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A personification of innovation as represented by a statue in The American Adventure in the World Showcase pavilion of Walt Disney World's Epcot.
.Innovation is a new way of doing something or "new stuff that is made useful".[1] It may refer to incremental and emergent or radical and revolutionary changes in thinking, products, processes, or organizations.^ An useful innovation has to be useful , and not just be a new idea.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The innovating organization is focused on "new stuff," "cool stuff"—but is pragmatic to a fault.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ In particular, integrating functions to prevent customers from using a competitor’s product is “predation,” not “innovation.” An “innovation” is not a product, either, although a product may embody or contain innovations.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Following Schumpeter (1934), contributors to the scholarly literature on innovation typically distinguish between invention, an idea made manifest, and innovation, ideas applied successfully in practice.^ This paper lists the “most important software innovations,” so we first need to clarify what each of those words mean: To be a “most important” innovation, an innovation has to be an idea that is very widely used and is critically important where it applies.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In many fields, such as the arts, economics and government policy, something new must be substantially different to be innovative.^ As I noted earlier, many important events in computing aren’t software innovations, such as the announcements of new hardware platforms.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to Carlson and Doyle, a truly complex system must consist of many different kinds of parts, intricate organizations and highly different structures at different levels of scale.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While there will undoubtedly be many different such applications, I’d like to focus my comment on three specific categories.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In economics the change must increase value, customer value, or producer value.^ Or click to learn more about how Energy Focus innovates to deliver customer-driven solutions that produce exceptional value.

^ Apsara Innovations' growth has been very healthy not only in sales but also in increase of customers which we feel is very valuable.
  • :: APSARA INNOVATIONS PVT LTD :: 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.apsarain.com [Source type: News]

^ Strategic Innovation is the creation of growth strategies , new product categories , services or business models that change the game and generate significant new value for customers and the corporation...
  • INNOVATION: Bringing New Ideas to Life (Your first-ever Business e-Coach) 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.1000ventures.com [Source type: General]
  • INNOVATION MANAGEMENT: Incremental and Radical Innovation Strategies 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.1000ventures.com [Source type: News]

The goal of innovation is positive change, to make someone or something better. Innovation leading to increased productivity is the fundamental source of increasing wealth in an economy.
.Innovation is an important topic in the study of economics, business, entrepreneurship, design, technology, sociology, and engineering.^ The workshop was organized by the Innovation and Entrepreneurship Group of the Imperial College Business School , as part of a new multi-disciplinary research initiative, Ecocit, whose goal is to study how to help urban environments around the world thrive both ecologically and economically.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cities have long been important areas of study in a variety of disciplines, including sociology, civil engineering, architecture and urban studies .
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most key software technology innovations were never patented, so tracking patents is certain to miss most of the most important innovations.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Colloquially, the word "innovation" is often synonymous with the output of the process. .However, economists tend to focus on the process itself, from the origination of an idea to its transformation into something useful, to its implementation; and on the system within which the process of innovation unfolds.^ Per #41 immediately above, the evaluation process must focus on risk-taking, innovations launched, "excellent failures" as one exec puts it.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Most projects invent themselves, rather than being the product of a formal planning process; and their growth into something big is also mostly organic.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Over the last year, we have started to apply the term smart to our ability to infuse intelligence into the very way the world’s systems and processes work.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since innovation is also considered a major driver of the economy, especially when it leads to new product categories or increasing productivity, the factors that lead to innovation are also considered to be critical to policy makers.^ In most companies, just about all the cards are stacked against the nurturing of innovation, especially the kinds of new ideas and disruptive innovations that generally lead to major changes in the marketplace and within the business.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In particular, followers of innovation economics stress using public policy to spur innovation and growth.
.Those who are directly responsible for application of the innovation are often called pioneers in their field, whether they are individuals or organisations.^ Such a lab-centric model of knowledge and innovation, relied primarily on the scientists and technologists working in the labs to come up with new ideas and products, which they then threw over the transom to those responsible for marketing, selling and customer support.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is part of a program Dean Wilson is launching to bring people to Annenberg from different fields, who have real-world, practical understanding of the impacts of disruptive innovations, - because they have lived through it, as I have in IBM. His letter said: “ .
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Those who perform well in their jobs will generally be promoted to positions of higher responsibility.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Introduction

.In the organizational context, innovation may be linked to performance and growth through improvements in efficiency, productivity, quality, competitive positioning, market share, etc.^ This kind of information-based intelligence will help us make companies, industries, organizations and economies more efficient, productive and responsive.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Managing a large global organization is very tough and getting tougher given our unpredictable, fast changing, intensely competitive market environment.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sharing-transparency are the innovation organization's lubricant; therefore those who hoard must get the boot.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

.All organizations can innovate, including for example hospitals, universities, and local governments.^ We were organized into four sub-teams: Innovation and Government, Innovation and National Priorities, Innovation and Science, and Innovation and Civil Society.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Solow says, "He was explicit that, while technological innovation was in the long run the most important function of the entrepreneur, organizational innovation in governance, finance and management was comparable in significance."
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Among other things, they act as mentors for innovation projects, including small ones three or four levels down in the organization.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

.While innovation typically adds value, innovation may also have a negative or destructive effect as new developments clear away or change old organizational forms and practices.^ While innovation typically adds value, innovation may also have a negative or destructive effect as new developments clear away or change old organizational forms and practices.
  • Business Innovation - Empower Your Business with Bold Genius Business Ideas! 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC business-innovation.com [Source type: News]

^ Incremental innovations add value.
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Innovation Delivery team have experience in many industries, developing new products and services, providing management expertise, and helping operations run smoothly.

.Organizations that do not innovate effectively may be destroyed by those that do.^ Sharing-transparency are the innovation organization's lubricant; therefore those who hoard must get the boot.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ How then do you now organize innovation in a company - when the real experts are those employees closest to the marketplace and the products and services that their clients buy and use?
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Hence innovation typically involves risk. .A key challenge in innovation is maintaining a balance between process and product innovations where process innovations tend to involve a business model which may develop shareholder satisfaction through improved efficiencies while product innovations develop customer support however at the risk of costly R&D that can erode shareholder return.^ Such a lab-centric model of knowledge and innovation, relied primarily on the scientists and technologists working in the labs to come up with new ideas and products, which they then threw over the transom to those responsible for marketing, selling and customer support.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We do this through developing new learning models, research and public engagement.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It aims to bring together the disciplines of design, engineering, technology and business to address jointly the challenges of innovation in an increasingly global, competitive economy.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Innovation can be described as the result of some amount of time and effort into researching an idea, plus some larger amount of time and effort into developing this idea, plus some very large amount of time and effort into commercializing this idea into a market place with customers.^ Such a lab-centric model of knowledge and innovation, relied primarily on the scientists and technologists working in the labs to come up with new ideas and products, which they then threw over the transom to those responsible for marketing, selling and customer support.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Managing a large, global organization is indeed very difficult, especially in our unpredictable, emergent , fast changing and intensely competitive market environment.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They strive to bring innovations to market by partnering with the private sector, including VCs to help them start new companies and established enterprises to jointly develop and commerciale new ideas.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.Innovation has been studied in a variety of contexts, including in relation to technology, commerce, social systems, economic development, and policy construction.^ Innovation in the construction industry: study cases .
  • Innovation - a key concept in Economics and Management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.economicswebinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Innovation Studies : Latest Studies related to Innovation .
  • CORDIS Archive : CORDIS: Innovation Portal: Home 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC cordis.europa.eu [Source type: News]

^ Within the context of her own personal journey, IDEO social innovation lead shares her process for building social enterprises in the developing world.

There are, therefore, naturally a wide range of approaches to conceptualizing innovation in the scholarly literature.[2]

Distinguishing from invention

Invention is the embodiment of something new. While both invention and innovation have "uniqueness" implications, innovation also carries an undertone of profitability and market performance expectation.
An improvement on an existing form or embodiment, composition or processes might be an invention, an innovation, both or neither if it is not substantial enough. .According to certain business literature , an idea, a change or an improvement is only an innovation when it is put to use and effectively causes a social or commercial reorganization.^ In most companies, just about all the cards are stacked against the nurturing of innovation, especially the kinds of new ideas and disruptive innovations that generally lead to major changes in the marketplace and within the business.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They showed how businesses today can use this emerging technology for cost-effective and powerful computing solutions.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not only does he repeatedly come up with great ideas, but he also comes up with innovative ways of communicating his ideas so that they are accessible to lots of people in the business world and the general population.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In organizations

A convenient definition of innovation from an organizational perspective is given by Luecke and Katz (2003), who wrote:
"Innovation . . . is generally understood as the successful introduction of a new thing or method . . . .Innovation is the embodiment, combination, or synthesis of knowledge in original, relevant, valued new products, processes, or services.^ Innovation , extending the utilization of a product or process.
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gerald is an expert on the product innovation process.

^ In this sense, the cost of capital is crucial not only at the early stages of research and product development but also at the later stages when high-technology products are installed in production processes, in both manufacturing and service industries, as new tools to improve worker effectiveness."
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Innovation typically involves creativity, but is not identical to it: innovation involves acting on the creative ideas to make some specific and tangible difference in the domain in which the innovation occurs.^ Hence innovation typically involves risk.
  • Business Innovation - Empower Your Business with Bold Genius Business Ideas! 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC business-innovation.com [Source type: News]

^ Innovation involves finding creative or unique ways to improve the elements of the web or engage the web's audience.
  • Web Development: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.december.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our clients want to believe a brilliant idea can magically make a difference.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

For example, Amabile et al. (1996) propose:
."All innovation begins with creative ideas .^ At the end of the day all that creativity and all those ideas have to show on the bottom line.
  • The Secrets of IT Innovation - CIO.com - Business Technology Leadership 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.cio.com [Source type: General]

^ Tags: Innovation , Leadership , creativity , ideas Report Content Want to write a blog for Fast Company?
  • Innovation Group Homepage | Fast Company 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.fastcompany.com [Source type: General]

^ Innovation begins with ideas and succeeds when those ideas have been put to work in the real world.
  • Colorado Innovation Summit - Home Page 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC innovationsummit.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

. . .We define innovation as the successful implementation of creative ideas within an organization.^ Successful organizations work to achieve a balance between creativity and operational excellence and find ways to remove the many barriers to innovation, including the unwritten rules.

^ Both Peter F. Drucker and Harvard's Ted Levitt noted that creativity is only one part of successful innovation.
  • Business Innovation - Business Exchange 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC bx.businessweek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Organizations think they can be great at ideas and innovation, when generally speaking they're either good at one or the other.” If you love something, give it away “Got a good idea?

In this view, creativity by individuals and teams is a starting point for innovation; the first is necessary but not sufficient condition for the second".
.For innovation to occur, something more than the generation of a creative idea or insight is required: the insight must be put into action to make a genuine difference, resulting for example in new or altered business processes within the organization, or changes in the products and services provided.^ In most companies, just about all the cards are stacked against the nurturing of innovation, especially the kinds of new ideas and disruptive innovations that generally lead to major changes in the marketplace and within the business.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our clients want to believe a brilliant idea can magically make a difference.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Then in 2006, an Innovation Jam brought together more than 150,00 people from over one hundred countries, including IBM employees, clients and partners, to help identify the ten most innovative new ideas in which to invest $100 million.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."Innovation, like many business functions, is a management process that requires specific tools, rules, and discipline."^ At moments like this in Haiti, a journalist’s function as a witness can be relatively uncomplicated, in comparison to, say, the processes of political or investigative reporting.

^ Jim Rohn - Optimistic - Innovation - Business Opportunity - Life We don’t have a traditional strategy process, planning process like you’d find in traditional technical companies.
  • Innovation Quotes - Being Innovative 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.woopidoo.com [Source type: News]

^ Innovation, like falling in love, requires a certain state of mind.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From this point of view emphasis is moved from the introduction of specific novel and useful ideas to the general organizational processes and procedures for generating, considering, and acting on such insights leading to significant organizational improvements in terms of improved or new business products, services, or internal processes.^ Sunday's article, titled " Here's an Idea: Let Everyone Have Ideas ," discusses Rite-Solutions, a software company based in Rhode Island (USA) that has "an internal market where any employee can propose that the company acquire a new technology, enter a new business or make an efficiency improvement."
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ My point, mostly, is to remind myself, and you if you need it, that in such critical areas the government and the universities, have for decades played a, and often the , leading role.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Their revenue stream may be limited, but these folks force you to play with novel products and services to meet their peculiar needs.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

.Through these varieties of viewpoints, creativity is typically seen as the basis for innovation, and innovation as the successful implementation of creative ideas within an organization.^ There are no guarantees of success—but the ideas are worthy of serious consideration in small organizations as well as large ones.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

.It should be noted, however, that the term 'innovation' is used by many authors rather interchangeably with the term 'creativity' when discussing individual and organizational creative activity.^ Both Peter F. Drucker and Harvard's Ted Levitt noted that creativity is only one part of successful innovation.
  • Business Innovation - Business Exchange 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC bx.businessweek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ LISP demonstrated other important innovations used in many later languages, including polymorphism and unlimited-extent data structures.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Technical innovation should never be equated with progress, however.
  • Web Development: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.december.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Economic conceptions

.Joseph Schumpeter defined economic innovation in The Theory of Economic Development, 1934, Harvard University Press, Boston.^ This was radical stuff in 1911, when Schumpeter's Theory of Economic Development arrived—and remains so today.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Prophet of Innovation: Joseph Schumpeter and Creative Destruction , by Thomas McCraw.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

[3]
  1. The introduction of a new good — that is one with which consumers are not yet familiar — or of a new quality of a good.
  2. The introduction of a new method of production, which need by no means be founded upon a discovery scientifically new, and can also exist in a new way of handling a commodity commercially.
  3. The opening of a new market, that is a market into which the particular branch of manufacture of the country in question has not previously entered, whether or not this market has existed before.
  4. The conquest of a new source of supply of raw materials or half-manufactured goods, again irrespective of whether this source already exists or whether it has first to be created.
  5. The carrying out of the new organization of any industry, like the creation of a monopoly position (for example through trustification) or the breaking up of a monopoly position
Schumpeter's focus on innovation is reflected in Neo-Schumpeterian economics, developed by such scholars as Christopher Freeman[4] and Giovanni Dosi.[5]
Innovation is also studied by economists in a variety of other contexts, for example in theories of entrepreneurship or in Paul Romer's New Growth Theory. In network theory, innovation can be seen as "a new element introduced in the network which changes, even if momentarily, the costs of transactions between at least two actors, elements or nodes, in the network".[6]

Market outcome

Market outcome from innovation can be studied from different lenses. .The industrial organizational approach of market characterization according to the degree of competitive pressure and the consequent modelling of firm behavior often using sophisticated game theoretic tools, while permitting mathematical modelling, has shifted the ground away from an intuitive understanding of markets.^ Managing a large, global organization is indeed very difficult, especially in our unpredictable, emergent , fast changing and intensely competitive market environment.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Managing a large global organization is very tough and getting tougher given our unpredictable, fast changing, intensely competitive market environment.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The earlier visual framework in economics, of market demand and supply along price and quantity dimensions, has given way to powerful mathematical models which though intellectually satisfying has led policy makers and managers groping for more intuitive and less theoretical analyses to which they can relate to at a practical level.^ It is indeed a very delicate balance , even more so given an unpredictable future where major changes are likely to take place in technologies, markets and global economic conditions.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Six Sigma led the way, was of enormous value—and in the process more or less closed the lid on entrepreneurial behavior.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ I believe they are ushering a new paradigm for user interfaces , as well as a whole round of innovative, more human-oriented, intuitive applications .
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the management (strategy) literature on the other hand, there is a vast array of relatively simple and intuitive models for both managers and consultants to choose from. Most of these models provide insights to the manager which help in crafting a strategic plan consistent with the desired aims. Indeed most strategy models are generally simple, wherein lie their virtue. .In the process however, these models often fail to offer insights into situations beyond that for which they are designed, often due to the adoption of frameworks seldom analytical, seldom rigorous.^ Many companies are now beyond lip service, but a long way from fully incorporating design and experience creation into the heart of the company culture.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Turning these mountains of information into real insights to guide our actions requires sophisticated analysis using powerful supercomputers.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The situational analyses of these models often tend to be descriptive and seldom robust and rarely present behavioral relationship between variables under study.
From an academic point of view, there is often a divorce between industrial organisation theory and strategic management models. While many economists view management models as being too simplistic, strategic management consultants perceive academic economists as being too theoretical, and the analytical tools that they devise as too complex for managers to understand.
.Innovation literature while rich in typologies and descriptions of innovation dynamics is mostly technology focused.^ For the last couple of months I have been a member of the Technology, Innovation & Government Reform (TIGR) transition policy group focusing on innovation and government.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most research on innovation has been devoted to the process (technological) of innovation, or has otherwise taken a how to (innovate) approach.^ As Solow says, "He was explicit that, while technological innovation was in the long run the most important function of the entrepreneur, organizational innovation in governance, finance and management was comparable in significance."
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

Sources of innovation

There are several sources of innovation. In the linear model of innovation the traditionally recognized source is manufacturer innovation. This is where an agent (person or business) innovates in order to sell the innovation. Another source of innovation, only now becoming widely recognized, is end-user innovation. .This is where an agent (person or company) develops an innovation for their own (personal or in-house) use because existing products do not meet their needs.^ Innovators need to be flexible about how people use their products.
  • INNOVATION MANAGEMENT: Incremental and Radical Innovation Strategies 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.1000ventures.com [Source type: News]
  • How to Change the World: The Art of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.guykawasaki.com [Source type: General]

^ Innovation the creation, development, and implementation of a new product, process, or service with the goal of improving efficiency, effectiveness, or competitive advantage.
  • innovation Resources | BNET 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC resources.bnet.com [Source type: Academic]

^ As impressive as the products [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] This year's Spirit of Innovation Awards feature a diverse array of products--and an equally diverse range of teams and approaches to development.
  • innovation Resources | BNET 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC resources.bnet.com [Source type: Academic]

.Eric von Hippel has identified end-user innovation as, by far, the most important and critical in his classic book on the subject, Sources of Innovation.^ As Solow says, "He was explicit that, while technological innovation was in the long run the most important function of the entrepreneur, organizational innovation in governance, finance and management was comparable in significance."
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

[7]
Joseph F. Engelberger, paraphrasing the conclusion of the 1967 US DoD program "Project Hindsight", says that innovations require only three things:[8] 1. A recognized need, 2. Competent people with relevant technology, and 3. Financial support.
Innovation by businesses is achieved in many ways, with much attention now given to formal research and development for "breakthrough innovations." .But innovations may be developed by less formal on-the-job modifications of practice, through exchange and combination of professional experience and by many other routes.^ LISP demonstrated other important innovations used in many later languages, including polymorphism and unlimited-extent data structures.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Too many people confuse software innovations with other factors, such as the increasing speed of computer and network hardware.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since I haven’t found some sort of consensus of what the most important computing innovations are, I’ve developed this list by selecting events from many other sources.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The more radical and revolutionary innovations tend to emerge from R&D, while more incremental innovations may emerge from practice – but there are many exceptions to each of these trends.
.Regarding user innovation, a great deal of innovation is done by those actually implementing and using technologies and products as part of their normal activities.^ How then do you now organize innovation in a company - when the real experts are those employees closest to the marketplace and the products and services that their clients buy and use?
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As part of my activities during the week, Dean Ernest Wilson hosted a conference on Social Media: Platform of Provocation for Innovation?
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Get as many managers as possible to spend non-trivial time in finance, to develop a "business" perspective on their work—this is especially important regarding innovation activities.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

.Sometimes user-innovators may become entrepreneurs, selling their product, they may choose to trade their innovation in exchange for other innovations, or they may be adopted by their suppliers.^ Such a lab-centric model of knowledge and innovation, relied primarily on the scientists and technologists working in the labs to come up with new ideas and products, which they then threw over the transom to those responsible for marketing, selling and customer support.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (On the other hand, oldie goldies can surprisingly often become hotbeds of new innovation under inspired leadership.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ It may even be counterproductive to preach innovation and fire up the troops if they run smack into barriers that discourage it.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

.Nowadays, they may also choose to freely reveal their innovations, using methods like open source.^ Innovation and creativity don't just appear and where they do already exist, the individuals working in those areas may not know that they are.
  • Planning for Innovation - Practical Theory 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC practicaltheory.org [Source type: General]

^ In 1978, Donald Knuth revealed his program Metafont, which generated fonts as well (this work went hand-in-hand with his work on the open source typesetting program TeX, which is still widely used for producing typeset papers with significant mathematical content).
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In particular, integrating functions to prevent customers from using a competitor’s product is “predation,” not “innovation.” An “innovation” is not a product, either, although a product may embody or contain innovations.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In such networks of innovation the users or communities of users can further develop technologies and reinvent their social meaning.^ Twelve such documents have so far been developed, on topics ranging from mobile technologies to reinventing sustainable developments .
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was based on the “Social Media Implications for Business” panel I moderated during my recent week as Innovator in Residence at USC’s Annenberg School of Communications and Journalism .
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were seven such Groups: Economy, Education, Energy & Environment, Health Care, Immigration, National Security, and Technology, Innovation & Government Reform.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9]
.Whether innovation is mainly supply-pushed (based on new technological possibilities) or demand-led (based on social needs and market requirements) has been a hotly debated topic.^ Innovation can be considered in terms of the product or process Components that are involved, the Function of the product or process, the Principle, and the resultant Value (normally, these are technologically-based performance and cost parameters.
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I would argue that to excel in the public services market, we need to aim our innovation efforts towards creating transformational libraries.

^ A plan to build on proven technology follows a stable migration path for adopting new technological innovations.
  • Web Development: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.december.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Similarly, what exactly drives innovation in organizations and economies remains an open question.
.More recent theoretical work moves beyond this simple dualistic problem, and through empirical work shows that innovation does not just happen within the industrial supply-side, or as a result of the articulation of user demand, but through a complex set of processes that links many different players together – not only developers and users, but a wide variety of intermediary organisations such as consultancies, standards bodies etc.^ All the ways in which the world works - from transportation, to energy, to healthcare, to commerce, to education, to security, to food and water and beyond - come together in our cities.” .
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our respondents believe that aiming for innovation through overt processes (systems and structures) and talent development is paramount to creating a culture that is agile enough to address complex challenges."
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Just when I thought innovation—or "design thinking"—couldn't get much hotter, I see that BusinessWeek has launched a quarterly magazine within the magazine: Inside Innovation .
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

.Work on social networks suggests that much of the most successful innovation occurs at the boundaries of organisations and industries where the problems and needs of users, and the potential of technologies can be linked together in a creative process that challenges both.^ It aims to bring together the disciplines of design, engineering, technology and business to address jointly the challenges of innovation in an increasingly global, competitive economy.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For over a dozen years now the concept of collaborative innovation has been at the center of much of my work.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is most often the years of hard work in the background that really leads to innovation.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

Value of experimentation

.When an innovative idea requires a new business model, or radically redesigns the delivery of value to focus on the customer, a real world experimentation approach increases the chances of market success.^ Such a lab-centric model of knowledge and innovation, relied primarily on the scientists and technologists working in the labs to come up with new ideas and products, which they then threw over the transom to those responsible for marketing, selling and customer support.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some would say it created a new business model: the preeminence of the 33 1/3 RPM album.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Our STIR lecture - CROSS OVER: how a new approach to architecture is inspiring a new architecture for business - aimed to “explore not only how a radical approach to design has inspired a new genre in the built environment, but also how this approach can be applied to designing a new architecture for business.” .
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.New business models and customer experiences can't be tested through traditional market research methods.^ We do this through developing new learning models, research and public engagement.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such a lab-centric model of knowledge and innovation, relied primarily on the scientists and technologists working in the labs to come up with new ideas and products, which they then threw over the transom to those responsible for marketing, selling and customer support.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some would say it created a new business model: the preeminence of the 33 1/3 RPM album.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

Pilot programs for new innovations set the path in stone too early thus increasing the costs of failure. .On the other hand, the good news is that recent years have seen considerable progress in identifying important key factors/principles or variables that affect the probability of success in innovation.^ (On the other hand, oldie goldies can surprisingly often become hotbeds of new innovation under inspired leadership.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ A collection of observations, news and resources on the changing nature of innovation, technology, leadership, and other subjects.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a key factor in the quality of life for people around the world, arguably the single most important factor that impacts the prosperity of any society.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Of course, building successful businesses is such a complicated process, involving subtle interdependencies among so many variables in dynamic systems, that it is unlikely to ever be made perfectly predictable.^ We can measure entire ecosystems - whole supply chains, business processes, cities, healthcare networks, even natural systems like forests and rivers.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But the more business can master the variables and experiment, the more they will be able to create new companies, products, processes and services that achieve what they hope to achieve.^ Many companies are now beyond lip service, but a long way from fully incorporating design and experience creation into the heart of the company culture.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ The selection process will ensure that they have very good operational skills and have experience in managing different kinds of functions in the organization - finance, sales, customer service, HR, manufacturing, logistics - or all of them in the case of good general managers.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The scientific and technological knowledge resulting from such research, then made its way to new products and services in the private sector, and advanced weapons for the military.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10]
.Stefan Thomke of Harvard Business School has written a definitive book on the importance of experimentation.^ His second book, The Innovator's Solution - co-written with Michael Raynor – is a comprehensive guide to innovation in all aspects of a business.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Clayton Christensen is Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Experimentation Matters argues that every company's ability to innovate depends on a series of experiments [successful or not], that help create new products and services or improve old ones.^ There are no guarantees of success—but the ideas are worthy of serious consideration in small organizations as well as large ones.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Many companies are now beyond lip service, but a long way from fully incorporating design and experience creation into the heart of the company culture.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ The scientific and technological knowledge resulting from such research, then made its way to new products and services in the private sector, and advanced weapons for the military.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

That period between the earliest point in the design cycle and the final release should be filled with experimentation, failure, analysis, and yet another round of experimentation. "Lather, rinse, repeat," Thomke says. .Unfortunately, uncertainty often causes the most able innovators to bypass the experimental stage.^ It is most often the years of hard work in the background that really leads to innovation.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

In his book, Thomke outlines six principles companies can follow to unlock their innovative potential.
.
  1. Anticipate and exploit early information through 'front-loaded' innovation processes
  2. Experiment frequently but do not overload your organization
  3. Integrate new and traditional technologies to unlock performance
  4. Organize for rapid experimentation
  5. Fail early and often but avoid 'mistakes'
  6. Manage projects as experiments.^ Through our conferences and events, and leading-edge information and audio visual technology, we work to give new meaning to the concept of distance learning.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Creating a process, preferably Web-driven, for project managers to cobble teams together for the long haul or for a 48-hour project is essential.
    • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Computing has constantly changed shape and location - mainly as a result of new technology, but often also because of shifts in demand."
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [11]
Thomke further explores what would happen if the principles outlined above were used beyond the confines of the individual organization. .For instance, in the state of Rhode Island, innovators are collaboratively leveraging the state's compact geography, economic and demographic diversity and close-knit networks to quickly and cost-effectively test new business models through a real-world experimentation lab.^ Such a lab-centric model of knowledge and innovation, relied primarily on the scientists and technologists working in the labs to come up with new ideas and products, which they then threw over the transom to those responsible for marketing, selling and customer support.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Internet, and all the social media platforms and applications in its wake have been one of the major enablers of collaborative innovation the world has ever known.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some would say it created a new business model: the preeminence of the 33 1/3 RPM album.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

[citation needed]

Diffusion

InnovationLifeCycle.jpg
.Once innovation occurs, innovations may be spread from the innovator to other individuals and groups.^ Innovation and creativity don't just appear and where they do already exist, the individuals working in those areas may not know that they are.
  • Planning for Innovation - Practical Theory 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC practicaltheory.org [Source type: General]

^ On the road towards a more comprehensive definition for innovation, we may find genuine and innovative approaches in numerous other disciplines, varying from economics to psychology.
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The other major groups of industrial innovation (learning, leadership, and customer) also have their unique sub-structures.
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This process has been proposed that the life cycle of innovations can be described using the 's-curve' or diffusion curve.^ To bring the innovation imperative to life with a concrete example, I use the IBM near-death experience that I lived through in the early 1990s.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The s-curve maps growth of revenue or productivity against time. .In the early stage of a particular innovation, growth is relatively slow as the new product establishes itself.^ "This (innovation) life cycle is an S-shaped logistic curve consisting of three distinct phases: emergence (the development of the product or service, its manufacturing capabilities, and its place in the market), growth (where the product family pervades the market), and maturity (where the market is saturated and growth slows)."
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In this sense, the cost of capital is crucial not only at the early stages of research and product development but also at the later stages when high-technology products are installed in production processes, in both manufacturing and service industries, as new tools to improve worker effectiveness."
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I am sure that in those domains innovation is not confined to bringing new products to the marketplace.
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At some point customers begin to demand and the product growth increases more rapidly.^ But once some was available, other providers of information and services had users/customers, enticing them to use the WWW, causing an exponential increase in use.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The authors of The Granularity of Growth explain why the best strategies begin with a precise understanding of market and product opportunities.
  • Strategy - Innovation articles from McKinsey Quarterly 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.mckinseyquarterly.com [Source type: News]

^ Strategic Innovation is the creation of growth strategies , new product categories , services or business models that change the game and generate significant new value for customers and the corporation...
  • INNOVATION: Bringing New Ideas to Life (Your first-ever Business e-Coach) 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.1000ventures.com [Source type: General]
  • INNOVATION MANAGEMENT: Incremental and Radical Innovation Strategies 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.1000ventures.com [Source type: News]

.New incremental innovations or changes to the product allow growth to continue.^ The creation and adoption of new products, services, technologies and business models drives economic growth.
  • Innovation - Brookings Institution 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.brookings.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So take a journey through our list of innovation killers, and find out if your company is crushing good ideas or allowing growth and change to flourish.
  • Seven Highly Effective Ways to Kill Innovation (and Seven to Make Sure You Don't) - CIO.com - Business Technology Leadership 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.cio.com [Source type: General]

^ A collection of observations, news and resources on the changing nature of innovation, technology, leadership, and other subjects.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Towards the end of its life cycle growth slows and may even begin to decline.^ "This (innovation) life cycle is an S-shaped logistic curve consisting of three distinct phases: emergence (the development of the product or service, its manufacturing capabilities, and its place in the market), growth (where the product family pervades the market), and maturity (where the market is saturated and growth slows)."
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A target is not an end in itself but a goalpost, a desirable policy objective to strive towards where progress can be made even if the target is ultimately not reached.

.In the later stages, no amount of new investment in that product will yield a normal rate of return.^ In this sense, the cost of capital is crucial not only at the early stages of research and product development but also at the later stages when high-technology products are installed in production processes, in both manufacturing and service industries, as new tools to improve worker effectiveness."
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the world is flat, any new innovation will be cloned sooner or later in India and elsewhere, no matter where it is created.
  • The State of Innovation in India 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.readwriteweb.com [Source type: General]

^ (NIH, but imported to the company who is now going to product it for the first time) (4) new-to-the-world (never been done before; no market exists).
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The s-curve derives from an assumption that new products are likely to have "product Life". i.e. a start-up phase, a rapid increase in revenue and eventual decline. In fact the great majority of innovations never get off the bottom of the curve, and never produce normal returns.
.Innovative companies will typically be working on new innovations that will eventually replace older ones.^ Innovative companies build innovation cultures."

^ At the least, there is always the hope that there will be new innovations, ones that we have not even heard of yet.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With all processes of web development operating continuously and working together, an innovator can monitor the users' information environments to identify users' new needs.
  • Web Development: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.december.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Successive s-curves will come along to replace older ones and continue to drive growth upwards.^ Cisco’s Borderless Networks initiative comes at a time when network technology is more important than ever before in driving growth and ROI for businesses.
  • Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blogs.cisco.com [Source type: General]

^ For me MSFT is one of the best innovators along with Intel......controlled growth and continuous innovation......
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the figure above the first curve shows a current technology. .The second shows an emerging technology that current yields lower growth but will eventually overtake current technology and lead to even greater levels of growth.^ They showed how businesses today can use this emerging technology for cost-effective and powerful computing solutions.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The length of life will depend on many factors.

Goals

.Programs of organizational innovation are typically tightly linked to organizational goals and objectives, to the business plan, and to market competitive positioning.^ Have the team implement the technology, the content, the user interface design, the business plan, and the marketing plan in parallel.

^ Managing a large, global organization is indeed very difficult, especially in our unpredictable, emergent , fast changing and intensely competitive market environment.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Innovation : Reinvent continually your business model , organization , processes , technologies, products, and marketing strategies .
  • INNOVATION MANAGEMENT: Incremental and Radical Innovation Strategies 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.1000ventures.com [Source type: News]

One driver for innovation programs in corporations is to achieve growth objectives. As Davila et al. (2006) note,
"Companies cannot grow through cost reduction and reengineering alone... Innovation is the key element in providing aggressive top-line growth, and for increasing bottom-line results" (p.6)
.In general, business organisations spend a significant amount of their turnover on innovation, such as making changes to their established products, processes and services.^ In most companies, just about all the cards are stacked against the nurturing of innovation, especially the kinds of new ideas and disruptive innovations that generally lead to major changes in the marketplace and within the business.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The scientific and technological knowledge resulting from such research, then made its way to new products and services in the private sector, and advanced weapons for the military.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Get as many managers as possible to spend non-trivial time in finance, to develop a "business" perspective on their work—this is especially important regarding innovation activities.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

The amount of investment can vary from as low as a half a percent of turnover for organisations with a low rate of change to anything over twenty percent of turnover for organisations with a high rate of change.
The average investment across all types of organizations is four percent. For an organisation with a turnover of one billion currency units, this would represent an investment of forty million units. .This budget will typically be spread across various functions including marketing, product design, information systems, manufacturing systems and quality assurance.^ Information quality has much in common with product quality.
  • Web Development: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.december.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before that time, most manufacturing plants were fairly inefficient by almost any contemporary measure, and were turning out products of varying quality.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While Pages 1.0 may not have revolutionized the markets it was going for, it was at least a quality product.
  • How to Change the World: The Art of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.guykawasaki.com [Source type: General]

The investment may vary by industry and by market positioning.
One survey[citation needed] across a large number of manufacturing and services organisations found, ranked in decreasing order of popularity, that systematic programs of organizational innovation are most frequently driven by:
  1. Improved quality
  2. Creation of new markets
  3. Extension of the product range
  4. Reduced labour costs
  5. Improved production processes
  6. Reduced materials
  7. Reduced environmental damage
  8. Replacement of products/services
  9. Reduced energy consumption
  10. Conformance to regulations
.These goals vary between improvements to products, processes and services and dispel a popular myth that innovation deals mainly with new product development.^ These services use new technology, but the real innovation is in process, training and branding.
  • The State of Innovation in India 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.readwriteweb.com [Source type: General]

^ In this way, innovators can aggressively meet the defined audience's needs and purpose, and identify new services before competitor webs.
  • Web Development: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.december.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Innovation is a process of taking new ideas through to satisfied customers.
  • INNOVATION: Bringing New Ideas to Life (Your first-ever Business e-Coach) 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.1000ventures.com [Source type: General]

.Most of the goals could apply to any organisation be it a manufacturing facility, marketing firm, hospital or local government.^ Once each local car model is in production in its micro-factory, each customer helps assemble his own car at this local sales/manufacturing facility/service location.

Failure

.Research findings vary, ranging from fifty to ninety percent of innovation projects judged to have made little or no contribution to organizational goals.^ Obvious or not, innovating organizations are collections of energized project teams—with functional affiliations secondary.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ The heart of an innovation that goes in a wonderfully unpredicted direction is very likely to have come from a contribution by a "secondary"-to-the-project functional expert.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Among other things, they act as mentors for innovation projects, including small ones three or four levels down in the organization.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

.One survey regarding product innovation quotes that out of three thousand ideas for new products, only one becomes a success in the marketplace.^ An useful innovation has to be useful , and not just be a new idea.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An innovation is a new idea .
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A three-part multimedia feature explores how design firm Alessi manages innovation—from working with collaborators, to how design constraints help shape products, to assessing new innovations’ potential.
  • Strategy - Innovation articles from McKinsey Quarterly 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.mckinseyquarterly.com [Source type: News]

.October 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Failure is an inevitable part of the innovation process, and most successful organisations factor in an appropriate level of risk.^ Per #41 immediately above, the evaluation process must focus on risk-taking, innovations launched, "excellent failures" as one exec puts it.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

.Perhaps it is because all organisations experience failure that many choose not to monitor the level of failure very closely.^ After all, in my experience, the people have been very nice in just about all countries I have been to around the world.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The impact of failure goes beyond the simple loss of investment. .Failure can also lead to loss of morale among employees, an increase in cynicism and even higher resistance to change in the future.^ Failure to innovate will invariably get a company into serious trouble, perhaps even impacting its ability to survive into the future, especially in times of rapid change and fierce competition.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With increasing frequency, senior executives have to make major strategic decisions which could have a huge impact on the future of the company, - perhaps even its very survival .
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Innovations that fail are often potentially good ideas but have been rejected or postponed due to budgetary constraints, lack of skills or poor fit with current goals. Failures should be identified and screened out as early in the process as possible. Early screening avoids unsuitable ideas devouring scarce resources that are needed to progress more beneficial ones. .Organizations can learn how to avoid failure when it is openly discussed and debated.^ They were learning how difficult it was to drive change in the organization.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now there are discussions of human - learning innovation, as well as market innovation and leadership - organization innovation.
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The lessons learned from failure often reside longer in the organisational consciousness than lessons learned from success. .While learning is important, high failure rates throughout the innovation process are wasteful and a threat to the organisation's future.^ We believe that there has been an evolution of the definitions from a focus on technology and linear models to more robust systems dynamics which focus on the flow of knowledge, and learning throughout the innovation value-system.
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The causes of failure have been widely researched and can vary considerably. Some causes will be external to the organisation and outside its influence of control. .Others will be internal and ultimately within the control of the organisation.^ If you are betting OTC derivatives, other banks, with half way decent internal controls, start calling you up and asking for more collateral.

.Internal causes of failure can be divided into causes associated with the cultural infrastructure and causes associated with the innovation process itself.^ Per #41 immediately above, the evaluation process must focus on risk-taking, innovations launched, "excellent failures" as one exec puts it.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ However, McCarthy realized that a program could itself be represented as a list, refining the approach into a flexible system fundamentally based on list processing.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In those cases, people are feeling multiple rapid social changes, caused by the widespread availability of a technology, rather than multiple rapid changes and innovations in the technology itself.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Failure in the cultural infrastructure varies between organizations but the following are common across all organisations at some stage in their life cycle (O'Sullivan, 2002):
  1. Poor Leadership
  2. Poor Organization
  3. Poor Communication
  4. Poor Empowerment
  5. Poor Knowledge Management
Common causes of failure within the innovation process in most organisations can be distilled into five types:
  1. Poor goal definition
  2. Poor alignment of actions to goals
  3. Poor participation in teams
  4. Poor monitoring of results
  5. Poor communication and access to information
.Effective goal definition requires that organisations state explicitly what their goals are in terms understandable to everyone involved in the innovation process.^ Innovation, like falling in love, requires a certain state of mind.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This often involves stating goals in a number of ways. Effective alignment of actions to goals should link explicit actions such as ideas and projects to specific goals. It also implies effective management of action portfolios. Participation in teams refers to the behaviour of individuals in and of teams, and each individual should have an explicitly allocated responsibility regarding their role in goals and actions and the payment and rewards systems that link them to goal attainment. .Finally, effective monitoring of results requires the monitoring of all goals, actions and teams involved in the innovation process.^ They must especially be part of all innovation teams.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

Innovation can fail if seen as an organisational process whose success stems from a mechanistic approach i.e. 'pull lever obtain result'. While 'driving' change has an emphasis on control, enforcement and structure it is only a partial truth in achieving innovation. .Organisational gatekeepers frame the organisational environment that "Enables" innovation; however innovation is "Enacted" – recognised, developed, applied and adopted – through individuals.^ Let me discuss some of the behaviors I have observed through the years in various companies, which have convinced me how difficult it is to create the proper environment for innovation to flourish.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Individuals are the 'atom' of the organisation close to the minutiae of daily activities. .Within individuals gritty appreciation of the small detail combines with a sense of desired organisational objectives to deliver (and innovate for) a product/service offer.^ They may not know or care about the products or services you offer.

^ An “innovation” is not simply combining two functions into a single product - that’s “integration” and usually doesn’t require any significant innovation (just hard work).
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Innovation is the conversion of new knowledge into new products and services.
  • INNOVATION MANAGEMENT: Incremental and Radical Innovation Strategies 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.1000ventures.com [Source type: News]

.From this perspective innovation succeeds from strategic structures that engage the individual to the organisation's benefit.^ However, we can still use this structure to develop innovation strategies (strategic innovation plans) for businesses, innovation strategies for regions (regional systems of innovation), innovation-oriented appraisals and benchmarking, as well as innovation surveys.
  • TIJ Articles: An Exchange on the Definition of Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.innovation.cc [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Innovation pivots on intrinsically motivated individuals, within a supportive culture, informed by a broad sense of the future.^ It's not that HR has to "support" a culture of innovation.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

Innovation, implies change, and can be counter to an organisation's orthodoxy. Space for fair hearing of innovative ideas is required to balance the potential autoimmune exclusion that quells an infant innovative culture.

Measures

.There are two fundamentally different types of measures for innovation: the organizational level and the political level.^ There is a compelling and disciplined "execution" thread that is central to the innovating organization.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Among other things, they act as mentors for innovation projects, including small ones three or four levels down in the organization.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ According to Carlson and Doyle, a truly complex system must consist of many different kinds of parts, intricate organizations and highly different structures at different levels of scale.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The measure of innovation at the organizational level relates to individuals, team-level assessments, private companies from the smallest to the largest.^ We were organized into four sub-teams: Innovation and Government, Innovation and National Priorities, Innovation and Science, and Innovation and Civil Society.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Top team members in innovative enterprises take innovation personally—from the top to the bottom of the organization.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ How then do you now organize innovation in a company - when the real experts are those employees closest to the marketplace and the products and services that their clients buy and use?
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Measure of innovation for organizations can be conducted by surveys, workshops, consultants or internal benchmarking. There is today no established general way to measure organizational innovation. .Corporate measurements are generally structured around balanced scorecards which cover several aspects of innovation such as business measures related to finances, innovation process efficiency, employees' contribution and motivation, as well benefits for customers.^ Get as many managers as possible to spend non-trivial time in finance, to develop a "business" perspective on their work—this is especially important regarding innovation activities.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

.Measured values will vary widely between businesses, covering for example new product revenue, spending in R&D, time to market, customer and employee perception & satisfaction, number of patents, additional sales resulting from past innovations.^ I was delighted to read an article in Sunday's New York Times business section titled "Eureka!
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Such a lab-centric model of knowledge and innovation, relied primarily on the scientists and technologists working in the labs to come up with new ideas and products, which they then threw over the transom to those responsible for marketing, selling and customer support.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The scientific and technological knowledge resulting from such research, then made its way to new products and services in the private sector, and advanced weapons for the military.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For the political level, measures of innovation are more focussing on a country or region competitive advantage through innovation. In this context, organizational capabilities can be evaluated through various evaluation frameworks, such as those of the European Foundation for Quality Management. The OECD Oslo Manual (1995) suggests standard guidelines on measuring technological product and process innovation. .Some people consider the Oslo Manual complementary to the Frascati Manual from 1963. The new Oslo manual from 2005 takes a wider perspective to innovation, and includes marketing and organizational innovation.^ Top team members in innovative enterprises take innovation personally—from the top to the bottom of the organization.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ An "innovation culture" in HR is arguably more important than an innovation culture in marketing and new product development.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ The innovating organization is focused on "new stuff," "cool stuff"—but is pragmatic to a fault.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

These standards are used for example in the European Community Innovation Surveys.
Other ways of measuring innovation have traditionally been expenditure, for example, investment in R&D (Research and Development) as percentage of GNP (Gross National Product). .Whether this is a good measurement of Innovation has been widely discussed and the Oslo Manual has incorporated some of the critique against earlier methods of measuring.^ Let me discuss some of the behaviors I have observed through the years in various companies, which have convinced me how difficult it is to create the proper environment for innovation to flourish.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This being said, the traditional methods of measuring still inform many policy decisions. The EU Lisbon Strategy has set as a goal that their average expenditure on R&D should be 3 % of GNP.
The Oslo Manual is focused on North America, Europe, and other rich economies. In 2001 for Latin America and the Caribbean countries it was created the Bogota Manual
Many scholars claim that there is a great bias towards the "science and technology mode" (S&T-mode or STI-mode), while the "learning by doing, using and interacting mode" (DUI-mode) is widely ignored. .For an example, that means you can have the better high tech or software, but there are also crucial learning tasks important for innovation.^ It's also an unparalleled engine of innovation, the mecca of high tech, biotech, and now cleantech.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

But these measurements and research are rarely done.
.A common industry view (unsupported by empirical evidence) is that comparative cost-effectiveness research (CER) is a form of price control which, by reducing returns to industry, limits R&D expenditure, stifles future innovation and compromises new products access to markets.^ Such a lab-centric model of knowledge and innovation, relied primarily on the scientists and technologists working in the labs to come up with new ideas and products, which they then threw over the transom to those responsible for marketing, selling and customer support.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The scientific and technological knowledge resulting from such research, then made its way to new products and services in the private sector, and advanced weapons for the military.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An "innovation culture" in HR is arguably more important than an innovation culture in marketing and new product development.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

[12] .Some academics claim the CER is a valuable value-based measure of innovation which accords truly significant advances in therapy (those that provide 'health gain') higher prices than free market mechanisms.^ But fortunately, advances in technology, science and engineering are providing us with all kinds of new knowledge, innovations and concrete tools to help us in this monumental undertaking.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An "innovation culture" in HR is arguably more important than an innovation culture in marketing and new product development.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Some examples I am seeing include rigid organization structures, project teams being populated by those who are available rather than those who are necessary, resource allocation that doesn't value investment in innovation, and metrics that reward traditional practices over innovative approaches.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

[13] .Such value-based pricing has been viewed as a means of indicating to industry the type of innovation that should be rewarded from the public purse.^ I believe that this is another indicator of the massive shift that is taking place in the very nature of innovation, as we are transitioning from an industrial to a knowledge-based economy.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was not all that long ago that innovation was viewed as something that took place almost exclusively in academia, as well as in R&D labs in the private and public sectors.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14] .The Australian academic Thomas Alured Faunce has developed the case that national comparative cost-effectiveness assessment systems should be viewed as measuring 'health innovation' as an evidence-based concept distinct from valuing innovation through the operation of competitive markets (a method which requires strong anti-trust laws to be effective) on the basis that both methods of assessing innovation in pharmaceuticals are mentioned in annex 2C.1 of the AUSFTA.^ Our respondents believe that aiming for innovation through overt processes (systems and structures) and talent development is paramount to creating a culture that is agile enough to address complex challenges."
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Both emphasize the role of failure and the unplanned—the twin centerpieces of effective innovation.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ So from FP&L to Motorola to GE, 3M, and Home Depot we see the value of "system madness"—but also the devastation of an innovation "culture," à la 3M, that seems to accompany it.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

[15][16][17]
Political Level Studies
.There are several international benchmarking studies of the innovation performance of countries ( above called the political level), Global Innovation Index (below) being one.^ In the fifty years or so since there as been an IT industry, this would be only the third such model, centralized and client-server computing being the two previous ones.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Foundation was started in 2003 by Bankinter , - one of the largest commercial banks in Spain, - in order to foster entrepreneurial innovation in the country.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The overriding theme of the 2006 Global CEO Study was innovation.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other examples are Richard Florida´s index for the Creative Class and the Innovation Capacity Index (ICI)[2] published by a large number of international professors working in a collaborative fashion.^ Innovation is to a large extent a "numbers game": He-she who tries the most stuff wins.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Why are there no men's urinals on planes, as there are in just about every other venue where men and women co-exist in large numbers?
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ For over a dozen years now the concept of collaborative innovation has been at the center of much of my work.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The top scorers of ICI 2009-2010 being:1.Sweden 82.2, 2. Finland 77.8, 3. United States 3 77.5.
.The Global Innovation Index is a global index measuring the level of innovation of a country, produced jointly by The Boston Consulting Group (BCG), the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM), and The Manufacturing Institute (MI), the NAM's nonpartisan research affiliate.^ It aims to bring together the disciplines of design, engineering, technology and business to address jointly the challenges of innovation in an increasingly global, competitive economy.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were seven such Groups: Economy, Education, Energy & Environment, Health Care, Immigration, National Security, and Technology, Innovation & Government Reform.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

NAM describes it as the "largest and most comprehensive global index of its kind".[18]
.The International Innovation Index is part of a large research study that looked at both the business outcomes of innovation and government's ability to encourage and support innovation through public policy.^ Celebrating these events, large and small and very small, is a fullscale part of the "innovation culture."
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Permalink Innovate or Die: The Innovation110 A Menu of [Essential] Innovation Tactics Part Three: Tactic #43 through #72 .
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Permalink Innovate or Die: The Innovation110 A Menu of [Essential] Innovation Tactics Part Two: Tactic #17 through #42 .
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

.The study comprised a survey of more than 1,000 senior executives from NAM member companies across all industries; in-depth interviews with 30 of the executives; and a comparison of the "innovation friendliness" of 110 countries and all 50 U.S. states.^ But more interesting is Inside Innovation 's choice for its top 25 Champions of Innovation (C-suite executives from Chief Innovation Officers to Chief Marketing Officers) who are hell-bent on transforming their companies' cultures in pursuit of design thinking: nearly 70% are women.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ In her article, Ms. Dupree states that innovation is much more than the aha!
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ Amid a set of speakers with more or less formulas for success, I made my contrarian case, what else, for the inherent and irreducible messiness of all innovation efforts—and the implications of that perpetually chaotic state for organizing and applying talent.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

.The findings are published in the report, "The Innovation Imperative in Manufacturing: How the United States Can Restore Its Edge."^ This excellent report represents the findings of a major study on the role of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) to innovation in the services sector.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19]
.The report discusses not only country performance but also what companies are doing and should be doing to spur innovation.^ The special report defines entrepreneurship as something that applies not only to new or small companies.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It looks at new policy indicators for innovation, including tax incentives and policies for immigration, education and intellectual property.^ There were seven such Groups: Economy, Education, Energy & Environment, Health Care, Immigration, National Security, and Technology, Innovation & Government Reform.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The latest index was published in March 2009.[20] To rank the countries, the study measured both innovation inputs and outputs.^ Posted on March 09, 2009 at 06:00 AM in Complex Systems , Education and Talent , Innovation , Management and Leadership , Society and Culture .
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Posted on July 20, 2009 at 06:00 AM in Complex Systems , Education and Talent , Innovation , Management and Leadership , Technology and Strategy .
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Posted on April 20, 2009 at 06:00 AM in Economic Issues , Innovation , Management and Leadership , Society and Culture .
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Innovation inputs included government and fiscal policy, education policy and the innovation environment.^ For the last couple of months I have been a member of the Technology, Innovation & Government Reform (TIGR) transition policy group focusing on innovation and government.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were seven such Groups: Economy, Education, Energy & Environment, Health Care, Immigration, National Security, and Technology, Innovation & Government Reform.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Outputs included patents, technology transfer, and other R&D results; business performance, such as labor productivity and total shareholder returns; and the impact of innovation on business migration and economic growth.^ The scientific and technological knowledge resulting from such research, then made its way to new products and services in the private sector, and advanced weapons for the military.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The half-day conference consisted of two panels : one on the social and technological innovation being brought about by social media, and the other on the implications of social media to business.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is this where two mega-trends in business (innovation and women's leadership) join forces for maximum impact?
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

The following is a list of the twenty largest countries (as measured by GDP) by the International Innovation Index:
Rank Country Overall Innovation Inputs Innovation Performance
1  South Korea 2.26 1.75 2.55
2  United States 1.80 1.28 2.16
3  Japan 1.79 1.16 2.25
4  Sweden 1.64 1.25 1.88
5  Netherlands 1.55 1.40 1.55
6  Canada 1.42 1.39 1.32
7  United Kingdom 1.42 1.33 1.37
8  Germany 1.12 1.05 1.09
9  France 1.12 1.17 0.96
10  Australia 1.02 0.89 1.05
11  Spain 0.93 0.83 0.95
12  Belgium 0.86 0.85 0.79
13  China 0.73 0.07 1.32
14  Italy 0.21 0.16 0.24
15  India 0.06 0.14 -0.02
16  Russia -0.09 -0.02 -0.16
17  Mexico -0.16 0.11 -0.42
18  Turkey -0.21 0.15 -0.55
19  Indonesia -0.57 -0.63 -0.46
20  Brazil -0.59 -0.62 -0.51

Public awareness

Public awareness of innovation is an important part of the innovation process. .This is further discussed in the emerging fields of innovation journalism and innovation communication.^ I spent the first week of November as Innovator in Residence at USC’s Annenberg School of Communication and Journalism .
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was based on the “Social Media Implications for Business” panel I moderated during my recent week as Innovator in Residence at USC’s Annenberg School of Communications and Journalism .
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

See also

References

  • Barras, R. (1984). "Towards a theory of innovation in services". Research Policy 15: 161–73. 
  • Byrd, Jacqueline (2003). .The Innovation Equation – Building Creativity & Risk Taking in your Organization.^ Per #41 immediately above, the evaluation process must focus on risk-taking, innovations launched, "excellent failures" as one exec puts it.
    • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Top team members in innovative enterprises take innovation personally—from the top to the bottom of the organization.
    • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

    San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer – Aprint. ISBN 0-7879-6250-3.
     
  • Cabral, Regis (1998). "Refining the Cabral-Dahab Science Park Management Paradigm". Int. .J. Technology Management 16 (8): 813–818. doi:10.1504/IJTM.1998.002694. .
  • Cabral, Regis (2003).^ Posted on November 16, 2009 at 06:00 AM in Education and Talent , Innovation , Management and Leadership , Society and Culture , Technology and Strategy , Virtual Worlds .
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    "Development, Science and". in Heilbron, J.. The Oxford Companion to The History of Modern Science. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 205–207. 
  • Chakravorti, Bhaskar (2003). .The Slow Pace of Fast Change: Bringing Innovations to Market in a Connected World.^ Managing a large, global organization is indeed very difficult, especially in our unpredictable, emergent , fast changing and intensely competitive market environment.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Crowdsourcing stands a good chance of radically changing the world of innovation!
    • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

    ^ But, managing is particularly tough given our fast changing, global, intensely competitive market environment.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press. 
  • Chesbrough, Henry William (2003).^ Clayton Christensen is Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology.^ But fortunately, advances in technology, science and engineering are providing us with all kinds of new knowledge, innovations and concrete tools to help us in this monumental undertaking.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A collection of observations, news and resources on the changing nature of innovation, technology, leadership, and other subjects.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Enthusiasts as bosses is a "no option" imperative—if you want to create an "innovation machine" in organizations of any size.
    • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

    .Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press..^ Clayton Christensen is Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 1-57851-837-7. 
  • Christensen, Clayton M. (1997). The Innovator's Dilemma. .Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.^ Clayton Christensen is Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-06-052199-6.
     
  • Christensen, Clayton M. (2002). "The Rules of Innovation". Technology Review 105 (5): 32–38. 
  • Davila, Tony; Marc J. Epstein and Robert Shelton (2006). .Making Innovation Work: How to Manage It, Measure It, and Profit from It.^ Get as many managers as possible to spend non-trivial time in finance, to develop a "business" perspective on their work—this is especially important regarding innovation activities.
    • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

    Upper Saddle River: Wharton School Publishing. ISBN 0-13-149786-3.
     
  • Dosi, Giovanni (1982). "Technological paradigms and technological trajectories". Research Policy 11 (3): 147–162. 
  • Ettlie, John E. (2006). Managing Innovation (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heineman, an imprint of Elsevier. ISBN 0-7506-7895-X. 
  • Evangelista, Rinaldo (2000). "Sectoral patterns of technological change in services, economics of innovation". Economics of Innovation and New Technology 9: 183–221. doi:10.1080/10438590000000008. 
  • Fagerberg, Jan (2004). "Innovation: A Guide to the Literature". in Fagerberg, Jan, David C. Mowery and Richard R. Nelson. The Oxford Handbook of Innovations. Oxford University Press. pp. 1–26. ISBN 0-19-926455-4. 
  • Freeman, Chris (1984). "Prometheus Unbound". Futures 16 (5): 494–507.. doi:10.1016/0016-3287(84)90080-6. 
  • Freeman, Chris (1982). The Economics of Industrial Innovation. Frances Pinter, London. 
  • Hesselbein, Frances, Marshall Goldsmith, and Iain Sommerville, ed (2002). Leading for Innovation: And organizing for results. Jossey-Bass. ISBN 0–7879–5359–8. 
  • Hitcher, Waldo (2006). Innovation Paradigm Replaced. Wiley. 
  • Luecke, Richard; Ralph Katz (2003). Managing Creativity and Innovation. .Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.^ Clayton Christensen is Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 1-59139-112-1.
     
  • Mansfield, Edwin (1985). "How Rapidly Does New Industrial Technology Leak Out?". Journal of Industrial Economics 34 (2): 217–223.. doi:10.2307/2098683. 
  • Miles, Ian (2000). "Services Innovation: Coming of Age in the Knowledge Based Economy". International Journal of Innovation Management 14 (4): 371–389.. doi:10.1016/S1363-9196(00)00020-2. 
  • Miles, Ian (2004). "Innovation in Services". in Fagerberg, Jan, David C. Mowery and Richard R. Nelson. The Oxford Handbook of Innovations. Oxford University Press. pp. 433–458. ISBN 0–19–926455–4. 
  • Nelson, Richard; Winter, S (1977). ."In search of a useful theory of Innovation". Research Policy 6 (1): 36–76. doi:10.1016/0048-7333(77)90029-4. 
  • OECD The Measurement of Scientific and Technological Activities.^ The scientific and technological knowledge resulting from such research, then made its way to new products and services in the private sector, and advanced weapons for the military.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Proposed Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Technological Innovation Data. Oslo Manual.
    2nd edition, DSTI, OECD / European Commission Eurostat, Paris 31 Dec 1995.
  • O'Sullivan, David (2002). "Framework for Managing Development in the Networked Organisations". Journal of Computers in Industry (Elsevier Science Publishers B. V.) 47 (1): 77–88. doi:10.1016/S0166-3615(01)00135-X. ISSN 0166–3615. 
  • Rogers, Everett M. (1962). Diffusion of Innovation. .New York, NY: Free Press. 
  • Rosenberg, Nathan (1975).^ As a free standing, system wide institute within the State University of New York (SUNY) we meld management school curricula with those of schools of international relations.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Perspectives on Technology. Cambridge, London and N.Y.: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Sarkar, Soumodip (2007). Innovation, Market Archetypes and Outcome- An Integrated Framework. Springer Verlag. ISBN 379081945X. 
  • Schumpeter, Joseph (1934). .The Theory of Economic Development.^ This was radical stuff in 1911, when Schumpeter's Theory of Economic Development arrived—and remains so today.
    • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

    Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
     
  • Scotchmer, Suzanne (2004). Innovation and Incentives. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 
  • Silvestre, Bruno dos Santos; Dalcol, Paulo Roberto Tavares. "Geographical proximity and innovation: Evidences from the Campos Basin oil & gas industrial agglomeration—Brazil". Technovation (Elsevier) 29 (8): 546–561. doi:10.1016/j.technovation.2009.01.003. ISSN 0166-4972. 
  • Stein, Morris (1974). Stimulating creativity. New York: Academic Press. 
  • Utterback, James M.; Fernando F. Suarez. (1993). "Innovation, Competition, and Industry Structure". Research Policy 22 (1): 1–21. doi:10.1016/0048-7333(93)90030-L. 
  • Veneris, Yannis (1984). The Informational Revolution, Cybernetics and Urban Modelling, PhD Thesis. University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. 
  • Veneris, Yannis (1990). "Modeling the transition from the Industrial to the Informational Revolution". Environment and Planning A 22 (3): 399–416. doi:10.1068/a220399. 
  • von Hippel, Eric (2005). Democratizing Innovation. MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-22074-1. 
  • Woodman, Richard .W.; John E. Sawyer, Ricky W. Griffin (1993). "Toward a theory of organizational creativity". Academy of Management Review 18 (2): 293–321. doi:10.2307/258761. 
  • Wolpert, John (2002). "Breaking Out of the Innovation Box". Harvard Business Review August. 

Inline references

  1. ^ McKeown, Max (2008). The Truth About Innovation. London, UK: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0273719122. 
  2. ^ Fagerberg et al. (2004).
  3. ^ Schumpeter, Joseph (1934). .The Theory of Economic Development.^ This was radical stuff in 1911, when Schumpeter's Theory of Economic Development arrived—and remains so today.
    • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

    Harvard University Press, Boston.
     
  4. ^ Freeman, Christopher (1982). The Economics of Industrial Innovation. Frances Pinter, London.. 
  5. ^ Dosi, Giovanni (1982). "Technological paradigms and technological trajectories". Research Policy 11 (3): 147–162. 
  6. ^ Regis Cabral (1998, 2003)
  7. ^ von Hippel, Eric (1988). The Sources of Innovation. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0–19–509422–0. 
  8. ^ "Robotics in practice: Future capabilities" by Joseph F. Engelberger. in "Electronic Servicing & Technology" magazine 1982 August
  9. ^ Tuomi, Ilkka (2002). Networks of Innovation. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-925698-3. 
  10. ^ Christensen, Clayton (2002). "The Rules of Innovation". Technology Review 105 (5): 32–38.
  11. ^ Thomke, Stefan H. (2003) Experimentation Matters: Unlocking the Potential of New Technologies for Innovation. Harvard Business School Press. ISBN 1578517508. [1]
  12. ^ Chalkidou K, Tunis S, Lopert R, Rochaix L, Sawicki PT, Nasser M, Xerri B. Comparative Effectiveness research and Evidence-Based Health Policy: Experience from Four Countries. The Milbank Quarterly 2009; 87(2): 339-367 at 362-363.
  13. ^ Roughead E, Lopert R and Sansom L. Prices for innovative pharmaceutical products that provide health gain: a comparison between Australia and the United States Value in Health 2007;10:514-20
  14. ^ Hughes B. Payers Growing Influence on R&D Decision Making. Nature Reviews Drugs Discovery 2008; 7: 876-78.
  15. ^ Faunce T, Bai J and Nguyen D. Impact of the Australia-US Free Trade Agreement on Australian medicines regulation and prices. Journal of Generic Medicines 2010; 7(1): 18-29
  16. ^ Faunce TA. Global intellectual property protection of “innovative” pharmaceuticals:Challenges for bioethics and health law in B Bennett and G Tomossy (eds) Globalization and Health Springer 2006 http://law.anu.edu.au/StaffUploads/236-Ch%20Globalisation%20and%20Health%20Fau.pdf . Retrieved 18 June 2009.
  17. ^ Faunce TA. Reference pricing for pharmaceuticals: is the Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement affecting Australia's Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme? Medical Journal of Australia. 2007 Aug 20;187(4):240-2.
  18. ^ "America Ranks #8 In New Global Innovation Index". Nam.org. http://www.nam.org/NewsFromtheNAM.aspx?DID={8D10F9A6-28AE-456D-97EA-340146144190}. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  19. ^ "U.S. Ranks #8 In Global Innovation Index". Industryweek.com. 2009-03-10. http://www.industryweek.com/articles/u-s-_ranks_8_in_global_innovation_index_18638.aspx. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  20. ^ "The Innovation Imperative in Manufacturing: How the United States Can Restore Its Edge" (PDF). http://www.nam.org/innovationreport.pdf. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.The term innovation means a new way of doing something.^ But creating standards for something ephemeral like software was new, so vendor-independent exchange standards for software are being counted as an innovation.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The idea of creating standards is not new, but once something becomes a standard, the idea’s very ubiquity can mean that it will be widely used in places that it wouldn’t be used before.
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It may refer to incremental, radical, and revolutionary changes in thinking, products, processes, or organizations.

Innovation

.
  • He that will not apply new remedies must expect new evils; for time is the greatest innovator.^ But innovations must be given time to see if they are truly important, or simply a fad that will quickly fade away.
    • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Francis Bacon (1561-1626), ‘Of Innovations’, Essays, 24 (1625)
  • As the births of living creatures at first are ill-shapen, so are all Innovations, which are the births of time.^ Moreover, bad times can be the perfect time to get the jump on competitors with innovations if at all possible.
    • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

    • Francis Bacon, ‘Of Innovations’, Essays, 24
  • To innovate is not to reform. .
  • Change is not made without inconvenience, even for worse to better.^ Such standards are critical; standards finally made it possible for users to choose and change their suppliers, and since they could work together even with different suppliers.
    • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • Richar Hooker (1554-1600), As quoted in the Preface of Johnson’s English Dictionary
  • The stone that is rolling can gather no moss;
    For master and servant oft changing is loss. .
    • Thomas Tusser (1524-1580), Five Hundred Points of Good Husbandry, ‘Housewifely Admonitions’
  • Un-Learning is a fundamental requirement of Innovative Thinking.^ As it is a book about the importance of what you don't know, and how we all tend to fool ourselves about what we do know, it requires time to read, absorb, think, and challenge some of your most fundamental ways of learning and seeing the world.
    • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Ashish Kerkar
  • Innovate yourself coz when you get old, it shows...^ If you are an Innovation Obsessive, it will show up in unmistakable fashion on your Calendar.
    • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

    • Srinath Madapathi

Innovation in Business

.
  • The paradox of innovation is this: CEO's often complain about lack of innovation, while workers often say leaders are hostile to new ideas.^ An useful innovation has to be useful , and not just be a new idea.
    • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ An innovation is a new idea .
    • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In most companies, just about all the cards are stacked against the nurturing of innovation, especially the kinds of new ideas and disruptive innovations that generally lead to major changes in the marketplace and within the business.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
  • Here lies one of the world's rare generalized TINAs.^ Not only does he repeatedly come up with great ideas, but he also comes up with innovative ways of communicating his ideas so that they are accessible to lots of people in the business world and the general population.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .There Is No Alternative to creativity and innovation: these days, obscurantism and conservatism will do for you every time.^ Every time you type in a host name such as “www.dwheeler.com”, you’re relying on DNS to translate that name to a numeric address.
    • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There is clearly no set answer, as every industry has its own dynamics, and every company has a different mix of circumstances driving its decisions.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It’s quite possible this paper is still missing some important innovations; please contact me if you have a correction or addition (dwheeler, at dwheeler.com, no spam please).
    • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • Creativity can only survive in organizations in which the climate is empathetic to the whole process. .
    • Simon Majaro, The Creative Gap, Longman (1988)
  • Defined simply, innovation is, of course, the introduction of something new.^ The special report defines entrepreneurship as something that applies not only to new or small companies.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But creating standards for something ephemeral like software was new, so vendor-independent exchange standards for software are being counted as an innovation.
    • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .We presume that the purpose of introducing something new into a process is to bring about major, radical change.^ In most companies, just about all the cards are stacked against the nurturing of innovation, especially the kinds of new ideas and disruptive innovations that generally lead to major changes in the marketplace and within the business.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Most projects invent themselves, rather than being the product of a formal planning process; and their growth into something big is also mostly organic.
    • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

    .Process innovation combines a structure for doing work with an orientation to visible and dramatic results.^ Some innovations are innovative techniques, which aren’t directly visible to software users but have an extraordinary effect on software development (e.g., subroutines and object-orientation) - and these are included in this list of software innovations.
    • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ An “innovation” is not simply combining two functions into a single product - that’s “integration” and usually doesn’t require any significant innovation (just hard work).
    • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It involves stepping back from a process to inquire into its overall business objective, and then effecting creative and radical change to realize order-of-magnitude improvements in the way that objective is accomplished.^ However, McCarthy realized that a program could itself be represented as a list, refining the approach into a flexible system fundamentally based on list processing.
    • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Over the last year, we have started to apply the term smart to our ability to infuse intelligence into the very way the world’s systems and processes work.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Thomas A. Davenport, Process Innovation: Reengineering Work through Information Technology, Harvard Business School Press (1993)
  • Innovation is new stuff that is (made) useful.^ An useful innovation has to be useful , and not just be a new idea.
    • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It will undoubtedly transform the information technology (IT) industry, but it will also profoundly change the way people work and companies operate.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It is thus in a unique position to analyze and influence the impact of information technologies on the world’s news, media and entertainment industries, and on organizations and institutions in general.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
  • To achieve great things, two things are needed: a plan, and not quite enough time.^ The half-day conference consisted of two panels : one on the social and technological innovation being brought about by social media, and the other on the implications of social media to business.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Babbage had apparently been thinking about the problem for some time before this; as with many innovations, pinning down a single date is difficult.
    • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
  • The difficulty lies not in the new ideas, but in escaping from the old ones, which ramify, for those brought up as most of us have been, into every corner of our minds.^ Such a lab-centric model of knowledge and innovation, relied primarily on the scientists and technologists working in the labs to come up with new ideas and products, which they then threw over the transom to those responsible for marketing, selling and customer support.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Then in 2006, an Innovation Jam brought together more than 150,00 people from over one hundred countries, including IBM employees, clients and partners, to help identify the ten most innovative new ideas in which to invest $100 million.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Are there states of mind, measurable by fMRI and similar scientific tools, which strongly indicate that individuals and groups are solving complex problems and coming up with great new ideas?
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
  • Business has only two basic functions—marketing and innovation.^ An “innovation” is not simply combining two functions into a single product - that’s “integration” and usually doesn’t require any significant innovation (just hard work).
    • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The half-day conference consisted of two panels : one on the social and technological innovation being brought about by social media, and the other on the implications of social media to business.
    • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

Crystal Clear app kaddressbook.png
Please help develop this page
This page was created, but so far, little content has been added. Everyone is invited to help expand and create educational content for Wikiversity. .If you need help learning how to add content, see the editing tutorial and the MediaWiki syntax reference.^ As it is a book about the importance of what you don't know, and how we all tend to fool ourselves about what we do know, it requires time to read, absorb, think, and challenge some of your most fundamental ways of learning and seeing the world.
  • tompeters! management consulting leadership training development project management 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.tompeters.com [Source type: General]

^ I am convinced that as we learn more about the workings of our brains, we will learn how different kinds of stimulation best help different parts of our brain, much as we have learned how to best exercise different parts of our bodies.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

To help you get started with content, we have automatically added references below to other Wikimedia Foundation projects. .This will help you find materials such as information, media and quotations on which to base the development of "Innovation" as an educational resource.^ Multics was also the first operating system where, in an innovation developed by Louis Pouzin, what you type at command level is the name of a program to run .
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But, to help prepare graduates to be innovation leaders in the complex world in which they will be living and working, the education needs to reflect the realities of that world.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This kind of information-based intelligence will help us make companies, industries, organizations and economies more efficient, productive and responsive.
  • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Innovation 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC blog.irvingwb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, please do not simply copy-and-paste large chunks from other projects. .You can also use the links in the blue box to help you classify this page by subject, educational level and resource type.^ Multics was also the first operating system where, in an innovation developed by Louis Pouzin, what you type at command level is the name of a program to run .
  • The Most Important Software Innovations 18 January 2010 8:08 UTC www.dwheeler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

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Resources


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also innovation

German

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Innovation
Wikipedia de

Noun

Innovation f. (genitive Innovation, plural Innovationen)
  1. innovation

Simple English

The classic definitions of innovation include:

  1. the introduction of something new. (Merriam-Webster Online)
  2. a new idea, method or device. (Merriam-Webster Online)
  3. the successful exploitation of new ideas (Department of Trade and Industry, UK).
  4. change that creates a new dimension of performance Peter Drucker (Hesselbein, 2002)

In economics, business and government policy,- something new - must be substantially different, not an unimportant change. In economics the change must increase value, customer value, or producer value. Innovations are intended to make someone better off, and the succession of many innovations grows the whole economy.

Other pages

Other websites


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 21, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Innovation, which are similar to those in the above article.








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