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Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu: Wikis

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Infante Ferdinand of Portugal
Duke of Beja
Duke of Viseu
Spouse Beatrice of Portugal
Issue
John, Duke of Viseu
Diogo, Duke of Viseu
Eleanor, Queen of Portugal
Isabella, Duchess of Braganza
Manuel I of Portugal
House House of Aviz
Father Edward of Portugal
Mother Eleanor of Aragon
Born 17 November 1433
Almeirim
Died 18 September
Setúbal
Portuguese royalty
House of Avis
Ordem Avis.svg

John I
Children
   Infante Duarte (future Edward I)
   Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra
   Henry the Navigator (Infante Henrique, Duke of Viseu)
   Infanta Isabel, Duchess of Burgundy
   Infante João, Lord of Reguengos
   Infante Fernando, the Saint Prince
   Afonso, Duke of Braganza (illegitimate)
   Beatriz, Countess of Arundel (illegitimate)
Grandchildren include
   Infanta Isabel of Coimbra, Queen of Portugal
Edward
Children
   Afonso, Prince of Portugal (future Afonso V)
   Infante Fernando, Duke of Viseu
   Infanta Leonor, Holy Roman Empress
   Infanta Catarina
   Infanta Joana, Queen of Castile
Grandchildren include
   Infante Manuel, Duke of Beja (future Manuel I)
   Infanta Leonor of Viseu, Queen of Portugal
   Infanta Isabella, Duchess of Braganza
Great-Grandchildren include
   Jaime, Duke of Braganza, Prince of Portugal
Afonso V
Children include
   João, Prince of Portugal
   Blessed Joana, Princess of Portugal
   João, Prince of Portugal (future John II)
John II
   Afonso, Prince of Portugal
   Jorge, Duke of Coimbra (illegitimate)

The Infante Ferdinand, Prince of Portugal, Duke of Beja and Duke of Viseu (or Fernando, Portuguese pronunciation: [fɨɾˈnɐ̃du], 1433 – 1470) was the third son of the Portuguese King Edward of Portugal and his wife Eleanor of Aragon.

Contents

Biography

Ferdinand was born in Almeirim on November 17th, 1433, and died in Setúbal on September 18th, 1470.

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Heir presumptive

He was twice sworn Prince of Portugal (title granted to the presumptive heir to the throne): first between 1438 and 1451, once his older brother became king Afonso V of Portugal and had no children; and for the second time, in 1451, when Prince João was born, but died months later.

When Afonso V's first daughter, Princess Joan, was born (1452), Infante Ferdinand finally lost this title.

In 1452, Ferdinand fled the country looking for adventure. Some say he wanted to go to the north African cities controlled by the Portuguese; others say that he wanted to join his uncle, the King Alfonso I of Naples, in his campaigns in southern Italy. It seems Ferdinand had the hope to inherit his uncle’s kingdom, as he had no legitimate children.

Coat of Arms of Infante Ferdinand, 1st Duke of Beja and 2nd Duke of Viseu.

However, his brother, King Afonso V of Portugal, as soon as he knew about Ferdinand’s escape, ordered to the Count of Odemira, which was patrolling the strait of Gibraltar with a fleet, to intercept the infante ship and bring him back to mainland Portugal.

Duke of Beja and Viseu

In 1453, his brother, King Afonso V of Portugal granted him the title of 1st Duke of Beja.

When his uncle, Prince Henry the Navigator died, in 1460, he also become 2nd Duke of Viseu as well. He also succeeded his uncle as Master of the Order of Aviz and responsible for the Discoveries (1460-1470).

He was finally allowed to fight in north Africa: first in 1458 he escorted the king to the conquest of the Moroccan city of Alcácer Ceguer; and for a second time, in 1468, he led a Portuguese fleet that conquered and destroyed the port of Anfa (Anafé in Portuguese), today included in Casablanca, which was a barbary corsairs base.

He was buried in the Religiosas da Conceição monastery, in Beja, founded by his wife.

Marriage and Children

He married his cousin Beatrice of Portugal (Portuguese: Beatriz) in 1447, daughter of Infante João, Lord of Reguengos (his uncle). From this marriage, Ferdinand had nine children:

Ancestors

Ferdinand's ancestors in three generations
Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu Father:
Edward of Portugal
Father's father:
John I of Portugal
Father's father's father:
Peter I of Portugal
Father's father's mother:
Teresa Lourenço
Father's mother:
Philippa of Lancaster
Father's mother's father:
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
Father's mother's mother:
Blanche of Lancaster
Mother:
Leonor of Aragon
Mother's father:
Ferdinand I of Aragon
Mother's father's father:
John I of Castile
Mother's father's mother:
Eleanor of Aragon
Mother's mother:
Eleanor of Alburquerque
Mother's mother's father:
Sancho, Count of Alburquerque
Mother's mother's mother:
Infanta Beatriz, Countess of Alburquerque

See also

Bibliography

”Nobreza de Portugal e do Brasil” – Vol. I, pages 311 and 312. Published by Zairol Lda., Lisbon 1989.

External links

Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu
Cadet branch of the House of Burgundy
Born: 17 November 1433 Died: ? 1470
Preceded by
Afonso (become Afonso V)
Prince of Portugal
1438–1451
Succeeded by
John
Preceded by
John
Prince of Portugal
1451–1452
Succeeded by
Joan
Portuguese nobility
Preceded by
New Title
Armas duques beja.png
Duke of Beja

1453—1470
Succeeded by
John of Viseu, 2nd Duke of Beja
Preceded by
Henry, the Navigator
Armas duques beja.png
Duke of Viseu

1460—1470
Succeeded by
John, 3rd Duke of Viseu

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