Independence Party (Iceland): Wikis


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Independence Party
Chairperson Bjarni Benediktsson
Vice chairperson Þorgerður Katrín Gunnarsdóttir
Founded 25 May 1929
Headquarters Háaleitisbraut 1
105 Reykjavík
Ideology Nationalism,
Liberal conservatism,
Classical liberalism,
International affiliation International Democrat Union
European affiliation None
Official colours Blue
Seats in the Althing
Politics of Iceland
Political parties

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The Independence Party (Sjálfstæðisflokkurinn) is a Right-wing political party in Iceland. It was formed in 1929 through a merger of the Conservative Party and the Liberal Party. The party supports Icelandic membership of NATO and is opposed to the idea of joining the European Union. The party's position on EU membership was confirmed at its national congress on March 2009. [1]

The Chairman of the Independence Party is Bjarni Benediktsson. He was elected at the party's national congress in March 2009. The Vice-Chairman of the party is Þorgerður Katrín Gunnarsdóttir, former Minister of Education, Science and Culture.



All former chairmen of the party have held the office of the Prime Minister of Iceland: Ólafur Thors, Bjarni Benediktsson, Jóhann Hafstein, Geir Hallgrímsson, Þorsteinn Pálsson, Davíð Oddsson and Geir H. Haarde. Jón Þorláksson, the first chairman of the Independence party was Prime Minister for the Conservative party prior to the foundation of the Independence party. Gunnar Thoroddsen, who was the party's vice chairman 1974-1981, was Iceland's PM from 1980 to 1983, but the Independence Party did not officially support his government, although some MP's in the party did.

Leader From To
Jón Þorláksson 29 May 1929 2 October 1934
Ólafur Thors 2 October 1934 22 October 1961
Bjarni Benediktsson 22 October 1961 10 July 1970
Jóhann Hafstein 10 July 1970 12 October 1973
Geir Hallgrímsson 12 October 1973 6 November 1983
Þorsteinn Pálsson 6 November 1983 10 March 1991
Davíð Oddsson 10 March 1991 16 October 2005
Geir Haarde 16 October 2005 29 March 2009
Bjarni Benediktsson 29 March 2009 Present

2007 elections

The Independence Party won the 2007 elections, increasing their seat tally in the Althing by 3. It formed a new coalition government under Haarde with the Social Democratic Alliance, after their current coalition partner, the Progressive Party, lost heavily in the elections.

2009 elections

In the 2009 elections, the Independence Party dropped from 25 to 16 seats in the Althing, becoming Iceland's second-largest party following the Social Democratic Alliance (which gained two seats, to 20.)

Notes and references

External links



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