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Inner Catalan border: Wikis

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Inner Catalan border
Northern and Southern Catalonia
Type international border
Built Treaty of the Pyrenees, 1659 (Treaty of the Pyrenees, 1659)
Built by  France  Spain
Garrison France:

France Gendarmerie nationale
France Police nationale

Spain:

Spain Guardia Civil
Spain Policía Nacional
Catalonia Mossos d'Esquadra

The inner Catalan border [1][2](or Catalan frontier [3], in Catalan: frontera intercatalana or frontera catalana) is the frontier between the French and Spanish States, which runs across Catalonia, thus effectively dividing the nation in two parts, Northern Catalonia, in France, and Southern Catalonia, in Spain.

The frontier starts on the Andorra/France/Spain eastern tripoint (42°30′09″N 01°43′34″E) and runs eastwards into the Mediterranean sea, in the boundary between the towns of Cervera de la Marenda (French: Cerbère) and Portbou (42°26′09″N 03°10′26″E).

The inner Catalan border is the result of the so-called Pyrenees' Treaty[4], signed on 1659 to end the 1635 to 1659 war between France and Spain, a war that was initially a part of the wider Thirty Years' War.

The definitive boundary between the two States was definitevely laid out in the 1866 Treaty of Bayonne[5].

See also

Inner Catalan border accross Northern and Southern Catalonia

References

  1. ^ Peter Sahlins «The Nation in the Village: State Building and Communal Struggles in the Catalan Borderland during the 18th and 19th centuries» Border Cultures: Nation and State at International Boundaries ed. T. Wilson and H. Donnan. Cambridge University Press, 1998
  2. ^ Peter Sahlins Boundaries: The Making of France and Spain in the Pyrenees. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989
  3. ^ Peter Sahlins «How Many Histories of the Catalan Frontier?» L'Avenç Nº 86, November, 1985, pp. 42-48 (in Catalan)
  4. ^ Traité de paix des Pyrénées du 7 novembre 1659 (in French)
  5. ^ Traité de délimitation, signé à Bayonne le 26 mai 1866 (in French)
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