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Infante Antonio Pascual, painted by Mengs.
Infante Antonio Pascual, painted by Goya.

Antonio Pascual de Borbón y Wettin (Caserta, December 31, 1755 - El Escorial, April 20, 1817), was an infante of Spain, son of King Charles III of Spain and younger brother of King Charles IV of Spain and Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies.

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Biography

Born Antonio Pascual Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno Aniello Raimundo Silvestre de Borbón y Sajonia, this good-hearted infante was one of the most intelligent and hard-working sons of King Charles III, together with Infante Gabriel of Spain. He was a humanist devoted to arts. He bore a striking resemblance to his elder brother Charles IV. At the death of his uncle Ferdinand VI of Spain, who he never met, his parents, older brother, two sisters Maria Luisa, Maria Josefa and Gabriel departed for Spain where his father ruled as Charles III. His mother died in 1760; his parents were devoted to each other.

Aged 40, he married on August 25, 1795, María Amalia of Spain, 16-year-old daughter of his brother Charles IV. She died 3 years later without leaving any children.

He supported his nephew Prince Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias, and profoundly disliked Manuel Godoy.

He headed the Junta Suprema de Gobierno, in the absence of his brother and nephew, when they tried to humor Napoleon in Bayonne.

During the Peninsular War he lived with the rest of the Royal Family under home arrest in Valençay. After the war he served in several high functions. He was a fervent supporter of absolutism, organizing support for the restoration of the absolute monarchy.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

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Titles and styles

  • 31 December, 1755 – 10 August, 1759 Her Royal Highness Prince Antonio Pascual of Naples and Sicily, Infante of Spain
  • 10 August, 1759 – 20 April, 1817 Her Royal Highness the Infante Don Antonio Pascual

See also


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