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Started in 1952, the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) is located in Perambur, a suburb of Chennai, India. Its primary products are rail coaches. Most of the coaches manufactured are supplied to the Indian Railways, but it has also manufactured coaches for railway companies in other countries, including Thailand, Burma, Taiwan, Zambia, Philippines, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Nigeria, Mozambique and Bangladesh. Recently, ICF exported coaches to Angola. It also has got orders worth of Rs. 102 crores from Sri Lanka.

The coach factory provides a number of different coaches primarily for the Indian Railways, primarily first and second class coaches, pantry and kitchen cars, luggage and brake vans, self propelled coaches, electric, diesel and mainline electric multiple units (EMU, DMU, MEMU), metro coaches and Diesel Electric Tower Cars (DETC), Accident Relief Medical Vans (ARMV), Inspection Cars (RA), Fuel Test Cars, Track Recording Cars, the latest coaches are for the Deccan Odyssey (a luxury train of the Indian Railways), and coaches for MRVC (world class coaches).

History

The Integral Coach Factory was set up in 1951 with the help of M/s Swiss Car and Elevator Manufacturing Corporation Ltd., Schlieren-Zurich (Switzerland). The first Kirloskar 8½” centre lathe was installed by the then Railway Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri in the machine shop on 20th Jan 1955. It was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on 2nd October 1955. Thus this great factory, ICF, came into being with K. Sadagopan, as the first Chief Administrative Officer. Dignitaries present on this occasion included Lal Bahadur Shastri, Railway Minister; O.V.Alagesan, Dy. Minister for Railways; K. Kamaraj, Chief Minister of Madras Presidency and U.Huber, Director of the Swiss company, for whom this was a proud moment, a witness to the consummation of the efforts of his experts working in collaboration with Indian engineers. Production began in a modest manner in 1955 with the manufacture of seven third class coach shells. Today the coach factory produces more than 1600 coaches of more than 170 varieties. In the year 2007-08, ICF created a milestone by producing 1291 railway passenger coaches, as against its installed capacity of 1000 coaches per annum. It employs about 13,000 persons. Every year they are manufacturing nearly 1336 coaches. Per day they are manufacturing 6 coaches.

Structure of the organization

The Integral Coach Factory consists of two main parts - shell division and the furnishing division. The shell division manufactures the skeleton of the rail coach, while the furnishing division is concerned with the coach interiors and amenities.

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