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Indira Gandhi International Airport
इन्दिरा गाँधी अंतर्राष्ट्रीय हवाई अड्डा
Indira Gandhi International Airport Logo.svg
Delhi Airport Terminal 1D.jpg
Airport type Public
Owner Airports Authority of India
Operator Delhi International Airport Limited (DIAL)
Serves Delhi
Location New Delhi, India
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 777 ft / 237 m
Coordinates 28°33′59″N 077°06′11″E / 28.56639°N 77.10306°E / 28.56639; 77.10306
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 3,810 12,500 Asphalt
09/27 2,813 9,229 Asphalt
11/29 4,430 14,534 Asphalt
Statistics (2007)
Aircraft Movements
Passengers 23,970,000 [1]
Capacity 12 million

Indira Gandhi International Airport (Hindi: इन्दिरा गाँधी अंतर्राष्ट्रीय हवाई अड्डा) (IATA: DELICAO: VIDP) is an airport located in West Delhi[2], India. Named after former Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, it is the busiest airport in South Asia by traffic movements.[3] The airport serves as the primary civilian aviation hub for the National Capital Region of India. The airport was previously operated by the Indian Air Force until its management was transferred to the Airport Authority of India.[4] In May 2006, the management of the airport was passed over to Delhi International Airport Limited (DIAL), a joint venture led by the GMR Group, which also has the responsibility for the airport's ongoing expansion and modernisation.[5]

In 2007, the airport handled 23 million passengers annually and the planned expansion program will increase its capacity to handle 100 million passengers by 2030.[6] The new Terminal 3 building, currently under construction and expected to cost US$2.6 billion, will have capacity to handle an additional 33 million passengers annually by the start of the 2010 Commonwealth Games. And on completion will become the third largest terminal in the world, after Dubai International Airport's Terminal 3 and Beijing International Airport's Terminal 3.[7] In September 2008, the airport inaugurated a 4.43 kilometre-long runway.



The airport, earlier known as Palam Airport, was built around the second world war and served as an Air Force Station for the Indian Air Force. Passenger operations were later shifted to the airport from Safdarjung Airport in 1962 due to an increase in traffic. Palam Airport had a peak capacity of around 1300 passengers per hour [8].

Owing to an increase in air traffic in the 70s, an additional terminal with nearly four times the area of the old Palam terminal was constructed. With the inauguration of a new international terminal (Terminal 2), on 2 May 1986, the airport was renamed as Indira Gandhi International (IGI) Airport. The trapezoidal international terminal has nine jet bridges.


The old Palam terminal is now known as Terminal 1 and handles all domestic flights. The terminal is divided into three separate terminals - 1A (for domestic flights of state owned Indian Airlines, MDLR and Go Air), 1B (was used by other domestic airlines, now closed), the Domestic Arrival Terminal (1C) and the newly-constructed 1D (now used by all remaining domestic airlines). There is also a separate Technical Area for VVIP passengers. Additionally there is a separate terminal for Hajj flights.

The under-construction Terminal 3 will have an annual capacity of 34 million passengers and is expected to be completed before the 2010 Commonwealth Games.[9]

Owing to the booming Indian Aviation industry and the entry of numerous low-cost private carriers, the airport saw a huge jump in passenger traffic and has failed to cope with the demand. The capacity of Terminal 1 is estimated to be 7.15 million passengers per annum (mppa). However, the actual throughput for 2005/06 was an estimated 10.4 million passengers. Including the international terminal (Terminal 2), the airport has a total capacity of 12.5 mppa whereas the total passenger traffic in 2006/07 was 16.5 million passengers per annum[10] In 2008, total passenger count at the airport reached 23.97 million.

Delhi Airport has two parallel runways and a non-parallel runway: Runway 11/29(14,534 ft (4430m))with CAT IIIB ILS on both side and the main runway 10/28 (12,500 ft (3,810 m)) and an auxiliary runway 09/27 (9,229 ft (2,813 m)). Runway 28 and Runway29/11 are two of the few runways in Asia and the only two in South Asia to have been equipped with the CAT III-B instrument landing system. In the winter of 2005 there were a record number of disruptions at Delhi airport due to fog/smog. Since then some domestic airlines have trained their pilots to operate under CAT-II conditions of a minimum 350 m (1,150 ft) visibility. On 31 March 2006, IGI became the first Indian airport to operate two runways simultaneously following a test run involving a SpiceJet plane landing and a Jet Airways plane taking off at the same time.

In September 2008, the airport inaugurated a 4.43 kilometre long runway, making it one of the longest operational runways in Asia. The runway will increase the airport's capacity to handle 70 flights from the present 34-40 flights per hour.[11] As of September 2008, the new runway was undergoing trials.[12]


IGI Airport is the home of several Indian airlines including Indian Airlines, SpiceJet, Air India Regional and IndiGo Airlines. Air India and Jet Airways use IGI Airport as their second hub after Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai. The airport is also a major base for various other Indian air carriers including Kingfisher Airlines, GoAir,and JetLite. Approximately 60 airlines serve this airport. There are Six operational terminals making up this airport, they are the following:

Terminal 1 - Domestic

Newly-constructed Terminal 1D
Kingfisher Airlines check-in area in Terminal 1-D
Terminal 1A

Terminal 1A caters to all domestic flights operated by GoAir, MDLR, Indian Airlines and Air India Regional. This terminal was built in the early 90's to cater to Indian Airlines domestic flights only. It had to be refurbished after a fire gutted the interiors. DIAL, the owner of the airport, has significantly upgraded this terminal. It now sports a new look with modern washrooms and facilities, however will be torn down on the completion of newer terminals which are expected to finish construction in the coming years.

Terminal 1B

Terminal 1B has been closed for operations after the opening up of Terminal 1D which opened in April 2009.

Terminal 1C

The terminal in which all domestic operations (airlines from terminals 1A and 1D) arrive. The terminal is compact, however has received a new greeting area with expanded space, and a bigger luggage reclaim area.

Terminal 1D

Terminal 1D is the brand new interim domestic terminal, that was inaugurated on 26 February 2009. All domestic flights were moved to this new building from the second week of April, 2009. It is almost double the size of the current Terminal 1B. Once the new Terminal 3 is constructed in 2010, this terminal will be made solely to cater to the low cost carriers as the full fare airlines will also move to Terminal 3, along with the international flights. Terminal 1D has the capacity to handle 10 million customers per year.

Terminal 1D commenced operations on 15 April 2009. It is currently is used by IndiGo, Jet Airways, JetLite, Kingfisher Airline, Kingfisher Red and SpiceJet.

On 22 August 2009, a major storm with winds up to 90 kilometres/hr and 35mm of rain caused a part of the terminal's roof to blow off. [13]

Terminal 2 - International

This terminal handles all international operations at the airport. However, constructed in the 80's, it is also in desperate need of repair, and it is half its size to cater to all its passengers. This sign of distress has already been taken care of. The entire terminal has been upgraded. It has been repainted,glass windows have replaced the old dark ones, floors have been refitted with tiles, walls and ceilings now have new surfaces, more immigration and emigration counters have been implemented, new seats have been brought in, new baggage belts, more business lounges, eateries, and duty free shops have also been added. Once all airlines move to the new Terminal 3 upon its completion in 2010 Terminal 2 will work in tandem with T3, until the proposed T4 terminal is built, upon which it will be demolished as per the proposed master plan [14].

Terminal 3

External videos
Terminal 3 promotional video
A model of the arrivals area of Terminal 3
An aerial view of the under construction Terminal T3 at IGI Airport - It will become the 3rd largest terminal in the world when in opens after completion in a record time of 37 months

The state-of-the-art integrated terminal, called T3, of Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA) in New Delhi is poised to be the world’s third-largest, after Dubai in the United Arab Emirates and Beijing in China, in terms of size. Once T3 starts operations before the 2010 Commonwealth Games in October, IGIA will become the world’s sixth-largest in terms of capacity. T3 would increase the capacity of IGIA to 60 million passengers annually, from 23 million after it starts commercial operation in July 2010.

Designed by HOK working in consultation with Mott MacDonald, the new Terminal 3 will be a two-tier building, with the bottom floor being the arrivals area, and the top being a departures area. This terminal will have 168 check-in counters, 74 aerobridges, 30 parking bays, 72 immigration counters, 15 X-ray screening areas, for less waiting times, duty-free shops, and other features.[15][16] Over 90% of passengers will use this terminal when completed. This new terminal is planned to be completed in time for the 2010 Commonwealth Games, which are to be held in Delhi, and will be connected to Delhi by an eight-lane motorway (National Highway 8), and the Delhi Mass Rapid Transit System. Terminal 3 will cater to more than 35 million passengers a year.

Terminal 3 will form the first phase of the airport expansion in which a 'U' shaped building will be developed in a modular manner. In 2010, all international and full service domestic carriers will operate from Terminal 3, while Terminal 1 will be dedicated to low cost operations. In subsequent stages, the low cost carriers will also move to the new terminal complex.

Terminal 4 and 5

Terminal 4 and 5 will be built at a later stage, and once completed, all international flights will move to these two new terminals, while Terminal 3 will then solely be used for handling domestic air traffic. A new cargo handling building is also planned. According to Delhi International Airport Limited (DIAL), these new terminals will cost approximately US$7.5 billion dollars and will increase the airport's annual passenger volume capacity to 100 million.[16]

Hajj Terminal

Upon the annual Muslim pilgrimage of Hajj, all airlines bound for the Middle East move to this separate terminal to prevent disruption of other passengers who are traveling to other areas of the globe. A separate area has been made for Hajj to cater to the abundance of additional travelers during this season, and to accommodate them with enough provided space. It has a 10 million passengers per year capacity. It is used from October to December. Plans are underway to use the building for the remaining 10 months of the year also.

Cargo Terminal

The Cargo Terminal handles all cargo operations. The airport received an award in 2007 for its excellent and organised cargo handling system.

Airlines and destinations

Terminal 1D
Terminal 1D
Plaza lounge, Terminal 1D
Terminal 2 lounge
Terminal 2 waiting lounge
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
Aerosvit Airlines Kiev-Boryspil [resumes 19 April] 2
Air Arabia Sharjah 2
Air Astana Almaty 2
Air China Beijing-Capital 2
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2
Air India Dammam, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Jeddah, London-Heathrow, Mumbai, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Riyadh, Shanghai-Pudong, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Washington-Dulles 2
Air-India Express Abu Dhabi, Amritsar, Bahrain, Doha, Dubai, Jaipur, Lucknow, Mumbai, Muscat 2
Air India Regional Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Calicut, Chennai, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Kanpur, Kulu, Pathankot, Surat, Udaipur, Vadodara, Visakhapatnam 1
Air Mauritius Mauritius 2
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur [begins 4 August][17] 2
American Airlines Chicago-O'Hare 2
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul 2
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon 2
Austrian Airlines Vienna 2
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka 2
British Airways London-Heathrow 2
Cathay Pacific Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Hong Kong 2
China Airlines Rome-Fiumicino, Taipei-Taoyuan 2
China Eastern Airlines Beijing-Capital, Shanghai-Pudong 2
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou 2
Continental Airlines Newark 2
Druk Air Paro 2
Emirates Dubai 2
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Beijing-Capital 2
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 2
Finnair Helsinki 2
GMG Airlines Dhaka, Dubai 2
GoAir Bagdogra, Bangalore, Cochin, Goa, Guwahati, Indore, Jammu, Mumbai, Srinagar 1
Gulf Air Bahrain 2
Indian Airlines Aurangabad, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Calicut, Chandigarh, Chennai, Cochin, Coimbatore, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Imphal, Indore, Jaipur, Jammu, Jodhpur, Khajuraho, Kolkata, Leh, Lucknow, Mumbai, Nagpur, Patna, Pune, Raipur, Ranchi, Srinagar, Tirupati, Trivandrum, Udaipur, Varanasi 1
Indian Airlines Amritsar, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Dubai, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kabul, Kathmandu, Kolkata, Lucknow, Muscat, Singapore 2
IndiGo Agartala, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Cochin, Dibrugarh, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Imphal, Jammu [begins 18 March], Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai, Nagpur, Patna, Pune, Srinagar [begins 18 March], Vadodara 1
Jagson Airlines Chandigarh, Dharamsala, Kulu, Pantnagar, Shimla 1
JALways operated by Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita 2
Jet Airways Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Chennai, Cochin, Dehradun [begins 28 March], Guwahati, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Khajuraho, Kolkata, Leh, Mumbai, Patna, Pune, Raipur, Srinagar, Trivandrum, Udaipur, Vadodara, Varanasi 1
Jet Airways Abu Dhabi, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Dhaka, Doha, Dubai, Hong Kong, Kathmandu, London-Heathrow, Singapore, Toronto-Pearson 2
JetLite Ahmedabad, Aurangabad, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Cochin, Coimbatore, Dibrugarh, Goa, Gorakhpur, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jammu, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai, Port Blair, Pune, Srinagar, Visakhapatnam 1
JetLite Kathmandu 2
Kam Air Kabul 2
Kingfisher Airlines Agra, Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Chennai, Cochin, Dehradun, Dharamsala, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Imphal, Indore, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Jammu, Jodhpur, Khajuraho, Kolkata, Kulu, Leh, Lucknow, Ludhiana, Mumbai, Pathankot, Patna, Pune, Raipur, Ranchi, Simla, Srinagar, Trivandrum, Udaipur, Varanasi 1
Kingfisher Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi [begins 17 April], Dubai [begins 24 April], Hong Kong [begins 7 April], Kathmandu [begins 24 April], London-Heathrow [begins 28 March][18] 2
KLM Amsterdam 2
Kuwait Airways Kuwait 2
Kyrgyzstan Airlines Bishkek 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 2
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur 2
MDLR Airlines Chandigarh, Jamshedpur, Goa, Kulu, Lucknow, Ranchi 1
Nepal Airlines Kathmandu 2
Oman Air Muscat 2
Pakistan International Airlines Karachi, Lahore 2
Pamir Airways Kabul 2
Paramount Airways Chennai 1
Qatar Airways Doha 2
Royal Jordanian Amman 2
Saudi Arabian Airlines Dammam, Riyadh 2
Singapore Airlines Singapore 2
SpiceJet Ahmedabad, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Chennai, Cochin, Coimbatore, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jammu, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pune, Srinagar, Varanasi, Visakhapatnam 1
Sri Lankan Airlines Colombo 2
Swiss International Airlines Zürich 2
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 2
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat 2
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent 2
Virgin Atlantic Airways London-Heathrow 2

Cargo services

Airlines Destinations
Air India Cargo Mumbai
Aerologic Leipzig/Halle
Atlant-Soyuz Airlines Chartered destinations
British Airways World Cargo London
Blue Dart Aviation Chennai, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Kolkatta, Hyderabad, Patna, Guwhatai, Bangalore
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Crescent Air Cargo Chartered destinations
Deccan 360 Dubai, Hong Kong
DHL Express Worldwide
EVA Air Cargo Taipei
FedEx Express Worldwide
Flyington Freighters Chartered destinations
Jade Cargo Amsterdam, Dubai, Shenzhen
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Munich, Leipzig/Halle, Hong Kong, Guangzhou, Shanghai-Pudong
Singapore Airlines Cargo Singapore

Ground transportation

Indian Airlines executive lounge in domestic departure terminal 1A

Connected from Delhi by the Delhi Gurgaon Expressway. Low floor buses regularly run between the airport and the city. Delhi Metro link to be completed by 2010. DTC operates several buses to the airport.

The Delhi Metro is currently constructing an "Airport Express" metro line connecting the airport to New Delhi, which is planned to be completed by 2010.

Prepaid taxis are also available from the terminal to all areas of Delhi.

Fixed base operators (FBO)



Ground handlers

  • GlobeGround India
  • Airworks India
  • Cambata Aviation
  • Livewel Aviation Services Pvt Ltd.
  • Concord Aviation Pvt Ltd.

Incidents and accidents

  • 14 June 1974, Japan Airlines Flight 471 crashed outside of Palam Airport, killing 82 of 87 occupants; ten of eleven crew members and 72 of 76 passengers died, as did three people on the ground.[20]
  • On 7 May 1990, an Air India Boeing 747 flying on the London-Delhi-Bombay route and carrying 215 people (195 passengers and 20 crew) touched down at Indira Gandhi International Airport after a flight from London's Heathrow Airport. On application of reverse thrust, a failure of the no. 1 engine pylon to wing attachment caused this engine to tilt nose down. Hot exhaustion gasses caused a fire on the left wing. There were no fatalities but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair and written off[21].


External links

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