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Insurgency in the Philippines
MILF militant laying prone.jpg
A Muslim separatist trains with his machine gun.
Date 1969-Present
Location Philippines
Status Ongoing
Belligerents
 Philippines

Supported by:
 United States[4]

NPA.png New People's Army[5]
Pi milf.gif Moro Islamic Liberation Front[5]
Pi milf.gif Moro National Liberation Front[5]
Flag of Jihad.svg Abu Sayyaf
Flag of Jihad.svg Rajah Sulaiman Movement
Flag of Jihad.svg Jemaah Islamiyah
Ampatuan militiamen[1]

The insurgency in the Philippines refers to conflicts between rebel groups and the Philippine government and its supporters. Although the rebel organizations themselves existed prior to the 1960's, the insurgency itself began on 1969.[6]

Contents

History

The communist party first appeared in the Philippines in the 1930s as the Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas (Communist Party of the Philippines). In 1948, after World War II, several rebel groups instigated the Hukbalahap Rebellion, an armed struggle against the Philippine government and its supporters. The organization was re-formed in 1968 and the New People's Army (NPA) was established in 1969. The N.P.A. group is active in the island of Luzon, Samar, Leyte, Surigao and Agusan. [7] Since the 1960s, the N.P.A. has fought in different provinces in the Philippines and has claimed about 40,000 deaths in the conflict.[8]

Between the 1960s and 1980s, separatist organizations such as the Moro National Liberation Front and Moro Islamic Liberation Front have emerged. These groups are active primarily on the islands of Mindanao, Palawan and the Sulu Archipelago and other neighbouring islands. These groups have been fighting since the 1960s.

Islamist groups such as the Abu Sayyaf and Rajah Sulaiman movement, have been supported by groups outside the Philippines such as Jemaah Islamiyah and Al Qaeda. Since 2001, the Philippine government and the United States have identified this insurgency as part of the War on Terrorism and an American military operation called Operation Enduring Freedom - Philippines was established to support the Philippine government to combat the insurgency.[9]

Ampatuan Members

More than 1,000 men, most of whom belonged to civilian volunteer organizations of the Ampatuans, have occupied certain areas in Maguindanao and are firing at government troops even when unprovoked, according to Interior and Local Government Secretary Ronaldo Puno.[10]

Terrorist incidents

See also

References

External links

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