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Indian Premier League
DLF IPL logo.png
Logo of the Indian Premier League
Countries India India
Administrator BCCI
Format Twenty20
First tournament 2008
Last tournament 2009
Tournament format Double round-robin and Knockout
Number of teams 8
Current champion Deccan Chargers colours.svg Deccan Chargers
Most successful Rajasthan Royals colours.svg Rajasthan Royals and

Deccan Chargers colours.svg Deccan Chargers (1 title)
Qualification Twenty20 Champions League
Most runs Deccan Chargers colours.svg Adam Gilchrist (1023) [1]
Most wickets Deccan Chargers colours.svg R. P. Singh (38) [2]
Website www.iplt20.com
2010 Indian Premier League

The Indian Premier League (often abbreviated as IPL), is a Twenty20 cricket competition initiated by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) and supervised by BCCI Vice President Lalit Modi, Chairman & Commissioner for IPL. It includes 8 teams or "franchises" consisting of players from different countries. The first season of the Indian Premier League commenced on 18 April 2008.

The third season of IPL started in India on 12 March 2010 and is due to last over a period of 45 days.[3] Five new venues, Cuttack, Nagpur, Vishakhapatnam, Ahmedabad and Dharamsala, have been added[4][5]. Other changes include removal of icon players[6] and granting permission to players who were involved in the Indian Cricket League to play in the tournament.[7] Also, it will be the first sporting event ever to be broadcast live on the popular video sharing website Youtube.[8]

Contents

History

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Inaugural season

A Chennai vs Kolkata match in progress at the M.A. Chidambaram Cricket Stadium

The tournament started on 18 April 2008 in Bangalore and lasted for 46 days with 59 matches scheduled, out of which 58 took place and 1 was washed out due to rain. Each team played every other both at home and away in a round robin system. The top four ranking sides progressed to the knockout stage of semi-finals followed by a final. Rajasthan Royals emerged as the inaugural IPL champions.

Second season

The 2009 season coincided with the general elections in India. Due to concerns regarding players' security, the venue was shifted to South Africa. The format of the tournament remained the same as the inaugural one. Deccan Chargers came out as eventual winners of the tournament.

Third season

The third season opened in January 2010 with the auction for players. 66 players were on offer but only 11 players were sold[9]. No player from Pakistan was selected[10], leading to an international political row, with Pakistan interior minister Rehman Malik suggesting that the Pakistani players had been "insulted"[11]. Indian External Affairs minister SM Krishna clarified that "The government has nothing to do with the selection of players for sporting events."[11].

Knockout Stages

In the first edition of the IPL, Rajasthan Royals were the first team to book a place in the semi-finals. They were followed by Kings XI Punjab and Delhi Daredevils. A last-match win against the Deccan Chargers won the semi-final berth for the Chennai Super Kings. Rajasthan Royals packed up the Daredevils in a timid match while the Kings XI Punjab made way for the Super Kings. It was the Royals who dominated the final with a last-ball win against the Super Kings. Both Royals and Super Kings managed to qualify for the 2008 Champions League Twenty20.

In the second season the 2008 League-toppers Rajasthan Royals and Kings XI Punjab were packed off after Royal Challengers Bangalore and Deccan Chargers qualified. Delhi Daredevils and Chennai Super Kings had enough points to qualify into the knockout stage well before the other two. In the first semi-final Gilchrist grounded the Delhi Daredevils with his blistering knock to lead his team to the finals. In the second semi-final at Johannesburg, Kumble's men played aggresively and pre-tournament favourites the Chennai Super Kings were eliminated. However, the Royal Challengers were no match for the Chargers who took home the cup. All of them excepting the Chennai Super Kings took part in the 2009 Champions League Twenty20.

Season Champions Runners-Up Semi-finalist (3rd Place) Semi-finalist (4th Place)
2008 IPL Rajasthan Royals colours.svgRajasthan Royals Chennai Super Kings colours.svg Chennai Super Kings Kings XI Punjab colours.svg Kings XI Punjab Delhi Daredevils colours.svg Delhi Daredevils
2009 IPL Deccan Chargers colours.svg Deccan Chargers Royal Challengers Bangalore colours.svg Royal Challengers Bangalore Delhi Daredevils colours.svg Delhi Daredevils Chennai Super Kings colours.svg Chennai Super Kings

Franchisees

Existing Original Eight

The winning bidders for the eight franchises were announced on 24 January 2008.[12] While the total base price for auction was US $400 million, the auction fetched US $723.59 million.[13] The official list of franchise owners announced and the winning bids were as follows.

Franchise Owner(s) Price (USD) Price (Rupees)
Mumbai Indians colours.svg Mumbai Indians
Mukesh Ambani(Reliance Industries) $ 111.9 m  Rs. 503.55 Cr 
Royal Challengers Bangalore colours.svg Royal Challengers Bangalore Vijay Mallya (UB Group) $ 111.6 m Rs. 502.20 Cr 
Deccan Chargers colours.svg Deccan Chargers
Deccan Chronicle(Venkat Ram Reddy) $ 107.0  m Rs. 481.50 Cr 
Chennai Super Kings colours.svg Chennai Super Kings India Cements (N.Srinivasan) $ 91.90 m Rs. 413.55 Cr 
Delhi Daredevils colours.svg Delhi Daredevils GMR Holdings (Grandhi Mallikarjuna Rao) $ 84.0 m Rs. 378.00 Cr 
Kings XI Punjab colours.svg Kings XI Punjab
Ness Wadia (Bombay Dyeing), Priety Zinta, Mohit Burman (Dabur) and Karan Paul (Apeejay Surendera Group) $ 76.0 m Rs. 342.00 Cr 
Kolkata Knight Riders colours.svg Kolkata Knight Riders
Red Chillies Entertainment (Shahrukh Khan, Gauri Khan, Juhi Chawla and J Mehta) $ 75.1 m Rs. 337.95 Cr 
Rajasthan Royals colours.svg Rajasthan Royals Emerging Media (Lachlan Murdoch, A.R Jha and Suresh Chellaram), Ultra tech cements,Shilpa Shetty, Raj Kundra $ 67.0 m Rs. 301.50 Cr 

In March 2010, the IPL invited bids for 2 more teams,[14] but the BCCI president and secretary canceled the process, due to a lack of bids.[15]

Player signings

The first players' auctions were held on 20 February 2008. The IPL placed icon status on a select few marquee Indian players. These players were Rahul Dravid, Saurav Ganguly, Sachin Tendulkar, Yuvraj Singh, and Virender Sehwag. VVS Laxman initially named an icon player, later voluntarily opted out of his icon status to give his team (Deccan Chargers) more money to bid for players.[16] For the second season, auctions were also held, but free signings taking place in the off-season by franchises led to calls for a draft-like system where the lowest ranked teams would be given a first opportunity to sign players.

Television rights and sponsorships

The IPL is predicted to bring the BCCI income of approximately US$1.6 billion, over a period of five to ten years. All of these revenues are directed to a central pool, 40% of which will go to IPL itself, 54% to franchisees and 6% as prize money. The money will be distributed in these proportions until 2017, after which the share of IPL will be 50%, franchisees 45% and prize money 5%. The IPL signed up Kingfisher Airlines as the official umpire partner for the series in a Rs. 106 crore (1.06 billion) deal. This deal sees the Kingfisher Airlines brand on all umpires' uniforms and also on the giant screens during third umpire decisions.[17]

Television rights

On 15 January 2008 it was announced that a consortium consisting of India's Sony Entertainment Television network and Singapore-based World Sport Group secured the global broadcasting rights of the Indian Premier League.[18] The record deal has a duration of ten years at a cost of US $1.026 billion. As part of the deal, the consortium will pay the BCCI US $918 million for the television broadcast rights and US $108 million for the promotion of the tournament.[19] This deal was challenged in the Bombay High Court by IPL, and got the ruling on its side. After losing the battle in court, Sony Entertainment Television signed a new contract with BCCI with Sony Entertainment Television paying a staggering Rs. 8700 crores (87 billion) for 10 years. One of the reasons for payment of this huge amount is seen as the money required to subsidize IPL's move to South Africa which will be substantially more than the previous IPL. IPL had agreed to subsidize the difference in operating cost between India and South Africa as it decided to move to the African nation after the security concerns raised because of its coincidence with India's general elections.

20% of these proceeds would go to IPL, 8% as prize money and 72% would be distributed to the franchisees. The money would be distributed in these proportions until 2012, after which the IPL would go public and list its shares.[20]

Sony-WSG then re-sold parts of the broadcasting rights geographically to other companies. Below is a summary of the broadcasting rights around the world.

On 4 March 2010 ITV announced it had secured the United Kingdom television rights for the 2010 Indian Premier League. ITV will televise 59 of the 60 IPL matches on its ITV4 free to air channel.[21]

Winning Bidder Regional Broadcast Rights Terms of Deal
Sony/World Sport Group
Global Rights, India 10 years at Rs 8700 crores (revised)[18]
ONE HD Free-to-air HD and SD television in Australia. Owned by Network TEN. 5 years at AUD 10-15 Million.[22]
Sky Network Television New Zealand broadcast rights Terms not released
Astro Malaysia broadcast rights on pay channel Astro Box Office Sport 2. Terms not released
Arab Digital Distribution Middle East broadcast rights on ADD's CricOne channel. Will broadcast to United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, Libya and Nigeria. 10 Years, terms not released.[23]
Willow TV Rights to distribute on television, radio, broadband and Internet, for the IPL in North America. 5 years, terms not released.[24]
DirecTV United States Exclusive broadcast rights on pay channel CricketTicket. Terms not released
SuperSport
South Africa, Central Africa and Nigeria broadcast rights Terms not released
GEO Super
Pakistan broadcast rights Terms not released
Asian Television Network
Canadian broadcast rights. Aired on Pay-per-view channel.Aired on XM Radio's ATN-Asian Radio as well. 5 years, terms not released.[25]
ITV
United Kingdom broadcast rights, broadcast on ITV4 Terms not released

Sponsorships

India's biggest property developer DLF Group paid US$50 million to be the title sponsor of the tournament for 5 years from 2008 to 2013.[26]

Revenue and Profits

The UK-based brand consultancy, Brand Finance, has valued the IPL at $4.1 billion.[27]

There are disputed figures for the profitability of the teams. One analyst said that four teams out of the eight made a profit in 2009.[28] While the London Times said that all but Kings XI Punjab made a profit.[29]

In 2010, the IPL expects to have 80 official merchandising deals. It has signed a deal with Swiss watchmaker Bandelier to make official watches for the IPL.[30]

Official IPL Mobile Applications

DCI Mobile Studios (A division of Dot Com Infoway Limited), in conjunction with Sigma Ventures of Singapore, have jointly acquired the rights to be the exclusive Mobile Application partner and rights holder for the Indian Premier League cricket matches worldwide for the next 8 years (including the 2017 season). Recently, they have released the IPL T20 Mobile applications for iPhone, Nokia Smartphones and Blackberry devices. Soon it will be made available across all other major Mobile platforms including the Android, Windows Mobile, Palm & others.[31]

Global following

In India, the IPL has become one of the most popular events of the year[32]. In the first season, games were played every night (including weekdays) during Indian prime-time and were broadcast live. The IPL was the most watched TV program in India. [33] A lot of women who used to watch soap operas, tuned in to watch the IPL instead.

Around the world, reception has been mostly positive. In Pakistan the reception was described by Pakistani cricinfo editor Osman Samiuddin as "massive", suggesting that it attracted even non-regular cricket followers and that the popularity of the Kolkata Knight Riders was great.[34] GEO Super telecasted the matches live and also included a popular show called Inside IPL. A similar positive reaction was seen in Sri Lanka, with interest in the Mumbai Indians being large due to the presence of cricket hero Sanath Jayasuriya. Cricket followers in Bangladesh also reacted positively, despite only one Bangladeshi player being involved. The Knight Riders were the most popular team. These subcontinental countries were also helped with the fact that the time-slot of the matches fitted in with prime time in these nations.

South Africa has seen massive viewership of the IPL, with a large number simply supported Mumbai Indians because of the presence of Shaun Pollock. In England, the IPL did not obviously overcome the power of Premier League, but was generally considered to be popular. The tournament is especially very popular with the Asian population.

In the West Indies, the IPL became so popular that it, according to Vaneisa Baksh, threatened to overtake test cricket completely in 'certain sections of West Indian fans'. While free-to-air coverage has not been complete and it has not ignited passions, it has remained a popular watch.

The IPL was less popular in Australia and New Zealand, mainly due to the time zone differences. Nevertheless, the IPL consistently won its free-to-air time-slot of 8:30 P.M. and 12:30 A.M. Australian Eastern Time, and 10:30 P.M. and 2:30 A.M. New Zealand Time for subscription TV. A large number of people from both these Pacific countries watch the IPL matches in pubs and bars.

Snap polls indicated that more than 48 million people watched the telecast of the IPL 2008 final between Rajasthan Royals and Chennai Super Kings), more than 40 million people saw the Rajasthan Royals vs Delhi Daredevils match, whereas the second semi-final between Chennai Super Kings and Kings XI Punjab attracted an audience of 29 million.[35]

Rules

The official rules for the tournament are here.

There are five ways that a franchise can acquire a player. In the annual auction, buying domestic players, signing uncapped players through trading and buying replacements.[36][37] In the trading window the player can only be traded with his consent. The franchise will have to pay the difference between the old contract price and the new contract price. If the new contract is worth more than the older one then the difference will be shared between the player and the franchise selling the player.[38]

Some of the Team composition rules are:

  • Minimum squad strength of 16 players plus one physio and a coach.
  • No more than 8 foreign players in the squad and at most 4 in the playing XI.For the 2009 edition franchises are allowed 10 foreign players in the squad. The number allowed in the playing XI remains unchanged at 4.
  • A minimum of 8 local players must be included in each team.
  • A minimum of 2 players from the BCCI under-22 pool in each team.

The total spending cap for a franchisee in the first player auction was US $5m. Under-22 players are to be remunerated with a minimum annual salary of US $20,000 while for others it is US $50,000.

Official website

The IPL negotiated a contract with the Canadian company Live Current Media Inc. to run and operate its portals and the minimum guarantee has been negotiated at US $50 million over the next 10 years.[39] The official website of the tournament is www.iplt20.com.

Incorporating popular forms of social media into the third season of the IPL, the website now contains a more holistic presence across all online mediums. The website apart from featuring new additions to empower user interaction, has encouraged a wider range of websites around IPL like IPL Tracker[1] and IPL Mag[2] amongst other more traditional reporting websites.

Statistics and records

Controversies

The BCCI had found itself in the middle of many conflicts with various cricket boards around the world as a result of the IPL. The main point of contention was that signed players should always be available to their country for international tours, even if it overlaps with the IPL season. To address this, the BCCI officially requested that the ICC institute a time period in the International Future Tours Program solely for the IPL season. This request was not granted at a subsequent meeting held by the ICC.[40]

Conflicts with the England and Wales Cricket Board

Because the inaugural IPL season coincided with the County Championship season as well as New Zealand's tour of England, the ECB and county cricket clubs raised their concerns to the BCCI over players. The ECB made it abundantly clear that they would not sign No Objection Certificates for players—a prerequisite for playing in the IPL. Chairmen of the county clubs also made it clear that players contracted to them were required to fulfill their commitment to their county. As a result of this, Dimitri Mascarenhas was the only English player to have signed with the IPL for the 2008 season.[41]

A result of the ECB’s concerns about players joining the IPL, was a proposed radical response of creating their own Twenty20 tournament that would be similar in structure to the IPL. The league — titled the English Premier League — would feature 21 teams in three groups of seven and would occur towards the end of the summer season.[42] The ECB enlisted the aid of Texas billionaire Allen Stanford to launch the proposed league.[43] Stanford was the brains behind the successful Stanford 20/20, a tournament that has run twice in the West Indies. On 17 February 2009, when news of the fraud investigation against Stanford became public, the ECB and WICB withdrew from talks with Stanford on sponsorship.[44][45] On February 20 the ECB announced it has severed its ties with Stanford and cancelled all contracts with him.[46]

Conflicts with Cricket Australia

The BCCI also experienced run-ins with Cricket Australia (CA) over player availability for Australia’s 2008 tour of the West Indies and CA’s desire for global protection of their sponsors. CA had feared that sponsors of the IPL (and its teams) that directly competed with their sponsors would jeopardize already existing arrangements. This issue was eventually resolved [47] and it was also agreed upon that Australian players would be fully available for the West Indies tour.

Conflicts with the Pakistan Cricket Board

Many players from the Pakistan Cricket Team who were not offered renewed central contracts (or decided to reject new contracts) decided to join the rival Indian Cricket League (ICL). Two such players—Naved-ul-Hasan and Mushtaq Ahmed also held contracts with English Counties. The PCB decided to issue No Objection Certificates for these players to play with their county teams on the basis that since they were no longer contracted to the PCB, there was no point in not granting them their NOCs. The latter did not sit well with the BCCI, as it went against the hard line stance they had taken on players who joined the ICL.[citation needed]

After the 2008 Mumbai attacks, the Pakistan government deemed it unsafe for its players to travel to India for the IPL. However, when the IPL was shifted to South Africa, the Pakistani players requested the IPL organizers and Lalit Modi to allow them to play but they refused by reasoning that the squads had already been decided and there was no room for Pakistani players.[citation needed]

Recently in the 2010 IPL auction nobody bid on any of the Pakistani cricketers, despite having expressed an interest in them therefore having them put on the auction list. Initially they said that the decision was purely based on cricket implying that the Pakistanis were not up to standard, the Pakistani team had won the 2009 T20 World Cup. There was speculation that the Pakistanis might have been denied visas, so a team would waste money by recruiting them. After questioning, the IPL board members said that the reasoning behind none of the Pakistani players being selected was simply natural and unaffected by any outside influences.

Conflicts with other Boards

Smaller boards like the WICB and NZCB have raised concerns over the impact the IPL will have on their player development and already fragile financial situation. Since players from smaller cricketing nations are not compensated as much, they have more motivation to join the IPL.[citation needed]

Media restrictions

Initially the IPL enforced strict guidelines to media covering Premier League matches, consistent with their desire to use the same model sports leagues in North America use in regards to media coverage. Notable guidelines imposed included the restriction to use images taken during the event unless purchased from cricket.com, owned by Live Current Media Inc (who won the rights to such images) and the prohibition of live coverage from the cricket grounds. Media agencies also had to agree to upload all images taken at IPL matches to the official website. This was deemed unacceptable by print media around the world. Upon the threat of boycott, the IPL eased up on several of the restrictions.[48] On 15 April 2008 a revised set of guidelines offering major concessions to the print media and agencies was issued by the IPL and accepted by the Indian Newspaper Society.[49]

Even with the amended restrictions, specialist cricket websites such as cricinfo and cricket365 continued to be banned from providing live coverage from the grounds and from purchasing match images from press agencies. As a result, on 18 April several major international agencies including Reuters and AFP announced their decision to provide no coverage of the IPL.[50]

Conflict with Cricket Club of India

As per IPL rules, the winner of the previous competition decides the venue for the finals.[51] In 2009, the reigning Champions, Deccan Chargers chose the Brabourne Stadium in Mumbai.[51] However, a dispute regarding use of the pavilion meant that no IPL matches could be held there. The members of the Cricket Club of India that owns the stadium have the sole right to the pavilion on match days, whereas the IPL required the pavilion for its sponsors.[52] The members were offered free seats in the stands, however the club rejected the offer, stating that members could not be moved out of the pavilion.[51][53][54]

References

  1. ^ Cricinfo Records - Indian Premier League - Most runs
  2. ^ Cricinfo Records - Indian Premier League - Most wickets
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  7. ^ "Former ICL players to play in IPL-III". Zee News. 2009-08-11. http://cricket.zeenews.com/fullstory.aspx?nid=22625. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  8. ^ "IPL matches to be broadcast live on Youtube". Cricinfo. January 20, 2010. http://www.cricinfo.com/ipl2010/content/story/445173.html. Retrieved 21 January 2010. 
  9. ^ IPL auction shuns Pakistan stars
  10. ^ IPL auction gives prominence to Pakistan, Australia and South Africa
  11. ^ a b Politics trumps sport as IPL row snowballs
  12. ^ The great IPL auction winners declared - News - News - Indiatimes Cricket
  13. ^ Cricinfo - Big business and Bollywood grab stakes in IPL
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  15. ^ "BCCI president, secretary cancelled bid process - Modi". Cricinfo. http://www.cricinfo.com/ipl2010/content/story/451301.html. Retrieved 11 March 2010. 
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  20. ^ IndranilBasu (2008-01-27). "Does the IPL model make sense?". The Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/msid-2734443,prtpage-1.cms. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  21. ^ "ITV to screen IPL in 2010". ITV. 2010-03-04. http://www.itv.com/sport/ipl/default.html. 
  22. ^ "Cricinfo - Australia to get live coverage of IPL". 2008-02-02. http://content-aus.cricinfo.com/ipl/content/current/story/335886.html. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  23. ^ ADD secures IPL telecast rights for Middle East and North Africa
  24. ^ IPL: Willow TV gets TV rights for the Americas: Cricket Next
  25. ^ Asian Television Network International Limited (2008-04-15). "THEY GAVE YOU NHL & NFL Now ATN Gives You IPL" (PDF). Press release. http://asiantelevision.com/pr/ATN-IPL%202008.pdf. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  26. ^ "Kushal Pal Singh". Forbes.com. 03-11-09. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2009/10/billionaires-2009-richest-people_Kushal-Pal-Singh_0UU7.html. Retrieved 9 March 2010. 
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  28. ^ IPL teams become hot commodity LiveMint article
  29. ^ Lalit Modi ambition could create problems for IPL franchises
  30. ^ IPL targets 80 licensing and merchandising deals this year
  31. ^ DCI Mobile studios and; Sigma Ventures acquire global mobile Applications rights for IPL T20
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  33. ^ Is IPL a 'serial killer'? NDTV
  34. ^ Cricinfo, "Thrills, spills, yawns"
  35. ^ About 24 Million Watched IPL Final
  36. ^ Slow trading with all eyes on auction, Brief discussion of IPL rules on acquiring players.
  37. ^ IPL lays down guidelines for replacements, Discusses IPL rules on buying replacement players players.
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  40. ^ "ICC approval for IPL, no backing for ICL". IndiaTimes Cricket/PTI. http://cricket.indiatimes.com/articleshow/2879082.cms. 
  41. ^ "Dimitri Mascarenhas signs for Indian Premier League". Mirror.co.uk. http://www.mirror.co.uk/sport/cricket/2008/03/12/dimitri-mascarenhas-signs-for-indian-premier-league-89520-20348389/. 
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  43. ^ BBC SPORT | Cricket | England | ECB set to accept big-money match
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  45. ^ "Cricket: ECB suspend talks with Stanford over fraud accusation". AFP. February 17, 2009. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gTCBAymO-w9rs6LyZqMnXcTl2hdw. 
  46. ^ England and Wales Cricket Board ends contract with Allen Stanford, Associated Press, February 20, 2009
  47. ^ "Cricket Australia under thumb". Fox Sports. 2008-02-10. http://www.foxsports.com.au/story/0,8659,23189909-23212,00.html. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
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  50. ^ "World news agencies to shun IPL due to curbs". AFP. 2008-04-18. http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5hyZhQPLagSrr820vmH0xSeykWASg. 
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  54. ^ "ATN gains Canadian broadcast rights of IPL". rsp. http://ipl2season.blogspot.com/2009/03/atn-gains-canadian-broadcast-rights-of.html. 

External links


Simple English

The Indian Premier League (also known as the "DLF Indian Premier League"), is a Twenty20 cricket competition created by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). The first season of the Indian Premier League commenced on 18 April 2008.


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