Indiana's 7th congressional district: Wikis

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Indiana's 7th congressional district
IN-7th.png
Current Representative André Carson (D)
Area 265 mi² (686 km²)
Distribution 99.7% urban, 0.3% rural
Population (2000) 675,674
Median income $36,522
Ethnicity 63.0% White, 29.4% Black, 1.3% Asian, 4.4% Hispanic, 0.2% Native American, 1.7% other
Occupation 26.2% blue collar, 57.7% white collar, 16.1% gray collar
Cook PVI D + 14

The 7th Congressional district of the state of Indiana and encompasses most of Marion County/Indianapolis, Indiana. However, prior to the 2002 redistricting the district referred to a completely different area of Indiana, covering Fountain, Parke, Tippecanoe, Montgomery, Clinton, Boone, Hendricks, Vigo, Clay, Putnam, and Owen counties and parts of Morgan and Hamilton county. The current area of the 7th District is largely the same as the now eliminated 10th District.

The seat is currently represented by Democrat André Carson.

Contents

Current Character

The district (previously Indiana's Tenth Congressional District), since 2002, includes most of Indianapolis and Marion County. It includes all of Center Township, now widely regarded as a Democratic stronghold due to its large black population and gentrified middle class.

Traditionally, the city and the district has been more competitive and much more Republican, in fact one of the most Republican metropolitan areas in the country, particularly during the years of Richard Lugar and William H. Hudnut III as mayor. However in recent decades much of the affluence of the city has begun to migrate to the edges of the city and outer Marion County, which has resulted in the Democratic lean. The northern edge of Marion county - an affluent, strongly Republican area - are not included in the district.

The south and east of the district include the more modest neighbourhoods of the city, which is home to Amtrak's largest repair yard. Since the late 1990s there has been an influx of Mexican and Hispanic workers to the district, which has further increased its Democratic leanings. Also the industrial and financial centre of Indiana, the district has been strongly influenced by the politics of the unions in the past, however their influence over the district has become increasingly marginal in recent years.

In recent presidential contests, the district itself has given comfortable margins to Bill Clinton, Al Gore, John Kerry and Barack Obama in recent years. Most recently in 2008, Barack Obama won 71% of the vote in the 7th district.

2001/2002 Redistricting

After the loss of a congressional seat in 2000 by virtue of that year's census, an ambitious redistricting plan was embarked upon, which was eventually implemented in 2002. The character of the district prior to this was solidly republican and rural, however, since 2002, the previous area of the 7th district has been divided between Indiana's 4th congressional district and Indiana's 8th congressional district.

List of representatives

The two different locations of the 7th district since 1982.
Representative Party Years District home Notes
District created March 4, 1833
Edward A. Hannegan Jacksonian March 4, 1833 - March 3, 1837
Albert S. White Whig March 4, 1837 - March 3, 1839
Vacant March 3, 1839 - August 5, 1839
Tilghman A. Howard Democratic August 5, 1839 - July 1, 1840
Vacant July 1, 1840 - August 3, 1840
Henry S. Lane Whig August 3, 1840 - March 3, 1843
Joseph A. Wright Democratic March 4, 1843 - March 3, 1845
Edward W. McGaughey Whig March 4, 1845 - March 3, 1847
Richard W. Thompson Whig March 4, 1847 - March 3, 1849
Edward W. McGaughey Whig March 4, 1849 - March 3, 1851
John G. Davis Democratic March 4, 1851 - March 3, 1855
Harvey D. Scott Opposition March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1857
John G. Davis Anti-Lecompton Democrat March 4, 1857 - March 3, 1861
Daniel W. Voorhees Democratic March 4, 1861 - February 23, 1866 Lost contested election
Henry D. Washburn Republican February 23, 1866 - March 3, 1869 Won contested election
Godlove S. Orth Republican March 4, 1869 - March 3, 1871 Redistricted from the 8th district
Mahlon D. Manson Democratic March 4, 1871 - March 3, 1873
Thomas J. Cason Republican March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875 Redistricted to the 9th district
Franklin Landers Democratic March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1877
John Hanna Republican March 4, 1877 - March 3, 1879
Gilbert De La Matyr Greenback March 4, 1879 - March 3, 1881
Stanton J. Peelle Republican March 4, 1881 - May 22, 1884 Lost contested election
William E. English Democratic May 22, 1884 - March 3, 1885 Won contested election
William D. Bynum Democratic March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1895
Charles L. Henry Republican March 4, 1895 - March 3, 1897 Redistricted to the 8th district
Jesse Overstreet Republican March 4, 1897 - March 3, 1909 Redistricted from the 5th district
Charles A. Korbly Democratic March 4, 1909 - March 3, 1915
Merrill Moores Republican March 4, 1915 - March 3, 1925
Ralph E. Updike Republican March 4, 1925 - March 3, 1929
Louis Ludlow Democratic March 4, 1929 - March 3, 1933 Redistricted to the 12th district
Gerald W. Landis Republican January 3, 1939 - January 3, 1949
James E. Noland Democratic January 3, 1949 - January 3, 1951
William G. Bray Republican January 3, 1951 - January 3, 1967 Redistricted to the 6th district
John T. Myers Republican January 3, 1967 - January 3, 1997
Edward A. Pease Republican January 3, 1997 - January 3, 2001
Brian D. Kerns Republican January 3, 2001 - January 3, 2003
Julia Carson Democratic January 3, 2003 - December 15, 2007 Redistricted from the 10th district, Died
Vacant December 15, 2007 - March 11, 2008
André Carson Democratic March 11, 2008 - Present Incumbent

References

See also

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