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There are estimated to be 10,000 Indonesians in the
Philippines, largely in the Muslim-dominated region of Mindanao.
Migration and settlement
Some Indonesians came to Mindanao as early as the 1970s,
settling down and married local women.
However, the largest influx, consisting of fishermen and petty
traders, began settling illegally in the early 1980s.
They continue to maintain consciousness of their separate ethnic
identity, as well as material links with Indonesia.
Illegal entry and settlement is easy due to the Philippines' long
coastline and insufficient personnel in the Border Crossing Office.
More recently, many of the fishermen in fact have landing permits
which allow them to move freely around the area where their boats
residency, and deportation
As early as 1999, the Philippine government had been attempting
to get Indonesians to register with the authorities, holding out
the possibility that they might be granted citizenship as an
However, a survey the next year, which counted 7,200 Indonesians
living illegally in the area, found that few wanted to be
naturalized in the Philippines, though they hoped to obtain
permanent residency in order to regularize their living situation,
while 30-35% hoped to be repatriated to Indonesia. That survey
found the largest community of Indonesians in Sarangani province, with others in South Cotabato,
del Norte, Davao Oriental, and North Cotabato. At that time, they planned
to deport 1,738 of them.
In 2002, the Philippine government, alarmed by the number of
Indonesian nationals implicated in recent Jemaah
Islamiyah bombings in the Philippines, drew up a plan to deport
a further 12,000 Indonesians from Mindanao; however, the
implementation of the plan stalled due to disagreements between the
Philippine and Indonesian governments over who would pay for
Indonesians in the Philippines are often stereotyped as terrorists
as a result.
In 2003 and again in 2005, the Philippine government initiated
another survey and registration drive; that one registered 2,448
Philippine-born Indonesians, including 247 in General Santos, 371
in Glan-Sarangani, 265 in Davao del Sur, 108 in Davao City, 339 in
Kiamba, Tupi and Malapatan, another 253 in Sarangani Island, 341 in
Isulan, Sultan Kudarat and Kidapawan, and an additional 154 in
Sarangani and Davao del Sur. The
Indonesian government is also attempting to convince them to
register with the local Indonesian consulate and with the
Philippine government, and offered to pay their registration fees
for identity documents.
- ^ a
Victoria A.; Makil, Lorna P. (2007), Exploring transnational
communities in the Philippines, Philippine Social Science
Council, pp. 18–19, ISBN
- ^ a
Ramirez, Jun (3
August 2000), "1,738 Indons to be
repatriated", Manila Bulletin,
- ^ a
"Manila to send back 12,000
Indonesians", Gulfnews, 22 September 2002, http://archive.gulfnews.com/articles/02/09/22/63741.html, retrieved
Edith; Mendez, Christina (11 April 2003), "300 JI members operating in
RP", The Philippine Star, http://www.intellnet.org/news/2003/04/10/19511-1.htm
Canuday, Jowel F.
(11 July 1999), "RP citizenship proposed for Indons",
Philippine Daily Inquirer
"Jangan Labelkan Kami
Teroris", Kompas (Indonesia), 21 July 2003, http://www2.kompas.com/kompas-cetak/0307/21/sorotan/439481.htm, retrieved
"Native-born Indonesians in
Mindanao Registered", Official Government Portal of the
Republic of the Philippines, 11 May 2005, http://www.gov.ph/news/printerfriendly.asp?i=9576, retrieved
Gerundio, Aurea A.
(27 January 2005), "Most Indonesians in Mindanao
are illegal residents", Davao Sun-Star, http://www.sunstar.com.ph/static/dav/2005/01/27/news/most.indonesians.in.mindanao.are.illegal.residents.html, retrieved
- Tan-Cullamar, Evelyn (1991), "The
Indonesian diaspora in Southern Philippines", Proceedings of
the Conference of International Association of Historians of
Asia, 12, OCLC 320232176
- Masalah warga negara Indonesia di
Mindanao, Pilipina Selatan/The problem of Indonesian citizens in
Mindanao, southern Philippines, Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal
Bina Bantuan Sosial, Departemen Sosial, OCLC 80856283