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Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain (1833-1902): Wikis

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Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain
Infanta of Portugal and Spain
Spouse Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain
Issue
Francisco, duke of Marchena
Pedro d'Alcantara, duke of Dúrcal
Luíz, duke of Ansola
Alfonso
Gabriel
House House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon-Braganza
Father Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain
Mother Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Born 12 June 1833(1833-06-12)
Madrid, Spain
Died 19 January 1902 (aged 68)
Madrid, Spain
Burial San Lorenzo de El Escorial
Spanish House of Bourbon
1700-1833
Escudo de Carlos III de España Toisón y su Orden variante leones de gules.svg

Philip V
Children
   Louis I
   Ferdinand VI
   Charles III
   Mariana Victoria, Queen of Portugal
   Philip, Duke of Parma
   Teresa, Dauphine of France
   Infante Louis
   Antonia, Queen of Sardinia
Louis I
Ferdinand VI
Charles III
Children
   Infanta Maria Josepha
   Maria Luisa, Holy Roman Empress
   Felipe, Duke of Calabria
   Charles IV
   Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
   Infante Gabriel
   Infante Antonio
Grandchild of cadet line
   Infante Pedro Carlos
Charles IV
Children
   Charlotte, Queen of Portugal
   Infanta Maria Amelia
   Maria Luisa, Queen of Etruria, Duchess of Parma
   Ferdinand VII
   Carlos, Count of Molina
   Maria Isabella, Queen of the Two Sicilies
   Infante Francisco de Paula
Grandchildren of cadet lines
   Carlos, Count of Montemolin
   Juan, Count of Montizón
   Infante Fernando
   Francis, Duke of Cadiz, King Consort of Spain
   Henry, Duke of Sevilla
   Maria Cristina, Infanta of Portugal and Spain
   Amelia, Princess of Bavaria
Ferdinand VII
Children
   Isabella II
   Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier
Edit

Maria Cristina, Infanta of Portugal and Spain (5 June 1833 - 19 January 1902) was a daughter of Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain and his wife Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. She became an Infanta of Portugal by her marriage to Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain.

Contents

Family

Maria Cristina was one of eleven children born to Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain and Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies in Madrid. Her father was in turn a younger son of Charles IV of Spain. Her mother was a daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies.

Maria Cristina was a sister of Francis, Duke of Cádiz, the king-consort of Isabella II of Spain, and Amelia Philippina, Princess of Bavaria.

Marriage and children

Maria Cristina's husband Sebastian of Portugal and Spain

On November 19, 1860, Maria Cristina became the second wife of the much older Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain, who was a paternal great grandson of Charles III of Spain and a maternal grandson of John VI of Portugal. Sebastian and his immediate family had been in conflict with the Queen Regent Maria Cristina, losing all of his titles and claims to the Spanish throne in 1837. He was restored to his Spanish titles upon his second marriage to Maria Cristina, who was both a cousin and a sister-in-law of Queen Isabella.

The nuptials took place in the Royal Palace of Madrid. In the spirit of reconciliation, the celebration was attended by Isabella II of Spain and her husband, among other members of the Spanish royal family. They had five children:

  • Francisco, duke of Marchena (Madrid, 1861 - Neuilly-sur-Seine, 1923). He married Maria del Pilar de Muguiro y Beruete, duchess of Villafranca.
  • Pedro d'Alcantara, duke of Dúrcal (Madrid,1862 - París, 1892). He married Maria de la Caridad de Madan i Uriondo.
  • Luíz, duke of Ansola (Madrid, 1864 - Algier, 1889). He married Maria Anna Bernaldo de Quiros, marquise of Atarfe.
  • Alfonso (Madrid, 1866 - Madrid, 1934).
  • Gabriel (Pau, 1869 - Madrid, 1889).

Later life

After the overthrow of the monarchy in 1868, Maria Cristina and her family had to leave Spain and take refuge in France. Sebastian died there in 1875. Maria Cristina later returned to Spain, and was able to live calmly until her 1902 death in Madrid. She is buried at the San Lorenzo de El Escorial.

Ancestry

Maria Cristina's ancestors in three generations

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Philip V of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Charles III of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Elisabeth of Parma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Charles IV of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Augustus III of Poland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Maria Amalia of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Maria Josepha of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Philip V of Spain (= 16)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Philip, Duke of Parma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Elisabeth of Parma (= 17)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Maria Luisa of Parma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Louis XV of France
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Maria Leszczyńska
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Maria Cristina of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Charles III of Spain (= 8)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Maria Amalia of Saxony (= 9)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Francis I of the Two Sicilies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Marie Caroline of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Maria Theresa of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Charles III of Spain (= 8)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Charles IV of Spain (= 4)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Maria Amalia of Saxony (= 9)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Maria Isabella of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Philip, Duke of Parma (= 10)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Maria Luisa of Parma (= 5)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France (= 11)
 
 
 
 
 
 
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