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The Indian Evidence Act, originally passed by the British parliament in 1872, contains a set of rules and allied issues governing admissibility of any evidence in the Indian courts of law.

Contents

Importance

The enactment and adoption of the Indian Evidence Act was a path-breaking judicial measure introduced in India, which changed the entire system of concepts pertaining to admissibility of evidences in the Indian courts of law. Up to that point of time, the rules of evidences were based on the traditional legal systems of different social groups and communities of India and were different for different persons depending on his or her caste, religious faith and social position. The Indian Evidence Act removed this anomaly and differentiation, and introduced a standard set of law applicable to all Indians.

The Indian Evidence act of 1872 is mainly based upon the firm work by Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, who could be called the founding father of this comprehensive piece of legislation.

The Act

The Indian Evidence Act, identified as Act no. 1 of 1872, and called the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, has eleven chapters and 167 sections, and came into force 1st September 1872. At that time, India was a part of the British Empire. Over a period of more than 125 years since its enactment, the Indian Evidence Act has basically retained its original form except certain amendments from time to time.

Applicability

When India gained independence on 15th August 1947, the Act continued to be in force throughout the Republic of India, except the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

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