Injun Joe: Wikis


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Mark Twain's series of books featuring the fictional characters Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn include:

  1. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876)
  2. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885)
  3. Tom Sawyer Abroad (1894)
  4. Tom Sawyer, Detective (1896)

Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn also appear in at least three unfinished Twain works, Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer Among the Indians (a sequel to Huckleberry Finn), Schoolhouse Hill (a version of The Mysterious Stranger) and Tom Sawyer's Conspiracy (a sequel to Tom Sawyer, Detective). While all three uncompleted works had been posthumously published, only Tom Sawyer's Conspiracy boasts a complete plot and nearly complete story. Twain abandoned the other two works after only finishing a few chapters.


Tom Sawyer

Thomas "Tom" Sawyer is the protagonist of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and a character in Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Tom Sawyer (fictional character 'born' around 1833) is the main character of the Mark Twain novel The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876). He appears in three other novels by Twain: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884), Tom Sawyer Abroad (1894), and Tom Sawyer, Detective (1896).

Sawyer also appears in at least three unfinished Twain works, Huck and Tom Among the Indians, Schoolhouse Hill, and Tom Sawyer's Conspiracy. While all three incompleted works were posthumously published, only Tom Sawyer's Conspiracy boasts a complete plot, as Twain abandoned the other two works after only finishing a few chapters.

The fictional character's name may have derived from a real life Tom Sawyer with whom Twain was acquainted in San Francisco, California while Twain was employed as a reporter at the San Francisco Call.[1] The character himself is an amalgam of several boys Twain knew while growing up.[2]

Tom Sawyer is a cunning, playful boy. He is around twelve years old. His best friends include Joe Harper and Huckleberry Finn. In The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, it is apparent that Tom is infatuated with Rebecca (alias Becky) Thatcher. He has a half-brother, Sid, (Who is a mean spirited boy. Sid lives to make toms life un-happy.) a cousin, Mary, (Who is almost a saint. She has a warm heart, and a soft spot for tom. She acts out of genuine best intentions.) and his aunt is known as Aunt Polly, (She takes care of all 3 children. She can never bring herself to truely punish tom.) all of whom he lives with. Tom is Aunt Polly's dead sister's son. It is unknown how Tom's mother died.

Among the adventures Tom gets himself into are revealing Injun Joe's crime, getting trapped in a cave with Becky Thatcher, and discovering Injun Joe's treasure. In American popular culture, however, Tom is best known for the clever way he tricks other children into helping him to paint a fence.


Tom's older cousin, and Aunt Polly's daughter. She is said to be an excellent student, having won the Bible contest twice given in Sunday School when a student memorizes 2,000 verses.

Huckleberry Finn

Huckleberry Finn is the protagonist and narrator of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. He is 12 or 13 years old at the time of the events in "Tom Sawyer" and would be a year older at the time of the major events of the book "Huckleberry Finn". Huck also appears in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and narrates Tom Sawyer, Detective and Tom Sawyer Abroad, as well as the unfinished Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer Among the Indians and Tom Sawyer's Conspiracy. He is also Tom Sawyer's closest friend.

The character of Huck Finn was based on Tom Blankenship, the real-life son of a drunkard who lived in a "ramshackle" house near the Mississippi River behind the house where the author grew up in Hannibal, Missouri.[3]

Actors who have portrayed Huckleberry Finn in movies and TV include Gordon Griffith, Junior Durkin, Mickey Rooney, Eddie Hodges, Jeff East, Ron Howard, Ian Tracey, Patrick Day, Elijah Wood, and Brad Renfro.

Pap Finn

Huck's abusive, drunken, racist, father who had vanished but shows up at the beginning of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and forcibly takes his son to live with him. He also tries to sue Judge Thatcher to get the six thousand dollars that Huck gave away to him, and confiscated whatever money Huck has in his pocket, using it to get drunk. He is infuriated that his son would try to amount to more than he did, and live in better conditions than he did. He demands that Huck quit school, threatening him with whipping. Soon After Huck escapes, Pap Finn goes off to search for him and doesn't return. At the end of the book, Jim reveals to Huck that the corpse they found in the abandoned house early in the book was actually the corpse of his father. Pap Finn's backstory is explored in the book Finn: A Novel.

Joe Harper

Joseph (Joe) Harper is Tom Sawyer's friend in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, and joins Tom on some of his adventures. He becomes a pirate with Tom and Huck, when they ran away from home to Jacksons Island. He has two sisters, Susie and Faith Harper. His mother is Sereny Harper.

Injun Joe

Injun Joe is a half Native American, half white man - "Injun" (a variant of "Indian") being a pejorative term in general and clearly intended as such in the specific social circumstances described for this character. He was horsewhipped by Mr. Douglas, a police officer, for vagrancy, and this led to a lifelong burning for revenge against the officer, and later on, his widow. Injun Joe uncovers loot in a haunted house and buries it in a cave; however, around the same time, Tom Sawyer and Becky Thatcher are trapped in the cave but soon rescued, leading the entrance to the cave being sealed and Injun Joe being trapped inside, where he dies.

Injun Joe had, by the time of his death, planned or carried out several crimes, as well as probably striking fear into the children of the village (which he does in one scene of the 1995 film). The first that Tom Sawyer witnessed was the murder of Doctor Robinson and the framing of Muff Potter. Following this, Huck Finn overhears Injun Joe plotting the mutilation of Widow Douglas. Huck sounds the alarm, but Injun Joe escapes. There is evidence of other crimes that is not clarified; the fact that there is a "Number Two" home for Injun Joe and that he keeps it secret hints that he is also a thief and/or a conspirator.

The story was memorialized by a tame version of Injun Joe's Cave on Tom Sawyer Island at Disneyland until 2007, when the attraction was replaced with Dead Man's Grotto.

It has been theorized that Injun Joe was based on Joe Douglas, a man whose parents were Black and Osage Indian, who lived in the Hannibal, Missouri area, reportedly dying in 1923 at the age of 102 "from food poisoning from pickled pig's feet". Douglas was very tall, his face scarred by smallpox, and he wore a red wig covering a bald head, which made him a frightening figure. In fact, he was a responsible property owner.[4]

An actor who has played Injun Joe is Eric Schweig, who is best known for his role in The Last of the Mohicans[5][6]. Another actor who played Injun Joe in a 1960's The New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was Ted Cassidy.[7]

Muff Potter

Muff Potter is featured in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer as a drunk fisherman who loves children. He often helps mend the children's kites and helps them fish, but is at times, extremely intoxicated. Muff Potter is falsely accused of murdering Dr. Robinson in the beginning of the story while really, it is Injun Joe's doing. In the end, he is cleared of the crime. He is a close friend of Tom's. Tom saves his life, while endangering his own, by telling the truth about the Robinson murder.

Judge Thatcher

Judge Thatcher is a minor character in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. He is also Becky (Rebecca) Thatcher's father. He was a close friend of Tom Sawyer.

Rebecca "Becky" Thatcher

Becky is an outgoing girl who seems to 'like' Tom. She is the daughter of Judge Thatcher, and she is known for her love interest with Tom Sawyer in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. She has dark brown eyes, a roundish face, and very, very long brown hair always worn in braids. She mostly wears blue and pink dresses. She wins Tom's love from the first moment he sees her. Even after weeks trying to win the affection of a girl named Amy Lawrence, Becky makes him forget all about her. When Tom and Becky first have an encounter, she gives him a pansy to show her love. Tom reveals himself to be a true romantic at heart when he lays himself under Becky's window and creates a wistful "death". Becky Thatcher soon becomes "engaged" to Tom Sawyer, and right after he seals their engagement with a kiss on the lips, he begins to talk about Amy Lawrence. As soon as he does so, she becomes very angry, and does not forgive Tom for loving before her until he takes a whipping for her from the schoolmaster when she looked at and ripped a page in the schoolmaster's forbidden book (which, according to her, is "noble"). The "forbidden book" is a book of drawings of the human body; Tom gets revenge on the Schoolmaster by removing his wig and then gilding his bald head in front of the class while the man is asleep.

Widow Douglas

Widow Douglas's life is saved by Huckleberry Finn after he follows Injun Joe and a confederate of his and discovers their plot to disfigure her. Out of gratitude, she takes Huck into her home, but he has trouble adjusting to "sivilized" (as he calls it) life and soon runs away. At the end of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Tom persuades Huck to return for at least a month. If he does this, he can be in the Tom Sawyer gang at the end of the story. Because of this, Widow Douglas is left feeling very sad. father is a judge

Slave Jim

Slave Jim flees slavery with Huck, who flees his drunkard father. He hopes to reach free states and reunite with his family. At the end of the book, it is revealed by Tom that his owner had died since they left home, and she freed Jim in her will. Of Jim, Russell Baker wrote:

"The people whom Huck and Jim encounter on the Mississippi are drunkards, murderers, bullies, swindlers, lynchers, thieves, liars, mows, frauds, child abusers, numbskulls, hypocrites, windbags and traders in human flesh. All are white. The one man of honor in this phantasmagoria is 'slave Jim,' as Twain called him to emphasize the irony of a society in which the only true gentleman was held beneath contempt."[8]

The King and the Duke

Two con men who Huck meets in his adventures down the Mississippi. They join Huck and Jim on the raft to escape an angry mob that was chasing them out of a town. The younger one initially claims to be the true heir of the Duke of Bridgewater, and the older one the lost son of Louis the XVI and the rightful King of France. Thus, they are referred to by Huck as "the king" and "the duke" throughout the narration of the book. During their time in the story, they work together to stage many shenanigans, including pretending to be the brothers of a deceased man so they can steal the money left to them in the will. They are later separated from Huck and Jim and tarred and feathered.

Mr. Walters

Mr. Walters is the hated superintendent at Tom's Sunday school. He is easily angered and is described as "short tempered."

Rev. Mr. Sprague

The pastor at church.


  1. ^ Biography of Tom Sawyer
  2. ^ Twain, M., Introduction; The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, 1876
  3. ^ (Washington, D.C.) Express, June 6, 2007
  4. ^ Injun Joe
  5. ^ The Last of the Mohicans (1992)
  6. ^ Tom and Huck (1995)
  7. ^
  8. ^ Expelling 'Huck Finn'

External links

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