Insanity: Wikis

  
  
  

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Engraving of the eighth print of William Hogarth's A Rake's Progress depicting Inmates at Bedlam Asylum
.Insanity, craziness or madness is a spectrum of behaviors characterized by certain abnormal mental or behavioral patterns.^ In contemporary social usage, the finding of mental illness is made by establishing a deviance in behavior from certain psychosocial, ethical, or legal norms.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To accomplish this end, they will imitate the behavior of mentally ill persons or do things which would automatically indicate insanity.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aside from gross 'foolishness,' there are kinds of integrated behavior patterns which indicate mental illness to British Hondurans.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.Insanity may manifest as violations of societal norms, including becoming a danger to themselves and others, though not all such acts are considered insanity.^ They do not behave themselves like members of a society of humans and for this reason they are taken away if they become an impediment to the normal social interaction of others or a danger to themselves.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ People such as this are quite careful about all food and drink and rarely permit their personal effects to be placed where others could have access to them.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ None of the above three men is considered a psychiatric case although the backwards-runner and the kleptomaniac would surely be viewed as such in many other areas of the world.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.In modern usage insanity is most commonly encountered as an informal unscientific term denoting mental instability, or in the narrow legal context of the insanity defense.^ In contemporary social usage, the finding of mental illness is made by establishing a deviance in behavior from certain psychosocial, ethical, or legal norms.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The actual reason for most persons choosing to avoid the company of the formerly-institutionalized mentally ill persons, is that no matter what the person does, there is no legal recourse.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the medical profession the term is now avoided in favor of diagnoses of specific mental illness such as schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders.^ The reality of psychiatric disorder has certainly been questioned although most frequently under its alias of "mental illness.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Szasz, in his widely reprinted essay, "The Myth of Mental Illness, " makes a strong case for just such a situation.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Their relationships with other people are always colored by their histories of mental illness, and some people would avoid their company.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

[1] .When discussing mental illness in general terms, "psychopathology" is considered a preferred descriptor.^ While the populace generally does not distinguish between an excited outburst and an epileptic seizure, neither is considered evidence or a cause of mental illness.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Likewise the dietary information can be considered a statement of what is available and generally consumed rather than one person's or group's special preferences.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Both will be discussed here as well as a special sort of voluntary admission in which the person feigns mental illness.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

[2]
.In English, the word "sane" derives from the Latin adjective sanus meaning "healthy". The phrase "mens sana in corpore sano" is often translated to mean a "healthy mind in a healthy body". From this perspective, insanity can be considered as poor health of the mind, not necessarily of the brain as an organ (although that can affect mental health), but rather refers to defective function of mental processes such as reasoning.^ Also the patient population, and hence the number of officially designated "lunatics, " has always been determined by the number of beds available in the hospital rather than the general mental health of the populace.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Excessive indulgence in this pastime is again believed to be a cause rather than a symptom of mental illness (although there is no evidence that it is either), but marijuana is believed to be a more potent affector of the mind than alcohol.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Depression There are a few locally recognized and named mental states which although not considered to be insanity are thought to be abnormal.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.A Latin phrase for "sane" is "compos mentis" (lit.^ A Latin phrase for "sane" is "compos mentis" (lit.
  • Insanity - Psychology Wiki 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

"of composed mind"), and a euphemistic term for insanity is "non compos mentis". In law, mens rea means having had criminal intent, or a guilty mind, when the act (actus reus) was committed.

Contents

Historical views and treatment

.Madness, the non-legal word for insanity, has been recognized throughout history in every known society.^ Insanity in British Honduras then is a violation of the unspoken and unconsciously known norms of behavior and interaction, the most basic guides to conduct, many of which are enforced in most human societies.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.Primitive cultures turned to witch doctors or shamans to apply magic, herbal mixtures, or folk medicine to rid deranged persons of evil spirits or bizarre behavior, for example.^ When a person has been treated by both medical doctors and local specialists, the specialists are usually given credit for any improvement or cure; and this is always the case with culturally-defined illnesses.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Culturally Defined Illnesses There are certain conditions in British Honduras which are characterized by mental disturbances and bizarre behavior but they are not thought to be cases of mental illness.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Neuroses Examples of obsessive-compulsive behavior are not related as evidence of a person's insanity either.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

[3]
In ancient Israel it was held that disturbances of the mind or emotions were caused by "supernatural forces" or an angry God, as a punishment for sin or failure to follow the commandments. .The Old Testament is replete with references to kings and commoners that go insane, and the Jewish prophets were thought to be psychologically abnormal because they acted in strange ways, departed markedly from the norm in appearance, and foretold of future events that few understood.^ One result of this high level of tolerance is that few people ever protest their confinement, usually because they are far too ill to really understand their situations.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I have stopped reading many blogs because I got tired of waiting for their insanely slow page to load after they changed to short blog feeds.

^ But any merchant's limit will be reached eventually and many families need to go far for their purchases because they have exhausted all the sources of credit in their neighborhoods.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

[4]
The Greeks replaced concepts of the supernatural with a secular view, believing that afflictions of the mind did not differ from diseases of the body. .They saw mental and physical illness as a result of natural causes and an imbalance in bodily humors.^ Her mental illness was thus a 'natural'?
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It can be seen that British Hondurans do not use psychological explanations for mental illness, although many of the causes mentioned here could be interpreted as that.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are no instances of persons taking their spouses or relatives outside of British Honduras to see psychiatrists and neurologists or sending people to special clinics for the mentally ill in the United States or Mexico, although they do send persons abroad for problems caused by physical illness.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hippocrates frequently wrote that an excess of black bile resulted in irrational thinking and behavior.^ Men frequently give him drinks and then laugh at the resulting behavior.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If men frequently drink to excess and engage in anti-social behavior with little responsibility for the ensuing consequences, alcoholism will not be thought a symptom of psychosis.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

[5]
Romans made further contributions to psychiatry, in particular the precursor to contemporary practice. They put forth the idea that strong emotions could lead to bodily ailments, the basis of today’s theory of psychosomatic illness. .The Romans also supported humane treatment of the mentally ill, and to support such codified into law the principle of insanity as a mitigation of responsibility for criminal acts.^ An exception to this series of events occurs when the person is acting in such a manner as to make it seem likely that he is mentally ill at the time he is taken into custody.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To accomplish this end, they will imitate the behavior of mentally ill persons or do things which would automatically indicate insanity.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As mentioned in the last chapter, there are large numbers of mentally ill persons who are recognized as such that are not in Seaview Hospital.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

The Middle Ages, however, witnessed the end of the progressive ideas of the Greeks and Romans.
.During the 18th century, the French and the British introduced humane[citation needed] treatment of the clinically insane, though the criteria for diagnosis and placement in an asylum were considerably looser than today, often including such conditions as Speech disorder, speech impediments, epilepsy and depression.^ Third, in any area such as psychiatric disorder, etics--which are the nosological definitions of psychiatrists and psychologists--are no more than the emics of the scientific community.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Also there are, in the British Honduran view of human nature, postulates which reduce individual responsibility, and therefore contribute to personal standards of conduct which are lower than social standards.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.Europe's oldest asylum is the Bethlem Royal Hospital of London, also known as Bedlam, which began admitting the mentally ill in 1403. The first American asylum was built in Williamsburg, Virginia, circa 1773. Before the 19th century these hospitals were used to isolate the mentally ill or the socially ostracized from society rather than cure them or maintain their health.^ Thus social forces which could bring the lost sheep back into the fold are dissipated rather than mobilized.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Also the patient population, and hence the number of officially designated "lunatics, " has always been determined by the number of beds available in the hospital rather than the general mental health of the populace.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Seaview Hospital does not realistically protect the society from mentally ill persons.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.Pictures from this era portrayed patients bound with rope or chains, often to beds or walls, or restrained in straitjackets.^ Pictures from this era portrayed patients bound with rope or chains, often to beds or walls, or restrained in straitjackets .
  • Insanity - Psychology Wiki 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At its simplest it provides a series of handicrafts to occupy and divert patients who are bed-bound or otherwise incapacitated.

^ Patients were often restrained and were forced to sleep in group bunks in rooms intended for one person.
  • The Ridges - Athens Mental Health Center 11 September 2009 6:45 UTC www.forgottenoh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In medicine

.Insanity is no longer considered a medical diagnosis but is a legal term in the United States, stemming from its original use in common law.^ Traditionally in the United States, persons who are legally insane by definition do not know right from wrong.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By standards in the United States, the cost of government medical treatment in British Honduras is nominal.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For sending a person to Seaview does not make him a legal non-person as does institutionalization in the United States.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

[6] .The disorders formerly encompassed by the term covered a wide range of mental disorders now diagnosed as organic brain syndromes, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and other psychotic disorders.^ Throughout this study such terms as "psychiatric disorder, " "mental illness, " "disturbed, " etc.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

[1]

Legal use of the term

.In United States criminal law, insanity may serve as an affirmative defense to criminal acts and thus does not need to negate an element of the prosecution's case such as general or specific intent.^ Most cases heard in Low Court are matters such as these, and this is really the only recourse which people have against acts of personal aggression and harassment.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rather the attitude manifestly is that the society does not especially need to be protected from these people (in some cases the reverse is true) but rather just separated from some of them.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Institutionalization generally works quite differently in British Honduras than it does in the United States.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

[7] .The States differ somewhat in their definition of insanity but most follow the guidelines of the Model Penal Code.^ In fact the principal difference is that in British Honduras the funds are received and held by private parties while in the United States most payments go to the courts.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For the most part, institutionalization follows when the person is either perceived as a definite threat to the community and/or is manifestly unable to care for him- or herself.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.All jurisdictions require a sanity evaluation to address the question first of whether or not the defendant has a mental illness.^ As was partly addressed in question #7 above, mental illness can be caused by many factors.
  • Frequently Asked Questions - Mental Health Board of San Francisco 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC mhbsf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All jurisdictions require a sanity evaluation to address the question first of whether or not the defendant has a mental illness.
  • Insanity - Psychology Wiki 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think the first question is what is mental illness.
  • Online NewsHour: Living with Mental Illness -- December 13, 1999 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

.Most courts accept a major mental illness such as psychosis but will not accept the diagnosis of a personality disorder for the purposes of an insanity defense.^ The implications of this for the sociological study of mental illness are that under conditions such as these the behavioral correlates of a person's ideational imbalance will need to be quite pronounced before they are recognized as such.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Non-institutionalized Cases of Psychiatric Disorder The above cases illustrate some of the aspects of a mentally ill person's situation which make it unlikely that he will be committed to Seaview Hospital.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most cases heard in Low Court are matters such as these, and this is really the only recourse which people have against acts of personal aggression and harassment.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.The second question is whether the mental illness interfered with the defendant's ability to distinguish right from wrong.^ I think the first question is what is mental illness.
  • Online NewsHour: Living with Mental Illness -- December 13, 1999 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Common questions about mental illness are: .
  • Mental Illness: The Facts. Mental Health Services - Victorian Government Health Information, Australia 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.health.vic.gov.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The second question is whether the mental illness interfered with the defendant's ability to distinguish right from wrong.
  • Insanity - Psychology Wiki 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.That is, did the defendant know that the alleged behavior was against the law at the time the offense was committed.^ That is, did the defendant know that the alleged behavior was against the law at the time the offense was committed.
  • Insanity - Psychology Wiki 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The law should not only acquit a person not knowing an act was wrong, but should also acquit one who was unable to prevent themselves from committing the act despite knowledge of wrongfulness .

^ The A.L.I. model stated that a defendant is not responsible for a criminal offense if "at the time of such conduct as a result of a mental disease or defect, he lacks substantial capacity either to appreciate the criminality of his conduct or to conform his conduct to the requirements of the law."
  • All about the insanity defense by Mark Gado - Crime Library on truTV.com 25 September 2009 6:14 UTC www.trutv.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Additionally, some jurisdictions add the question of whether or not the defendant was in control of their behavior at the time of the offense.^ As much of my questioning and curiosity was involved with deviant behavior, it is inevitable that some stories remained untold.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This sexual behavior may have some financial advantage for the time being, for she must get money to provide food for her child whose father may not even know that he is the father of another child.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.For example, if the defendant was compelled by some aspect of their mental illness to commit the illegal act, the defendant could be evaluated as not in control of their behavior at the time of the offense.^ It can be seen that British Hondurans do not use psychological explanations for mental illness, although many of the causes mentioned here could be interpreted as that.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In contemporary social usage, the finding of mental illness is made by establishing a deviance in behavior from certain psychosocial, ethical, or legal norms.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aside from gross 'foolishness,' there are kinds of integrated behavior patterns which indicate mental illness to British Hondurans.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.The forensic mental health specialists submit their evaluations to the court.^ The forensic mental health specialists submit their evaluations to the court.
  • Insanity - Psychology Wiki 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Increase the proportion of counties served by community-based jail diversion programs and/or mental health courts for adults with mental health problems.
  • Public Comment - Healthy People 2020 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.healthypeople.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mental health specialist - Mental Health Professional A mental health problem can be a short-term reaction to a stressor (such as a loss, painful event, illness, medication, etc.
  • How to Improve Mental Health : by Ray Sahelian, M.D. 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.raysahelian.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since the question of sanity or insanity is a legal question and not a medical one, the judge and or jury will make the final decision regarding the defendant's status regarding an insanity defense.^ If, however, when the person is taken into custody, he appears alright, there will be no further legal questioning of his sanity until his trial.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

[8][9]
.In most jurisdictions within the United States, if the insanity plea is accepted, the defendant is committed to a psychiatric institution for at least 60 days for further evaluation, and then reevaluated at least yearly after that.^ In fact the principal difference is that in British Honduras the funds are received and held by private parties while in the United States most payments go to the courts.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

Insanity is generally no defense in a civil lawsuit. However, in civil cases, the insanity of the plaintiff can toll the statute of limitations for filing a suit until the plaintiff has recovered from this condition, or until a statute of repose has run.

Feigned insanity

.Feigned insanity is the simulation of mental illness in order to avoid or lessen the consequences of a confrontation or conviction for an alleged crime.^ Both will be discussed here as well as a special sort of voluntary admission in which the person feigns mental illness.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Their relationships with other people are always colored by their histories of mental illness, and some people would avoid their company.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They try to avoid arguments and confrontations and this is one reason they do not attempt to control anti-social behavior themselves--they fear the consequences as being worse.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.A number of treatises on medical jurisprudence were written during the nineteenth century, the most famous of which was Isaac Ray in 1838 (fifth edition 1871); others include Ryan (1832), Taylor (1845), Wharton and Stille (1855), Ordronaux (1869), Meymott (1882).^ During the other months of the year it is rainy, most markedly so from June to December.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

The typical techniques as outlined in these works are the background for Dr. Neil S. Kaye's widely recognized guidelines that indicate an attempt to feign insanity.[10]
Today feigned insanity is considered malingering. In a 2005 court case, United States v. Binion, the defendant was prosecuted and convicted for obstruction of justice (adding to his original sentence) because he feigned insanity in a Competency to Stand Trial evaluation.

References

  1. ^ a b L M Tierney, S J McPhee, M A Papadakis (2002). Current medical Diagnosis & Treatment. International edition. New York: Lange Medical Books/McGraw-Hill. pp. 1078–1086. ISBN 0-07-137688-7. 
  2. ^ An interview with Dr. Joseph Merlino, David Shankbone, Wikinews, October 5, 2007.
  3. ^ Weinstein, Raymond M. (2007) "madness" in George Ritzer (ed.) The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology, Blackwell Publishing, 2007, pp. 2693-2695
  4. ^ Weinstein 2007, p. 2693
  5. ^ Weinstein 2007, p. 2693
  6. ^ ""What’s in a Name?": A Brief Foray into the History of Insanity in England and the United States". Journal of the Academy of American Psychiatry and the Law. 2005. http://www.jaapl.org/cgi/content/full/33/2/252?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=40&minscore=5000&resourcetype=HWCIT. Retrieved 2007-10-20. 
  7. ^ "Criminal Responsibility and Intent -- Poortinga and Guyer 35 (1): 124 -- Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law Online". www.jaapl.org. http://www.jaapl.org/cgi/content/full/35/1/124?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&minscore=5000&resourcetype=HWCITCriminal. Retrieved 2008-02-22. 
  8. ^ Shapiro, David L. (1991). Forensic Psychological Assessment: An Integrative Approach. Needham Heights, MA: Simon & Schuster. pp. 70–72. ISBN 0-205-12521-2. 
  9. ^ Gary, Melton (1997). Psychological Evaluations for the Courts: A Handbook for Mental Health Professionals and Lawyers (2nd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press. pp. 186–248. ISBN 1-57230-236-4. 
  10. ^ Neil S. Kaye M.D.. "Feigned Insanity in Nineteenth Century America Legal Cases" (PDF). http://courtpsychiatrist.com/pdf/Feigned%20Insanity%20in%20Nineteenth.pdf. 

External links

  • Rosenhan, David L. ."On Being Sane in Insane Places."^ On being sane in insane places.
    • Psychological Disorders 25 September 2009 3:57 UTC www.ecs.soton.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

    ^ "On Being Sane in Insane Places."
    • Insanity - Psychology Wiki 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Ellis, W.C. (1815) Considerations on the Necessity of Proper Places being Provided by the Legislature for the Reception of All Insane Persons.
    • Insanity: History of Disabilities and Social Problems 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC codi.buffalo.edu [Source type: Academic]


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Insanity, or madness, is a general term for a semi-permanent, severe mental disorder.^ Attitudes toward them are mixed, varying with any one person's experience with mentally ill people and his estimation of how severe the disorder is.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Throughout this study such terms as "psychiatric disorder, " "mental illness, " "disturbed, " etc.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

Sourced

  • All schizophrenia patients are mad, and none are sane. Their behaviour is incomprehensible. .It tells us nothing about what they do in the rest of their lives, gives no insight into the human condition and has no lesson for sane people except how sane they are.^ Probably no one has ever been "rail-roaded" into 5eaview Hospital, and those patients who are quite sane are there by choice.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Therefore their abnormal behavior, no matter how heinous, does not have the same moral implications as that of a sane person.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Belize Creoles are emphatically urban people; they prefer the lively atmosphere of the busy shops and overflowing streets to the relative calm of the 'out-districts.'
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    .There's nothing profound about it.^ There is nothing cute about a muffin top.

    .Schizophrenics aren't clever or wise or witty — they may make some very odd remarks but that's because they're mad, and there's nothing to be got out of what they say.^ They're kids, they make messes.

    ^ Unless there is a logical reason in the person's life for going away from a town or village to live alone, this is viewed as very odd behavior.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They mature physically and learn that there are some things which they should never do, but many of them become sexual deviants and general problems in their neighborhoods.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    .When they laugh at things the rest of us don't think are funny, like the death of a parent, they're not being penetrating, and on other occasions they're not wryly amused at at the simplicity and stupidity of the psychiatrist, however well justified that might be in many cases.^ They're on the hamper, same thing as in the hamper.

    ^ As with many things, Belizeans wear what suits them with the main dictate of local fashion being that one look well-turned out, prosperous, and distinctive.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They seem to have an understanding of the nature of the situation and know well how to deal with each other.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    .They're laughing because they're mad, too mad to be able to tell what's funny any more.^ Telling The Children that it's just like camping will sound more appealing if you're not weeping and fondling the remote.

    ^ They're just blowing smoke out their ass because they saw someone else on some other blog doing it.

    ^ In Guatemala Jane has three more children and in fourteen years they all return to Belize because of economic problems in Guatemala.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The rewards for being sane may not be very many but knowing what's funny is one of them.^ As with many things, Belizeans wear what suits them with the main dictate of local fashion being that one look well-turned out, prosperous, and distinctive.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ British Hondurans speak of many people as being very religious and indeed some of them are that.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This sexual behavior may have some financial advantage for the time being, for she must get money to provide food for her child whose father may not even know that he is the father of another child.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    And that's an end of the matter.
  • The definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting a different result.
    • Transactions of the … North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference, Volume 71 (Wildlife Management Institute, 1975), p. 54 (attributed to Albert Einstein).
  • Insanity is doing the same thing, over and over again, but expecting different results. .
    • Rita Mae Brown, Sudden Death (Bantam Books, New York, 1983), p.^ Basic Books, New York.
      • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Anchor Books, New York.
      • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

      .68 (attributed to Jane Fulton).
    • This and variations on it have also been variously attributed to Benjamin Franklin and an old Chinese proverb.
  • When life itself seems lunatic, who knows where madness lies?^ He had just turned a year old and didn't really know who she was.

    Perhaps to be too practical is madness. To surrender dreams — this may be madness. To seek treasure where there is only trash. .Too much sanity may be madness — and maddest of all: to see life as it is, and not as it should be!^ She also has had many strange personal experiences in her life and sees much evidence of the spirit world.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Miguel De Cervantes, "Man of La Mancha"

Unsourced

  • Insanity is relative. It depends on who has who locked in what cage. .
  • Insanity is a sane response to an insane situation.^ This is in marked contrast to the situation now prevailing in the United States where "standards" for insanity are so vague and diffuse that it has been recently demonstrated that even the staff-from psychiatrist to ward attendant--of mental hospitals cannot well differentiate the sane from the insane.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

  • Sanity is basically an act. Insanity, is dropping the act.
    • Nana Lee
  • Mental illness is in the eye of the beholder.
    • "K-PAX" (1995)
  • I don't suffer from insanity, I enjoy every minute of it.
  • Madness is like the Emergency Exit.You can just step outside and close the Door on all those Bad Things that happened.You can lock Them all away Forever
  • Madness, as you know, is like gravity. All it takes is a little push. .
  • An egoist can be won over by being respected, a crazy person can be won over by allowing him to behave in an insane manner and a wise person can be won over by truth.^ But if the affliction is a magical one, then there is only the problem of either ridding the person of the evil spirits inside him or finding the object which is making him crazy.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In British Honduras a person is deemed obviously 'crazy' 1 if he is talking 'foolishness,' making bizarre gestures, is clothed in a peculiar manner, or has disrobed himself in public.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Fourth, even though the person being sent to 5eaview knows he will afterwards be irrevocably identified as a crazy person, he will not fight his commitment for this reason.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

  • GP: Maybe you are just crazy.
    M2: Indeed! But do not reject these teachings as false because I am crazy. The reason that I am crazy is because they are true.
  • If we are all insane, then all insanity becomes a matter of degree. .If your insanity leads you to carve up women like Jack the Ripper or the Cleveland Torso Murderer, we clap you away in the funny farm (except neither of those two amateur-night surgeons were ever caught, heh-heh-heh); if, on the other hand, your insanity leads you only to talk to yourself when you're under stress or to pick your nose on your morning bus, then you are left alone to go about your business...although it's doubtful that you will ever be invited to the best parties."^ Unless there is a logical reason in the person's life for going away from a town or village to live alone, this is viewed as very odd behavior.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The next one of you who shakes like a dog is going to get it!

    ^ I have many other areas to reorganize and redecorate this year but I think those two will keep me busy for February.

  • I'm seventeen and I'm crazy. .My uncle says the two always go together.^ Needless to say, I rarely missed an opportunity to visit a friend or neighbor in the hospital and I was always available with my vehicle to take persons to and from the doctor.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I do find things in Forever 21, Charlotte Russe, Gap, Ann Taylor, etc but if I have limited time then I always head for my Go-To stores first.

    ^ I can't help it, for some reason ringing in the New Year always makes me go nuts with wanting to update, rearrange and organize my house.

    When people ask your age, he said, always say seventeen and insane.
  • I'm standing on the edge of some crazy cliff. .What I have to do, I have to catch everybody if they start to go over the cliff— I mean if they're running and they don't look where they're going I have to come out from somewhere and catch them.^ Then, each season they put out new shows that catch my attention.

    ^ I have let friendships slide because I don't want to go out.

    ^ Then they didn't want to go out to eat.

    That's all I'd do all day. I'd just be the catcher in the rye and all. .I know it's crazy, but that's the only thing I'd really like to be.^ I might only know a little bit about a lot of things but shopping is one thing that I know .

    ^ However if he performs these actions or any others, shows signs of realizing that he has done a wrong thing and then either says he does not care or defends himself in the same way a sane person would, he is likely to be considered only a vicious person, not a crazy one.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Third, British Hondurans believe that a doctor cannot know if a person is 'crazy;' only he himself can know and others must judge from his actions.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    I know it's crazy.
  • ...in the West, the insane are so many that they are put in an asylum, in China the insane are so unusual that we worship them.^ I have stopped reading many blogs because I got tired of waiting for their insanely slow page to load after they changed to short blog feeds.

  • Insanity is hereditary. You get it from your children. .
    • Sam Levenson
  • It is an act of insanity and national humiliation to have a law prohibiting the President from ordering assassination.^ This is, of course, very likely to be the situation with any national police force and British Honduran policemen seem quite unwilling to act without orders from above.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Henry Kissinger, in a statement at a National Security Council meeting in 1975.
  • To lie, of course, is to engender insanity.
  • Love: A temporary insanity curable by marriage or by removal of the patient from the influences under which he incurred the disorder. .This disease is prevalent only among civilized races living under artificial conditions; barbarous nations breathing pure air and eating simple food enjoy immunity from its ravages.^ A drastic change in food habits, such as eating only one thing exclusively or eating foods which were not eaten before is suspicious behavior.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    .It is sometimes fatal, but more frequently to the physician than to the patient.^ Some persons see these kinds of things much more frequently than others but they are never suspect as a result of it.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As fruits tend to be substantially cheaper than vegetables, they are much more frequently consumed.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

  • A newspaper is a device for making the ignorant more ignorant and the crazy crazier.
  • The notion that faith in Christ is to be rewarded by an eternity of bliss, while a dependence upon reason, observation, and experience merits everlasting pain, is too absurd for refutation, and can be relieved only by that unhappy mixture of insanity and ignorance called 'faith.'
  • The only difference between me and a madman is that I am not mad.
  • The world of madness is a lot bigger than the world of sane.
  • You know, a long time ago being crazy meant something.^ This sexual behavior may have some financial advantage for the time being, for she must get money to provide food for her child whose father may not even know that he is the father of another child.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The same is believed of rum which, ingested in large quantities over a long period of time, is supposed to produce brain damage, craziness, and impotence.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Fourth, even though the person being sent to 5eaview knows he will afterwards be irrevocably identified as a crazy person, he will not fight his commitment for this reason.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    Nowadays everybody's crazy.
  • Your theory is crazy, but it's not crazy enough to be true.
  • To clear the mind of its noise then to lose the mind altogether. This is meditation. (Of course some would call this insanity.)
    • Christopher S. Hyatt, Ph.D.
  • You're only given a little spark of madness. You mustn't lose it.
  • There is a fine line between genius and insanity. I have erased this line.
  • One long-past innocent day, in my prefolly youth, I came upon a statement in an undistinguished textbook on psychiatry that, as when Kant read Hume, woke me forever from my garden-of-eden slumber. "The psychotic does not merely think he sees four blue bivalves with floppy wings wandering up the wall; he does see them. .An hallucination is not, strictly speaking, manufactured in the brain; it is received by the brain, like any 'real' sense datum, and the patient act in response to this to-him-very-real perception of reality in as logical a way as we do to our sense data.^ They realize that he is not to be held responsible for what he does in the same way that other people are.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If, however, a person acts in a very peculiar manner in public and has no family to take him to a physician for a psychiatric examination, he will likely stay out of Seaview as long as he causes no trouble.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are fundamentalist sects which hold services where people become very excited, preach, speak in tongues, faint, and generally act abnormally.
    • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

    .In any way to suppose he only 'thinks he sees it' is to misunderstand totally the experience of psychosis."^ I think the pivotal moment for change came when I saw the way the crazy lady across the street parents her only son.

External links

Wikipedia
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Look up insanity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

INSANITY (from Lat. .in, not, and sanus, sound), a generic term applied to certain morbid mental conditions produced by defect or disease of the brain.^ Certain diseases have severe effects on the brain.
  • Origin of mental illnesses - History of theories about mental illness, Current theories about the origin of mental disorders 11 September 2009 8:26 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Mental Disorders Are Not Diseases ~ Psychiatrists and their allies have succeeded in persuading the scientific community, courts, media, and general public that the conditions they call mental disorders are diseases -- that is, phenomena independent of human motivation or will.
  • FocusAS: Personality Disorders 25 September 2009 3:57 UTC www.focusas.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is meant here is that the DSM-IV-TR diagnostic categories do not meet forensic standards for defining a "mental defect," "mental disability," or similar terms.
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - DSM, functioning, drug, examples, person, people, used, brain, personality, theory, health, mood, Nature and purposes 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: Academic]

.The synonyms in more or less frequent use are lunacy (from a supposed influence of the moon), mental disease, alienation, derangement, aberration, madness, unsoundness of mind. The term Psychiatry (vx i i, mind, and iarpda, treatment) is applied to the study and treatment of the condition.^ No treatment influences the course of the disease.

^ The synonyms in more or less frequent use are lunacy (from a supposed influence of the moon ), mental disease, alienation , derangement, aberration , madness, unsoundness of mind.

^ The term Psychiatry (vx i i, mind, and iarpda, treatment) is applied to the study and treatment of the condition.

.I. Medical And General There are many diseases of the general system productive of disturbance of the mental faculties, which, either on account.^ I. Medical And General There are many diseases of the general system productive of disturbance of the mental faculties, which, either on account.

^ Dementia due to other neurologic or general medical conditions (endocrine disorders, metabolic disorders, Pick's disease, brain tumors, etc.
  • Electronic Code of Federal Regulations: 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC ecfr.gpoaccess.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many people with alcohol and drug problems have a range of mental health problems, such as anxiety and depression, at higher rates than the general community.

of their transient nature, from their being associated w .i th the course of a particular disease, or from their slight intensity, are not included under the head of insanity proper.^ These behaviors are included under the general heading of irritability, and include aggression, deliberate self-injury and temper tantrums.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Holy orders, insanity is an irregularity under the head of defect.
  • Insanity - Catholic Encyclopedia - Catholic Online 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.catholic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The general symptoms of acquired insanity group themselves naturally under two heads, the physical and the mental.

.From a strictly scientific point of view it cannot be doubted that the fever patient in his delirium, or the drunkard in his excitement or stupor, is insane; the brain of either being under the influence of a morbific agent or of a poison, the mental faculties are deranged; yet such derangements are regarded as functional disturbances, i.e. disturbances produced by agencies which experience tells will, in the majority of cases, pass off within a given period without permanent results on the tissues of the organ.^ From a strictly scientific point of view it cannot be doubted that the fever patient in his delirium , or the drunkard in his excitement or stupor, is insane; the brain of either being under the influence of a morbific agent or of a poison , the mental faculties are deranged; yet such derangements are regarded as functional disturbances, i.e.

^ The patient then avoids such situations, with subsequent disturbances in functioning.

^ And although some can be written off as "under the influence" most cannot.
  • Schneier on Security: Mental Illness and Murder 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The comprehensive scientific view of the position is that all diseases of the nervous system, whether primary or secondary, congenital or acquired, should, in the words of Griesinger, be regarded as one inseparable whole, of which the so-called mental diseases comprise only a moderate proportion.^ Depression and other nervous system diseases .

^ We only have one word.
  • http://www.madogre.com/News.html 20 November 2009 8:53 UTC www.madogre.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The comprehensive scientific view of the position is that all diseases of the nervous system , whether primary or secondary, congenital or acquired, should, in the words of Griesinger, be regarded as one inseparable whole, of which the so-called mental diseases comprise only a moderate proportion.

.However important it may be for the physician to keep this principle before him, it may be freely admitted that it cannot be carried out fully in practice, and that social considerations compel the medical profession and the public at large to draw an arbitrary line between such functional diseases of the nervous system as hysteria, hypochondriasis and delirium on the one hand, and such conditions as mania, melancholia, stupor and dementia on the other.^ Mental functions are carried out by the brain.
  • Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General - Chapter 1 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.surgeongeneral.gov [Source type: Academic]
  • The Impact of Mental Illness on Society 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.coedu.usf.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ However important it may be for the physician to keep this principle before him, it may be freely admitted that it cannot be carried out fully in practice, and that social considerations compel the medical profession and the public at large to draw an arbitrary line between such functional diseases of the nervous system as hysteria , hypochondriasis and delirium on the one hand, and such conditions as mania, melancholia, stupor and dementia on the other.

^ IMPORTANT INFORMATION The information provided on this AYCNPsite is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her physician.
  • Mental Health-Natural Psychology-Behavioral Health. Child Psychology-Youth Psychology. Depression Help. Psychological Disorders 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC winmentalhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All attempts at a short definition of the term "insanity" have proved unsatisfactory; perhaps the nearest approach to accuracy is attained by the rough statement that it is a symptom of disease of the brain inducing disordered mental symptoms - the term disease being used in its widest acceptance.^ Mental disorder: Related Diseases .

^ That is why not all brain diseases are mental disorders.
  • Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General - Chapter 1 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.surgeongeneral.gov [Source type: Academic]
  • The Impact of Mental Illness on Society 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.coedu.usf.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The term Mental disorder can be used for: .

.But even this definition is at once too comprehensive, as under it might be included certain of the functional disturbances alluded to, and too exclusive, as it does not comprehend certain rare transitory forms.^ But even this definition is at once too comprehensive, as under it might be included certain of the functional disturbances alluded to, and too exclusive, as it does not comprehend certain rare transitory forms.

^ Once again, even if there are some bad parents, that does not mean that all parents should be interfered with.
  • BLOGDIAL » Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC irdial.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Forms of disturbed behavior specific to certain cultural systems that do not conform to western nosologic entities.
  • glossary of psychiatric terminology 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.abess.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Still, taken over all, this may be accepted as the least defective short definition; and moreover it possesses the great practical advantage of keeping before the student the primary fact that insanity is the result of disease of the brain (see Brain, and Neuropathology), and that it is not a mere immaterial disorder of the intellect.^ See the entire definition of Heart Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart.
  • Mental Illness Glossary of Terms with Definitions on MedicineNet.com 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.medicinenet.com [Source type: Academic]

^ That is why not all brain diseases are mental disorders.
  • Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General - Chapter 1 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.surgeongeneral.gov [Source type: Academic]
  • The Impact of Mental Illness on Society 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.coedu.usf.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ On the obscure diseases of the brain and disorders of the mind.
  • Insanity: History of Disabilities and Social Problems 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC codi.buffalo.edu [Source type: Academic]

.In the earliest epochs of medicine the corporeal character of insanity was generally admitted, and it was not until the superstitious ignorance of the middle ages had obliterated the scientific, though by no means always accurate, deductions of the early writers, that any theory of its purely psychical character arose.^ In the earliest epochs of medicine the corporeal character of insanity was generally admitted, and it was not until the superstitious ignorance of the middle ages had obliterated the scientific, though by no means always accurate, deductions of the early writers, that any theory of its purely psychical character arose.

^ The fact that he had accurately predicted the Wall Street explosion was later determined to be purely coincidental and not evidence of his psychic abilities as he had claimed.
  • The Tennis Chick: Tennis and mental illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.tennischick.net [Source type: General]

^ While early versions of the DSM were heavily dependent on psychoanalytical theory, these days the disorders it contains have been pretty well scientifically studied.
  • Seabhs - Mental Disorders - Diagnosis and Dual Diagnosis 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.seabhs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the present day it is unnecessary to combat such a theory, as it is universally accepted that the brain is the organ through which mental phenomena are manifested, and therefore that it is impossible to conceive of the existence of an insane mind in a healthy brain.^ The brain is the organ of mental function; psychological phenomena have their origin in that complex organ.
  • Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General - Chapter 2 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.surgeongeneral.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ At the present day it is unnecessary to combat such a theory, as it is universally accepted that the brain is the organ through which mental phenomena are manifested, and therefore that it is impossible to conceive of the existence of an insane mind in a healthy brain.

^ It is the suicide component of suicide attacks that has historically often led observers to cry insanity, from the Zealots and Assassins (if not insane, then at least off their faces) to the present day.
  • Unspeak » Functioning insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC unspeak.net [Source type: Original source]

.On this basis insanity may be defined as consisting in morbid conditions of the brain, the results of defective formation or altered nutrition of its substance induced by local or general morbid processes, and characterized especially by non-development, obliteration, impairment or perversion of one or more of its psychical functions. Thus insanity is not a simple condition; it comprises a large number of diseased states of the brain, gathered under one popular term, on account of mental defect or aberration being the predominant symptom.^ Thus insanity is not a simple condition; it comprises a large number of diseased states of the brain, gathered under one popular term, on account of mental defect or aberration being the predominant symptom.

^ On this basis insanity may be defined as consisting in morbid conditions of the brain, the results of defective formation or altered nutrition of its substance induced by local or general morbid processes, and characterized especially by non-development, obliteration, impairment or perversion of one or more of its psychical functions.

^ Mayeux R. The mental state in Parkinson's disease.
  • Mental Disorders Secondary to General Medical Conditions: eMedicine Psychiatry 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

.The insanities are sharply divided into two great classes - the Congenital and the Acquired. Under the head of Congenital Insanity must be considered all cases in which, from whatever cause, brain development has been arrested, with consequent in it primarily, from diseased states of the general Ctassifica- g P Y? g system implicating it secondarily.^ The insanities are sharply divided into two great classes - the Congenital and the Acquired.

^ It happened when she was 16, and a BRAIN DISEASE causes it.

^ The forms of insanity may be divided into (I.) Congenital Mental Defect and (II.) Acquired Insanity.

.In studying the causation of these two great classes, it will be found that certain remote influences exist which are believed to be commonly predisposing; these will be considered as such, leaving the proximate or exciting causes until each class with its subdivisions comes under review.^ In general, the causes of insanity may be reduced to two: predisposing causes and exciting causes.
  • Insanity - Catholic Encyclopedia - Catholic Online 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.catholic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In studying the causation of these two great classes, it will be found that certain remote influences exist which are believed to be commonly predisposing; these will be considered as such, leaving the proximate or exciting causes until each class with its subdivisions comes under review.

^ Any of these "symptoms": -Drinking in situations that are physically dangerous, such as while driving a car or operating machinery -Having recurring alcohol-related legal problems, such as being arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol or for physically hurting someone while drunk -Continued drinking despite having ongoing relationship problems that are caused or worsened by the drinking.

.In most treatises on the subject will be found discussed the bearing which civilization,nationality, occupation, education, &c., have, or are supposed to have, on the production of insanity.^ In most treatises on the subject will be found discussed the bearing which civilization,nationality, occupation, education, &c., have, or are supposed to have, on the production of insanity.

^ His comments paint an unforgettable picture of the form of a national insanity which was to contribute to the collapse of the high civilization of the Greeks.
  • DOLHENTY ARCHIVE: What is Intellectual Insanity? 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC radicalacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The general result of discussions on the above subjects has been the production of a series of arithmetical statements, which have either a misleading bearing or no bearing at all on the question.

.Such discussions are as a rule eminently unsatisfactory, founded as they are on common observation, broad generalizations, and very imperfect statistics.^ Such discussions are as a rule eminently unsatisfactory, founded as they are on common observation, broad generalizations, and very imperfect statistics .

^ I have a very nice Muslim doctor who is prescribing me medication which does not help and I cannot get the U.S. medication which I had been taking because it is generally unavailable or the 1 time I found it it was obscenely expensive.
  • Mental Illness in Academe - Advice - The Chronicle of Higher Education 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC chronicle.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Cannabis should not be made freely available, but the rules on cannabis can be very general and lenient."
  • Cannabis, Mental Health and Context: The Case For Regulation - NORML 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.norml.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As they are for the most part negative in result, at the best almost entirely irrelevant to the present purpose, it is proposed merely to summarize shortly the general outcome of what has been arrived at by those authorities who have sought to assess the value to be attached to the influence exercised by such factors, without entering in any detail on the theories involved.^ As they are for the most part negative in result, at the best almost entirely irrelevant to the present purpose, it is proposed merely to summarize shortly the general outcome of what has been arrived at by those authorities who have sought to assess the value to be attached to the influence exercised by such factors, without entering in any detail on the theories involved.

^ Those who now sought formal support increasingly preferred counselors, psychologists, and social workers (Swindle et al., 1997).
  • Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General - Chapter 1 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.surgeongeneral.gov [Source type: Academic]
  • The Impact of Mental Illness on Society 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.coedu.usf.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ As such, quackery is not illegal in itself, but the associated acts (theft, wilful deceit, peddling without a license) most certainly are.
  • Insanity, Horror, and the Outer Beings in Mystara 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC pandius.com [Source type: Original source]

.The causes of insanity may be divided into (a) general, and (b) proximate.^ The proximate causes of insanity may be divided into (I) toxic agents, (2) mechanical injury to the brain, including apoplexies and tumours, and (3) arterial degeneration.

^ Suicidal acts may be divided into accidental, impulsive and premeditated.

^ The insanities are sharply divided into two great classes - the Congenital and the Acquired.

(a) General Causes. - I. Civilization. - .Although insanity is by no means unknown amongst savage races, there can be no reasonable doubt that it is much more frequently developed in civilized communities; also that, as the former come under the influence of civilization, the percentage of lunacy is increased.^ There is no reason for the stack to get heavier.
  • Salon Hit Piece Implies Truth Seeking Is A Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although insanity is by no means unknown amongst savage races, there can be no reasonable doubt that it is much more frequently developed in civilized communities; also that, as the former come under the influence of civilization, the percentage of lunacy is increased.

^ It was as though the Europeans needed to maintain a scapegoated class and when there were no more lepers to segregate and look upon as sinful and threatening, a scapegoat-vacuum was created.
  • Seabhs - Mental Disorders - Scapegoating And Mental Illness Stigma 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.seabhs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is in consonance with the observation of disease of whatever nature, and is dependent in the case of insanity on the wear and tear of nerve tissue involved in the struggle for existence, the physically depressing effects of pauperism, and on the abuse of alcoholic stimulants; each of which morbid factors falls to be considered separately as a proximate cause.^ It involves physical abuse and medical neglect.
  • Yet Another 10 Bizarre Mental Disorders - Listverse 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ This is in consonance with the observation of disease of whatever nature, and is dependent in the case of insanity on the wear and tear of nerve tissue involved in the struggle for existence, the physically depressing effects of pauperism , and on the abuse of alcoholic stimulants; each of which morbid factors falls to be considered separately as a proximate cause.

^ The examination proceeds first within a categorical framework organized around the five major mental disorders that are used as illustrations throughout this report—Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, alcohol abuse and dependence, depressive disorders, and conduct disorder.
  • Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders: Frontiers for Preventive Intervention Research 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

.In considering the influence of civilization upon the production of insanity, regard must be had to the more evolved ethical attitude towards disease in general which exists in civilized communities as well as to the more perfect recognition and registration of insanity.^ In considering the influence of civilization upon the production of insanity, regard must be had to the more evolved ethical attitude towards disease in general which exists in civilized communities as well as to the more perfect recognition and registration of insanity.

^ An addict's sensitivity is such that he/she judges other people's attitudes toward him/her more by small things than spoken words.
  • Dual Diagnosis: Substance Abuse And Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.schizophrenia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The trend towards eating more natural products may be driving a rise in cases of the disease, whose symptoms can include convulsions, low blood pressure, fainting and temporary heart problems, according to a new report.
  • MC Factoids: New & Recent 20 November 2009 8:53 UTC madcowboy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Table of contents

2. Nationality

.In the face of the imperfect social statistics afforded by most European and American nations, and in their total absence or inaccessibility amongst the rest of mankind, it is impossible to adduce any trustworthy statement under this head.^ While I think self-reliance is a terrific virtue, I also note that Europeans with their nationalized health care systems and more socialized governments live longer and have less stress-filled lives than Americans have.
  • Occam's Razor: Mental Illness Tag Archive 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: Original source]

^ "The most humiliating duty ever imposed upon a nation is that which now rests upon the United States in the trial of Guiteau."

^ Recently, however, particularly during the past forty years or so, this form of insanity has made great inroads into American political and social thought and now can be considered to be one of the most serious and widespread forms of national insanity.
  • DOLHENTY ARCHIVE: What is Intellectual Insanity? 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC radicalacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

3. Occupation

.There is nothing to prove that insanity is in any way connected with the prosecution of any trade or profession per se. Even if statistics existed (which they do not) showing the proportion of lunatics belonging to different occupations to the 1000 of the population, it is obvious that no accurate deduction quoad the influence of occupation could be drawn.^ There's been no weights, nothing.
  • Insanity™ Workout Reviews & Product Information | Interval Training | Extreme Fitness Results 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.extremefitnessresults.com [Source type: General]

^ Even if statistics existed (which they do not) showing the proportion of lunatics belonging to different occupations to the 1000 of the population, it is obvious that no accurate deduction quoad the influence of occupation could be drawn.

^ There is nothing to prove that insanity is in any way connected with the prosecution of any trade or profession per se.

4. Education

.There is no evidence to show that education has any influence over either the production or the prevention of insanity.^ But there is no such evidence.
  • The Definition of Insanity | Tux Deluxe 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuxdeluxe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no evidence to show that education has any influence over either the production or the prevention of insanity.

^ No biologic markers are specific enough at this time to detect anxiety early, and no research shows that current medications prove efficacious in preventing these disorders.

.The general result of discussions on the above subjects has been the production of a series of arithmetical statements, which have either a misleading bearing or no bearing at all on the question.^ The general result of discussions on the above subjects has been the production of a series of arithmetical statements, which have either a misleading bearing or no bearing at all on the question.

^ The Sophists used all of their talents to ensure that their students were capable of arguing with equal facility on either side of any question, with equal zeal for either side of any cause.
  • DOLHENTY ARCHIVE: What is Intellectual Insanity? 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC radicalacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A small portion of any Amazon.Com sales (any product of any kind) generated as a result of using ExChristian.Net as a jump-off point, supports ExChristian.Net.
  • Religion is Mental Illness- ExChristian.Net - Articles 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the study of insanity statistics are of slight value from the scientific point of view, and are only valuable in its financial aspects.^ In the study of insanity statistics are of slight value from the scientific point of view, and are only valuable in its financial aspects.

^ Now your fellow humans would only call the last example insanity.The reason for this is they don't want to be pointed out.
  • The Definition of Insanity | Tux Deluxe 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuxdeluxe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Statistics.-The statistics of lunacy are merely of interest from a sociological point of view; for under that term are comprised all forms of insanity.

[MEDICAL AND GENERAL

5. Inheritance

.The hereditary transmission of a liability to mental disease must be reckoned as the most important among all predisposing causes of insanity.^ The hereditary transmission of a liability to mental disease must be reckoned as the most important among all predisposing causes of insanity.

^ Mental illness: All is caused by sin!

^ Anti Insanity Defense - Anti Insanity Defense The insanity defense refers to that branch of the concept of insanity which defines the extent to which men accused of crimes may be relieved of criminal responsibility by virtue of mental disease.
  • Free Insanity Essays 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.123helpme.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is probably well within the mark to say that at least 50% of the insane have a direct or collateral hereditary tendency towards insanity.^ It is probably well within the mark to say that at least 50% of the insane have a direct or collateral hereditary tendency towards insanity.

^ It is the suicide component of suicide attacks that has historically often led observers to cry insanity, from the Zealots and Assassins (if not insane, then at least off their faces) to the present day.
  • Unspeak » Functioning insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC unspeak.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Posted by Kendra@My Insanity at 8:34 AM 5 insanely cool people say Links to this post Labels: kids , Valentines .

.The true significance of this factor cannot as yet be explained or described shortly and clearly, but it cannot be too definitely stated that it is not the insanity which is inherited, but only the predisposition to the manifestation of mental symptoms in the presence of a sufficient exciting cause.^ The true significance of this factor cannot as yet be explained or described shortly and clearly, but it cannot be too definitely stated that it is not the insanity which is inherited, but only the predisposition to the manifestation of mental symptoms in the presence of a sufficient exciting cause.

^ The following list gives the status of the insanity defense in all 50 states, describes the test used, the party on whom the burden of proof lies, and whether the state uses the guilty but mentally ill verdict.
  • Insanity Defense: Encyclopedia of Everyday Law 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.enotes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From that view-point the Soviet state was, by definition, the nearest to perfect that can be achieved, so anyone who disagrees with it is mad, and should be placed in a mental institution for their own good.
  • Inventing Reality - The subtle art of insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tomgraves.org [Source type: Original source]

.The most widely and generally accepted view of the exciting cause of insanity is that the predisposed brain readily breaks down under mental stress or bodily privations.^ The most widely and generally accepted view of the exciting cause of insanity is that the predisposed brain readily breaks down under mental stress or bodily privations.

^ In general, the causes of insanity may be reduced to two: predisposing causes and exciting causes.
  • Insanity - Catholic Encyclopedia - Catholic Online 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.catholic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Stress is known to cause brain damage.
  • Complex post traumatic stress disorder (complex ptsd, pdsd, shell shock, nervousshock, combat fatigue), symptoms and the difference between mental illness and psychiatricinjury explained 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.bullyonline.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is, however, another view which has been recently advanced to the effect that the majority of mental diseases are secondary to bodily disorders, hereditary predisposition being the equally predisposing causal factor.^ There is, however, another view which has been recently advanced to the effect that the majority of mental diseases are secondary to bodily disorders, hereditary predisposition being the equally predisposing causal factor.

^ Diseases and Disorders Links pertaining to Mental Disorders .

^ The examination proceeds first within a categorical framework organized around the five major mental disorders that are used as illustrations throughout this report—Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, alcohol abuse and dependence, depressive disorders, and conduct disorder.
  • Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders: Frontiers for Preventive Intervention Research 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

.There is probably truth in both these views, and such an admission accentuates the complexity of the factorship of heredity.^ There is no such thing as truth.
  • DOLHENTY ARCHIVE: What is Intellectual Insanity? 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC radicalacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is probably truth in both these views, and such an admission accentuates the complexity of the factorship of heredity .

^ He does not use a lie to convey a  truth.  If there was such a thing as "mental illness" he would have explained it and said so back then.

.If insanity can be induced by physical disorders, which must essentially be of the nature of toxic action or of mechanical agency which can alter or influence the functional powers of the brain, then it is probable that hereditary predisposition to insanity means, not only the transmission of an unstable nervous system, but also a constitution which is either peculiarly liable to the production of such toxic or poisonous substances, or incapable of effectively dealing with the toxins or poisonous substances normally formed during metabolic processes.^ If insanity can be induced by physical disorders, which must essentially be of the nature of toxic action or of mechanical agency which can alter or influence the functional powers of the brain, then it is probable that hereditary predisposition to insanity means, not only the transmission of an unstable nervous system, but also a constitution which is either peculiarly liable to the production of such toxic or poisonous substances, or incapable of effectively dealing with the toxins or poisonous substances normally formed during metabolic processes.

^ Of all the functions of the brain that of sleep is the most liable to disorder in the insane.

^ Eye movements and other bilateral forms of stimulation are thought to work by “unfreezing” the brain’s information processing system, which is interrupted in times of extreme stress, leaving only frozen emotional fragments which retain their original intensity.
  • Mental Disorder W 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Such a view broadens our conception of the factorship of hereditary transmission and offers impotentiality of development of the mental faculties; under that of Acquired Insanity all those in which the brain has been born healthy but has suffered from morbid processes affect explanation as to the manner in which insanity may appear in families previously free from the taint.^ Such a view broadens our conception of the factorship of hereditary transmission and offers impotentiality of development of the mental faculties; under that of Acquired Insanity all those in which the brain has been born healthy but has suffered from morbid processes affect explanation as to the manner in which insanity may appear in families previously free from the taint.

^ This finding may result from the fact that 90% of deaf children are born to hearing parents and these children may not have received any usable language input during critical language acquisition periods of brain development.
  • Mental Illness and the Deaf 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.lifeprint.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Unfortunately, depending on the volume of comments, it may take time Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Next › Last » (20 pages total) - + healthy blogging I'm a Fan of healthy blogging I'm a fan of this user permalink I do not suffer from mental illness but I am fully aware of its effects on families.
  • Glenn Close: Mental Illness: The Stigma of Silence 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Very frequently we find in the history of insane patients that although there may be no insanity in the family there are undoubted indications of nervous alongside of physical instability, the parental nervous defects taking the form of extreme nervousness, vagabondage, epilepsy, want of mental balance, inequality in mental development or endowment, extreme mental brilliancy in one direction associated with marked deficiency in others, the physical defects showing themselves in the form of insanity; liability to tubercular and rheumatic infections.^ Insanity can take several forms.
  • DOLHENTY ARCHIVE: What is Intellectual Insanity? 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC radicalacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mental illness is associated with most of the other illnesses that have been associated with vitamin D deficiency.

^ Very frequently we find in the history of insane patients that although there may be no insanity in the family there are undoubted indications of nervous alongside of physical instability, the parental nervous defects taking the form of extreme nervousness, vagabondage, epilepsy , want of mental balance, inequality in mental development or endowment, extreme mental brilliancy in one direction associated with marked deficiency in others, the physical defects showing themselves in the form of insanity; liability to tubercular and rheumatic infections.

.The failure of constitutional power which allows of the invasion of the tubercle bacillus and the micrococcus rheumaticus in certain members of a family is apparently closely allied to that which favours the development of mental symptoms in others.^ The failure of constitutional power which allows of the invasion of the tubercle bacillus and the micrococcus rheumaticus in certain members of a family is apparently closely allied to that which favours the development of mental symptoms in others.

^ Anyone can develop a mental illnessyou, a family member, a friend, or a neighbor.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In other words, that a given medicine reduces or abolishes certain symptoms does not necessarily mean they were caused by the processes or substances affected by the drug administered.
  • The Insanity of the Defense 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Insanity Defense - a knol by Sam Vaknin 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

6. Consanguinity

.It has been strongly asserted that consanguineous marriage is a prolific source of nervous instability.^ It has been strongly asserted that consanguineous marriage is a prolific source of nervous instability.

.There is considerable diversity of opinion on this subject; the general outcome of the investigations of many careful inquirers appears to be that the offspring of healthy cousins of a healthy stock is not more liable to nervous disease than that of unrelated parents, but that evil consequences follow where there is a strong tendency in the family to degeneration, not only in the direction of the original diathesis, but also towards instability of the nervous system.^ It connects her to the many families out there.
  • Aaron Poeze » kubuntu,kde,wine,military 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC insanityblog.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Depression and other nervous system diseases .

^ Women appear to be more liable to be attacked than men.

.The objection to the marriage of blood relations does not arise from the bare fact of their relationship, but has its ground in the fear of their having a vicious variation of constitution, which, in their children, is prone to become intensified.^ The objection to the marriage of blood relations does not arise from the bare fact of their relationship, but has its ground in the fear of their having a vicious variation of constitution, which, in their children, is prone to become intensified.

^ Murray (1996) produced similar findings of social disadvantage, relationship problems with children and the latter having increased levels of behaviour difficulties.
  • NSPCC inform - Mentally ill parents and children's welfare 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.nspcc.org.uk [Source type: Academic]

^ It does not avoid a marriage nor constitute per se a ground either for divorce or for judicial separation.

.There is sufficient evidence adducible to prove that close breeding is productive of degeneration; and when the multiform functions of the nervous system are taken into account, it may almost be assumed, not only a that it suffers concomitantly with other organs, but that it may lso be the first to suffer independently.^ Depression and other nervous system diseases .

^ There is sufficient evidence adducible to prove that close breeding is productive of degeneration; and when the multiform functions of the nervous system are taken into account, it may almost be assumed, not only a that it suffers concomitantly with other organs, but that it may lso be the first to suffer independently.

^ When separated, they may fear that their parent will be involved in an accident or taken ill, or in some other way be“lost” to the child forever.
  • Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General - Chapter 3 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.surgeongeneral.gov [Source type: Academic]

7. Parental Weakness

.Of the other causes affecting the parents ' which appear to have an influence in engendering a predisposition to insanity in the offspring, the abuse of alcoholic stimulants and opiates, over-exertion of the mental faculties, advanced age and weak health may be cited.^ Parenting may be adversely affected.
  • NSPCC inform - Mentally ill parents and children's welfare 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.nspcc.org.uk [Source type: Academic]

^ Of the other causes affecting the parents ' which appear to have an influence in engendering a predisposition to insanity in the offspring, the abuse of alcoholic stimulants and opiates, over-exertion of the mental faculties, advanced age and weak health may be cited.

^ It may even affect their physical health.
  • Mental illness | Mind 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.mind.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Great stress has been laid on the influence exercised by the first of these conditions, and many extreme statements have been made regarding it.^ Great stress has been laid on the influence exercised by the first of these conditions, and many extreme statements have been made regarding it.

^ Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Condition Psychological factors can also affect the onset and maintenance of actual medical conditions, and these influences are apparently as common in the West as elsewhere.
  • Chapter 16 Lecture Notes - Mental Disorders 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.usu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ First Lady Michelle Obama is stressing small changes in diet and exercise habits as a good way to improve health and fitness....

.Such statements must be accepted with reserve, for, although there is reason for attaching considerable weight to the history of ancestral intemperance as a probable causating influence, it has been generally assumed as the proved cause by those who have treated of the subject, without reference to other agencies which may have acted in common with it, or quite independently of it.^ There may be several reasons for this.
  • Dual Diagnosis: Substance Abuse And Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.schizophrenia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Independent events" are those events which are not influenced or caused by patient's own behaviour (e.g.
  • Life events and psychiatric disorders ::MHR:: 20 September 2009 19:15 UTC psyplexus.com [Source type: Academic]

^ After the baby is born, there are other considerations.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However unsatisfactory from a scientific point of view it may appear, the general statement must stand that whatever tends to lower the nervous energy of a parent may modify the development of the progeny.^ However unsatisfactory from a scientific point of view it may appear, the general statement must stand that whatever tends to lower the nervous energy of a parent may modify the development of the progeny.

^ Hence, it appears as though claimants who suffer ‘nervous shock’ from viewing a broadcast may recover if ‘suffering by recognisable individuals’ was depicted and the broadcasting guidelines did not bar such pictures.
  • Told Nervous Shock: Has the Pendulum Swung in Favour of Recovery by Television Viewers? - [2004] DeakinLRev 31; (2004) 9 Deakin Law Review 731 20 September 2009 19:15 UTC www.austlii.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

^ This point of view is expressed in the following statement from one of the readings: For, the body-physical becomes that which it assimilates from material nature.
  • MENTAL ILLNESS : Edgar Cayce Health Overview Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.edgarcayce.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Constitutional tendency to nervous instability once established in a family may make itself felt in various directions - epilepsy, hysteria, hypochondriasis, neuralgia, certain forms of paralysis, insanity, eccentricity.^ Moreover, it is thought that different sets of genes may be involved in increasing susceptibility to a particular disorder in various families or populations (genetic heterogeneity).
  • eMJA: Genetic counselling for psychiatric disorders 20 September 2009 19:15 UTC www.mja.com.au [Source type: Academic]

^ Criticism of family members to act a certain way toward the ill relative is a form of high expressed emotion.

^ Provided that the bystanders can prove direct perception and establish love and affection (although doubtful) they may also be allowed to recover.
  • Told Nervous Shock: Has the Pendulum Swung in Favour of Recovery by Television Viewers? - [2004] DeakinLRev 31; (2004) 9 Deakin Law Review 731 20 September 2009 19:15 UTC www.austlii.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

It is asserted that exceptional genius in an individual member is a phenomenal indication. .Confined to the question of insanity, the morbid inheritance may manifest itself in two directions - in defective brain organization manifest from birth, or from the age at which its faculties are potential, i.e. congenital insanity; or in the neurotic diathesis, which may be present in a brain to all appearance congenitally perfect, and may present itself merely by a tendency to break down under circumstances which would not affect a person of originally healthy constitution.^ Personality Disorder: This is a catch-all for a host of psychological problems a person may develop, such as obsessive-compulsive behaviour, paranoia, avoidant personality disorder, or passive-aggressive tendencies.
  • Insanity, Horror, and the Outer Beings in Mystara 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC pandius.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The person may neglect appearance, not bathing or changing clothes, and may be hard to talk tobarely talking or saying things that make no sense.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (News & Observer) WHY SAVE JACKO'S BRAIN? Jul 12, 2009 Adds Itabashi: "He certainly didn't manifest any behavior that would indicate he had a brain disorder."
  • SurfWax: News, Reviews and Articles On Brain Disorders 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC news.surfwax.com [Source type: Academic]

8. Periodic Influence

.The evolutional periods of puberty, adolescence, utero-gestation, the climacteric period and old age exercise an effect upon the nervous system.^ Plyometrics is a type of exercise training designed to produce fast, powerful movements, and improve the functions of the nervous system, generally for the purpose of improving performance in sports.
  • Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC phibetafit.com [Source type: General]

^ The NIA is interested in applications relevant to Alzheimer's disease and other degenerative diseases of the nervous system, and age-related changes in cognition and memory.
  • PAR-05-100: Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC grants1.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ The National Institute on Aging (NIA) is interested in applications relevant to Alzheimer's disease and other degenerative diseases of the nervous system, and age-related changes in cognition and memory.
  • PAR-08-113: Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan (R21) 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC grants1.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]
  • PAR-08-112: Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan (R01) 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC grants.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.It may be freely admitted that the nexus between physiological processes and mental disturbances is, as regards certain of the periods, obscure, and that the causal relation is dependent more on induction than on demonstration; but it may be pleaded that it is not more obscure in respect of insanity than of many other diseases.^ This is, on one hand, more disturbing than ever.
  • http://www.madogre.com/News.html 20 November 2009 8:53 UTC www.madogre.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mental illness is no more shameful than any other illness.
  • When a Child Has a Mental Illness - Motherlode Blog - NYTimes.com 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC parenting.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ McCain's insanity does not have an underlying organic disease process other than senility.
  • Gramm calls slowdown 'mental' - Mike Allen - POLITICO.com 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The pathological difficulty obtains mostly in the relation of the earlier evolutional periods, puberty and adolescence, to insanity; in the others a physiologico-pathological nexus may be traced; but in regard to the former there is nothing to take hold of except the purely physiological process of development of the sexual function, the expansion of the intellectual powers, and rapid increase of the bulk of the body.^ The first psychotic episode is often preceded by prodromal symptoms such as social withdrawal, irritability or dysphoria, increasing academic or work-related difficulties, and increasing eccentricity.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Of intellectual insanity there is hardly a trace; on the contrary, he has shown an unusual amount of clearness of thought, and of the adaptation of crooked means to crooked ends.

^ McCain's insanity does not have an underlying organic disease process other than senility.
  • Gramm calls slowdown 'mental' - Mike Allen - POLITICO.com 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although in thoroughly stable subjects due provision is made for these evolutional processes, it is not difficult to conceive that in the nervously unstable a considerable risk is run by the brain in consequence of the strain laid on it.^ Although in thoroughly stable subjects due provision is made for these evolutional processes, it is not difficult to conceive that in the nervously unstable a considerable risk is run by the brain in consequence of the strain laid on it.

^ Aug 14, 2009 These disabilities are due to a brain disorder.
  • SurfWax: News, Reviews and Articles On Brain Disorders 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC news.surfwax.com [Source type: Academic]

^ An EEG, CT scan of the brain, and psychometric testing will often need to be done, but a referral to a neurologist should be made before ordering these expensive tests.
  • Diagnostic Tests for Mental illness - WrongDiagnosis.com 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

.Between the adolescent and climacteric periods the constitution of the nervous, as of the other systems, becomes established, and disturbance is not likely to occur, except from some accidental circumstances apart from evolution.^ Depression and other nervous system diseases .

^ When separated, they may fear that their parent will be involved in an accident or taken ill, or in some other way be“lost” to the child forever.
  • Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General - Chapter 3 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.surgeongeneral.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ "The voluntary and involuntary reaction or impulse, as carried in the white and gray matter of the nervous systems tends in certain centers to run together and become confusing to the body."
  • MENTAL ILLNESS : Edgar Cayce Health Overview Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.edgarcayce.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the most healthily constituted individuals the "change of life" expresses itself by some loss of vigour.^ There may also be some life events which simply act to help maintain the internal steady state or to keep the individual interested in undertaking appropriate activities.
  • Life events and psychiatric disorders ::MHR:: 20 September 2009 19:15 UTC psyplexus.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Most individual currency factors are updated daily, although some may be slightly older.
  • Calculator for Moroccan Dirham (MAD) Currency Exchange Rate Conversion 20 November 2009 8:53 UTC coinmill.com [Source type: General]

^ To make his concepts (his imagination) come to life he gathered some of the best and most diverse people from Disney Studios who were dubbed ‘imagineers’.
  • Aaron Poeze » kubuntu,kde,wine,military 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC insanityblog.com [Source type: Original source]

.The nourishing (trophesial) function becomes less active, and either various degrees of wasting occur or there is a tendency towards restitution in bulk of tissues by a less highly organized material.^ There is, however, a geographical factor that influences the amount of and degree of insanity as it occurs throughout the contiguous forty-eight states.
  • DOLHENTY ARCHIVE: What is Intellectual Insanity? 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC radicalacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The attitude shows that the relative is open minded about the illness but results in the relative becoming too involved because there is a feeling of pity toward the family member.

^ In this video library, watch grades 3-5 teachers successfully guide students toward becoming more active readers of literature.
  • Annenberg Media 25 September 2009 3:57 UTC www.learner.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The most important instance of the latter tendency is fatty degeneration of muscle, to which the arterial system is very liable.^ The most important thing is that you love Him very much (LOVE for God changes the whole picture).

^ The mechanisms of this are varied and will be discussed here in some detail as the concept of a person going crazy as the result of obeah is a very important one in this conceptual system.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the mass of mankind those changes assume no pathological importance: the man or woman of middle life passes into advanced age without serious constitutional disturbance; on the other hand, there may be a break down of the system due to involutional changes in special organs, as, for instance, fatty degeneration of the heart.^ In the mass of mankind those changes assume no pathological importance: the man or woman of middle life passes into advanced age without serious constitutional disturbance; on the other hand, there may be a break down of the system due to involutional changes in special organs, as, for instance, fatty degeneration of the heart .

^ If, on the other hand, these offspring learn to eat properly, exercise, and live in a relatively peaceful home, for instance, they may be able to avoid the expression of high blood pressure that runs in their family.
  • Origin of mental illnesses - History of theories about mental illness, Current theories about the origin of mental disorders 11 September 2009 8:26 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There is sufficient evidence adducible to prove that close breeding is productive of degeneration; and when the multiform functions of the nervous system are taken into account, it may almost be assumed, not only a that it suffers concomitantly with other organs, but that it may lso be the first to suffer independently.

.In all probability the insanity of the climacteric period may be referred to two pathological conditions: it may depend on structural changes in the brain due to fatty degeneration of its arteries and cells, or it may be a secondary result of general systemic disturbance, as indicated by cessation of menstruation in the female and possibly by some analogous modification of the sexual function in men.^ Insanity following upon arterial degeneration.

^ I know this is all due to Insanity.
  • Insanity Review - Insanity Results - Insanity transformation - Beachbody Coaching 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC getpaid2train.com [Source type: General]

^ In all probability the insanity of the climacteric period may be referred to two pathological conditions: it may depend on structural changes in the brain due to fatty degeneration of its arteries and cells, or it may be a secondary result of general systemic disturbance, as indicated by cessation of menstruation in the female and possibly by some analogous modification of the sexual function in men.

.The senile period brings with it further reduction of formative activity; all the tissues waste, and are liable to fatty and calcareous degeneration.^ The senile period brings with it further reduction of formative activity; all the tissues waste, and are liable to fatty and calcareous degeneration.

^ The most important instance of the latter tendency is fatty degeneration of muscle , to which the arterial system is very liable.

^ Testing of all cattle is expected to uncover more cases as the brain-wasting disease has an average incubation period of five years, the office said.
  • MC Factoids: New & Recent 20 November 2009 8:53 UTC madcowboy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Here again, the arteries of the brain are very generally implicated; atheroma in some degree is almost always present, but is by no means necessarily followed by insanity.^ Insanity following upon arterial degeneration.

^ Here again, the arteries of the brain are very generally implicated; atheroma in some degree is almost always present, but is by no means necessarily followed by insanity.

^ Some of the other meanings are as follows: 1.
  • glossary of psychiatric terminology 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.abess.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The various and profound modifications of the system which attend the periods of utero-gestation, pregnancy and child-bearing do not leave the nervous centres unaffected.^ The various and profound modifications of the system which attend the periods of utero-gestation, pregnancy and child-bearing do not leave the nervous centres unaffected.

^ The definite nature of the symptoms in the majority of the forms of acute insanity leave little reason to doubt that they result from an invasion of the system by toxins of various kinds.

^ General Paralysis, dementia paralytica, progressive dementia) is a disease characterized by symptoms of progressive degeneration of the central nervous system, more particularly of the motor centres.

.Most women are liable to slight changes of disposition and temper, morbid longings, strange likes and dislikes during pregnancy, more especially during the earlier months; but these are universally accepted as accompaniments of the condition not involving any doubts as to sanity.^ Most women are liable to slight changes of disposition and temper , morbid longings, strange likes and dislikes during pregnancy, more especially during the earlier months; but these are universally accepted as accompaniments of the condition not involving any doubts as to sanity.

^ These conditions are specially exemplified in the mental disturbances which accompany exophthalmic goitre , uraemic poisoning, and the conditions of depression which are observed in jaundice and other forms of hepatic insufficiency.

^ Mentally ill prisoners are more likely than others to end up housed in especially harsh conditions, such as isolation, that can push them over the edge into acute psychosis.
  • Criminal Insanity 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.karisable.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But there are various factors at work in the system during pregnancy which have grave influence on the nervous system, more especially in those hereditarily predisposed, and in those gravid for the first time.^ This is awesome especially for first time hunters.
  • http://www.madogre.com/News.html 20 November 2009 8:53 UTC www.madogre.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who want to learn more about forgiveness and how it works should contact the International Forgiveness Institute.
  • Radical feminism as a psychological disorder 20 September 2009 11:41 UTC www.tldm.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the reported association between autism and obstetrical hazard may be due to genetic factors (Bailey et al., 1995), there is evidence that several different causes of toxic or infectious damage to the central nervous system during early development also may contribute to autism.
  • Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General - Chapter 3 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.surgeongeneral.gov [Source type: Academic]

.There is modification of direction of the blood towards a new focus, and its quality is changed, as is shown by an increase of fibrin and water and a decrease of albumen.^ Lithium causes an increased excretion of water through the kidneys, and long-term use has resulted in pathological changes in the kidney of some patients.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Month #1: Each meal consists of approximately 300 calories, but there are directions as to how one might modify to increase their caloric intake to 400 or 500 calories per meal.
  • Insanity Reviews | Daily Fitness Tips from Extremely-Fit 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.extremely-fit.com [Source type: General]

^ Studies have shown that exhaled air of subjects with amalgam filling contains a significantly higher level of mercury than subjects without amalgams, and there appears to be a direct correlation to the number of amalgam fillings and the level of mercury found in both blood and urine.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To such physical influences are superadded the discomfort and uneasiness of the situation, mental anxiety and anticipation of danger, and in the unmarried the horror of disgrace.^ Incidents such as this one, while infrequent, are sensational and spread like a viral communication that raises the spectre of dangerous "mental patients" lurking and endangering us all.

^ Feelings of anxiety in these situations produce physical reactions: palpitations, tremors, sweating, diarrhea, blushing, muscle tension, etc.
  • Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General - Chapter 3 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.surgeongeneral.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ The power of the situation may have a disproportionate impact on mental disability claims because there are more potentially reasonable ways to evaluate mental disability than is true for physical disability.
  • Mental Disability Evaluation 20 September 2009 17:38 UTC www.dennisfox.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the puerperal (recently delivered) woman there are to be taken into pathological account, in addition to the dangers of sepsis, the various depressing influences of child-bed, its various accidents reducing vitality, the sudden return to ordinary physiological conditions, the rapid call for a new focus of nutrition, the translation as it were of the blood supply from the uterus to the mammae - all physical influences liable to affect the brain.^ When separated, they may fear that their parent will be involved in an accident or taken ill, or in some other way be“lost” to the child forever.
  • Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General - Chapter 3 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.surgeongeneral.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ First of all, a lot of people speak of the "physical" condition of a person, and then of the "mental" state.
  • allAfrica.com: Uganda: Serious Corruption May Indicate Mental Disease (Page 1 of 1) 25 September 2009 6:14 UTC allafrica.com [Source type: News]

^ Although an experienced examiner often understands when the doctor has misread a blood test result or overlooked relevant reports, he or she generally has no idea at all what the psychiatrist or psychologist has taken--or is supposed to take--into account, and thus has little basis to question the mental impairment rating or RFC. As a consequence, the final decision reflects the doctor's influence much more than does a comparable physical disability decision.
  • Mental Disability Evaluation 20 September 2009 17:38 UTC www.dennisfox.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These influences may act independently of moral shock; but, where this is coincident, there is a condition of the nervous system unprepared to resist its action.^ All of these conditions may lead to varied nervous system problems.
  • PAR-08-113: Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan (R21) 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC grants1.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]
  • PAR-08-112: Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan (R01) 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC grants.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ There may also be some life events which simply act to help maintain the internal steady state or to keep the individual interested in undertaking appropriate activities.
  • Life events and psychiatric disorders ::MHR:: 20 September 2009 19:15 UTC psyplexus.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The presence of drugs in a persons system can sometimes interfere with the action of corrective medicines such as anti-depressants, rendering these needed medicines less- or not at all effective.
  • Seabhs - Mental Disorders - Diagnosis and Dual Diagnosis 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.seabhs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(b) Proximate Causes. - .The proximate causes of insanity may be divided into (I) toxic agents, (2) mechanical injury to the brain, including apoplexies and tumours, and (3) arterial degeneration.^ It has been known since the early part of the 20th century that infectious agents can penetrate into the brain where they can cause mental disorders.
  • Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General - Chapter 2 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.surgeongeneral.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ The same may be true of a "traumatic brain injury".

^ Cotard's Syndrome usually arises as a result of some other mental illness, but it can also be caused by brain injury.
  • 5 Mental Disorders That Can Totally Get You Laid | Cracked.com 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]
  • Classic: 5 Mental Disorders That Can Totally Get You Laid | Cracked.com 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

I. Toxic Agents. - .The definite nature of the symptoms in the majority of the forms of acute insanity leave little reason to doubt that they result from an invasion of the system by toxins of various kinds.^ "As a result of the deinstitutionalization movement, increasing numbers of mentally ill offenders are found in the community where they interact with the criminal justice system.
  • Mental Disorder in Canadian Criminal Law 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.lareau-law.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Withdrawal can cause a temporary or permanent worsening of psychotic symptoms, with anxiety and even anguish, as a result of central nervous system rebound from the drugs.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Burden Women, Beauty Products & Insanity They say that the definition of insanity is repeating the same thing over and over again and expecting a different result.
  • Insane - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 6:45 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

.The symptoms referred to may be briefly indicated as follows: (i.^ If you identify with several of the following signs and symptoms, and they just won’t go away, you may be suffering from clinical depression.
  • Mental Disorder W 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yet ideas of reference, fear of being followed and watched, and other usual symptoms of paranoia are quite rare.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ D. Persistent symptoms of increased arousal (not present before the trauma) as indicated by at least two of the following: .
  • Complex post traumatic stress disorder (complex ptsd, pdsd, shell shock, nervousshock, combat fatigue), symptoms and the difference between mental illness and psychiatricinjury explained 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.bullyonline.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

) Pyrexia, or fever generally of an irregular type; (ii.) .Hyperleucocytosis, or an increase of the white blood corpuscles, which is the chief method by which the animal organism protects itself against the noxious influence of micro-organisms and their toxins.^ Prevention programs that include outreach and support can help increase the protective factors that mitigate against these outcomes.
  • SAMHSA Report to Congress - 2002- Executive Summary 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.samhsa.gov [Source type: Academic]

.In such cases as typhoid fever, which is caused by a bacillus, or Malta fever which is caused by a coccus, it is found that if the blood serum of the patient is mixed in vitro with a broth culture of the infecting organism in a dilution of I in 50, that the bacilli or the cocci, as the case may be, when examined microscopically, are seen to run into groups or clusters.^ Assessment and treatment of depression in patients with cardiovascular disease: national heart, lung, and blood institute working group report..
  • NEJM -- Prevalence and Treatment of Mental Disorders, 1990 to 2003 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ These patients are often agitated and paranoid and may not readily allow physical examination.
  • Mental Disorders Secondary to General Medical Conditions: eMedicine Psychiatry 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It is necessary to examine the McLoughlin case in some depth to obtain an understanding of why television viewers may be barred from recovery for nervous shock.
  • Told Nervous Shock: Has the Pendulum Swung in Favour of Recovery by Television Viewers? - [2004] DeakinLRev 31; (2004) 9 Deakin Law Review 731 20 September 2009 19:15 UTC www.austlii.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

.The organisms are said to be agglutinated, and the substance in the serum which produces this reaction is termed an agglutinine.^ "This produces, through these pressures, those spasmodic conditions to the reaction between the sympathetic and the cerebrospinal system-which has been termed a mental disorder.
  • MENTAL ILLNESS : Edgar Cayce Health Overview Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.edgarcayce.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In many of the forms of insanity which present the symptom of hyperleucocytosis there can also be demonstrated the fact that the blood serum of the patients contains agglutinines to certain members of a group of streptococci (so called on account of their tendency to grow in the form of a chain, arp€irr6S; (iii.^ In many of the forms of insanity which present the symptom of hyperleucocytosis there can also be demonstrated the fact that the blood serum of the patients contains agglutinines to certain members of a group of streptococci (so called on account of their tendency to grow in the form of a chain, arp€irr6S; (iii.

^ Genius is one of the many forms of insanity.
  • Bored.com - Famous Quotes Database 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.bored.com [Source type: General]

^ In the blood serum also there can be demonstrated the presence of agglutinines to certain members of the streptococci group.

) the rapid organic .affection of the special nerve elements depending upon the virulence of the toxin, and the resistance of the individual to its influence; (iv.^ Also, less dramatic transitions may become turning points depending upon the individual's assessment of its importance.
  • Life events and psychiatric disorders ::MHR:: 20 September 2009 19:15 UTC psyplexus.com [Source type: Academic]

) the marked physical deterioration as indicated by emaciation and other changes in nutrition; (v.) the close .analogy between the character of many of the mental symptoms, e.g. delirium, hallucinations or depression, and the symptoms produced artificially by the administration of certain poisonous drugs.^ Psychoses (e.g., schizophrenia and bipolar disorder ) are major mental illnesses characterized by severe symptoms such as delusions, hallucination s, and an inability to evaluate reality in an objective manner.
  • mental disorder -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The symptoms which most strongly appeal to the lay mind as conclusive evidence of mental disorder are hallucinations and delusions.

^ They also tend to produce generalized mental dysfunction and, sometimes relieve depression by rendering the brain and mind unable to generate higher psychospiritual responses.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The toxic substances which are generally believed to be associated with the causation of mental disorders may be divided into three great classes: (a) those which arise from the morbific products of metabolism within the body itself "auto-intcxicants"; (b) those due to the invasion of the blood or tissues by micro-organisms; (c) organic or inorganic poisons introduced into the system voluntarily or accidentally.^ He didn’t want to believe that he had a mental disorder.
  • When a Child Has a Mental Illness - Motherlode Blog - NYTimes.com 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC parenting.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ It seems that mental disorders may be related: .

^ Mental disorders due to a general medical condition .
  • Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General - Chapter 2 11 September 2009 8:26 UTC www.surgeongeneral.gov [Source type: Academic]

MEDICAL AND GENERAL]
A
.(a) Auto-intoxication may be due to defective metabolism or to physiological instability, or to both combined.^ It may be due to any one of these factors, or to a combination of them.
  • Mental illness | Mind 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.mind.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Individuals who have ADHD may display predominantly hyperactive/impulsive behavior, predominately inattentive behavior, or a combination of both.
  • Mental Illness—Information about Mental Illness and the Brain (Page 3 of 3) 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC science-education.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The potency of alcohol may be increased by medications since both are metabolized by the liver; one drink may feel like two.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The results of defective metabolism are most clearly manifested in the mental symptoms which not infrequently accompany such diseases as gout, diabetes or obesity, all of which depend primarily upon a deficient chemical elaboration of the products of metabolism.^ Physical and mental disabilities include, but are not limited to, chronic or episodic conditions such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, epilepsy, seizure disorder, diabetes, clinical depression, bipolar disorder, multiple sclerosis, and heart disease.
  • AB 2222 Assembly Bill - CHAPTERED 20 September 2009 17:38 UTC info.sen.ca.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Psychoses (e.g., schizophrenia and bipolar disorder ) are major mental illnesses characterized by severe symptoms such as delusions, hallucination s, and an inability to evaluate reality in an objective manner.
  • mental disorder -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Often such charges are based on behaviors that are direct manifestations of the patients’ then untreated symptoms, such as paranoia leading to trespassing or grandiosity resulting in breaking and entering.
  • Violence and Mental Illness | Psychiatry MMC 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.psychiatrymmc.com [Source type: Academic]

.The association of gout and rheumatism with nervous and mental diseases is historical, and the gravest forms of spinal and cerebral degeneration have been found in association with diabetes.^ A survey by the National Mental Health Association found that 55 percent of people who have never been diagnosed with depression recognize that depression is a disease and not something people should “snap out of.” 34 This is a substantial increase over the 38 percent of survey respondents in 1991 who recognized depression as a disease.
  • Mental Illness—Information about Mental Illness and the Brain (Page 3 of 3) 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC science-education.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a first step toward doing so, we found that mental disorders are differentially associated with suicidal behavior depending on which part of the pathway to suicide was being predicted.
  • PLoS Medicine: Cross-National Analysis of the Associations among Mental Disorders and Suicidal Behavior: Findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.plosmedicine.org [Source type: Academic]

^ A person who has a mental illness cannot simply decide to get over it any more than someone who has a different chronic disease such as diabetes, asthma, or heart disease can.
  • Mental Illness—Information about Mental Illness and the Brain (Page 3 of 3) 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC science-education.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Until the pathology of these affections is better understood we are not in a position to determine the nature of the toxins which appear to be the cause of these diseases and of their accompanying nervous symptoms.^ Most of these treatments are invasive or unnatural and will inevitably cause severe side effects to the patient, whose symptoms will probably still reoccur over time.
  • Nutrition Journal | Full text | Nutritional therapies for mental health disorders 11 September 2009 8:26 UTC www.nutritionj.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Definitive pathophysiologic mechanisms have not yet been determined, but anxiety symptoms and the resulting disorders are believed to be due to disrupted modulation within the central nervous system.

^ Although the direct cause and effect of concomitant psychiatric symptoms is not always clear, depression, fatigue, psychosis, and progressive cognitive impairment can accompany neurologic symptoms.
  • Mental Disorders Secondary to General Medical Conditions: eMedicine Psychiatry 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

.Physiological instability is usually manifested by neurotic persons under the strain of any unusual change in their environment.^ MS is more common in women than in men and usually manifests in persons aged 20-40 years.
  • Mental Disorders Secondary to General Medical Conditions: eMedicine Psychiatry 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ However, hypoglycemic-induced mental status changes usually occur in persons with diabetes who are insulin dependent.
  • Mental Disorders Secondary to General Medical Conditions: eMedicine Psychiatry 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A delusion whose theme is that events, objects, or other persons in one's immediate environment have a particular and unusual significance.
  • glossary of psychiatric terminology 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.abess.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If, for instance, any material change in the food supply consisting either in a decrease of its quality or quantity, or in a failure to assimilate it properly, the nerve-cells become exhausted and irritable, sleep is diminished and a condition known as the delirium of collapse or exhaustion may supervene.^ If, for instance, any material change in the food supply consisting either in a decrease of its quality or quantity, or in a failure to assimilate it properly, the nerve-cells become exhausted and irritable, sleep is diminished and a condition known as the delirium of collapse or exhaustion may supervene.

^ So, too, can medical conditions such as heart failure, as well as other sleep disorders such as problems of kicking, twitching, restless legs, snoring and tooth grinding.
  • Lack of sleep linked to depression, other mental illnesses 11 September 2009 8:26 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Certain neuroses, particularly the anxiety disorders known as phobia s, may represent maladaptive responses built up into the human equivalent of conditioned reflexes.
  • mental disorder -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Academic]

.An extreme instance of this condition is presented by the delirium occurring in shipwrecked persons, who having to take to the boats are suddenly deprived of food, water or both.^ An extreme instance of this condition is presented by the delirium occurring in shipwrecked persons, who having to take to the boats are suddenly deprived of food, water or both.

^ However, hypoglycemic-induced mental status changes usually occur in persons with diabetes who are insulin dependent.
  • Mental Disorders Secondary to General Medical Conditions: eMedicine Psychiatry 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Unlike drugs, cigarettes and booze, food is both extremely convenient and inexpensive.
  • Occam's Razor: Mental Illness Tag Archive 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: Original source]

.Poisoning of the nervous system may also result from the defective action of special glands such as the thyroid, the liver or the kidneys.^ Poisoning of the nervous system may also result from the defective action of special glands such as the thyroid , the liver or the kidneys.

^ These influences may act independently of moral shock ; but, where this is coincident, there is a condition of the nervous system unprepared to resist its action.

^ All minor tranquilizers combine with each other or with other central nervous system depressants--such as barbiturates, antidepressants, neuroleptics, lithium, and alcohol--with a potentially fatal result.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These conditions are specially exemplified in the mental disturbances which accompany exophthalmic goitre, uraemic poisoning, and the conditions of depression which are observed in jaundice and other forms of hepatic insufficiency.^ Physical and mental disabilities include, but are not limited to, chronic or episodic conditions such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, epilepsy, seizure disorder, diabetes, clinical depression, bipolar disorder, multiple sclerosis, and heart disease.
  • AB 2222 Assembly Bill - CHAPTERED 20 September 2009 17:38 UTC info.sen.ca.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Others believe that treatment options do not exist, or that their healthcare plans will not cover treatment for mental conditions.
  • Eddy Elmer: Famous people with mental illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.eddyelmer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any other mental or psychological disorder or condition not described in paragraph (1) that requires special education or related services.
  • AB 2222 Assembly Bill - CHAPTERED 20 September 2009 17:38 UTC info.sen.ca.gov [Source type: Original source]

.The results of modern research point to a growing belief in the frequency of infection of the nervous system from the hosts of micro-organisms which infest the alimentary tract.^ The results of modern research point to a growing belief in the frequency of infection of the nervous system from the hosts of micro-organisms which infest the alimentary tract.

^ This somewhat artificial dichotomy has been useful in assisting investigators to design feasible research, since the extraordinary complexity of the nervous system mandates a focused approach.
  • RFA-MH-06-003: Collaborative Research on Mental and Neurological Disorders 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC grants.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ All minor tranquilizers combine with each other or with other central nervous system depressants--such as barbiturates, antidepressants, neuroleptics, lithium, and alcohol--with a potentially fatal result.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.No definite or substantiated discoveries have as yet been formulated which would justify us in treating this source of infection as more than a highly probable causative influence.^ If it were just her introversion, perhaps this would be no more than coincidence.
  • Occam's Razor: Mental Illness Tag Archive 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: Original source]

^ No definite or substantiated discoveries have as yet been formulated which would justify us in treating this source of infection as more than a highly probable causative influence.

^ The diagnosis of mental disorders is often believed to be more difficult than diagnosis of somatic, or general medical, disorders, since there is no definitive lesion, laboratory test, or abnormality in brain tissue that can identify the illness.
  • Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General - Chapter 2 11 September 2009 8:26 UTC www.surgeongeneral.gov [Source type: Academic]

.(b) When we turn, however, to the potentiality of infection by micro-organisms introduced from without into the system we are upon surer if not upon entirely definite ground.^ When we turn, however, to the potentiality of infection by micro-organisms introduced from without into the system we are upon surer if not upon entirely definite ground.

^ However, a number of forces were brought into play around the same period--forces that would ultimately lead to the demise of this workable system.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Without proper treatment, however, hypomania can become severe mania in some people or can switch into depression.
  • NAMI Arizona - Mental Illnesses and Related Topics: Bipolar Disorder 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.namiaz.org [Source type: Academic]

.A special form of insanity called by Weber, who first described it, the delirium of collapse, was observed by him to follow certain infectious diseases such as typhus fever and pneumonia.^ A special form of insanity called by Weber, who first described it, the delirium of collapse, was observed by him to follow certain infectious diseases such as typhus fever and pneumonia .

^ His comments paint an unforgettable picture of the form of a national insanity which was to contribute to the collapse of the high civilization of the Greeks.
  • DOLHENTY ARCHIVE: What is Intellectual Insanity? 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC radicalacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These conditions are specially exemplified in the mental disturbances which accompany exophthalmic goitre , uraemic poisoning, and the conditions of depression which are observed in jaundice and other forms of hepatic insufficiency.

.In later years it has been frequently observed to follow attacks of influenza.^ In later years it has been frequently observed to follow attacks of influenza .

^ General paralysis attacks men much more frequently than women, and occurs between the ages of 35 and 50 years.

.Recently our views have broadened and we find that the delirium of collapse is an acute, confusional insanity which may arise without any previous febrile symptoms, and is in fact one of the common forms of acute insanity.^ Recently our views have broadened and we find that the delirium of collapse is an acute, confusional insanity which may arise without any previous febrile symptoms, and is in fact one of the common forms of acute insanity.

^ The confusional nature of the mental symptoms, the delirium and the physical symptoms are sufficient indications of the analogy of this form of mental aberration with such other toxic forms of insanity as we find arising from septic wounds and which sometimes accompany the early toxic stages of virulent infectious diseases such as typhus, diphtheria or malignant scarlet fever .

^ The patients who recover frequently show at the onset of their disease acute symptoms, such as mild excitement, slightly febrile temperature and quick pulse-rate.

.The nature of the physical symptoms, the mental confusion and hallucinations which accompany it, as well as the fact that it frequently follows some other infective disease, leave no doubt as to its toxic origin.^ The nature of the physical symptoms, the mental confusion and hallucinations which accompany it, as well as the fact that it frequently follows some other infective disease, leave no doubt as to its toxic origin.

^ It has physical as well as neurological (some might say mental) effects.

^ Some of the other meanings are as follows: 1.
  • glossary of psychiatric terminology 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.abess.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A similar and analogous condition is presented by incidence of general paralysis after a previous syphilitic infection.^ A similar and analogous condition is presented by incidence of general paralysis after a previous syphilitic infection.

^ This latter may also be the explanation why general paralysis is much more common at the present day in British asylums than it was.

^ So far as our present knowledge goes, at least three different and distinct disease conditions can be described under the general term melancholia.

.The symptoms of general paralysis coupled with the extensive and rapid degeneration of not only the nervous but of the whole of the body tissues point to a microbic disease of intense virulence which, though probably not syphilitic, is yet induced, and enhanced in its action by the previous devitalizing action of the syphilitic toxin.^ The symptoms of general paralysis coupled with the extensive and rapid degeneration of not only the nervous but of the whole of the body tissues point to a microbic disease of intense virulence which, though probably not syphilitic, is yet induced, and enhanced in its action by the previous devitalizing action of the syphilitic toxin.

^ General Paralysis, dementia paralytica, progressive dementia) is a disease characterized by symptoms of progressive degeneration of the central nervous system, more particularly of the motor centres.

^ Mysterious 'fevers' are very common childhood ailments, and generally fever is thought to be a disease itself rather than a symptom.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.There is abundant evidence to show that emotions which powerfully affect the mind, if long continued, conduce towards a condition of metabolic change, which in its turn deleteriously affects the nervous system, and which may terminate in inducing a true toxic insanity.^ There is abundant evidence to show that emotions which powerfully affect the mind, if long continued, conduce towards a condition of metabolic change, which in its turn deleteriously affects the nervous system, and which may terminate in inducing a true toxic insanity.

^ The American Psychological Association concluded Wednesday that there is little evidence that efforts to change a person's sexual orientation from gay or lesbian to heterosexual are effective.
  • Mental Health: News & Videos about Mental Health - CNN.com 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ There is sufficient evidence adducible to prove that close breeding is productive of degeneration; and when the multiform functions of the nervous system are taken into account, it may almost be assumed, not only a that it suffers concomitantly with other organs, but that it may lso be the first to suffer independently.

.One of the best examples of insanity arising from micro-organisms is that form which occurs after childbirth, and which is known as puerperal mania.^ When epileptics do become insane the insanity is generally one of the forms of mania.

^ One of the best examples of insanity arising from micro-organisms is that form which occurs after childbirth, and which is known as puerperal mania.

^ One of the best-known examples in the history of science (also quoted by Beveridge) is Kekulé's description of his discovery of the ring-like structure of benzene - now one of the cornerstones of organic chemistry - at a time when all molecules were assumed to have chain-like structures: .
  • Inventing Reality - The subtle art of insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tomgraves.org [Source type: Original source]

.Other insanities may, it is true, arise at this period, but those which occur within the first fourteen days after parturition are generally of infective origin.^ A true day of insanity .

^ Other insanities may, it is true, arise at this period, but those which occur within the first fourteen days after parturition are generally of infective origin.

^ I suppose that may ring true, but when my generation was a child Barbies were all we had besides baby dolls (which I was too much of a tomboy to touch).

.The confusional nature of the mental symptoms, the delirium and the physical symptoms are sufficient indications of the analogy of this form of mental aberration with such other toxic forms of insanity as we find arising from septic wounds and which sometimes accompany the early toxic stages of virulent infectious diseases such as typhus, diphtheria or malignant scarlet fever.^ The early symptoms are always physical.

^ The confusional nature of the mental symptoms, the delirium and the physical symptoms are sufficient indications of the analogy of this form of mental aberration with such other toxic forms of insanity as we find arising from septic wounds and which sometimes accompany the early toxic stages of virulent infectious diseases such as typhus, diphtheria or malignant scarlet fever .

^ The early physical symptoms are generally motor.

.The infective origin of puerperal mania is undoubted, though, as yet, no special pathogenic organism has been isolated.^ The infective origin of puerperal mania is undoubted, though, as yet, no special pathogenic organism has been isolated.

^ One of the best examples of insanity arising from micro-organisms is that form which occurs after childbirth, and which is known as puerperal mania.

.Dr Douglas (Ed.^ Dr Douglas ( Ed.

Med. Journ.,
1897, i. .413) found the staphylococcus pyogenes aureus present in the blood in one case; Jackman (quoted loc.^ Jackman (quoted loc.

^ I found one and entered, searching the display cases for a gem.

^ One would like to hope that academia would be more enlightened about such matteres, but, alas, I have seldom found this to be the case.
  • Mental Illness in Academe - Advice - The Chronicle of Higher Education 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC chronicle.com [Source type: Original source]

cit.
) found the micrococcus pneumonial crouposae in one case; while Haultain (Ed. Med. .Journ., 1897, ii.^ Journ., 1897, ii.

131) found only the bacillus coli communis in the blood and secretions of several cases. .From our experience of similar mental and physical symptoms produced as a result of septic wounds or which succeed surgical operations there seems to be no doubt that several forms of micrococci or streptococci of a virulent character are capable by means of the toxins they exude of causing acute delirium or mania of a confusional clinical type when introduced into the body.^ They can bring about anxiety, produce or exacerbate psychotic symptoms, and cause delirium.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mental symptoms vary greatly in their severity.

^ But no doubt, you WILL see results.
  • Insanity Review - Insanity Results - Insanity transformation - Beachbody Coaching 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC getpaid2train.com [Source type: General]

.(c) Accidental and voluntary poisonings of the system which result in insanity are illustrated by the forms of insanity which follow phosphorus or lead poisoning and by Pellagra.^ Accidental and voluntary poisonings of the system which result in insanity are illustrated by the forms of insanity which follow phosphorus or lead poisoning and by Pellagra .

^ The definite nature of the symptoms in the majority of the forms of acute insanity leave little reason to doubt that they result from an invasion of the system by toxins of various kinds.

^ Insanity following blows on the head is divided into (I) the forms in which the insanity immediately follows the accident ; (2) the form in which there Traumatic i s a n intermediate prodromal stage characterized b.

.The voluntary intoxication of the system by such drugs as morphia and alcohol will be treated of below.^ The voluntary intoxication of the system by such drugs as morphia and alcohol will be treated of below.

^ To provide such a common language, the co-occurring disorders conceptual framework (depicted below) was developed by the National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD) and the National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Directors (NASADAD).
  • SAMHSA Report to Congress - 2002- Executive Summary 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.samhsa.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ All minor tranquilizers combine with each other or with other central nervous system depressants--such as barbiturates, antidepressants, neuroleptics, lithium, and alcohol--with a potentially fatal result.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.2 and 3. Mechanical injuries to the brain arise from direct violence to the skull, from apoplectic hemorrhage or embolism, or from rapidly growing tumours, or from arterial degeneration.^ Mechanical injuries to the brain arise from direct violence to the skull , from apoplectic hemorrhage or embolism, or from rapidly growing tumours, or from arterial degeneration.

^ Cotard's Syndrome usually arises as a result of some other mental illness, but it can also be caused by brain injury.
  • 5 Mental Disorders That Can Totally Get You Laid | Cracked.com 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]
  • Classic: 5 Mental Disorders That Can Totally Get You Laid | Cracked.com 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ The proximate causes of insanity may be divided into (I) toxic agents, (2) mechanical injury to the brain, including apoplexies and tumours, and (3) arterial degeneration.

.The forms of insanity may be divided into (I.) Congenital Mental Defect and (II.) Acquired Insanity.^ The insanities are sharply divided into two great classes - the Congenital and the Acquired.

^ The forms of insanity may be divided into (I.) Congenital Mental Defect and (II.) Acquired Insanity.

^ Insanity following blows on the head is divided into (I) the forms in which the insanity immediately follows the accident ; (2) the form in which there Traumatic i s a n intermediate prodromal stage characterized b.

.I. Congenital Mental Defect.^ I. Congenital Mental Defect.

^ The forms of insanity may be divided into (I.) Congenital Mental Defect and (II.) Acquired Insanity.

- .The
morbid mental conditions which fall to be considered under this head are Idiocy (with its modification, Imbecility) and Cretinism. Idiocy (from Gr.^ The morbid mental conditions which fall to be considered under this head are Idiocy (with its modification, Imbecility) and Cretinism .

^ "Imbecility" is a state of mental weakness "between the limits of absolute idiocy on the one hand and of perfect capacity on the other" (see i Haggard, Eccles .

^ The general symptoms of acquired insanity group themselves naturally under two heads, the physical and the mental.

.latwTns, in its secondary meaning of a deprived person).^ Tns, in its secondary meaning of a deprived person).

.In treating of idiocy it must be carefully borne in mind that we are dealing with mental phenomena dissociated for the most part from active bodily disease, and that, in whatever degree it may exist, we have to deal with a brain condition fixed by the pathological circum stances under which its possessor came into the world or by such as had been present before full cerebral activity could be developed, and the symptoms of which are not dependent on the intervention of any subsequent morbid process.^ In treating of idiocy it must be carefully borne in mind that we are dealing with mental phenomena dissociated for the most part from active bodily disease, and that, in whatever degree it may exist, we have to deal with a brain condition fixed by the pathological circum stances under which its possessor came into the world or by such as had been present before full cerebral activity could be developed, and the symptoms of which are not dependent on the intervention of any subsequent morbid process.

^ The symptoms of the fully developed disease differ in degree in different cases.

^ For the most part I went along with it - had my masks and attitudes hanging and pressed ready to go for whatever occasion was thrown at me.
  • Swirls in my head - Thoughts from a mental mind 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC mentalmommy.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.From the earliest ages the term Amentia has been applied to this condition, in contradistinction to Dementia, the mental weakness following on acquired insanity.^ From the earliest ages the term Amentia has been applied to this condition, in contradistinction to Dementia, the mental weakness following on acquired insanity.

^ The term mania, meaning pathological elevation or excitement, has, like the term melancholia, been applied to all varieties of morbid mental conditions in which Mania.

^ Thus insanity is not a simple condition; it comprises a large number of diseased states of the brain, gathered under one popular term, on account of mental defect or aberration being the predominant symptom.

.The causes of congenital idiocy may be divided into four classes: (i) hereditary predisposition, (2) constitutional conditions of one or both parents affecting the constitution of the infant, (3) injuries of the infant prior to or at birth, and (4) injuries or diseases affecting the infant head during infancy.^ The causes of congenital idiocy may be divided into four classes: (i) hereditary predisposition, (2) constitutional conditions of one or both parents affecting the constitution of the infant , (3) injuries of the infant prior to or at birth, and (4) injuries or diseases affecting the infant head during infancy .

^ He reports that his symptoms began about 1 month ago prior to a fall in his home with a minor head injury that did not involve medical intervention.
  • Mental Disorders Secondary to General Medical Conditions: eMedicine Psychiatry 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ For example, ADHD is not caused by minor head injuries, damage to the brain from complications during birth, food allergies, excess sugar intake, too much television, poor schools, or poor parenting.
  • Mental Illness—Information about Mental Illness and the Brain (Page 3 of 3) 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC science-education.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All these classes of causes may act in two directions: they may produce either non-development or abnormal development of the cranial bones as evidenced by microcephalism, or by deformity of the head; or they may induce a more subtle morbid condition of the constituent elements of the brain.^ All these classes of causes may act in two directions: they may produce either non-development or abnormal development of the cranial bones as evidenced by microcephalism, or by deformity of the head; or they may induce a more subtle morbid condition of the constituent elements of the brain.

^ The Sophists used all of their talents to ensure that their students were capable of arguing with equal facility on either side of any question, with equal zeal for either side of any cause.
  • DOLHENTY ARCHIVE: What is Intellectual Insanity? 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC radicalacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although anxiety in itself is likely to feature in the clinical presentation of most patients, somatic complaints such as chest pain, palpitations, respiratory difficulty, headaches, and the like are also common, and these symptoms may be more common in developing countries.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.As a rule, the pathological process is more easily traceable in the case of the last three classes than in the first.^ As a rule, the pathological process is more easily traceable in the case of the last three classes than in the first.

^ The idea that they might be field testing them on people who are doing nothing more than exercising their first amendment rights is disturbing.” .
  • Blue Crab Boulevard » Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC bluecrabboulevard.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It should be kept in mind that this density is achieved with no "high rise" buildings, and that most multi-family dwellings have no more than three or four units.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.For instance, in the case of constitutional conditions of the parents we may have a history of syphilis, a disease which often leaves its traces on the bones of the skull; and in the third case congenital malformation of the brain may be produced by mechanical causes acting on the child in utero, such as an attempt to procure abortion, or deformities of the maternal pelvis rendering labour difficult and instrumental interference necessary.^ In such cases the bones of the skull may be injured; it is only fair, however, to say that more brains are saved than injured by instrumental interference.

^ Psychological trauma may leave a visible trace in a child's brain, scientists say.
  • Mental Health: News & Videos about Mental Health - CNN.com 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ For instance, in the case of constitutional conditions of the parents we may have a history of syphilis, a disease which often leaves its traces on the bones of the skull; and in the third case congenital malformation of the brain may be produced by mechanical causes acting on the child in utero, such as an attempt to procure abortion , or deformities of the maternal pelvis rendering labour difficult and instrumental interference necessary.

.In such cases the bones of the skull may be injured; it is only fair, however, to say that more brains are saved than injured by instrumental interference.^ In such cases the bones of the skull may be injured; it is only fair, however, to say that more brains are saved than injured by instrumental interference.

^ The substance may be more than only magically efficacious.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, I can honestly say I have learned from, grown from and come to value the painful experiences in my life so that I more readily cherish the simple and beautiful facets of my life.

.With regard to the fourth class, it is evident that the term congenital is not strictly applicable; but, as the period of life implicated is that prior to the potentiality of the manifestation of the intellectual powers, and as the result is identical with that of the other classes of causes, it is warrantable to connect it with them, on pathological principles more than as a mere matter of convenience.^ With regard to the fourth class, it is evident that the term congenital is not strictly applicable; but, as the period of life implicated is that prior to the potentiality of the manifestation of the intellectual powers, and as the result is identical with that of the other classes of causes, it is warrantable to connect it with them, on pathological principles more than as a mere matter of convenience.

^ On the other hand, your psychiatrist will have more power than you.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The pathological difficulty obtains mostly in the relation of the earlier evolutional periods, puberty and adolescence, to insanity; in the others a physiologico-pathological nexus may be traced; but in regard to the former there is nothing to take hold of except the purely physiological process of development of the sexual function, the expansion of the intellectual powers, and rapid increase of the bulk of the body.

.Dr Ireland, in his work On Idiocy and Imbecility (1877), classifies idiots from the standpoint of pathology as follows: (i) Genetous idiocy: in this form, which he holds to be complete before birth, he believes the presumption of heredity to be stronger than in other forms; the vitality of the general system is stated to be lower than normal; the palate is arched and narrow, the teeth misshapen, irregular and prone to decay and the patient dwarfish in appearance; the head is generally unsymmetrical and the commissures occasionally atrophied; (2) Microcephalic idiocy, a term which explains itself; (3) Eclampsic idiocy, due to the effects of infantile convulsions; (4) Epileptic idiocy; (5) Hydrocephalic idiocy, a term which explains itself; (6) Paralytic idiocy, a rare form, due to the brain injury causing the paralysis; (7) Traumatic idiocy, a form produced by the third class of causes above mentioned; (8) Inflammatory idiocy; (9) Idiocy by deprivation of one or more of the special senses.^ This is, on one hand, more disturbing than ever.
  • http://www.madogre.com/News.html 20 November 2009 8:53 UTC www.madogre.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I am suffering from more than one illness mentioned on this list!
  • Yet Another 10 Bizarre Mental Disorders - Listverse 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Why is one more absurd than the other?
  • Salon Hit Piece Implies Truth Seeking Is A Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The general conformation of the idiot is generally imperfect; he is sometimes deformed, but more frequently the frame is merely awkwardly put together, and he is usually of short stature.^ The general conformation of the idiot is generally imperfect; he is sometimes deformed, but more frequently the frame is merely awkwardly put together, and he is usually of short stature.

^ Antidepressants are also sometimes used for more generalized forms of anxiety, especially when accompanied by depression.
  • MEDICATIONS--MENTAL HEALTH/MENTAL ILLNESS 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.medhelp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the symptoms are more acute they usually come on suddenly, generally during the evening or night.

.Only about one-fourth of all idiots have heads smaller than the average.^ Only about one-fourth of all idiots have heads smaller than the average.

^ Now, when we say "troubled," we're not talking about that one naked dude on the subway who constantly masturbates and can only talk in machine code.
  • 5 Mental Disorders That Can Totally Get You Laid | Cracked.com 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]
  • Classic: 5 Mental Disorders That Can Totally Get You Laid | Cracked.com 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ Engage in activities that not only work on the one particular muscle group in the core region, but all of them.
  • Kevin Price | All posts tagged 'insanity' 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.kevinprice.com [Source type: General]

.Many cases are on record in which the cranial measurements exceed the average.^ Many cases are on record in which the cranial measurements exceed the average.

.It is the irregularity of development of the bones of the skull, especially at the base, which marks the condition.^ It is the irregularity of development of the bones of the skull, especially at the base, which marks the condition.

^ As the scale of imbeciles ascends it is found that the condition is evidenced not so much by obtuseness as by irregularity of intellectual development.

.Cases, however, often present themselves in which the skull is perfect in form and size.^ Cases, however, often present themselves in which the skull is perfect in form and size.

^ In such cases the bones of the skull may be injured; it is only fair, however, to say that more brains are saved than injured by instrumental interference.

^ Acute mania, however, is a disease which presents itself in various forms.

.In such the mischief has begun in the brain matter.^ In such the mischief has begun in the brain matter.

.The palate is often highly arched; hare-lip is not uncommon; in fact congenital defect or malformation of other organs than the brain is more commonly met with among idiots than in the general community.^ The palate is often highly arched; hare - lip is not uncommon; in fact congenital defect or malformation of other organs than the brain is more commonly met with among idiots than in the general community.

^ It just seems to be more concentrated in state capitals than in other cities and towns, and in Washington, D.C., New York, and Los Angeles than in any other area in the country.
  • DOLHENTY ARCHIVE: What is Intellectual Insanity? 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC radicalacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The use of the other medications described in this booklet is more limited with children than with adults.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Of the special senses, hearing is most frequently affected.^ Of the special senses, hearing is most frequently affected.

^ At first hallucinations of hearing are the most prominent, but later all the special senses may be implicated.

^ Epilepsy commonly affects young adults in the most productive years of their lives and frequently leads to their being unemployed.
  • PAR-05-100: Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC grants1.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Sight is good, although co-ordination may be defective.^ Sight is good, although co-ordination may be defective.

^ Each award will be administered by one of the participating NIH ICs or other participating agencies, although several co-sponsors may participate in the funding of any given application.
  • PAR-08-113: Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan (R21) 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC grants1.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Each R21 and R01 award will be administered by one of the participating NIH ICs or other participating agencies although several co-sponsors may participate in the funding of any given application.
  • PAR-05-100: Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC grants1.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

Many are mute. .On account of the mental dullness it is difficult to determine whether the senses of touch, taste and smell suffer impairment; but the impression is that their acuteness is below the average.^ On account of the mental dullness it is difficult to determine whether the senses of touch, taste and smell suffer impairment; but the impression is that their acuteness is below the average.

^ Hallucinations of the senses of taste and smell are almost invariably associated with the delusion that the patient's food is being poisoned or that it consists of objectionable matter.

^ The presence of hallucinations certainly indicates some functional disorder of the higher brain centres, but is not an evidence of insanity so long as the sufferer recognizes that the hallucinations are false sense impressions.

.It is needless to attempt a description of the mental phenomena of idiots, which range between utter want of intelligence and mere weakness of intellect.^ It is needless to attempt a description of the mental phenomena of idiots, which range between utter want of intelligence and mere weakness of intellect.

^ Associations between mental health outcomes and having a live birth with no reported adverse reaction were generally weak and inconsistent, with ORs ranging from 0.72 to 1.41.
  • Abortion and mental health disorders: evidence from a 30-year longitudinal study -- Fergusson et al. 193 (6): 444 -- The British Journal of Psychiatry 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC bjp.rcpsych.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Disaggregation of the associations between mental disorders and nonfatal suicide attempts showed that these associations are largely due to disorders predicting the onset of suicidal thoughts rather than predicting progression from thoughts to attempts.
  • PLoS Medicine: Cross-National Analysis of the Associations among Mental Disorders and Suicidal Behavior: Findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.plosmedicine.org [Source type: Academic]

.The term Imbecility has been conventionally employed to indicate the less profound degrees of idiocy, but in point of fact no distinct line of demarcation can be drawn between the conditions.^ The term Imbecility has been conventionally employed to indicate the less profound degrees of idiocy, but in point of fact no distinct line of demarcation can be drawn between the conditions.

^ But the literature of the law of lunacy cannot be clearly understood unless the distinctions between the different terms employed to describe the insane are kept in view.

^ It is employed sometimes in the strict sense, sometimes in contradistinction to "idiocy" or "imbecility"; once at least - viz.

.As the scale of imbeciles ascends it is found that the condition is evidenced not so much by obtuseness as by irregularity of intellectual development.^ As the scale of imbeciles ascends it is found that the condition is evidenced not so much by obtuseness as by irregularity of intellectual development.

^ It is the irregularity of development of the bones of the skull, especially at the base, which marks the condition.

.This serves to mark the difference between the extreme stupidity of the lowest of the healthy and the highest forms of the morbidly deprived type.^ This serves to mark the difference between the extreme stupidity of the lowest of the healthy and the highest forms of the morbidly deprived type.

^ Also, this type of bias could be stronger in some countries than others, which could account for between-country differences in prevalence estimates.
  • Bulletin of the World Health Organization - Cross-national comparisons of the prevalences and correlates of mental disorders 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.scielosp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ If one knows anything about certain types of mental illness such as personality disorders the hall mark of this form of mental illness is a narrowly rigid personality.
  • The Definition of Insanity is, perhaps, using that quote. - O'Reilly Digital Media Blog 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC blogs.oreilly.com [Source type: General]

.The two conditions do not merge gradually one into the other.^ He had two other significant medical conditions.
  • MN Dept of Human Rights : The Right Focus On... Mental Disability 20 September 2009 17:38 UTC www.humanrights.state.mn.us [Source type: Original source]

^ The two conditions do not merge gradually one into the other.

^ Often they will invite one or two of the 'waitresses' to sit with them and they will buy these women liquor or other beverages and often a meal.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.Absolute stupidity and sottishness mark many cases of idiocy, but only in the lowest type, where no dubiety of opinion can exist as to its nature, and in a manner which can never be mistaken for the dulness of the man who is less talented than the average of mankind.^ Absolute stupidity and sottishness mark many cases of idiocy, but only in the lowest type, where no dubiety of opinion can exist as to its nature, and in a manner which can never be mistaken for the dulness of the man who is less talented than the average of mankind.

^ In the case are 3 large frame revolvers of some types… but no one uses them.
  • Navigation 20 November 2009 8:53 UTC www.madogre.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In such cases the bones of the skull may be injured; it is only fair, however, to say that more brains are saved than injured by instrumental interference.

.Where in theory the morbid (in the sense of deprivation) and the healthy types might be supposed to approach each other, in practice we find that, in fact, no debatable ground exists.^ Where in theory the morbid (in the sense of deprivation) and the healthy types might be supposed to approach each other, in practice we find that, in fact, no debatable ground exists.

^ In everyday practical ways he insists that everyone ought to have a supreme regard to his rights, and comparitively little or no regard for other people's rights.

^ In other words, the new DSM was not based on science, but on the need to maintain existing patients and include new ones who might seek help for any number of problems.
  • Dissident Voice : Mental Illness or Social Sickness? 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC dissidentvoice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The uniformity of dulness of the former stands in marked opposition to the irregularity of mental conformation in the latter.^ The uniformity of dulness of the former stands in marked opposition to the irregularity of mental conformation in the latter.

.Comparatively speaking, there are few idiots or imbeciles who are uniformly deprived of mental power; some may be utterly sottish, living a mere vegetable existence, but every one must have heard of the quaint and crafty sayings of manifest idiots, indicating the presence of no mean power of applied observation.^ Comparatively speaking, there are few idiots or imbeciles who are uniformly deprived of mental power; some may be utterly sottish, living a mere vegetable existence, but every one must have heard of the quaint and crafty sayings of manifest idiots, indicating the presence of no mean power of applied observation.

^ JD says that some intellectuals are idiots.
  • The Definition of Insanity is, perhaps, using that quote. - O'Reilly Digital Media Blog 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC blogs.oreilly.com [Source type: General]

^ I would say that the one making the accusations is the one who is mentally disturbed.
  • Salon Hit Piece Implies Truth Seeking Is A Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In institutions for the treatment of idiots and imbeciles, children are found not only able to read and write, but even capable of applying the simpler rules of arithmetic.^ In institutions for the treatment of idiots and imbeciles, children are found not only able to read and write, but even capable of applying the simpler rules of arithmetic .

^ Mal de ojo , while it usually affects only children and animals, has very specific kinds of treatment.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They will rule us as long as they can convince us that capitalism is the only possible system, so that it is futile, idiotic, even reckless, to want anything else.
  • Dissident Voice : Mental Illness or Social Sickness? 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC dissidentvoice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A man may possess a very considerable meed of receptive faculty and yet be idiotic in respect of the power of application; he may be physically disabled from relation, and so be manifestly a deprived person, unfit to take a position in the world on the same platform as his fellows.^ A man may possess a very considerable meed of receptive faculty and yet be idiotic in respect of the power of application; he may be physically disabled from relation, and so be manifestly a deprived person, unfit to take a position in the world on the same platform as his fellows.

^ One person with auditory hallucinations may recognize that he or she is having a false sensory experience, whereas another may be convinced that the source of the sensory experience has an independent physical reality.
  • glossary of psychiatric terminology 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.abess.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ May 11, 2006 (NOT-TW-06-005) - See this notice for Notice Regarding HIV/AIDS-Related R21 and R01 Applications in Response to PAR-05-100, Brain Disorders in the Developing World.
  • PAR-05-100: Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC grants1.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Dr Ireland subdivides idiots, for the purpose of education, into five grades, the first comprising those who can neither speak nor understand speech, the second those who can understand a few easy words, the third those who can speak and can be taught to work, the fourth those who can be taught to read and write, and the fifth those who can read books for themselves.^ Dr Ireland subdivides idiots, for the purpose of education, into five grades, the first comprising those who can neither speak nor understand speech, the second those who can understand a few easy words, the third those who can speak and can be taught to work, the fourth those who can be taught to read and write, and the fifth those who can read books for themselves.

^ There are 16 chapters in the book, divided according to four central themes: the first main theme is entitled 'Set and stage', the second main theme is "Working through trauma", the third major theme of the book is "Horror perspectives', and the fourth and final part of the book discusses the sometimes blurred relationship between external and internal reality, and the subjective interpretation of objectively real events.
  • Physical and Mental Disability in the Movies: A Bibliography of Books and Articles in the UC Berkeley Libraries 25 September 2009 3:57 UTC www.lib.berkeley.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Keep on eye on: those who fart in the wind; those who eat lead paint, and those who imbibe of the slightly minty, multi-purpose paste found in small vats in grade school...
  • mental illnesses by signs - Astrology - tribe.net 11 September 2009 8:26 UTC astronuts.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

.The treatment of idiocy and imbecility consists almost entirely of attention to hygiene and the building up of the enfeebled constitution, along with endeavours to develop what small amount of faculty exists by patiently applied educational influences.^ The treatment of idiocy and imbecility consists almost entirely of attention to hygiene and the building up of the enfeebled constitution, along with endeavours to develop what small amount of faculty exists by patiently applied educational influences.

^ The therapist’s countertransference reactions may influence the progress of treatment, including under- or overestimating risk and becoming overinvolved with or neglectful of the patient.
  • Violence and Mental Illness | Psychiatry MMC 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.psychiatrymmc.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Hallucinations of the senses of taste and smell are almost invariably associated with the delusion that the patient's food is being poisoned or that it consists of objectionable matter.

.The success which has attended this line of treatment in many public and private institutions has been very considerable.^ The success which has attended this line of treatment in many public and private institutions has been very considerable.

^ First of all, let me point out that although there were frequently many common elements in the treatment programs, they were very specific for that individual.
  • MENTAL ILLNESS : Edgar Cayce Health Overview Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.edgarcayce.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even exponents of shock treatment usually admit in their professional publications that many or all shock patients develop an acute organic brain syndrome.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It may be safely stated that most idiotic or imbecile children have a better chance of amelioration in asylums devoted to them than by any amount of care at home.^ It may be safely stated that most idiotic or imbecile children have a better chance of amelioration in asylums devoted to them than by any amount of care at home.

^ This greatly explains the tendency for women to stay at home most of the time and the efforts of some families to keep their children always in their own yards.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This latter may also be the explanation why general paralysis is much more common at the present day in British asylums than it was.

.In the class of idiots just spoken of, imperfect development of the intellectual faculties is the prominent feature, so prominent that it masks the arrest of potentiality of development of the moral sense, the absence of which, even if noticed, is regarded as relatively unimportant; but, in conducting the practical study of congenital idiots, a class presents itself in which the moral sense is wanting or deficient, whilst the intellectual powers are apparently up to the average.^ In the class of idiots just spoken of, imperfect development of the intellectual faculties is the prominent feature, so prominent that it masks the arrest of potentiality of development of the moral sense, the absence of which, even if noticed, is regarded as relatively unimportant; but, in conducting the practical study of congenital idiots, a class presents itself in which the moral sense is wanting or deficient, whilst the intellectual powers are apparently up to the average.

^ Although anxiety in itself is likely to feature in the clinical presentation of most patients, somatic complaints such as chest pain, palpitations, respiratory difficulty, headaches, and the like are also common, and these symptoms may be more common in developing countries.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ With regard to the fourth class, it is evident that the term congenital is not strictly applicable; but, as the period of life implicated is that prior to the potentiality of the manifestation of the intellectual powers, and as the result is identical with that of the other classes of causes, it is warrantable to connect it with them, on pathological principles more than as a mere matter of convenience.

It is the custom of writers on the subject to speak of "intellectual" and "moral" idiots. .The terms are convenient for clinical purposes, but the two conditions cannot be dissociated, and the terms therefore severally only imply a specially marked deprivation of intellect or of moral sense in a given case.^ The terms are convenient for clinical purposes, but the two conditions cannot be dissociated, and the terms therefore severally only imply a specially marked deprivation of intellect or of moral sense in a given case.

^ It has prevented any one from charging truthfully that he has not been permitted to have a fair chance, and it has given him an opportunity of displaying, and the world one of comprehending, his mental and moral condition."

^ When they instead transferred mental disorder patients (for any types of care and for either a short-term or a long-term period), the main reasons were case severity or complexity.
  • BioMed Central | Full text | Variables associated with GPs taking on serious mental disorder patients 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.biomedcentral.com [Source type: Academic]

.The everyday observer has no difficulty in recognizing as a fact that deficiency in receptive capacity is evidence of imperfect cerebral development; but it is not so patent to him that the perception of right or wrong can be compromised through the same cause, or to comprehend that loss of moral sense may result from disease.^ There is no right way, no wrong way.

^ Jim's right, and wrong at the same time.

^ The everyday observer has no difficulty in recognizing as a fact that deficiency in receptive capacity is evidence of imperfect cerebral development; but it is not so patent to him that the perception of right or wrong can be compromised through the same cause, or to comprehend that loss of moral sense may result from disease.

.The same difficulty does not present itself to the pathologist; for, in the case of a child born under circumstances adverse to brain development, and in whom no process of education can develop an appreciation of what is right or wrong, although the intellectual faculties appear to be but slightly blunted, or not blunted at all, he cannot avoid connecting the physical peculiarity with the pathological evidence.^ There is no right way, no wrong way.

^ Jim's right, and wrong at the same time.

^ The same difficulty does not present itself to the pathologist; for, in the case of a child born under circumstances adverse to brain development, and in whom no process of education can develop an appreciation of what is right or wrong, although the intellectual faculties appear to be but slightly blunted, or not blunted at all, he cannot avoid connecting the physical peculiarity with the pathological evidence.

.The world is apt enough to refer any fault in intellectual development, manifested by imperfect receptivity, to a definite physical cause, and is willing to base opinion on comparatively slight data; but it is not so ready to accept the theory of a pathological implichtion of the intellectual attributes concerned in the perception of the difference between right and wrong.^ The world is apt enough to refer any fault in intellectual development, manifested by imperfect receptivity, to a definite physical cause, and is willing to base opinion on comparatively slight data; but it is not so ready to accept the theory of a pathological implichtion of the intellectual attributes concerned in the perception of the difference between right and wrong.

^ The same difficulty does not present itself to the pathologist; for, in the case of a child born under circumstances adverse to brain development, and in whom no process of education can develop an appreciation of what is right or wrong, although the intellectual faculties appear to be but slightly blunted, or not blunted at all, he cannot avoid connecting the physical peculiarity with the pathological evidence.

^ The everyday observer has no difficulty in recognizing as a fact that deficiency in receptive capacity is evidence of imperfect cerebral development; but it is not so patent to him that the perception of right or wrong can be compromised through the same cause, or to comprehend that loss of moral sense may result from disease.

.Were, however, two cases pitted one against another - the first one of so-called intellectual, the second one of so-called moral idiocy - it would be found that, except as regards the psychical manifestations, the cases might be identical.^ Were, however, two cases pitted one against another - the first one of so-called intellectual, the second one of so-called moral idiocy - it would be found that, except as regards the psychical manifestations, the cases might be identical.

^ They were the first ones we called and they were the first ones to talk.
  • Murder Dog Archives 11 September 2009 6:45 UTC www.murderdog.com [Source type: General]

^ However, two months later with another amendment the Minister of Propaganda was removed and the Head of Interal Affairs was made into a non-Cabinet elected position.
  • Random Insanity Alliance - Cyber Nations Wiki 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC cybernations.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.In both there might be a family history of tendency to degeneration, a peculiar cranial conformation, a history of previous symptoms during infancy, and of a series of indications of mental incapacities during adolescence, differing only in this, that in the first the prominent indication of mental weakness was inability to add two and two together, in the second the prominent feature was incapacity to distinguish right from wrong.^ There is no right way, no wrong way.

^ In both there might be a family history of tendency to degeneration, a peculiar cranial conformation, a history of previous symptoms during infancy, and of a series of indications of mental incapacities during adolescence, differing only in this, that in the first the prominent indication of mental weakness was inability to add two and two together, in the second the prominent feature was incapacity to distinguish right from wrong.

^ Seriously, are there any two things that go together better than that?

.What complicates the question of moral idiocy is that many of its subjects can, when an abstract proposition is placed before them, answer according to the dictates of morality, which they may have learnt by rote.^ What complicates the question of moral idiocy is that many of its subjects can, when an abstract proposition is placed before them, answer according to the dictates of morality, which they may have learnt by rote.

^ He may be unaware of these dynamics – but they are at the heart of the narcissistic disorder and the reason the narcissist had to resort to narcissism as a defence mechanism in the first place.
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder And Other Mental Health Disorders (Co-Morbidity and Dual Diagnosis) - narcissisticabuse | Google Groups 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They may be pleasant or disagreeable according as the condition is one of elevation or depression.

.If asked whether it is right or wrong to lie or steal they will say it is wrong; still, when they themselves are detected in either offence, there is an evident non-recognition of its concrete nature.^ If asked whether it is right or wrong to lie or steal they will say it is wrong; still, when they themselves are detected in either offence, there is an evident non-recognition of its concrete nature.

^ There is no right way, no wrong way.

^ "These children believe they have something wrong with their brains that makes it impossible for them to control themselves without using a pill," said Dr. Baughman.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The question of moral idiocy will always be a moot one between the casuist and the pathologist; but, when the whole natural history of such cases is studied, there are points of differentiation between their morbid depravation and mere moral depravity.^ The question of moral idiocy will always be a moot one between the casuist and the pathologist; but, when the whole natural history of such cases is studied, there are points of differentiation between their morbid depravation and mere moral depravity.

^ There are numerous studies that point to lim...
  • Mental Illness Children | LIVESTRONG.COM 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ There is the worry that such expression, while inherently useful, has a point where it is necessary to move on and so after the spleen is vented, so to speak, what next?
  • Clare Allen: Is mental illness an occupational hazard of poets? | Society | guardian.co.uk 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Family history, individual peculiarities, the general bizarre nature of the phenomena, remove such cases from the category of crime.^ Family history, individual peculiarities, the general bizarre nature of the phenomena, remove such cases from the category of crime .

^ Too often, these individuals pay a high price for having co-occurring disorders: lost dreams, lost families, and, in some cases, lost lives.
  • SAMHSA Report to Congress - 2002- Executive Summary 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.samhsa.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ The possible risks of long term treatment with antipsychotic medications must be weighed against the benefits in each individual case by patient, family, and doctor.
  • MEDICATIONS--MENTAL HEALTH/MENTAL ILLNESS 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.medhelp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Males.
Females.
Total.
Proportion
to 100,000
of Pop.
England and Wales
14,728
1 4,7 2 4
29,452
130
Scotland. .. .
2,304
2,317
4,621
134
Ireland
-
-
8,151
150
France (including
cretins).. .
20 ,45 6
1 4, 6 77
35, 1 33
97
Germany (1871)
16,133
14,395
33,739
82
Sweden (1870). .
-
-
1,632
38
Norway. .. .
-
-
2,039
116

Statistics

.According to the census returns of 1901 the total number of persons described as idiots and imbeciles in England and Wales was 29,452, the equality of the sexes being remarkable, namely, 14,728 males and 14,724 females.^ According to the census returns of 1901 the total number of persons described as idiots and imbeciles in England and Wales was 29,452, the equality of the sexes being remarkable, namely, 14,728 males and 14,724 females.

^ According to Ireland, this number (29,452) is 25% below the mark.

^ A person's inner conviction of being male or female.
  • glossary of psychiatric terminology 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.abess.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Compared with the entire population the ratio is I idiot or imbecile to 771 persons, or 13 per 10,000 persons living.^ Compared with the entire population the ratio is I idiot or imbecile to 771 persons, or 13 per 10,000 persons living.

^ The Elderly Persons over the age of 65 make up almost 13 percent of the population of the United States, but they receive 30 percent of prescriptions filled.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even though handicapped persons could live being entirely dependent upon their relatives, few elect to do so.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.Whether the returns are defective, owing to the sensitiveness of persons who would desire to conceal the occurrence of idiocy in their families, we have no means of knowing; but such a feeling is no doubt likely to exist among those who look upon mental infirmity as humiliating, rather than as one of the many physical evils which afflict humanity.^ Once again, I mean no offense to those who actually are synesthetic.
  • Classic: 5 Mental Disorders That Can Totally Get You Laid | Cracked.com 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ In reality, no one knows the future.
  • Dissident Voice : Mental Illness or Social Sickness? 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC dissidentvoice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I know you feel like a teenager, you just don't need to look like one.

.According to Ireland, this number (29,452) is 25% below the mark.^ According to Ireland, this number (29,452) is 25% below the mark.

^ Numbers of Lunatics on the 1st of January of the years1857-1907inclusive, according to Returns made to the Offices of the Commissioners in Lunacy for England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland.

^ According to the census returns of 1901 the total number of persons described as idiots and imbeciles in England and Wales was 29,452, the equality of the sexes being remarkable, namely, 14,728 males and 14,724 females.

.The following table shows the number of idiots according to official returns of the various countries: - For the United States there are no later census figures than 1890 when the "insane, feeble-minded, deaf and dumb and blind" were recorded as 95,57 1 (5 2 ,94 0 males and 42,631 females).^ There is no "insanity-free" zone in the United States.
  • DOLHENTY ARCHIVE: What is Intellectual Insanity? 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC radicalacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The following table shows the number of idiots according to official returns of the various countries: - For the United States there are no later census figures than 1890 when the "insane, feeble-minded, deaf and dumb and blind" were recorded as 95,57 1 (5 2 ,94 0 males and 42,631 females).

^ The relative frequency of congenital and acquired insanity in various countries is shown in the following table, taken from Koch's statistics of insanity in Wurttemberg , which gives the number of idiots to 100 lunatics: It is difficult to understand the wide divergence of these figures, except it be that in certain states, such as Prussia and Bavaria , dements have been taken along with aments and in others cretins.

An estimate made in 1904 (Special Report of Bureau of Census, 1906) numbered the "feeble-minded" at 150,000.
Prussia
158
France .
66
Bavaria
154
Denmark
58
Saxony
- 162
Sweden .
22
Austria .
. 53
Norway .
65
Hungary
140
England and Wales
74
Canton of Bern .
117
Scotland .
68
America. .
79
Ireland. .. .
69
.The relative frequency of congenital and acquired insanity in various countries is shown in the following table, taken from Koch's statistics of insanity in Wurttemberg, which gives the number of idiots to 100 lunatics: It is difficult to understand the wide divergence of these figures, except it be that in certain states, such as Prussia and Bavaria, dements have been taken along with aments and in others cretins.^ The relative frequency of congenital and acquired insanity in various countries is shown in the following table, taken from Koch's statistics of insanity in Wurttemberg , which gives the number of idiots to 100 lunatics: It is difficult to understand the wide divergence of these figures, except it be that in certain states, such as Prussia and Bavaria , dements have been taken along with aments and in others cretins.

^ I feel certain schizophrenics can produce literature — but a more more astounding feat along these lines, I think, was John Nash’s conquering his own schizoid symptoms.
  • Dissident Voice : Mental Illness or Social Sickness? 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC dissidentvoice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The following table shows the number of idiots according to official returns of the various countries: - For the United States there are no later census figures than 1890 when the "insane, feeble-minded, deaf and dumb and blind" were recorded as 95,57 1 (5 2 ,94 0 males and 42,631 females).

.This cannot, however, apply to the case of France, which is stated to have only 66 idiots to every too lunatics.^ Only about half the cases will be detected, however, because many animals will not show any symptoms, LaBudde said.
  • MC Factoids: New & Recent 20 November 2009 8:53 UTC madcowboy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is true however, is that the side of right is on one side only in this case, and the people who are responsible will not back down and put an end to this absolute nonsense .
  • BLOGDIAL » Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC irdial.com [Source type: Original source]

.In many districts of France cretinism is common; it is practically unknown in England, where the proportion of idiots is stated as higher than in France; and it is rare in Prussia, which stands at 158 idiots to too lunatics.^ In many districts of France cretinism is common; it is practically unknown in England, where the proportion of idiots is stated as higher than in France; and it is rare in Prussia, which stands at 158 idiots to too lunatics.

^ They can grow up to be smart idiots stating quotes from unknown authors...
  • The Definition of Insanity is, perhaps, using that quote. - O'Reilly Digital Media Blog 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC blogs.oreilly.com [Source type: General]

^ In the United States the fundamental procedure is an inquisition conducted on practically the same lines as in England.

.Manifestly imperfect as this table is, it shows how important an element idiocy is in social statistics; few are aware that the number of idiots and that of lunatics approach so nearly.^ Manifestly imperfect as this table is, it shows how important an element idiocy is in social statistics; few are aware that the number of idiots and that of lunatics approach so nearly.

^ They show that the number of registered lunatics in 1903 was 150,151; in 1890, 74,028; and in 1880, 40,942.

^ It encourages positive respectful assertiveness and shows how this approach can ultimately get the adolescent more of what he or she wants.
  • Books Dealing with Children's Mental Health 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncpamd.com [Source type: General]

.II. Acquired Insanity.^ II. Acquired Insanity.

^ The forms of insanity may be divided into (I.) Congenital Mental Defect and (II.) Acquired Insanity.

- .So
far as the mental symptoms of acquired insanity are concerned, Pinel's ancient classification, into Mania, Melancholia and Dementia, is still applicable to every case, and although numberless classifications have been advanced they are for the most part merely terminological variations.^ The mental symptoms vary greatly in their severity.

^ So far as the mental symptoms of acquired insanity are concerned, Pinel's ancient classification, into Mania, Melancholia and Dementia, is still applicable to every case, and although numberless classifications have been advanced they are for the most part merely terminological variations.

^ From a clinical point of view, however, the two are distinguishable in so far as their symptoms are concerned, for the presenile cases are more complete and the process of dementia achieves its consummation earlier and quicker, while in the senile the gradual disease of the arteries and the slow decay of the mental faculties offer a different background for the manifestation of mental symptoms.

.Classifications of the insanities based on pathology and etiology have been held out as a solution of the difficulty, but, so far, pathological observations have failed to fulfil this ideal, and no thoroughly satisfactory pathological classification has emerged from them.^ Classifications of the insanities based on pathology and etiology have been held out as a solution of the difficulty, but, so far, pathological observations have failed to fulfil this ideal, and no thoroughly satisfactory pathological classification has emerged from them.

^ Only the most simple minded fails to see that the EU is a terrible organisation and the only solution is for Britain to get out completely as soon as possible.
  • BLOGDIAL » Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC irdial.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In many cases of insanity there is no difficulty in appreciating the pathological nature of the deficiency, but there are others in which the conduct is otherwise so rational that one is apt to attribute the deficiency to physiological rather than to pathological causes.

.Classifications are after all matters of convenience; the following system admittedly is so: Melancholia.^ Classifications are after all matters of convenience; the following system admittedly is so: Melancholia.

Mania.
Delusional Insanity.
Katatonia.
Hebephrenia.
Traumatic Insanity.
.Insanity following upon arterial degeneration.^ Insanity following upon arterial degeneration.

^ Here again, the arteries of the brain are very generally implicated; atheroma in some degree is almost always present, but is by no means necessarily followed by insanity.

^ The proximate causes of insanity may be divided into (I) toxic agents, (2) mechanical injury to the brain, including apoplexies and tumours, and (3) arterial degeneration.

.Insanities associated or caused by: General Paralysis; Epilepsy.^ Insanities associated or caused by: General Paralysis; Epilepsy.

^ The most widely and generally accepted view of the exciting cause of insanity is that the predisposed brain readily breaks down under mental stress or bodily privations.

^ Insanities associated with or caused by Alcoholic and Drug intoxi cation: Delirium Tremens, Chronic Alcoholic Insanity, Dip somania, Morphinism.

.Insanities associated with or caused by Alcoholic and Drug intoxi cation: Delirium Tremens, Chronic Alcoholic Insanity, Dip somania, Morphinism.^ Insanities associated with or caused by Alcoholic and Drug intoxi cation: Delirium Tremens, Chronic Alcoholic Insanity, Dip somania, Morphinism.

^ As to the exciting causes nothing is known beyond the fact that certain forms of disease, closely resembling delusional insanity, are apparently associated or caused by chronic alcoholism or occur as a sequel to syphilitic infection.

^ Insanities associated or caused by: General Paralysis; Epilepsy.

Senile Insanity. - .The general symptoms of acquired insanity group themselves naturally under two heads, the physical and the mental.^ The early physical symptoms are generally motor.

^ The general symptoms of acquired insanity group themselves naturally under two heads, the physical and the mental.

^ These behaviors are included under the general heading of irritability, and include aggression, deliberate self-injury and temper tantrums.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The physical symptoms of mental disease generally, if not invariably, precede the onset of the mental symptoms, and the patient may complain of indefinite symptoms of that the disorder is about to terminate in mental symptoms.^ The onset of the disease is invariably associated with two symptoms.

^ The onset of general paralysis is slow and gradual, and the earliest symptoms may be either physical or mental.

^ They complain about numerous symptoms.
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder And Other Mental Health Disorders (Co-Morbidity and Dual Diagnosis) - narcissisticabuse | Google Groups 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The most general physical disorder common to the onset of all the insanities is the failure of nutrition, i.e. the patient rapidly and apparently without any apparent cause loses weight.^ The most general physical disorder common to the onset of all the insanities is the failure of nutrition, i.e.

^ The most widely and generally accepted view of the exciting cause of insanity is that the predisposed brain readily breaks down under mental stress or bodily privations.

^ The facility has always been the only place for treatment of psychiatric disorders and the patients there come from all over the country.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.Associated with this nutritional failure it is usual to have disturbances of the alimentary tract, such as loss of appetite, dyspepsia and obstinate constipation.^ The symptoms of the stage of onset are disorders of the alimentary tract, such as loss of appetite, vomiting after food and obstinate constipation.

^ Associated with this nutritional failure it is usual to have disturbances of the alimentary tract, such as loss of appetite, dyspepsia and obstinate constipation .

^ The core symptom of major depression is a disturbance of mood; sadness is most typical, but anger, irritability, and loss of interest in usual pursuits may predominate.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.During the prodromal stage of such conditions as mania and melancholia the digestive functions of the stomach and intestine are almost or completely in abeyance.^ During the prodromal stage of such conditions as mania and melancholia the digestive functions of the stomach and intestine are almost or completely in abeyance .

^ The term mania, meaning pathological elevation or excitement, has, like the term melancholia, been applied to all varieties of morbid mental conditions in which Mania.

^ Such a definition would include many chronic cases of melancholia and mania.

.To this implication of other systems consequent on impairment of the trophesial (nourishmentregulating) function of the brain can be traced a large number of the errors which exist as to the causation of idiopathic melancholia and mania.^ To this implication of other systems consequent on impairment of the trophesial (nourishmentregulating) function of the brain can be traced a large number of the errors which exist as to the causation of idiopathic melancholia and mania.

^ F. The disturbance causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other important areas of functioning.
  • Complex post traumatic stress disorder (complex ptsd, pdsd, shell shock, nervousshock, combat fatigue), symptoms and the difference between mental illness and psychiatricinjury explained 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.bullyonline.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Functional deficits of serotonin in the central nervous system have been implicated in certain types of major mood disorders, and particularly in suicide and impulsivity.
  • glossary of psychiatric terminology 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.abess.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Very frequently this secondary condition is set down as the primary cause; the insanity is referred to derangements of the stomach or bowels, when in fact these are, concomitantly with the mental disturbance, results of the cerebral mischief.^ Very frequently this secondary condition is set down as the primary cause; the insanity is referred to derangements of the stomach or bowels, when in fact these are, concomitantly with the mental disturbance, results of the cerebral mischief.

^ These conditions are specially exemplified in the mental disturbances which accompany exophthalmic goitre , uraemic poisoning, and the conditions of depression which are observed in jaundice and other forms of hepatic insufficiency.

^ In all probability the insanity of the climacteric period may be referred to two pathological conditions: it may depend on structural changes in the brain due to fatty degeneration of its arteries and cells, or it may be a secondary result of general systemic disturbance, as indicated by cessation of menstruation in the female and possibly by some analogous modification of the sexual function in men.

.Doubtless these functional derangements exercise considerable influence on the progress of the case by assisting to deprave the general economy, and by producing depressing sensations in the region of the stomach.^ Doubtless these functional derangements exercise considerable influence on the progress of the case by assisting to deprave the general economy, and by producing depressing sensations in the region of the stomach.

^ In the 1990s, atypical (second generation) antipsychotics were developed that are less likely to produce these side effects.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They also tend to produce generalized mental dysfunction and, sometimes relieve depression by rendering the brain and mind unable to generate higher psychospiritual responses.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To them may probably be attributed, together with the apprehension of impending insanity, that phase of the disease spoken of by the older writers as the stadium melancholicum, which so frequently presents itself in incipient cases.^ To them may probably be attributed, together with the apprehension of impending insanity, that phase of the disease spoken of by the older writers as the stadium melancholicum, which so frequently presents itself in incipient cases.

^ It attacks women more frequently than men, and according to Kahlbaum hereditary predisposition to insanity is present in over 50% of the cases attacked.

^ The disease attacks men and women with equal frequency, and as a rule manifests itself either late in adolescence or during the decline of life.

.The skin and its appendages - the hair and the nails - suffer in the general disorder of nutrition which accompanies all insanities.^ The skin and its appendages - the hair and the nails - suffer in the general disorder of nutrition which accompanies all insanities.

^ The most general physical disorder common to the onset of all the insanities is the failure of nutrition, i.e.

^ Contrary to its general definition of mental disorder, the DSM and much research that follows from it considers all symptoms, whether internal or not, expected or not, deviant or not, as signs of disorder.” 12 .
  • Dissident Voice : Mental Illness or Social Sickness? 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC dissidentvoice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The skin may be abnormally dry and scurfy or moist and offensive.^ The skin may be abnormally dry and scurfy or moist and offensive.

.In acute insanities rashes are not uncommon, and in chronic conditions, especially conditions of depression, crops of papules occur on the face, chest and shoulders.^ In acute insanities rashes are not uncommon, and in chronic conditions, especially conditions of depression, crops of papules occur on the face, chest and shoulders.

^ The direct exciting cause or causes have not as yet been demonstrated, but there is no doubt that the disease is associated with, or caused by, a condition of bacterial toxaemia, analogous to the bacterial toxaemias of acute and chronic rheumatism.

^ Acute melancholia may terminate in recovery either gradually or by crises, or the condition may pass into chronicity, while in a small proportion of cases death occurs early in the attack from exhaustion and toxaemia.

.The hair is generally dry, loses its lustre and becomes brittle.^ The hair is generally dry, loses its lustre and becomes brittle.

^ The skin is dull and earthy in appearance, the hair dry, the nails brittle and the heart's action weak and feeble.

.The nails become deformed and may exhibit either excessive and irregular or diminished growth.^ The nails become deformed and may exhibit either excessive and irregular or diminished growth.

^ The disease may commence either in the brain itself or the spinal cord may be primarily the seat of lesion, the brain becoming affected secondarily.

.Where there are grave nutritional disorders it is to be expected that the chief excretions of the body should show departures from the state of health.^ Where there are grave nutritional disorders it is to be expected that the chief excretions of the body should show departures from the state of health.

^ However, although there was evidence of significant associations between exposure to induced abortion and rates of mental health problems, the contribution of induced abortion to population rates of disorder was small.
  • Abortion and mental health disorders: evidence from a 30-year longitudinal study -- Fergusson et al. 193 (6): 444 -- The British Journal of Psychiatry 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC bjp.rcpsych.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Chief Justice Gleeson stated that the ‘Wilberforce controls’ should not be applied inflexibly.
  • Told Nervous Shock: Has the Pendulum Swung in Favour of Recovery by Television Viewers? - [2004] DeakinLRev 31; (2004) 9 Deakin Law Review 731 20 September 2009 19:15 UTC www.austlii.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

.In this article it is impossible to treat this subject fully, but it may suffice to say that in many states of depression there is a great deficiency in the excretion of the solids of the urine, particularly the nitrogenous waste products of the body; while in conditions of excitement there is an excessive output of the nitrogenous waste products.^ Harnisch says he is being treated for depression.
  • Eddy Elmer: Famous people with mental illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.eddyelmer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although lithium will reduce severe manic symptoms in about 5 to 14 days, it may be weeks to several months before the condition is fully controlled.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is too early to say that repletion of the vitamin D system will improve psychiatric symptoms, but there is limited evidence that it may.

.It has lately been pointed out that in many forms of insanity indoxyl is present in the urine, a substance only present when putrefactive processes are taking place in the intestinal tract.^ It has lately been pointed out that in many forms of insanity indoxyl is present in the urine, a substance only present when putrefactive processes are taking place in the intestinal tract.

^ This assures everyone that only the most blatant forms of miscalculation will be labeled insanity.
  • The Definition of Insanity | Tux Deluxe 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuxdeluxe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There have been many studies to point out the fact that the meaning of facial expressions differs from culture to culture.

.The nervous system, both on the sensory and motor side, suffers very generally in all conditions of insanity.^ The nervous system, both on the sensory and motor side, suffers very generally in all conditions of insanity.

^ Initially it all went very well but 4 weeks from today I suffered a panic or anxiety attack which led me to a mild depression, apparently with no reason of being.
  • Post-Traumatic Embitterment Disorder: The Newest Mental Illness? : Living the Scientific Life (Scientist, Interrupted) 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ These influences may act independently of moral shock ; but, where this is coincident, there is a condition of the nervous system unprepared to resist its action.

.On the sensory side the special senses are most liable to disorder of their function, whereby false sense impressions arise which the patient from impairment of judgment is unable to correct, and hence arise the psychical symptoms known as hallucinations and delusions.^ On the sensory side the special senses are most liable to disorder of their function, whereby false sense impressions arise which the patient from impairment of judgment is unable to correct, and hence arise the psychical symptoms known as hallucinations and delusions.

^ Hallucinations are false sense impressions which occur without normal stimuli.

^ Of all the functions of the brain that of sleep is the most liable to disorder in the insane.

.Common sensibility is generally impaired.^ Common sensibility is generally impaired.

.On the motor side, impairment of the muscular power is present in many cases of depression and in all cases of dementia.^ On the motor side, impairment of the muscular power is present in many cases of depression and in all cases of dementia.

^ Closely related to the tricyclics is Asendin (amoxapine), which turns into a neuroleptic in the body and presents all of the hazards of that class of drugs, including tardive dyskinesia and tardive dementia.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The initial studies of tardive dyskinesia showed that many and sometimes all patients also were suffering from serious mental dysfunction, including dementia .
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The incontinence of urine so frequently seen in dementia and in acute insanity complicated with the mental symptom of confusion depends partly on impairment of muscular power and partly on disorder of the sensory apparatus of the brain and spinal cord.^ The incontinence of urine so frequently seen in dementia and in acute insanity complicated with the mental symptom of confusion depends partly on impairment of muscular power and partly on disorder of the sensory apparatus of the brain and spinal cord .

^ Topic 5: Brain disorders and mental dysfunction .
  • Berlin School of Mind and Brain: Publications 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC www.mind-and-brain.de [Source type: Academic]
  • Berlin School of Mind and Brain: Publications 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC www.mind-and-brain.de [Source type: Academic]

^ Stigma has been facilitated by the slow emergence of convincing scientific explanations for the etiologies of mental disorders and by the mistaken belief that symptoms are caused by a lack of will power or reflect some moral taint.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.The outstanding mental symptom in nearly all insanities, acute and recent or chronic, is the failure of the capacity of judgment and loss of self-control.^ The outstanding mental symptom in nearly all insanities, acute and recent or chronic, is the failure of the capacity of judgment and loss of self-control.

^ Loss of self-control is characteristic of all forms of insanity.

^ In acute insanities rashes are not uncommon, and in chronic conditions, especially conditions of depression, crops of papules occur on the face, chest and shoulders.

.In early acute insanities, however, the two chief symptoms which are most evident and easily noted are depression on the one hand and excitement or elevation on the other.^ In early acute insanities, however, the two chief symptoms which are most evident and easily noted are depression on the one hand and excitement or elevation on the other.

^ In acute insanities rashes are not uncommon, and in chronic conditions, especially conditions of depression, crops of papules occur on the face, chest and shoulders.

^ One symptom pattern might be repetitive hand washing beyond the point of skin damage to neutralize fears of contamination.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Some distinction ought to be made between these two terms, excitement and elevation, which at present are used synonymously.^ Some distinction ought to be made between these two terms, excitement and elevation, which at present are used synonymously.

^ The term mania, meaning pathological elevation or excitement, has, like the term melancholia, been applied to all varieties of morbid mental conditions in which Mania.

^ The first two that pop out are uses Czech made Skorpion submachineguns.
  • Navigation 20 November 2009 8:53 UTC www.madogre.com [Source type: Original source]

.Excitement is a mental state which may be and generally is associated with confusion and mental impairment, while elevation is an exaltation of the mental faculties, a condition in which there is no mental confusion, but rather an unrestrained and rapid succession of fleeting mental processes.^ Excitement is a mental state which may be and generally is associated with confusion and mental impairment, while elevation is an exaltation of the mental faculties, a condition in which there is no mental confusion, but rather an unrestrained and rapid succession of fleeting mental processes.

^ Also the patient population, and hence the number of officially designated "lunatics, " has always been determined by the number of beds available in the hospital rather than the general mental health of the populace.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The mental symptoms associated with the disease may arise either as the result of an overdose, when the patient suffers from hallucinations, confusion and mild delirium, frequently associated with vomiting.

.The symptoms which most strongly appeal to the lay mind as conclusive evidence of mental disorder are hallucinations and delusions.^ The symptoms which most strongly appeal to the lay mind as conclusive evidence of mental disorder are hallucinations and delusions.

^ But now, a growing body of evidence suggests poor sleep may actually precede some mental illnesses, in particular depression, mood and anxiety disorders.
  • Lack of sleep linked to depression, other mental illnesses 11 September 2009 8:26 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

^ However, the four most common mental disorders that cause disabilities are major depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) [ 3 , 4 ].
  • Nutrition Journal | Full text | Nutritional therapies for mental health disorders 11 September 2009 8:26 UTC www.nutritionj.com [Source type: Academic]

.Hallucinations are false sense impressions which occur without normal stimuli.^ Hallucinations are false sense impressions which occur without normal stimuli.

^ H  hallucination A sensory perception that has the compelling sense of reality of a true perception but that occurs without external stimulation of the relevant sensory organ.
  • glossary of psychiatric terminology 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.abess.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The presence of hallucinations certainly indicates some functional disorder of the higher brain centres, but is not an evidence of insanity so long as the sufferer recognizes that the hallucinations are false sense impressions.

.The presence of hallucinations certainly indicates some functional disorder of the higher brain centres, but is not an evidence of insanity so long as the sufferer recognizes that the hallucinations are false sense impressions.^ The presence of hallucinations certainly indicates some functional disorder of the higher brain centres, but is not an evidence of insanity so long as the sufferer recognizes that the hallucinations are false sense impressions.

^ Hallucinations are false sense impressions which occur without normal stimuli.

^ When diagnostic criteria were limited to significant functional impairment, the estimate dropped to 11 percent, for a total of 4 million children who suffer from a psychiatric disorder that limits their ability to function.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.So soon, however, as conduct is influenced by hallucinations, then the boundary line between sanity on the one hand and insanity on the other has been crossed.^ So soon, however, as conduct is influenced by hallucinations, then the boundary line between sanity on the one hand and insanity on the other has been crossed.

^ The populace reasons that if one indulges 'too much' in these pastimes, one will soon be unable to act any other way, even when abstaining.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Imbecility" is a state of mental weakness "between the limits of absolute idiocy on the one hand and of perfect capacity on the other" (see i Haggard, Eccles .

.The most common hallucinations are those of sight and hearing.^ The most common hallucinations are those of sight and hearing.

^ Hallucinations of sight and hearing may be present.

^ It is most common among those with a history of vascular disease, alcoholism, or low IQ (Mendez, 1993).
  • Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders: Frontiers for Preventive Intervention Research 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Delusions are not infrequently the result of hallucinations.^ Delusions are not infrequently the result of hallucinations.

.If the hallucinations of a melancholic patient consist in hearing voices which make accusatory statements, delusions of sin and unworthiness frequently follow.^ If the hallucinations of a melancholic patient consist in hearing voices which make accusatory statements, delusions of sin and unworthiness frequently follow.

^ The hallucinations of hearing rarely consist of voices, but are more of the nature of whistlings, and ringings in the ears, shouts, groans or screams which seem to fill the air , or emanate from the walls or floors of the room.

^ Remaining empathetic, making soothing statements, and expressing concern for the patient’s wellbeing reinforces the idea that everyone is present to ensure the patient’s safety and access to treatment.
  • Violence and Mental Illness | Psychiatry MMC 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.psychiatrymmc.com [Source type: Academic]

.Hallucinations of the senses of taste and smell are almost invariably associated with the delusion that the patient's food is being poisoned or that it consists of objectionable matter.^ Hallucinations of the senses of taste and smell are almost invariably associated with the delusion that the patient's food is being poisoned or that it consists of objectionable matter.

^ The food is poisoned or consists of filth.

^ The mental symptoms associated with the disease may arise either as the result of an overdose, when the patient suffers from hallucinations, confusion and mild delirium, frequently associated with vomiting.

.On the other hand, many delusions are apparently the outcome of the patient's mental state.^ On the other hand, many delusions are apparently the outcome of the patient's mental state.

^ The quote states that “On the other hand, people with a serious mental illness such as bipolar disorder usually do have SOME control over what they do.” .
  • Yet Another 10 Bizarre Mental Disorders - Listverse 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Mental disorders are stigmatized in many countries and cultures ( Weiss and others 2001 ).
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.They may be pleasant or disagreeable according as the condition is one of elevation or depression.^ They may be pleasant or disagreeable according as the condition is one of elevation or depression.

^ They commonly avoid crowds, traveling, bridges, and elevators, and ultimately some individuals may stop leaving home altogether.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ How much lithium people need to take may vary over time, depending on how ill they are, their body chemistry, and their physical condition.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The intensity and quality of the delusions are largely influenced by the intelligence and education of the patient.^ The intensity and quality of the delusions are largely influenced by the intelligence and education of the patient.

^ Later, delusions may appear and also hallucinations of hearing, and under their influence the patient may be impulsive and violent.

.An educated man, for instance, who suffers from sensory disturbances is much more ingenious in his explanations as to how these sensory disturbances result from electricity, marconigrams, X-rays, &c., which he believes are used by his enemies to annoy him, than an ignorant man suffering from the same abnormal sensations.^ He's so much more than I could ever hope to be.

^ This is, on one hand, more disturbing than ever.
  • http://www.madogre.com/News.html 20 November 2009 8:53 UTC www.madogre.com [Source type: Original source]

^ An educated man, for instance, who suffers from sensory disturbances is much more ingenious in his explanations as to how these sensory disturbances result from electricity , marconigrams, X-rays, &c., which he believes are used by his enemies to annoy him, than an ignorant man suffering from the same abnormal sensations.

.Loss of self-control is characteristic of all forms of insanity.^ Loss of self-control is characteristic of all forms of insanity.

^ All but one referred to various forms of insanity.
  • Dissident Voice : Mental Illness or Social Sickness? 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC dissidentvoice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Melancholia is a general term applied to all forms of insanity in which the prevailing mental symptom is that of depression and dates back to the time of Hippocrates .

.Normal self-control is so much a matter of race, age, the state of health, moral and physical upbringing, that it is impossible to lay down any law whereby this mental quality can be gauged, or to determine when deficiency has passed from a normal to an abnormal state.^ Normal self-control is so much a matter of race, age, the state of health, moral and physical upbringing, that it is impossible to lay down any law whereby this mental quality can be gauged, or to determine when deficiency has passed from a normal to an abnormal state.

^ Up until the 50's the mental health system consisted of commitment in a state facility until forgotten about.
  • PhillyBurbs.com:  Training police to think differently about mental illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.phillyburbs.com [Source type: News]

^ While it’s not a solution to our health care crisis being able to cope with life provides a foundation for so much more, including self-sufficiency.
  • Occam's Razor: Mental Illness Tag Archive 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: Original source]

.In many cases of insanity there is no difficulty in appreciating the pathological nature of the deficiency, but there are others in which the conduct is otherwise so rational that one is apt to attribute the deficiency to physiological rather than to pathological causes.^ There are no 'home remedies' or herbal preparations for cases of insanity.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It happens in many other cases.
  • Aaron Poeze » kubuntu,kde,wine,military 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC insanityblog.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No one was there to hear this speech.
  • BLOGDIAL » Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC irdial.com [Source type: Original source]

.Perversion of the moral sense is common to all the insanities, but is often the only symptom to be noticed in cases of imbecility and idiocy, and it as a rule may be the earliest symptom noticed in the early stages of the excitement of manic-depressive insanity and general paralysis.^ The early physical symptoms are generally motor.

^ Perversion of the moral sense is common to all the insanities, but is often the only symptom to be noticed in cases of imbecility and idiocy, and it as a rule may be the earliest symptom noticed in the early stages of the excitement of manic-depressive insanity and general paralysis.

^ These games ignore all the rules of nature (and the rules of the animal kingdom in particular, it seems) and common sense to force players into bizarre worlds of crystal-grabbing, monkey punching and hobo clown feeding.
  • Topless Robot - Insanity Archives 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.toplessrobot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The tendency to commit suicide, which is so common among the insane and those predisposed to insanity, is especially prevalent in patients who suffer from depression, sleeplessness and delusions of persecution.^ Yet psychiatrists persist in giving them to depressed patients who are suicidal.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tendency to commit suicide , which is so common among the insane and those predisposed to insanity, is especially prevalent in patients who suffer from depression, sleeplessness and delusions of persecution.

^ In acute insanities rashes are not uncommon, and in chronic conditions, especially conditions of depression, crops of papules occur on the face, chest and shoulders.

.Suicidal acts may be divided into accidental, impulsive and premeditated.^ Suicidal acts may be divided into accidental, impulsive and premeditated.

^ Insanity following blows on the head is divided into (I) the forms in which the insanity immediately follows the accident ; (2) the form in which there Traumatic i s a n intermediate prodromal stage characterized b.

^ For convenience of description the disease may be divided into (i) the stage of onset; (2) the stage of stupor; (3) the stage of excitement.

.The accidental suicides occur in patients who are partially or totally unconscious of their surroundings, and are generally the result of terrifying hallucinations, to escape malaise for weeks and months before it is suspected p from which the patient jumps through a window or runs blindly into water or some other danger.^ The accidental suicides occur in patients who are partially or totally unconscious of their surroundings, and are generally the result of terrifying hallucinations, to escape malaise for weeks and months before it is suspected p from which the patient jumps through a window or runs blindly into water or some other danger.

^ Sally jumps through a window to escape him and breaks a limb.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A very common history of such a case prior to admission is that the patient has attempted suicide by jumping out of a window, the attempt being in reality an unconscious effort on the part of the patient to escape from some imaginary danger.

.Impulsive suicides may be prompted by suddenly presented opportunities or means of selfdestruction, such as the sight of water, fire, a knife, cord or poison.^ Impulsive suicides may be prompted by suddenly presented opportunities or means of selfdestruction, such as the sight of water, fire, a knife , cord or poison.

^ Hallucinations of sight and hearing may be present.

^ Suicidal acts may be divided into accidental, impulsive and premeditated.

.Premeditated suicides most frequently occur in states of long continued depression.^ Premeditated suicides most frequently occur in states of long continued depression.

^ The definition of rapid cycling most frequently cited in the literature (including the DSM) is that of Dunner and Fieve: at least four major depressive, manic, hypomanic or mixed episodes are required to have occurred during a 12-month period.
  • Yet Another 10 Bizarre Mental Disorders - Listverse 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Most murder-suicides occurred in the home (75%).
  • Criminal Insanity 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.karisable.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Such patients frequently devote their attention to only one method of destruction and fail to avail themselves of others equally practicable.^ Other second-generation antipsychotics, such as risperidone, olanzapine, and quetiapine, have shown equal efficacy in psychiatric patients with chronic violent behavior as compared to traditional neuroleptics.
  • Violence and Mental Illness | Psychiatry MMC 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.psychiatrymmc.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The outcry wasn't directed at the extreme treatments themselves, which were similar to numerous other regressive shock techniques, variations of which still are practiced in the United States.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is frequently used by women to try to attract a man when other means have failed.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.As a rule the more educated the patient, the more ingenious and varied are the methods adopted to attain the desired result.^ As a rule the more educated the patient, the more ingenious and varied are the methods adopted to attain the desired result.

^ Most Belizeans order their lives by the methods that are the most feasible and available, almost independent of any ideal they are striving to attain or the moral desirability of acts.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The acute symptoms tend to remit at regular intervals, the patient becoming more quiet and less demonstratively depressed; but as a rule these remissions are extremely temporary.

.The faculty of attention is variously affected in the subjects of insanity.^ The faculty of attention is variously affected in the subjects of insanity.

.In some the attention is entirely subjective, being occupied by sensations of misery, depression or sensory disturbances.^ In some the attention is entirely subjective, being occupied by sensations of misery, depression or sensory disturbances.

.In others the attention is objective, and attracted by every accidental sound or movement.^ In others the attention is objective , and attracted by every accidental sound or movement.

^ It involves acting with little or no insight or reflection and in order to attract attention and disrupt other people's cozy lives.
  • Mental Health and Psychology Dictionary - Psychology, Psychiatry, and Psychopathology 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Violence attracts attention in the news media, in the entertainment business, in world politics, and in countless other settings.
  • Violence and Mental Illness | Psychiatry MMC 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.psychiatrymmc.com [Source type: Academic]

.In most of the early acute insanities the capacity of attention is wholly abolished, while in hebephrenia the stage of exhaustion which follows acute excitement, and the condition known as secondary dementia, loss of the power of attention is one of the most prominent symptoms.^ In most of the early acute insanities the capacity of attention is wholly abolished, while in hebephrenia the stage of exhaustion which follows acute excitement, and the condition known as secondary dementia, loss of the power of attention is one of the most prominent symptoms.

^ In acute insanities rashes are not uncommon, and in chronic conditions, especially conditions of depression, crops of papules occur on the face, chest and shoulders.

^ In early acute insanities, however, the two chief symptoms which are most evident and easily noted are depression on the one hand and excitement or elevation on the other.

.The memory for both recent and remote events is impaired or abolished in all acute insanities which are characterized by confusion and loss or impairment of consciousness.^ The memory for both recent and remote events is impaired or abolished in all acute insanities which are characterized by confusion and loss or impairment of consciousness.

^ In both conditions memory is greatly impaired.

^ Loss of memory for recent but not remote events is characteristic of chronic alcoholism and senility and even the early stage of general paralysis.

.In the excited stage of manic-depressive insanity it is not uncommon to find that the memory is abnormally active.^ The continued failure to comprehend the insanity epidemic will result in a failure to respond to an increasing number of homeless and incarcerated people suffering from schizophrenia and manic-depressive illness.
  • Criminal Insanity 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.karisable.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Manic Depression Ups and Downs of Bipolar Disorder Of all the things I've learned in the field of psychology, I find the paradox of bipolar disorder to be most intriguing.
  • Psychological Disorder - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 20 September 2009 11:41 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ Depression There are a few locally recognized and named mental states which although not considered to be insanity are thought to be abnormal.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.Loss of memory for recent but not remote events is characteristic of chronic alcoholism and senility and even the early stage of general paralysis.^ Loss of memory for recent but not remote events is characteristic of chronic alcoholism and senility and even the early stage of general paralysis.

^ Loss of memory of events that occurred before the onset of the etiological condition or agent.
  • glossary of psychiatric terminology 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.abess.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Loss of memory pertaining to events that occurred after the onset of the amnetic condition or agent.
  • Mental Health and Psychology Dictionary - Psychology, Psychiatry, and Psychopathology 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Of all the functions of the brain that of sleep is the most liable to disorder in the insane.^ Of all the functions of the brain that of sleep is the most liable to disorder in the insane.

^ The presence of hallucinations certainly indicates some functional disorder of the higher brain centres, but is not an evidence of insanity so long as the sufferer recognizes that the hallucinations are false sense impressions.

^ The most general physical disorder common to the onset of all the insanities is the failure of nutrition, i.e.

.Sleeplessness is the earliest symptom in the onset of insanity; it is universally present in all the acute forms, and the return of natural sleep is generally the first symptom of recovery.^ Sleeplessness is the earliest symptom in the onset of insanity; it is universally present in all the acute forms, and the return of natural sleep is generally the first symptom of recovery.

^ The patients who recover frequently show at the onset of their disease acute symptoms, such as mild excitement, slightly febrile temperature and quick pulse-rate.

^ Primary disorders of sleep or wakefulness characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia as the major presenting symptom.
  • glossary of psychiatric terminology 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.abess.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The causes of sleeplessness are very numerous, but in the majority of acute cases the sleeplessness is due to a state of toxaemia. .The toxins act either directly on the brain cells producing a state of irritability incompatible with sleep, or indirectly, producing physical symptoms which of themselves alone are capable of preventing the condition of sleep.^ The toxins act either directly on the brain cells producing a state of irritability incompatible with sleep, or indirectly, producing physical symptoms which of themselves alone are capable of preventing the condition of sleep.

^ All these classes of causes may act in two directions: they may produce either non-development or abnormal development of the cranial bones as evidenced by microcephalism, or by deformity of the head; or they may induce a more subtle morbid condition of the constituent elements of the brain.

^ The direct exciting cause or causes are unknown, but the physical symptoms suggest that the condition is one of acute toxaemia or poisoning, and the changes in the blood are such as are consequent on bacterial toxaemia.

.These symptoms are high arterial tension and a rapid pulse-rate.^ These symptoms are high arterial tension and a rapid pulse -rate.

^ The patients who recover frequently show at the onset of their disease acute symptoms, such as mild excitement, slightly febrile temperature and quick pulse-rate.

^ When sleep set in, in these cases, no alteration was noted in the arterial tension, but the pulse was markedly diminished.

.The arterial tension of health ranges between 110 and 120 millimetres of mercury, and when sleep occurs the arterial tension falls and is rarely above Ioo millimetres.^ The arterial tension of health ranges between 110 and 120 millimetres of mercury , and when sleep occurs the arterial tension falls and is rarely above Ioo millimetres.

^ When sleep set in, in these cases, no alteration was noted in the arterial tension, but the pulse was markedly diminished.

^ In a few cases suffering from sleeplessness the arterial tension was found to be below Ioo millimetres, accompanied by a rapid pulse-rate.

.In observations conducted by Bruce (Scottish Medical and Surgical Journal, August 1900) on cases of insanity suffering from sleepless.^ In observations conducted by Bruce ( Scottish Medical and Surgical Journal, August 1900) on cases of insanity suffering from sleepless.

^ "Divergent Views Between Law and Psychiatry on Problems of Sentencing", (August 1964) 87 Canadian Medical Association Journal 229-234; .
  • Mental Disorder in Canadian Criminal Law 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.lareau-law.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ In a few cases suffering from sleeplessness the arterial tension was found to be below Ioo millimetres, accompanied by a rapid pulse-rate.

ness the arterial tension was found to be as high as 140 and 150 millimetres. .When such sleep was obtained the tension always sank at once to 110 millimetres or even lower.^ When such sleep was obtained the tension always sank at once to 110 millimetres or even lower.

^ The arterial tension of health ranges between 110 and 120 millimetres of mercury , and when sleep occurs the arterial tension falls and is rarely above Ioo millimetres.

^ Sleep is absent or obtained in short snatches, and even when asleep the patient is often restless and talkative as if the disease processes were still active.

.In a few cases suffering from sleeplessness the arterial tension was found to be below Ioo millimetres, accompanied by a rapid pulse-rate.^ In a few cases suffering from sleeplessness the arterial tension was found to be below Ioo millimetres, accompanied by a rapid pulse-rate.

^ These symptoms are high arterial tension and a rapid pulse -rate.

^ When sleep set in, in these cases, no alteration was noted in the arterial tension, but the pulse was markedly diminished.

.When sleep set in, in these cases, no alteration was noted in the arterial tension, but the pulse was markedly diminished.^ When sleep set in, in these cases, no alteration was noted in the arterial tension, but the pulse was markedly diminished.

^ These symptoms are high arterial tension and a rapid pulse -rate.

^ As nothing is materially changed by these cases, no matter what the outcome, they are primarily outlets for vindictiveness and a desire for personal revenge and public embarrassment of the offender.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

Melancholia. - .Melancholia is a general term applied to all forms of insanity in which the prevailing mental symptom is that of depression and dates back to the time of Hippocrates.^ Melancholia is a general term applied to all forms of insanity in which the prevailing mental symptom is that of depression and dates back to the time of Hippocrates .

^ It’s not just updates, it’s the advertising, the known and unknown info passed back via the net, the forms and permissions and terms of agreement and read the privacy document first.
  • Aaron Poeze » kubuntu,kde,wine,military 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC insanityblog.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These conditions are specially exemplified in the mental disturbances which accompany exophthalmic goitre , uraemic poisoning, and the conditions of depression which are observed in jaundice and other forms of hepatic insufficiency.

.Melancholic patients, however, differ scholia. very widely from one another in their mental symptoms, and as a consequence a perfectly unwarrantable series of subdivisions have been invented according to the prominence of one or other mental symptoms.^ Melancholic patients, however, differ scholia.

^ Another very general mental symptom is the presence of emotionalism which leads the patient to be affected either to tears or to laughter upon trifling and inadequate occasions.

^ The mental symptoms associated with the disease may arise either as the result of an overdose, when the patient suffers from hallucinations, confusion and mild delirium, frequently associated with vomiting.

.Such terms as delusional melancholia, resistive melancholia, stuporose melancholia, suicidal melancholia, religious melancholia, &c.^ Such terms as delusional melancholia, resistive melancholia, stuporose melancholia, suicidal melancholia, religious melancholia, &c.

^ As in melancholia so in mania various subdivisions have been invented, such as delusional mania, religious mania, homicidal mania, according to the special mental characteristics of each case, but such varieties are of accidental origin and cannot be held to be subdivisions.

have so arisen; they are, however, more descriptive of individual cases than indicative of types of disease.
.So far as our present knowledge goes, at least three different and distinct disease conditions can be described under the general term melancholia.^ So far as our present knowledge goes, at least three different and distinct disease conditions can be described under the general term melancholia.

^ Under the term mania two distinct diseased conditions can be described, viz.

^ It is not correct to define the condition as a disease in which delusions dominate the conduct and are the chief mental symptom present.

.These are, acute melancholia, excited melancholia and the state of depression occurring in Folie circulaire or alternating insanity, a condition in which the patient is liable to suffer from alternating attacks of excitement and depression.^ These are, acute melancholia, excited melancholia and the state of depression occurring in Folie circulaire or alternating insanity, a condition in which the patient is liable to suffer from alternating attacks of excitement and depression.

^ In acute insanities rashes are not uncommon, and in chronic conditions, especially conditions of depression, crops of papules occur on the face, chest and shoulders.

^ Periodic Influence 8 Statistics 9 Treatment 10 Excited Melancholia 11 Treatment 12 Treatment 13 Acute Mania 14 Treatment 15 The Elevated Stage of Folie Circulaire or Manic Depressive Insanity 16 Treatment 17 Treatment 18 Treatment 19 (b) Arterial Degeneration 20 Chronic Alcoholic Insanity 21 Dipsomania 22 2.

.Acute Melancholia is a disease of adult life and the decline of life.^ Acute Melancholia is a disease of adult life and the decline of life.

^ The minor tranquilizers can produce paradoxical reactions--acute agitation, confusion, disorientation, anxiety, and aggression--especially in children, adults with brain disease, and the elderly.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The disease occurs with equal frequency in men and women, and in the majority of cases commences during adolescence or early adult life.

.Women appear to be more liable to be attacked than men.^ Women appear to be more liable to be attacked than men.

^ Some are just more prone than others for his attacks.

^ The general bodily condition has a great deal to do with the onset of the attack, that is to say, the patient is more liable to an attack when the bodily condition is low than when the health is good.

.Hereditary predisposition, mental worry, exhausting occupations, such as the sick-nursing of relatives, are the chief predisposing causes, while the direct exciting cause of the condition is due to the accumulation in the tissues of waste products, which so load the blood as to act in a toxic manner on the cells and fibres of the brain.^ Hereditary predisposition is present in over 50% of the cases and is the chief predisposing cause.

^ The universally accepted predisposing cause is hereditary predisposition.

^ Hereditary predisposition, mental worry, exhausting occupations, such as the sick- nursing of relatives, are the chief predisposing causes, while the direct exciting cause of the condition is due to the accumulation in the tissues of waste products, which so load the blood as to act in a toxic manner on the cells and fibres of the brain.

.The onset of the disease is gradual and indefinite.^ The onset of the disease is gradual and indefinite.

^ The onset of the disease is always gradual and is associated with mal-nutrition, loss of body weight, nervousness, depression, loss of the capacity for work, sleeplessness and attacks of restlessness.

^ The physical symptoms of mental disease generally, if not invariably, precede the onset of the mental symptoms, and the patient may complain of indefinite symptoms of that the disorder is about to terminate in mental symptoms.

.The patient suffers from malaise, indigestion, constipation and irregular, rapid and forcible action of the heart.^ The patient suffers from malaise, indigestion, constipation and irregular, rapid and forcible action of the heart.

^ The heart's action is rapid and forcible.

^ The heart's action is often weak and irregular, but beyond these symptoms there are no special characteristic symptoms.

.The urine become scanty and high coloured.^ The urine become scanty and high coloured.

.The nervous symptoms are irritability, sleeplessness and a feeling of mental confusion.^ The nervous symptoms are irritability, sleeplessness and a feeling of mental confusion.

^ The mental symptoms associated with the disease may arise either as the result of an overdose, when the patient suffers from hallucinations, confusion and mild delirium, frequently associated with vomiting.

.The actual onset of the acute mental symptoms may be sudden, and is not infrequently heralded by distressing hallucinations of hearing, together with a rise in the body temperature.^ The actual onset of the mental symptoms themselves, however, are frequently sudden.

^ Hallucinations of sight and hearing may be present.

^ The actual onset of the acute mental symptoms may be sudden, and is not infrequently heralded by distressing hallucinations of hearing, together with a rise in the body temperature.

.In the fully developed disease the patient is flushed and the skin hot and dry; the temperature is usually raised I° above the normal in the evening.^ In the fully developed disease the patient is flushed and the skin hot and dry; the temperature is usually raised I° above the normal in the evening.

^ In the fully developed disease the appearance of the patient is typical.

^ The patients who recover frequently show at the onset of their disease acute symptoms, such as mild excitement, slightly febrile temperature and quick pulse-rate.

.The pulse is hard, rapid and often irregular.^ The pulse is rapid, irregular and intermittent.

^ The pulse is hard, rapid and often irregular.

.There is no desire for food, but dryness of the mouth and tongue promote a condition of thirst.^ There is no desire for food, but dryness of the mouth and tongue promote a condition of thirst.

^ There is often no desire for food or drink.

^ Also, he would note, there was no danger of biting his tongue when jumping.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

The bowels are constipated. .The urine is scanty and frequently contains large quantities of indoxyl.^ The urine is scanty and frequently contains large quantities of indoxyl.

^ The diet should be bland, consisting largely of milk, eggs and farinaceous food, given in small quantities and frequently.

^ Large quantities of urine are excreted, which are laden with waste products.

.The blood shows no demonstrable departure from the normal.^ The blood shows no demonstrable departure from the normal.

.The patient is depressed, the face has a strained, anxious expression, while more or less mental confusion is always present.^ Mentally the patient, although depressed, miserable and selfabsorbed, is not confused.

^ The expression is drawn, depressed, anxious or apprehensive.

^ The patient is depressed, the face has a strained, anxious expression, while more or less mental confusion is always present.

.Typical cases suffer from distressing aural hallucinations, and the function of sleep is in abeyance.^ Typical cases suffer from distressing aural hallucinations, and the function of sleep is in abeyance.

^ Many patients pass through attack after attack without suffering from hallucinations or delusions, but in rare cases hallucinations of hearing and sight are present.

^ The presence of hallucinations certainly indicates some functional disorder of the higher brain centres, but is not an evidence of insanity so long as the sufferer recognizes that the hallucinations are false sense impressions.

.Acute melancholia may terminate in recovery either gradually or by crises, or the condition may pass into chronicity, while in a small proportion of cases death occurs early in the attack from exhaustion and toxaemia.^ In the continuous attack the recovery is gradual.

^ Acute melancholia may terminate in recovery either gradually or by crises, or the condition may pass into chronicity, while in a small proportion of cases death occurs early in the attack from exhaustion and toxaemia.

^ When death occurs, it is usually preceded by a condition known as the "typhoid state."

.The acute stage of onset generally lasts for from two to three weeks, and within that period the patient may make a rapid and sudden recovery.^ The acute stage of onset generally lasts for from two to three weeks, and within that period the patient may make a rapid and sudden recovery.

^ The attacks may last from six months to two or three years.

^ During the acute stage of onset the patient should be placed in bed.

.The skin becomes moist and perspiration is often profuse.^ The skin becomes moist and perspiration is often profuse.

^ The temperature rises, the face becomes flushed and the skin moist.

.Large quantities of urine are excreted, which are laden with waste products.^ Large quantities of urine are excreted, which are laden with waste products.

^ The urine is scanty and frequently contains large quantities of indoxyl.

.The pulse becomes soft and compressible, sleep returns, and the depression, mental confusion and hallucinations pass away.^ The pulse becomes soft and compressible, sleep returns, and the depression, mental confusion and hallucinations pass away.

^ But now, a growing body of evidence suggests poor sleep may actually precede some mental illnesses, in particular depression, mood and anxiety disorders.
  • Lack of sleep linked to depression, other mental illnesses 11 September 2009 8:26 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

^ The patient is depressed, confused, suffers from hallucinations of hearing and there are disturbances of the bodily health.

.In the majority of untreated cases, however, recovery is much more gradual.^ The onset is gradual in the large majority of cases.

^ In the majority of untreated cases, however, recovery is much more gradual.

^ Acute mania in the majority of cases ends in recovery.

.At the end of two or three weeks from the onset of the attack the patient gradually passes into a condition of comparative tranquillity.^ The two conditions do not merge gradually one into the other.

^ At the end of two or three weeks from the onset of the attack the patient gradually passes into a condition of comparative tranquillity.

^ The general bodily condition has a great deal to do with the onset of the attack, that is to say, the patient is more liable to an attack when the bodily condition is low than when the health is good.

.The skin becomes moister, the pulse less rapid, and probably the earliest symptom of improvement is return of sleep.^ The skin becomes moister, the pulse less rapid, and probably the earliest symptom of improvement is return of sleep.

^ The patient sleeps better, begins to lay on flesh, the sudden mental fluctuations become less marked and finally disappear.

^ Sleeplessness is the earliest symptom in the onset of insanity; it is universally present in all the acute forms, and the return of natural sleep is generally the first symptom of recovery.

.Hallucinations accompanied by delusions persist often for weeks and months, but as the patient improves physically the mental symptoms become less and less prominent.^ Hallucinations accompanied by delusions persist often for weeks and months, but as the patient improves physically the mental symptoms become less and less prominent.

^ Mentally the patient becomes quite demented.

^ Often such charges are based on behaviors that are direct manifestations of the patients’ then untreated symptoms, such as paranoia leading to trespassing or grandiosity resulting in breaking and entering.
  • Violence and Mental Illness | Psychiatry MMC 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.psychiatrymmc.com [Source type: Academic]

.If the patient does not recover, the physical symptoms are those of mal-nutrition, together with chronic gastric and intestinal disorder.^ If the patient does not recover, the physical symptoms are those of mal-nutrition, together with chronic gastric and intestinal disorder.

^ Patients with personality disorders - except those suffering from the Schizoid or the Avoidant Personality Disorders - expect preferential and privileged treatment, present with numerous symptoms, frequently second guess the diagnosis and disobey the physician.
  • Mental Health and Psychology Dictionary - Psychology, Psychiatry, and Psychopathology 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Positive Psychology Somatoform and Dissociative Disorders The Somatoform and Dissociative disorders were once considered to be hysterical neuroses, and were thought to be conversion of unconscious emotional conflicts into physical symptoms.
  • Psychological Disorders - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 25 September 2009 3:57 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

.The skin is dull and earthy in appearance, the hair dry, the nails brittle and the heart's action weak and feeble.^ The skin is dull and earthy in appearance, the hair dry, the nails brittle and the heart's action weak and feeble.

^ The heart's action is often weak and irregular, but beyond these symptoms there are no special characteristic symptoms.

^ The skin and its appendages - the hair and the nails - suffer in the general disorder of nutrition which accompanies all insanities.

.Mentally there is profound depression with delusions, and persistent or recurring attacks of hallucinations of hearing.^ Mentally there is profound depression with delusions, and persistent or recurring attacks of hallucinations of hearing.

^ Delusions of unworthiness and unpardonable sin are not uncommon, and if once expressed are liable to recur again during the course of each successive attack.

^ The actual onset of the acute mental symptoms may be sudden, and is not infrequently heralded by distressing hallucinations of hearing, together with a rise in the body temperature.

.When death occurs, it is usually preceded by a condition known as the "typhoid state."^ When death occurs, it is usually preceded by a condition known as the "typhoid state."

^ These are, acute melancholia, excited melancholia and the state of depression occurring in Folie circulaire or alternating insanity, a condition in which the patient is liable to suffer from alternating attacks of excitement and depression.

^ The most severe condition of this kind is 'kabankah' and it usually occurs in men.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.The patient rapidly passes into a state of extreme exhaustion, the tongue is dry and cracked, sordes form upon the teeth and lips, diarrhoea and congestion of the lungs rapidly supervene and terminate life.^ The patient rapidly passes into a state of extreme exhaustion, the tongue is dry and cracked, sordes form upon the teeth and lips, diarrhoea and congestion of the lungs rapidly supervene and terminate life.

^ The tongue and lips are cracked and dry through excessive shouting or speaking.

^ In some cases it lasts for weeks, in others for months or years, and may be the terminal stage of the disease, the patient gradually sinking into dementia or making a recovery.

Treatment

.The patient in the early stage of the disease must be confined to bed and nursed by night as well as day.^ The patient in the early stage of the disease must be confined to bed and nursed by night as well as day.

^ If a hypnotic is necessary, as it will be if the patient has had no natural sleep for two nights in succession, then a full dose of paraldehyde or veronal may be given at bed-time.

^ A recovering patient gradually gains weight, sleeps soundly at night and has periods of partial quiescence during the day, particularly in the morning after a good night's sleep.

.The food to begin with should be milk, diluted with hot water or aerated water, given frequently and in small quantities.^ The diet should be bland, consisting largely of milk, eggs and farinaceous food, given in small quantities and frequently.

^ The food should be concentrated and fluid, given frequently and in small quantities.

^ The food to begin with should be milk , diluted with hot water or aerated water, given frequently and in small quantities.

.The large intestine should be thoroughly cleared out by large enemata and kept empty by large normal saline enemata administered every second day.^ Every day everything freaks me out.
  • Murder Dog Archives 11 September 2009 6:45 UTC www.murderdog.com [Source type: General]

^ The large intestine should be thoroughly cleared out by large enemata and kept empty by large normal saline enemata administered every second day.

^ You should exercise every day.
  • Occam's Razor: Mental Illness Tag Archive 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: Original source]

.Sleep may be secured by lowering the blood pressure with half-grain doses of erythrol-tetra-nitrate.^ Sleep may be secured by lowering the blood pressure with half- grain doses of erythrol-tetra-nitrate.

^ If a hypnotic is necessary, as it will be if the patient has had no natural sleep for two nights in succession, then a full dose of paraldehyde or veronal may be given at bed-time.

.If a hypnotic is necessary, as it will be if the patient has had no natural sleep for two nights in succession, then a full dose of paraldehyde or veronal may be given at bed-time.^ If a hypnotic is necessary, as it will be if the patient has had no natural sleep for two nights in succession, then a full dose of paraldehyde or veronal may be given at bed-time.

^ A recovering patient gradually gains weight, sleeps soundly at night and has periods of partial quiescence during the day, particularly in the morning after a good night's sleep.

^ Evaluation of patients who present to hospitals or physicians with altered behavior and/or mentation can be time-consuming and difficult and may lead to symptoms being quickly and prematurely dismissed as psychiatric in nature.
  • Mental Disorders Secondary to General Medical Conditions: eMedicine Psychiatry 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

.Under this treatment the majority of cases, if treated early, improve rapidly.^ Under this treatment the majority of cases, if treated early, improve rapidly.

^ If he or she is admitted under non-criminal conditions and improves rapidly, discharge will follow in a matter of weeks.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Delays in seeking professional treatment were widespread, especially among early-onset cases, and only a minority of people with prevailing disorders received any treatment.
  • Bulletin of the World Health Organization - Cross-national comparisons of the prevalences and correlates of mental disorders 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.scielosp.org [Source type: Academic]

.As the appetite returns great care must be taken that the patient does not suddenly resume a full ordinary dietary.^ As the appetite returns great care must be taken that the patient does not suddenly resume a full ordinary dietary .

^ The appetite becomes insatiable, but the patient does not necessarily gain in weight.

^ However as mentioned above, great pride and care are taken of one's appearance in Belize and the abundance of rollers is a very direct reflection of this pride rather than carelessness.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.A sudden return to a full dietary invariably means a relapse, which is often less amenable to treatment than the original attack.^ A sudden return to a full dietary invariably means a relapse, which is often less amenable to treatment than the original attack.

^ The album contains the usual combination of original compositions by Jones and standards and swings a little more but is less beboppish than A Song for Mary.
  • The Mad and M&M Labels 20 November 2009 8:53 UTC hubcap.clemson.edu [Source type: General]

^ The time between relapses is markedly extended by maintenance treatment with antipsychotic drugs, generally at lower doses than are needed to treat acute episodes.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Toast should first be added to the milk, and this may be followed by milk puddings and farinaceous foods in small quantities.^ Granted, you may receive food stamps, housing subsidies, and various & sundry small handouts, but you’re standard of living is going to be extremely low.
  • Dissident Voice : Mental Illness or Social Sickness? 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC dissidentvoice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ AD can result from mutation in the APP gene, may possibly follow from overexpression of APP due to gene triplication (DS), and clearly can also be caused by mutations elsewhere in the human genome.
  • Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders: Frontiers for Preventive Intervention Research 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Families with low to average incomes usually buy food in small quantities and on credit.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.Any rise of temperature or increase of pulse-rate or tendency to sleeplessness should be regarded as a threatened relapse and treated accordingly.^ Any rise of temperature or increase of pulse-rate or tendency to sleeplessness should be regarded as a threatened relapse and treated accordingly.

^ The patients who recover frequently show at the onset of their disease acute symptoms, such as mild excitement, slightly febrile temperature and quick pulse-rate.

^ The rate increases gradually towards age fifteen, at which point, it rises rapidly.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Excited Melancholia

.Excited melancholia is almost invariably a disease of old age or the decline of life, and it attacks men and women with equal frequency.^ Excited melancholia is almost invariably a disease of old age or the decline of life, and it attacks men and women with equal frequency.

^ The disease is almost invariably fatal.

^ Acute Melancholia is a disease of adult life and the decline of life.

.Chronic gastric disorders, deficient food and sleep, unhealthy occupations and environments, together with worry and mental stress, are all more or less predisposing causes of the disease.^ Chronic gastric disorders, deficient food and sleep, unhealthy occupations and environments, together with worry and mental stress, are all more or less predisposing causes of the disease.

^ Mental illness: All is caused by sin!

^ Proper medical diagnosis and a clear description of all possible treatment options should always be the first plan of action when treating mental disorders.
  • Nutrition Journal | Full text | Nutritional therapies for mental health disorders 11 September 2009 8:26 UTC www.nutritionj.com [Source type: Academic]

.The direct exciting cause or causes have not as yet been demonstrated, but there is no doubt that the disease is associated with, or caused by, a condition of bacterial toxaemia, analogous to the bacterial toxaemias of acute and chronic rheumatism.^ The direct exciting cause or causes have not as yet been demonstrated, but there is no doubt that the disease is associated with, or caused by, a condition of bacterial toxaemia, analogous to the bacterial toxaemias of acute and chronic rheumatism.

^ There is no demonstrable organic etiology.
  • glossary of psychiatric terminology 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.abess.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In acute insanities rashes are not uncommon, and in chronic conditions, especially conditions of depression, crops of papules occur on the face, chest and shoulders.

.The onset of the disease is always gradual and is associated with mal-nutrition, loss of body weight, nervousness, depression, loss of the capacity for work, sleeplessness and attacks of restlessness.^ The onset of the disease is always gradual and is associated with mal-nutrition, loss of body weight, nervousness, depression, loss of the capacity for work, sleeplessness and attacks of restlessness.

^ There is constant restlessness, steady loss of body weight, and sleeplessness.

^ The onset of the disease is gradual and indefinite.

.These attacks of restlessness become more and more marked as self-control diminishes, and as the depression increases the disease passes the borderland of sanity.^ These attacks of restlessness become more and more marked as self-control diminishes, and as the depression increases the disease passes the borderland of sanity.

^ One or more of these factors is involved in any person's becoming ill, and in certain illnesses, e.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These are, acute melancholia, excited melancholia and the state of depression occurring in Folie circulaire or alternating insanity, a condition in which the patient is liable to suffer from alternating attacks of excitement and depression.

.In the fully developed disease the appearance of the patient is typical.^ In the fully developed disease the appearance of the patient is typical.

^ A typical case of the fully developed disease is not easily mistaken.

^ The symptoms of the fully developed disease differ in degree in different cases.

.The expression is drawn, depressed, anxious or apprehensive.^ The expression is drawn, depressed, anxious or apprehensive.

^ The patient is depressed, the face has a strained, anxious expression, while more or less mental confusion is always present.

.The skin is yellow and parchment like.^ The skin is yellow and parchment like.

.The hair is often dry and stands out stiffly from the head.^ The hair is often dry and stands out stiffly from the head.

^ Many females carry umbrellas to shield themselves from the sun and heads are often wrapped in scarves, although it often seems that the most common hair-do is 'rollers.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And so, I will get dressed, maybe even comb my hair, get the car loaded, and head out.

.The hands are in constant movement, twisting and untwisting, picking the skin, pulling at the hair or tearing at the clothes.^ The hands are in constant movement, twisting and untwisting, picking the skin, pulling at the hair or tearing at the clothes.

^ We give it ribs and a stomach and a chest and lungs and then a body and then skin and then hair and then clothes.
  • Murder Dog Archives 11 September 2009 6:45 UTC www.murderdog.com [Source type: General]

^ The activity is usually nonproductive and repetitious and consists of such behavior as pacing, fidgeting, wringing of the hands, pulling of clothes, and inability to sit still.
  • glossary of psychiatric terminology 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.abess.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The patient moans continuously, or emits cries of grief and wanders aimlessly.^ The patient moans continuously, or emits cries of grief and wanders aimlessly.

^ As the disease advances the patient becomes more and more enfeebled, laughs and mutters to himself and wanders aimlessly and without object.

.Mentally the patient, although depressed, miserable and selfabsorbed, is not confused.^ Mentally the patient, although depressed, miserable and selfabsorbed, is not confused.

^ The mental symptoms associated with the disease may arise either as the result of an overdose, when the patient suffers from hallucinations, confusion and mild delirium, frequently associated with vomiting.

^ Drugs that cause mental confusion, sluggishness, and physical fatigue, are prone to precipitate or worsen depression.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is complete consciousness except during the height of a paroxysm of restlessness and depression, and the patient can talk and answer questions clearly and intelligently, but takes no interest in the environment.^ Wow, no conflict of interest there.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is complete consciousness except during the height of a paroxysm of restlessness and depression, and the patient can talk and answer questions clearly and intelligently, but takes no interest in the environment.

^ No better day than today to make a conscious decision to take control of our futures!
  • Kevin Price | All posts tagged 'insanity' 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.kevinprice.com [Source type: General]

.Some of the patients suffer from delusions, generally a sense of impending danger, but very few suffer from hallucinations.^ Some of the patients suffer from delusions, generally a sense of impending danger, but very few suffer from hallucinations.

^ Another very general mental symptom is the presence of emotionalism which leads the patient to be affected either to tears or to laughter upon trifling and inadequate occasions.

^ The mental symptoms associated with the disease may arise either as the result of an overdose, when the patient suffers from hallucinations, confusion and mild delirium, frequently associated with vomiting.

.Physically there is loss of appetite, constipation and rapid heart action, a great increase in the number of the white blood corpuscles, particularly of the multinucleated cells which are frequently increased in bacterial infections.^ Physically there is loss of appetite, constipation and rapid heart action, a great increase in the number of the white blood corpuscles, particularly of the multinucleated cells which are frequently increased in bacterial infections.

^ The heart's action is rapid and forcible.

^ In some cases a sharp febrile attack accompanies the onset of the stupor, while in others this symptom is absent; but in every case examined by Bruce during the acute stage there was an increase in the number of the white blood corpuscles, which, just prior to the onset of stupor, were sometimes enormously increased; the increase being entirely due to multiplication of the multinucleated or polymorphonuclear leucocytes.

.In the blood serum also there can be demonstrated the presence of agglutinines to certain members of the streptococci group.^ In the blood serum also there can be demonstrated the presence of agglutinines to certain members of the streptococci group.

^ In the serum of over 80% of cases there are present agglutinines to certain strains of streptococci, which.

^ In many of the forms of insanity which present the symptom of hyperleucocytosis there can also be demonstrated the fact that the blood serum of the patients contains agglutinines to certain members of a group of streptococci (so called on account of their tendency to grow in the form of a chain, arp€irr6S; (iii.

.The course of the disease is prolonged and chronic.^ The course of the disease is prolonged and chronic.

^ The disease is prolonged and chronic in its course, and the condition of the patient varies but little from day to day.

.The acute symptoms tend to remit at regular intervals, the patient becoming more quiet and less demonstratively depressed; but as a rule these remissions are extremely temporary.^ The acute symptoms tend to remit at regular intervals, the patient becoming more quiet and less demonstratively depressed; but as a rule these remissions are extremely temporary.

^ When the depression follows excitement, the patient as a rule becomes fat and flabby.

^ Although anxiety in itself is likely to feature in the clinical presentation of most patients, somatic complaints such as chest pain, palpitations, respiratory difficulty, headaches, and the like are also common, and these symptoms may be more common in developing countries.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Excited melancholia is a disease characterized by repeated relapses, and recoveries are rare in cases above the age of forty.^ Excited melancholia is a disease characterized by repeated relapses, and recoveries are rare in cases above the age of forty.

^ In some cases it lasts for weeks, in others for months or years, and may be the terminal stage of the disease, the patient gradually sinking into dementia or making a recovery.

^ Excited melancholia is almost invariably a disease of old age or the decline of life, and it attacks men and women with equal frequency.

Treatment

.There is no curative treatment for excited melancholia.^ There is no curative treatment for excited melancholia.

^ The direct exciting cause or causes have not as yet been demonstrated, but there is no doubt that the disease is associated with, or caused by, a condition of bacterial toxaemia, analogous to the bacterial toxaemias of acute and chronic rheumatism.

^ She had been there for four weeks and had not yet seen the doctor, so she was receiving no 'treatment.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.The patient must be carefully nursed; kept in bed during the exacerbations of the disease and treated with graduated doses of nepenthe or tincture of opium, to secure some amelioration of the acute symptoms.^ During the attack the patient should be confined to bed and treated with sedatives.

^ During the acute stage of onset the patient should be placed in bed.

^ The patient must be carefully nursed; kept in bed during the exacerbations of the disease and treated with graduated doses of nepenthe or tincture of opium , to secure some amelioration of the acute symptoms.

.Careful dieting, tonics and baths are of benefit during the remissions of the disease, and in a few cases seem to promote recovery.^ Careful dieting, tonics and baths are of benefit during the remissions of the disease, and in a few cases seem to promote recovery.

^ In some cases it lasts for weeks, in others for months or years, and may be the terminal stage of the disease, the patient gradually sinking into dementia or making a recovery.

^ The disease occurs with equal frequency in men and women, and in the majority of cases commences during adolescence or early adult life.

.Folie circulaire, or alternating insanity, was first described by Falret and Baillarger, and more recently Kraepelin has considerably widened the conception of this class of disease, which he describes under the term "manic-depressive insanity."^ Folie circulaire, or alternating insanity, was first described by Falret and Baillarger, and more recently Kraepelin has considerably widened the conception of this class of disease, which he describes under the term "manic-depressive insanity."

^ Of the two terms ( folie circulaire and manic-depressive insanity) the latter is the more correct.

^ Either the patient suffers from sudden furious attacks of excitement in which consciousness is entirely abolished, or the mania is of the type of the elevated stage of folie circulaire (manic-depressive insanity) and alternates with periods of deep depression.

.Of the two terms (folie circulaire and manic-depressive insanity) the latter is the more correct.^ Of the two terms ( folie circulaire and manic-depressive insanity) the latter is the more correct.

^ Folie circulaire, or alternating insanity, was first described by Falret and Baillarger, and more recently Kraepelin has considerably widened the conception of this class of disease, which he describes under the term "manic-depressive insanity."

^ As I got to know him, I realised his condition was a little more complicated than your garden variety anxiety: he is diagnosed with manic-depression, also known as bipolar disorder.

.Folie circulaire implies that the disease invariably passes through a complete cycle, which description is only applicable to very few of the cases.^ Folie circulaire implies that the disease invariably passes through a complete cycle , which description is only applicable to very few of the cases.

^ So not only do you stand to win blog fame and adoration, but also a really cool prize that should get your through your next few parties.

^ Adolescent cases, for instance, very commonly suffer from recurrent attacks, and the recurrent form of the disease is also to be met with in adults.

.Manic-depressive insanity implies that the patient may either suffer from excitement or depression which do not necessarily succeed one another in any fixed order.^ Manic-depressive insanity implies that the patient may either suffer from excitement or depression which do not necessarily succeed one another in any fixed order.

^ It is a way of stimulating excitement to either help fight depression or fan the flames of hypomania.

^ Either the patient suffers from sudden furious attacks of excitement in which consciousness is entirely abolished, or the mania is of the type of the elevated stage of folie circulaire (manic-depressive insanity) and alternates with periods of deep depression.

.As a matter of fact, the majority of patients who suffer from the disease either have marked excited attacks with little or no subsequent depression, or marked attacks of depression with a subsequent period of such slight exaltation as hardly to be distinguished from a state of health.^ As a matter of fact, the majority of patients who suffer from the disease either have marked excited attacks with little or no subsequent depression, or marked attacks of depression with a subsequent period of such slight exaltation as hardly to be distinguished from a state of health.

^ Depressive states among patients with late Lyme disease are fairly common,...

^ According to researchers at Columbia University in New York, in their report, Lyme disease: a neuropsychiatric illness , they state that “A broad range of psychiatric reactions have been associated with Lyme disease including paranoia, dementia, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, panic attacks, major depression, anorexia nervosa, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

.Depression of the manic-depressive variety, therefore, may either precede or follow upon an attack of maniacal excitement, or it may be the chief and only obvious symptom of the disease and may recur again and again.^ Depression of the manic-depressive variety, therefore, may either precede or follow upon an attack of maniacal excitement, or it may be the chief and only obvious symptom of the disease and may recur again and again.

^ It is a way of stimulating excitement to either help fight depression or fan the flames of hypomania.

^ Another very general mental symptom is the presence of emotionalism which leads the patient to be affected either to tears or to laughter upon trifling and inadequate occasions.

.The disease attacks men and women with equal frequency, and as a rule manifests itself either late in adolescence or during the decline of life.^ The disease occurs with equal frequency in men and women, and in the majority of cases commences during adolescence or early adult life.

^ Excited melancholia is almost invariably a disease of old age or the decline of life, and it attacks men and women with equal frequency.

^ The disease attacks men and women with equal frequency, and as a rule manifests itself either late in adolescence or during the decline of life.

.Hereditary predisposition has been proved to exist in over 50% of cases, beyond which no definite predisposing cause is at present known.^ Hereditary predisposition has been proved to exist in over 50% of cases, beyond which no definite predisposing cause is at present known.

^ Hereditary predisposition is present in over 50% of the cases and is the chief predisposing cause.

^ The universally accepted predisposing cause is hereditary predisposition.

.A considerable number of cases follow upon attacks of infective disease such as typhoid fever, scarlet fever or rheumatic fever.^ A considerable number of cases follow upon attacks of infective disease such as typhoid fever, scarlet fever or rheumatic fever.

^ The symptoms detailed above are those typical of an attack such as is most frequently met with in adult cases.

^ Katatonia attacks women more frequently than men, and is essentially a disease of adolescence, but typical cases occasionally occur in adults.

.The actual exciting cause is probably an intestinal toxaemia of bacterial origin; at all events, mal-nutrition, gastric and intestinal symptoms not infrequently precede an attack, and the condition of the blood - the increase in number in the multinucleated white blood corpuscles and the presence of agglutinines to certain members of the streptococci group of bacteria - are symptoms which have been definitely demonstrated by Bruce in every case so far examined.^ The actual exciting cause is probably an intestinal toxaemia of bacterial origin; at all events, mal-nutrition, gastric and intestinal symptoms not infrequently precede an attack, and the condition of the blood - the increase in number in the multinucleated white blood corpuscles and the presence of agglutinines to certain members of the streptococci group of bacteria - are symptoms which have been definitely demonstrated by Bruce in every case so far examined.

^ In the blood serum also there can be demonstrated the presence of agglutinines to certain members of the streptococci group.

^ The first psychotic episode is often preceded by prodromal symptoms such as social withdrawal, irritability or dysphoria, increasing academic or work-related difficulties, and increasing eccentricity.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.If the depression is the sequel to an attack of excitement, the onset may be very sudden or it may be gradual.^ If the depression is the sequel to an attack of excitement, the onset may be very sudden or it may be gradual.

^ If, on the other hand, the depression is not the sequel of excitement, the onset is very gradual and the patient complains of lassitude, incapacity for mental or physical work, loss of appetite, constipation and sleeplessness often for months before the case is recognized as one of insanity.

^ The actual onset of the acute mental symptoms may be sudden, and is not infrequently heralded by distressing hallucinations of hearing, together with a rise in the body temperature.

.If, on the other hand, the depression is not the sequel of excitement, the onset is very gradual and the patient complains of lassitude, incapacity for mental or physical work, loss of appetite, constipation and sleeplessness often for months before the case is recognized as one of insanity.^ If the depression is the sequel to an attack of excitement, the onset may be very sudden or it may be gradual.

^ The onset is gradual in the large majority of cases.

^ The onset of this stage is in some cases gradual.

.In the fully developed disease the temperature is very rarely febrile, on the contrary it is rather subnormal in character.^ In the fully developed disease the temperature is very rarely febrile, on the contrary it is rather subnormal in character.

^ The patients who recover frequently show at the onset of their disease acute symptoms, such as mild excitement, slightly febrile temperature and quick pulse-rate.

^ Mysterious 'fevers' are very common childhood ailments, and generally fever is thought to be a disease itself rather than a symptom.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.The stomach is disordered and the bowels confined.^ The stomach is disordered and the bowels confined.

.The urine is scanty, turbid and very liable to rapid decomposition.^ The urine is scanty, turbid and very liable to rapid decomposition.

^ The urine is scanty, turbid and loaded with urates.

.The heart's action is slow and feeble and the extremities become cold, blue and livid.^ The heart's action is slow and feeble and the extremities become cold, blue and livid.

^ The skin is dull and earthy in appearance, the hair dry, the nails brittle and the heart's action weak and feeble.

^ The temperature is low, often subnormal, the pulse is small and weak, and the extremities cold and livid.

.In extreme cases gangrene of the lower extremities may occur, but in all there is a tendency to oedema of the extremities.^ In extreme cases gangrene of the lower extremities may occur, but in all there is a tendency to oedema of the extremities.

^ As a general rule the other arteries of the cerebrum are not implicated to the same extent, although in a not inconsiderable number of cases of the disease all the arteries of the brain may participate in the change.

^ El the erf there are loadsa lists with bi-polar included on this site m8 all extremely good reading !
  • Yet Another 10 Bizarre Mental Disorders - Listverse 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

.The skin is greasy, often offensive, and the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet are sodden.^ The skin is greasy, often offensive, and the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet are sodden.

.Mentally there is simple depression, without, in the majority of cases, any implication of consciousness.^ Mentally there is simple depression, without, in the majority of cases, any implication of consciousness.

^ Simple partial seizures occur without any impairment of consciousness and usually stem from primary motor, sensory, or visual cortical regions.
  • Mental Disorders Secondary to General Medical Conditions: eMedicine Psychiatry 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Mentally there is profound depression with delusions, and persistent or recurring attacks of hallucinations of hearing.

.Many patients pass through attack after attack without suffering from hallucinations or delusions, but in rare cases hallucinations of hearing and sight are present.^ Many patients pass through attack after attack without suffering from hallucinations or delusions, but in rare cases hallucinations of hearing and sight are present.

^ Hallucinations of sight and hearing may be present.

^ Hallucinations and delusion are sometimes present, but many cases pass through several attacks without exhibiting either of these classes of symptoms.

.Delusions of unworthiness and unpardonable sin are not uncommon, and if once expressed are liable to recur again during the course of each successive attack.^ Delusions of unworthiness and unpardonable sin are not uncommon, and if once expressed are liable to recur again during the course of each successive attack.

^ The majority of patients recover even after years of illness, but the attacks are always liable to recur.

^ If the hallucinations of a melancholic patient consist in hearing voices which make accusatory statements, delusions of sin and unworthiness frequently follow.

.The disease is prolonged and chronic in its course, and the condition of the patient varies but little from day to day.^ The course of the disease is prolonged and chronic.

^ The disease is prolonged and chronic in its course, and the condition of the patient varies but little from day to day.

^ Delirium tremens is a short-lived disease, generally running its course in from four to five days.

.When the depression follows excitement, the patient as a rule becomes fat and flabby.^ When the depression follows excitement, the patient as a rule becomes fat and flabby.

^ Depression of the manic-depressive variety, therefore, may either precede or follow upon an attack of maniacal excitement, or it may be the chief and only obvious symptom of the disease and may recur again and again.

^ Manic-depressive insanity implies that the patient may either suffer from excitement or depression which do not necessarily succeed one another in any fixed order.

.On the other hand, if the illness commences with depression, the chief physical symptoms are mal-nutrition and loss of body weight, and the return to health is always preceded by a return of nutrition and a gain in body weight.^ The early symptoms are always physical.

^ On the other hand, if the illness commences with depression, the chief physical symptoms are mal-nutrition and loss of body weight, and the return to health is always preceded by a return of nutrition and a gain in body weight.

^ Physical signs and symptoms, including cold intolerance, weight gain, thin and dry hair, facial puffiness, constipation, menorrhagia, muscle cramps, and slowed and decreased deep tendon reflexes, suggest this diagnosis.
  • Mental Disorders Secondary to General Medical Conditions: eMedicine Psychiatry 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

.The attacks may last from six months to two or three years.^ By May 1993, when Robert Pruter interviewed him, he was suffering from a severe lung ailment and had to go to his oxygen mask every two or three questions.
  • The Mad and M&M Labels 20 November 2009 8:53 UTC hubcap.clemson.edu [Source type: General]

^ Last month, University of Laval researchers reported that 74% of people with insomnia report experiencing the condition for at least one year, and almost half said their insomnia persisted over the entire three-year study.
  • Lack of sleep linked to depression, other mental illnesses 11 September 2009 8:26 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

^ There have been, in the last ten years, two cases of women murdering men by throwing gasoline on them in an enclosed area and then tossing a match.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.The intervals between attacks may last for only a few weeks or months or may extend over several years.^ The attacks may last from six months to two or three years.

^ The intervals between attacks may last for only a few weeks or months or may extend over several years.

^ It usually takes two to four weeks for the EEG to return to normal after ECT, however, some abnormalities may persist several months or longer and are considered to be poor prognostic signs.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During the interval the patient is not only capable of good mental work but may show capacity of a high order.^ During the interval the patient is not only capable of good mental work but may show capacity of a high order.

^ Experience also suggests that victims of crimes by mentally ill individuals are often known to the patient, unlike non-psychiatrically ill criminals who may or may not violate strangers.
  • Violence and Mental Illness | Psychiatry MMC 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.psychiatrymmc.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The mental symptoms associated with the disease may arise either as the result of an overdose, when the patient suffers from hallucinations, confusion and mild delirium, frequently associated with vomiting.

.In other words this form of mental disorder does not tend to produce dementia; the explanation probably being that between the attacks there is no toxaemia.^ In other words this form of mental disorder does not tend to produce dementia; the explanation probably being that between the attacks there is no toxaemia.

^ These conditions are specially exemplified in the mental disturbances which accompany exophthalmic goitre , uraemic poisoning, and the conditions of depression which are observed in jaundice and other forms of hepatic insufficiency.

^ In addition, mental disorders are among the leading causes for disability in the US as well as other countries.
  • Nutrition Journal | Full text | Nutritional therapies for mental health disorders 11 September 2009 8:26 UTC www.nutritionj.com [Source type: Academic]

Treatment

.There is no known curative treatment for the de, pression of manic-depressive insanity, but the depression, the sleeplessness and the gastric disorder are to some extent mitigated by common sense attention to the general health of the body.^ Summary of proposed causes and treatments for common mental health disorders Major Depression .
  • Nutrition Journal | Full text | Nutritional therapies for mental health disorders 11 September 2009 8:26 UTC www.nutritionj.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There is no sound drug treatment for depression.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no special treatment for hebephrenia beyond attention to the general health.

.If the patient is thin and wasted, then treatment is best conducted in bed.^ If the patient is thin and wasted, then treatment is best conducted in bed.

^ Treatment.-The quantity of the drug used must be gradually reduced until it is finally discontinued, and during treatment the patient must be confined to bed.

.The diet should be bland, consisting largely of milk, eggs and farinaceous food, given in small quantities and frequently.^ The diet should be bland, consisting largely of milk, eggs and farinaceous food, given in small quantities and frequently.

^ The food should be concentrated and fluid, given frequently and in small quantities.

^ The food to begin with should be milk , diluted with hot water or aerated water, given frequently and in small quantities.

.Defecation should be maintained by enemata, and the skin kept clean by daily warm baths.^ Defecation should be maintained by enemata, and the skin kept clean by daily warm baths.

^ The large intestine should be thoroughly cleared out by large enemata and kept empty by large normal saline enemata administered every second day.

.What is of much more importance is the fact that in some instances subsequent attacks can be prevented by impressing upon the patient the necessity for attending to the state of the bowels, and of discontinuing work when the slightest symptoms of an attack present themselves.^ What is of much more importance is the fact that in some instances subsequent attacks can be prevented by impressing upon the patient the necessity for attending to the state of the bowels, and of discontinuing work when the slightest symptoms of an attack present themselves.

^ Some patients present with psychotic or schizophreniclike symptoms.
  • Mental Disorders Secondary to General Medical Conditions: eMedicine Psychiatry 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Although anxiety in itself is likely to feature in the clinical presentation of most patients, somatic complaints such as chest pain, palpitations, respiratory difficulty, headaches, and the like are also common, and these symptoms may be more common in developing countries.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.If these symptoms are at all prominent, rest in bed is a wise precaution, butcher-meat should be discontinued from the dietary and a tonic of arsenic or quinine and acid prescribed.^ If these symptoms are at all prominent, rest in bed is a wise precaution, butcher - meat should be discontinued from the dietary and a tonic of arsenic or quinine and acid prescribed.

Mania. - .The term mania, meaning pathological elevation or excitement, has, like the term melancholia, been applied to all varieties of morbid mental conditions in which Mania. the prevailing mental symptom is excitement or eleva tion.^ Melancholia is a general term applied to all forms of insanity in which the prevailing mental symptom is that of depression and dates back to the time of Hippocrates .

^ The term mania, meaning pathological elevation or excitement, has, like the term melancholia, been applied to all varieties of morbid mental conditions in which Mania.

^ The occurrence of dementia is sometimes preceded by an acute hallucinatory phase, accompanied by mania or melancholia; but as a general rule, in the presenile cases, by neurasthenia , indifference, and mental apathy which extends to a disregard for the ordinary conventions and the means of subsistence.

.As in melancholia so in mania various subdivisions have been invented, such as delusional mania, religious mania, homicidal mania, according to the special mental characteristics of each case, but such varieties are of accidental origin and cannot be held to be subdivisions.^ As in melancholia so in mania various subdivisions have been invented, such as delusional mania, religious mania, homicidal mania, according to the special mental characteristics of each case, but such varieties are of accidental origin and cannot be held to be subdivisions.

^ Such terms as delusional melancholia, resistive melancholia, stuporose melancholia, suicidal melancholia, religious melancholia, &c.

^ The occurrence of dementia is sometimes preceded by an acute hallucinatory phase, accompanied by mania or melancholia; but as a general rule, in the presenile cases, by neurasthenia , indifference, and mental apathy which extends to a disregard for the ordinary conventions and the means of subsistence.

.Under the term mania two distinct diseased conditions can be described, viz.^ Under the term mania two distinct diseased conditions can be described, viz.

^ The term mania, meaning pathological elevation or excitement, has, like the term melancholia, been applied to all varieties of morbid mental conditions in which Mania.

^ The fact that delusional insanity has been described under such various terms as progressive systematized insanity, mania of persecution and grandeur, monomanias of persecution, unseen agency, grandeur and paranoia , indicates that the disease is obscure in its origin, probably passing through various stages, and in some instances having been confused with the terminal stages of mania and melancholia.

acute mania, and the elevated stage of .folie circulaire or manic-depressive insanity.^ Of the two terms ( folie circulaire and manic-depressive insanity) the latter is the more correct.

^ These are, acute melancholia, excited melancholia and the state of depression occurring in Folie circulaire or alternating insanity, a condition in which the patient is liable to suffer from alternating attacks of excitement and depression.

^ Folie circulaire, or alternating insanity, was first described by Falret and Baillarger, and more recently Kraepelin has considerably widened the conception of this class of disease, which he describes under the term "manic-depressive insanity."

Acute Mania

.Acute mania is a disease which attacks both sexes at all ages, but its onset is most prevalent during adolescence and early adult life.^ Acute Melancholia is a disease of adult life and the decline of life.

^ Acute mania is a disease which attacks both sexes at all ages, but its onset is most prevalent during adolescence and early adult life.

^ Hebephrenia is always a disease of adolescence and never occurs during adult life.

.Hereditary predisposition, physical and mental exhaustion, epileptic seizures and childbirth are all predisposing causes.^ Childbirth, worry, physical strain and mental shocks are all advanced as secondary predisposing causes.

^ Hereditary predisposition is present in over 50% of the cases and is the chief predisposing cause.

^ Hereditary predisposition, physical and mental exhaustion, epileptic seizures and childbirth are all predisposing causes.

.The direct exciting cause or causes are unknown, but the physical symptoms suggest that the condition is one of acute toxaemia or poisoning, and the changes in the blood are such as are consequent on bacterial toxaemia.^ The direct exciting cause or causes are unknown, but the physical symptoms suggest that the condition is one of acute toxaemia or poisoning, and the changes in the blood are such as are consequent on bacterial toxaemia.

^ The direct exciting cause or causes have not as yet been demonstrated, but there is no doubt that the disease is associated with, or caused by, a condition of bacterial toxaemia, analogous to the bacterial toxaemias of acute and chronic rheumatism.

^ The actual exciting cause is probably an intestinal toxaemia of bacterial origin; at all events, mal-nutrition, gastric and intestinal symptoms not infrequently precede an attack, and the condition of the blood - the increase in number in the multinucleated white blood corpuscles and the presence of agglutinines to certain members of the streptococci group of bacteria - are symptoms which have been definitely demonstrated by Bruce in every case so far examined.

.The onset is gradual in the large majority of cases.^ The onset is gradual in the large majority of cases.

^ The onset of this stage is in some cases gradual.

^ In the majority of untreated cases, however, recovery is much more gradual.

.Histories of sudden outbursts of mania can rarely be relied on, as the illness is almost invariably preceded by loss of body weight, sleeplessness, bad dreams, headaches and symptoms of general malaise, sometimes associated with depression.^ There is constant restlessness, steady loss of body weight, and sleeplessness.

^ Histories of sudden outbursts of mania can rarely be relied on, as the illness is almost invariably preceded by loss of body weight, sleeplessness, bad dreams, headaches and symptoms of general malaise, sometimes associated with depression.

^ The occurrence of dementia is sometimes preceded by an acute hallucinatory phase, accompanied by mania or melancholia; but as a general rule, in the presenile cases, by neurasthenia , indifference, and mental apathy which extends to a disregard for the ordinary conventions and the means of subsistence.

.The actual onset of the mental symptoms themselves, however, are frequently sudden.^ The actual onset of the mental symptoms themselves, however, are frequently sudden.

^ The patients who recover frequently show at the onset of their disease acute symptoms, such as mild excitement, slightly febrile temperature and quick pulse-rate.

^ The mental symptoms associated with the disease may arise either as the result of an overdose, when the patient suffers from hallucinations, confusion and mild delirium, frequently associated with vomiting.

.A typical case of the fully developed disease is not easily mistaken.^ A typical case of the fully developed disease is not easily mistaken.

^ In the fully developed disease the appearance of the patient is typical.

^ The symptoms of the fully developed disease differ in degree in different cases.

.The patient is usually anaemic and thin, the expression of the face is unnatural, the eyes widely opened and bright; and there is great motor restlessness, the muscular movements being purposeless and inco-ordinate.^ The patient is usually anaemic and thin, the expression of the face is unnatural, the eyes widely opened and bright; and there is great motor restlessness, the muscular movements being purposeless and inco- ordinate .

^ The face is often flushed and the expression unnatural.

^ This inco-ordination of movement affects not only the muscles of the limbs and trunk but also those of expression, so that the usual aspect of the face becomes entirely altered.

.This inco-ordination of movement affects not only the muscles of the limbs and trunk but also those of expression, so that the usual aspect of the face becomes entirely altered.^ This inco-ordination of movement affects not only the muscles of the limbs and trunk but also those of expression, so that the usual aspect of the face becomes entirely altered.

^ The patient is usually anaemic and thin, the expression of the face is unnatural, the eyes widely opened and bright; and there is great motor restlessness, the muscular movements being purposeless and inco- ordinate .

^ Mal de ojo , while it usually affects only children and animals, has very specific kinds of treatment.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.The temperature is generally slightly febrile.^ The temperature is generally slightly febrile.

^ The patients who recover frequently show at the onset of their disease acute symptoms, such as mild excitement, slightly febrile temperature and quick pulse-rate.

.The tongue and lips are cracked and dry through excessive shouting or speaking.^ The tongue and lips are cracked and dry through excessive shouting or speaking.

^ The patient rapidly passes into a state of extreme exhaustion, the tongue is dry and cracked, sordes form upon the teeth and lips, diarrhoea and congestion of the lungs rapidly supervene and terminate life.

.There is often no desire for food or drink.^ There is often no desire for food or drink.

^ The heart's action is often weak and irregular, but beyond these symptoms there are no special characteristic symptoms.

^ But often there is not, as with no water supply in the house, there is not a great need for towels.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.The heart's action is rapid and forcible.^ The heart's action is rapid and forcible.

^ The patient suffers from malaise, indigestion, constipation and irregular, rapid and forcible action of the heart.

.The skin is soft and moist.^ The skin is soft and moist.

.The urine is scanty, turbid and loaded with urates.^ The urine is scanty, turbid and loaded with urates.

^ The urine is scanty, turbid and very liable to rapid decomposition.

.The white blood corpuscles per cubic millimetre of blood are markedly increased, and the blood serum contains agglutinines to certain strains of streptococci which are not present in healthy persons.^ The white blood corpuscles per cubic millimetre of blood are markedly increased, and the blood serum contains agglutinines to certain strains of streptococci which are not present in healthy persons.

^ The temperature is at times slightly elevated and at intervals the white blood corpuscles are markedly increased.

^ In the blood serum also there can be demonstrated the presence of agglutinines to certain members of the streptococci group.

.Sensibility to pain is lost or much impaired.^ Sensibility to pain is lost or much impaired.

.Such patients will swing and jerk a broken limb apparently unaware that it is broken.^ Such patients will swing and jerk a broken limb apparently unaware that it is broken.

.Sleep is absent or obtained in short snatches, and even when asleep the patient is often restless and talkative as if the disease processes were still active.^ Sleep is absent or obtained in short snatches, and even when asleep the patient is often restless and talkative as if the disease processes were still active.

^ While in the stage of depression the patient is often actively suicidal.

^ In the fully developed disease the patient is flushed and the skin hot and dry; the temperature is usually raised I° above the normal in the evening.

.Mentally the patient is excited, often wildly so, quite confused and unable to recognize time or place.^ Mentally the patient is excited, often wildly so, quite confused and unable to recognize time or place.

^ Mentally the patient becomes quite demented.

^ Confusion Complete (though often momentary) loss of orientation in relation to one's location, time, and to other people.
  • Mental Health and Psychology Dictionary - Psychology, Psychiatry, and Psychopathology 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Answers to questions may sometimes be elicited by repeated efforts to engage the attention of the patient.^ Answers to questions may sometimes be elicited by repeated efforts to engage the attention of the patient.

^ In the intervals between these attacks the patient may be conscious and capable of answering simple questions.

^ What complicates the question of moral idiocy is that many of its subjects can, when an abstract proposition is placed before them, answer according to the dictates of morality, which they may have learnt by rote.

.The speech is incoherent, and for all practical purposes the patient is mentally inaccessible.^ The speech is incoherent, and for all practical purposes the patient is mentally inaccessible.

^ The patient is oblivious to his surroundings and is mentally inaccessible.

^ The fact that they are "involuntary mental patients," makes it all the easier, and in some ways necessary, to ignore their feelings.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This state of acute excitement lasts usually for two or three weeks and gradually passes into a condition of chronic restlessness and noise, in which the movements are more co-ordinate and purposeful.^ This state of acute excitement lasts usually for two or three weeks and gradually passes into a condition of chronic restlessness and noise , in which the movements are more co-ordinate and purposeful.

^ The two conditions do not merge gradually one into the other.

^ At the end of two or three weeks from the onset of the attack the patient gradually passes into a condition of comparative tranquillity.

.The confusion of the acute stage passes off and the attention can be more readily attracted but cannot be concentrated on any subject for any length of time.^ The confusion of the acute stage passes off and the attention can be more readily attracted but cannot be concentrated on any subject for any length of time.

^ The only time I was able to pass my plateau stage was during P90X. It was the result of the “muscle confusion” philosophy.
  • Insanity Review - Insanity Results - Insanity transformation - Beachbody Coaching 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC getpaid2train.com [Source type: General]

^ This acute stage, in which sleep is abolished, lasts from a few days to four or six weeks and then, generally quite suddenly, the patient passes into the state of stupor.

.The patient will now recognize friends, but the affections are in abeyance and the memory is defective.^ The patient will now recognize friends, but the affections are in abeyance and the memory is defective.

^ But mental facility, placid contentment, complete loss of judgment and affection for family and friends, with impaired memory, are symptoms universally present.

.The appetite becomes insatiable, but the patient does not necessarily gain in weight.^ The appetite becomes insatiable, but the patient does not necessarily gain in weight.

^ A recovering patient gradually gains weight, sleeps soundly at night and has periods of partial quiescence during the day, particularly in the morning after a good night's sleep.

^ Normal volunteers or patients taking lithium won't necessarily realize how impaired they have become.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This stage of subacute excitement may last for months, but as a rule favourable cases recover within six months from the onset of the disease.^ For convenience of description the disease may be divided into (i) the stage of onset; (2) the stage of stupor; (3) the stage of excitement.

^ The attacks may last from six months to two or three years.

^ This stage of subacute excitement may last for months, but as a rule favourable cases recover within six months from the onset of the disease.

.A recovering patient gradually gains weight, sleeps soundly at night and has periods of partial quiescence during the day, particularly in the morning after a good night's sleep.^ A recovering patient gradually gains weight, sleeps soundly at night and has periods of partial quiescence during the day, particularly in the morning after a good night's sleep.

^ The patient and the doctor, and members of the patient's inner circle of friends and family, may have to put up with troublesome symptoms and behavior during the withdrawal period.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During my days of observation at Seaview I found the personnel to be courteous and helpful but markedly evasive about questions of length of patients' stays, medications, etc.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.These lucid intervals become more and more prolonged and finally pass into a state of sanity.^ These lucid intervals become more and more prolonged and finally pass into a state of sanity.

^ One or more of these factors is involved in any person's becoming ill, and in certain illnesses, e.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The more people could be encouraged to seek treatment, the more conditions could be entered into the DSM, and the more people could be encouraged to seek treatment for these new conditions.
  • Dissident Voice : Mental Illness or Social Sickness? 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC dissidentvoice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some cases on the other hand, after the acute symptoms decline, remain confused, and this state of confusion may last for months; by some alienists it is described as secondary stupor.^ Some cases on the other hand, after the acute symptoms decline, remain confused, and this state of confusion may last for months; by some alienists it is described as secondary stupor.

^ The mental symptoms associated with the disease may arise either as the result of an overdose, when the patient suffers from hallucinations, confusion and mild delirium, frequently associated with vomiting.

^ In very acute attacks there are frequently symptoms of gastric disorder, while in other cases the appetite is enormous, gross and perverted.

.The symptoms detailed above are those typical of an attack such as is most frequently met with in adult cases.^ The symptoms detailed above are those typical of an attack such as is most frequently met with in adult cases.

^ The patients who recover frequently show at the onset of their disease acute symptoms, such as mild excitement, slightly febrile temperature and quick pulse-rate.

^ The core symptom of major depression is a disturbance of mood; sadness is most typical, but anger, irritability, and loss of interest in usual pursuits may predominate.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Acute mania, however, is a disease which presents itself in various forms.^ Acute mania, however, is a disease which presents itself in various forms.

^ The definite nature of the symptoms in the majority of the forms of acute insanity leave little reason to doubt that they result from an invasion of the system by toxins of various kinds.

^ They required something more than mere foreseeability and in Gifford it presented itself in several forms.
  • Told Nervous Shock: Has the Pendulum Swung in Favour of Recovery by Television Viewers? - [2004] DeakinLRev 31; (2004) 9 Deakin Law Review 731 20 September 2009 19:15 UTC www.austlii.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

.Adolescent cases, for instance, very commonly suffer from recurrent attacks, and the recurrent form of the disease is also to be met with in adults.^ Adolescent cases, for instance, very commonly suffer from recurrent attacks, and the recurrent form of the disease is also to be met with in adults.

^ In very acute attacks there are frequently symptoms of gastric disorder, while in other cases the appetite is enormous, gross and perverted.

^ In some cases the mental symptoms may be concealed, but delusions and hallucinations, particularly hallucinations of sight and hearing, are very commonly present.

.The recurrent form at the onset does not differ in symptoms from that already described, but the course of the attack is shorter and more acute, so that the patient after one or two weeks of acute excitement rapidly improves, the mental symptoms pass off and the patient is apparently perfectly recovered.^ Self-control is generally lost suddenly, and the patient rapidly passes into a state of delirious excitement, to recover again, apparently, in the course of a few weeks.

^ The recurrent form at the onset does not differ in symptoms from that already described, but the course of the attack is shorter and more acute, so that the patient after one or two weeks of acute excitement rapidly improves, the mental symptoms pass off and the patient is apparently perfectly recovered.

^ From a clinical point of view, however, the two are distinguishable in so far as their symptoms are concerned, for the presenile cases are more complete and the process of dementia achieves its consummation earlier and quicker, while in the senile the gradual disease of the arteries and the slow decay of the mental faculties offer a different background for the manifestation of mental symptoms.

.An examination of the blood, however, reveals the fact that the patient is still suffering from some disorder of the system, inasmuch as the white blood corpuscles remain increased above the average of health.^ An examination of the blood, however, reveals the fact that the patient is still suffering from some disorder of the system, inasmuch as the white blood corpuscles remain increased above the average of health.

^ As a matter of fact, the majority of patients who suffer from the disease either have marked excited attacks with little or no subsequent depression, or marked attacks of depression with a subsequent period of such slight exaltation as hardly to be distinguished from a state of health.

^ The patient is depressed, confused, suffers from hallucinations of hearing and there are disturbances of the bodily health.

.Subsequent attacks of excitement come on without any obvious provocation.^ Subsequent attacks of excitement come on without any obvious provocation.

^ Depression of the manic-depressive variety, therefore, may either precede or follow upon an attack of maniacal excitement, or it may be the chief and only obvious symptom of the disease and may recur again and again.

.The pulse becomes fast and the face flushed.^ The pulse becomes fast and the face flushed.

^ The temperature rises, the face becomes flushed and the skin moist.

.The patient frequently complains of fullness in the head, ringing in the ears and a loss of appetite.^ The patient frequently complains of fullness in the head, ringing in the ears and a loss of appetite.

^ The nutrition of the body is below par, and the patient frequently complains of indefinite symptoms of malaise referred to the heart and abdomen .

^ As the appetite returns great care must be taken that the patient does not suddenly resume a full ordinary dietary .

.Sleeplessness is an invariable symptom.^ Sleeplessness is an invariable symptom.

.Self-control is generally lost suddenly, and the patient rapidly passes into a state of delirious excitement, to recover again, apparently, in the course of a few weeks.^ The patient lies in a state of apparent placidity, generally with the eyes shut.

^ Self-control is generally lost suddenly, and the patient rapidly passes into a state of delirious excitement, to recover again, apparently, in the course of a few weeks.

^ This acute stage, in which sleep is abolished, lasts from a few days to four or six weeks and then, generally quite suddenly, the patient passes into the state of stupor.

.Recurrent mania might therefore be regarded as a prolonged toxaemia, complicated at intervals by outbursts of delirious excitement.^ Recurrent mania might therefore be regarded as a prolonged toxaemia, complicated at intervals by outbursts of delirious excitement.

Acute mania in the majority of cases ends in recovery. .In the continuous attack the recovery is gradual.^ In the continuous attack the recovery is gradual.

.In the recurrent cases the intervals between attacks become longer and the attacks less severe until they finally cease.^ In the recurrent cases the intervals between attacks become longer and the attacks less severe until they finally cease.

^ Here are several dozen old souls who have no family to care for them and the government sees to their welfare until they die.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Subsequent readers are afraid to say anything in case they are also attacked.
  • Dissident Voice : Mental Illness or Social Sickness? 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC dissidentvoice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In such recovered cases very frequently a persistent increase in the number of the white blood corpuscles is found, persisting for a period of two or three years of apparently sound mental health.^ Also the patient population, and hence the number of officially designated "lunatics, " has always been determined by the number of beds available in the hospital rather than the general mental health of the populace.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There have been, in the last ten years, two cases of women murdering men by throwing gasoline on them in an enclosed area and then tossing a match.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ None of the above three men is considered a psychiatric case although the backwards-runner and the kleptomaniac would surely be viewed as such in many other areas of the world.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.A few cases die, exhausted by the acuteness of the excitement and inability to obtain rest by the natural process of sleep.^ A few cases die, exhausted by the acuteness of the excitement and inability to obtain rest by the natural process of sleep.

^ However, this may be, there is no doubt that in a few cases the onset is acute and closely resembles the onset of acute melancholia.

^ Sleeplessness is the earliest symptom in the onset of insanity; it is universally present in all the acute forms, and the return of natural sleep is generally the first symptom of recovery.

.When death does occur in this way the patient almost invariably passes into the typhoid state.^ Although this condition is not believed to be related to mental illness in any way, it does occasionally occur in mentally ill persons.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Does the project propose innovative or special ways to incorporate capacity building or training into the research program at the LMIC site?
  • PAR-08-113: Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan (R21) 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC grants1.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]
  • PAR-08-112: Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan (R01) 24 September 2009 22:32 UTC grants.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ We almost invariably become depressed when the old ways have stopped working--when we've come to a dead end in life.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The residue of such cases become chronic, and chronicity almost invariably means subsequent dementia.^ The residue of such cases become chronic, and chronicity almost invariably means subsequent dementia.

^ Rather almost everyone enjoys seeing someone 'get away' with something once in a while, and cases which are badly bungled become favorite stories to tell and incidents to discuss.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Such a definition would include many chronic cases of melancholia and mania.

.The chronic stage of acute mania may be represented by a state of continuous subacute excitement in which the patient becomes dirty and destructive in habits and liable from time to time to exacerbations of the mental symptoms.^ Mentally the patient becomes quite demented.

^ The chronic stage of acute mania may be represented by a state of continuous subacute excitement in which the patient becomes dirty and destructive in habits and liable from time to time to exacerbations of the mental symptoms.

^ Another very general mental symptom is the presence of emotionalism which leads the patient to be affected either to tears or to laughter upon trifling and inadequate occasions.

.Continuous observation of the blood made in such cases over a period extending for weeks reveals the fact that the leucocytosis, if represented in chart form, shows a regular sequence of events.^ Continuous observation of the blood made in such cases over a period extending for weeks reveals the fact that the leucocytosis, if represented in chart form, shows a regular sequence of events.

^ In such recovered cases very frequently a persistent increase in the number of the white blood corpuscles is found, persisting for a period of two or three years of apparently sound mental health.

^ In Germany it is the custom to treat such cases in continuous warm baths, extending sometimes for weeks.

.Just prior to the onset of an exacerbation the leucocytosis is low.^ Just prior to the onset of an exacerbation the leucocytosis is low.

.As the excitement increases in severity the leucocytosis curve rises, and just before improvement sets in there may be a decided rise in the curve and then a subsequent fall; but this fall rarely reaches the normal line.^ As the excitement increases in severity the leucocytosis curve rises, and just before improvement sets in there may be a decided rise in the curve and then a subsequent fall; but this fall rarely reaches the normal line.

^ The hyperleucocytosis is not, however, so high as it is in acute mania, and upon recovery taking place the leucocytosis always falls to normal.

^ Of course, it had to be the hour just before I had set my alarm clock to go off anyway.

.In other cases, which pass into chronicity, a state of persistent delusion, rather than excitement, is the prevailing mental characteristic, and these cases may at recurrent intervals become noisy and dangerous.^ In other cases, which pass into chronicity, a state of persistent delusion, rather than excitement, is the prevailing mental characteristic, and these cases may at recurrent intervals become noisy and dangerous.

^ These lucid intervals become more and more prolonged and finally pass into a state of sanity.

^ These conditions are specially exemplified in the mental disturbances which accompany exophthalmic goitre , uraemic poisoning, and the conditions of depression which are observed in jaundice and other forms of hepatic insufficiency.

Treatment

.Acute mania can only be treated on general lines.^ Acute mania can only be treated on general lines.

.During the acute stage of onset the patient should be placed in bed.^ During the attack the patient should be confined to bed and treated with sedatives.

^ During the acute stage of onset the patient should be placed in bed.

^ The patients who recover frequently show at the onset of their disease acute symptoms, such as mild excitement, slightly febrile temperature and quick pulse-rate.

.If there is difficulty in inducing the patient to take a sufficient quantity of food, this difficulty can be got over by giving food in liquid form, milk, milk-tea, eggs beaten up in milk, meat juice and thin gruel, and it is always better to feed such a patient with small quantities given frequently.^ The diet should be bland, consisting largely of milk, eggs and farinaceous food, given in small quantities and frequently.

^ The friends of such persons frequently affirm that the patient has always been abnormal.

^ The food should be concentrated and fluid, given frequently and in small quantities.

.Cases of mania following childbirth are those which most urgently demand careful and frequent feeding, artificially administered if necessary.^ Cases of mania following childbirth are those which most urgently demand careful and frequent feeding, artificially administered if necessary.

^ The symptoms detailed above are those typical of an attack such as is most frequently met with in adult cases.

^ Most health care and all the hospitals save one are administered through the Ministry of Internal Affairs and are under the supervision of the Chief Medical Officer.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.If there is any tendency to exhaustion, alcoholic stimulants are indicated, and in some cases strychnine, quinine and cardiac tonics are highly beneficial.^ If there is any tendency to exhaustion, alcoholic stimulants are indicated, and in some cases strychnine , quinine and cardiac tonics are highly beneficial.

^ Excessive indulgence in alcohol and marijuana is believed to be a precipitating factor in cases of psychiatric disorder and there are several rationales for this.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The situation there indicates that it is at least feasible to restrict institutionalization to only the severest cases of psychiatric disorder and that there may be some positive effects in tolerating the slightly to moderately disturbed in the community.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.The bowels should be unloaded by large enemata or the use of saline purgatives.^ The bowels should be unloaded by large enemata or the use of saline purgatives.

^ The large intestine should be thoroughly cleared out by large enemata and kept empty by large normal saline enemata administered every second day.

^ The continuous use of purgatives should as a rule be avoided, as they drain the system of fluids.

.The continuous use of purgatives should as a rule be avoided, as they drain the system of fluids.^ The continuous use of purgatives should as a rule be avoided, as they drain the system of fluids.

^ They will rule us as long as they can convince us that capitalism is the only possible system, so that it is futile, idiotic, even reckless, to want anything else.
  • Dissident Voice : Mental Illness or Social Sickness? 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC dissidentvoice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead they should take dollars, and immediately convert them into gold, which would then be used to replace their fiat currency incrementally.
  • BLOGDIAL » Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC irdial.com [Source type: Original source]

.On the other hand, the administration of one large normal saline enema by supplying the tissues with fluids, and probably thereby diluting the toxins circulating in the system, gives considerable relief.^ On the other hand, the administration of one large normal saline enema by supplying the tissues with fluids, and probably thereby diluting the toxins circulating in the system, gives considerable relief.

^ On the other hand, I am well armed and well supplied.
  • http://www.madogre.com/News.html 20 November 2009 8:53 UTC www.madogre.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So soon, however, as conduct is influenced by hallucinations, then the boundary line between sanity on the one hand and insanity on the other has been crossed.

.A continuous warm bath frequently produces sleep and reduces excitement.^ A continuous warm bath frequently produces sleep and reduces excitement.

^ In Germany it is the custom to treat such cases in continuous warm baths, extending sometimes for weeks.

.The sleeplessness of acute mania is best treated by warm baths wherever possible, and if a drug must be administered, then paraldehyde is the safest and most certain, unless the patient is also an alcoholic, when chloral and bromide is probably a better sedative.^ The sleeplessness of acute mania is best treated by warm baths wherever possible, and if a drug must be administered, then paraldehyde is the safest and most certain, unless the patient is also an alcoholic, when chloral and bromide is probably a better sedative.

^ No treatment arrests or diverts the course of katatonia, and the acute symptoms of the disease as they arise must be treated on hospital principles.

^ Parkinson-like signs occur in most patients treated with neuroleptics and in all patients given high doses.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Elevated Stage of Folie Circulaire or Manic Depressive Insanity

.As previously mentioned in the description of the depressed stage of this mental disorder, the disease is equally prone to attack men and women, generally during late adolescence or in early adult life, and in a few cases first appears during the decline of life.^ The disease occurs with equal frequency in men and women, and in the majority of cases commences during adolescence or early adult life.

^ Excited melancholia is almost invariably a disease of old age or the decline of life, and it attacks men and women with equal frequency.

^ Katatonia attacks women more frequently than men, and is essentially a disease of adolescence, but typical cases occasionally occur in adults.

.Hereditary predisposition undoubtedly plays a large part as a predisposing cause, and after that is said it is difficult to assign any other definite predisposing causes and certainly no exciting causes.^ Hereditary predisposition undoubtedly plays a large part as a predisposing cause, and after that is said it is difficult to assign any other definite predisposing causes and certainly no exciting causes.

^ Hereditary predisposition admittedly plays a very small part in its causation.

^ Hereditary predisposition is present in over 50% of the cases and is the chief predisposing cause.

.As in the stage of depression, so in the stage of excitement the first attack may closely follow upon typhoid fever, erysipelas or rheumatic fever.^ As in the stage of depression, so in the stage of excitement the first attack may closely follow upon typhoid fever, erysipelas or rheumatic fever.

^ These are, acute melancholia, excited melancholia and the state of depression occurring in Folie circulaire or alternating insanity, a condition in which the patient is liable to suffer from alternating attacks of excitement and depression.

^ For convenience of description the disease may be divided into (i) the stage of onset; (2) the stage of stupor; (3) the stage of excitement.

.On the other hand many cases occur without any such antecedent disease.^ On the other hand many cases occur without any such antecedent disease.

^ None of the above three men is considered a psychiatric case although the backwards-runner and the kleptomaniac would surely be viewed as such in many other areas of the world.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The quote states that “On the other hand, people with a serious mental illness such as bipolar disorder usually do have SOME control over what they do.” .
  • Yet Another 10 Bizarre Mental Disorders - Listverse 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

.Another fact which has been commented upon is that these patients at the onset of an attack of excitement often appear to be in excellent physical health.^ Another fact which has been commented upon is that these patients at the onset of an attack of excitement often appear to be in excellent physical health.

^ Another very general mental symptom is the presence of emotionalism which leads the patient to be affected either to tears or to laughter upon trifling and inadequate occasions.

^ The patients who recover frequently show at the onset of their disease acute symptoms, such as mild excitement, slightly febrile temperature and quick pulse-rate.

.The earliest symptoms of onset are moral rather than physical.^ The earliest symptoms of onset are moral rather than physical.

^ In a distinct minority of cases, AD begins early, in the fourth or fifth decade, rather than the more typical onset after age 70 or 75.
  • Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders: Frontiers for Preventive Intervention Research 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Mysterious 'fevers' are very common childhood ailments, and generally fever is thought to be a disease itself rather than a symptom.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.The patient changes in character, generally for the worse.^ The patient changes in character, generally for the worse.

.The sober man becomes intemperate.^ The sober man becomes intemperate.

.The steady man of business enters into foolish, reckless speculation.^ The steady man of business enters into foolish, reckless speculation .

.There is a tendency for the patient to seek the society of inferiors and to ignore the recognized conventionalities of life and decency.^ There is a tendency for the patient to seek the society of inferiors and to ignore the recognized conventionalities of life and decency.

^ If there is an actual increase, and there is reason for believing that there is a slight actual increase, it is due to the tendency of the population to gravitate towards towns and cities, where the conditions of health are inferior to those of rural life, and where there is therefore a greater disposition to disease of all kinds.

^ In Scotland the Rules in Macnaughton's case are recognized, but, as in England, there is a tendency among judges to adopt a generous construction of them.

.The dress becomes extravagant and vulgar and the speech loud, boastful and obscene.^ The dress becomes extravagant and vulgar and the speech loud, boastful and obscene.

.These symptoms may exist for a considerable period before some accidental circumstance or some more than usually extravagant departure from the laws and customs of civilization draws public attention to the condition of the patient.^ These symptoms may exist for a considerable period before some accidental circumstance or some more than usually extravagant departure from the laws and customs of civilization draws public attention to the condition of the patient.

^ It's quite possible she has more than one of these conditions; scientists are now inclined to believe that these ailments (along with epilepsy and other seizure disorders) are related at the neurological level, and people who suffer from one are exceptionally likely to have the others.

^ Although anxiety in itself is likely to feature in the clinical presentation of most patients, somatic complaints such as chest pain, palpitations, respiratory difficulty, headaches, and the like are also common, and these symptoms may be more common in developing countries.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.The symptoms of the fully developed disease differ in degree in different cases.^ The symptoms of the fully developed disease differ in degree in different cases.

^ A typical case of the fully developed disease is not easily mistaken.

^ Mental symptoms vary considerably in different cases and in accordance with the seat and extent of the lesion.

.The face is often flushed and the expression unnatural.^ The face is often flushed and the expression unnatural.

.There is constant restlessness, steady loss of body weight, and sleeplessness.^ There is constant restlessness, steady loss of body weight, and sleeplessness.

^ The patient remains in a state of constant restlessness, both of body and mind, untidy or absurd in dress, noisy, amorous, vindictive, boisterously happy or virulently abusive.

^ Histories of sudden outbursts of mania can rarely be relied on, as the illness is almost invariably preceded by loss of body weight, sleeplessness, bad dreams, headaches and symptoms of general malaise, sometimes associated with depression.

.In very acute attacks there are frequently symptoms of gastric disorder, while in other cases the appetite is enormous, gross and perverted.^ In very acute attacks there are frequently symptoms of gastric disorder, while in other cases the appetite is enormous, gross and perverted.

^ The patients who recover frequently show at the onset of their disease acute symptoms, such as mild excitement, slightly febrile temperature and quick pulse-rate.

^ The situation in British Honduras indicates that there it is feasible to institutionalize only the severest cases of psychiatric disorder, whether this severity is expressed in anti-social behavior or merely the very inappropriate.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.The leucocytosis is above that usually met with in health, and the increase in the early stages is due to the relative and absolute increase in the multinucleated or polymorphonuclear leucocytes.^ The leucocytosis is above that usually met with in health, and the increase in the early stages is due to the relative and absolute increase in the multinucleated or polymorphonuclear leucocytes.

^ In some cases a sharp febrile attack accompanies the onset of the stupor, while in others this symptom is absent; but in every case examined by Bruce during the acute stage there was an increase in the number of the white blood corpuscles, which, just prior to the onset of stupor, were sometimes enormously increased; the increase being entirely due to multiplication of the multinucleated or polymorphonuclear leucocytes.

^ This is usually due to the fact that children grow up spending more time in their mother's home and thus knowing these relatives better.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.The hyperleucocytosis is not, however, so high as it is in acute mania, and upon recovery taking place the leucocytosis always falls to normal.^ The hyperleucocytosis is not, however, so high as it is in acute mania, and upon recovery taking place the leucocytosis always falls to normal.

^ Acute mania in the majority of cases ends in recovery.

^ When recovery does take place there is marked improvement in development.

.In the serum of over 80% of cases there are present agglutinines to certain strains of streptococci, which.^ In the blood serum also there can be demonstrated the presence of agglutinines to certain members of the streptococci group.

^ In the serum of over 80% of cases there are present agglutinines to certain strains of streptococci, which.

^ In many of the forms of insanity which present the symptom of hyperleucocytosis there can also be demonstrated the fact that the blood serum of the patients contains agglutinines to certain members of a group of streptococci (so called on account of their tendency to grow in the form of a chain, arp€irr6S; (iii.

agglutinines are not present in the serum of healthy persons. .The changes in the urine are those which one would expect to find in persons losing weight; the amount of nitrogenous output is in excess of the nitrogen ingested in the food.^ The changes in the urine are those which one would expect to find in persons losing weight; the amount of nitrogenous output is in excess of the nitrogen ingested in the food.

^ Given this, one would expect recognized and labelled cases of psychiatric disorder in British Honduras to be rather severe, and this is very much the case.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I find a direct correlation between my weight and the amount of stress in my life.
  • Occam's Razor: Mental Illness Tag Archive 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: Original source]

.Mentally there is always exaltation rather than excitement, and when excitement is present it is never of a delirious nature, that is to say, the patient is cognizant of the surroundings, and the special senses are abnormally acute, particularly those of sight and hearing.^ I'm there but I'm not always there, if that makes sense.

^ Hallucinations of sight and hearing may be present.

^ All the special senses may be affected, but sight and hearing are always implicated.

.Hallucinations and delusion are sometimes present, but many cases pass through several attacks without exhibiting either of these classes of symptoms.^ Many patients pass through attack after attack without suffering from hallucinations or delusions, but in rare cases hallucinations of hearing and sight are present.

^ Hallucinations and delusion are sometimes present, but many cases pass through several attacks without exhibiting either of these classes of symptoms.

^ In the case of mania, the delusions or hallucinations would not involve themes of inflated worth, power, knowledge, or identity, or a special relationship to a deity or a famous person.
  • glossary of psychiatric terminology 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.abess.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The patient is always garrulous and delighted to make any chance acquaintance the confidant of his most private affairs.^ The patient is always garrulous and delighted to make any chance acquaintance the confidant of his most private affairs.

.The mood is sometimes expansive and benevolent, interruption in the flow of talk may suddenly change the subject of the conversation or the patient may with equal suddenness fly into a violent rage, use foul and obscene language, ending with loud laughter and protestations of eternal friendship.^ The mood is sometimes expansive and benevolent, interruption in the flow of talk may suddenly change the subject of the conversation or the patient may with equal suddenness fly into a violent rage, use foul and obscene language, ending with loud laughter and protestations of eternal friendship.

^ The person may neglect appearance, not bathing or changing clothes, and may be hard to talk tobarely talking or saying things that make no sense.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mood Pervasive and sustained feelings and emotions as subjectively described by the patient.
  • Mental Health and Psychology Dictionary - Psychology, Psychiatry, and Psychopathology 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In other words the mental processes are easily stimulated and as easily diverted into other channels.^ In other words the mental processes are easily stimulated and as easily diverted into other channels.

^ A mental mechanism in which the self or others are reviewed as all good or all bad, with failure to integrate the positive and negative qualities of self and others into cohesive images.
  • glossary of psychiatric terminology 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC www.abess.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In other words this form of mental disorder does not tend to produce dementia; the explanation probably being that between the attacks there is no toxaemia.

.The train of thought is, as it were, constantly being changed by accidental associations.^ The train of thought is, as it were, constantly being changed by accidental associations.

.Although consciousness is not impaired, the power of work is abolished as the attention cannot be directed continuously to any subject, and yet the patient may be capable of writing letters in which facts and fiction are most ingeniously blended.^ Although consciousness is not impaired, the power of work is abolished as the attention cannot be directed continuously to any subject, and yet the patient may be capable of writing letters in which facts and fiction are most ingeniously blended.

^ Although anxiety in itself is likely to feature in the clinical presentation of most patients, somatic complaints such as chest pain, palpitations, respiratory difficulty, headaches, and the like are also common, and these symptoms may be more common in developing countries.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ The confusion of the acute stage passes off and the attention can be more readily attracted but cannot be concentrated on any subject for any length of time.

.A typical case will pass through the emotions of joy, sorrow and rage in the course of a few minutes.^ A typical case will pass through the emotions of joy, sorrow and rage in the course of a few minutes.

^ Self-control is generally lost suddenly, and the patient rapidly passes into a state of delirious excitement, to recover again, apparently, in the course of a few weeks.

^ Folie circulaire implies that the disease invariably passes through a complete cycle , which description is only applicable to very few of the cases.

.The memory is not impaired and is often hyperacute.^ Usually the result of impaired memory (often occurs in dementia) or attention deficit (for instance, in delirium).
  • Mental Health and Psychology Dictionary - Psychology, Psychiatry, and Psychopathology 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The speech may be rambling but is rarely incoherent.^ The speech may be rambling but is rarely incoherent.

.The course of the attack is in some cases short, lasting for from one to three weeks, while in others the condition lasts for years.^ However, some of the items on the lists can be caused by other conditions.
  • Books Dealing with Children's Mental Health 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncpamd.com [Source type: General]

^ There have been, in the last ten years, two cases of women murdering men by throwing gasoline on them in an enclosed area and then tossing a match.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ None of the above three men is considered a psychiatric case although the backwards-runner and the kleptomaniac would surely be viewed as such in many other areas of the world.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

.The patient remains in a state of constant restlessness, both of body and mind, untidy or absurd in dress, noisy, amorous, vindictive, boisterously happy or virulently abusive.^ The patient remains in a state of constant restlessness, both of body and mind, untidy or absurd in dress, noisy, amorous, vindictive, boisterously happy or virulently abusive.

^ I experience derealization on a daily basis, and while I mostly find it an extremely fascinating state of mind and body, it can just as well be scary.
  • Yet Another 10 Bizarre Mental Disorders - Listverse 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ There is constant restlessness, steady loss of body weight, and sleeplessness.

.As time passes a change sets in.^ As time passes a change sets in.

.The patient sleeps better, begins to lay on flesh, the sudden mental fluctuations become less marked and finally disappear.^ Mentally the patient becomes quite demented.

^ The patient sleeps better, begins to lay on flesh, the sudden mental fluctuations become less marked and finally disappear.

^ Their prognosis tends to be less favorable than for the usual bipolar patient, although somewhat better than for individuals with schizophrenia.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Many of these patients remember every detail of their lives during the state of elevation, and many are acutely ashamed of their actions during this period of their illness.^ Many of these patients remember every detail of their lives during the state of elevation, and many are acutely ashamed of their actions during this period of their illness.

^ A recovering patient gradually gains weight, sleeps soundly at night and has periods of partial quiescence during the day, particularly in the morning after a good night's sleep.

^ On the other hand, many delusions are apparently the outcome of the patient's mental state.

.As a sequel to the attack of elevation there is usually an attack of depression, but this is not a necessary sequel.^ As a sequel to the attack of elevation there is usually an attack of depression, but this is not a necessary sequel.

^ If the mental attacks partake of the character of elevation or depression the mental functions suffer more than the motor.

^ Mentally there is profound depression with delusions, and persistent or recurring attacks of hallucinations of hearing.

.The majority of patients recover even after years of illness, but the attacks are always liable to recur.^ The majority of patients recover even after years of illness, but the attacks are always liable to recur.

^ The general bodily condition has a great deal to do with the onset of the attack, that is to say, the patient is more liable to an attack when the bodily condition is low than when the health is good.

^ Delusions of unworthiness and unpardonable sin are not uncommon, and if once expressed are liable to recur again during the course of each successive attack.

.Even recurrent attacks, however, leave behind them little if any mental impairment.^ Even recurrent attacks, however, leave behind them little if any mental impairment.

^ Dipsomania is a condition characterized by recurrent or periodic attacks of an irresistible craving for Epileptic such disease as epileptic insanit A brain, however,insanity.

Treatment

.General attention to the health of the body, and an abundance of nourishing food, and, where necessary, the use of sedatives such as bromide and sulphonal, sum up the treatment of the elevated stage of manic-depressive insanity.^ General attention to the health of the body, and an abundance of nourishing food, and, where necessary, the use of sedatives such as bromide and sulphonal , sum up the treatment of the elevated stage of manic-depressive insanity.

^ Treatment consists in attention to the general health between attacks, with the use of such tonics as arsenic and strychnine.

^ Periodic Influence 8 Statistics 9 Treatment 10 Excited Melancholia 11 Treatment 12 Treatment 13 Acute Mania 14 Treatment 15 The Elevated Stage of Folie Circulaire or Manic Depressive Insanity 16 Treatment 17 Treatment 18 Treatment 19 (b) Arterial Degeneration 20 Chronic Alcoholic Insanity 21 Dipsomania 22 2.

.In Germany it is the custom to treat such cases in continuous warm baths, extending sometimes for weeks.^ In Germany it is the custom to treat such cases in continuous warm baths, extending sometimes for weeks.

^ A continuous warm bath frequently produces sleep and reduces excitement.

^ In such cases, the depression is often overlooked and is not treated.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The use of warm baths of several hours' duration has not proved satisfactory.^ The use of warm baths of several hours' duration has not proved satisfactory.

^ The same towel may be used for several children but only if they are bathed in unison.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most people bathe in the late afternoon using water which has been placed in the sun to warm or adding water which has been heated on the stove.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

Delusional Insanity. - .Considerable confusion exists at the present day regarding the term delusional insanity.^ Considerable confusion exists at the present day regarding the term delusional insanity.

^ The Rules in Macnaughton's case have, as regards moral insanity, undergone considerable modification.

^ Considerable diversity of opinion exists at present regarding the causation of general paralysis.

.It is not correct to define the condition as a disease in which delusions dominate the conduct and are the chief mental symptom present.^ It is not correct to define the condition as a disease in which delusions dominate the conduct and are the chief mental symptom present.

^ The mental symptoms associated with the disease may arise either as the result of an overdose, when the patient suffers from hallucinations, confusion and mild delirium, frequently associated with vomiting.

^ In some cases the mental symptoms may be concealed, but delusions and hallucinations, particularly hallucinations of sight and hearing, are very commonly present.

.Such a definition would include many chronic cases of melancholia and mania.^ Such a definition would include many chronic cases of melancholia and mania.

^ None of the above three men is considered a psychiatric case although the backwards-runner and the kleptomaniac would surely be viewed as such in many other areas of the world.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During the prodromal stage of such conditions as mania and melancholia the digestive functions of the stomach and intestine are almost or completely in abeyance .

.All patients who suffer from attacks of acute insanity and who do not recover tend to become delusional, and any attempt to include and describe such cases in a group by themselves and term them delusional insanity is inadmissible.^ All patients who suffer from attacks of acute insanity and who do not recover tend to become delusional, and any attempt to include and describe such cases in a group by themselves and term them delusional insanity is inadmissible.

^ After all, one cannot work/produce when suffering from permanent mood swings, mania, restlessness, and irritability, or the ailments associated with a body destroyed by fat attacks.
  • Dissident Voice : Mental Illness or Social Sickness? 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC dissidentvoice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All your friends who you name in your songs have become larger than life in the juggalo world.
  • Murder Dog Archives 11 September 2009 6:45 UTC www.murderdog.com [Source type: General]

.The fact that delusional insanity has been described under such various terms as progressive systematized insanity, mania of persecution and grandeur, monomanias of persecution, unseen agency, grandeur and paranoia, indicates that the disease is obscure in its origin, probably passing through various stages, and in some instances having been confused with the terminal stages of mania and melancholia.^ Under the term mania two distinct diseased conditions can be described, viz.

^ Such terms as delusional melancholia, resistive melancholia, stuporose melancholia, suicidal melancholia, religious melancholia, &c.

^ The fact that delusional insanity has been described under such various terms as progressive systematized insanity, mania of persecution and grandeur, monomanias of persecution, unseen agency, grandeur and paranoia , indicates that the disease is obscure in its origin, probably passing through various stages, and in some instances having been confused with the terminal stages of mania and melancholia.

.If this is admitted, then probably the best description of the disease is that given by V. Magnan under the term of "systematized delusional insanity," and it may be accepted that many cases conform very closely to Magnan's description.^ If this is admitted, then probably the best description of the disease is that given by V. Magnan under the term of "systematized delusional insanity," and it may be accepted that many cases conform very closely to Magnan's description.

^ The fact that delusional insanity has been described under such various terms as progressive systematized insanity, mania of persecution and grandeur, monomanias of persecution, unseen agency, grandeur and paranoia , indicates that the disease is obscure in its origin, probably passing through various stages, and in some instances having been confused with the terminal stages of mania and melancholia.

^ This may help many children come to terms with a divorce, or a problem like ADHD or depression.
  • Books Dealing with Children's Mental Health 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncpamd.com [Source type: General]

.The disease occurs with equal frequency in men and women, and in the majority of cases commences during adolescence or early adult life.^ The disease occurs with equal frequency in men and women, and in the majority of cases commences during adolescence or early adult life.

^ Katatonia attacks women more frequently than men, and is essentially a disease of adolescence, but typical cases occasionally occur in adults.

^ The disease attacks men and women with equal frequency, and as a rule manifests itself either late in adolescence or during the decline of life.

.The universally accepted predisposing cause is hereditary predisposition.^ Hereditary predisposition is present in over 50% of the cases and is the chief predisposing cause.

^ The universally accepted predisposing cause is hereditary predisposition.

^ The most widely and generally accepted view of the exciting cause of insanity is that the predisposed brain readily breaks down under mental stress or bodily privations.

.As to the exciting causes nothing is known beyond the fact that certain forms of disease, closely resembling delusional insanity, are apparently associated or caused by chronic alcoholism or occur as a sequel to syphilitic infection.^ As to the exciting causes nothing is known beyond the fact that certain forms of disease, closely resembling delusional insanity, are apparently associated or caused by chronic alcoholism or occur as a sequel to syphilitic infection.

^ In acute insanities rashes are not uncommon, and in chronic conditions, especially conditions of depression, crops of papules occur on the face, chest and shoulders.

^ Almost any mental disorder may be associated with chronic alcoholism, but the most characteristic mental symptoms are delusions of suspicion and persecution which resemble very closely those of the persecution stage of systematized delusional insanity.

.In the vast majority of cases the onset is lost in obscurity, the patient only drawing attention to the diseased condition by insane conduct after the delusional state is definitely established.^ The onset is gradual in the large majority of cases.

^ In the vast majority of cases the onset is lost in obscurity, the patient only drawing attention to the diseased condition by insane conduct after the delusional state is definitely established.

^ The patients who recover frequently show at the onset of their disease acute symptoms, such as mild excitement, slightly febrile temperature and quick pulse-rate.

.The friends of such persons frequently affirm that the patient has always been abnormal.^ Needless to say, I rarely missed an opportunity to visit a friend or neighbor in the hospital and I was always available with my vehicle to take persons to and from the doctor.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition, patients in modern psychiatric hospitals frequently receive other medications, such as sedatives and minor tranquilizers, which further raise the seizure threshold.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Prozac user's alienation is frequently lamented by the friends, family, and loved ones of patients of Prozac --but not necessarily by the drug user.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, this may be, there is no doubt that in a few cases the onset is acute and closely resembles the onset of acute melancholia.^ However, this may be, there is no doubt that in a few cases the onset is acute and closely resembles the onset of acute melancholia.

^ I was under the assumption that when we went back to court in a few weeks, the plan would be changed to adoption as there had been no appropriate relatives to take him.

^ In such cases the bones of the skull may be injured; it is only fair, however, to say that more brains are saved than injured by instrumental interference.

.The patient is depressed, confused, suffers from hallucinations of hearing and there are disturbances of the bodily health.^ The patient is depressed, confused, suffers from hallucinations of hearing and there are disturbances of the bodily health.

^ The patient is usually not psychotic - he is aware that he what he sees, smells, feels, or hears is not there.
  • Mental Health and Psychology Dictionary - Psychology, Psychiatry, and Psychopathology 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mental symptoms associated with the disease may arise either as the result of an overdose, when the patient suffers from hallucinations, confusion and mild delirium, frequently associated with vomiting.

.There is generally mal-nutrition with dyspepsia and vague neuralgic pains, often referred to the heart and intestines.^ There is generally mal-nutrition with dyspepsia and vague neuralgic pains, often referred to the heart and intestines.

^ The heart's action is often weak and irregular, but beyond these symptoms there are no special characteristic symptoms.

^ The nutrition of the body is below par, and the patient frequently complains of indefinite symptoms of malaise referred to the heart and abdomen .

.Even at this stage the patient may labour under delusions.^ Even at this stage the patient may labour under delusions.

^ The acute stage of onset generally lasts for from two to three weeks, and within that period the patient may make a rapid and sudden recovery.

^ In some cases it lasts for weeks, in others for months or years, and may be the terminal stage of the disease, the patient gradually sinking into dementia or making a recovery.

.These acute attacks are of short duration and the patient apparently recovers, but not uncommonly both hallucinations and delusions persist, although they may be concealed.^ These acute attacks are of short duration and the patient apparently recovers, but not uncommonly both hallucinations and delusions persist, although they may be concealed.

^ Although anxiety in itself is likely to feature in the clinical presentation of most patients, somatic complaints such as chest pain, palpitations, respiratory difficulty, headaches, and the like are also common, and these symptoms may be more common in developing countries.
  • Mental Disorders -- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries -- NCBI Bookshelf 18 January 2010 6:25 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ They may get excited or angry for no apparent reason, or spend a lot of time by themselves, or in bed, sleeping during the day and staying awake at night.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The second or delusional stage sets in very gradually.^ The second or delusional stage sets in very gradually.

^ This, the second or persecutory stage of delusional insanity, may persist through life.

.This is the stage in which the patient most frequently comes under medical examination.^ This is the stage in which the patient most frequently comes under medical examination.

^ Because of the withdrawal problems, patients should try to come off the medications while receiving emotional and social support from others and with supervision by someone familiar with the process.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many medications now come with patient package inserts, describing the medication, how it should be taken, and side effects to look for.
  • Medications for Mental Illness 13 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.athealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The appearance is always peculiar and unhealthy.^ The appearance is always peculiar and unhealthy.

.The manner is unnatural and may suggest a state of suspicion.^ The manner is unnatural and may suggest a state of suspicion.

.The nutrition of the body is below par, and the patient frequently complains of indefinite symptoms of malaise referred to the heart and abdomen.^ The nutrition of the body is below par, and the patient frequently complains of indefinite symptoms of malaise referred to the heart and abdomen .

^ The patients who recover frequently show at the onset of their disease acute symptoms, such as mild excitement, slightly febrile temperature and quick pulse-rate.

^ The mental symptoms associated with the disease may arise either as the result of an overdose, when the patient suffers from hallucinations, confusion and mild delirium, frequently associated with vomiting.

.The heart's action is often weak and irregular, but beyond these symptoms there are no special characteristic symptoms.^ The heart's action is often weak and irregular, but beyond these symptoms there are no special characteristic symptoms.

^ These influences may act independently of moral shock ; but, where this is coincident, there is a condition of the nervous system unprepared to resist its action.

^ There are no highs anymore, nothing to delight the senses, the heart, or the mind.
  • Psychiatric Insanity 9 February 2010 14:44 UTC www.tuberose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mentally there may be depression when the patient is sullen and uncommunicative.^ Mentally there may be depression when the patient is sullen and uncommunicative.

^ The mental symptoms associated with the disease may arise either as the result of an overdose, when the patient suffers from hallucinations, confusion and mild delirium, frequently associated with vomiting.

^ Mentally the patient, although depressed, miserable and selfabsorbed, is not confused.

.It will be found, however, that he always suffers from hallucinations.^ It will be found, however, that he always suffers from hallucinations.

.At first hallucinations of hearing are the most prominent, but later all the special senses may be implicated.^ Of the special senses, hearing is most frequently affected.

^ All the special senses may be affected, but sight and hearing are always implicated.

^ Hallucinations of sight and hearing may be present.

.These hallucinations constantly annoy the patient and are always more troublesome at night.^ These hallucinations constantly annoy the patient and are always more troublesome at night.

^ Moreover, the senile patients more frequently present symptoms of recurrent attacks of acute insanity, a more pronounced emotionalism, and a greater tendency to restlessness at night.

^ The patient is depressed, the face has a strained, anxious expression, while more or less mental confusion is always present.

.Voices make accusations through the walls, floors, roofs or door.^ Voices make accusations through the walls, floors, roofs or door .

.Faces appear at the window and make grimaces.^ Faces appear at the window and make grimaces.

.Poisonous gases are pumped into the room.^ Poisonous gases are pumped into the room.

^ The patient hears voices shouting foul abuse at him; all his thoughts are read and repeated aloud; electric shocks are sent through him at night; gases are pumped into his room.

.Electricity, Röntgen rays and marconigrams play through the walls.^ Electricity, Röntgen rays and marconigrams play through the walls.

.The food is poisoned or consists of filth.^ The food is poisoned or consists of filth.

^ Hallucinations of the senses of taste and smell are almost invariably associated with the delusion that the patient's food is being poisoned or that it consists of objectionable matter.

.In many cases symptoms of visceral discomfort are supposed to be the result of nightly surgical operations or sexual assaults.^ In many cases symptoms of visceral discomfort are supposed to be the result of nightly surgical operations or sexual assaults.

^ Hallucinations and delusion are sometimes present, but many cases pass through several attacks without exhibiting either of these classes of symptoms.

^ In many cases the alcoholism is merely a symptom of the mental disease - a result, not a cause.

.All these persecutions are ascribed to unknown persons or to some known person, sect or class.^ All these persecutions are ascribed to unknown persons or to some known person, sect or class.

^ Some particularly quarrelsome and obnoxious persons make frequent appearances in court and are well known to all the participating personnel.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In all, with any case of a person with exaggerated fears of magical persecution, poisoning, and the like, it is wiser to withhold the diagnosis of paranoia until all the facts come to light, keeping in mind that many of the "facts" will never be known.
  • THE RECOGNITION OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER IN BRITISH HONDURAS, Belize History 18 September 2009 15:38 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: Original source]