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Portuguese royalty
House of Aviz-Beja
Flag Manuel I of Portugal.svg

Manuel I
Children include
   Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal and of Asturias
   John III
   Isabella, Holy Roman Empress
   Beatrice, Duchess of Savoy
   Louis, Duke of Beja
   Ferdinand, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso
   Cardinal-Infante Afonso
   Henry
   Edward, Duke of Guimarães
   Maria, Lady of Viseu
Grandchildren include
   Anthony (illegitimate)
   Maria, Duchess of Parma and Piacenza
   Catherine, Duchess of Braganza
Great-Great-Grandchildren include
   John IV
John III
Children include
   Maria Manuela, Princess of Portugal and of Asturias
   John Manuel, Prince of Portugal
Grandchildren include
   Sebastian
Sebastian
Henry
Anthony

Infanta Catherine of Guimarães, Duchess of Braganza by mariage (Portuguese: Catarina; Portuguese pronunciation: [kɐtɐˈɾinɐ]; 1540 - 1614), was a Portuguese infanta (princess) claimant to the throne following the death of King Henry of Portugal in 1580.

She was the second daughter of Infante Edward, 4th Duke of Guimarães (sixth son of Manuel I of Portugal) and Isabella of Braganza, she was married to John, 6th Duke of Braganza, a descendant of earlier Portuguese monarchs, and head of the most important aristocratic House in Portugal. The duchess had several children, of whom Teodósio of Braganza, was her eldest surviving son.

Catarina of Portugal was the younger daughter of Duarte, Duke of Guimarães, king Henry's youngest brother, and his wife Isabel of Braganza. When King Henry died (1580), Duarte's issue were the only surviving legitimate heirs of any of the sons of King Manuel I of Portugal. As the male line is preferred in Portuguese succession before the female one, descendants of Manuel I's daughters (such as king Philip II of Spain) had, in principle, only a weaker claim to the throne than Edward's descendants, to whom Catherine belonged.

Following this principle, the first in line to the throne would have been Catherine's nephew Ranuccio I Farnese of Parma, as that 11-year old Italian boy was the heir of her elder sister Maria of Guimarães. Catherine is said to have been ambitious and participated in intrigues.

Her cousin, King Philip II of Spain, used his descent as son of Infanta Isabella, eldest daughter of king Manuel I. Her other cousin Anthony, Prior of Crato was a male, though illegitimate. Anthony had already in 1578 claimed the throne.

Catherine had married the Duke of Braganza, John, who himself as a grandson of the late James, Duke of Braganza, was a legitimate heir of Portugal. The Duchess' son, Teodósio of Braganza, would have been their royal heir and successor to the throne.

The duchess's claim was relatively strong, as it was reinforced by her husband's position as one of the legitimate heirs; thus they would both be entitled to hold the kingship. Her claim was also strengthened by the fact that she was living in Portugal, and was a mature woman of forty. However, Portugal had not yet had a generally recognized queen regnant, but only males on the throne. Moreover, she was a younger daughter, thus there was a genealogically senior claimant, her nephew Ranuccio.

She failed in the struggle: the strongest claimant was her cousin Philip II of Spain who wanted to unite Portugal in a personal union with the other Spanish kingdoms under himself. The nationalist party, those who desired Portugal to remain independent, supported her illegitimate cousin Anthony of Crato, not Catherine. Anthony lost the final competition to Philip in the Battle of Alcântara in 1580.

In a couple of years, she lost her husband John of Braganza (1543-1583). She lived on as a widowed lady under the rule of her Castilian cousin.

In 1640, Catherine's grandson and direct heir, the then Duke of Braganza, became King John IV of Portugal. The Duchess was then retrospectively acknowledged as the legitimate heir, as result of her descendants obtaining the throne, although in her own lifetime she was only one of several possible heirs. By the unanimous voice of the people John was raised to the throne of Portugal during the revolution effected on December 1, 1640 against the Spanish king, Philip IV.

Offspring

Catherine and her husband had the following children:

    • Mary of Braganza (1565-?)
    • Seraphina of Braganza (1566-1604)
    • Teodosio of Braganza (1568-1630), succeeded his father as Duke of Braganza; father of King John IV of Portugal.
    • Edward of Braganza
    • Alexander of Braganza, Archbishop of Évora
    • Cherubina of Braganza(1572-1580)
    • Angelica of Braganza(1573-1576)
    • Mary of Braganza (1573)
    • Isabella of Braganza (1578-1582)
    • Philip of Braganza (1581-1608)
Infanta Catherine, Duchess of Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of Aviz
Born: 1540 Died: 1614
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Henry
— TITULAR —
Queen of Portugal and the Algarves
Beja claimant

1580 – 1614
Reason for succession failure:
Habsburg conquest of Portugal
Succeeded by
Teodósio
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Portuguese royalty
House of Aviz-Beja

Manuel I
Children include
   Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal and of Asturias
   João, Prince of Portugal (future John III)
   Isabella, Holy Roman Empress
   Infanta Beatriz, Duchess of Savoy
   Infante Luís, Duke of Beja
   Infante Fernando, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso
   Cardinal-Infante Afonso
   Henry I
   Infante Duarte, Duke of Guimarães
   Infanta Maria, Lady of Viseu
Grandchildren include
   Philip II of Spain and I of Portugal)
   Anthony I (illegitimate)
   Infanta Maria of Guimarães, Duchess of Parma and Piacenza
   Infanta Catarina of Guimarães, Duchess of Braganza
Great-Grandchildren include
   Teodósio II, Duke of Braganza
   Ranuccio I Farnese of Parma
Great-Great-Grandchildren include
   John II, Duke of Braganza (future John IV)
John III
Children include
   Maria Manuela, Princess of Portugal and of Asturias
   João Manuel, Prince of Portugal
Grandchildren include
   Sebastião, Prince of Portugal (future Sebastian I)
   Carlos, Prince of Asturias
Sebastian
Henry
Anthony

Infanta Catarina of Guimarães, Duchess of Braganza by mariage (Portuguese pronunciation: [kɐtɐˈɾinɐ]; English: Catherine) (1540 - 1614), was a Portuguese infanta (princess) claimant to the throne following the death of King Henry I of Portugal in 1580.

She was the second daughter of Infante Duarte, Duke of Guimarães (sixth son of Manuel I of Portugal) and Isabel of Braganza, she was married to Duke John I of Braganza, a descendant of earlier Portuguese monarchs, and head of the most important aristocratic House in Portugal. The duchess had several children, of whom Teodósio de Braganza, was her eldest surviving son.

Catarina of Portugal was the younger daughter of Duarte, Duke of Guimarães, king Henry's youngest brother, and his wife Isabel of Braganza. When King Henry died (1580), Duarte's issue were the only surviving legitimate heirs of any of the sons of King Manuel I of Portugal. As the male line is preferred in Portuguese succession before the female one, descendants of Manuel I's daughters (such as king Philip II of Spain) had, in principle, only a weaker claim to the throne than Duarte's descendants, to whom Catherine belonged.

Following this principle, the first in line to the throne would have been Catherine's nephew Ranuccio I Farnese of Parma, as that 11-year old Italian boy was the heir of her elder sister Maria of Guimarães. Catherine is said to have been ambitious and participated in intrigues.

Her cousin Philip II of Spain used his descent as son of Infanta Isabella, eldest daughter of king Manuel I. And, her other cousin António, Prior of Crato was a male, though illegitimate. António had already in 1578 claimed the throne.

Catherine had married the Duke of Braganza, John, who himself as a grandson of the late Duke Jaime, Duke of Braganza was a legitimate heir of Portugal. The Duchess' son, D. Teodósio de Braganza, would have been their royal heir and successor to the throne.

The duchess's claim was relatively strong, as it was reinforced by her husband's position as one of the legitimate heirs; thus they would both be entitled to hold the kingship. Her claim was also strengthened by the fact that she was living in Portugal, and was a mature woman of forty. However, Portugal had not yet had a generally recognized queen regnant, but only males on the throne. Moreover, she was a younger daughter, thus there was a genealogically senior claimant, her nephew Ranuccio.

She failed in the struggle: the strongest claimant was her cousin Philip II of Spain who wanted to unite Portugal in a personal union with the other Spanish kingdoms under himself. The nationalist party, those who desired Portugal to remain independent, supported her illegitimate cousin António of Crato, not Catherine. António lost the final competition to Philip in the Battle of Alcântara in 1580.

In a couple of years, she lost her husband João of Braganza (1543-1583). She lived on as a widowed lady under the rule of her Castilian cousin.

In 1640, Catherine's grandson and direct heir, the then Duke of Braganza, became King John IV of Portugal. The Duchess was then retrospectively acknowledged as the legitimate heir, as result of her descendants obtaining the throne, although in her own lifetime she was only one of several possible heirs. By the unanimous voice of the people John was raised to the throne of Portugal during the revolution effected on December 1, 1640 against the Spanish king, Philip IV.

Offspring

Catherine and her husband had the following children:

    • Mary of Braganza (1565-?)
    • Seraphina of Braganza (1566-1604)
    • Theodosious of Braganza (1568-1630), succeeded his father as Duke of Braganza; father of King John IV of Portugal.
    • Edward of Braganza
    • Alexander of Braganza, Archbishop of Évora
    • Cherubina of Braganza(1572-1580)
    • Angelica of Braganza(1573-1576)
    • Mary of Braganza (1573)
    • Isabella of Braganza (1578-1582)
    • Philip of Braganza (1581-1608)

Template:Start |-

| colspan="3" style="background: #FFD700; text-align:center;" |
Infanta Catarina, Duchess of Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of Aviz
Born: 1540 Died: 1614

|- ! colspan="3" style="background: #79DBFF;" | Titles in pretence

|- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Henry |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="{{{rows}}}"|— TITULAR —
King of Portugal and the Algarves
Beja claimant

1580 – 1614
Reason for succession failure:
Habsburg conquest of Portugal
|width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Teodósio |- |}



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