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Jaime
Duke of Segovia ; Duke of Anjou
Legitimist pretender to the French throne
Pretendence 28 February 1941 – 20 March 1975
Predecessor Alphonse II
Successor Alphonse III
Legitimist pretender to the Spanish throne
Pretendence 28 February 1941 – 20 March 1975
Predecessor Alfonso XIII
Successor Alfonso XIV
Duke of Anjou
Tenure 28 February 1941 – 20 March 1975
Successor Alfonso, Duke of Anjou
Spouse Emmanuelle de Dampierre
Charlotte Tiedemann
Issue
Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz
Gonzalo, Duke of Aquitaine
Father Alfonso XIII of Spain
Mother Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
Born 23 June 1908(1908-06-23)
Died 20 March 1975 (aged 66)

Infante Jaime of Spain, 1st Duke of Segovia, Grandee of Spain (Jaime Luitpold Isabelino Enrique Alejandro Alberto Alfonso Victor Acacio Pedro Pablo María de Borbón y Battenberg) (23 June 1908 – 20 March 1975), was the second son of King Alfonso XIII of Spain and his wife Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg. He was born in the Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso in Segovia Province.

Because he was deaf-mute as the result of a childhood operation, he renounced his rights to the Spanish throne for himself and his descendants on 21 June/23 June 1933. He then became the 1st Duke of Segovia. In 1941, however, on the death of his father, he became the senior legitimate heir male of the House of Capet and proclaimed himself the legitimate heir to the French throne and head of the House of Bourbon, was known as the Duke of Anjou, and thus in the opinion of some scholars de jure King of France. As senior male by primogeniture of the House of Capet he was considered by many the legitimist claimant to the French throne. He was known to the French legitimists as Henri VI (since 1957, he signed all documents as Jacques Henri).

He was the 1,153rd Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1921.

Jaime married in Rome on 4 March 1935 Victoire Jeanne Joséphine Emmanuelle (Emanuela) de Dampierre (born Rome, 8 November 1913), a businesswoman, daughter of the French nobleman Don Roger de Dampierre, 2nd Duke of San Lorenzo and Viscount of Dampierre, Nobleman of Viterbo (1892–1975) and of the Italian princess Donna Vittoria Ruspoli (1892–1982), daughter of Emanuele Ruspoli, 1st Prince of Poggio Suasa and third wife American Josephine Mary Curtiss, and they had two sons, named for Jaime's hemophiliac brothers, Alfonso and Gonzalo:

Don Jaime and Emmanuelle de Dampierre Ruspoli divorced on 1947 in Bucharest (recognized by the Italian courts in 1949 but never recognized in Spain) and, on 3 August 1949 in Innsbruck, Don Jaime remarried civilly to divorced singer Charlotte Luise Auguste Tiedemann (Königsberg, 2 January 1919 – Berlin, 3 July 1979), daughter of Otto Eugen Tiedemann and wife Luise Klein. However, in the eyes of the Roman Catholic Church and of the French legitimists, Emmanuelle de Dampierre remained always his wife. The second marriage produced no children. His first wife remarried on 21 November 1949 Antonio Sozzani (Milan, 12 July 1918 – January 2007), son of Cesare Sozzani and wife Cristina Alemani, without issue.

On 6 December 1949, Don Jaime took back his renunciation of the throne of Spain. On 3 May 1964, he took the title Duke of Madrid as head of the carlist branch of the Spanish succession (recognized as King Jaime IV[1] of Spain by a sizable group of Carlists). On 19 July 1969, Don Jaime definitively renounced the Spanish succession in favour of his nephew, current King Juan Carlos I of Spain, by petition of his son Alfonso de Borbón.

Don Jaime died on St. Gall Cantonal Hospital in Switzerland on 20 March 1975. He is buried at the Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial.

Contents

Ancestry

Notes

  1. ^ Technically he was Jaime I of Spain, whose Kings followed the counting of the Kings of Castile, but he was counted after the previous Kings of Aragon.

Bibliography

Zavala, José M. Don Jaime, el trágico Borbón: la maldición del hijo sordomudo de Alfonso XIII. Madrid: La Esfera de los Libros, 2006. ISBN 8497345657. Aranguren, Begoña. Emanuela de Dampierre: memorias, esposa y madre de los Borbones que pudieron reinar en España. Madrid: Esfera de los Libros, 2003. ISBN 8497341414.

External links

Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: 23 June 1908 Died: 20 March 1975
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Alphonse II
— TITULAR —
King of France and Navarre
28 February 1941 – 20 March 1975
Reason for succession failure:
Bourbon monarchy abolished in 1830
Succeeded by
Alphonse III
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