Indian Police Service: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Indian Police Service
National Emblem
National Emblem
Service Overview
Abbreviation I.P.S.
Formed 1948
Country  India
Training Ground Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad
Controlling Authority Ministry of Home Affairs
Legal personality Governmental: Government service
General nature Federal law enforcement
Preceding service Imperial Police
Cadre Size 3899[1] Posts
Service Colour Dark Blue and Red
Uniform Colour Khaki
Website Official Site
Director Intelligence Bureau (IB)

The Indian Police Service (Devanāgarī: भारतीय पुलिस सेवा, Bhāratīya Polīce Sevā), simply known as Indian Police or IPS, is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India; other two being the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and Indian Forest Service (IFS).[2] In 1948, a year after India gained independence from Britain, the Imperial Police (IP) was replaced by the Indian Police Service. The IPS is not a law enforcement agency in its own right; rather it is the body to which all senior police officers belong regardless of the agency for whom they work.



The First Police Commission, appointed on 17th August, 1860, contained detailed guidelines for the desired system of police in India and defined police as a governmental department to maintain order, enforce the law, and prevent and detect crime. The Indian Police Service is not a force itself but a service providing leaders and commanders to staff the state police and all-India Para-Military Forces. Its members, who are all at least university graduates, are the senior officers of the police. With the passage of time Indian Police Service's objectives were updated and redefined, the roles and functions of an Indian Police Service Officer are as follows:[3]

Armored vehicles and personnel of the Mumbai Police Force.
  • Last but not the least, to lead and command the force with courage, uprightness, dedication and a strong sense of service to the people.
  • Endeavour to inculcate in the police forces under their command such values and norms as would help them serve the people better.
  • Inculcate integrity of the highest order, sensitivity to aspirations of people in a fast-changing social and economic milieu, respect for human rights, broad liberal perspective of law and justice and high standard of professionalism.



Reforms ordered by the Supreme Court (1996-2006)

Prakash Singh, one of the former Director Generals of Police of the states of Assam and subsequently Uttar Pradesh and finally Director General of the Border Security Force, initiated a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the Supreme Court of India, asking the court to investigate measures to reform the police forces across India to ensure the proper rule of law and improve security across India.[4]

Delhi Police Highway Patrol near Gurgaon.

Several measures were identified as necessary to professionalize the police in India:

  • A mid or high ranking police officer must not be transferred more frequently than every two years.
  • The state government cannot ask the police force to hire someone, nor can they choose the Chief Commissioner.
  • There must be separate departments and staff for investigation and patrolling.

Three new authorities will be created in each state, to prevent political interference in the police and also to make the police accountable for their heavy-handedness [5], which will include the creation of:

  • A State Security Commission for policies and direction
  • A Police Establishment Board, which will decide the selection, promotions and transfers of police officers and other staff
  • A Police Complaints Authority, to inquire into allegations of police misconduct.

In 2006, due to a lack of action by all the state governments in India, the supreme court ordered the state governments to report to it why the reform measures outlined were not implemented.[6] After being questioned in front of the judges of the Supreme Court of India, the state governments are finally starting to reform the police forces and give them the operational independence they need for fearless and proper law enforcement.[7]

Examination and training

To serve in the IPS one has to pass the Civil Services Examination or be elevated from the state cadre, which is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission, every year. This examination is a common examination conducted for selection to the other one of the other All India Services, as well as various other Group A and Group B services under the Central Government.

National Police Memorial New Delhi

Taking the Civil Services Examination, a three-stage competitive selection process consisting of a preliminary exam, a main exam, and an interview is the only way to get in to IPS as with many other civil service bodies. This Civil Services Examination is administered by the Union Public Service Commission once a year.

At stage one, there is an objective type examination called the Preliminary examination. This is a qualifying examination and only the candidates who clear this can appear for the next stage called the Main examination. In the Main examination each candidate has to select two optional subjects, apart from which all candidates have to take a General Studies, Essay and compulsory language paper and English paper. Preliminary examination consists of General Studies & Optional 1. On clearing this candidate would be allowed to write mains, which consists of nine papers.

After being selected for the IPS, candidates are allocated to their Cadres. There is one cadre in each Indian state, except for three joint cadres: Assam-Meghalaya, Manipur-Tripura, and Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram-Union Territories (AGMUT).

Each state and union territory of India has a state police force, headed by the Commissioner of Police (State) or Director General of Police (DGP). It is controlled by the Chief Minister and Home Minister of the state/union territory. The state police is responsible for maintaining law and order in townships of the state and the rural areas. States such as Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra have taken steps to get their police force trained by advanced police training schools notably the Atlanta City Police of the USA and the World Police Academy of Canada. The Tamil Nadu state police is at the forefront of advancement with the Tamil Nadu Police Academy, which now seeks university status. The advanced training that the Tamil Nadu Police undergo vary from fraud investigation to advanced patrol training. This training when completed will make the Tamil Nadu Police one of the most advanced police forces in India. The World Police Academy and the Atlanta City Police USA are known across the world for their excellence in police training. The World Police Academy Canada has been spoken of as being nation specific and is therefore focussed on the specific requirements of the Indian Police. City Police Services on the other hand are known for their one lesson fits all attitude. The Indian Police Forces have been trying to secure better training and capabilities for their personnel, but with indifferent success due to a cumbrous buraeucracy.

Designations & Pay Scales

IPS officers pay scales, according to the Sixth Central Pay Commission[8]:

Grade Position In The State Government(s) Pay Band Equivalent Position or Designation In the State Government(s) or Government Of India (GOI)
Above Super Time Scale (Apex Scale) Commissioner of Police (State) 80000 rupees (fixed) plus grade pay-Nil Director General of Police, Director (GOI), Director General (GOI), Secretary (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI)
Above Super Time Scale (Pay-Band-4) Special Commissioner of Police 37400-67000 rupees plus grade pay of 12000 rupees Additional Director General of Police, Commissioner of Police (City), Special or Additional Director (GOI), Special or Additional Secretary (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI)
Super Time Scale (Pay-Band-4) Joint Commissioner of Police 37400-67000 rupees plus grade pay of 10,000 rupees Inspector General of Police, Commissioner of Police (City), Director (GOI), Joint Secretary (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI)
Super Time Scale(Pay-Band-4) Additional Commissioner of Police 37400-67000 rupees plus grade pay of 8900 rupees Deputy Inspector General of Police, Commissioner of Police (City), Additional Director (GOI), Director (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI)
Senior Scale(Pay-Band-4) Deputy Commissioner of Police 15600-39100 rupees plus grade Pay of 8700 rupees Senior Superintendent of Police, Deputy Secretary (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI)
Junior Administration Grade(Pay-Band-3) Deputy Commissioner of Police 15600-39100 rupees plus grade pay of 7600 rupees Superintendent of Police, Under Secretary (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI)
Senior Time Scale (Pay-Band-3) Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police 15600-39100 rupees plus grade pay of 6600 rupees Additional Superintendent of Police
Junior Scale(Pay-Band-3) Assistant Commissioner of Police 15600-39100 rupees plus grade pay of 5400 rupees Deputy Superintendent of Police, Circle Officer

Ranks and insignia

The Indian Police Service (IPS) uses military insignia on its shoulder flashes, similar to United Kingdom police forces.

Gazetted Officer Rank Insignia
Insignia Director IB Insignia.png Director General of Police.png Inspector General of Police.png Deputy Inspector General of Police.png Senior Superintendent of Police.png Superintendent of Police.png Assistant Superintendent of Police.png Deupty Superintendent of Police.png
Rank Director of Intelligence Bureau (GOI)¹ Commissioner of Police (State) or Director General of Police Joint Commissioner of Police or Inspector General of Police Additional Commissioner of Police or Deputy Inspector General of Police Deputy Commissioner of Police or Senior Superintendent of Police Deputy Commissioner of Police or Superintendent of Police Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police or Additional Superintendent of Police Assistant Commissioner of Police or Deputy Superintendent of Police
Abbreviation DIB CP or DGP JCP or IGP ADL.CP or DIG DCP or SSP DCP or SP ADL.DCP or ASP ACP or DSP
  • ¹ Although DIB is a 4 star post and not a rank, it's given to the senior most IPS officer in Intelligence Bureau
  • Note: Gazetted officers belonging to Indian State Police Service(s) lie between ranks ACP/DSP and DCP/SSP.
    • In order to get promoted to ADL.CP/DIG rank, officers undergo training and hence are awarded IPS.
Non-Gazetted Officer Rank Insignia
Insignia Police Inspector.png Police Sub-Inspector.png Police Assistant Sub-Inspector.png Police Head Constable.png Senior Police Constable.png No Insignia¹
Rank Inspector of Police Sub-Inspector of Police Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police Police Head Constable Senior Police Constable Police Constable
Abbreviation INS SI ASI HPC SPC PC
  • ¹ Police Constable has no insignia except the khaki uniform.
  • Note: Colour pattern and size of chevron may vary according to the different rules of several distinct Indian State Police Services.

Ranks and insignia of Gazetted Officers

Peaked Cap worn by Indian Police Service (IPS) officers
  • National Emblem above Crossed Sword and Baton (same insignia as a Lieutenant-General in the Indian Army)
  • One Star above Crossed Sword and Baton (same insignia as a Major-General in the Indian Army)
  • National Emblem above three Stars in a triangle (same insignia as a Brigadier in the Indian Army)
  • National Emblem above two Stars (same insignia as a Colonel in the Indian Army)
  • National Emblem above one Star (same insignia as a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Indian Army)
  • National Emblem (same insignia as a Major in the Indian Army)
  • Three Stars (same insignia as a Captain in the Indian Army)

Ranks and insignia of Non-Gazetted Officers

  • Two stars with a red and blue ribbon at the outer edge of the shoulder straps (Same insignia as a Subedar in the Indian Army)
  • One Star with a red and blue ribbon at the outer edge of the shoulder straps (Same insignia as a Naib Subedar in the Indian Army)
  • State Police Service Probationary Rank
  • State Police Officers are first appointed as ASIs when in probationary period (a time span of 2 years) and in the 3rd year officers are promoted to the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police (DySP) or Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP) immediately as their probationary period ends.
  • Assistant Sub-Inspector not in charge of sub-division with less than 2 years service
  • Three chevrons points facing downwards / Navy Blue colored epaulettes with three golden stripes on the Shoulder (Same insignia as a Havildar in the Indian Army)
  • Two chevrons points facing downwards / Navy Blue colored epaulettes with two golden stripes on the Shoulder (Same insignia as a Naik in the Indian Army)
  • No rank insignia (equivalent to Sepoy in the Indian Army)

See also

External links


  1. ^ "Shortfall of IPS officers". Retrieved 2009-07-09. 
  2. ^,%201951.pdf
  3. ^ "Duties and Responsibilities of IPS officers". Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  4. ^ Prasad, Devika; Caroline Avanzo (2006-11-05). "Seize the opportunity". The Hindu. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  5. ^ Strip, Mobius; Ramesh Ramanathan (2007-05-07). "". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  6. ^ "The Supreme Court takes the lead on police reform: Prakash Singh vs. Union of India". Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  7. ^ Das, Sunrat (2007-05-06). "Board to lend ears to transfer woes". Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Diector, Intelligence Bureau's Insignia Equivalent to Armed Forces Generals". Government of India. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 


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