Independence Day: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An Independence Day is an annual celebration commemorating the anniversary of a nation's assumption of independent statehood, usually after ceasing to be a colony or part of another state, more rarely after the end of a military occupation. Most countries honor their respective independence day as a national holiday and some countries or nations' independence-date honors are contested. Not all countries have independence days, instead they celebrate another national day.

The following is a partial list of independence days of countries around the world:

Country Date Independence Significant event
 Abkhazia September 30 Independence from Georgia in 1993. Officially declared as such in 1999.[1] (Not universally recognized.) End of the 1992-1993 War in Abkhazia; also known as liberation day.
 Afghanistan August 19 Independence from United Kingdom control over Afghan foreign affairs in 1919.
 Albania November 28 (Dita e Pavarësisë) Declared by Ismail Qemali in 1912 and signalled the end of five centuries of Ottoman rule.
 Algeria July 5 Independence from France in 1962.
 Angola November 11 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
 Antigua and Barbuda November 1 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981.
 Argentina July 9 Independence declared from Spain in 1816.
 Armenia September 21 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
 Austria October 26 Independence from Allies of World War II in 1955 National Day.
 Azerbaijan October 18 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
 Bahamas July 10 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1973.
 Bahrain December 16 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971 National Day.
 Bangladesh March 26 Independence was declared from Pakistan and this led to a nine month war ending on December 16, 1971.
 Barbados November 30 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
 Belarus July 3 Liberation of Minsk from German occupation by Soviet troops in 1944.
 Belgium July 21 Independence from the Netherlands (Belgian revolution). Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld takes the oath as first king of the Belgians in 1831.
 Belize September 21 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981. September Celebrations.
 Benin August 1 Independence from France in 1960.
 Bolivia August 6 Independence from Spain in 1825.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina March 1 Independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.
 Botswana September 30 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
 Brazil September 7 (Dia da Independência) Declared Independence from Portugal on that date in 1822.
 Brunei January 1 Independence from United Kingdom in 1984
 Bulgaria September 22 Independence from Ottoman Empire in 1908
 Burkina Faso August 5 Independence from France in 1960
 Burundi July 1 Independence from Belgium in 1962
 Cambodia November 9 Independence from France in 1953
 Cape Verde July 5 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
 Central African Republic August 13 Independence from France in 1960.
 Chad August 11 Independence from France in 1960.
 Chile February 12 Declared Independence from Spain on that date in 1818. Actually, Chileans celebrate the date of the first Government Junta, September 18. This date was not recognized as until 25 April 1844.
 Colombia July 20 and August 7 Independence from Spain in 1810.
 Democratic Republic of the Congo June 30 Independence from Belgium in 1960.
 Costa Rica September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821.
 Côte d'Ivoire December 7 Independence from France in 1960.
 Croatia October 8 and June 25 Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. Independence was declared, after a referendum, by the Parliament on June 25 (the date is celebrated as Statehood Day); EU pressured Croatia into a three month moratorium, and on October 8 the ties with SFRJ were formally severed.
 Cuba May 20 Independence from United States in 1902.
 Cyprus October 1 Independence from the United Kingdom on August 16, 1960, but Cyprus Independence Day is commonly celebrated on October 1.[2]
 Czech Republic October 28 and January 1 As Czechoslovakia, marking independence from Austria-Hungary on October 28, 1918.

As the Czech Republic after the split of Czechoslovakia

 Djibouti June 27 Independence from France in 1977
 Dominica November 3 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1978
 Dominican Republic February 27 Independence from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.
 East Timor May 20 Independence from Portugal in 2002 (recognition, East Timor was invaded by Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, officially it never ceased to be considered as administrated by Portugal).
 Ecuador August 10 and May 24 Proclaimed independence from Spain on August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement on August 2, 1810. Independence finally occurred on May 24, 1822 at the Battle of Pichincha.
 El Salvador September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821
 Eritrea May 24 Independence from Ethiopia in 1993.
 Estonia February 24
August 20
Independence from the Russian Empire in 1918.
Independence re-declared from the Soviet Union in 1991
 Fiji October 10 Fiji Independence Day Independence from United Kingdom in 1970.
 Finland December 6 Independence Day of Finland Independence from Russia in 1917.
 The Gambia February 18 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965.
 Georgia May 26

April 9

Day of First Republic in 1918.

Independence from USSR in 1991.

 Ghana March 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957.
 Greece March 25 Declaration of independence from Ottoman Empire in 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence
 Grenada February 7 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1974.
 Guatemala September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821.
 Guyana May 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
 Haiti January 1 Declaration of Independence from France in 1804.
 Honduras September 15 Independence from Kingdom of Spain in 1821.
 Iceland June 17 Independence from Kingdom of Denmark in 1944.
 India August 15 (also known as Swatantrata Divas among Indians) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.
 Indonesia August 17 Declaration of Independence day (Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan R.I.) from the Netherlands in 1945. The Netherlands acknowledged Indonesian independence and sovereignty in 1949.
 Iran February 11 Iranian Revolution ends Monarchy in 1979.
 Ireland Easter Monday Proclamation of the Irish Republic commencing the Easter Rising on April 24, 1916. Independence from the United Kingdom.
 Israel 5 Iyar (Yom Ha'atzmaut) Independence from the British Mandate of Palestine which took place on May 14, 1948 (5 Iyar 5708 in the Hebrew calendar). It is actually celebrated on Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to 5 Iyar, so it actually occurs between the 3rd and 6th of Iyar, which may fall between April 15 and May 15 in the Gregorian calendar.
 Jamaica August 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
 Jordan May 25 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1946.
 Kazakhstan December 16 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
 Kenya December 12 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1963.
 Korea, North September 9 Founding of the DPRK in 1948.
 Korea, South August 15 (Gwangbokjeol) Independence from Japan in 1945. (Independence from Japan was declared on March 1, 1919, August 15 is the official Liberation Day of Korea.)
 Kosovo February 17 Declaration of independence from Serbia in 2008. (Not universally recognized.)
 Kuwait February 25 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
 Kyrgyzstan August 31 Independence from USSR in 1991.
 Latvia November 18 and May 4 Independence from Russia on November 18, 1918.
Independence from Soviet Union on May 4, 1990
 Lebanon November 22 Independence from France in 1943.
 Lesotho October 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
 Liberia July 26

1847.

 Libya December 24, 1951 Independence from Italy. However, celebration of this day was abolished after the "revolution" of September 1, 1969.
 Lithuania February 16 and March 11 Act of Independence of Lithuania: Independence from the Russian and German Empires in February, 1918; Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania: independence from the Soviet Union in March, 1990.
 Republic of Macedonia September 8 (Den na nezavisnosta or Ден на независноста) Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
 Madagascar June 26 Independence from France in 1960.
 Malawi July 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
 Malaysia August 31 (Hari Merdeka) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957
 Maldives July 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965 join[3]
 Mali September 22 Independence from France in 1960
 Malta September 21 (Independence Day (Malta)) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
 Mauritius March 12 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
 Mexico September 16 (Grito de Dolores) Independence from Spain declared in 1810. Recognized on September 27, 1821
 Moldova August 27 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
 Mongolia November 26 Independence from China on July 11, 1921
 Montenegro May 21 Independence from State union with Serbia, in 2006
 Morocco November 18 Independence from France and Spain in 1956
 Mozambique June 25 Independence from Portugal in 1975
 Myanmar January 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948
 Namibia March 21 Independence from South African mandate in 1990
 Netherlands May 5 (Bevrijdingsdag) Liberation from Nazi Germany in 1945
 Nicaragua September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821
 Niger August 3 Independence from France in 1960
 Nigeria October 1 Independence from United Kingdom in 1960
 Norway May 17 (Constitution Day, or "syttende mai") The signing of the Norwegian Constitution in Eidsvoll, May 17, 1814.
 Pakistan August 14 (Yaum e Azadi) Independence from the United Kingdom on 27 Ramadan ul Mubarik, August 14, 1947.
 Panama November 3 Emancipation and Liberation from Spain on November 28th in 1821, but Panama was a part of Colombia. The 1903 separation and independence from Colombia is celebrated as the official national Panamanian independence day on November 3, Separation Day,also known as Independence from Colombia).
 Papua New Guinea September 16 Independence from Australia of the former Territories of New Guinea, and Papua, in 1975.
 Paraguay May 15 (Día de Independencia) Independence from Spain in 1811.
 Peru July 28 Independence from Spain in 1821.
 Philippines June 12 (Araw ng Kalayaan) The proclamation date of the 1898 Declaration of Independence by Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine Revolution is celebrated as Independence Day. The Republic of the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation on July 4, 1946.
 Poland November 11 (Święto Niepodległości) Restoration of Poland's independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Austro-Hungary, Prussia, and Russia.
 Portugal December 1 Restoration of Portugal's independence (from Spain) in 1640.

The country's original independence (from the Kingdom of León) was recognized on October 5 of 1143. That day is a holiday in Portugal, but for a different reason. (Implantation of the Republic, or Republic Day. Event of 1910.) Note that none of these events are similar to today's declarations or recognition of independence as these are in fact the recognition of the rule of a king to the land. Portugal existed as a separate entity before 1143 and during the union with Spain between 1580 and 1640.

 Qatar December 18 The assumption of power of Sheikh Jassem bin Mohamed al-Thani, ancestor of the current ruling family, in 1878.
 Russia June 12 Supremacy of Russian laws over Soviet ones in the territory of the RSFSR is declared.
 Romania May 9 Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877.
 Rwanda July 1 Independence from Belgium in 1962.
 Saint Kitts and Nevis September 19 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1983.
 Samoa June 1 June 1 .
 São Tomé and Príncipe July 12 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
 Serbia February 15 The beginning of the Serbian revolution against Ottoman occupation in 1804.
 Seychelles June 29 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1976.
 Sierra Leone April 27 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
 Singapore August 9 (National Day Parade) Marks exit / separation from Malaysia in 1965.
 Solomon Islands July 7 Marks exit / independence from United Kingdom in 1978.
 Slovakia July 17 Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a remembrance day), de jure independence came on January 1, 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).
 Slovenia December 26 and June 25 (Independence and Unity Day) Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia. (Statehood Day) Declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
 South Africa December 11 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1931. Not a public holiday. Union of South Africa formed on May 31, 1910 and Republic of South Africa declared on May 31, 1961
 Sri Lanka February 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948.
 Sudan January 1 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1956.
 Suriname November 25 Independence from the Netherlands in 1975.
 Swaziland September 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
 Switzerland August 1 (Swiss National Day) Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291.
 Tajikistan September 9 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
 Tanzania December 9 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1961.
 Trinidad and Tobago August 31 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
 Tonga June 4 Tonga was never a colony, but late King's birthday was celebrated on 4 July.
 Togo April 27 Independence from France in 1960.
 Tunisia March 20 Declaration of independence from France in 1956.
Turkish Republic of North Cyprus November 15 Declaration of independence November 15, 1983 .
 Turkmenistan October 27 Declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.[4]
 Ukraine August 24 and January 22 (Den' Nezalezhnosti) Independence from the Soviet Union on August 24, 1991. Unification of Ukraine on January 22, 1919.[5]
 United Arab Emirates December 2 (National Day) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971.
 United States July 4 (Fourth of July) Declaration of Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1776.
 Uruguay August 25 (Día de la Independencia) Declaration of independence from Brazil in 1825.
 Uzbekistan September 1 Independence from USSR in 1991.
 Vanuatu July 30 Independence from United Kingdom and France in 1980.
 Vatican City February 11 Lateran Treaty signed with Italy in 1929.
 Venezuela July 5 Declaration of independence from Spain in 1811.
 Vietnam September 2 Proclamation of independence from Japan and France in 1945.
 Yemen November 30 South Yemen Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1967.
 Zambia October 24 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1964.
 Zimbabwe April 18 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1980.

References

  1. ^ Abkhazia , Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO).
  2. ^ "United Nations Member States". Un.org. http://www.un.org/members/holidays.shtml. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  3. ^ http://www.avatterin.net
  4. ^ Edgar, Adrienne Lynn (2004). Tribal Nation: The Making of Soviet Turkmenistan. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 1. ISBN 0-691-11775-6. "On October 27, 1991, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic declared its independence from the Soviet Union." 
  5. ^ "Holidays". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine. http://www.mfa.gov.ua/mfa/en/publication/content/290.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-24. 

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An Independence Day is an annual celebration commemorating the anniversary of a nation's assumption of independent statehood, usually after ceasing to be a colony or part of another state, more rarely after the end of a military occupation. Most countries honor their respective independence day as a national holiday and some countries or nations' independence-date honors are contested. Not all countries have independence days, instead they celebrate another national day.

The following is a partial list of independence days of countries around the world:

Country Date Significant event
Afghanistan August 19 Independence from United Kingdom control over Afghan foreign affairs in 1919.
Albania November 28 (Dita e Pavarësisë) Declared by Ismail Qemali in 1912 and signalled the end of five centuries of Ottoman rule.
Algeria July 5 Independence from France in 1962.
Angola November 11 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Antigua and Barbuda November 1 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981.
Argentina July 9 Independence declared from Spain in 1816.
Armenia September 21 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Azerbaijan October 18 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Bahamas July 10 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1973.
Bahrain December 16 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971, National Day.
Bangladesh March 26 Independence was declared from Pakistan and this led to a nine month war ending on December 16, 1971.
Barbados November 30 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Belarus July 3 Liberation of Minsk from German occupation by Soviet troops in 1944.
Belgium July 21 Independence from Netherlands (Belgian revolution). Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld takes the oath as first king of the Belgians in 1831.
Belize September 21 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981. See September Celebrations.
Benin August 1 Independence from France in 1960.
Bolivia August 6 Independence from Spain in 1825.
Bosnia and Herzegovina March 1 Independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.
Botswana September 30 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Brazil September 7 (Dia da Independência) Declared Independence from Portugal on that date in 1822. It was declared by Don Pedro I, son of the King of Portugal and the first Brazilian Emperor, but the independence act was not recognized until November 25, 1825.
Brunei January 1 Independence from United Kingdom in 1984
Bulgaria September 22 Independence from Ottoman Empire in 1908
Burkina Faso August 5 Independence from France in 1960
Burundi July 1 Independence from Belgium in 1962
Cambodia November 9 Independence from France in 1953
Cape Verde July 5 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Central African Republic August 13 Independence from France in 1960.
Chad August 11 Independence from France in 1960.
Chile February 12 Declared Independence from Spain on that date in 1818. Actually, Chileans celebrate the date of the first Government Junta, September 18. This date was not recognized as until 25 April 1844.
Colombia July 20 and August 7 Independence from Spain in 1810.
Democratic Republic of the Congo June 30 Independence from Belgium in 1960.
Costa Rica September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821.
Côte d'Ivoire December 7 Independence from France in 1960.
Croatia October 8 and June 25 Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. Independence was declared, after a referendum, by the Parliament on June 25 (the date is celebrated as Statehood Day); EU pressured Croatia into a three month moratorium, and on October 8 the ties with SFRJ were formally severed.
Cyprus October 1 Independence from the United Kingdom on August 16, 1960, but Cyprus Independence Day is commonly celebrated on October 1.[1][2]
Czech Republic October 28 and November 17 As Czechoslovakia, marking independence from Austria-Hungary on October 28, 1918.

As Czechoslovakia, marking the Velvet Revolution in November 17, 1989.

Djibouti June 27 Independence from France in 1977
Dominica November 3 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1978
Dominican Republic February 27 Independence from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.
East Timor May 20 Independence from Indonesia in 2002. Portugal granted independence to East Timor in 1975, but it was soon after invaded by Indonesia, which only recognized East Timorese independence in 2002.
Ecuador August 10 and May 24 Proclaimed independence from Spain on August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement on August 2, 1810. Independence finally occurred on May 24, 1822 at the Battle of Pichincha.
El Salvador September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821
Eritrea May 24 Independence from Ethiopia in 1993.
Estonia February 24
August 20
Independence from the Russian Empire in 1918.
Independence re-declared from the Soviet Union in 1991
Fiji October 10 Fiji Independence Day Independence from United Kingdom in 1970.
Finland December 6 Independence Day of Finland Independence from Russia in 1917.
Republic of Macedonia September 8 (Den na nezavisnosta or Ден на независноста) Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
The Gambia February 18 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965.
Georgia May 26

April 9

Day of First Republic in 1918.

Independence from USSR in 1991.

Ghana March 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957.
Greece March 25 Declaration of independence from Ottoman Empire in 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence
Grenada February 7 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1974.
Guatemala September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821.
Guyana May 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Haiti January 1 Declaration of Independence from France in 1804.
Honduras September 15 Independence from Kingdom of Spain in 1821.
Iceland June 17 Independence from Kingdom of Denmark in 1944.
India August 15 Independence from the British in 1947.
Indonesia August 17 Proclamation of Independence day (Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan R.I.) from Japan in 1945. The Netherlands acknowledged Indonesian independence and sovereignty in 1949.
Ireland Easter Monday Proclamation of the Irish Republic commencing the Easter Rising on April 24, 1916. Independence from the United Kingdom.
Israel 5 Iyar (Yom Ha'atzmaut) celebrated on Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to 5 Iyar, so it actually occurs between the 3rd and 6th of Iyar, which may fall between April 15 and May 15. The Gregorian date on which Israeli independence was proclaimed is May 14, 1948 (from the British Mandate of Palestine).
Jamaica August 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
Jordan May 25 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1946.
Kazakhstan December 16 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Kenya December 12 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1963.
Korea, North September 9 Founding of the DPRK in 1948.
Korea, South August 15 (Gwangbokjeol) Independence from Japan in 1945.
Kuwait June 19 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
Kyrgyzstan August 31 Independence from USSR in 1991.
Latvia November 18 and May 4 Independence from Russia on November 18, 1918.
Independence from Soviet Union on May 4, 1990
Lebanon November 22 Independence from France in 1943.
Lesotho October 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Liberia July 26 Independence from the United States in 1847.
Lithuania February 16 and March 11 Independence from Russia and Germany in February, 1918; independence from the Soviet Union in March, 1990.
Madagascar June 26 Independence from France in 1960.
Malawi July 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
Malaysia August 31 (Hari Merdeka) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957
Maldives July 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965 join[3]
Mali September 22 Independence from France in 1960
Malta September 21 (Independence Day (Malta)) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
Mauritius March 12 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
Mexico September 16 (Grito de Dolores) Independence from Spain declared in 1810. Recognized on September 27, 1821
Moldova August 27 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
Mongolia November 26 Independence from China on July 11, 1921
Montenegro May 21 Independence from State union with Serbia, in 2006
Morocco November 18 Independence from France and Spain in 1956
Mozambique June 25 Independence from Portugal in 1975
Myanmar January 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948
Namibia March 21 Independence from South African mandate in 1990
Netherlands May 5 (Bevrijdingsdag) Liberation from Nazi-Germany in 1945
Nicaragua September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821
Niger August 3 Independence from France in 1960
Nigeria October 1 Independence from United Kingdom in 1960
Norway May 17 (Constitution Day, or "syttende mai") The signing of the Norwegian Constitution in Eidsvoll, May 17, 1814.
Pakistan August 14 (Yaum e Azadi) "Islami Jamhooria Pakistan" Independence from the United Kingdom in 27 Ramazan ul Mubarik, August 14, 1947.
Panama November 28 Independence from Spain in 1821. The 1903 separation from Colombia is also celebrated (on November 3, Separation Day).
Papua New Guinea September 16 Independence from Australia of the former Territories of New Guinea, and Papua, in 1975.
Paraguay May 15 (Día de Independencia) Independence from Spain in 1811.
Peru July 28 Independence from Spain in 1821.
Philippines June 12 (Araw ng Kalayaan) Independence from Spain in 1898.
Poland November 11 (Święto Niepodległości) Restoration of Poland's independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Austro-Hungary, Prussia, and Russia.
Portugal December 1 Restoration of Portugal's independence (from Spain) in 1640.

The country's original independence (from the Kingdom of León) was recognized on October 5 of 1143. That day is a holiday in Portugal, but for a different reason. (Implantation of the Republic, or Republic Day. Event of 1910.) Note that none of these events are similar to today's declarations or recognition of independence as these are in fact the recognition of the rule of a king to the land. Portugal existed as a separate entity before 1143 and during the union with Spain between 1580-1640.

Qatar December 18 The assumption of power of Sheikh Jassem bin Mohamed al-Thani, ancestor of the current ruling family, in 1878.
Russia June 12 Supremacy of Russian laws over Soviet ones in the territory of the RSFSR is declared.
Romania May 9 Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877.
Rwanda July 1 Independence from Belgium in 1962.
Saint Christopher and Nevis September 19 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1983.
São Tomé and Príncipe July 12 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Serbia February 15 The beginning of the Serbian revolution against Ottoman occupation in 1804.
Seychelles June 29 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1976.
Sierra Leone April 27 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
Singapore August 9 (National Day Parade) Marks exit / separation from Malaysia in 1965.
Solomon Islands July 7 Marks exit / independence from United Kingdom in 1978.
Slovakia July 17 Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a remembrance day), de jure independence came on January 1, 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).
Slovenia December 26 and June 25 (Independence and Unity Day) Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia. (Statehood Day) Declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
South Africa December 11 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1931. Not a public holiday. Union of South Africa formed on May 31, 1910 and Republic of South Africa declared on May 31, 1961
Sri Lanka February 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948.
Sudan January 1 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1956.
Suriname November 25 Independence from The Netherlands in 1975.
Swaziland September 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
Sweden June 6 (National Day of Sweden) Gustav Vasa is elected King of Sweden in 1523.
Switzerland August 1 (Swiss National Day) Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291.
Tajikistan September 9 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Tanzania December 9 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1961.
Trinidad and Tobago August 31 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
Tonga June 4 Tonga was never a colony, but late King's birthday was celebrated on 4 July.
Togo April 27 Independence from the France in 1960.
Tunisia March 20 Declaration of independence from France in 1956.
Ukraine August 24 and January 22 (Den' Nezalezhnosti) Independence from the Soviet Union on August 24, 1991. Unification of Ukraine on January 22, 1919.[4]
United Arab Emirates December 2 (National Day) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971.
United States of America July 4 (Fourth of July) Declaration of Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1776.
Uruguay August 25 (Día de la Independencia) Declaration of independence from Brazil in 1825.
Uzbekistan September 1 Independence from USSR in 1991.
Vanuatu July 30 Independence from United Kingdom and France in 1980.
Vatican City February 11 Lateran Treaty signed with Italy in 1929.
Venezuela July 5 Declaration of independence from Spain in 1811.
Vietnam September 2 Declaration of independence from France and Japan in 1945.
Yemen November 30 South Yemen Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1967.
Zambia October 24 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1964.
Zimbabwe April 18 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1980.

References

  1. ^ "United Nations Member States". Un.org. http://www.un.org/members/holidays.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-11-04. 
  2. ^ "Public Holidays in Cyprus - AngloINFO Cyprus". Cyprus.angloinfo.com. http://cyprus.angloinfo.com/information/10/pub_hols.asp. Retrieved on 2008-11-04. 
  3. ^ http://www.avatterin.net
  4. ^ "Holidays". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine. http://www.mfa.gov.ua/mfa/en/publication/content/290.htm. Retrieved on 2008-08-24. 


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Independence Day is a 1996 film about a worldwide alien attack and the subsequent rallying of humankind to fight back on July 4th.

Directed by Roland Emmerich. Written by Roland Emmerich and Dean Devlin.
EARTH. Take A Good Look. It Could Be Your Last.Taglines

Contents

Captain Steven Hiller

  • [to the unconscious alien] Y'know, this was supposed to be my weekend off. But noooo. You got me out here, draggin' your heavy ass, through the burnin' desert, with your dreadlocks sticking out the back of my parachute. You gotta come down here with an attitude, actin' all big and bad…and WHAT THE HELL IS THAT SMELL?! [screams and kicks the alien] I could've been at a BARBECUE! But I ain't mad.

Julius Levinson

  • [to David] It's the White House, for crying out loud. You can't just drive up and ring the bell.
  • So tell me something: you're so smart, how come you spent 8 years at M.I.T. to become a cable repairman?
  • All I'm saying is that they have people to handle these things. They want HBO, they'll call you.

President Thomas Whitmore

  • Good morning. [Turns on mic] Good morning. In less than an hour, aircraft from here will join others from around the world, and you will be launching the largest aerial battle in the history of mankind. Mankind. That word should have new meaning for all of us today. We can't be consumed by our petty differences anymore. We will be united in our common interests. Perhaps it's fate that today is the Fourth of July, and you will once again be fighting for our freedom… Not from tyranny, oppression, or persecution… but from annihilation. We're fighting for our right to live. To exist. And should we win the day, the Fourth of July will no longer be known as an American holiday, but as the day when the world declared in one voice: We will not go quietly into the night! We will not vanish without a fight! We're going to live on! We're going to survive! Today we celebrate our Independence Day!

Dialogue

President: I have a confession to make. I'm sleeping next to a beautiful young brunette.
Marilyn: You didn't let her stay up all night watching TV, did you?
President: Of course not.
[pause]
Patricia: Daddy let me watch Letterman.
President: Traitor.

Connie: Now what do we do?
President: Address the nation. There's gonna be a lot of frightened people out there.
Connie: Yeah? I'm one of 'em.

Jasmine: There you go, there you go, thinking you're all that. But you are not as charming as you think you are, sir.
Steven: Yes, I am.

Marty: A countdown…wait, a countdown to what, David?
David: Uh, it's like in chess: First, you strategically position your pieces and when the timing is right you… strike. See? They're positioning themselves all over the world using this signal to synchronize their efforts. In approximately six hours the signal's gonna disappear and the countdown's gonna be over.
Marty: And then what?
David: Checkmate.
Marty: [Gasp] Oh, my God. Oh my God! I gotta call my brother, I'd better call my housekeeper, I gotta call my lawyer. Nah, forget my lawyer.

Jimmy: You scared, man?
Steven: No. You?
Jimmy: Nope. [pauses] Hold me.
Steven: Hey, pay attention.
Lieutenant: Something you wanna add to this briefing, Captain Hiller?
Steven: No, sir. I'm just a little anxious to get up there and whup E.T.'s ass. That's all.
[everyone else laughs]
Lieutenant: And you'll get your chance. You'll all get your chance. Good hunting. Dismissed!
Jimmy: Let's kick the tires and light the fires, big daddy!

[David, Connie, General Grey, and Nimzicki are all talking at once, after David objects to them using nuclear weapons]
Nimzicki: Shut up! Captain, get him out of here!
David: Hey, don't tell him to shut up! You'd all be dead now if it wasn't for my David! None of you did anything to prevent this!
General: There was nothing we could do! We were totally unprepared for this.
Julius: Oh don't give me "unprepared"! It was, what? In the nineteen- what, fifties. Whatever You had that spaceship.
David: Dad.
Julius: Yeah, that thing you found in New Mexico. Where was that?
David: Dad, not the spaceship.
Julius: Roswell. Roswell, New Mexico. No, you had the spaceship and you had the bodies. They were locked up in a, in a bunker. Where was that?
Connie: Sir... I don't know.
Julius: David? Area 51, right? Area 51! You knew then! And you did nothing!
President: Sir, regardless of what you may have read in the tabloids, there has never been any spacecraft recovered by our government. Take my word for it. There's no Area 51. There's no recovered spaceship.
Nimzicki: Uh, excuse me, Mr. President. That's not entirely accurate.
David: What, which part?

President: I don't understand, where does all this come from? How do you get funding for something like this?
Julius: You don't actually think they spend $20,000 on a hammer, $30,000 on a toilet seat, do you?

President:I know there is much to learn from each other if we can make a truce. We can find a way to Co-exist. can there be a peace between us?
Alien: Peace? NO PEACE!
President: What is it you want us to do?
Alien: Die... Die.

Marty: David! David, what the hell's the point of having a beeper if you aren't even gonna turn it on?!?!
David: It was turned on. I was ignoring you.

Taglines

  • EARTH: Take A Good Look. It Could Be Your Last.
  • We've Always Believed We Weren't Alone. On July 4th, We'll Wish We Were.
  • The Question Of Whether Or Not We Are Alone In The Universe...Has Been Answered.
  • WARNING! Your Next Stop May Not Be There.
  • They Only Want One Thing...DESTRUCTION.
  • On July 2nd, They Arrive. On July 3rd, They Strike. On July 4th, We Fight Back.
  • Today, The Human Race Celebrates Their Independence Day.
  • Enjoy The Super Bowl, It May Be Your Last.

Cast

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

Singular
Independence Day

Plural
-

Independence Day

  1. An American holiday celebrating the country's independence from England. It is always celebrated on the 4th of July.

See also


Strategy wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From StrategyWiki, the free strategy guide and walkthrough wiki

stub

This page is a stub. Help us expand it, and you get a cookie.

Independence Day
Box artwork for Independence Day.
Developer(s) Radical Entertainment
Publisher(s) Fox Interactive
Release date(s)
Genre(s) Combat flight simulation
System(s) PlayStation, Windows, Sega Saturn, Mobile phone
Rating(s)
ESRB: Kids to Adults

Independence Day is based off the film and was released after the film was out. You will play 13 missions, shoot down aliens and play along with the story where the humans destroy the aliens.

Table of Contents

Getting Started
  • Controls
  • Grand Canyon
  • Washington, D.C.
  • New York City
  • Paris
  • Moscow
  • Tokyo
  • Oahu, Hawaii
  • Las Vegas
  • Area 51
  • Mothership

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