...
  • Largest ever immigration raid in United States history at a single site - KWWL.com - News & Weather for Waterloo, Dubuque, Cedar Rapids & Iowa City, Iowa | 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.kwwl.com [Source type: News]

^ The country has had four major periods of immigration.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The mid-nineteenth century saw mainly an influx from northern Europe; the early twentieth-century mainly from Southern and Eastern Europe; post-1965 mostly from Latin America and Asia.^ I saw let’s bring in immigrants from Latin America and Eastern Europe.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But in the beginning of the twentieth century, the newcomers were from Southern and Eastern Europe.
  • The Truth about Immigrants: Xenophobia existed in early America 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cjd.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The fact is that illegal aliens from northern Europe or Canada are quite rare compared to those from Latin America, Asia or the Mid-east, while the opposite is true for the natives of America.
  • CNSNews.com - Sheriff Arpaio's Office Is Only Law Enforcement Agency in U.S. Denied Authority to Enforce Immigration Laws, Says DHS 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cnsnews.com [Source type: Original source]

.From 1836 to 1914, over 30 million Europeans migrated to the United States.^ While the United States government over the years has deported only a small percentage of its millions of immigrants, nevertheless, deportation then and now is an element of American immigration policy.
  • The Emma Goldman Papers Curriculum: Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC sunsite.berkeley.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A separate survey in Mexico reveals the size of the Mexican population that is considering migration to the United States, including those inclined to come without legal status.
  • Research on Immigration - Pew Hispanic Center 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC pewhispanic.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Rise, Peak and Decline: Trends in U.S. Immigration 1992 � 2004 - Pew Hispanic Center 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC pewhispanic.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Immigrants and the Uninsured: More than 11 million immigrants in the United States were uninsured in 2003, accounting for 26.1 percent of the all uninsured individuals in the country.
  • The Impact of Immigration on Health Coverage in the United States | EBRI 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ebri.org [Source type: Academic]

[7]
.The Congress passed the Emergency Quota Act in 1921, followed by the Immigration Act of 1924.^ The first quota Act was passed in 1921, Quota Act of 1921.
  • America and Immigration Since the 1870s 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1921, the government passed the Emergency Quota Act.
  • The Truth about Immigrants: Xenophobia existed in early America 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cjd.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some 1.3 million illegal immigrants have left the United States since Congress failed to pass comprehensive immigration reform in the summer of 2007.
  • The Nawash Law Office - Car Accidents, Drunk Driving, Immigration, and Family Law attorneys in Northern Virginia, Maryland, Washington DC metro 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC nawashlaw.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The 1924 Act was aimed at further restricting the Southern and Eastern Europeans, especially Jews, Italians and Slavs, who had begun to enter the country in large numbers beginning in the 1890s.^ People from southern and eastern Europe began to come in large numbers.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1965 allowed far more skilled workers and family members to enter the country then ever before, and eliminated the old quota system that gave preference to western Europeans.
  • A history of immigration from China to the US. 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC goldenventuremovie.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By 1929 there was an annual maximum of 150,000, with southern and eastern Europeans accounting for only 30%.
  • Polish Immigration to the U.S. After WWI: Recent Immigrants from Poland Settled in Eastern Cities 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC genealogy.suite101.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .Most of the European refugees (principally Jews) fleeing the Nazis and World War II were barred from coming to the United States.^ What motivates immigrants to come to the United States?
  • The Emma Goldman Papers Curriculum: Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC sunsite.berkeley.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eastern European Jews immigrate to the United States.
  • Open Collections Program: Immigration to the United States, 1789-1930: Timeline 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC ocp.hul.harvard.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Why do immigrants come to the united states?
  • Why do immigrants come to the united states? - Yahoo! Answers 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

[9]
.Immigration patterns of the 1930s were dominated by the Great Depression, which hit the U.S. hard and lasted over ten years there.^ Visas are apportioned among six geographic regions based on immigration rates over the last five years, with a greater number of visas going to regions with lower rates of immigration.
  • Diversity Visa Lottery for Immigration to the U.S. now open (October 18, 2006) - U.S Embassy Nassau, Bahamas 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC nassau.usembassy.gov [Source type: News]

^ Le Roy was named as a "SuperLawyer" in the field of immigration in New Jersey Monthly for three out of the last four years, 2006, 2008 & and again in 2009.

^ "To Anyone Looking for a GREAT Immigration Lawyer: I have now been in the United States for 13 years and without the help and hard work of my immigration lawyer that would be close to impossible.
  • Law Office of Shaina Silvers - United States Immigration and Naturalization Matters 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.silversimmigration.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the last prosperous year (1929), there were 279,678 immigrants recorded, but in 1933 only 23,068 came to the U.S.[10][11] In the early 1930s, more people emigrated from the United States than immigrated to it.^ In earlier periods of immigration to the United States, immigrants were predominantly male.
  • The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ People look at the United States as the land .
  • Debate: Should illegal immigrants in the United States have a legal path to citizenship, or should they be deported? - US Immigration - Helium 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.helium.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are 12 million illegal immigrants in the United States.

[12] .The U.S. government sponsored a Mexican Repatriation program which was intended to encourage people to voluntarily move to Mexico, but thousands were deported against their will.^ Similarly, the Republican Party seems to believe that its support is growing among Hispanic voters and any move against "their people" would have political ramifications.
  • The cost of illegal immigration - Opinion 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC media.www.thebatt.com [Source type: News]

^ A hundred thousand people applied for asylum in the last fiscal year (the approval rate is about 30 percent), compared with almost a million who immigrated legally in other Government programs (chart, page 74).
  • United States of Asylum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.tedconover.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to the UN, nearly 191 million people (3% of the world’s population) were migrants in 2005; 154 million of those chose to move voluntarily.
  • Immigration « The Society of Jesus in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.jesuit.org [Source type: Original source]

.Altogether about 400,000 Mexicans were repatriated.^ Between 1900 and 1915, a total of 8,047 Koreans arrived in Hawaii, and of these, about 1,000 returned to Korea and about 1,400 moved on to the mainland United States.
  • annotated 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.duke.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Europe and Canada accounted for 600,000, or 6%, and Africa and other countries for about 400,000, or 3%.

[13]
.The Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 (the Hart-Cellar Act) abolished the system of national-origin quotas.^ Finally, the 1965 Immigration Act abolished the National Origins quota system and the restrictions on Asians.
  • History of Immigration and Naturalization in the United States - a knol by Themis Bezas 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Current U.S. immigration policy is based on the Immigration Act of 1965, which ended the national origins quota system.
  • A Summary of the Immigration Laws of the United States from 1882 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Submissions for the collection: The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act .
  • The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act - a knol by Dan 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.By equalizing immigration policies, the act resulted in new immigration from non-European nations which changed the ethnic make-up of the United States.^ Many changes have occurred after hundreds of years of immigration to the United States.
  • Why Do Immigrants Come to the United States Today? 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.edhelper.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Immigration to the United States can be a controversial issue.
  • Immigration to the United States - Lesson Plan Library 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC school.discoveryeducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 changed that, though.
  • Why Do Immigrants Come to the United States Today? 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.edhelper.com [Source type: Original source]

[14] Immigration doubled between 1965 and 1970, and doubled again between 1970 and 1990.[15]

Contemporary immigration

COB data US.PNG
.Until the 1930s, the gender imbalance among legal immigrants was quite sharp, with most legal immigrants being male.^ Many voters -- and the two presidential candidates -- want better law enforcement and ways to allow immigrants to work legally where they are most needed.
  • Immigration Remains Important Campaign Issue in United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.america.gov [Source type: News]
  • Immigration Remains Important Campaign Issue in United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC uruguay.usembassy.gov [Source type: News]

^ This is most apparent when they first arrive, about 70 per cent of them being males.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Would you be most likely to assume that they were born in this country, that they immigrated to this country legally, or that they were an illegal immigrant?"

.As of the 1990s, however, women accounted for just over half of all legal immigrants, indicating a shift away from the male dominated immigration of the past.^ The movement of immigrants from abroad to the heart of America’s largest cities is no longer the dominant pattern as it was in the past.
  • The New Geography of United States Immigration - Brookings Institution 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.brookings.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After arrival, German and Irish immigrants settled regionally by nativity within the U.S. The Irish accounted for 68 percent of all immigrants to the Northeast; Germans accounted for 47 percent of all immigrants to the Midwest; British immigrants accounted for 19 percent of immigrants to the Northeast and 20 percent of immigrants to the Midwest.
  • Mass Migration under Sail: European Immigration to the Antebellum United States | Book Reviews | EH.Net 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC eh.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Immigration Act of 1990 significantly reformed immigration laws by allocating visas among foreign countries more evenly and fostering increased legal immigrantion to the United States.
  • Justia :: Immigration Law Overview 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.justia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16]
.Contemporary immigrants tend to be younger than the native population of the United States, with people between the ages 15 and 34 substantially overrepresented.^ People look at the United States as the land .
  • Debate: Should illegal immigrants in the United States have a legal path to citizenship, or should they be deported? - US Immigration - Helium 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.helium.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Q: Can an immigrant travel within the United States?
  • United States Immigration Services 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.countrymusicnews.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ United States for less than ...
  • Article: United States Immigration Alert. - Mondaq Business Briefing | HighBeam Research - FREE trial 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.highbeam.com [Source type: Academic]

[17] .Immigrants are also more likely to be married and less likely to be divorced than native-born Americans of the same age.^ As we report in this study, immigrants produce somewhat less CO2 on average than native-born Americans.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many native-born Americans were hostile toward these immigrants.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Do immigrants use more welfare than natives?
  • Economic and Moral Factors in Favor of Open Immigration: The Independent Institute 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.independent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18]
.Immigrants are likely to move to and live in areas populated by people with similar backgrounds.^ Of the 117 million people added to the population during this period due to the effect of new immigration, 67 million will be the immigrants themselves and 50 million will be their U.S.-born children or grandchildren.
  • Immigration to Play Lead Role In Future U.S. Growth - Pew Research Center 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC pewresearch.org [Source type: News]

^ The CHC opposes immigration enforcement measures that will only serve to push immigrants further into the shadows where they live in fear and are more likely to be exploited.
  • Principles: Immigration | United States Congressional Hispanic Caucus 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC velazquez.house.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to the UN, nearly 191 million people (3% of the world’s population) were migrants in 2005; 154 million of those chose to move voluntarily.
  • Immigration « The Society of Jesus in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.jesuit.org [Source type: Original source]

.This phenomenon has held true throughout the history of immigration to the United States.^ Throughout time, immigrants have shaped the history of the United States of America.

^ Close window Largest ever immigration raid in United States history...
  • Largest ever immigration raid in United States history at a single site - KWWL.com - News & Weather for Waterloo, Dubuque, Cedar Rapids & Iowa City, Iowa | 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.kwwl.com [Source type: News]

^ Many of the resources listed focus on the history of immigration in the United States.
  • IPL Pathfinder: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ipl.org.ar [Source type: Academic]

[19]
.Three-quarters of immigrants surveyed by Public Agenda said they intend to make the U.S. their permanent home.^ The important difference between the two visas are related to the intention for visiting the Unites States; nonimmigrant visas are intended for Temporary Visits and immigrant visas are for individuals relocating permanently to the United States.
  • United States Immigration and Visas 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigrationvisa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ An immigrant is someone who moves to a country with the intent of making that new place his or her permanent home.
  • Enforcing US Immigration Laws and Immigrating to the United States| Information provided by your Hawaii immigration lawyer, who understands the immigration process first-hand 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.militaryandcriminallaw.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As students read the books, make sure they keep a journal, detailing their own attitudes toward immigrants and immigration and noting any changes or complications in their views.
  • Immigration to the United States - Lesson Plan Library 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC school.discoveryeducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If they had to do it over again, 80 percent of immigrants say they would still come to the U.S. 50 percent of immigrants say the government has become tougher on enforcing immigration laws since 9/11, and 30% report that they personally have experienced discrimination.^ And still they come : immigrants and American society, 1920 to the 1990s.
  • IPL Pathfinder: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ipl.org.ar [Source type: Academic]

^ Enforce the existing immigration laws.
  • Obama Heads to Hill to Talk Immigration Reform « The Washington Independent 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC washingtonindependent.com [Source type: Original source]

^ B. Immigration law after September 11, 2001 .
  • United States Immigration Law in a World of Terror » Publications » The Federalist Society 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fed-soc.org [Source type: Original source]

[20]
.Public attitudes about immigration in the U.S. have been heavily influenced by the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks.^ A. Immigration law before September 11, 2001 .
  • United States Immigration Law in a World of Terror » Publications » The Federalist Society 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fed-soc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ B. Immigration law after September 11, 2001 .
  • United States Immigration Law in a World of Terror » Publications » The Federalist Society 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fed-soc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Created in March 2003, USICE is the largest investigative branch of the DHS. The agency was created after September 11, 2001, by combining the law enforcement arms of the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and the former U.S. Customs Service, to more effectively enforce immigration and customs laws and to protect the United States against terrorist attacks.
  • Current Immigration Laws in the USA - Explanation of Basic Immigration Laws - Thaker | Berowitz | LLP 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.thakerlaw.com [Source type: Original source]

.The number of Americans who told the Gallup poll they wanted immigration restricted increased 20 percentage points after the attacks.^ I told immigration this and they let me in.
  • The Old New Thing : Welcome to the United States, unless you're a Canadian technologist who is an invited guest at a Microsoft conference, in which case, keep out 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC blogs.msdn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Polls consistently show Americans want less immigration, not more.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who do have such an exam often are good candidates for immigration, as they can obtain an H-1B visa and then “adjust their status” to permanent resident while working in the U.S. .
  • Doctor immigration into the United States: news from NEJM CareerCenter 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nejmjobs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21] .Half of Americans say tighter controls on immigration would do "a great deal" to enhance U.S. national security, according to a Public Agenda survey.^ National security provisions of U.S. immigration law .
  • United States Immigration Law in a World of Terror » Publications » The Federalist Society 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fed-soc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nearly half the denizens of Canada's most populous metropolis were born outside the nation's borders—47 percent according to the 2006 census, and the number is rising.
  • The immigration fallacy - THE WEEK 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theweek.com [Source type: News]

^ The strain caused by the rise in AIDS patients, among other factors, are [error in original] causing the nation's urban public hospitals to crumble according to the survey.
  • HIV Travel/Immigration Ban: Background, Documentation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.aids.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22]
.Public opinion surveys suggest that Americans see both the good and bad sides of immigration.^ Public opinion polls showed that the bill was unpopular among Americans surveyed, many of whom believed it would make things worse.
  • Comprehensive immigration bill fails in United States Senate - Wikinews, the free news source 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC en.wikinews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Given the contentious nature of the debate over immigration in the United States, the Internet is also full of sites chiming in on both sides of the issue.
  • The Politics of Immigration in the United States and Mexico 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC bcs.whfreeman.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That hasn’t changes since the 2006 immigration legislation collapsed when the U.S. Senate surrendered to public opinion .
  • 56% Say U.S. Government Policies Encourage Illegal Immigration - Rasmussen Reports™ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.rasmussenreports.com [Source type: News]

[23] .A June 2006 NBC/Wall Street Journal poll found the public evenly divided on the fundamental question of whether immigration helps or hurts the country, with 44 percent saying it helps and 45 percent saying it hurts the U.S.[24] Surveys show that the U.S. public has a far more positive outlook about legal immigration than illegal immigration.^ "Overall, do you think ILLEGAL immigrants do more to help the country or do more to hurt the country?"

^ "Would you say that immigration helps the United States more than it hurts it, or immigration hurts the United States more than it helps it?"

^ Polls consistently show Americans want less immigration, not more.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

.The public is less willing to provide government services or legal protections to illegal immigrants.^ It legalized hundred of thousands of illegal immigrants.
  • United Way of King County Community Assessment 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.uwkc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Typically, a reputable public interest legal service provider in each location is charged with providing know-your-rights presentations to the children, screening the children for relief from removal, and referring them to pro bono representation.
  • Protecting Unaccompanied Immigrant and Refugee Children in the United States - Human Rights Magazine, Winter 2005 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.abanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Create a social security account for all illegal immigrants that become U.S. citizens with their initial social security account balance equaling the amount of illegal immigration taxes paid to the U.S. government.
  • The Institute for Global Excellence - An Alternative U.S. Immigration Strategy 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.instiglobe.org [Source type: Original source]

.When survey data is examined by race, African Americans are both more willing to extend government services to illegal immigrants and more worried about competition for jobs, according to the Pew Research Center.^ Illegal immigrants take away jobs that are wanted by Americans."

^ The top worry is that illegal immigrants will strain the government.
  • FOXNews.com - 04/06/06 FOX Poll: Views on Illegal Immigration, Bush Job Rating Down - Polls | AP Polls | Gallup Poll | Opinion Polls 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.foxnews.com [Source type: News]

^ The immigrants were willing to work for any wage and made it very competitive for the Americans to get a job.
  • America and Immigration Since the 1870s 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: Original source]

[25]

Demography

.Current immigration rates are moderate, even though America admitted more legal immigrants from 1991 to 2000 (between 10-11 million) than in any previous decade.^ Finally, the children of immigrants were even more successful than their parents.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Previous 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Next Video .
  • Immigration News, Headlines and Latest Stories on Yahoo! News 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC news.yahoo.com [Source type: News]

^ (Such countries are currently defined as those with fewer than 50,000 emigrants to the United States in the previous five years.
  • So You Want To Immigrate to the United States - By June Thomas - Slate Magazine 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.slate.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the most recent decade, the 10 million legal immigrants that settled in the U.S. represent an annual growth of only about one-third of 1% (as the U.S. population grew from 249 million to 281 million).^ At first, the flow of one million immigrants annually wasn't noticed.
  • The Titanic and the United States - Article by Frosty Wooldridge - speaker, author, environmentalist, patriot, bicyclist; Frosty promotes open discussion of environmental and U.S. national sustainability issues, and reduction of immigration to replacement levels in order to stabilize U.S. population. Frosty is also known as Frosty Woolridge 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.frostywooldridge.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In terms of the annual inflow of legal immigrants, about one in seven are Mexican.
  • Migration Information Source - Mexican Immigration to the US: The Latest Estimates 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.migrationinformation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Asia at about 0.9 million represents 10 percent.
  • Migration Information Source - Mexican Immigration to the US: The Latest Estimates 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.migrationinformation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By comparison, the highest previous decade was 1901-1910 when 8.8 million people arrived increasing the total U.S. population by 1 percent per year as the U.S. population grew from 76 to 92 million during that decade.^ The United States' population is increasing by 3 million per year.
  • POPULATION-ENVIRONMENT BALANCE 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC dieoff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The world’s population increased by 76 million people in 2006 and 95 percent of that increase occurred in the developing world.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During that same period, America’s population increased 16.1 percent.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

.Specifically, "nearly 15% of Americans were foreign-born in 1910, while in 1999, only about 10% were foreign-born."^ An odd consequence of the ambition of these foreign-born men to rise, tending inevitably to break down racial barriers, is that they covet an American-born wife.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although people of European origin dominated the immigrant flow from the country's founding until the 1950s, only about 10 percent of those admitted in the 1980s were of European origin.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Over one in every two Mexican immigrants is undocumented, compared with about one in every six for the remainder of the foreign born.
  • Migration Information Source - Mexican Immigration to the US: The Latest Estimates 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.migrationinformation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26]
."The racial and ethnic identity of the United States is - once again - being remade.^ By being born in the United States .
  • Carol L. Edward: Immigration Lawyer Seattle, United States Citizen, H-1B Visa, Legal Immigrant 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.seattle-immigration.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is not possible to get a visa once in the United States.
  • United States Immigration and Visas 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigrationvisa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These restrictions were based upon a percentage system according to the number of ethnic groups already living in the United States as per the 1890 and 1910 Census.
  • Story of Immigration in the U.S. : Ellis Island -- Brown Quarterly -- v. 4, no. 1 -- Fall 2000 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC brownvboard.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • STLI Service 2 Description 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The 2000 Census counts some 28 million first generation immigrants among us.^ For the first time, the United States Census surveys the "nativity" of citizens (born inside or outside the US).
  • Open Collections Program: Immigration to the United States, 1789-1930: Timeline 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC ocp.hul.harvard.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Lesser Known Non-immigrant Visas This month immigration lawyer,Sean Keane-Dawes, Esq., talk to us about some lesser know non-immigrant visas.
  • Immigration (Jamaica) 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.jamaicans.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By Bouvier's count, at that point more than a third (36 percent) of the U.S. population will be post-1970 immigrants and their descendants--a staggering 139 million people.
  • Hoover Institution - Hoover Digest - The Case against Immigration as We Know It 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.hoover.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is the highest number in history - often pointed out by anti-immigration lobbyists - but it is not the highest percentage of the foreign-born in relation to the overall population.^ The countries we came from had nothing to do with our opportunities.” The 1970s were the first generation since the 1890s that the percentage of foreign born population increased, and it increased 1.5%.
  • The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act - a knol by Dan 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nearly half the denizens of Canada's most populous metropolis were born outside the nation's borders—47 percent according to the 2006 census, and the number is rising.
  • The immigration fallacy - THE WEEK 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theweek.com [Source type: News]

^ Overall, as reported by The Washington Post, the foreign-born population in the U.S. grew by only 511,000 in 2007, compared with approximately one million per year from 2000 through 2006.

.In 1907, that ratio was 14 percent; today it is 10 percent."^ Imagine what U.S. policy would look like today if our earnings had fallen by 10 percent as a result of past immigration.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Legal immigration to the U.S. increased from 250,000 in the 1930s, 2.5 million in the 1950s, 4.5 million in the 1970s, and 7.3 million in the 1980s to about 10 million in the 1990s.^ Today an estimated eight million or more people live in the United States without legal documents, and each year the number grows by an estimated 250,000 as more immigrants enter illegally or overstay their visas.
  • Willing Workers: Fixing the Problem of Illegal Mexican Migration to the United States | Daniel Griswold | Cato Institute: Trade Policy Analysis 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cato.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Immigration Act of 1990 increases the number of immigrants allowed into the United States each year to 700,000.

^ A hundred thousand people applied for asylum in the last fiscal year (the approval rate is about 30 percent), compared with almost a million who immigrated legally in other Government programs (chart, page 74).
  • United States of Asylum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.tedconover.com [Source type: Original source]

[27] .Since 2000, legal immigrants to the United States number approximately 1,000,000 per year, of whom about 600,000 are Change of Status immigrants who already are in the U.S. Legal immigrants to the United States now are at their highest level ever at over 37,000,000 legal immigrants.^ Q: Can an immigrant travel within the United States?
  • United States Immigration Services 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.countrymusicnews.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Just under a million immigrants arrive in the United States each year.
  • IPL Pathfinder: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ipl.org.ar [Source type: Academic]

^ Second, you must have entered the United States in legal status i.e.
  • Immigration (Jamaica) 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.jamaicans.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Illegal immigration may be as high as 1,500,000 per year with a net of at least 700,000 illegal immigrants arriving each year to join the 12,000,000 to 20,000,000 that are already there.^ There are 12 million illegal immigrants in the United States.

^ Permanent illegals per year .
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Immigration 1820-1996 per year .
  • United States Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.uwlax.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28] (Pew Hispanic Data Estimates [8]) Immigration led to a 57.4% increase in foreign born population from 1990 to 2000.[29]
.While immigration has increased drastically over the last century, the foreign born share of the population was still higher in 1900 (about 20%) than it is today (about 10%).^ Growing Share of Immigrants Choosing Naturalization The proportion of all legal foreign-born residents who have become naturalized U.S. citizens rose to 52% in 2005, the highest level in a quarter of a century and a 14 percentage point increase since 1990, according to an analysis by the Pew Hispanic Center.
  • Research on Immigration - Pew Hispanic Center 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC pewhispanic.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The countries we came from had nothing to do with our opportunities.” The 1970s were the first generation since the 1890s that the percentage of foreign born population increased, and it increased 1.5%.
  • The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act - a knol by Dan 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He notes that most studies show that within the next 20 to 30 years Latinos will comprise more than 50 percent of the population of California.
  • Aztlan Dream to Retake the Southwestern United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.mnforsustain.org [Source type: Original source]

.A number of factors may be attributed to the decrease in the representation of foreign born residents in the United States.^ Foreign workers -- United States.
  • Project MUSE - Subject Browse 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC muse.jhu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Who is born a United States citizen?
  • American Citizenship, U.s. Citizenship, Us Citizenship Test,United States Citizenship, How To Become A Us Citizen 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigrationdirect.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By being born in the United States .
  • Carol L. Edward: Immigration Lawyer Seattle, United States Citizen, H-1B Visa, Legal Immigrant 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.seattle-immigration.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most significant has been the change in the composition of immigrants.^ This is a quick history of immigration and naturalization in the Unitged States from the Declaration of Indepedence to the 1965 Immigration Law that changed the origins of most immigrants since 1965.
  • History of Immigration and Naturalization in the United States - a knol by Themis Bezas 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Again, the changing ethnic composition was critical: throughout the nineteenth century, immigrants had come mostly from Northern and Western Europe.
  • The Truth about Immigrants: Xenophobia existed in early America 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cjd.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This reflects both a change in the composition of the Mexican population in the United States and new modes of immigrant incorporation, consistent with the assimilation and the transnational narratives.
  • Project MUSE - Subject Browse 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC muse.jhu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Prior to 1890, 82% of immigrants came from north and western Europe.^ Nearly all of them came from northern and western Europe.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We thought it a menace in 1890 that 40 per cent of our immigrants were to be found in the North Atlantic States.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That formula ensured that 126,600 of the immigrants would be from northern and western Europe.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From 1891 to 1920, that number dropped to 25%, with a rise in immigrants from East, Central, and South Europe summing up to 64%.^ The number of immigrants began to rise rapidly.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Includes all immigrants from other countries not specifically listed in the top-25 countries, broken down (and apportioned according to their relative frequency) by the following regions: Europe, South Asia, East-Southeast Asia, Middle East, Central America, Caribbean, South America, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Oceana.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While the focus tends to be on immigrants from Mexico, the context of this topic also encompasses immigrants and refugees from other areas of the world, including Central and South America; Cuba, African nations, including Sudan and Somalia; Southeast Asia; and the Middle East.

.Animosity towards these different and foreign immigrants rose in the United States, resulting in much legislation to limit immigration.^ Why do immigrants come to the united states?
  • Why do immigrants come to the united states? - Yahoo! Answers 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Q: Can an immigrant travel within the United States?
  • United States Immigration Services 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.countrymusicnews.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ These changes have resulted in a significant increase in the number of African immigrants to the United States.
  • Contemporary African Immigrants to The United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.africamigration.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Contemporary immigrants settle predominantly in seven states: California, New York, Florida, Texas, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Illinois.^ We looked at the different costs in Florida, California, New York, and Texas.
  • Blog La Plaza. The Cost of Illegal Immigration - Edward Schumacher-Matos . 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC lp.thecolorline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Six states were designated as the intended destination of nearly three-fourths of all immigrants (California, New York, Florida, Texas, New Jersey, and Illinois).
  • Tuberculosis Among Foreign-Born Persons Entering the United States -- Recommendations of the Advisory Committee for Elimination of Tuberculosis 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC wonder.cdc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most Chinese immigrants have settled in the following states: California, New York, Hawaii, Texas, New Jersey, Illinois, Washington, Florida, Virginia and Massachusetts.
  • A history of immigration from China to the US. 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC goldenventuremovie.com [Source type: Original source]

.These are all high foreign-born population states, together comprising about 44% of the U.S. population as a whole.^ The countries we came from had nothing to do with our opportunities.” The 1970s were the first generation since the 1890s that the percentage of foreign born population increased, and it increased 1.5%.
  • The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act - a knol by Dan 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The decennial census, the Current Population Survey (CPS), and similar sources of information about the population and labor force do not ask foreign-born people about their legal status in the United States aside from whether they are naturalized citizens.
  • Demographics: Countries of Origin, States of Residence, and Employment Data - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The Mexican-born population would grow from about nine million in 2000 to almost 13 million in 2010; at that point, more than 10 percent of the Mexican-born population would be in the United States with less than 90 percent in Mexico.
  • Migration Information Source - Mexican Immigration to the US: The Latest Estimates 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.migrationinformation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The combined total immigrant population of these seven states is much higher than what would be proportional, with 70% of the total foreign-born population as of 2000. Of those who immigrated between 2000 and 2005, 58% were from Latin America.^ Total and Vietnamese Foreign-Born Populations, 1960 to 2006 .
  • ILW.COM - immigration news: Vietnamese Immigrants In The United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ilw.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So the true impact of immigration is the proportion of immigrants and their descendants in the American population.
  • Hoover Institution - Hoover Digest - The Case against Immigration as We Know It 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.hoover.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Countries for 2000 are listed to compare the population change between 2000 and 2005.
  • Demographics: Countries of Origin, States of Residence, and Employment Data - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Academic]

.Bureau figures show that the U.S. population grew by 2.8 million between July 1, 2004, and July 1, 2005.[30] Hispanics accounted for 1.3 million of that increase.^ Percent increase for Washington was computed from average annual increase between 2000 and 2005 because population of unauthorized immigrants in Washington in 2005 was not available for release by the Department of Homeland Security.
  • Demographics: Countries of Origin, States of Residence, and Employment Data - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Many have population doubling times of between 20 and 30 years, large numbers of children per family, and an extremely large proportion of the total population which is very young.
  • POPULATION-ENVIRONMENT BALANCE 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC dieoff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Hispanic population is forecast to experience especially strong growth, averaging over 1.9 percent annually and accounting for more than two–thirds of California’s total population growth between 2008 and 2014.
  • CAPS - Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.capsweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31] .If current birth rate and immigration rates were to remain unchanged for another 70 to 80 years, the U.S. population would double to nearly 600 million.^ At this rate, our population will double in about 60 years.
  • THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OFIMMIGRATION INTO THE UNITED STATES 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.carryingcapacity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the past ten years, the U.S. population of illegal immigrants has risen from five million to nearly twelve million, prompting angry charges that the country has lost control over its borders.
  • State Approaches to Illegal Immigration - Asiaing.com: Free eBooks, Free Magazines, Free Magazine Subscriptions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.asiaing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The immigrant share of total U.S. population is growing at a record-breaking rate, and in fiscal year 2007, nearly 1.4 million naturalization applications were filed, almost twice as many as during the previous year.
  • CAPS - Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.capsweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .The Census Bureau's estimates actually go as high as predicting that there will be one billion Americans in 2100, compared with one million people in 1700 and 5.2 million in 1800.[33][34] Census statistics also show that 45% of children under age 5 are from a racial or ethnic minority.^ The Census Bureau has also developed estimates of its own.
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By 2050, the Census Bureau estimates that the U.S. population will have reached 391 million.
  • Hoover Institution - Hoover Digest - The Case against Immigration as We Know It 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.hoover.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nearly half of the nation's children under 5 belong to a racial or ethnic minority.
  • 300 Million and Counting | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35][36]
.In 2006, a total of 1,266,264 immigrants became legal permanent residents of the United States, up from 601,516 in 1987, 849,807 in 2000, and 1,122,373 in 2005.[37] The top twelve migrant-sending countries in 2006, by country of birth, were Mexico (173,753), People's Republic of China (87,345), Philippines (74,607), India (61,369), Cuba (45,614), Colombia (43,151), Dominican Republic (38,069), El Salvador (31,783), Vietnam (30,695), Jamaica (24,976), South Korea (24,386), Guatemala (24,146), Other countries - 606,370.[38] In fiscal year 2006, 202 refugees from Iraq were allowed to resettle in the United States.^ People look at the United States as the land .
  • Debate: Should illegal immigrants in the United States have a legal path to citizenship, or should they be deported? - US Immigration - Helium 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.helium.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Q: Can an immigrant travel within the United States?
  • United States Immigration Services 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.countrymusicnews.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Just under a million immigrants arrive in the United States each year.
  • IPL Pathfinder: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ipl.org.ar [Source type: Academic]

[39][40] .Muslim immigration to the U.S. is rising and in 2005 alone more people from Muslim countries became legal permanent U.S. residents — nearly 96,000 — than in any year in the previous two decades.^ Are 65 years old or older and have been a permanent resident alien for more than 20 years.
  • How to become a U.S. citizen 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.visaus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So here's my proposal: Let's roll out the red carpet and try to get as many developers coming to the United States as the total number of people who normally enter the country each year (about 1.3 million legally or illegally, according to the Center for Immigration Studies).
  • Open the floodgates to IT immigration | Adventures in IT - InfoWorld 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.infoworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Because of the complexity of immigration issues, it is helpful to see a distinction between (a) people who already live permanently in a foreign country, possibly without legal sanction; and (b) people who want or intend to immigrate to a foreign country, perhaps because of instability or lack of opportunity in their home nation.
  • Statement on Immigration Issues in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cofchrist.org [Source type: Original source]

[41][42]
.In 1900, when the U.S. population was 76 million, there were an estimated 500,000 Hispanics.^ It is now estimated that non-Hispanic whites may form a minority of the population soon after 2050.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An estimated 12 million unauthorized immigrants live in the United States, and the past decade saw an average of 500,000 illegal entrants per year.
  • "The Economics and Policy of Illegal Immigration in the United States" | The Hive 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thehive.modbee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, the illegal alien population is currently estimated at around 15 million, and I agree with many who believe that the number is considerably higher.
  • United States Congressman Mark Souder (R-IN) 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC souder.house.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43] .The Census Bureau projects that by 2050, one-quarter of the population will be of Hispanic descent.^ By 2050, the Census Bureau projects, whites will constitute only 52.7 percent of the U.S. population.
  • Hoover Institution - Hoover Digest - The Case against Immigration as We Know It 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.hoover.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By 2050, the Census Bureau estimates that the U.S. population will have reached 391 million.
  • Hoover Institution - Hoover Digest - The Case against Immigration as We Know It 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.hoover.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is now estimated that non-Hispanic whites may form a minority of the population soon after 2050.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44] .This demographic shift is largely fueled by immigration from Latin America.^ Census figures show that 90 percent of illegal immigration comes from Latin America, with 70 percent of the total from Mexico.
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Consider for a moment if California decided she wanted to have an open border policy, encourage and welcome millions of immigrants from Latin America to immigrate.
  • The US Constitution Only Delegates the Power Over Immigration or Asylum to the States - The Federalist Blog 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC federalistblog.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Instead, America’s permissive immigration policies appear to enable demographic and ecological irresponsibility and continuing social injustice.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

[45][46]

Origin

Rate of immigration to the United States relative to sending countries' population size, 2001-2005
.
Projected regional growth rates using birth, death, immigration, and emigration rates.
^ Reasons for immigration differ by region of birth.
  • nsf.gov - SRS Why Did They Come to the United States? A Profile of Immigrant Scientists and Engineers - US National Science Foundation (NSF) 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nsf.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Use various types of atlases and appropriate vocabulary to describe the physical attributes of a place or region, employing such concepts as climate, plate tectonics, volcanism, and landforms, and to describe the human attributes, employing such concepts as demographics, birth and death rates, doubling time, emigration, and immigration.
  • United States Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.uwlax.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Longer-range projections done by the Census Bureau show a U.S. population by 2100 of between 571 million and 1.18 billion using the Bureau’s middle or high range immigration scenario.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Latin America and Caribbean will be growing slower than US by 2024
Projected immigration 2000, 2004 and 2010:
Top Ten Foreign Countries - Foreign Born Population Among U.S. Immigrants
Country #/year 2000 2004 2010 2010, %
Mexico 175,900 7,841,000 8,544,600 9,600,000 23.7%
China 50,900 1,391,000 1,594,600 1,900,000 4.7%
Philippines 47,800 1,222,000 1,413,200 1,700,000 4.2%
India 59,300 1,007,000 1,244,200 1,610,000 4.0%
Vietnam 33,700 863,000 997,800 1,200,000 3.0%
Cuba 14,800 952,000 1,011,200 1,100,000 2.7%
El Salvador 33,500 765,000 899,000 1,100,000 2.7%
Dominican Republic 24,900 692,000 791,600 941,000 2.3%
Canada 24,200 678,000 774,800 920,000 2.3%
Korea 17,900 701,000 772,600 880,000 2.2%
Total Pop. Top 10 498,900 16,112,000 18,747,600 21,741,000 53.7%
Total Foreign Born 940,000 31,100,000 34,860,000 40,500,000 100%
.
Historical Data from 2000 U.S. Census and 2004 Yearbook of Immigrant Statistics
  1. The average number of legal immigrants/year immigrating from 2000 to 2007
  2. The number of foreign born immigrants in the U.S. from 2000 census
  3. Year 2004 foreign born.^ That would be about the same as the net number of legal immigrants each year...
    • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Immigration Act of 1990 significantly reformed immigration laws by allocating visas among foreign countries more evenly and fostering increased legal immigrantion to the United States.
    • Justia :: Immigration Law Overview 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.justia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ However overall immigrants fare well in terms of income with adult, foreign-born, naturalized citizens actually have higher adjusted gross incomes (averaging $40,502) than families with U.S.-born citizens only ($35,249).
    • Past and Present US immigration Facts in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.rapidimmigration.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Year 2000 foreign born plus 2000 to 2004 immigration
  4. Year 2010 foreign born projected assuming average number per year is maintained
  5. Percent of foreign born from this country
  6. Legal immigration numbers as reported to immigration authorities only
  7. Estimated illegal immigration numbers.

Immigration by state

Percentage change in Foreign Born Population 1990 to 2000
North Carolina 273.7% South Carolina 132.1% Mississippi 95.8% Wisconsin 59.4% Vermont 32.5%
Georgia 233.4% Minnesota 130.4% Washington 90.7% New Jersey 52.7% Connecticut 32.4%
Nevada 202.0% Idaho 121.7% Texas 90.2% Alaska 49.8% New Hampshire 31.5%
Arkansas 196.3% Kansas 114.4% New Mexico 85.8% Michigan 47.3% Ohio 30.7%
Utah 170.8% Iowa 110.3% Virginia 82.9% Wyoming 46.5% Hawaii 30.4%
Tennessee 169.0% Oregon 108.0% Missouri 80.8% Pennsylvania 37.6% North Dakota 29.0%
Nebraska 164.7% Alabama 101.6% South Dakota 74.6% California 37.2% Rhode Island 25.4%
Colorado 159.7% Delaware 101.6% Maryland 65.3% New York 35.6% West Virginia 23.4%
Arizona 135.9% Oklahoma 101.2% Florida 60.6% Massachusetts 34.7% Montana 19.0%
Kentucky 135.3% Indiana 97.9% Illinois 60.6% Louisiana 32.6% Maine 1.1%
Source: U.S. Census 1990 and 2000
.Average change in U.S. from 1990 to 2000 was a 57.4% increase in foreign population.^ The Immigration Act of 1990 significantly reformed immigration laws by allocating visas among foreign countries more evenly and fostering increased legal immigrantion to the United States.
  • Justia :: Immigration Law Overview 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.justia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It may make all the difference between an increasing or declining population whether the average age of marriage is twenty years or twenty-nine years.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Between 2000 and 2007, the unauthorized population increased 3.3 million; the annual average increase during this period was 470,000.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

.See:Census 2003 publications [9] for more complete information.^ For more information see the DOS Web site at http://exchanges.state.gov/education/jexchanges/ .
  • ICE Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ice.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For more information see the FAQ on the SEVIS I-901 fee .
  • ICE Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ice.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See Asylee Adjustment for more information about becoming a lawful permanent resident.
  • USCIS - Frequently Asked Questions About Asylum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.uscis.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Effects of immigration

Demographics

.Immigration is now what keeps America growing.^ As illegal immigration continues unchecked in occupied America , the desperation level grows .
  • 12/11/02 - Juan Mann�s Frequently Asked Questions About Immigration and the Law 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.vdare.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since millions fear for their lives in many lands, political asylum now raises a much larger immigration question: How many asylees can America take in?
  • United States of Asylum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.tedconover.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Advent of Modern America (1865 to 1920) - Scroll down to Section E. New immigration and migration; life in growing American cities.
  • Industrialization of the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.westirondequoit.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to the UN the typical American woman today bears 1.93 children.^ When intermarriage between two peoples occurs, six times out of seven it is the Irish woman who bears the children.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

.That is below the 2.1 "replacement" rate required to keep a population stable over time, absent immigration.^ Set an example for the world and stop our own population growth here in the U.S. This will require zero net immigration and significant reductions in fertility.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The U.S. population grew substantially during this time, too, from 115 million to 194 million, primarily due to high rates of natural increase.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If fertility continued to be below the replacement level, as it is in much of Europe, the U.S. population size would then start to decline slowly and naturally in the direction of a sustainable U.S. population.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

.The Census Bureau estimates the US population will grow from 281 million in 2000 to 397 mil in 2050 with expected immigration, but only to 328 mil with zero immigration.^ The Census Bureau has also developed estimates of its own.
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their estimate at the time of the 2000 Census suggests that the illegal immigration population was about 8 million.
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By 2050, the Census Bureau projects, whites will constitute only 52.7 percent of the U.S. population.
  • Hoover Institution - Hoover Digest - The Case against Immigration as We Know It 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.hoover.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."If we have zero immigration with today's low birthrates the American population would eventually begin to shrink.^ Imagine what U.S. policy would look like today if our earnings had fallen by 10 percent as a result of past immigration.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under the zero immigration projection, the U.S. population continues to grow throughout the 21st century, adding over 100 million people by 2100.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ With the exception of Filipinos and Asian college students admitted to American colleges and universities, this Act would prohibit all immigration from Asia.
  • annotated 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.duke.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[48]
.A new report from the Pew Research Center projects that by 2050, non-Hispanic whites will account for 47% of the population, down from the 2005 figure of 67%.^ A recent Pew Hispanic Center report estimated that 82 percent of population growth between 2005 and 2050 will be from immigrants and their descendents.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The face of the future is already in our schools: our kindergartens now prefigure the country as a whole, circa 2050—a place where non-Hispanic whites are a slight majority.
  • 300 Million and Counting | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is now estimated that non-Hispanic whites may form a minority of the population soon after 2050.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49] .Non-Hispanic whites made up 85% of the population in 1960.[50] It foresees the Hispanic population rising from 14% in 2005 to 29% by 2050.[51] The Asian population is expected to more than triple by 2050. Overall, the population of the United States is due to rise from 296 million in 2005 to 438 million, with 82% of the increase coming from immigrants.^ Immigrants have made enormous contributions to the culture and economy of the United States.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This 20 million amounts to more than 6 percent of our current U.S. population (296 million in mid-2005) and is larger than the population of most states.
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Illegal immigrantion to the United States .
  • Free Immigration Help -> Immigration to the United States | Immigration Forum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigrationhelp.org [Source type: General]
  • Free Immigration Help -> How to Immigrate to the United States | Immigration Forum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigrationhelp.org [Source type: General]

[52]
.In 35 of the country's 50 largest cities, non-Hispanic whites were at the last census or are predicted to be in the minority.^ It is now estimated that non-Hispanic whites may form a minority of the population soon after 2050.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The face of the future is already in our schools: our kindergartens now prefigure the country as a whole, circa 2050—a place where non-Hispanic whites are a slight majority.
  • 300 Million and Counting | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The trend for tuberculosis among children in the United States has been characterized by greater increases in case rates for minority children compared with that of white, non-Hispanic children and a relative risk of 8.5 to 12.7 among foreign-born children compared with that of children born in the United States.
  • Immigration and Tuberculosis Among Children on the United States-Mexico Border, County of San Diego, California -- Kenyon et al. 104 (1): e8 -- Pediatrics 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC pediatrics.aappublications.org [Source type: Academic]

[53] In California, non-Hispanic whites slipped from 80% of the state's population in 1970 to 43% in 2006.[54][55]

Economic

.Hispanic immigrants across the United States are being hit hard by the subprime mortgage crisis.^ Illegal immigrantion to the United States .
  • Free Immigration Help -> Immigration to the United States | Immigration Forum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigrationhelp.org [Source type: General]
  • Free Immigration Help -> How to Immigrate to the United States | Immigration Forum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigrationhelp.org [Source type: General]

^ In the century from 1850 to 1950 millions of immigrants from several counties came to the United States.
  • Lesson Plan: Migration and Immigration to the Columbia River Basin 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.vancouver.wsu.edu [Source type: Reference]

^ Illegal immigrantion to the United States There are between 12 and 20 million undocumented workers in the United States.
  • Free Immigration Help -> Immigration to the United States | Immigration Forum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigrationhelp.org [Source type: General]

.There is a disproportionate level of foreclosures in some immigrant neighborhoods.^ There is some undercount in these surveys of recently arrived immigrants, and therefore it is more likely that 1.6 million new immigrants arrive each year.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[56]
.The banking industry provided home loans to undocumented immigrants, viewing it as an untapped resource for growing their own revenue stream.^ As students read the books, make sure they keep a journal, detailing their own attitudes toward immigrants and immigration and noting any changes or complications in their views.
  • Immigration to the United States - Lesson Plan Library 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC school.discoveryeducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This reflects being both an immigrant culture with its own language and a diaspora community with significant social ties to their home regions.
  • About JCPA-Jewish-Latino Interactions in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.jcpa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To help send more illegal immigrants back to their home countries, the Budget provides $2.1 billion to support detention and removal efforts.
  • Budget of the United States Government, FY 2007 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[57] .In October 2008, KFYI reported that according to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, five million illegal immigrants hold fraudulent home mortgages.^ Illegal immigrantion to the United States There are between 12 and 20 million undocumented workers in the United States.
  • Free Immigration Help -> Immigration to the United States | Immigration Forum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigrationhelp.org [Source type: General]

^ This conclusion is derived from a draft report given to the House immigration subcommittee by the INS that estimated the illegal population was 3.5 million in 1990.
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Currently about 183,000 illegal aliens per year depart without the intervention of immigration officials, according to DHS statistics.
  • CAPS - Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.capsweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[58] The story was later pulled from their website and replaced with a correction.[59] .The Phoenix Business Journal cited a HUD spokesman saying there is no basis to news reports that more than 5 million bad mortgages are held by illegal immigants, and that the agency has no data showing the number of illegal immigrants holding foreclosed or bad mortgages.^ "Imposing new fines on businesses that hire illegal immigrants."

^ Bad news, Bowdler — no sticks.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The 287(g) program was always supposed to focus on criminals here illegally, rather than the larger group of 12 million undocumented immigrants thought to be in the United States.
  • States, locals swamp immigration program 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.stateline.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[60] .Radio hosts Rush Limbaugh and Lee Rodgers repeated a variation of the claim without noting that HUD has reportedly stated that this statistic is false.^ Post claimed McCain "diverged from conservatives" on immigration, taxes, without noting his flip-flops.
  • US IMMIGRATION NEWS UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION NEWS US AMERICAN IMMIGRATION NEWS | HavenWorks.com/us/immigration News US IMMIGRANT NEWS 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC havenworks.com [Source type: News]

[61] .Roger Hedgecock also repeated the incorrect claim on CNN's Lou Dobbs show.^ The new policy of sitting on X's - ordering Border Patrol agents to stay in a fixed location for an entire shift - has been reported by CNN's Lou Dobbs .
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CNN Lou Dobbs segment (CNN, June 17, 2004).
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Okay, so Lou Dobbs appears on Bill O’Reilly’s show last night.
  • Musings on Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigration.net [Source type: Original source]

[62]
.At the June 13, 1998, Commencement Address at Portland State University, president Bill Clinton said, "new immigrants are good for America.^ President Salinas opined that Mexicos goal in implementing NAFTA was to export goods and not people, and presidents George Bush and Bill Clinton stated that by encouraging job formation in Mexico NAFTA would ultimately reduce the pressures for undocumented migration to the United States.

^ Finally, there are many ways in which immigrants can raise wages by bringing new ideas and new opportunities to America.
  • Economic and Moral Factors in Favor of Open Immigration: The Independent Institute 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.independent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Six states were designated as the intended destination of nearly three-fourths of all immigrants (California, New York, Florida, Texas, New Jersey, and Illinois).
  • Tuberculosis Among Foreign-Born Persons Entering the United States -- Recommendations of the Advisory Committee for Elimination of Tuberculosis 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC wonder.cdc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They are revitalizing our cities...building our new economy...strengthening our ties to the global economy, just as earlier waves of immigrants settled on the new frontier and powered the Industrial Revolution.^ Benchmarks: Understands changes in the workplace and the economy in contemporary America (e.g., the effects of a sharp increase in labor force participation of women and new immigrants; the shift of the labor force from manufacturing to service industries).
  • Immigration to the United States - Lesson Plan Library 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC school.discoveryeducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Finally, immigrants create new jobs not only through their consumption patterns, but though their ingenuity and industriousness.
  • The Truth about Immigrants: Xenophobia existed in early America 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cjd.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Romney accused Giuliani of making New York a "sanctuary city" for illegal immigrants when he was mayor; Giuliani turned the tables on him, noting that Romney had employed illegal immigrants at his home and adding, "I would say he had sanctuary mansion, not just sanctuary city.""
  • US IMMIGRATION NEWS UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION NEWS US AMERICAN IMMIGRATION NEWS | HavenWorks.com/us/immigration News US IMMIGRANT NEWS 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC havenworks.com [Source type: News]

.They are energizing our culture and broadening our vision of the world.^ It involves acting as if they are the most important landscapes in the world and using our most accessible political levers to protect them.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Inviting the world’s poor to America to become our servants is a poor substitute for helping them create safe, just, flourishing societies where they live.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Our parish priests deserve respect and gratitude, and a broad basis of assistance and support as they lead constructive responses to cultural and social differences and tensions in their parishes.

.They are renewing our most basic values and reminding us all of what it truly means to be an American."^ But because carbon emissions and basic resource use are implicated in almost all our consumption acts, they cannot be reduced to zero.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They were a disaster of enormous proportions, rewarding aliens who had already served notice on American society that they were unwilling to abide by our immigration laws.
  • 12/11/02 - Juan Mann�s Frequently Asked Questions About Immigration and the Law 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.vdare.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then that means Christian and Catholics is the MAIN root of all evil since it was showen in history that they force the Religion on others.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

[26]
.Opinions vary about the economic effects of immigration.^ Pacific Northwest; acquire sufficient knowledge to participate in informed discussions and presentations with classmates, teachers and others about the immigration experiences of the various ethnic groups of the Pacific Northwest.
  • Lesson Plan: Migration and Immigration to the Columbia River Basin 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.vancouver.wsu.edu [Source type: Reference]

^ In this essay I ask a simple question: What does economic research imply about the kind of immigration policy that the United States should pursue?
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Much has been said and written about the absolute economic gain to this country through immigration.
  • Immigrants to the United States: Inspection, Social and Economic Conditions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Those who find that immigrants produce a negative effect on the U.S. economy often focus on the difference between taxes paid and government services received and wage-lowering effects among low-skilled native workers,[63][64] while those who find positive economics effects focus on added productivity and lower costs to consumers for certain goods and services.^ And a redistribution of income is induced, from native workers who compete with immigrant labor to those who use immigrants' services.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Let’s suppose in particular that immigrants lower native wages.
  • Economic and Moral Factors in Favor of Open Immigration: The Independent Institute 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.independent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Taxes this high on labor income will have a very negative effect on the economy.
  • Economic and Moral Factors in Favor of Open Immigration: The Independent Institute 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.independent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[65] .In a late 1980s study, economists themselves overwhelmingly viewed immigration, including illegal immigration, as a positive for the economy.^ For Texas, hard times in the oil and gas industries during the late 1980s rebounded as the economy diversified in the early 1990s (Jennings, 1994).
  • The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Instead, illegal immigration increased fivefold, from around 140,000 per year in the 1980s to 700,000 per year today.
  • CAPS - Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.capsweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The more illegal aliens that are permitted to subvert the immigration system, the fewer immigrants we can accommodate who might actually produce a positive benefit for our country.
  • States, locals swamp immigration program 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.stateline.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[66] .According to James Smith, a senior economist at Santa Monica-based RAND Corporation and lead author of the United States National Research Council's study "The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration", immigrants contribute as much as $10 billion to the U.S. economy each year.^ Our national immigration policies have to work for the United States.
  • States, locals swamp immigration program 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.stateline.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Immigrants have made enormous contributions to the culture and economy of the United States.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is a result of an immigration policy not based on a clear and stated national objective.
  • The Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR): Backdoor Immigration to the United States: A Crisis of Conscience 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fairus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[67] .The NRC report found that although immigrants, especially those from Latin America, were a net cost in terms of taxes paid versus social services received, overall immigration was a net economic gain due to an increase in pay for higher-skilled workers, lower prices for goods and services produced by immigrant labor, and more efficiency and lower wages for some owners of capital.^ The standard economic model of the labor market suggests that the net gain from immigration is small.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are economic benefits to be gained from immigration.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Current immigration redistributes wealth from unskilled workers, whose wages are lowered by immigrants, to skilled workers and owners of companies that buy immigrants' services, and from taxpayers who bear the burden of paying for the social services used by immigrants to consumers who use the goods and services produced by immigrants.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The report also notes that although immigrant workers compete with domestic workers for some low skilled jobs, some immigrants specialize in activities that otherwise would not exist in an area, and thus are performing services that otherwise would not exist, and thus can be beneficial to all domestic residents[68] About 21 million immigrants, or about 15 percent of the labor force, hold jobs in the United States.^ "Is the United States prepared to let them all in?"
  • United States of Asylum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.tedconover.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1980, Vietnamese immigrants composed 1.6 percent of all foreign born in the United States.
  • ILW.COM - immigration news: Vietnamese Immigrants In The United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ilw.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1990, 77 percent of all Mexican immigrants some 3.3 million persons were unnaturalized.

.However, the number of unemployed is only seven million, meaning that immigrant workers are not taking jobs from domestic workers.^ "Immigrants not only take jobs, they make jobs.
  • The Truth about Immigrants: Xenophobia existed in early America 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cjd.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Taking jobs from American workers .
  • Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gallup.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Take jobs American workers want .
  • Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gallup.com [Source type: Original source]

.Rather, they are doing jobs that would not have existed had the immigrant workers not been in the United States[69].^ Illegal immigrantion to the United States .
  • Free Immigration Help -> How to Immigrate to the United States | Immigration Forum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigrationhelp.org [Source type: General]

^ Foreign workers, Mexican -- United States.
  • Project MUSE - Subject Browse 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC muse.jhu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ President Salinas opined that Mexicos goal in implementing NAFTA was to export goods and not people, and presidents George Bush and Bill Clinton stated that by encouraging job formation in Mexico NAFTA would ultimately reduce the pressures for undocumented migration to the United States.

.U.S. Census Bureau's Survey of Business Owners: Hispanic-Owned Firms: 2002 indicated that the number of Hispanic-owned businesses in the United States grew to nearly 1.6 million in 2002. Those Hispanic-owned businesses generated about $222 billion in revenue.^ The Census Bureau has also developed estimates of its own.
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is information about the United States.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although males also are quite likely to be introduced to migration by a parent, nearly half of all male migrants left for the United States before or without a wife or a parent.
  • Project MUSE - Subject Browse 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC muse.jhu.edu [Source type: Academic]

[70] .The report notes that the burden of poor immigrants is not born equally among states, and is most heavy in California.^ In this article I synthesize research regarding the main features of the immigrants' economic status and, because most of their U.S.-born children are still in school, those children's educational status.
  • Project MUSE - Subject Browse 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC muse.jhu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Overall—that is, counting both immigrants and the native-born—the United States has a replacement rate of 2.03.
  • 300 Million and Counting | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indeed, most Iranian immigrants speak English with some degree of fluency upon arrival in the United States.
  • Iranian Americans - History, Modern era, Immigration to the united states, Interactions with settled americans 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[71] .Another claim that those supporting current and expanded immigration levels is that immigrants mostly do jobs Americans don't want.^ Illegal immigrants mostly take jobs that American workers want.

^ OR, Illegal immigrants mostly take low-paying jobs Americans don ' t want."

^ Without that information, recent public opinion polls find that most Americans support the current level of immigration, with those who support reduction the second largest group.
  • The Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR): Backdoor Immigration to the United States: A Crisis of Conscience 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fairus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A 2006 Pew Hispanic Center report added evidence to support that claim when they found that increasing immigration levels have not hurt employment prospects for American workers.^ Pew Hispanic Center Migration Policy Institute Center for Immigration Studies Seeks fewer immigrants but a warmer welcome Immigration to the United States, 1789-1930 A Timeline, Harvard University Library .
  • Immigration and Emigration - News - Times Topics - The New York Times 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ But the deep recession, with millions of Americans losing jobs, dimmed the political prospects for efforts to increase immigration, and groups opposing legalization remained confident they could block any such proposal.
  • Immigration and Emigration - News - Times Topics - The New York Times 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ Recent evidence also suggests that immigration leads to increased family size: 3.5 children for recent Mexican immigrants in the United States, compared to 2.4 children for women remaining in Mexico.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

[72]
.In 2009, a study by the Cato Institute, a free market think tank, found that legalization of low-skilled illegal resident workers in the US would result in a net increase in US GDP of $180 billion over ten years.^ That would be about the same as the net number of legal immigrants each year...
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before his twelve-year tenure at the College-Institute, he served for ten years as director of the Jewish Community Relations Committee of the Los Angeles Jewish Federation and as director of the Greater Albany Jewish Federation.
  • About JCPA-Jewish-Latino Interactions in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.jcpa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have estimated that native workers lose about $133 billion a year as a result of this immigration (or 1.9 percent of the gross domestic product in a $7 trillion economy), mainly because immigrants drive down wages.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[73]
.Jason Riley notes that because of progressive income taxation, in which the top 1% of earners pay 37% of federal income taxes, 60% of Americans collect more in government services than they pay in.^ Eighty percent of workers today pay more in payroll taxes than in income taxes.
  • Economic and Moral Factors in Favor of Open Immigration: The Independent Institute 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.independent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have been paying them and paying them and they still want more than it is worth....
  • Mexicans in the United States, 1900-1940 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.duke.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In his 1991 study for example, Apraku noted that 37 percent of his respondents remitted between $1,500 and $3,000, while 20 percent sent between $3,000 to more than $10,000 annually to support friends and relatives back in their home countries.
  • Contemporary African Immigrants to The United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.africamigration.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus, it is not remarkable that some immigrants would do the same.^ Although some employers hired immigrants because they were cheap, others would not hire them at all.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In some cities, Guatemalan immigrants learn to speak Puerto Rican Spanish for the same reasons.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That would be about the same as the net number of legal immigrants each year...
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[74] In any event, the typical immigrant and his children will pay a net $80,000 more in their lifetimes than they collect in government services, according to the NAS.[75]
.The Kauffman Foundation’s index of entrepreneurial activity is nearly 40% higher for immigrants than for natives.^ Thus, even if natives are hurt by immigration they are hurt much less than by what the immigrants gain.
  • Economic and Moral Factors in Favor of Open Immigration: The Independent Institute 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.independent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indeed the number of natives who abuse welfare is far higher than the number of immigrants who abuse welfare.
  • Economic and Moral Factors in Favor of Open Immigration: The Independent Institute 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.independent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The estimated CO2 emissions of the average immigrant (legal or illegal) in the United States are 18 percent less than those of the average native-born American.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[76] .Immigrants were involved in the founding of many prominent American high-tech companies, such as Google, Yahoo, Sun Microsystems, and eBay.^ Although many Mayan Americans have strived to preserve traditions such as these, others eschew former customs.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MR. PIPES: As I mentioned earlier, this subject of children is a touchy one, and keeping children out of American public schools has, from the beginning, been a high priority among American Muslim immigrants.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Immigrant women are told by many Latin American agencies about the danger.
  • The Texas Observer > Access Denied by Kevin Sieff - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.texasobserver.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[77]
.On the poor end of the spectrum, the "New Americans" report found that low-skill low wage immigration does not, on aggregate, lower the wages of most domestic workers.^ With the new political landscape, the importance of immigration for the American economy and new policy ideas that address concerns regarding low-skill workers and border security, the ingredients are in place for comprehensive immigration reform.
  • Immigration - Brookings Institution 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.brookings.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are many contemporary examples, most notably the efforts by major corporations to import low wage workers and outsource jobs to foreign countries.
  • Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC batr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The apparent demographic displacement of domestic migrants by immigrants at the low-skilled end of the spectrum implies that a more bifurcated race-class structure may emerge in areas of high immigration if this process persists.
  • The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The report also addresses the question of if immigration affects black Americans differently from the population in general: "While some have suspected that blacks suffer disproportionately from the inflow of low-skilled immigrants, none of the available evidence suggests that they have been particularly hard-hit on a national level.^ Being Americans, they are different.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any rational immigration policy would consider factors such as skills, age, medical condition, income, criminal record, education level, and most importantly the sheer number of immigrants.
  • THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OFIMMIGRATION INTO THE UNITED STATES 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.carryingcapacity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the new political landscape, the importance of immigration for the American economy and new policy ideas that address concerns regarding low-skill workers and border security, the ingredients are in place for comprehensive immigration reform.
  • Immigration - Brookings Institution 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.brookings.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some have lost their jobs, especially in places where immigrants are concentrated.^ However, some indigenous immigrants, especially women from the rural areas, speak exclusively Mayan languages and are unfamiliar with Spanish.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Some people say that illegal immigrants are mainly doing low-paying jobs that U.S. citizens don ' t want.

^ By NINA BERNSTEIN Officials, some of them still on the job, used their role as overseers to cover up evidence of mistreatment of immigrants in federal custody.
  • Immigration and Emigration - News - Times Topics - The New York Times 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

.But the majority of blacks live elsewhere, and their economic fortunes are tied to other factors."^ I am sure that the majority of republicans, Islamists, and other religions of the world wish to live in peace and harmony.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

[78]
.Robert Samuelson points out that poor immigrants strain public services such as local schools and health care.^ Basic living accommodations such as housing, shopping, health care, driving privileges, i.e., things most U.S. citizens take for granted, are often problems in and of themselves.

^ Political scientists like Samuel Huntington point out that the culture of the country will change dramatically if there is a continued influx of Spanish-speaking immigrants.
  • Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC batr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And economists like George Borjas have demonstrated that large masses of newcomers depress wages and create enormous demands on the environment and on public services, especially health care and education.
  • Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC batr.org [Source type: Original source]

.He points out that "from 2000 to 2006, 41 percent of the increase in people without health insurance occurred among Hispanics."^ It found that 41 percent of respondents supported the current level of immigration, 38 percent favored immigration reduction and 13 percent favored increased immigration.
  • The Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR): Backdoor Immigration to the United States: A Crisis of Conscience 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fairus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under the assumption that a 10 percent increase in the number of workers reduces wages by three percent, it turns out that the winners get a windfall totaling $140 billion.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the 2000-2008 period, the unauthorized immigrant population increased by 37 percent."
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

[79] .According to the immigration reduction advocacy group Center for Immigration Studies, 25.8% of Mexican immigrants live in poverty — more than double the rate for natives in 1999.[80] In another report, The Heritage Foundation notes that from 1990 to 2006, the number of poor Hispanics increased 3.2 million, from 6 million to 9.2 million.^ Do immigrants use more welfare than natives?
  • Economic and Moral Factors in Favor of Open Immigration: The Independent Institute 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.independent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mexicans historically have had the lowest rate of naturalization of any major immigrant group.

^ Increasing numbers are studying at colleges and universities.
  • About JCPA-Jewish-Latino Interactions in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.jcpa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[81]
.Brain drain has cost Africa over $4 billion in the employment of 150,000 expatriate professionals annually.^ The average annual cost per child for education is $7,161, totaling $109 billion to educate illegal aliens annually.
  • Tom DeWeese: Why Illegal Immigration is a Threat to the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.michnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[82] .According to UNDP, "Ethiopia lost 75% of its skilled workforce between 1980 and 1991," which harms the ability of such nations to get out of poverty.^ Believing that the poverty of those nations is solely of their own making, Americans find it easier to justify keeping their citizens out of our country.
  • The Truth about Immigrants: Xenophobia existed in early America 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cjd.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some Latino groups use names such as Mexican-American Legal Defense Fund (MALDEF) that identify according to national origin.
  • About JCPA-Jewish-Latino Interactions in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.jcpa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are more Ethiopian doctors in Chicago than there are in Ethiopia.^ There is no doubt whatsoever that technology has been responsible for the disappearance of far, far more jobs than has immigration.
  • Economic and Moral Factors in Favor of Open Immigration: The Independent Institute 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.independent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are many citizens of the United States, however, who look upon the immigrant as something more than a mere productive machine.
  • Immigrants to the United States: Inspection, Social and Economic Conditions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But isnt there more than 5% of the populace that is always puffing out their chests and selfrighteously proclaiming their “family values” or “we are the chosen ones and you are not values”?
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

[83] .The UNDP estimates that India loses $2 billion a year because of the emigration of computer experts to the U.S.[84] Over 80% of Jamaicans with higher education live abroad.^ I have estimated that native workers lose about $133 billion a year as a result of this immigration (or 1.9 percent of the gross domestic product in a $7 trillion economy), mainly because immigrants drive down wages.
  • The New Economics of Immigration - 96.11 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From his studies of global agriculture, he estimates that an agriculturally sustainable global population, living at the current average dietary level of the United States, is about 2 billion people.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Better-educated immigrants tend to have higher incomes, but after a 10- or 20-year adjustment period most immigrants attain economic success.
  • Project MUSE - Subject Browse 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC muse.jhu.edu [Source type: Academic]

[85] .However, it is noted that these nationals pay valuable remittances.^ The overriding value of these sessions was the opportunity for participants to express and share their views, concerns and hopes regarding immigration in Nebraska and the nation.

In Jamaica, the money sent back amounts to 18% of GNP.[86]

Social

.The more contact a native-born American has with immigrants, typically the more positive view of immigrants one has.^ The flood of immigrants began to alarm many native born Americans.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many native-born Americans were hostile toward these immigrants.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is true that low-skilled immigrants and refugees tend to use welfare more than the typical “native” household, but the 1996 Welfare Reform Act made it much more difficult for newcomers to collect welfare.
  • The Other Side To The Immigration Debate at Hispanic Pundit 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC hispanicpundit.com [Source type: Original source]

[87] .The less contact a native-born American has with immigrants, the more likely one would have a negative view of immigrants.^ Many native-born Americans were hostile toward these immigrants.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The flood of immigrants began to alarm many native born Americans.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Illegal immigrants also produce significantly less than native-born Americans.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[87]
.Benjamin Franklin opposed German immigration, stating that they would not assimilate into the culture.^ Far from undermining our policy proposal to reduce immigration into the United States, considerations of justice in fact support that proposal.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, our conclusion is also true: we should limit immigration into the United States to the extent needed to stop U.S. population growth .
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This initiative also obliged government employees to report immigrants they suspected of receiving unauthorized services, effectively deputizing them to enforce United States immigration law.

[88] .Irish immigration was opposed in the 1850s by the Nativist/Know Nothing movement, originating in New York in 1843. It was engendered by popular fears that the country was being overwhelmed by Irish Catholic immigrants.^ It is an initiative of the Irish immigrant and Irish American population of New York City.
  • Emerald Isle Immigration Center Helping Immigrants NY 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.eiic.org [Source type: General]

^ Senior Helpline Established In NY The three Irish Centers in New York have been working with the support of the Irish Consulate in New York to develop a valuable new resource for Seniors in the New York area.
  • Emerald Isle Immigration Center Helping Immigrants NY 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.eiic.org [Source type: General]

^ At Boston or New York, the immigrants set foot gratefully on land, but no one there spoke their language.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1891, a lynch mob stormed a local jail and hanged several Italians following the acquittal of several Sicilian immigrants alleged to be involved in the murder of New Orleans police chief David Hennessy.^ A related issue involves the degree to which new foreign-born immigrants eventually disperse from these high-immigration states and metropolitan areas.
  • The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ This is the story of how the gathering of immigrants from several nations became unified into a new nation.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the early 1800's, New York City began to replace Philadelphia as the nation's chief port of entry for immigrants.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Congress passed the Emergency Quota Act in 1921, followed by the Immigration Act of 1924.^ In 1921, the government passed the Emergency Quota Act.
  • The Truth about Immigrants: Xenophobia existed in early America 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cjd.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1882, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act, which prohibited Chinese laborers from coming to the United States.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1965, the United States passed the landmark Hart-Celler [Immigration and Nationality] Act (1.2MB) , abolishing nation-of-origin restrictions.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Immigration Act of 1924 was aimed at further restricting the Southern and Eastern Europeans who had begun to enter the country in large numbers beginning in the 1890s.^ People from southern and eastern Europe began to come in large numbers.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This law was quickly amended with the Immigration Quota Act of 1924, which allowed a number equal to 2% of those living here in 1890 (a time when few Southern and Eastern Europeans had arrived).
  • The Truth about Immigrants: Xenophobia existed in early America 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cjd.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Because significantly fewer Southern and Eastern Europeans were recorded in the 1890 census than in 1920, this effectively reduced immigration from these regions while making more room than was necessary for countries like Great Britain.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

.Systematic bias against Japanese and German immigrants emerged during and after World War II.^ Likewise, the foreign policy preferences of Eastern Europeans and Cubans and Southeast Asian immigrants dovetailed with U.S. policy during the Cold War.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "After China became an ally during World War II, the exclusion laws proved to be an embarrassment and were finally repealed by the Magnuson Act in 1943 (9KB) .
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beginning with a few individuals, these efforts grew into a national movement to obtain an apology and compensation from the U.S. government for wrongful actions taken against people of Japanese ancestry during World War II, and to help ensure that such injustices would never be allowed again.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

.Irish and Jewish immigrants were popular targets early in the 20th century and most recently immigrants from Latin American countries are often viewed with hostility.^ This horde of immigrants has mainly come since the Irish potato famine of the middle of the last century.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Immigration to the U.S., with an emphasis on comparing the experiences of European, African, Latin American, and Asian immigrants.
  • AMST 347 United States Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fredonia.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ HIST 358 20th Century American Indian Issues .
  • AMST 347 United States Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fredonia.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Some Americans have not completely adjusted to the largely non-European immigration and racism does occur.^ Some rejected Mexicans as dangerous, and tried to have restriction on European immigration extended to them.
  • Mexicans in the United States, 1900-1940 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.duke.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Immigration to the U.S., with an emphasis on comparing the experiences of European, African, Latin American, and Asian immigrants.
  • AMST 347 United States Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fredonia.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR), which I represent, is a national, non-profit membership organization that was founded more than twenty years ago.
  • The Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR): Backdoor Immigration to the United States: A Crisis of Conscience 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fairus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After September 11, many Middle Eastern immigrants and those perceived to be of Middle Eastern origins were targets of hate crimes.^ The perception existed that the newly arriving immigrants mostly from southern and eastern Europe were somehow inferior to those who arrived earlier.
  • STLI Service 2 Description 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So were many of the immigrants from Germany, and most of those from countries such as Portugal, Italy, Hungary, and Poland.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Table 4 shows by how many times immigrants in the United States increased their per capita CO2 emissions relative to average annual per capita emissions in their countries of origin.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Minority racism, on the other hand, is sometimes considered controversial because of theories of power in society.^ But others go back because they find adjusting to a new society too difficult.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, an apartheid-type of oligarchic system remains entrenched with the government and other power centers controlled by a small European-descended minority.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But on the other hand, from such concrete statistical data as are obtainable, it would seem that a fair beginning has already been made, considering the recency of the phenomenon.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

.Racist thinking among and between minority groups does occur,[89][90] examples of this are conflicts between blacks and Korean immigrants (notably in the 1992 Los Angeles Riots) or between African Americans and the mostly non-white Latino immigrants.^ Creates a new temporary 'V' non-immigrant status to allow the spouses and minor children of lawful permanent residents...
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In Los Angeles, some second-generation Kanjobal Americans attend a Spanish-language church rather than one that holds services in Kanjobal, espousing the larger Latino community.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1983, several social service and ecumenical religious groups created the Clinica Monsenor Oscar A. Romero as a free health care center for Central American refugees in Los Angeles.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[91][92] .There has been a long running racial tension between African American and Mexican prison gangs and significant riots in California prisons where Mexican inmates and African Americans have targeted each other particularly, based on racial reasons.^ There are tensions between the many Muslim groups in this country, not surprisingly as peoples who have never been together or have a history of dispute together are thrust into one community.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some contractors were Americans; others were earlier Mexican arrivals; all took a share of workers' income for finding them work.
  • Mexicans in the United States, 1900-1940 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.duke.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ "It would be a mistake to compare Latino-Jewish interactions to the much older intergroup ties between Jews and African Americans.
  • About JCPA-Jewish-Latino Interactions in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.jcpa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[93][94] .There have been reports of racially motivated attacks against African Americans who have moved into neighborhoods occupied mostly by people of Mexican descent, and vice versa.^ Such new directions, says Dan Stein, executive director of the Federation for American Immigration Reform, represent "a backdoor immigration program for people who are displeased and dispossessed, of which there are billions."
  • United States of Asylum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.tedconover.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There were widespread reports of women coerced into getting abortions to keep their jobs.
  • US IMMIGRATION NEWS UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION NEWS US AMERICAN IMMIGRATION NEWS | HavenWorks.com/us/immigration News US IMMIGRANT NEWS 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC havenworks.com [Source type: News]

^ "There is, however, a struggle between Latinos and African Americans regarding neighborhoods, jobs, and access to political power.
  • About JCPA-Jewish-Latino Interactions in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.jcpa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[95][96] .There has also been an increase in violence between European Americans and Latino immigrants, and between African immigrants and African Americans.^ There is a marked difference between the old and new immigrants in this respect.
  • Immigrants to the United States: Inspection, Social and Economic Conditions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Immigration to the U.S., with an emphasis on comparing the experiences of European, African, Latin American, and Asian immigrants.
  • AMST 347 United States Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fredonia.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ One problem with this argument is that there are apparently no good figures comparing immigrants’ and native-born Americans’ consumption patterns.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

[97] .There are also tensions between native-born Hispanic Americans and newly-arrived Latino immigrants.^ Many native-born Americans were hostile toward these immigrants.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The flood of immigrants began to alarm many native born Americans.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is a marked difference between the old and new immigrants in this respect.
  • Immigrants to the United States: Inspection, Social and Economic Conditions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[98]

Political

.Immigrants differ on their political views; however, the Democratic Party is considered to be in a far stronger position among immigrants overall.^ Indeed, members of the two political parties vie with each other to see which party can produce legislation that will let in the largest annual flow of legal immigrants.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In contrast to many European countries, however, asylum here adds only a sliver to overall numbers of immigrants.
  • United States of Asylum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.tedconover.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If there was a large degree of intermarriage between these single immigrants and native Americans, the aspect of the case would be very different; but thus far, this is not the case.
  • Immigrants to the United States: Inspection, Social and Economic Conditions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[99][100] .However, immigrants are similar to the broader US population in that their religious affiliation can significantly impact both their social values and votes.^ US Department of Homeland Security " Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2008 ," (534KB) www.dhs.gov , Feb.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The church there is not, however, well equipped to deal with this immigrant population's language, social, and cultural problems.
  • About JCPA-Jewish-Latino Interactions in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.jcpa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This reflects being both an immigrant culture with its own language and a diaspora community with significant social ties to their home regions.
  • About JCPA-Jewish-Latino Interactions in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.jcpa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hispanic evangelicals, for example, are even more strongly conservative than non-Hispanic evangelicals [101].^ We are grateful that - in fact, I think our conclusions jive with his even though ours tended to be more anecdotal and impressionistic than his.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The mainstream media and most members of Congress depict La Raza as little more than a Hispanic Rotary Club.
  • Tom DeWeese: Why Illegal Immigration is a Threat to the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.michnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A visitor who requests a six-month extension of stay, for example, might wait more than six months for the request to be processed.
  • United States Immigration Law in a World of Terror » Publications » The Federalist Society 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fed-soc.org [Source type: Original source]

.This trend is often similar for Hispanics or others strongly identifying with Catholicism - a religion that strongly opposes abortion and gay marriage.^ Other Protestant religions and Catholicism are practiced by the majority of Guatemalan Americans in Houston.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That means Black people, Hispanics, Jews, Muslims, gays, and any other minority group I’m leaving out are here to stay.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

Health

.Another topic that is widely discussed relates to the issue of the health of immigrants and the associated cost to the public of their use of public health services.^ Psychologist and government official Carmen Carrillo (1943– ) is the director of Adult Acute Services at San Francisco's Department of Public Health.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "In 1862, the U.S. Congress offered to sell public lands to citizens and to immigrants at the cost of $1.25 per acre, or less.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Newark Public Library Newark Public has an excellent collection of materials relating to ethnic and immigrant communities, especially those of European or Hispanic origin, in the U.S. and New Jersey.
  • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Immigrants, legal and illegal, use the public health care system, particularly emergency room services.^ "Overall, do you think illegal immigrants provide more benefits to the nation by doing work many U.S. citizens don 't want to do, or do they cost the country more because they don ' t pay taxes and use public services like schools and emergency rooms?"

^ Immigration and Naturalization Service Case Files of Chinese Immigrants, Portland, Oregon, 1890-1914, M1638, may be a useful finding aid.
  • Chinese Immigration and the Chinese in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ "It then refers to Romney's decision to re-hire a firm after it had been found to have used illegal immigrants to work on his Belmont, Mass.
  • US IMMIGRATION NEWS UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION NEWS US AMERICAN IMMIGRATION NEWS | HavenWorks.com/us/immigration News US IMMIGRANT NEWS 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC havenworks.com [Source type: News]

.The non-emergency use of emergency rooms ostensibly indicates an incapacity to pay, yet some studies allege disproportionately lower access to — and usage of — unpaid health care by immigrants.^ Undocumented refugees usually do not receive insurance from employers, Medicaid, or other government health-care benefits, and often do not have access to affordable health care.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yet some of these immigrants, such as the Scandinavians, are peculiarly hardy and enduring.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In most cities across the nation, illegals now use the emergency rooms as free primary care.
  • Tom DeWeese: Why Illegal Immigration is a Threat to the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.michnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[102] .For this and other reasons, there have been various disputes about how much immigration is costing the United States public health system.^ AMST 347 United States Immigration .
  • AMST 347 United States Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fredonia.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ This is information about the United States.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How did the United States get the statue?
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[103] .University of Maryland economist and Cato Institute scholar, Julian Lincoln Simon, concluded in 1995 that although overall, immigrants probably pay more into the health system than they take out, this is not likely the case for elderly immigrants and many refugees, who are more dependent on public services for survival.^ I have been paying them and paying them and they still want more than it is worth....
  • Mexicans in the United States, 1900-1940 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.duke.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We have an immigration “preparer” who has actually been jailed once for violating the State’s unauthorized practice of law provisions, is known to the USCIS, actually submits Forms G-28 with his filings (and checks “Other”), charges more than many attorneys charge for application processing, and the USCIS accepts his filings and gives him notice of the cases!!!!
  • Musings on Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigration.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Many of you will have come accross the problem of Irish immigrants who received the BCG vaccine in Ireland who consistently test positive on TB tests and are required to get xrays and in some cases asked to go on a course of drugs.
  • Emerald Isle Immigration Center Helping Immigrants NY 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.eiic.org [Source type: General]

[104]
.Immigration from areas of high incidence of disease is thought to have fueled the resurgence of tuberculosis (TB), chagas, and hepatitis in areas of low incidence.^ The apparent demographic displacement of domestic migrants by immigrants at the low-skilled end of the spectrum implies that a more bifurcated race-class structure may emerge in areas of high immigration if this process persists.
  • The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Displayed here are the concentration of the native-born and of specific foreign-born cohorts in the ten high-immigration metropolitan areas (listed in Table 10-1).
  • The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ A related issue involves the degree to which new foreign-born immigrants eventually disperse from these high-immigration states and metropolitan areas.
  • The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

[105] .According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), TB cases among foreign-born individuals remain disproportionately high, at nearly nine times the rate of U.S.-born persons.^ Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 1998 McKenna MT, McCray E, Onorato IM The epidemiology of tuberculosis among foreign-born persons in the United States, 1986 to 1993.
  • Immigration and Tuberculosis Among Children on the United States-Mexico Border, County of San Diego, California -- Kenyon et al. 104 (1): e8 -- Pediatrics 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC pediatrics.aappublications.org [Source type: Academic]

^ A majority of foreign-born persons who develop tuberculosis do so within the first 5 years after they enter the United States (2).
  • Tuberculosis Among Foreign-Born Persons Entering the United States -- Recommendations of the Advisory Committee for Elimination of Tuberculosis 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC wonder.cdc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They are later summed to assess the aggregate impact on the U.S.-born persons aged 25–64 with, at most, a high school education.
  • The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

[106][107] To reduce the risk of diseases in low-incidence areas, the main countermeasure has been the screening of immigrants on arrival.[108]
.HIV/AIDS entered the United States in about 1969 likely through a single infected immigrant from Haiti.^ This is information about the United States.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you had family in the United States during the early twentieth century, you are likely to find at least one relative’s information within these census records.
  • 1930 United States Federal Census - Ancestry.com 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC search.ancestry.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While most immigrants entered the United States through New York Harbor (the most popular destination of steamship companies), others sailed into many ports such as Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, San Francisco and Savannah, Miami, and New Orleans.
  • STLI Service 2 Description 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[109][110] .Conversely, many new HIV infections in Mexico can be traced back to the United States.^ From figures available by the United States Department of Labor, the five Southwestern states visited have a Mexican population estimated as follows: Texas, 555,000; California, 350,000; New Mexico, 180,000; Colorado, 70,000; Arizona, 60,000.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the beginning of that year I came back [to the United States] for the following reasons: A friend of mine told me that some of the Catholics in the League wanted to talk with me.
  • Mexicans in the United States, 1900-1940 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.duke.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ An estimated 17,300 Chinese immigrants entered the United States through the back doors of Canada and Mexico from 1882 to 1920.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

[111] .People infected with HIV were banned from entering the United States in 1987 by executive order, but the 1993 statue supporting the ban was lifted in 2009. The executive branch is expected to administratively remove HIV from the list of infectious diseases barring immigration (but immigrants generally need to show they would not be a burden on public welfare).^ They show an order of magnitude difference.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ AMST 347 United States Immigration .
  • AMST 347 United States Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fredonia.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ How did the United States get the statue?
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[112]
Researchers have found what is called the "healthy immigrant effect," in which immigrants in general tend to be healthier (mental health, healthy nutrition) than individuals born in the U.S.[113][114]
.Various researchers have criticized the position held by Simon and others that increased U.S. population growth is sustainable.^ Most important, endless population growth is incompatible with creating just, sustainable, flourishing societies here in the United States and abroad.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Predictabl e ShortTer m Problem s Th e reversal of our U.S. population growth is a necessary condition for sustainability.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

^ It is important to note that the 500,000 annual increase is the net growth in the illegal-alien population (new illegal immigration minus deaths, legalizations, and out-migration).
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.David Pimentel, professor of ecology and agriculture at Cornell University, and Mario Giampietro, senior researcher at the National Research Institute on Food and Nutrition (INRAN), place in their study Food, Land, Population and the U.S. Economy the maximum U.S. population for a sustainable economy at 200 million.^ Professor David Pimentel of Cornell University is a global agricultural scientist.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Philip Martin is a professor in the department of agricultural and resource economics at the University of California-Davis.
  • The Battle Over Unauthorized Immigration to the United States - Population Reference Bureau 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.prb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The growth of a global economy has emphasized rather than reduced inequality between nations," says a new report by the United Nations Population Fund, and the number of migrants worldwide is at least 100 million.
  • United States of Asylum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.tedconover.com [Source type: Original source]

.To achieve a sustainable economy the United States must reduce its population by at least one-third.^ Operationally , this means that in 2007, the economy of the United States is not sustainable.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

^ If you had family in the United States during the early twentieth century, you are likely to find at least one relative’s information within these census records.
  • 1930 United States Federal Census - Ancestry.com 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC search.ancestry.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The growth of a global economy has emphasized rather than reduced inequality between nations," says a new report by the United Nations Population Fund, and the number of migrants worldwide is at least 100 million.
  • United States of Asylum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.tedconover.com [Source type: Original source]

.Current U.S. population of more than 300 million and U.S. population growth of approximately three million people each year, partly fueled by immigration, are unsustainable, says study.^ "The growth of a global economy has emphasized rather than reduced inequality between nations," says a new report by the United Nations Population Fund, and the number of migrants worldwide is at least 100 million.
  • United States of Asylum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.tedconover.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A hundred thousand people applied for asylum in the last fiscal year (the approval rate is about 30 percent), compared with almost a million who immigrated legally in other Government programs (chart, page 74).
  • United States of Asylum 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.tedconover.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Several sources have noted than an estimated two to three million Iranians have fled their homeland since the 1979 revolution; of the more than one million Iranians scattered across the United States, approximately 600,000—as of 1998—are located in southern California.
  • Iranian Americans - History, Modern era, Immigration to the united states, Interactions with settled americans 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[115][116]
.Perceived heavy immigration, especially in the southwest, has led to some fears about population pressures on the water supply in some areas.^ The continuing avoidance of public debate of immigration and population policy by the nation's opinion leaders will assure a U.S. population continuing to rise by about one percent per year.
  • The Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR): Backdoor Immigration to the United States: A Crisis of Conscience 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fairus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to North and Houstoun, it would be inappropriate to make inferences about other illegal alien populations, especially those that eluded detection and established residency.
  • The Illegal Alien Problem: Enforcing the Immigration Laws; United States IMMIGRATION MENU 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigration-usa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions must include some understanding of how immigration and population growth contribute to greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.California continues to grow by more than a half million a year and is expected to reach 48 million in 2030.[117] According to the California Department of Water Resources, if more supplies are not found by 2020, residents will face a water shortfall nearly as great as the amount consumed today.^ Must not be absent from the U.S. for a continuous period of more than 1 year during the period for which continuous residence is required.
  • American Citizenship, U.s. Citizenship, Us Citizenship Test,United States Citizenship, How To Become A Us Citizen 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigrationdirect.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Philip Martin is a professor in the department of agricultural and resource economics at the University of California-Davis.
  • The Battle Over Unauthorized Immigration to the United States - Population Reference Bureau 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.prb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The great danger is that any agreement that would be reached in the U.S. Congress would end up far more disruptive to the U.S. economy and far more vindictive towards immigrants than just a continuation of the status quo.
  • U.S. Immigration Reform: It's Cheaper to Keep Her by Bernard Wasow - The Globalist 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theglobalist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[118] .Los Angeles is a coastal desert able to support at most one million people on its own water.^ If you support the immigration status quo of 1.5 million immigrants annually, then you also support increasing America’s population to over 700 million people by 2100.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These organizations-and I would note three of them in particular, two Washington-based and one in Los Angeles.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In a one hour documentary, Immigrant Nation - Divided Country originally aired in October 2004, CNN estimated that "7 20 million" people were "living in this country illegally".
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[119] .California is considering using desalination to solve this problem.^ E. Know standard methods to solve problems, and use these methods in approaching more complex problems.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We have been using the best available science and technology for decades and we are still falling behind in trying to solve the problems brought on by population growth.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

[120]

Crime

.Empirical studies on links between immigration and crime are mixed.^ One of the most important findings of the INS report is the intimate link between legal and illegal immigration.
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The Links between Immigration and Internal Migration in the United States: A Comparison of the 1970s and 1980s."
  • The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Certain studies have suggested that immigrants are underrepresented in criminal statistics.^ These statistics, along with the previously cited studies, suggest a continuing concentration of the recent foreign born in selected areas.
  • The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

[121] .An Op-Ed in The New York Times by Harvard University Professor in Sociology Robert J. Sampson says that immigration of Hispanics may in fact be associated with decreased crime.^ New York, Facts on File, 2001.
  • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Vartan Gregorian (1935– ) is a former university professor and president of the New York Public Library who has been president of Brown University since 1989.
  • Iranian Americans - History, Modern era, Immigration to the united states, Interactions with settled americans 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Note 3 : See an editorial in the New York Evening Journal, May 24, 1911.
  • Immigrants to the United States: Inspection, Social and Economic Conditions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[122] .A 1999 paper by John Hagan and Alberto Palloni estimated that the involvement in crime by Hispanic immigrants are less than that of other citizens.^ "In 1862, the U.S. Congress offered to sell public lands to citizens and to immigrants at the cost of $1.25 per acre, or less.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This is 482 million tons less than the estimated 637 tons they will produce in the United States.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The latter are less harmful to the Polish masses than the sensational papers claiming to be Catholic but countenancing open opposition to ecclesiastical authority.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Poles in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

[123]
.Immigrants, both legal and illegal do not raise the rate of crime in the United States and native born Americans are five times more likely to be incarcerated than immigrants.^ Conclusion Overall, our findings indicate that the average immigrant (legal or illegal) in the United States produces somewhat less CO2 than the average native-born American.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The estimated CO2 emissions of the average immigrant (legal or illegal) in the United States are 18 percent less than those of the average native-born American.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Who is born a United States citizen?
  • American Citizenship, U.s. Citizenship, Us Citizenship Test,United States Citizenship, How To Become A Us Citizen 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigrationdirect.com [Source type: Original source]

[124] .In a study released by the non-partisan research group The Public Policy Institute of California immigrants (legal and illegal) were ten times less likely to be incarcerated than native born Americans[125].^ The estimated CO2 emissions of the average immigrant (legal or illegal) in the United States are 18 percent less than those of the average native-born American.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As we report in this study, immigrants produce somewhat less CO2 on average than native-born Americans.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many native-born Americans were hostile toward these immigrants.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In his 1999 book Crime and Immigrant Youth, sociologist Tony Waters writes that immigrants themselves are less likely to be arrested and incarcerated.^ "Generally, do you think immigrants are more likely to be involved in criminal activity than people born here, less likely, or isn ' t there much difference?"

^ "Would you be more likely to vote for a candidate who wanted to make illegal immigration a crime, less likely, or wouldn ' t it make much difference to you?"

.He also noted, however, that the children of some immigrant groups are more likely to be arrested and incarcerated.^ However, some indigenous immigrants, especially women from the rural areas, speak exclusively Mayan languages and are unfamiliar with Spanish.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This often resulted in one or more of the children receiving some kind of punishment.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However immigrants are not coming to America to live in poverty, but to achieve “the American dream” and pass greater opportunities on to their children and grandchildren.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

This is a by-product of the strains that emerge between immigrant parents living in poor inner city neighborhoods, and their sons.[126] .According to Bureau of Justice Statistics, for example, as of 2001, 4% of Hispanic males in their twenties and thirties were in prison or jail, compared with 1.8% of white males.^ Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCJ 160934.
  • The Illegal Alien Problem: Enforcing the Immigration Laws; United States IMMIGRATION MENU 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigration-usa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The INS Monthly Statistical Report for 2001 showed that total alien removals of all deportable aliens decreased 20% compared to the same period a year before.
  • The Illegal Alien Problem: Enforcing the Immigration Laws; United States IMMIGRATION MENU 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigration-usa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hispanic men are almost four times as likely to go to prison at some point in their lives as white males, although less likely than African American males.^ Although males also are quite likely to be introduced to migration by a parent, nearly half of all male migrants left for the United States before or without a wife or a parent.
  • Project MUSE - Subject Browse 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC muse.jhu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ At the present time, less than one-sixth comes from this source.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I will side with American patriot every time over traitors like you!
  • The US Constitution Only Delegates the Power Over Immigration or Asylum to the States - The Federalist Blog 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC federalistblog.us [Source type: Original source]

[127]
.There were an estimated 30,000 street gangs and more than 800,000 gang members active across the U.S. in 2007, up from 731,500 in 2002. New immigrants are susceptible to gang influences and activities because of language barriers, employment difficulties, support, protection, and fear.^ Several sources have noted than an estimated two to three million Iranians have fled their homeland since the 1979 revolution; of the more than one million Iranians scattered across the United States, approximately 600,000—as of 1998—are located in southern California.
  • Iranian Americans - History, Modern era, Immigration to the united states, Interactions with settled americans 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An Affidavit of Support form is required for most family-based and some employment based immigrants to show there is adequate means of financial support in the U.S., by the petitioner or other sponsor(s) for the immigrant.
  • Embassy of United States in United states 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC united-states.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More illegal immigrants cross its border [with Mexico] than any other in the United States.
  • US IMMIGRATION NEWS UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION NEWS US AMERICAN IMMIGRATION NEWS | HavenWorks.com/us/immigration News US IMMIGRANT NEWS 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC havenworks.com [Source type: News]

[128][129][130][131]

Environment

.Some commentators have suggested that increased immigration has a negative effect on the environment, especially as the level of economic development of the United States (and by extension, its energy, water[132] and other needs that underpin its prosperity) means that the impact of a larger population is greater than what would be experienced in other countries[133].^ The reasons for immigrating to the United States are manifold.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ More than half immigrated to the United States.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ AMST 347 United States Immigration .
  • AMST 347 United States Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fredonia.edu [Source type: Academic]

.There is, however, no empirical evidence linking immigration to the degradation of the environment.^ No specific numbers are available regarding illegal immigration; however, INS apprehended about 1 million deportable aliens in FY 1988.
  • Tuberculosis Among Foreign-Born Persons Entering the United States -- Recommendations of the Advisory Committee for Elimination of Tuberculosis 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC wonder.cdc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There can be no such thing as “consistent” immigration policies when it has become politicized on a national scale.
  • The US Constitution Only Delegates the Power Over Immigration or Asylum to the States - The Federalist Blog 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC federalistblog.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Even if no general right to immigrate exists, however, there might still be good moral reasons for upholding the permissive immigration status quo.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

.Americans constitute approximately 5% of the world's population, but produce roughly 25% of the world’s CO2,[134] consume about 25% of world’s resources,[135] including approximately 26% of the world's energy,[136] although having only around 3% of the world’s known oil reserves,[137] and generate approximately 30% of world’s waste.^ Although Guatemalan Americans constitute a very small percentage of the American population and are one of the most recently established American ethnic groups, they have contributed significantly to American life through political and cultural organizations and as individuals.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Formerly known as the Central America Resource Center, the Documentation Exchange maintains a library of information on human rights and social conditions in many countries, including Guatemala, as well as some information on Guatemalan Americans.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Kanjobals from the highlands of Huehuetenango near Mexico constitute the largest Mayan group in Los Angeles, with a population of about 4,000 in 1984.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[138][139] .The average American's impact on the environment is approximately 250 times greater than the average Sub-Saharan African's.^ The estimated CO2 emissions of the average immigrant (legal or illegal) in the United States are 18 percent less than those of the average native-born American.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a variation on this theme, immigrant advocates sometimes assert that immigrants (or perhaps “recent immigrants,” or “most recent immigrants”) consume less than the average American.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But as we have seen, it is Americans’ overall consumption that determines our environment impact.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

[140][141]
.With current consumption patterns, population growth in the United States is therefore more of a threat to the Earth's environment than population growth in any other part of the world.^ The population growth of the United States in the decade of the 1990s was 13.1 percent.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

^ More illegal immigrants cross its border [with Mexico] than any other in the United States.
  • US IMMIGRATION NEWS UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION NEWS US AMERICAN IMMIGRATION NEWS | HavenWorks.com/us/immigration News US IMMIGRANT NEWS 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC havenworks.com [Source type: News]

^ More than half immigrated to the United States.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[142][143][144][145] .(currently, at least 1.8 million legal and illegal immigrants settle in the United States each year; with the average Hispanic woman giving birth to 3 children in her lifetime.^ The above figures do not include the impact of children born to immigrants in the United States.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The figures in this column do not include children born to immigrants in the United States.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unless there is a change in immigration policy, 30 million (legal and illegal) immigrants are likely to settle in the United States over the next 20 years.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Though, "on the other hand, a substantial portion of immigrants (about 30 percent) return to their country of origin, presumably taking at least their younger children with them, thus substantially mitigating the effect of their higher fertility."^ Thus, while Table 3 shows that immigrants on average produce about 85 percent as much CO2 as the average person (immigrant or native-born) living in the United States, compared to just native-born Americans they produce 82 percent as much.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The estimated increase in immigrants’ CO2 emissions in the United States over what they would have been in their countries of origin is 482 million metric tons.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For other immigrants referred for examination, providers should notify the health department within 30 days if the immigrant fails to report.
  • Tuberculosis Among Foreign-Born Persons Entering the United States -- Recommendations of the Advisory Committee for Elimination of Tuberculosis 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC wonder.cdc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[146]).[147][148] .Overall, immigrants to the United States, and their first-generation of children, currently account for two-thirds of the country's population growth.^ The population growth of the United States in the decade of the 1990s was 13.1 percent.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The figures in this column do not include children born to immigrants in the United States.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The above figures do not include the impact of children born to immigrants in the United States.
  • Immigration to the United States and World-Wide Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[149]
.Paul Ehrlich made the point that a state or nation may have a large land area or considerable wealth (which implies, by conventional wisdom, that overpopulation should not be at play), and yet be overpopulated.^ Beyond that, inferences might be made to populations in large urban areas in general.
  • The Illegal Alien Problem: Enforcing the Immigration Laws; United States IMMIGRATION MENU 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigration-usa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The citizens of a nation may work hard to create particular kinds of societies: societies that are sustainable, for example, or that limit inequalities of wealth, or that treat women and men as equals.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After 1980 large numbers of indigenous people and campesinos fled to the United States from counter-insurgency campaigns in the western highland areas.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[150] .The U.S. state of Arizona, for example, has enormous land area, but has neither the carrying capacity of arable land or potable water[151][152] to support its growing population.^ Between 2000 and 2006, seven states, most of them with small Vietnamese immigrant populations, saw the number of Vietnamese immigrants grow by more than 50 percent.
  • ILW.COM - immigration news: Vietnamese Immigrants In The United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ilw.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The causes of the demise of these ancient civilizations are many, but prominent among them is the fact that urban populations grew beyond the capacity of the available land to support the civilizations.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

^ By the 1970s, American women were averaging fewer babies — in 1975 the TFR stood at a lowest-ever 1.7 — and the United States was well-positioned to transition from a growing to a stable population.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

While it imports food, using its wealth to offset this shortfall, that only serves to illustrate that it has insufficient carrying capacity. .The only way that Arizona (and Southern California) obtains sufficient water is by extraction of water[153] from the Colorado River beyond its fair share[154] (and beyond its own carrying capacity of innate water resources), based on international standards of fair use per lineal mile of river.^ KB) ended the Mexican-American War allowing the United States to acquire Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, California, and parts of Utah and Nevada from Mexico.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Arizona decreased per capita land use 13 percent while its population increased 58 percent, generating 40 percent sprawl.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Beyond actual feeble-mindedness, the only test of intellectual capacity which has received wide application is the literacy — or, as it is more frequently expressed, the illiteracy — test.
  • Immigrants to the United States: Inspection, Social and Economic Conditions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[155][156][157]

Education

.Forty percent of Ph.D. scientists working in the United States were born abroad [76].^ In the 1850s, Chinese workers migrated to the United States, first to work in the gold mines, but also to take agricultural jobs, and factory work, especially in the garment industry.
  • Chinese Immigration and the Chinese Exclusion Acts 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A majority of foreign-born persons who develop tuberculosis do so within the first 5 years after they enter the United States (2).
  • Tuberculosis Among Foreign-Born Persons Entering the United States -- Recommendations of the Advisory Committee for Elimination of Tuberculosis 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC wonder.cdc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before, naturalization in the United States implied the relinquishment of Mexican citizenship and the loss of rights to live, work, own property, and travel freely in Mexico.

.Immigrant children have historically been greatly affected by cultural misunderstanding, language barriers, and feelings of isolation within the school atmosphere.^ In this article I synthesize research regarding the main features of the immigrants' economic status and, because most of their U.S.-born children are still in school, those children's educational status.
  • Project MUSE - Subject Browse 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC muse.jhu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ MR. PIPES: As I mentioned earlier, this subject of children is a touchy one, and keeping children out of American public schools has, from the beginning, been a high priority among American Muslim immigrants.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Within Guatemala there are about 23 distinct ethnic groups that speak different languages and maintain unique cultural traditions.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.More recently, however, immigrant children are finding a more welcoming school atmosphere.^ In this article I synthesize research regarding the main features of the immigrants' economic status and, because most of their U.S.-born children are still in school, those children's educational status.
  • Project MUSE - Subject Browse 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC muse.jhu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ MR. PIPES: As I mentioned earlier, this subject of children is a touchy one, and keeping children out of American public schools has, from the beginning, been a high priority among American Muslim immigrants.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Asians who arrived between 1975–1985 are no more dispersed than more recent immigrants.
  • The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

This does not undermine the difficulties immigrants face upon entering U.S. schools. .Immigrant children maintain their native tongue which can leave them feeling disadvantaged within English speaking schools.^ In this article I synthesize research regarding the main features of the immigrants' economic status and, because most of their U.S.-born children are still in school, those children's educational status.
  • Project MUSE - Subject Browse 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC muse.jhu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Indeed, most Iranian immigrants speak English with some degree of fluency upon arrival in the United States.
  • Iranian Americans - History, Modern era, Immigration to the united states, Interactions with settled americans 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even young children, having learned to speak English in the public schools, are indispensable go-betweens for all intercourse with the public; and as a result they relegate the parents to a subordinate position before the world.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

Public opinion

Group Good Bad[158]
English 66% 6%
Irish 62% 7%
Jews 59% 9%
Germans 57% 11%
Italians 56% 10%
Poles 53% 12%
Japanese 47% 18%
Blacks 46% 16%
Chinese 44% 19%
Mexicans 25% 34%
Koreans 24% 30%
Vietnamese 20% 38%
Puerto Ricans 17% 43%
Haitians 10% 39%
Cubans 9% 59%
in .1982, an opinion poll organization showed respondents a card listing a number of groups and asked, "Thinking both of what they have contributed to this country and have gotten from this country, for each one tell me whether you think, on balance, they've been a good or a bad thing for this country.", producing results shown in the table.^ This service is completely FREE but for the full article and thousands of other articles from 100+ countries please tell us about yourself by registering (and yes, our lawyers like to think you've read our Disclaimer).
  • United States, Immigration, Recent Changes In Immigration Law And Procedure For The New Year - Squire, Sanders & Dempsey L.L.P. - 02/02/2009 23:02:50, 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.mondaq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United States, Labour and Employment, Illegal Immigration Worksite Enforcement: How To Safeguard Your Company In An Era Of Unprecedented Raids And Regulations - Morrison & Foerster LLP - 18/12/2008, Immigration, Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.mondaq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Invariably, they spoke of “corruption” and the fact that a poor man or woman cannot make a good life in their countries.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although Guatemalan Americans constitute a very small percentage of the American population and are one of the most recently established American ethnic groups, they have contributed significantly to American life through political and cultural organizations and as individuals.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."By high margins, Americans are telling pollsters it was a very good thing that Poles, Italians, and Jews emigrated to America.^ The immigrant Russian Jew or young Italian is merely mating with another of the same people, born in America of parents who were direct immigrants.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The very low death rate among the Poles, in spite of abnormal conditions of living (high infant mortality, and the heavy death rate in the mines and mills), is striking proof of their morality.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Poles in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The necessity of teaching in two languages doubles the work of the teachers, and yet it is this very system which will most intelligently adjust the Poles to their American surroundings.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Poles in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

Once again, it's the newcomers who are viewed with suspicion. .This time, it's the Mexicans, the Filipinos, and the people from the Caribbean who make Americans nervous."^ His Ph.D. is also from Harvard, and his earlier book, "Mexican Americans: The Ambivalent Minority" won the Los Angeles Times book prize in 1993.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Guatemala's smallest ethnic group is the Garifuna, descendants of African and Carib people formerly from the island of St. Vincent who reside along the Caribbean coast.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We should want people who want to be Americans in this country – not jaded individuals who are bent on destruction and demanding to change our culture or language.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

[159]
.In 2006 the immigration-reduction advocacy think tank the Center for Immigration Studies released a poll that found 68% of Americans said US immigration levels are too high, and just 2% said they are too low.^ I'm executive director of the Center for Immigration Studies.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Immigration levels are at a historic high and immigration is now the main driver of U.S. population growth.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One must weigh the costs and the benefits of continued high levels of immigration, both legal and illegal, to the individuals and to the society.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

.They also found that 70% said they are less likely to vote for candidates that favor increasing legal immigration.^ They are thus less likely to happen.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1910 the total immigration again showed a marked increase, and the percentage of males rose to 70.7.
  • Immigrants to the United States: Inspection, Social and Economic Conditions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ""The immigration agents told me they never make mistakes," Warziniack said in a phone interview from jail.
  • US IMMIGRATION NEWS UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION NEWS US AMERICAN IMMIGRATION NEWS | HavenWorks.com/us/immigration News US IMMIGRANT NEWS 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC havenworks.com [Source type: News]

[160]
.In 2004, 55% of Americans believe legal immigration should remain at the current level or increased and 41% say it should be decreased.^ Should legal immigration into the United States be kept at its present level, increased, or decreased?"

^ One must weigh the costs and the benefits of continued high levels of immigration, both legal and illegal, to the individuals and to the society.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Particular attention is given to the apparent demographic displacement of less-skilled domestic migrants by new immigrants in high-immigration areas where we estimate the nature of this displacement under assumed increases or decreases in current immigration levels.
  • The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

[87]
.In a 2002 study that occurred soon after 9/11 where 55% of Americans favored decreasing legal immigration, 27% favored keeping it at the same level, and 15% favored increasing it.^ One must weigh the costs and the benefits of continued high levels of immigration, both legal and illegal, to the individuals and to the society.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Particular attention is given to the apparent demographic displacement of less-skilled domestic migrants by new immigrants in high-immigration areas where we estimate the nature of this displacement under assumed increases or decreases in current immigration levels.
  • The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ While the economic effects of immigration are complex and the details are open to debate, it appears that over the past few decades high immigration levels have contributed to increased economic growth, lower wages for the poorest Americans, and an increase in economic inequality in the United States.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

[161]
.In 1996, 70% of Americans wanted immigration reduced to 300,000 annually and 20% wanted to halt all immigration.^ However, since the mid-1950s the annual number of legally admitted Central Americans has steadily risen, with 45,000 arriving from 1951 to 1960.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From 1880 to the mid-1920s, America experienced an immigration boom, “the Great Wave,” during which immigration averaged 600,000 annually.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Borjas calculates that between 1980 and 2000, immigration reduced the average annual earnings of high school dropouts by 7.4 percent, or $1,800 on an average salary of $25,000.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

[162]
.One of the most important factors regarding public opinion about immigration is the level of unemployment; anti-immigrant sentiment is highest where unemployment is highest and vice-versa.^ "Israel Zangwill's play [ The Melting Pot ] about immigrants in America becomes one of the most successful productions in the history of Broadway.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One must weigh the costs and the benefits of continued high levels of immigration, both legal and illegal, to the individuals and to the society.
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

^ A recent opinion survey revealed that the general public is opposed to illegal immigration and yet most elected representatives seem to favor lax interior enforcement of the immigration laws.
  • The Illegal Alien Problem: Enforcing the Immigration Laws; United States IMMIGRATION MENU 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigration-usa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[163]

Legal issues

Laws concerning immigration and naturalization

Laws concerning immigration and naturalization are mainly:
.The 1990 Immigration Act (IMMACT) limits the annual number of immigrants to 700,000. It emphasizes that family reunification is the main immigration criteria, in addition to employment-related immigration.^ Haitian Refugee Immigration Fairness Act Amnesty (HRIFA), 1998: An amnesty for 125,000 illegal aliens from Haiti 6.
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the annual quota of 105 immigrants indicates, America’s immigration policy was restrictive and particularly discriminatory against Chinese and other Asians."
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, since the mid-1950s the annual number of legally admitted Central Americans has steadily risen, with 45,000 arriving from 1951 to 1960.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA) and Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) exemplifies many categories of criminal activity for which immigrants, including green card holders, can be deported and imposed mandatory detention for certain types of deportation cases.^ Haitian Refugee Immigration Fairness Act Amnesty (HRIFA), 1998: An amnesty for 125,000 illegal aliens from Haiti 6.
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This focus on removing criminal aliens continued with the addition of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) that attempted to apply retroactivity to aggravated alien felons in the United States.
  • The Illegal Alien Problem: Enforcing the Immigration Laws; United States IMMIGRATION MENU 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigration-usa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "In enacting the Illegal Immigrant Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) of 1996 (80KB) , Congress rewrote provisions in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) that pertain to the circumstances under which certain aliens subject to expulsion from the United States may become legal residents.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

Visas

Asylum for refugees

.In contrast to economic migrants, who generally do not gain legal admission, refugees, as defined by international law, can gain legal status through a process of seeking and receiving asylum, either by being designated a refugee while abroad or by physically entering the United States and requesting asylee status thereafter.^ How did the United States get the statue?
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ People who seek legal admission to the United States apply at the U.S. consulate in their home country for a visa.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All foreigners ("aliens") who seek to enter the United States are subject to our immigration laws.
  • United States Immigration Law in a World of Terror » Publications » The Federalist Society 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fed-soc.org [Source type: Original source]

.A specified number of legally defined refugees, who either apply for asylum overseas or after arriving in the U.S., are admitted annually.^ Before closing our consideration of arriving immigrants it will be well to glance briefly at those who arrive, but are not admitted — in other words, the debarred.
  • Immigrants to the United States: Inspection, Social and Economic Conditions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Back to the top The number of Vietnamese refugees admitted to the United States has nearly halved since 2000 .
  • ILW.COM - immigration news: Vietnamese Immigrants In The United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ilw.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The number of refugees admitted from Vietnam has nearly halved since 2000 (2,841) and has declined 94.5 percent since 1990 (27,378).
  • ILW.COM - immigration news: Vietnamese Immigrants In The United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ilw.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Refugees compose about one-tenth of the total annual immigration to the United States, though some large refugee populations are very prominent.^ The history of immigration by Muslims to the United States is a long and colorful one.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ AMST 347 United States Immigration .
  • AMST 347 United States Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fredonia.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The reasons for immigrating to the United States are manifold.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

.Since World War II, more refugees have found homes in the U.S. than any other nation and more than 2 million refugees have arrived in the U.S. since 1980. Of the top ten countries accepting resettled refugees in 2006, the United States accepted more than twice as much as the next nine countries combined.^ A lot more than have died by their hands in other countries.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I was only 6 when i arrived to the United States.
  • The US Constitution Only Delegates the Power Over Immigration or Asylum to the States - The Federalist Blog 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC federalistblog.us [Source type: Original source]

^ More than 300,000 Guatemalans have entered the United States illegally since 1980.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, Japan accepted just 16 refugees in 1999, while the United States took in 85,010 for resettlement, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).^ In 1965, the United States passed the landmark Hart-Celler [Immigration and Nationality] Act (1.2MB) , abolishing nation-of-origin restrictions.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Back to the top The number of Vietnamese refugees admitted to the United States has nearly halved since 2000 .
  • ILW.COM - immigration news: Vietnamese Immigrants In The United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ilw.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lawfully admitted for permanent residence means having been legally accorded the privilege of residing permanently in the United States as an immigrant in accordance with the immigration laws.
  • US Citizenship | Citizenship in America | Immigration and Naturalization Services 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigrationsolutionsinc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The U.S. will accept 70,000 refugees in fiscal year 2007, and President Bush stated that his eventual goal is a program that resettles 90,000 refugees in the United States each year.^ From figures available by the United States Department of Labor, the five Southwestern states visited have a Mexican population estimated as follows: Texas, 555,000; California, 350,000; New Mexico, 180,000; Colorado, 70,000; Arizona, 60,000.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is time for the United States to adopt goals of zero net immigration and a long period of belowreplacement fertility .
  • Thoughts on Immigration into the United States - article by Al Bartlett 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.albartlett.org [Source type: Academic]

^ About 25,000,000 people have come to the United States from all over Europe since 1820.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 2006, the State Department officially re-opened the Vietnamese resettlement program.^ In 16 states and the District of Columbia, the size of the Vietnamese immigrant population declined between 2000 and 2006.
  • ILW.COM - immigration news: Vietnamese Immigrants In The United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ilw.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Between 2000 and 2006, seven states, most of them with small Vietnamese immigrant populations, saw the number of Vietnamese immigrants grow by more than 50 percent.
  • ILW.COM - immigration news: Vietnamese Immigrants In The United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ilw.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Top 10 States for Growth of the Vietnamese Born, 2000 to 2006 .
  • ILW.COM - immigration news: Vietnamese Immigrants In The United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.ilw.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In recent years, the main refugee sending-region has been Africa (Somalia, Liberia, Sudan, Ethiopia).[164] .A July 22, 2007 article notes that in the past nine months only 133 of the planned 7000 Iraqi refugees were allowed into the United States.^ I was only 6 when i arrived to the United States.
  • The US Constitution Only Delegates the Power Over Immigration or Asylum to the States - The Federalist Blog 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC federalistblog.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Far from undermining our policy proposal to reduce immigration into the United States, considerations of justice in fact support that proposal.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, our conclusion is also true: we should limit immigration into the United States to the extent needed to stop U.S. population growth .
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

[165][166] The ceiling for refugee resettlement for fiscal year 2008 is 80,000 refugees.[167] The United States expects to admit a minimum of 17,000 Iraqi refugees in fiscal year 2009.[168]
.In 1991-92, Bhutan expelled roughly 100,000 ethnic Nepalis, most of whom have been living in seven refugee camps in eastern Nepal ever since.^ Most of the indigenous groups are Mayan, although small numbers of Pipil Aztecs live in the southern and eastern areas and Xincas in the east.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most refugees travel through Mexico, where they may stay in overcrowded refugee camps that provide little food and shelter and have poor sanitary conditions.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Transcriptons of interviews with seven subjects, most of whom had left Russia around the time of the Russian Revolution.
  • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

.At present, the United States is working towards resettling more than 60,000 of these refugees in the US as third country settlement programme.^ More than half immigrated to the United States.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From figures available by the United States Department of Labor, the five Southwestern states visited have a Mexican population estimated as follows: Texas, 555,000; California, 350,000; New Mexico, 180,000; Colorado, 70,000; Arizona, 60,000.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Historical Demographic, Economic, and Social Data for the United States, 1790-1860 People and the economy of the US for each state and county from 1790 to 1960.
  • World History Compass, United States History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.worldhistorycompass.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[169]

Miscellaneous documented immigration

.In removal proceedings (deportation) in front of an immigration judge, cancellation of removal is a form of relief that is available for certain long-time residents of the United States.^ AMST 347 United States Immigration .
  • AMST 347 United States Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fredonia.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The reasons for immigrating to the United States are manifold.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The history of immigration by Muslims to the United States is a long and colorful one.
  • Muslim Immigrants in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: Original source]

.It allows a person being faced with the threat of removal to obtain permanent residence if that person: (1) has been physically present in the U.S. for at least ten years, (2) has had good moral character during that period, (3) has not been convicted of certain crimes, and (4) can show that removal would result in exceptional and extremely unusual hardship to his or her U.S. citizen/permanent resident spouse, children, or parent.^ The 1790 Act also limited naturalization to persons of 'good moral character.'
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Citizen children may be eligible for welfare and food stamps, but undocumented parents are often afraid to apply for it.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The AFL-CIO supports a new amnesty program that would allow these members of local communities to adjust their status to permanent residents and become eligible for naturalization."
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

.This form of relief is only available when a person is served with a Notice to Appear (like a civil summons) to appear in the proceedings in the Immigration Court.^ This is plainly false because early legislation dealt with encouragement of immigration into the large territories that were not yet formed into statehoods with their own laws, courts and constitutions.
  • The US Constitution Only Delegates the Power Over Immigration or Asylum to the States - The Federalist Blog 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC federalistblog.us [Source type: Original source]

^ It is very likely that the illegal aliens released with notices to appear later will never show up at their appointed hearings.
  • The Illegal Alien Problem: Enforcing the Immigration Laws; United States IMMIGRATION MENU 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigration-usa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The clerk of court was to make a record of these proceedings, and 'thereupon such person shall be considered as a citizen of the United States.'
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

.Many persons have received their green cards in this way even when removal or deportation was imminent.^ United States 210,000 illegal aliens either died or returned home on their own 63,000 were removed (deported) by the INS 183,000 were given green cards as part of the normal "legal" immigration process.
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many argue that deporting a poor person is tantamount to sentencing the individual to a life of impoverishment.
  • The Illegal Alien Problem: Enforcing the Immigration Laws; United States IMMIGRATION MENU 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigration-usa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Members of Congress may submit private bills granting residency to specific named individuals. A special committee vets the requests, which require extensive documentation. .Congress has bestowed the title of "Honorary Citizen of the United States" to six people.^ Historical Demographic, Economic, and Social Data for the United States, 1790-1860 People and the economy of the US for each state and county from 1790 to 1960.
  • World History Compass, United States History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.worldhistorycompass.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About 25,000,000 people have come to the United States from all over Europe since 1820.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1882, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act, which prohibited Chinese laborers from coming to the United States.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The only two living recipients were Winston Churchill and Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu (Mother Teresa), the other instances were posthumous honors.
.The Central Intelligence Agency has the statutory authority to admit up to one hundred people a year outside of normal immigration procedures, and to provide for their settlement and support.^ The U.S. imperialists support Israel to the tune of billions of dollars every year and allows Israel to oppress and abuse the Palestinian people.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In one block in New York, where friends of mine are engaged in college settlement work, there are fourteen hundred people of twenty distinct nationalities.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And despite claims by the United States government that Mr. Arar s removal to Syria was mainly an immigration matter, the new material suggests that the Central Intelligence Agency led the action."
  • US IMMIGRATION NEWS UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION NEWS US AMERICAN IMMIGRATION NEWS | HavenWorks.com/us/immigration News US IMMIGRANT NEWS 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC havenworks.com [Source type: News]

.The program is called "PL110" after the legislation that created the agency, Public Law 110, the Central Intelligence Agency Act.^ Six months later, Congress enacted Public Law 471, the Fiancées Act, which granted fiancées of US servicemen three-month visas as temporary visitors.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In an effort to resolve the situation, the US Congress passed Public Law 271, the War Brides Act, in 1945.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

Illegal immigration

.Illegal immigration has recently resurfaced as a major political issue.^ "Has George W. Bush's recent handling of the immigration issue caused you to gain confidence in Bush, has it not affected your opinion either way, or has it caused you to lose confidence in Bush?"

^ "Which political party -- the Democrats or the Republicans -- do you trust to do a better job handling immigration issues?"

^ "Considering all you know about illegal immigration, generally speaking, what do you think, if anything, is the most effective measure in dealing with the issue of illegal immigration ?

.Various bills are in the United States Congress either to provide for legalization and amnesty of those present in the country illegally, or to crack down on employers that hire undocumented workers and build a wall along the Mexican border.^ Most undocumented aliens in the United States are Mexicans.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Overview - illegal aliens in the United States .
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A. Building a wall along the border with Mexico .
  • Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gallup.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Illegal immigrant population of the United States is estimated to be between 7 and 20 million.^ Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: 1990-2000.
  • The Illegal Alien Problem: Enforcing the Immigration Laws; United States IMMIGRATION MENU 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigration-usa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Overview - illegal aliens in the United States .
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Georgia State Senator Sam Zamarripa stated that there are 20 million illegals in the U.S. His comments were made on record to the Georgia Senate on April 17, 2003 in his remarks withdrawing his amendment to Senate Bill 191.
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[170] .The majority of the illegal immigrants are from Mexico.^ More illegal immigrants cross its border [with Mexico] than any other in the United States.
  • US IMMIGRATION NEWS UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION NEWS US AMERICAN IMMIGRATION NEWS | HavenWorks.com/us/immigration News US IMMIGRANT NEWS 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC havenworks.com [Source type: News]

[171]
The U.S. Census Bureau estimated that 8.7 million illegal immigrants were living in the United States in 2000.

Immigration in popular culture

1888 cartoon in Puck attacks businessmen for welcoming large numbers of low paid immigrants, leaving the American workingman unemployed
.The history of immigration to the United States of America is the history of the United States itself, and the journey from beyond the sea is an element found in the American myth, appearing over and over again in everything from The Godfather to Gangs of New York to "The Song of Myself" to Neil Diamond's "America" to the animated feature An American Tail.^ United States Immigration News, US Immigrant News US American Immigration News US Immigration News HavenWorks.com / us / immigration Top .
  • US IMMIGRATION NEWS UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION NEWS US AMERICAN IMMIGRATION NEWS | HavenWorks.com/us/immigration News US IMMIGRANT NEWS 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC havenworks.com [Source type: News]

^ AMST 347 United States Immigration .
  • AMST 347 United States Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fredonia.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ HIST 337 History of New York .
  • AMST 347 United States Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fredonia.edu [Source type: Academic]

As in many myths, the immigrant story has been exaggerated. .Immigrants, including new colonists from before the establishment of the United States as a separate country, were never more than 15% of the population and usually considerably less.Immigrants were often poor and uneducated but the succeeding generations took advantage of the opportunities offered.^ The proportion of males is considerably larger among the new immigrants than among the old.
  • Immigrants to the United States: Inspection, Social and Economic Conditions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More illegal immigrants cross its border [with Mexico] than any other in the United States.
  • US IMMIGRATION NEWS UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION NEWS US AMERICAN IMMIGRATION NEWS | HavenWorks.com/us/immigration News US IMMIGRANT NEWS 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC havenworks.com [Source type: News]

^ More than half immigrated to the United States.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The reality is even more amazing than the myth in some ways as the succeeding generations learn how to cooperate or at least tolerate each other to build a strong system of shared core beliefs that has succeeded far beyond its original founders would have ever believed possible.^ Fundamentalist “christians” are far more dangerous to national security than Muslims because they are deliberately ignorant.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some good authorities, such as Dr. Maurice Fischberg, do not hesitate to affirm that, even for the Jews, as a people, there is far more intermarriage with the Gentile population than is commonly supposed.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ How “tolerant” would they be of your Marxist attitude?
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

Immigration in literature

.
  • The Swedish author Vilhelm Moberg wrote a series of four novels describing one Swedish family's migration from Småland to Minnesota in the late 19th century, a destiny shared by almost one million people.^ Under the zero immigration projection, the U.S. population continues to grow throughout the 21st century, adding over 100 million people by 2100.
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In a one hour documentary, Immigrant Nation - Divided Country originally aired in October 2004, CNN estimated that "7 20 million" people were "living in this country illegally".
    • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Under the middle projection, with immigration a little less than one million annually, we instead add nearly 300 million people and almost double our population by 2100.
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    .These novels have been translated into English (The Emigrants, 1951, Unto a Good Land, 1954, The Settlers, 1961, The Last Letter Home, 1961).^ Names are in English and Chinese, the latter using the four corner coding system that translates Chinese characters into four-digit numbers.
    • Chinese Immigration and the Chinese in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

    The musical Kristina från Duvemåla by ex-ABBA members Björn Ulvaeus and Benny Andersson is based on this story.

Interpretive perspectives

The Statue of Liberty was a common sight to many immigrants who entered the United States through Ellis Island
.The American Dream is the belief that through hard work and determination, any United States immigrant can achieve a better life, usually in terms of financial prosperity and enhanced personal freedom of choice.^ Again, religious belief is a personal choice .
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Since Anees's arrival in the USA as a young man from Palestine in 1982, he has done what millions of immigrants have done to help build this country through hard work.

^ US Department of Homeland Security " Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2008 ," (534KB) www.dhs.gov , Feb.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

[172] .This Dream has been a major factor in attracting immigrants to the United States.^ US Department of Homeland Security " Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2008 ," (534KB) www.dhs.gov , Feb.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ An estimated 17,300 Chinese immigrants entered the United States through the back doors of Canada and Mexico from 1882 to 1920.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Immigrants have made enormous contributions to the culture and economy of the United States.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to historians, the rapid economic and industrial expansion of the U.S. is not simply a function of being a resource rich, hard working, and inventive country, but the belief that anybody could get a share of the country's wealth if he or she was willing to work hard.^ We worked hard to build our country.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From a proper universalistic moral point of view, he maintains, citizens of rich countries have no special claims to the resources and opportunities into which they have been born.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The citizens of a nation may work hard to create particular kinds of societies: societies that are sustainable, for example, or that limit inequalities of wealth, or that treat women and men as equals.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

[173] .Many have also argued that the basis of the American greatness is how the country began without a rigid class structure at a time when other countries in Africa, Europe, China, India and Latin America had much more stratified social structures.^ Formerly known as the Central America Resource Center, the Documentation Exchange maintains a library of information on human rights and social conditions in many countries, including Guatemala, as well as some information on Guatemalan Americans.
  • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example, many emigrants take their skills with them, while others acquire skills in the new country, accumulate savings, and then return home.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many Chinese Americans moved to Oregon at that time to escape the violence in other Northwest states.
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

[174][175]

Legal perspectives

.Hiroshi Motomura, University of North Carolina law professor and nationally recognized expert on citizenship and immigration, has identified three approaches America has taken to the legal status of immigrants (considering only legal immigrants) in his book Americans in Waiting: The Lost Story of Immigration and Citizenship in the United States.^ Maintainer is a nationally recognized legal professional.
  • Web Guide to The Constitution of the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC tcnbp.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ United States Immigration News, US Immigrant News US American Immigration News US Immigration News HavenWorks.com / us / immigration Top .
  • US IMMIGRATION NEWS UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION NEWS US AMERICAN IMMIGRATION NEWS | HavenWorks.com/us/immigration News US IMMIGRANT NEWS 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC havenworks.com [Source type: News]

^ National security provisions of U.S. immigration law .
  • United States Immigration Law in a World of Terror » Publications » The Federalist Society 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fed-soc.org [Source type: Original source]

.The first, dominant in the 19th century, treated immigrants as in transition—that is, as prospective citizens.^ Contemporary Italian response to mass migration to the U.S. as well as excerpts of articles (in Italian) describing immigrant life in the U.S. in the first quarter of the 20th century.
  • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Traces the evolution of the sense of Polish ethnic identity beginning with the immigrants that arrived in the last quarter of the 19th century.
  • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ First, an immigration policy that benefits rich citizens (who hire immigrants) at the expense of poor citizens (who compete with them) seems prima facie unjust.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

.As soon as people declared their intention to become citizens, and before the five year wait was over, they received multiple low cost benefits, including eligibility for free homesteads (in the Homestead Act of 1869), and in many states the right to vote.^ That is, they could never become citizens.
  • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States should pressure foreign governments to respect their citizens’ rights, as mandated by international law.
  • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

^ FindLaw Paragraph 1 The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or .
  • Web Guide to The Constitution of the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC tcnbp.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.The goal was to make America attractive so large numbers of farmers and skilled craftsmen would settle new lands.^ Last year, the Census Bureau estimated that America's population would grow to 571 million in 2100, with the number of Hispanics growing to 190 million.
  • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ America-born father; America-born mother 1.8 I have been at some pains to secure personal information concerning the foreign colonies in some of our large cities, notably New York.
  • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The people who settled are Europeans and could have settled in America and everything would have been better.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

By the 1880s, a second approach took over, treating newcomers as "immigrants by contract." .An implicit deal existed whereby immigrants who were literate and could earn their own living were permitted in restricted numbers (with the exception of Asians).^ States could issue letters, travel visas or whatever to the immigrant to lawfully enter and pass through other States on his journey to the State who sought him.
  • The US Constitution Only Delegates the Power Over Immigration or Asylum to the States - The Federalist Blog 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC federalistblog.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Anyone who lives, works, attends school, or owns property in the City of Newark is entitled to a free Newark Public Library card.
  • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ "In summary, the number of unauthorized immigrants living in the United States declined from 11.8 million in January 2007 to 11.6 million in January 2008 [a 1.7% decrease].
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

.Once in the United States, they would have somewhat limited legal rights, but were not allowed to vote until they became citizens, and would not be eligible for the New Deal government benefits available in the 1930s.^ FindLaw AMENDMENT XXIV Section 1.1 The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any .
  • Web Guide to The Constitution of the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC tcnbp.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ FindLaw Paragraph 1 The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or .
  • Web Guide to The Constitution of the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC tcnbp.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ FindLaw AMENDMENT XV Section 1.1 The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not .
  • Web Guide to The Constitution of the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC tcnbp.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.The third more recent policy is "immigration by affiliation," Motomura argues, whereby the treatment in part depends on how deeply rooted people have become in America.^ As the annual quota of 105 immigrants indicates, America’s immigration policy was restrictive and particularly discriminatory against Chinese and other Asians."
  • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Goode’s bigoted views are no secret, and he uses them to justify more than his hardline immigration policy.
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I for one do not want to have terrorists and extremists who hate America living in my community….We need more people like Mr. Goode!” -Harrison .
  • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

.An immigrant who applies for citizenship as soon as permitted, has a long history of working in the United States, and has significant family ties (such as American-born children), is more deeply affiliated and can expect better treatment.^ Should immigrants who are in the U.S. illegally be allowed to apply for work permits which would allow them to stay and work in the United States , or shouldn't they be allowed to do that?

^ "Do you support or oppose eliminating the automatic American citizenship for illegal immigrants ' children who are born in the United States?"

^ "Would you favor or oppose allowing immigrants who are in the U.S. illegally to apply for work permits which would allow them to stay and work in the United States?"

[176]

See also

General

Laws

History

United States

Controversy

References

  1. 2004 Year Book of Immigration Statistics [10]
  2. Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970 [11]
  3. The Foreign-Born Population: 2000; U.S. Census [12]
  4. Virginia Library Geostat Center Census Data [13]
  5. The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigrationl Edited by James P. Smith and Barry Edmonston, National Science Foundation ISBN 0-309-06356-6. [14]

Secondary sources

.
  • Archdeacon, Thomas J. Becoming American: An Ethnic History (1984)
  • Bankston, Carl L. III and Danielle Antoinette Hidalgo, eds.^ Daniel Kanstroom , LLM "Refugee Act of 1980," Dictionary of American History, 2003 .
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ ALEXANDER, CAMDEN, DANA, KILMER REF JV6465 .E53 2000 Immigration in U.S. History Edited by Carl L. Bankston, III and Danielle Antoinette Hidalgo.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Immigration History Research Center An international resource on American immigration and ethnic history.
    • World History Compass, United States History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.worldhistorycompass.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Immigration in U.S. History Salem Press, (2006)
  • Berthoff, Rowland Tappan.^ Pasadena, Calif., Salem Press, 2006.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Otis L. Graham Jr. PhD Unguarded Gates, A History of America's Immigration Crisis , 2006 .
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    British Immigrants in Industrial America, 1790-1950 (1953).
  • Bodnar, John. .The Transplanted: A History of Immigrants in Urban America Indiana University Press, (1985)
  • Briggs, John.^ "Israel Zangwill's play [ The Melting Pot ] about immigrants in America becomes one of the most successful productions in the history of Broadway.
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Irish Immigration to America Overview of the history of Irish immigrants in the U.S. From the Library of Congress.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Includes the history of the Hispanic press in exile, the immigrant press, and the nativist press.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .An Italian Passage: Immigrants to Three American Cities, 1890-1930 Yale University Press, (1978)
  • Daniels, Roger.^ Caroli, Betty Boyd and Kenneth, Thomas, Today's Immigrants, Their Stories : Oxford University Press, New York, 1982.
    • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Jones, Maldwyn Allen, American Immigration " University of Chicago Press, 1960.
    • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Peter Singer, One World: The Ethics of Globalization (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002).
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Asian America: Chinese and Japanese in the United States since 1850 University of Washington Press, (1988)
  • Daniels, Roger.^ About 25,000,000 people have come to the United States from all over Europe since 1820.
    • Races in the United States - 08.12 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ An estimated 17,300 Chinese immigrants entered the United States through the back doors of Canada and Mexico from 1882 to 1920.
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Even trying to enter the United States illegally is often a dangerous strategy since smuggled aliens often succumb to the dangers of such attempts.
    • The Illegal Alien Problem: Enforcing the Immigration Laws; United States IMMIGRATION MENU 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.immigration-usa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Coming to America 2nd ed. (2005)
  • Daniels, Roger. .Guarding the Golden Door : American Immigration Policy and Immigrants since 1882 (2005)
  • Diner, Hasia.^ Roger Daniels , PhD Guarding the Golden Door, American Immigration Policy and Immigrants Since 1882 , 2004 .
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ An estimated 17,300 Chinese immigrants entered the United States through the back doors of Canada and Mexico from 1882 to 1920.
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ That May 1882 statute, which has long been treated as a minor if somewhat disreputable incident, can now be seen as a nodal point in the history of American immigration policy.
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The Jews of the United States, 1654 to 2000 (2004)
  • Diner, Hasia.^ [A]n estimated 11.8 million unauthorized immigrants were living in the United States in January 2007 compared to 8.5 million in 2000.
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Between 1990 and 2000, their number doubledfrom 4.2 million to 9.2 million, or 30 percent of the entire foreign-born population in the United States.
    • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Representative Jim Kolbe (R-AZ) testified in 2004 that males no longer go back home but instead stay in the United States and then send for their families.
    • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Hungering for America: Italian, Irish, and Jewish Foodways in the Age of Migration (2003)
  • Eltis, David; Coerced and Free Migration: Global Perspectives (2002) emphasis on migration to Americas before 1800
  • Gjerde, Jon, ed.^ A great wave of immigration had come in the thirty years before the Civil War, bringing millions of English, Irish, Germans, and Italians.
    • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Major Problems in American Immigration and Ethnic History (1998) primary sources and excerpts from scholars.
  • Glazier, Michael, ed.^ Immigration History Research Center An international resource on American immigration and ethnic history.
    • World History Compass, United States History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.worldhistorycompass.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ That May 1882 statute, which has long been treated as a minor if somewhat disreputable incident, can now be seen as a nodal point in the history of American immigration policy.
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ American Memory - National Digital Library American Memory is a gateway to rich primary source materials relating to the history and culture of the United States.
    • World History Compass, United States History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.worldhistorycompass.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The Encyclopedia of the Irish in America (1999), articles by over 200 experts, covering both Catholics and Protestants.
  • Greene, Victor R. A Singing Ambivalence: American Immigrants Between Old World and New, 1830-1930 (2004), coving musical traditions
  • Isaac Aaronovich Hourwich.^ There is a marked difference between the old and new immigrants in this respect.
    • Immigrants to the United States: Inspection, Social and Economic Conditions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The two+ most recent years are not included; use Access World News to find more recent articles.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Going to America, they were indeed entering a new world.
    • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Immigration and Labor: The Economic Aspects of European Immigration to the United States (1912) full text online]
  • Joseph, Samuel; Jewish Immigration to the United States from 1881 to 1910 Columbia University Press, (1914)
  • Kulikoff, Allan; From British Peasants to Colonial American Farmers (2000), details on colonial immigration
  • Meagher, Timothy J. The Columbia Guide to Irish American History.^ AMST 347 United States Immigration .
    • AMST 347 United States Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fredonia.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 2000.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ While the economic effects of immigration are complex and the details are open to debate, it appears that over the past few decades high immigration levels have contributed to increased economic growth, lower wages for the poorest Americans, and an increase in economic inequality in the United States.
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    (2005)
  • Miller, Kerby M. Emigrants and Exiles (1985), influential scholarly interpretation of Irish immigration
  • Motomura, Hiroshi. .Americans in Waiting: The Lost Story of Immigration and Citizenship in the United States (2006), legal history
  • Pochmann, Henry A. and Arthur R. Schultz; German Culture in America, 1600-1900: Philosophical and Literary Influences (1957)
  • Sowell, Thomas.^ Far from undermining our policy proposal to reduce immigration into the United States, considerations of justice in fact support that proposal.
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Brooks, Barbara, & Lind Arthur S., Problems in American History : Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1957.
    • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Therefore, our conclusion is also true: we should limit immigration into the United States to the extent needed to stop U.S. population growth .
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Ethnic America: A History (1981), by a conservative economist
  • Thernstrom, Stephan, ed.^ Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups Edited by Stephan Thernstrom.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups (1980) (ISBN 0-674-37512-2), the standard reference, covering all major groups and most minor groups
  • Waters, Tony.^ Although Guatemalan Americans constitute a very small percentage of the American population and are one of the most recently established American ethnic groups, they have contributed significantly to American life through political and cultural organizations and as individuals.
    • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Specific Guatemalan American groups in Los Angeles, Houston, and southern Florida have received the most attention from sociologists and the media.
    • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ (There are no statistics on the number of Guatemalan Americans who receive unemployment, since figures are not categorized by national origin/individual ethnic groups.
    • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Crime and Immigrant Youth Sage Publications (1999), a sociological analysis.
  • U.S. Immigration Commission, Abstracts of Reports, 2 vols.^ The Center for Immigration Studies reported that in 1999, the INS estimated that: .
    • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "Immigrants and immigration rights advocates have been holding demonstrations in the past few days in several cities to protest bills in Congress that would make illegal immigration a crime.

    ^ The Foreign Immigrant in New York City ," Reports of the Industrial Commission 15, 1901, 465-492.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .(1911); the full 42-volume report is summarized (with additional information) in Jeremiah W. Jenks and W. Jett Lauck, The Immigrant Problem (1912; 6th ed.^ For many years immigrants have been compelled to show the amount of money in their possession, and this information has been recorded, and incorporated in the annual reports.
    • Immigrants to the United States: Inspection, Social and Economic Conditions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The final piece of information furnished in the reports is the alleged destination of the immigrants.
    • Immigrants to the United States: Inspection, Social and Economic Conditions 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.gjenvick.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    1926)
  • Wittke, Carl. .We Who Built America: The Saga of the Immigrant (1939), covers all major groups
  • Yans-McLaughlin, Virginia ed.^ Vols 1 and 2 consist of essays describing the experiences of European immigrant groups in America (settlement patterns, acculturation and assimilation, language, family and community dynamics, and religion).
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Guatemalan Americans face the stereotypes that have historically plagued almost all immigrant groups in the United States.
    • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This book focuses on the hardships, persecutions, success and failures of each major group as they found their way in America.
    • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Immigration Reconsidered: History, Sociology, and Politics Oxford University Press.^ This book explores the evolving history of immigration to the United States in search of food, religion, political freedom, safety and prosperity.
    • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Debating Immigration (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007).
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Roucek, Joseph S. " The Image of the Slav in U.S. History and in Immigration Policy ," American Journal of Economics & Sociology 28(1), January 1969, 29-48.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    (1990)

Notes

  1. ^ U.S. population hits 300 million
  2. ^ Frequently Requested Statistics on Immigrants in the United States
  3. ^ Stephen Ohlemacher, Number of Immigrants Hits Record 37.5M, Washington Post
  4. ^ “Naturalizations in the United States: 2008”. Office of Immigration Statistics Annual Flow Report.
  5. ^ Mary E. Williams, Immigration. (San Diego: GreenHaven Press) 2004. Page 69.
  6. ^ "Sanctuary Cities, USA". Ohio Jobs & Justice PAC. http://ojjpac.org/sanctuary.asp.  
  7. ^ Indirect passage from Europe. Journal for Maritime Research.
  8. ^ "Old fears over new faces", The Seattle Times, September 21, 2006
  9. ^ U S Constitution - The Immigration Act of 1924
  10. ^ Persons Obtaining Legal Permanent Resident Status in the United States of America, Source: US Department of Homeland Security
  11. ^ The Facts Behind the Current Controversy Over Immigration, by Allan L. Damon, American Heritage Magazine, December 1981
  12. ^ A Great Depression?, by Steve H. Hanke, Cato Institute
  13. ^ The Great Depression and New Deal, by Joyce Bryant, Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute.
  14. ^ Peter S. Canellos (November 11, 2008), Obama victory took root in Kennedy-inspired Immigration Act, The Boston Globe, http://www.boston.com:80/news/politics/2008/articles/2008/11/11/obama_victory_took_root_in_kennedy_inspired_immigration_act/?page=full, retrieved 2008-11-14  
  15. ^ Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s. New York, New York: Basic Books. pp. 268–269. ISBN 0465041957.  
  16. ^ The New Americans, Smith and Edmonston, The Academy Press. Page 5253.
  17. ^ The New Americans, Smith and Edmonston, The Academy Press. Page 54.
  18. ^ The New Americans, Smith and Edmonston, The Academy Press. Page 56.
  19. ^ The New Americans, Smith and Edmonston, The Academy Press. Page 58 ("Immigrants have always moved to relatively few places, settling where they have family or friends, or where there are people from their ancestral country or community.").
  20. ^ http://www.publicagenda.org/specials/immigration/immigration.htm
  21. ^ http://www.publicagenda.org/issues/major_proposals_detail.cfm?issue_type=immigration&list=1
  22. ^ http://www.publicagenda.org/foreignpolicy/foreignpolicy_strategy.htm
  23. ^ http://www.publicagenda.org/issues/red_flags.cfm?issue_type=immigration
  24. ^ http://www.pollingreport.com/immigration.htm
  25. ^ http://pewresearch.org/obdeck/?ObDeckID=21
  26. ^ a b Mary E. Williams, Immigration. (San Diego: GreenHaven Press) 2004. Page 82.
  27. ^ Know the flow - economics of immigration
  28. ^ Illegal immigrants in the US: How many are there?
  29. ^ Characteristics of the Foreign Born in the United States: Results from Census 2000
  30. ^ 300 Million and Counting
  31. ^ U.S. Census Bureau: Nation’s Population One-Third Minority
  32. ^ US population to 'double by 2100', BBC
  33. ^ Balancing Act: Can America Sustain a Population of 500 Million -- Or Even a Billion -- by 2100?
  34. ^ Census Bureau Projects Doubling of Nation's Population by 2100
  35. ^ U.S. Population Is Now One-Third Minority - Population Reference Bureau
  36. ^ Beneath the surface, Americans are deeply ambivalent about diversity
  37. ^ "United States: Country and Comparative Data (table available by menu selection)". Migration Policy Institute. 2007. http://www.migrationinformation.org/datahub/countrydata/data.cfm.  
  38. ^ "United States: Inflow of foreign-born population by country of birth, by year (table available by menu selection)". Migration Policy Institute. 2007. http://www.migrationinformation.org/datahub/countrydata/data.cfm.  
  39. ^ US Faced with a Mammoth Iraq Refugee Crisis
  40. ^ United States Unwelcoming to Iraqi Refugees
  41. ^ More Muslims Arrive in U.S., After 9/11 Dip
  42. ^ The People Perceived as a Threat to Security: Arab Americans Since September 11
  43. ^ Latinos and the Changing Face of America - Population Reference Bureau
  44. ^ More than 100 million Latinos in the U.S. by 2050
  45. ^ US - Census figures show dramatic growth in Asian, Hispanic populations
  46. ^ Population Growth And Immigration, U.S. Has Highest Population Growth Rate Of All Developed Nations - CBS News
  47. ^ Pew Hispanic Center [1] [2], (The Underground Labor Force Is Rising To The Surface)[3]
  48. ^ Mary E. Williams, Immigration. (San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2004). Page 83.
  49. ^ Pew Research Center: Immigration to Play Lead Role In Future U.S. Growth
  50. ^ U.S. Hispanic population to triple by 2050, USATODAY.com
  51. ^ Study Sees Non-Hispanic Whites Shrinking to Minority Status in U.S. - February 12, 2008, The New York Sun
  52. ^ Whites to become minority in U.S. by 2050, Reuters
  53. ^ Asthana, Anushka (2006-08-21). "Changing Face of Western Cities". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/08/20/AR2006082000629.html. Retrieved 2007-06-25.  
  54. ^ Whites Now A Minority In California, Census: Non-Hispanic Whites Now 47% Of State's Population, CBS News
  55. ^ The Best Story of Our Lives
  56. ^ Immigrants hit hard by slowdown, subprime crisis
  57. ^ Banks help illegal immigrants own their own home, CNN/Money, August 8, 2005
  58. ^ HUD: Five Million Fraudulent Mortgages Held by Illegals
  59. ^ http://kfyi.com/pages/money-matters.html?feed=268721&article=4381201
  60. ^ http://www.bizjournals.com/phoenix/stories/2008/10/06/daily54.html?ana=from_rss
  61. ^ http://mediamatters.org/items/200810130015
  62. ^ http://mediamatters.org/items/200810100018
  63. ^ National Poverty Center - The University of Michigan
  64. ^ The Seattle Times: Some blacks say Latino immigrants taking their jobs
  65. ^ Suarez-Orozco, Carola and Suarez-Orozco, Marcelo (2001) Children of Immigration. Harvard University Press pages 41-45
  66. ^ Survey results reported in Simon, Julian L. (1989) The Economic Consequences of Immigration Boston: Basil Blackwell are discussed widely and available as of September 12, 2007 at a Cato group policy paper by Simon here. They find that 81 percent of the economists surveyed felt that 20th century immigration had very favorable effects, and 74 percent felt that illegal immigration had positive effects, with 76 percent feeling that recent immigration has "about the same effect" as immigrants from past years.
  67. ^ The Immigration Debate / Effect on Economy
  68. ^ James p. Smith, Chair. The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration (1997) Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (CBASSE), National Academy of Sciences. page 5
  69. ^ Lowenstein, Roger. "The Immigration Equation." The New York Times 9 July 2006. <http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/09/magazine/09IMM.html>
  70. ^ U.S. Census Press Releases
  71. ^ Smith (1997) 7,8
  72. ^ Perez, Miguel (2006) "Hire education: Immigrants aren't taking jobs from Americans" Chicago Sun-Times Aug. 22, 2006, available here
  73. ^ "CATO Institute Finds $180 Billion Benefit to Legalizing Illegal Immigrants". http://washingtonindependent.com/55152/cato-institute-finds-180-billion-benefit-to-legalizing-illegal-immigrants.  
  74. ^ Riley, Jason. Let Them In: The Case for Open Borders. pp. 95. ISBN 978-1-592-40349-3.  
  75. ^ http://www.cato.org/pubs/handbook/hb108/hb108-63.pdf
  76. ^ a b http://www.whitehouse.gov/cea/cea_immigration_062007.pdf
  77. ^ http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/content/jun2007/db20070606_792054.htm
  78. ^ Smith (1997) page 6
  79. ^ Samuelson, Robert (2007) "Importing poverty" Washington Post, September 5, 2007 (Accessible as of September 12, 2007 here)
  80. ^ Center for Immigration Studies
  81. ^ Importing Poverty: Immigration and Poverty in the United States: A Book of Charts
  82. ^ Brain drain in Africa
  83. ^ More Ethiopia doctors in Chicago than Ethiopia
  84. ^ Brain drain costs Asia billions , BBC News
  85. ^ Study finds small developing lands hit hardest by 'brain drain', DUGGER, Celia, New York Times, 25 October 2005
  86. ^ Brain drain or export earnings? - BBCCaribbean.com
  87. ^ a b c Summary
  88. ^ http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/documents/documents_p2.cfm?doc=233
  89. ^ The black-Latino blame game
  90. ^ Gang rivalry grows into race war
  91. ^ Race relations | Where black and brown collide | Economist.com
  92. ^ Riot Breaks Out At Calif. High School, Melee Involving 500 People Erupts At Southern California School
  93. ^ JURIST - Paper Chase: Race riot put down at California state prison
  94. ^ Racial segregation continues in California prisons
  95. ^ A bloody conflict between Hispanic and black American gangs is spreading across Los Angeles
  96. ^ The Hutchinson Report: Thanks to Latino Gangs, There’s a Zone in L.A. Where Blacks Risk Death if They Enter
  97. ^ African immigrants face bias from blacks
  98. ^ Tension between U.S.-born Latinos, immigrants stems from differences in language, values and education
  99. ^ Hispanics turning back to Democrats for 2008 - USATODAY.com
  100. ^ Exit Poll of 4,600 Asian American Voters Reveals Robust Support for Democratic Candidates in Key Congressional and State Races
  101. ^ [4]
  102. ^ Brown, Richard, et al. (1998) "Access to Health Insurance and Health Care for Mexican American Children in Immigrant Families" In Marcelo M. Suarez-Orozco, ed. Crossings: Mexican Immigration in Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Cambridge, Mass.: David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies and Harvard University Press pages 225-247
  103. ^ in fact, Simon, Juliana (1995) "Immigration: The Demographic and Economic Facts". Washington, D.C.: The Cato Institute and National Immigration Forum (available here) finds that estimates of the cost of public health care provided to undocumented immigrants that have been used by the press have been extremely inflated
  104. ^ Simon (1995)
  105. ^ National Institutes of Health. Medical Encyclopedia Accessed 9/25/2006
  106. ^ Tuberculosis in the United States, 2004
  107. ^ U.S. tuberculosis cases at an all-time low in 2006, but drug resistance remains a threat
  108. ^ Tuberculosis among US Immigrants
  109. ^ AIDS virus invaded U.S. from Haiti: study
  110. ^ Key HIV strain 'came from Haiti'
  111. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/17/world/americas/17mexico.html?hp Mexican Migrants Carry H.I.V. Home
  112. ^ http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=113704086
  113. ^ What Happens to the "Healthy Immigrant Effect"
  114. ^ notably, National Research Council. (1997) "From Generation to Generation: The Health and Well-Being of Children in Immigrant Families". Washington D.C.: National Academy Press (Available here
  115. ^ Eating Fossil Fuels | EnergyBulletin.net
  116. ^ Threat to our food security
  117. ^ See, for instance, immigration reform group Federation for American Immigration Reform,s page on Immigration & U.S. Water Supply
  118. ^ A World Without Water -Global Policy Forum- NGOs
  119. ^ Immigration & U.S. Water Supply
  120. ^ State looks to the sea for drinkable water
  121. ^ On immigration and Crime
  122. ^ Sampson, Robert (March 11, 2006). ""Open Doors Don't Invite Criminals"". New York Times (Op-Ed). http://www.marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2006/03/does_mexican_im.html.   [5]
  123. ^ John Hagan, Alberto Palloni. [6] Sociological Criminology and the Mythology of Hispanic Immigration and Crime]. Social Problems, Vol. 46, No. 4 (Nov., 1999), pp. 617-632
  124. ^ Rumbaut G. Ruben and Ewing A. Walter, The Myth of Immigrant Criminality and the Paradox of Assimilation,[7]
  125. ^ California: Study of Immigrants and Crime - New York Times
  126. ^ The Immigrant Gang Plague by Heather Mac Donald, City Journal Summer 2004
  127. ^ Hispanic prisoners in the United States
  128. ^ COPS Office: Gangs
  129. ^ L.A. Gangs: Nine Miles and Spreading
  130. ^ Measuring the Extent of Gang Problems—National Youth Gang Survey Analysis
  131. ^ Into the Abyss: The Racial and Ethnic Composition of Gangs
  132. ^ Overpopulation and Over-Immigration Threaten Water Supply, Says Ad Campaign, Reuters, October 20, 2008
  133. ^ The Environmental Impact Of Immigration Into The United States
  134. ^ Global Warming
  135. ^ Illinois Recycling Association Recycling Facts
  136. ^ SEI: Energy Consumption
  137. ^ NRDC: Reducing U.S. Oil Dependence
  138. ^ Waste WatcherPDF (62.9 KiB)
  139. ^ Alarm sounds on US population boom - The Boston Globe
  140. ^ Consumption Industrialized, Commercialized, Dehumanized, and Deadly
  141. ^ October 4, 2006: U.S. Population Reaches 300 Million, Heading for 400 Million: No Cause for Celebration
  142. ^ U.S. immigration, population growth, and the environment
  143. ^ Immigration's Dire Effect On The Environment
  144. ^ Why Excess Immigration Damages The Environment
  145. ^ Remote Island Provides Clues On Population Growth, Environmental Degradation
  146. ^ Smith and Edmonston: 1997, 304
  147. ^ Women Are Having More Children - MedicalNewsService.com
  148. ^ Welcome to United States Hispanic Business Association! -USHispanics
  149. ^ "U.S. Population Growth." Population and Habitat. National Audubon Society. Accessed January 5, 2009.
  150. ^ Paul Ehrlich, The Population Bomb, Buccaneer Books; Reprint edition (December 1995) ISBN 1568495870
  151. ^ Critical water basins worldwide
  152. ^ Colorado River Water Users Association: Arizona
  153. ^ Stakeholders in the Colorado River
  154. ^ Allocation by U.S. of Colorado River use beyond fair share
  155. ^ John F. Kennedy Library, Ralph A. Dungen #8.6 White House Files, Washington DC
  156. ^ Abernethy, C. L., ed. Intersectoral Management of River Basins. Proceedings of an International Workshop on "Integrated Water Management in Water-Stressed River Basins in Developing Countries: Strategies for Poverty Alleviation and Agricultural Growth," Loskop Dam, South Africa, 1621 October 2000. Colombo, Sri Lanka: IWMI and German Foundation for International Development (DSE), 2001.; Mostert, E., ed. River Basin Management. Proceedings of the International Workshop, The Hague, 2729 October. UNESCO, 1999
  157. ^ Mexico's small share of Colorado River extraction
  158. ^ Ben J. Wattenberg (1985), "Chapter 14. The First Universal Nation", The good news is the bad news is wrong, American Enterprise Institute, p. 77, ISBN 9780671606411, http://books.google.com/books?id=9jho2dEhwh0C&pg=PA74  
  159. ^ Mary E. Williams, Immigration. (San Diego: GreenHaven Press, 2004). Page 85.
  160. ^ New Poll Shows Immigration High Among US Voter Concerns
  161. ^ "Worldviews 2002 Survey of American and European Attitudes and Public Opinion on Foreign Policy: US Report"
  162. ^ NPG/Roper Poll, February 1996
  163. ^ Espenshade, Thomas J. and Belanger, Maryanne (1998) "Immigration and Public Opinion." In Marcelo M. Suarez-Orozco, ed. Crossings: Mexican Immigration in Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Cambridge, Mass.: David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies and Harvard University Press, pages 365-403
  164. ^ A New Era Of Refugee Resettlement
  165. ^ Ambassador wants more visas for loyal Iraqis
  166. ^ "Iraq refugees find no refuge in America." By Ann McFeatters. Seattle Post-Intelligencer. May 25, 2007.
  167. ^ Presidential Determination on FY 2008 Refugee Admissions Numbers
  168. ^ U.S. Goals for Iraqi Refugees are Inadequate, Refugees International
  169. ^ Bhaumik, Subir (November 7, 2007). "Bhutan refugees are 'intimidated'". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7082586.stm. Retrieved 2008-04-25.  
  170. ^ Brad Knickerbocker (May 16, 2006). "Illegal immigrants in the US: How many are there?". The Christian Science Monitor. http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0516/p01s02-ussc.html.  
  171. ^ Study Details Lives of Illegal Immigrants in U.S., NPR
  172. ^ Boritt, Gabor S. Lincoln and the Economics of the American Dream. Page 1. 1994. ISBN 0-252-06445-3.
  173. ^ Jim Cullen, The American Dream : A Short History of an Idea that Shaped a Nation. 2004. ISBN 0-19-517325-2.
  174. ^ Heiner, Robert. Social Problems: An Introduction to Critical Constructionism. Page 114. August 16, 2001. Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN 0-19-512992-X.
  175. ^ This argument was made in Isaac A. Hourwich. Immigration and Labor: the Economic Aspects of European Immigration to the United States (2012).
  176. ^ Hiroshi Motomura. Americans in Waiting: The Lost Story of Immigration and Citizenship in the United States (2006)

Recent: post 1965

  • Beasley, Vanessa B. ed. .Who Belongs in America?: Presidents, Rhetoric, And Immigration (2006)
  • Bogen, Elizabeth.^ Otis L. Graham Jr. PhD Unguarded Gates, A History of America's Immigration Crisis , 2006 .
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Interviews With Today's Immigrants Summaries of interviews conducted by students 2004-2006 primarily of individuals who had immigrated into the U.S. in the later part of the 20th century.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Martin, Philip and Midgley, Elizabeth, "Immigration: Shaping and Reshaping America" .
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .Immigration in New York (1987)
  • Bommes, Michael and Andrew Geddes.^ Immigration and Naturalization Service Records at NARA's Northeast Region (New York) in New York, New York .
    • Chinese Immigration and the Chinese in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Michael Walzer, Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality (New York: Basic Books, 1983), p.
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Guide to the Oral History Collection of the Research Foundation for Jewish Immigration, New York; vol.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .Immigration and Welfare: Challenging the Borders of the Welfare State (2000)
  • Borjas, George J. ed.^ "Immigration, Welfare Magnets and the Geography of Child Poverty in the United States."
    • The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Pp.245–270 in Immigration and the Work Force, George J. Borjas and Richard B. Freeman, eds.
    • The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Borjas calculates that between 1980 and 2000, immigration reduced the average annual earnings of high school dropouts by 7.4 percent, or $1,800 on an average salary of $25,000.
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Issues in the Economics of Immigration (National Bureau of Economic Research Conference Report) (2000) 9 statistical essays by scholars;
  • Borjas, George.^ "Has George W. Bush's recent handling of the immigration issue caused you to gain confidence in Bush, has it not affected your opinion either way, or has it caused you to lose confidence in Bush?"

    ^ It is the nation's only think tank devoted exclusively to research and policy analysis of the economic, social, demographic, fiscal, and other impacts of immigration on the United States.
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling the issue of immigration?"

    Friends or Strangers (1990)
  • Borjas, George J. "Welfare Reform and Immigrant Participation in Welfare Programs" International Migration Review 2002 36(4): 1093-1123. ISSN 0197-9183; finds very steep decline of immigrant welfare participation in California.
  • Briggs, Vernon M., Jr. Immigration Policy and the America Labor Force Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984.
  • Briggs, Vernon M., Jr. Mass Immigration and the National Interest (1992)
  • Cooper, Mark A. Moving to the United States of America and Immigration. 2008 IBSN 741446251
  • Fawcett, James T., and Benjamin V. Carino. .Pacific Bridges: The New Immigration from Asia and the Pacific Islands .^ Denies entry to immigrants from the 'Asiatic Barred Zone'--much of eastern Asia and the Pacific Islands.
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The law also excluded immigrants from an area known as the Asiatic Barred Zone, which covered most of Asia and most islands in the Pacific.
    • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Immigration Act of 1917 Denies Entry to Immigrants from Eastern Asia and the Pacific Islands .
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    .New York: Center for Migration Studies, 1987.
  • Foner, Nancy.^ Center for Migration Studies Library A major collection devoted to the worldwide movement of peoples.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Steven A. Camarota, " 5 Million Illegal Immigrants: An Analysis of New INS Numbers ," Immigration Review #28 (Center for Immigration Studies, Spring 1997).
    • Numbers of illegal aliens in the U.S. by Fred Elbel - THE AMERICAN RESISTANCE FOUNDATION - Information on immigration counters - 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.theamericanresistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Staten Island, N.Y., Center for Migration Studies, 1976.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .In A New Land: A Comparative View Of Immigration (2005)
  • Levinson, David and Melvin Ember, eds.^ ALEXANDER E184 .A1H35 [REF plus STACKS]; CAMDEN, DANA, DOUGLSS, KILMER REF E184 .A1H35 American Immigrant Cultures: Builders of a Nation David Levinson and Melvin Ember.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ David Levinson, ed.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Steven Camarota, “Birth Rates Among Immigrants in America: Comparing Fertility in the U.S. and Home Countries” (Washington, DC: Center for Immigration Studies, 2005).
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    .American Immigrant Cultures 2 vol (1997) covers all major and minor groups
  • Lowe, Lisa.^ The majority of these groups are Mayan; and ladinos, or Hispanic Guatemalans, constitute a separate population as persons of Spanish language and culture.
    • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A mostly ladino cultural and political group organized by the Guatemalan American refugee community in San Francisco.
    • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ As in all immigrant communities, younger family members adjust much more quickly to American life, and may become alienated from older members.
    • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Immigrant Acts: On Asian American Cultural Politics (1996)
  • Meier, Matt S. and Gutierrez, Margo, eds.^ Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 ("IIRAIRA"), Pub.
    • United States Immigration Law in a World of Terror » Publications » The Federalist Society 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fed-soc.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Charles Doyle , JD "Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary," Federation of American Scientists website, June 3, 1996 .
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Immigration to the U.S., with an emphasis on comparing the experiences of European, African, Latin American, and Asian immigrants.
    • AMST 347 United States Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fredonia.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .The Mexican American Experience : An Encyclopedia (2003) (ISBN 0-313-31643-0)
  • Mohl, Raymond A. "Latinization in the Heart of Dixie: Hispanics in Late-twentieth-century Alabama" Alabama Review 2002 55(4): 243-274. ISSN 0002-4341
  • Portes, Alejandro, and Robert L. Bach.^ Index to items related to Mexican Americans in Texas extracted from 19th century Texas newspapers.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Immigration to the U.S., with an emphasis on comparing the experiences of European, African, Latin American, and Asian immigrants.
    • AMST 347 United States Immigration 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.fredonia.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The Kanjobals first arrived in late 1982, when a Mexican American crew boss brought some refugees from Arizona to Indiantown to pick crops.
    • Guatemalan Americans - History, Immigration to the united states, Settlement patterns, Acculturation and assimilation 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Latin Journey: Cuban and Mexican Immigrants in the United States. University of California Press, 1985.
  • Portes, Alejandro, and Jozsef Borocz.^ "In general, do you think immigrants who come to the United States today join society and give to the country or stay separate from society and take from the country?"

    ^ US Department of Homeland Security " Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2008 ," (534KB) www.dhs.gov , Feb.
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies The Institute documents and interprets the ethnic and immigrant experience in the United States.
    • World History Compass, United States History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.worldhistorycompass.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    "Contemporary Immigration: Theoretical Perspectives on Its Determinants and Modes of Incorporation." International Migration Review 23 (1989): 606-30.
  • Portes, Alejandro, and Ruben Rumbaut. Immigrant America. .University of California Press, 1990.
  • Reimers, David.^ Berkeley, University of California Press, 2006.
    • New Americans: American Immigration History 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC newark.rutgers.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Cronon, David, Black Moses: The Story of Marcus and the Universal Negro Improvement Association : Wisconsin Press, Wisconsin, 1969.
    • 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Still the Golden Door: The Third World Comes to America Columbia University Press, (1985).
  • Smith, James P, and Barry Edmonston, eds.^ In 1924, America had effectively shut its 'Golden Door.'
    • Historical Timeline - Illegal Immigration - ProCon.org 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC immigration.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Peter Singer, One World: The Ethics of Globalization (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002).
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ George Borjas, Heaven’s Door: Immigration Policy and the American Economy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999).
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration (1998), online version
  • Zhou, Min and Carl L. Bankston III Growing Up American: How VIetnamese Children Adapt to Life in the United States Russell Sage Foundation.^ Far from undermining our policy proposal to reduce immigration into the United States, considerations of justice in fact support that proposal.
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Even now why we are enjoying life here, they are planning on how to destroy up.
    • Think Progress » Congressman: ‘I Fear…We Will Have Many More Muslims In The United States’ 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Therefore, our conclusion is also true: we should limit immigration into the United States to the extent needed to stop U.S. population growth .
    • The Environmental Argument for Reducing Immigration to the United States | Center for Immigration Studies 13 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.cis.org [Source type: Original source]

    (1998)

External links

History

Immigration policy

Current immigration

.

Economic impact


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 25, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Immigration to the United States, which are similar to those in the above article.








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