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Independence Historic District
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. Historic District
James S. and Jennie M. Cooper House
Location: Roughly bounded by Butler, Main, G, and Ninth streets, Independence, Oregon
Coordinates: 44°51′2″N 123°11′23″W / 44.85056°N 123.18972°W / 44.85056; -123.18972Coordinates: 44°51′2″N 123°11′23″W / 44.85056°N 123.18972°W / 44.85056; -123.18972
Architect: Multiple
Architectural style(s): Queen Anne, Gothic Revival, Victorian, Italianate, Craftsman
Governing body: Local
Added to NRHP: March 1, 1989
NRHP Reference#: 89000048[1]

Independence Historic District in Independence, Oregon, United States is a historic district that was listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in 1989.[1] The roughly 30-block district preserves approximately 250 homes and businesses of a prosperous riverside town of the 1880s.[2][3]

Contents

History

Main Street, running along the Willamette River, is notable as an example of a late-nineteenth/early-twentieth century main street and features two commercial buildings with prominent Victorian-era towers.[2][4] Most of the buildings on Main Street were built of brick between 1880 and 1900.[3]

Independence thrived as a shipping point, by both rail and boat, for agricultural products and lumber until the 1950s.[2] The city was known for its hops production from the 1890s through the 1940s, dubbing itself the "Hop Capital of the World." When the demand for hops dropped, the city's fortunes began to decline.[2][5][6] One reason Independence is so well-preserved today is that it was bypassed by major freeways in the 1960s, so there wasn't a push to modernize the downtown.[4] Today the historic district is being revitalized as a tourism destination.[4]

Individual listings within the district

The district includes six buildings separately listed on the NRHP:[7]

  • Dr. John E. and Mary D. Davidson House (c. 1878)
  • Independence National Bank (1891)
  • Kersey C. Eldridge House (1914)
  • J. A. Wheeler House (c.1880)
  • James S. and Jennie M. Cooper House (c. 1875)
  • Saint Patrick's Roman Catholic Church (c. 1874)

See also

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. http://www.nr.nps.gov/.  
  2. ^ a b c d Independence History from the City of Independence
  3. ^ a b Anderson, John Gottberg (January 6, 2008). "Three historic Valley villages". The Bulletin. http://www.bendbulletin.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080106/TRAVEL/801060366. Retrieved March 9, 2009.  
  4. ^ a b c Independence, Oregon: Historic Main Street from greatstreets.org
  5. ^ A Heady Success from Oregon State University
  6. ^ Hops and Beer from Salem Online History
  7. ^ "Oregon National Register List". Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. January 5, 2009. http://www.oregon.gov/OPRD/HCD/NATREG/docs/oregon_nr_list.pdf. Retrieved March 9, 2009.  

External links

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