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Ingolstadt
D-IN-Ingolstadt06.JPG
Coat of arms of Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt is located in Germany
Ingolstadt
Coordinates 48°45′49″N 11°25′34″E / 48.76361°N 11.42611°E / 48.76361; 11.42611
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Upper Bavaria
District Urban district
City subdivisions 11 Stadtbezirke with 61 Unterbezirken
Lord Mayor Alfred Lehmann (CSU)
Basic statistics
Area 133.35 km2 (51.49 sq mi)
Elevation 400 m  (1312 ft)
Population 122,359  (30 June 2007)
 - Density 918 /km2 (2,377 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate IN
Postal codes 85049–85057
Area codes 0841
08450(Zuchering, Brunnenreuth)
08424(Irgertsheim)
Website www.ingolstadt.de

Ingolstadt (German pronunciation: [ˈɪŋɡɔlˌʃtat]; Austro-Bavarian: Inglstådt) is a city in the Free State of Bavaria, Germany. It is located along the banks of the Danube River, in the center of Bavaria. As of December 31, 2005, Ingolstadt had 121,801 residents. It is part of the Munich Metropolitan Area with a population of more than 5 million.

Ingolstadt is mentioned in the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley. It is the birthplace of the monster as created by the scientist Victor Frankenstein.

The Illuminati, a Bavarian secret society, was founded in Ingolstadt in the late 18th century.

The headquarters of the German automobile manufacturer Audi are located in Ingolstadt, as well as the headquarters of the electronic stores Media Markt and Saturn. Ingolstadt Central Station has been connected to Nuremberg by a high-speed rail link since May 2006. Ingolstadt also has a second passenger station at Ingolstadt Nord.

Contents

History and culture

Old City Hall
Church of Our Lady
The Kreuztor

Ingolstadt was first mentioned in a document of Charlemagne on 6 February 806 as "Ingoldes stat", the place of Ingold. Circa 1250, Ingolstadt was granted city status.

Ingolstadt was the capital of the duchy Bavaria-Ingolstadt between 1392 and 1447. Ingolstadt was then united with Bavaria-Landshut. Louis VII, Duke of Bavaria ordered the building of the New Castle, which is strongly influenced by French Gothic architecture. In 1472 Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria founded the Ludwig-Maximilians-University in Ingolstadt, which was moved to Landshut in 1800 and finally to Munich.

On 30 April 1632, the German fieldmarshall Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly died in Ingolstadt, during the Swedish siege. The fieldmarshall had been badly hurt in a previous engagement with the Swedes under King Gustavus Adolphus. Ingolstadt proved to be the first fortress in Germany that held out for the entire length of the Swedish siege, and the Swedes eventually withdrew.

The horse of Gustavus Adolphus can be seen in the City Museum. It was shot from under the king by one of the cannons inside the fortress. The cannon was known as "The Fig". When the Swedes withdrew, the remains of the horse were preserved, and it was eventually put on display, and has remained so for almost 400 years.

Originally a fortress city, Ingolstadt is enclosed by a medieval defensive wall. The Bavarian fortress (1537–1930) nowadays holds the museum of the Bavarian army. During World War I, future French president Charles de Gaulle was detained there as a prisoner of war. A sappers' drill ground is still crossing the river, two military air bases are nearby, one used for testing airplanes. The long military tradition of the city is reflected in today's civil and cultural life. Former "off-limit" grounds are now well-used public parks.

Ingolstadt was the city where William IV, Duke of Bavaria wrote and signed the Bavarian Reinheitsgebot in 1516. Adolf Scherzer composed the "Bayerischen Defiliermarsch", and Mary Shelley's Frankenstein is related to the Ingolstädter Alte Anatomie (Old Anatomy Building), now a museum for medical history. In 1748, Adam Weishaupt, the founder of the Order of Illuminati, was born in Ingolstadt. The famous writer Marieluise Fleißer wrote Pioniere in Ingolstadt in 1928.

Main sights

As one of five ducal residences of medieval Bavaria next to Landshut, Munich, Straubing and Burghausen, the city of Ingolstadt features many gothic buildings, such as the Herzogskasten (Old ducal castle; ca. 1255) and the New Castle, which was built from 1418 onwards. The largest church is the gothic hall Church of Our Lady which was begun in 1425. Also the churches of Saint Maurice (1235) and of the monasteries Gnadenthal and of the Franciscans date from the gothic era. The Kreuztor (1385) is one of the remaining gates of the old city wall. The gothic Old City Hall was also constructed in the 14th century, but later altered several times.

The baroque era is today still represented by the Old Anatomy Building of the university (1723-1736, by Gabriel de Gabrieli) and the church St. Maria de Victoria which was built by the Asam brothers (1732-1736), while the church of the Augustinians of Johann Michael Fischer (1736) was completely destroyed in World War II.

Many buildings of the neo-classical fortification of Leo von Klenze have been preserved, such as the Reduit Tilly and the towers Baur und Triva.

Schools

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Ingolstadt School of Management

Ingolstadt is home of one of Germany's foremost business schools: the Ingolstadt School of Management. It's the department of business administration and economics of the "Catholic University of Eichstaett-Ingolstadt."

In national rankings, the B-school regularly scores among the top ten, which is due to its high academic quality and excellent student:professor ratio. The faculty maintains a vast network of partner universities for international educational exchange.

Currently, the Ingolstadt School of Management offers bachelor's and master's degrees in business administration ( German: BWL - Betriebswirtschaftslehre). Among the academic programs offered are also an executive MBA and doctoral degrees.

University of Applied Sciences

The University of Applied Sciences Ingolstadt is a new and dynamic university for technology, computer sciences and business administration. With around 2500 students the University is the biggest institution of learning in Ingolstadt.

Classes are small and students receive individual attention. The close interaction between professors, instructors and students creates a pleasant contrast to studying at a larger universities.

Several scholarship programs supported by companies such as Siemens and Temic provide gifted students with financial assistance during their studies. These students deepen their practical experience by working at these organizations.

The University of Applied Sciences Ingolstadt offers several Undergraduate and Graduate Programs. Every Program is listed under the top 10 in Germany.

Literary references

Ingolstadt is one of the many settings in Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein. Primarily, Victor Frankenstein attends university in Ingolstadt. The musical version of the novel, Frankenstein - A New Musical has many scenes set in Ingolstadt.

Ingolstadt is also a pivotal location in The Illuminatus! Trilogy by Robert Shea and Robert Anton Wilson.

Dr. Faust is mentioned in an old and short local tale.

The X-Files episode "The Post-Modern Prometheus" makes a reference to the University of Ingolstadt. This was an allusion to Frankenstein, as the episode was filled with Frankenstein references, and the full title of Frankenstein is actually "Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus" (also see: Prometheus).

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Several other cities are sister cities to Ingolstadt:

Organizations and clubs

See also

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Ingolstadt is a city in Bavaria, southern Germany.

Get in

By plane

Munich Airport is one of the closest airports to Ingolstadt, By train Munich Hauptbahnhof (Main station) is about 35 minutes away from Ingolstadt and the journey costs approximately €15

By train

The main station is Ingolstadt Hauptbahnhof (HBF) and the second main station of the city is Ingolstadt Nord

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Ingolstadt

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Proper noun

Ingolstadt

  1. Ingolstadt (city in southern Germany)

Simple English

Ingolstadt

Ingolstadt
Coordinates 48°45′49″N 11°25′34″E / 48.76361°N 11.42611°E / 48.76361; 11.42611
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Upper Bavaria
District Urban district
City subdivisions 11 Stadtbezirke mit 61 Unterbezirken
Lord Mayor Alfred Lehmann (CSU)
Basic statistics
Area 133.35 km2 (51.49 sq mi)
Population 123,755  (30 September 2008)
 - Density 928 /km2 (2,404 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate IN
Postal codes 85049 – 85057
Area codes 0841
08450(Zuchering, Brunnenreuth)
08424(Irgertsheim)
Website www.ingolstadt.de

Ingolstadt is a city in the German state of Bavaria near Munich. It is on the Danube river and has about 120,000 inhabitants.
In 1472, Bavaria's first university was founded in Ingolstadt. The Bavarian Reinheitsgebot, a regulation about the purity of beer, was started there in 1516. The car manufacturer Audi has its main base in Ingolstadt.

Ingolstadt is also the setting of Mary Shelley's famous novel Frankenstein.frr:Ingolstadt


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