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Infante Gabriel of Spain: Wikis


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Infante Gabriel of Spain
portrait by Anton Raphael Mengs
Spouse Infanta Mariana Vitória of Portugal
Infante Pedro Carlos
Infante Maria Carlota
Infante Carlos José Antonio
Father Charles, King of Naples and Sicily
Mother Maria Amalia of Saxony
Born 12 May 1752(1752-05-12)
Palace of Portici, Italy
Died 23 November 1788 (aged 36)
Casita del Infante, El Escorial, Spain
Coat of arms of Infante Gabriel of Spain.[1]

Infante Gabriel of Spain[2] (Palace of Portici, Portici, 12 May 1752 - Casita del Infante, El Escorial, 23 November 1788) was an Infante of Spain.



Born at the Palace of Portici outside Naples, he was named Prince Gabriel Antonio Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno José Serafin Pascual Salvador of Naples and Sicily; he was the fourth son of Charles of Naples and Sicily and Maria Amalia of Saxony; his father was the King of Naples and Sicily as part of a personal union from 1735.

Of all the sons of Charles III, Gabriel was the most intelligent and hardworking. He was very cultured, renown to be an excellent translator of Sallust and a true Maecenas. He had Antonio Soler as his music teacher, who composed several sonatas on harpsichord especially for his gifted pupil, as well as concerts for two organs to be interpreted together in the El Escorial church.

Gabriel spent his childhood growing up in his fathers Neapolitan kingdom; at the age of seven, he moved with his parents and older siblings Infante Carlos and Infanta Maria Luisa to live in Madrid. His uncle Ferdinand VI of Spain died in hierless in 1759 so his father became Charles III of Spain by default. In Naples he left his two other brothers Infante Felipe, Duke of Calabria (who was disabled and thus excluded from succession to any of his fathers domains) and the eight year old Ferdinand, King of Naples and Sicily; Ferdinand was put in the care of a Regency council which ran the Kingdom till 1767.

While in Spain his brother married Maria Luisa of Parma in 1765; the couple did not have any issue till 1771; during this time, Gabriel was third in line to the Spanish Throne during that period. Prior to the marriage of Ferdinand of Naples and Sicily, Gabriel was second in line to that throne from 1759 - 1775. He was later made the Grand Prior of the Orden Hospitalaria de San Juan in Castilla y León. In 1771 he instructed Juan de Villanueva to build the so called Casita del Infante.

He had married Infanta Mariana Vitória of Portugal; she was the daughter of Maria I of Portugal and her consort Peter III of Portugal. Mariana Vitória had a proxy ceremony on 12 April 1785 in Lisbon; they met for the first time at Aranjuez on 23 May. The couple had three children but only one survived infancy; their eldest child Infante Pedro Carlos was later made an Infante of Portugal by his grandmother who had him raised at her court at Royal Palace of Queluz.

At the birth of his last child, Infante Carlos, he and his wife were in residence at Gabriel's Casita del Infante at El Escorial. While there, Gabriel caught Smallpox and died at the Casita aged only 36. Sadly, his wife succumbed to the illness also and died aged just 19 on 2 November; Infante Carlos died himself a week after his mother.

The three were all buried at the El Escorial complex. Gabriel's death effected Charles III his father greatly. Charles III joined his son soon after Gabriel's death; Charles III died at the Royal Palace of Madrid in Madrid on 14 December aged 72.




Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 12 May 1752 - 6 October 1759 His Royal Highness Prince Gabriel of Naples and Sicily, Infante of Spain
  • 6 October 1759 - 23 November 1788 His Royal Highness Don Gabriel, Infante of Spain, Prince of Naples, Prince of Sicily etc.



  1. ^ (Spanish) Menéndez Pidal y Navascués, Faustino, Hugo. El escudo. P. 248. At Menéndez Pidal y Navascués, Faustino; O´Donnell y Duque de Estrada, Hugo; Lolo, Begoña. Símbolos de España. Madrid: Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales, 1999. ISBN 84-259-1074-9
  2. ^ Sometimes called Gabriel de Borbón y Sajonia, Infante de España



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