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Intel Atom
Atom Z520 vs 1Cent.JPG
Intel Atom Z520 compared to a 1c Euro coin which has a diameter of 16.25mm
Produced 2008–present
Common manufacturer(s) Intel
Max. CPU clock rate 800 MHz to 2 GHz
FSB speeds 400 MHz to 667 MHz
Min. feature size 45nm
Instruction set MMX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, x86, x86-64 (not for the N2xx and Z series)
Cores 1, 2
Package(s) 441-ball µFCBGA
Core name(s) Silverthorne
Diamondville
.Intel Atom is the brand name for a line of ultra-low-voltage x86 and x86-64 CPUs (or microprocessors) from Intel, designed in 45 nm CMOS and used mainly in netbooks, nettops, and Mobile Internet devices (MIDs).^ Netbooks with Intel Atom N450 why no 64-bits?
  • Netbooks with Intel Atom N450 why no 64-bits? 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.computing.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Intel Atom processor is the leading CPU in the nettop market segment.
  • Phoenix Technologies Ltd - Phoenix HyperSpace(TM) to be Bundled With Intel(R) Atom(TM) Processor-Based Motherboards 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC investor.phoenix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Netbooks, embedded systems, consumer electronic devices, and MIDs (Mobile Internet Devices) are using its different flavors.
  • Downsizing Multicore Programming Skills to Take Advantage of Intel Atom | Dr. Dobb's and Intel Go Parallel Programming 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.ddj.com [Source type: General]

.On December 21, 2009 Intel announced the next generation of Atom processors, including the N450, with total kit power consumption down 40%.^ The Intel Atom N470 processor is faster than the N450, 1 ...
  • Intel Atom - Blogs, Pictures, and more on Blogged 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.blogged.com [Source type: General]

^ Intel Atom processor .
  • HEXUS.net - Tech explained :: Intel Atom processor : Page - 1/1 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.hexus.net [Source type: General]

^ Power management ICs optimize Intel Atom processors .
  • Power management ICs optimize Intel Atom processors | Power Management DesignLine Europe 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.powermanagement-europe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]

Contents

History

.Intel Atom is a direct successor of the Intel A100/A110 low-power microprocessors (code-named Stealey), which were built on a 90 nm process, had 512 KB L2 cache and run at 600 MHz/800 MHz with 3W TDP.^ Powered by the Intel Atom processor.
  • Intel Software Network Blogs » ‘Atom 101′ – Deciphering the Intel codewords around MIDs 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC software.intel.com [Source type: General]

^ The code name for another version of the Intel Atom processor, optimized first for low-cost then for low-power.
  • Intel Software Network Blogs » ‘Atom 101′ – Deciphering the Intel codewords around MIDs 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC software.intel.com [Source type: General]

^ Intel Atom is a very powerful microprocessor.
  • Downsizing Multicore Programming Skills to Take Advantage of Intel Atom | Dr. Dobb's and Intel Go Parallel Programming 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.ddj.com [Source type: General]

.Prior to the Silverthorne announcement, outside sources had speculated that Atom would compete with AMD's Geode system-on-a-chip processors, used by the One Laptop per Child project, and other cost- and power-sensitive applications for x86 processors.^ In other words, it's low power and low cost *and* it's X86 compatible.
  • 7 Facts About the New Intel Atom CPU and Platform 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC digg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The low-cost Atom processor is primarily used in low-cost laptops, called netbooks.
  • Intel's Atom Processor No Longer in Short Supply - PCWorld Business Center 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.pcworld.com [Source type: General]

^ The processor is usually an Intel or AMD chip that is the power and brains of the laptop.
  • News Bits: AMD Netbook Processor, Intel Atom Dual-Core, Dell Vostro A860 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.notebookreview.com [Source type: General]

.However, Intel revealed on October 15, 2007 that it was developing another new mobile processor, codenamed Diamondville, for OLPC-type devices.^ Tags: Development/design , Mobile processors , Intel Corp.
  • intel atom stories - ZDNet Asia 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.zdnetasia.com [Source type: General]

^ Mobile processors , ASUS , Intel Atom .
  • intel atom stories - ZDNet Asia 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.zdnetasia.com [Source type: General]

^ Need help with that new Intel processor?
  • Intel Atom 230 and Atom N270 Processors Announced : Intel Processor Forum 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC forums.legitreviews.com [Source type: General]

[2]
."Atom" was the name under which Silverthorne would be sold, while the supporting chipset formerly code-named Menlow was called Centrino Atom.^ Code name for the Intel Centrino Atom processor technology platform.
  • Intel Software Network Blogs » ‘Atom 101′ – Deciphering the Intel codewords around MIDs 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC software.intel.com [Source type: General]

^ The Menlow platform will be called Intel Centrino Atom.
  • Intel Atom - Tech ARP Forums 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC forums.techarp.com [Source type: General]

^ The Silverthorne processor will be called the Intel Atom.
  • Intel Atom - Tech ARP Forums 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC forums.techarp.com [Source type: General]

[3] .Intel's initial Atom press release only briefly discussed "Diamondville" and implied that it too would be named "Atom"[4], strengthening speculation that Diamondville is simply a lower-cost, higher-yielding version of Silverthorne with slightly higher TDPs at slightly lower clock speeds.^ Intel releases beta version of the Atom Developer Program SDK .
  • Intel releases beta version of the Atom Developer Program SDK | NetbookTech 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.netbooktech.com [Source type: General]

^ Initially known by the names Silverthorne and Diamondville , the processors in this new line will be called "Atom".
  • Intel Atom CPU Review : Introduction - Review Tom's Hardware 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.tomshardware.com [Source type: General]

^ The initial versions of the Intel Atom processor are code named "Silverthorne" and "Diamondville" (see below).
  • Intel Software Network Blogs » ‘Atom 101′ – Deciphering the Intel codewords around MIDs 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC software.intel.com [Source type: General]

[5]
.At Spring Intel Developer Forum (IDF) 2008 in Shanghai, Intel officially announced that Silverthorne and Diamondville are based on the same microarchitecture.^ Voices of Shanghai: IDF 2008 .
  • Intel Atom Processor | PodTech.net 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.podtech.net [Source type: General]

^ Intel gave official details at the 2008 IDF. .
  • New Intel Atom Chipset for Netbooks Around Mid-Year – jkOnTheRun 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC jkontherun.com [Source type: General]

^ PearTree is a MID (Mobile Internet Device) format development platform based on the Z500 series Intel Atom processors (previously codenamed Silverthorne) and the Intel US15W System Controller Hub (previously codenamed Poulsbo).

.Silverthorne would be called the Atom Z series and Diamondville would be called the Atom N series.^ The Silverthorne processor will be called the Intel Atom.
  • Intel Atom - Tech ARP Forums 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC forums.techarp.com [Source type: General]

^ The Intel Atom processor (codenamed Silverthorne and Diamondville) is Intel's newest embedded processor, targeting the embedded and ultra-mobile PC markets where low power is of utmost importance.
  • MindShare - Intel Atom Processor (Training) 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC mindshare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On March 15, 2008, we revealed details of Intel's new Atom processors , based on the Diamondville and Silverthorne cores, as well as the new Centrino Atom platform.
  • " + Title + " 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.techarp.com [Source type: General]
  • " + Title + " 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.rojakpot.com [Source type: General]

.The more expensive lower-power Silverthorne parts will be used in Intel Mobile Internet Devices (MIDs) whereas Diamondville will be used in low-cost desktop and notebooks.^ Intel ready with Atom processors for low-cost notebooks .
  • Intel ready with Atom processors for low-cost notebooks | Apple - CNET News 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

^ And, the Intel Atom is ready to offer its low power use advantage.
  • Windows Mobile in the (Intel) Atom(ic) Age | Aton International, Inc. 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.aton.com [Source type: General]

^ Intel Atom is family of ultra-low power microprocessors designed for Mobile Internet Devices and ultra mobile PCs.
  • Intel Atom microprocessors 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.cpu-world.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Several Mini-ITX motherboard samples have also been revealed.^ Intel is selling the Atom motherboard tested here at retailers and e-tailers in a Mini-ITX format ( which VIA pioneered 1.5 years ago ).
  • Introduction & Power - Intel Atom vs.VIA Nano | [H]ard|OCP 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.hardocp.com [Source type: General]
  • Introduction & Power - Intel Atom vs.VIA Nano | [H]ard|OCP 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC enthusiast.hardocp.com [Source type: General]

^ Intel BOXD945GCLF Intel Atom processor 230 Intel 945GC Mini ITX Motherboard/CPU Combo - Retail .
  • Newegg.com - Intel BOXD945GCLF Intel Atom processor 230 Intel 945GC Mini ITX Motherboard/CPU Combo - Motherboard / CPU / VGA Combo 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.newegg.com [Source type: General]

^ Is it possible to put these on a motherboard (maybe mini-ITX)?
  • Technology@Intel · Introducing the Intel® Atom™ processor 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC blogs.intel.com [Source type: General]

[6] Intel and Lenovo also jointly announced an Atom powered MID called the IdeaPad U8.[7] The IdeaPad U8 weighs 280 g and has a 4.8 in (12 cm) touchscreen providing better portability than a netbook PC and easier Internet viewing than a mobile phone or PDA.
.In April 2008, a MID development kit was announced by Sophia Systems[8] and the first board called CoreExpress-ECO was revealed by a German company LiPPERT Embedded Computers, GmbH.[9][10] Intel offers Atom based motherboards.^ Intel Atom Mini-ITX boards .
  • mini-itx.com - store - Intel Atom Mini-ITX boards 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.mini-itx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Embedded Computing Systems - Embedded411.com Embedded Computing Systems - Embedded411.com .
  • Intel’s Atom Processor Turns One | Embedded Computing Systems - Embedded411.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC embeddedcomputingsystems.com [Source type: General]

^ Development boards and kits .
  • Intel® Embedded Design Center 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC edc.intel.com [Source type: Reference]

[11][12]

Availability

.Atom processors became available to system manufacturers in 2008. Because they are soldered, like northbridges and southbridges, onto a mainboard, Atom processors are not available to home users or system builders as separate processors, although they may be obtained preinstalled on some ITX motherboards.^ Intel Atom processors, manufactured on the chipmaker's latest 45nm process, maintain the Core 2 Duo instruction set to include support for multi-threading, according to Intel.
  • Intel Announces Five New Atom Processors 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.guru3d.com [Source type: General]

^ MSRP -- Released January, 2008 The Intel Atom series features Intel's smallest computer processor designed for Mobile Internet Devices and low-cost PCs.
  • Intel Atom 330 - ProductWiki unbiased product reviews 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.productwiki.com [Source type: General]

^ Blog Operating on less than 50 watts under stress, the new ecoquiet PCs will be the first in the UK to take advantage of the exciting new Atom processor from industry leader, Intel They may not be the first Atom -based computers available for pre-order...
  • Intel atom Content at ZDNet UK 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.zdnet.co.uk [Source type: General]

The Diamondville Atom is used in the HP Mini Series, aigo MID Asus N10, Lenovo IdeaPad S10, Acer Aspire One & Packard Bell's "dot" (ZG5), recent ASUS Eee PC systems, AMtek Elego, Dell Inspiron Mini Series, Gigabyte M912, LG X Series, Samsung NC10, Sylvania g Netbook Meso, Toshiba NB series (100, 200, 205), MSI Wind PC netbooks, RedFox Wizbook 1020i, Zenith Z-Book, a range of Aleutia desktops, and the Archos 10.

Performance

.The performance of a single core Atom is about half that of a Pentium M of the same clock rate.^ The CE4100 is roughly half the size of the previous SoC for TV, the CE3100, and includes a 45-nanometer Atom with a clock speed up to 1.2 GHz.
  • Intel Displays Atom System-On-Chip For TV -- Intel Developer Forum -- InformationWeek 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.informationweek.com [Source type: General]

^ Atom is a new architecture that offers Pentium M-class performance within a 2-W power envelope packed into a 25-mm 2 die.
  • Analysis: Hits and misses in coverage of Intel's Atom | DSP DesignLine 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.dspdesignline.com [Source type: News]

^ Essentially, the presence of two cores in similar platforms (Atom vs. Atom) is better than one, but we'll see below that the newer core is more energy efficient for the same benchmark performance.
  • Intel's New Atom D510 Benchmark Tested - Reviews by PC Magazine 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.pcmag.com [Source type: General]

For example, the Atom N270 found in many netbooks such as the Eee PC can deliver around 3300 MIPS and 2.1 GFLOPS in standard benchmarks,[13] compared to 7400 MIPS and 3.9 GFLOPS for the similarly clocked (1.73 GHz) Pentium M 740.[14]
.The Pineview platform has proven not to be much faster than the previous Diamondville platform.^ Intel’s new Pine Trail chips aren’t designed to be significantly faster than the Atom Diamondville chips we’ve been using for the last 18 months.

^ It is a very hodge-podge mechanism with holes all over the place – much easier to get wrong than to get right the way they do it, and history has proven that out.
  • I, Cringely » Blog Archive » Atomic Warfare - Cringely on technology 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.cringely.com [Source type: General]

^ To summarize the good things of the new Pineview Atom processors they are generally faster than the current Diamondville Atoms.
  • Intel launches Atom Pine Trail platform | NordicHardware 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.nordichardware.com [Source type: General]

.This is because the Pineview platform uses the same Bonnell execution core as Diamondville and is still connected to the memory controller via FSB. This is why memory latency and performance in CPU-intensive applications is barely improved.^ Pineview uses an on-die memory controller and GPU, the GMA 3150.
  • Intel at CES: Westmere, Atom, TV « Icrontic Tech 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC tech.icrontic.com [Source type: General]

^ It's still a crappy CPU but now with an integrated GPU and memory controller.
  • 7 Facts About the New Intel Atom CPU and Platform 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC digg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Integrates memory controller and graphics in CPU .

[15]

Instruction set architecture

.Atom implements the x86 (IA-32) instruction set; x86-64 is so far only activated for the desktop Diamondville and desktop and mobile Pineview cores.^ As regards 64-bit code (x86-64), it is supported by only the Diamondville core and only in the Atom 230 model.
  • Digital-Daily: CPU Intel Atom 230 (Diamondville) | CPU & Memory 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.digital-daily.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Note: These CFLAGS set GCC to generate code for Intel Core processor family, but with generic instruction tuning suitable for the Atom's in-order execution engine.
  • Safe Cflags/Intel - Gentoo Linux Wiki 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC en.gentoo-wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Intel Atom processor is based on an entirely new microarchitecture designed specifically for small devices and low power, while maintaining the Intel Core 2 Duo instruction set compatibility consumers are accustomed to when using a standard PC and the Internet.
  • Intel Atom Processors for Mobile Internet Devices and Internet-centric Computers at Embedded-System . Net 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC embedded-system.net [Source type: News]

.The Atom N2xx and Z5xx series Atom models cannot run x86-64 code.^ The Atom Z5xx series will remains the same.
  • Intel announces Atom N450 Pine Trail CPU | YugaTech | Philippines, Technology News & Reviews 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.yugatech.com [Source type: General]

^ Datasheet: Intel® Atom™ Processor Z5xx Series (large form factor) Overview of the Intel® Atom™ Processor Z5xx series (large form factor).
  • Intel® Embedded Design Center 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC edc.intel.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Trace Length Calculator: Intel® Atom™ Processor Z5xx Series and the Intel® System Controller Hub-Based Platform (large form factor) Trace Length Calculator for the Intel® Atom™ Processor Z5xx series and the Intel® System Controller Hub-based platform (large form factor).
  • Intel® Embedded Design Center 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC edc.intel.com [Source type: Reference]

[16]

Architecture

.Intel Atom can execute up to two instructions per cycle.^ Atom can decode two instructions per clock cycle.
  • All Atom Models | Hardware Secrets 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.hardwaresecrets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Atom too has two integer execution units and can execute a pair of instructions per clock at peak.
  • Optimizing for the Intel Atom CPU - virtualdub.org 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.virtualdub.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Intel Atom processors, manufactured on the chipmaker's latest 45nm process, maintain the Core 2 Duo instruction set to include support for multi-threading, according to Intel.
  • Intel Announces Five New Atom Processors 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.guru3d.com [Source type: General]

Like many other x86 microprocessors, it translates x86-instructions (CISC instructions) into simpler internal operations (sometimes referred to as micro-ops i.e. effectively RISC style instructions) prior to execution. .The majority of instructions produce one micro-op when translated, with around 4% producing multiple micro-ops.^ Multiple micro-ops per instruction are combined into a single micro-op and executed in a single cycle, resulting in improved performance and power savings.
  • Intel® Atom™ Processor Z5xx Series for Embedded Computing - Overview 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC developer.intel.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The following commands, for instance, counts the number of cycles in which less than one micro-ops was retired, i.e., no micro-ops were retired, for the ls command: .
  • perfmon2: pfmon Intel Atom processor documentation 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC perfmon2.sourceforge.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The number of instructions that produce more than one micro-op is significantly fewer than the P6 and NetBurst microarchitectures.^ Netbook shipments totalled around 17 million in 2008, with the number expected to more than double by the end of this year, according to research firm DisplaySearch.
  • Intel updates Atom netbook processor range - Techworld.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.techworld.com [Source type: General]

^ It launched at 1.5 GHz and gave us our first bittersweet taste of the NetBurst microarchitecture, which Intel would use to replace the P6 design.
  • Intel's Ultra-Portable Atom: Unveiled - HotHardware 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC hothardware.com [Source type: General]

^ But many applications cannot take advantage of more than one core, which is why Intel has added a “turbo boost” mode into its upcoming processors.
  • Embedded Intel® - Building On The Intel� Atom� Processor 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.embeddedintel.com [Source type: General]

.In the Atom, internal μ-ops can contain both a memory load and a memory store in connection with an ALU operation, thus being more similar to the x86 level and more powerful than the μ-ops used in previous designs.^ For this reason, the VIA Nano uses more power than Intel 's Atom .
  • Intel atom Content at ZDNet UK 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.zdnet.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ It is reported that the Atom N450 will be priced at $64, or $20 more than the currently available 1.6GHz N270, while the N470 will cost $75 (note again, the memory and graphics controllers will be on-die -- so the cost difference is probably negligible).
  • Intel Atom N450 to launch on January 3? - TechSpot News 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.techspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Announced around the same time as Intel's Atom, VIA's new Nano CPU is widely reported to be faster than Atom yet draw only slightly more power (dependent on clock speed).
  • VIA Nano vs Intel Atom - TrustedReviews - TrustedReviews 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.trustedreviews.com [Source type: General]
  • VIA Nano vs Intel Atom - TrustedReviews - TrustedReviews 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.trustedreviews.com [Source type: General]

[17] .This enables relatively good performance with only two integer ALUs, and without any instruction reordering, speculative execution, or register renaming.^ The processor also has 32K I-cache and 24KB D-cache (instruction and data L1 cache) and has independent floating point and integer execution units.
  • Intel Announces Atom™ - Silverthorne Launched - HotHardware 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC hothardware.com [Source type: News]

^ Multiple micro-ops per instruction are combined into a single micro-op and executed in a single cycle, resulting in improved performance and power savings.
  • Intel® Atom™ Processor Z5xx Series for Embedded Computing - Overview 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC developer.intel.com [Source type: Reference]

^ One, it's sometimes available on a few more execution ports -- I think one of the Pentium 4 versions could do logical OR on only one of the fast ALUs.
  • Optimizing for the Intel Atom CPU, part 2 - virtualdub.org 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC virtualdub.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Atom therefore represents a partial revival of the principles used in earlier Intel designs such as Intel P5 and the i486, with the sole purpose of enhancing the performance per watt ratio.^ News Intel on Tuesday gave the first preview of its next-generation Atom chip, with a more integrated design intended to improve performance and energy efficiency.
  • Intel atom Content at ZDNet UK 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.zdnet.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ The Atom processors are based on Intel’s IA-32 architecture, which is a bit behind the system architecture used in the company’s Core 2 line currently dominating Intel’s desktop and notebook processor lines.

^ MSRP -- Released January, 2008 The Intel Atom series features Intel's smallest computer processor designed for Mobile Internet Devices and low-cost PCs.
  • Intel Atom 330 - ProductWiki unbiased product reviews 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.productwiki.com [Source type: General]

However, Hyper-Threading is implemented as an easy (i.e. low power) way to employ both pipelines efficiently by avoiding the typical single thread dependencies.[17]
Intel Atom processor family
Previous logo Current logo Code-name Series Core On-Die GPU TDP HT x86-64 Intel VT Release date
Intel Atom logo 2008 Intel Atom logo 2009 MID / Ultra-Mobile PC
Silverthorne Atom Z single (45 nm) No 0.65~2 W No No No April 2008
2~2.4 W Yes Yes
Classmate PC / Netbook / Nettop
Diamondville Atom N200 single (45 nm) No 2.5 W Yes No No June 2008
Atom 200 4 W Yes
Atom 300 dual (45 nm) 8 W September 2008
Pineview Atom N400 single (45 nm) Yes 5.5 W January 2010
Atom D510 dual (45 nm) 10/13 W
List of Intel Atom microprocessors

Atom Z series

.On March 2, 2008, Intel announced a new single-core processor (code-named Silverthorne) to be used in ultra-mobile PCs/Mobile Internet Devices (MIDs) which will supersede Intel A100.^ Silverthorne is targeted for use in mobile Internet devices.
  • Intel Software Network Blogs » ‘Atom 101′ – Deciphering the Intel codewords around MIDs 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC software.intel.com [Source type: General]

^ For mobile Internet devices.
  • Intel Software Network Blogs » ‘Atom 101′ – Deciphering the Intel codewords around MIDs 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC software.intel.com [Source type: General]

^ Mini-PC Barebone features Intel Core i7 processors.
  • Barebone Computer uses Intel Atom Dual-Core processor., Shuttle Inc. 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.thomasnet.com [Source type: General]

.The processor is a 47 million transistor, 25 mm2, sub-3 W IA processor which allows ~2500 chips to fit on a single 300 mm diameter wafer, allowing for extremely economical production.^ Contains 47 million transistors.
  • Intel Software Network Blogs » ‘Atom 101′ – Deciphering the Intel codewords around MIDs 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC software.intel.com [Source type: General]

^ The chip yield during manufacturing is also very high thanks to the tiny format; Intel can theoretically get up to 2,500 Atom processors from a single 300 mm wafer.
  • Atom Benchmarked: 4W Of Performance : Intel Atom 230 At 1.60 GHz With Hyper-Threading - Review Tom's Hardware 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.tomshardware.com [Source type: General]

^ The processors were equipped in 45nm production with the worlds smallest transistors, said Intels Vice President Sean Maloney.
  • Intel D945GCLF (with integrated Atom 1.6Ghz CPU) BOX 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.cartft.com [Source type: General]

.An Atom Z500 processor's dual-thread performance is equivalent to its predecessor Intel A110, but should outperform it on applications that can leverage simultaneous multithreading and SSE3.^ Intel Atom processor .
  • HEXUS.net - Tech explained :: Intel Atom processor : Page - 1/1 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.hexus.net [Source type: General]

^ Intel's first dual-core Atom processor will debut this month.
  • DailyTech - Intel Roadmap Shows Next-Gen Atom in Q3 2009 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.dailytech.com [Source type: General]

^ Barebone Computer uses Intel Atom Dual-Core processor.
  • Barebone Computer uses Intel Atom Dual-Core processor., Shuttle Inc. 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.thomasnet.com [Source type: General]

[18] .They run from 0.8 to 2.0 GHz and have between 0.65 and 2.4 W TDP rating respectively that can dip down to 0.01 W[19] when idle.^ Intel is launching five Atom products, ranging from 800 MHz on up to 1.86 GHz, running at between 0.65 watts to 2.4 watts.
  • Intel Launches Low-Power Atom Processor - Technology News by ExtremeTech 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.extremetech.com [Source type: General]

.It features a 2-issue simultaneous multithreading, 16 stage in-order pipeline with 32 KB instruction L1 and 24 KB data L1 caches, integer and floating point execution units, x86 front end, a 512 KB L2 cache and data transferred at 533 MHz on the front-side bus.^ [It] has 56K total of instruction and data L1 cache with 512K of L2 cache.
  • New Intel Atom Pineview/Pinetrail slaps Nvidia - Computerworld Blogs 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC blogs.computerworld.com [Source type: General]
  • New Intel Atom Pineview/Pinetrail slaps Nvidia - Computerworld Blogs 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC blogs.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

^ KB L1 instruction cache and 24 KB L1 data cache.
  • All Atom Models | Hardware Secrets 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.hardwaresecrets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Atom CPUs have a 32 KB L1 instruction cache, a 24 KB L1 data cache and a 512 KB L2 cache (1 MB on dual-core model).
  • All Atom Models | Hardware Secrets 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.hardwaresecrets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The design is manufactured in 9M 45 nm high-k metal-gate CMOS and housed in a 441-ball µFCBGA package.^ Manufactured under 45-nm process.
  • All Atom Models | Hardware Secrets 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.hardwaresecrets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Atom will be built on Intel's 45nm high-K plus metal gate CMOS process.
  • Intel Launches Low-Power Atom Processor - Technology News by ExtremeTech 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.extremetech.com [Source type: General]

^ The 32nm process technology is based on high-k metal gate.
  • Technology@Intel · Home 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC blogs.intel.com [Source type: General]

[20][21]

Atom N series

The Intel Atom N270
.On March 2, 2008, Intel announced lower-power variants of the Diamondville and Pineview CPUs previously intended for nettops, to be used in the Classmate PC netbook.^ CPU Intel Atom 230 (Diamondville) .
  • Digital-Daily: CPU Intel Atom 230 (Diamondville) | CPU & Memory 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.digital-daily.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CPU Intel Atom 230 (Diamondville) 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.digital-daily.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Intel used to call "nettops".
  • New Intel Atom Pineview/Pinetrail slaps Nvidia - Computerworld Blogs 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC blogs.computerworld.com [Source type: General]
  • New Intel Atom Pineview/Pinetrail slaps Nvidia - Computerworld Blogs 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC blogs.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

^ MSRP -- Released January, 2008 The Intel Atom series features Intel's smallest computer processor designed for Mobile Internet Devices and low-cost PCs.
  • Intel Atom 330 - ProductWiki unbiased product reviews 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.productwiki.com [Source type: General]

[22][23][24][25] .Like their predecessors, these are single-core parts with HyperThreading.^ On the mobile side of things, the single-core 1.66GHz Atom N450 is expected to announce with 512KB L2 cache, Hyperthreading, and 64-bit support.
  • Intel Atom | Thinkpads.com - News, Reviews, Coupons, Deals on ThinkPad & IdeaPad Laptop computers 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.thinkpads.com [Source type: General]

^ While these processors still single-core only, they will offer hyperthreading which should help multitasking a bit.
  • Intel Atom | Thinkpads.com - News, Reviews, Coupons, Deals on ThinkPad & IdeaPad Laptop computers 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.thinkpads.com [Source type: General]

^ The Atom range is vast, encompassing single- and dual-core models, available with and without the performance benefits of HyperThreading.
  • HEXUS.net - Tech explained :: Intel Atom processor : Page - 1/1 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.hexus.net [Source type: General]
  • Scan.co.uk: Intel Atom CPU TekSpek Guide 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.scan.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The N270 has 2.5 W TDP, running at 1.6 GHz[26] with a 533 MHz FSB. The N280 has a 1.66 GHz clockspeed and a 667 MHz FSB.[27]
.On December 21, 2009 Intel announced the N450 with integrated graphics.^ December 21, 2009 Enlarge .
  • Intel Announces Next-Generation Atom Platform (w/ Video) 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.physorg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ December 21, 2009.
  • New Intel Atom Pineview/Pinetrail slaps Nvidia - Computerworld Blogs 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC blogs.computerworld.com [Source type: General]
  • New Intel Atom Pineview/Pinetrail slaps Nvidia - Computerworld Blogs 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC blogs.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Kelin Kuhn on December 21, 2009 .
  • Technology@Intel · Home 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC blogs.intel.com [Source type: General]

[1] .Total kit power goes from 11.8 W to 7 W with the new processor and chipset, a 40% improvement.^ The new Intel Atom processor N450 for netbooks coupled with the new low power Intel NM10 Express chipset is 60% smaller than the previous generation platform with 20% lower average power.
  • Technology@Intel · Home 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC blogs.intel.com [Source type: General]

^ Combine any of these with a low-power Intel 945GSE chipset with integrated graphics (4 watts), and the Atom enables an incredibly low total-platform TDP. .
  • Intel and their World's Smallest Super-CPU, the Atom! - www.sysopt.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.sysopt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All three are paired with the new low-power NM10 Express Chipset, which was also announced on Monday.
  • Technology News: Chips: Intel to Boost Netbooks' Atomic Power 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.technewsworld.com [Source type: News]
  • Technology News: Chips: Intel to Boost Netbooks' Atomic Power 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.technewsworld.com [Source type: News]

[28][29] .Intel GMA 3150, a 45 nm shrink of the GMA 3100 with no HD capabilities, is included as the on-die GPU. Netbooks using this new processor were expected to be publicly shown at CES on January 4, 2010, and to be released for sale on January 11, 2010.[30][31] The major new feature includes longer battery life, with 6 cell systems reporting 10 or more hours of battery life.^ The GMA 3150 is a rebranded 3100.
  • 7 Facts About the New Intel Atom CPU and Platform 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC digg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A 3 cell, 4 hour battery is also available.

^ Intel adds Atom processors to new range of netbooks .
  • Intel atom articles - Techworld.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC search.techworld.com [Source type: General]

[32][33][34]
On 1st March, 2010 Intel officially announced the introduction of the N470 processor,[35][36] running at 1.83 GHz with a 667 MHz FSB and a Max TDP of 6.5 W.[37]

Atom 300 series

.On September 22, 2008, Intel announced a new dual-core processor (unofficially code-named Dual Diamondville) branded Atom 330 of the Atom 300 series to be used in desktop computers.^ Intel Atom processor .
  • HEXUS.net - Tech explained :: Intel Atom processor : Page - 1/1 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.hexus.net [Source type: General]

^ Intel's hopes for new chips "which will be sold under the Centrino Atom brand name".
  • Intel launches mighty Atom | Technology | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Acer aspire laptops with intel core 2 duo, intel atom processors - Acer Aspire Intel .
  • Acer aspire laptops with intel core 2 duo, intel atom processors - Acer Aspire Intel 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC laptopbargains.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It runs at a 1.6 GHz clock speed and has an FSB running at 533 MHz.^ Clock speed, GHz .
  • Digital-Daily: CPU Intel Atom 230 (Diamondville) | CPU & Memory 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.digital-daily.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Intel Atom processors have a power draw ranging from only 0.65 to 2.4 watts and run at clock speeds from 800MHz to 1.86Ghz.
  • Intel's Atom is The Big News at IDF - InternetNews.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.internetnews.com [Source type: News]

^ Compared to the N270, the N280 only offers a minimal higher clock speed and a faster FSB. The performance increase should not really be noticeable.
  • Notebookcheck: Intel Atom N280 Notebook Processor 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.notebookcheck.net [Source type: General]

The processor has an 8 W TDP rating. .Its dual core comprises two Diamondville dies next to each other on a single package (substrate).^ The purported specs show the Pineview Atom CPUs coming in single- and dual-core versions running at 1.66 GHz -- an imperceptible boost over today's 1.6 GHz.
  • Nvidia: Ion will outperform next-gen Intel Pineview Atoms - intel atom, nvidia - Computerworld 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.computerworld.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Intel is also launching a new Atom processor with two processing cores, the D510, which it is targeted at entry-level desktops and replaces an existing dual-core Atom.
  • Intel launches redesigned Atom chip for Netbooks 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.yousaytoo.com [Source type: General]

^ I'd probably buy the Intel D945GCLF2 next since it comes with a GB NIC and is dual-core atom processor.
  • Newegg.com - Intel BOXD945GCLF Intel Atom processor 230 Intel 945GC Mini ITX Motherboard/CPU Combo - Motherboard / CPU / VGA Combo 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.newegg.com [Source type: General]

.Atom 330 supports 64 bit instructions.^ I didn't see any 64 bits mode on Atom 330, then I do some.
  • Intel Atom 330 - Ubuntu 64bit or 32bit - LinuxQuestions.org 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.linuxquestions.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It looks like the 330 does indeed support 64 bit.
  • Intel Atom 330 - Ubuntu 64bit or 32bit - LinuxQuestions.org 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.linuxquestions.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tests on atom 330 with 64 bits Ubuntu .
  • Intel Atom 330 - Ubuntu 64bit or 32bit - LinuxQuestions.org 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.linuxquestions.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During 2009, Nvidia used the Atom 300 and their GeForce 9400M chipset on a mini-ITX form factor motherboard for their Ion platform.^ Intel Atom Mini-ITX boards .
  • mini-itx.com - store - Intel Atom Mini-ITX boards 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.mini-itx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ASUS AT3N7A mini-ITX Dual Atom 330 ION .
  • Intel D945GCLF mini-ITX Atom 1.6Ghz 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.mini-box.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mini ITX form factor is backward compatible with ATX/MicroATX form factors.
  • Intel Atom Processor | Arrow Electronics North American Components 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.arrownac.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Power requirements

The relatively power-efficient Atom CPU is often used with a cheaper, more power consuming chipset like the Intel 945G
.Although the Atom processor itself is relatively power efficient for an x86 microprocessor, many chipsets commonly used with it dissipate significantly more power.^ Intel Atom processors have a power draw ranging from only 0.65 to 2.4 watts and run at clock speeds from 800MHz to 1.86Ghz.
  • Intel's Atom is The Big News at IDF - InternetNews.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.internetnews.com [Source type: News]

^ "The Intel Atom processor is based on an entirely new microarchitecture designed specifically for small devices and low power, while maintaining the Intel Core 2 Duo instruction set compatibility consumers are accustomed to when using a standard PC and the Internet.

^ The new Intel Atom processor N450 for netbooks coupled with the new low power Intel NM10 Express chipset is 60% smaller than the previous generation platform with 20% lower average power.
  • Technology@Intel · Home 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC blogs.intel.com [Source type: General]

.For example, while the N270 CPU commonly used in netbooks has a net maximum TDP of 2.5 W, an Intel Atom platform that uses the 945GSE Express chipset has a specified maximum TDP of 11.8 W, with the processor using a relatively small portion of the total power consumed.^ Intel Atom processor .
  • HEXUS.net - Tech explained :: Intel Atom processor : Page - 1/1 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.hexus.net [Source type: General]

^ The newest Intel Atom platform for netbooks consists of a new Intel Atom processor, the N450, and a new low-power Intel NM10 Express Chipset.
  • Intel Announces Next-Generation Atom Platform (w/ Video) 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.physorg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cable Digital News - Intel - Intel Launches 'Atom' Chips - Telecom News Wire 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.lightreading.com [Source type: General]

^ Intel® Mobile 945GSE + Intel® ICH7M Chipsets .
  • Intel Atom Mini ITX | 945GSE Mini ITX | Low Power PCU | Fanless 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.bcmcom.com [Source type: Academic]

.Individual figures are 2.5 W for the N270 processor, 6 W for the 945GSE chipset and 3.3 W for the 82801GBM I/O controller.^ Intel Atom Processor N270, Windows XP Home with Service Pack 3, 10.1" WSVGA Acer CrystalBrite LED Display, Mobile Intel 945GSE Express Chipset, Integrated Intel Graphics Media Accelerator 950, 1024MB...
  • Aspire One 1.6GHz Intel Atom Processor N270 Netbook Computer - Sapphire Blue at bizrate. Compare Prices and Read Consumer Reviews 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

^ Intel® Atom™ Z5xx Datasheet Intel® Atom™ Z5xx Product Brief Controller Hub Chipset Datasheet Controller Hub Chipset Product Brief Intel® Atom™ N270 Datasheet Intel® Atom™ N270 Product Brief .
  • Intel Atom Processor | Arrow Electronics North American Components 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.arrownac.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fanless Embedded Controller with the Intel Atom N270 processor and 4 x Intel Gigabit LAN .

[38][39][40][41] .Intel also provides the Intel System Controller Hub US15W chipset with a combined TDP of less than 5 W together with the Atom processor Z5xx (Silverthorne) series, to be used in ultra-mobile PCs/Mobile Internet Devices (MIDs).^ Intel® Mobile 945GSE + Intel® ICH7M Chipsets .
  • Intel Atom Mini ITX | 945GSE Mini ITX | Low Power PCU | Fanless 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.bcmcom.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Intel® Mobile 945GSE Chipset .
  • Intel Atom computer | Mobile 945GSE | Fanless PC | Small Form Factor | WiFi | VESA Mount | Panel PC | DC Power 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.bcmcom.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Intel christens Silverthorne as "Atom" .
  • Intel christens Silverthorne as "Atom" | George Ou | ZDNet.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC blogs.zdnet.com [Source type: General]

[42]
.Initially, all Atom motherboards on the consumer market featured the Intel 945GC chipset, which uses 22 watts alone.^ All functions are managed by an Intel 945GC Express chipset.
  • Barebone Computer uses Intel Atom Dual-Core processor., Shuttle Inc. 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.thomasnet.com [Source type: General]

^ The D945GCLF2 features a dual-core Atom processor and the Intel 945GC Express Chipset.
  • Intel Atom Processor | Arrow Electronics North American Components 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.arrownac.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Intel Atom processor is based on an entirely new microarchitecture designed specifically for small devices and low power, while maintaining the Intel Core 2 Duo instruction set compatibility consumers are accustomed to when using a standard PC and the Internet.
  • Intel Atom Processors for Mobile Internet Devices and Internet-centric Computers at Embedded-System . Net 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC embedded-system.net [Source type: News]

.As of early 2009, only a few manufacturers are offering lower power 945GSE-based motherboards to end users, paired with the Atom N270 or N280 CPU, while Dell's Mini10 (but not Mini10V) uses the US15W chipset with Z-series processors.^ "The Intel Atom processor is based on an entirely new microarchitecture designed specifically for small devices and low power, while maintaining the Intel Core 2 Duo instruction set compatibility consumers are accustomed to when using a standard PC and the Internet.

^ Featuring the the dual core Intel Atom 330 processor, manufactured using Intel's 45 nm processing technology, and the Intel 945GC Express Chipset.
  • Intel Atom 330 D945GCLF2 Mini ITX MB+ 2GB + Morex Case - eBay (item 160359390238 end time Feb-26-10 18:30:56 PST) 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC cgi.ebay.com [Source type: General]

^ New products in the Atom Z5xx series for embedded solutions offer different package sizes and can be used in in-car infotainment, media phones, eco-technologies and other applications according to the chipmaker.
  • Intel Atom on I4U News 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.i4u.com [Source type: General]

N450

.The current generation platform for the netbook version of the Intel Atom is codenamed "Pine Trail-M", which utilizes an Atom processor codenamed "Pineview-M" and a chipset codenamed "Tiger Point". The graphics and memory controller have moved into the processor, which is paired with the Tiger Point chipset.^ PST: Pine Trail is the name of the technology platform; Pineview is the name of the new Atom processor.
  • Atom posts - Business Tech - CNET News 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

^ While Pine Trail processors will not run faster than the current crop.
  • Intel Revealed Next Atom Processors. | SolSie.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC solsie.com [Source type: General]

^ New Toshiba Netbook packing Intel 'Pine Trail' silicon.
  • Atom posts - Business Tech - CNET News 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

.This creates a more power efficient 2-chip platform rather than the 3-chip one used with previous-generation Atom chipsets.^ The chips are smaller and more energy-efficient than their predecessors.
  • Technology News: Chips: Intel to Boost Netbooks' Atomic Power 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.technewsworld.com [Source type: News]
  • Technology News: Chips: Intel to Boost Netbooks' Atomic Power 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.technewsworld.com [Source type: News]

^ "We’ll see sleeker designs coming into the market and longer battery life," said Nanduri, adding that average power consumption has dropped 20 percent over the previous generation of Atom technology.
  • Intel Revealed Next Atom Processors. | SolSie.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC solsie.com [Source type: General]

^ The new Intel Atom processor N450 for netbooks coupled with the new low power Intel NM10 Express chipset is 60% smaller than the previous generation platform with 20% lower average power.
  • Technology@Intel · Home 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC blogs.intel.com [Source type: General]

[43]
.The current generation of the Atom is codenamed "Pineview" which utilizes the "Lincroft" system-on-a-chip architecture and is used in the "Pine Trail" platform.^ PST: Pine Trail is the name of the technology platform; Pineview is the name of the new Atom processor.
  • Atom posts - Business Tech - CNET News 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

^ All Atom chips run Intel Architecture (IA-32) code, although only a handful have been enabled for 64-bit operation.
  • Scan.co.uk: Intel Atom CPU TekSpek Guide 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.scan.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the integration of the memory controller and graphics core onto the processor die, the new Atom platform (code-named Pine Trail) now comprises of two chips (CPU + chipset) instead of the previous generation of three chips (CPU, chipset, I/O controller hub) which means a reduction of cost, overall footprint, and power consumption.
  • Intel Atom | Krunker 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.krunker.com [Source type: General]

.The new Atom became available on January 11, 2010.[44] It is used in netbook/nettop systems, and features a system-on-chip (SOC) with an integrated single-channel DDR2 memory controller and an integrated graphics core.^ The key component is the “ Pineview ,” which is a new CPU that integrates the Intel Atom N280 core with a DDR2 memory controller and graphics core .
  • Intel Atom | NetbookBoards.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC netbookboards.com [Source type: General]

^ Next-gen Atom chips available in January .
  • intel atom stories - ZDNet Asia 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.zdnetasia.com [Source type: General]

^ ION refers to the mating of the Atom CPU with NVIDIA's integrated GeForce 9400M graphics, and the purpose is to provide a far more comprehensive multimedia and gaming feature-set than Intel's supporting core-logic.
  • Scan.co.uk: Intel Atom CPU TekSpek Guide 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.scan.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It features hyper-threading and is still manufactured on a 45 nm[45] process.^ Manufactured under 45-nm process.
  • All Atom Models | Hardware Secrets 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.hardwaresecrets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Featuring the the dual core Intel Atom 330 processor, manufactured using Intel's 45 nm processing technology, and the Intel 945GC Express Chipset.
  • Intel Atom 330 D945GCLF2 Mini ITX MB+ 2GB + Morex Case - eBay (item 160359390238 end time Feb-26-10 18:30:56 PST) 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC cgi.ebay.com [Source type: General]

.The new system-on-a-chip design uses half the power of the older "Menlow" platform.^ Both processors are based on Intel’s new “Pine Trail” platform, which brings the integrated graphics onto the processor chip.
  • Intel Atom | Thinkpads.com - News, Reviews, Coupons, Deals on ThinkPad & IdeaPad Laptop computers 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.thinkpads.com [Source type: General]

^ The newest Intel Atom platform for netbooks consists of a new Intel Atom processor, the N450, and a new low-power Intel NM10 Express Chipset.
  • Intel Announces Next-Generation Atom Platform (w/ Video) 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.physorg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cable Digital News - Intel - Intel Launches 'Atom' Chips - Telecom News Wire 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.lightreading.com [Source type: General]

^ In fact, there have already been reports that some manufacturers aren’t in a hurry to build systems around the new platform.
  • Intel Atom | Thinkpads.com - News, Reviews, Coupons, Deals on ThinkPad & IdeaPad Laptop computers 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.thinkpads.com [Source type: General]

.This reduced overall power consumption and size makes the platform more desirable for use in smartphones and other mobile internet devices.^ New Device Desirable, Old Device Undesirable “Its higher price indicates to me that it is superior, and that not everyone will be able to afford it, which only makes me want to possess it more,” said Tim Sturges, owner of the old device, which he obtained 18 months ago when it was still the new device.
  • Intel CEO: Atom’s Da Bomb | John Paczkowski | Digital Daily | AllThingsD 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC digitaldaily.allthingsd.com [Source type: General]

^ Following announcements at an Intel developer forum in China, you can now read basically the same story in the New York Times ( Intel Makes a Push Into Pocket-Size Internet Devices ), Forbes ( Intel Goes Atomic ) and other papers.
  • Intel launches mighty Atom | Technology | guardian.co.uk 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ The move of Graphic Processor Unit to the CPU core allows up to 60% reduction in size and 20% improvement in power consumption for the N450.
  • Intel Revealed Next Atom Processors. | SolSie.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC solsie.com [Source type: General]

.LinuxTECH.NET[46] has put together an overview of all announced/released "Pine Trail" platform motherboards.^ Both processors are based on Intel’s new “Pine Trail” platform, which brings the integrated graphics onto the processor chip.
  • Intel Atom | Thinkpads.com - News, Reviews, Coupons, Deals on ThinkPad & IdeaPad Laptop computers 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.thinkpads.com [Source type: General]

^ Posted by Joyce in Intel , Netbook News 1 Comment While most netbook users are looking forward to the release of Intel’s Pine Trail platform in early 2010 , the company itself already has plans to further upgrade the Intel Atom platform in 2011.
  • Intel Atom | NetbookBoards.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC netbookboards.com [Source type: General]

^ PST: Pine Trail is the name of the technology platform; Pineview is the name of the new Atom processor.
  • Atom posts - Business Tech - CNET News 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

.On December 23, 2009, MSI introduced a new series of netbooks to be released in January 2010, the Wind U130 and U135, which are among the first netbooks to incorporate the new "Pine Trail" platform.^ January 23, 2010 .
  • Asus Eee PC 1005HA (Intel Atom N280 1.66GHz, 1GB RAM, 160GB HDD, XP Home, blue) Laptop reviews - CNET Reviews 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC reviews.cnet.com [Source type: General]

^ New Toshiba Netbook packing Intel 'Pine Trail' silicon.
  • Atom posts - Business Tech - CNET News 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

^ January 2010 December 2009 November 2009 October 2009 September 2009 August 2009 July 2009 June 2009 May 2009 April 2009 March 2009 February 2009 January 2009 December 2008 Links .
  • I, Cringely » Blog Archive » Atomic Warfare - Cringely on technology 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.cringely.com [Source type: General]

Other companies, like ASUS and Dell have also introduced netbooks based on the Pineview-M chip N450.

N470

On 27th February, 2010 Intel announced the N470. [47] [48]
.A single core Atom processor runs at 1.83GHz, with 512k of L2 cache and DDR2-667 support.^ The N450 is a single core Atom processor with 512k of L2 cache and a 7W total kit TDP including chipset.
  • Intel Atom Integrates Graphics, Memory Controller for Netbooks | EDNAsia.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.ednasia.com [Source type: News]

^ The N450 is a single core Atom processor with 512k of L2 cache and a 7 watt total kit TDP including chipset.
  • Intel Announces Next-Generation Atom Platform (w/ Video) 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.physorg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another characteristic is that most Atom processors do not support Enhanced Speedstep technology, nor any other technology that would allow it to slow down when idle.
  • All Atom Models | Hardware Secrets 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.hardwaresecrets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It has a integrated graphics processor built directly into the CPU to help improve performance and enable smaller, more energy-efficient designs for the popular netbook category.^ Intel Corporation announced new Intel Atom processors today that feature integrated graphics built directly into the CPU, enabling improved performance and smaller, more energy-efficient designs in a new generation of netbooks and Atom-based entry level desktop PCs.
  • Intel Announces Next-Generation Atom Platform (w/ Video) 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.physorg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The N450 processor frees up space by integrating the graphics processor onto the CPU, so Netbooks can be smaller and thinner.
  • Atom posts - Business Tech - CNET News 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

^ Intel Corporation announced new Intel Atom processors today that feature integrated graphics built directly into the CPU, enabling improved performance and smaller, more energy-efficient designs in a new generation ...
  • Intel Introduces New Atom Processors for Mobile Internet Devices 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.physorg.com [Source type: News]

Future

.In the second-half of 2010, Intel will release new versions of Pineview Atom chips that will support DDR3 memory.^ New Intel chip for netbooks?

^ The Centrino 2 platform, developed under the codename " Montevina ," will feature Penryn -based mobile processors, a new chipset, WiMax support and Intel's Turbo Memory, which uses Flash memory to improve PC performance – the latter is expected to be released this June.
  • Intel's Atom is The Big News at IDF - InternetNews.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.internetnews.com [Source type: News]

^ The purported specs show the Pineview Atom CPUs coming in single- and dual-core versions running at 1.66 GHz -- an imperceptible boost over today's 1.6 GHz.
  • Nvidia: Ion will outperform next-gen Intel Pineview Atoms - intel atom, nvidia - Computerworld 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.computerworld.com.au [Source type: General]

[49]
.In the second half of 2011, Intel will release a new Atom platform for netbook codenamed "Cedar Trail", which will be fabricated on the 32 nm technology.^ PST: Pine Trail is the name of the technology platform; Pineview is the name of the new Atom processor.
  • Atom posts - Business Tech - CNET News 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

^ New Toshiba Netbook packing Intel 'Pine Trail' silicon.
  • Atom posts - Business Tech - CNET News 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

^ Intel has released an updated version of the graphics driver for netbooks equipped with the Intel Atom platform.
  • Intel Atom | Thinkpads.com - News, Reviews, Coupons, Deals on ThinkPad & IdeaPad Laptop computers 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.thinkpads.com [Source type: General]

.Development of the new chip and platform will begin in late 2010. Intel claims that the chip will boast higher clock speeds and double performance as compared to "Pine Trail", although details are scarce.The code name of the platform is Ceder View and is rumored to have double the graphical power as the GMA 3150 in the current Pineview platform.^ Both processors are based on Intel’s new “Pine Trail” platform, which brings the integrated graphics onto the processor chip.
  • Intel Atom | Thinkpads.com - News, Reviews, Coupons, Deals on ThinkPad & IdeaPad Laptop computers 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.thinkpads.com [Source type: General]

^ Intel GMA 950 Graphics Controller .
  • MPCS Computers Intel Dual Core Atom/ Intel 945GCLF+160GB+2GB+20X DVDRW 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.mpcscomputers.com [Source type: General]

^ New Intel chip for netbooks?

[50]

Collaboration with TSMC

.In March 2009, Intel announced that they will be collaborating with TSMC for the production of the Atom processors.^ Monday, November 9th, 2009 Intel Atom processor die .
  • Intel Atom | Thinkpads.com - News, Reviews, Coupons, Deals on ThinkPad & IdeaPad Laptop computers 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.thinkpads.com [Source type: General]

^ Now its working on Intel Atom Processor.
  • Symbian on Intel’s Atom « Symbian Blog 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC blog.symbian.org [Source type: General]

^ Intel Atom processors have a power draw ranging from only 0.65 to 2.4 watts and run at clock speeds from 800MHz to 1.86Ghz.
  • Intel's Atom is The Big News at IDF - InternetNews.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.internetnews.com [Source type: News]

[51]

Competition

.Direct competitor from AMD is called Athlon Neo.^ But Intel’s Linux platform — called Moblin — can be extended to the desktop as a direct competitor to Windows 7 if the company finds success in the netbook space.
  • I, Cringely » Blog Archive » Atomic Warfare - Cringely on technology 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.cringely.com [Source type: General]

.It has significantly higher TDP than Atom (15W).^ According to the PCMark 05 and 3DMark2006 benchmarks, the Nano 3000 processor scored higher than the Intel Atom processor by 43% and 49%, respectively.
  • Intel Atom | NetbookBoards.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC netbookboards.com [Source type: General]

.With 27 mm × 27 mm in size and 2.5 mm in thickness, the Athlon Neo processors utilize a new package called "ASB1", essentially a BGA package, for smaller footprint to allow smaller designs for notebooks and lowering the cost.^ I New 7"" Mini Netbook Laptop Notebook WIFI Windows 2GB HD 7"" Mini Netbook Laptop Notebook WIFI Windows 2GB HD with Power-efficient design provides longer operating time when on the go.
  • Aspire One 1.6GHz Intel Atom Processor N270 Netbook Computer - Sapphire Blue at bizrate. Compare Prices and Read Consumer Reviews 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

^ Lenovo announced a new consumer desktop called the H200, which uses an Intel Atom 230 processor running at 1.6GHz.
  • Intel Atom Processor Appears in New Lenovo Desktop - Desktops and Notebooks from eWeek 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.eweek.com [Source type: General]

^ The overall package, including chipset, just got smaller due to the increasing integration and 45nm manufacturing, which means smaller, more compact system designs, lower costs for OEMs and improved performance.
  • Intel Announces Next-Generation Atom Platform (w/ Video) 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.physorg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The clock of the processors is significantly lower than desktop and other mobile counterparts to reach a low TDP, at 15W maximum for a single core x86 CPU. The Athlon Neo processors are equipped with 512 KB of L2 cache and HyperTransport 1.0 running at 800 MHz frequency.^ KB L2 cache (1 MB on model 330, which is dual core).
  • All Atom Models | Hardware Secrets 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.hardwaresecrets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Intel Atom processors have a power draw ranging from only 0.65 to 2.4 watts and run at clock speeds from 800MHz to 1.86Ghz.
  • Intel's Atom is The Big News at IDF - InternetNews.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.internetnews.com [Source type: News]

^ The new Atom chip is a single issue, in-order x86 CPU. Dropping advanced desktop processor features such as sophisticated branch prediction and speculative execution allowed Intel to both shrink the size of the new CPU and reduce power usage.
  • Intel Launches Low-Power Atom Processor - Technology News by ExtremeTech 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.extremetech.com [Source type: General]

.Embedded processors based on the ARM version 7 instruction set architecture (such as TI's OMAP 3 series and Freescale's i.MX51 based on the Cortex-A8 processor, or the Qualcomm Snapdragon and Marvell Armada 500/600 based on custom ARMv7 implementations) offer similar performance to the low end Atom chipsets but at roughly one quarter the power consumption, and (like most ARM systems) as a single integrated system on a chip, rather than a two chip solution like the current Atom line.^ But, from what I’ve read elsewhere, the ARM chips are “better” than Atom.
  • I, Cringely » Blog Archive » Atomic Warfare - Cringely on technology 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.cringely.com [Source type: General]

^ The futuristic Intel Atom processor is Intels smallest low-power processor1.
  • Intel D945GCLF2 Atom Motherboard - Intel Atom N330 1.60GHz Dual Core CPU, GMA 950 Graphics, VGA, S-Video at TigerDirect.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.tigerdirect.com [Source type: General]

^ Notes: * * Specific power consumption calculations can be performed per your request, please contact your sales representative for more information at (800)833-8999 .
  • 2808090 | Nano-ITX Motherboard the Intel Atom Processor and G 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.globalamericaninc.com [Source type: Academic]

.Although the next-generation Atom codenamed "Pineview" should greatly increase its competitiveness in performance/watt, ARM plans to counter the threat with the multi-core capable Cortex-A9 processor as used in Nvidia's Tegra 2, T.I.'s OMAP 4 series, and Qualcomm's next-generation Snapdragon series, among others.^ Barebone Computer uses Intel Atom Dual-Core processor.
  • Barebone Computer uses Intel Atom Dual-Core processor., Shuttle Inc. 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.thomasnet.com [Source type: General]

^ While the 2009 International CES expo saw any number of PC vendors offering a wide range of laptops and mininotebooks that use the Intel Atom processor, few OEMs talked about their plans for a desktop that uses the Atom chip.
  • Intel Atom Processor Appears in New Lenovo Desktop - Desktops and Notebooks from eWeek 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.eweek.com [Source type: General]

^ These CPU’s should boast better performance than Intel’s Atom on the whole and use around the same amount of power.
  • Intel Atom | Thinkpads.com - News, Reviews, Coupons, Deals on ThinkPad & IdeaPad Laptop computers 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.thinkpads.com [Source type: General]

.The Nano series from VIA is slightly above the average thermal envelope of the Atom, but offers hardware AES support, random number generators, and out-of-order execution.^ It features an out-of-order, superscalar execution core, 64-bit support, virtualization, and even SSE3 — all on a 94M-transistor, 65nm process die.
  • Slashdot | VIA Nano CPU Benchmarked, Beats Intel Atom 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC mobile.slashdot.org [Source type: General]

^ The Atom 1.6GHz performs slightly better than a Pentium III 1.0GHz, a little better than a VIA C7-M of the same speed and at about half the performance of a Celeron or Sempron of the same speed.
  • Intel's Atom not just for Netbooks anymore | Nanotech - The Circuits Blog - CNET News 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

^ Posted by Joyce in Intel , Netbook News , VIA 0 Comments In an attempt to compete with the Intel Atom netbook processor , VIA has announced its own new Nano chip .
  • Intel Atom | NetbookBoards.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC netbookboards.com [Source type: General]

.Performance comparisons of the Intel Atom against the Via Nano indicate that a single core Intel Atom is outperformed by the Via Nano which is in turn outperformed by a dual core Intel Atom 330 in tests where the second core is used.^ Barebone Computer uses Intel Atom Dual-Core processor.
  • Barebone Computer uses Intel Atom Dual-Core processor., Shuttle Inc. 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.thomasnet.com [Source type: General]

^ Barebone Computer uses Intel Atom Dual-Core processor., Shuttle Inc.
  • Barebone Computer uses Intel Atom Dual-Core processor., Shuttle Inc. 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.thomasnet.com [Source type: General]

^ An Intel Extreme quad-core will eat a Via Nano for breakfast.
  • Slashdot | VIA Nano CPU Benchmarked, Beats Intel Atom 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC mobile.slashdot.org [Source type: General]

[52][53][54][55][56][57][58]
.The Xcore86 (also known as the PMX 1000) is x586 based System on Chip (SoC) that offers a below average thermal envelope compared to the Atom.^ By Antone Gonsalves InformationWeek September 24, 2009 05:26 PM Intel on Thursday introduced an Atom-based system-on-chip as the platform for making the television the center for entertainment, social networking, and electronic commerce.
  • Intel Displays Atom System-On-Chip For TV -- Intel Developer Forum -- InformationWeek 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.informationweek.com [Source type: General]

^ And Atom is cheap--the Atom 230 is $29, whereas comparative Celeron chips are about $34 but draw much more power.
  • Intel's Atom not just for Netbooks anymore | Nanotech - The Circuits Blog - CNET News 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

^ If you’re in the market for a luxury car in the next few years, they might try to upsell you an Atom-based “infotainment” system .
  • The Best Intel Atom News, Reviews, Features, and Forums | MaximumPC - All of the Best Software and Hardware Reviews | Maximum PC 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.maximumpc.com [Source type: General]

.Kenton Williston of EE Times said that while Atom will not displace ARM from its current markets, the ability to apply the PC architecture into smaller, cheaper and lower power form factors will open up new markets for Intel.^ Intel wants to get into new products and markets.
  • I, Cringely » Blog Archive » Atomic Warfare - Cringely on technology 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC www.cringely.com [Source type: General]

^ "We’ll see sleeker designs coming into the market and longer battery life," said Nanduri, adding that average power consumption has dropped 20 percent over the previous generation of Atom technology.
  • Intel Revealed Next Atom Processors. | SolSie.com 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC solsie.com [Source type: General]

^ Intel claims a 20% improvement in the average power of the netbook platform, which reportedly translates into both a 60% smaller package and longer, better-than-eight-hour battery life.
  • Intel Updates Atom | PHP Developer's Journal 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC php.sys-con.com [Source type: General]
  • Intel Updates Atom | Virtualization Journal 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC virtualization.sys-con.com [Source type: General]
  • Intel Updates Atom | SOA World Magazine 2 February 2010 8:08 UTC soa.sys-con.com [Source type: General]

[59]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Intel Announces Next-Generation Atom Platform from Intel website
  2. ^ "Intel to unveil OLPC chips in Shanghai next April". InfoWorld. 2007-10-15. http://www.infoworld.com/article/07/10/15/Intel-to-unveil-OLPC-chips-in-Shanghai_1.html. 
  3. ^ PC World - Intel Announces Atom Brand for Silverthorne, Menlow
  4. ^ Intel (March 2, 2008). "Intel Announces Intel Atom Brand for New Family of Low-Power Processors". Press release. http://www.intel.com/pressroom/archive/releases/20080302comp.htm?iid=pr1_releasepri_20080302m. 
  5. ^ Diamondville: Silverthorne in Disguise, AnandTech.
  6. ^ http://www.hwupgrade.it/articoli/cpu/1938/intel-developer-forum-spring-2008-day-1_10.html
  7. ^ Lenovo exhibits Atom based MID Ideapad U8 at IDF 2008 : Specs, reviews and prices
  8. ^ MID dev kit sports Centrino Atom chipset
  9. ^ Tiny Centrino Atom-based module unveiled
  10. ^ CoreExpress
  11. ^ Intel Desktop Board D945GCLF - Overview
  12. ^ Intel offers $80 "Little Falls" Atom mobo
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ Intel Pentium M 740 PCSTATS Review - Benchmarks: Office Productivity, SiSoft Sandra 2005
  15. ^ http://www.anandtech.com/cpuchipsets/showdoc.aspx?i=3728&cp=2#comments
  16. ^ http://www.intel.com/products/processor/atom/specifications.htm
  17. ^ a b [2]
  18. ^ "ISSCC 2008: Details on Intel Silverthorne". 2008-02-04. http://blogs.zdnet.com/Ou/?p=987. Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  19. ^ "Intel christens Silverthorne as “Atom”". 2008-03-02. http://blogs.zdnet.com/Ou/?p=1037. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  20. ^ "ISSCC 2008 Preview: Silverthorne, Rock, Tukwila and More". 2007-12-05. http://www.realworldtech.com/page.cfm?ArticleID=RWT120507050619&p=2. 
  21. ^ "Intel sheds a little more light on Silverthorne, Posted by Tom Krazit". 2008-02-05. http://www.news.com/8301-13579_3-9865129-37.html?tag=nefd.top. 
  22. ^ LinuxWorld - Intel expects Atom desktops for $199
  23. ^ Intel plots $100 "NetTop" market with Diamondville - Engadget
  24. ^ Gizmodo, the Gadget Guide
  25. ^ 電腦領域 HKEPC Hardware - 全港 No.1 PC網站 - Dual Core版本Atom處理器Q3上陣 代號「Little Fall 2」 最高TDP僅12W
  26. ^ Intel Corporation. "Intel® Atom™ Processor N270 Product Information". http://ark.intel.com/Product.aspx?id=36331. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  27. ^ Intel Corporation. "Intel® Atom™ Processor N280 Product Information". http://ark.intel.com/Product.aspx?id=41411. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  28. ^ 9.3W + 2.5W = 11.8W
  29. ^ [3]
  30. ^ http://www.dailytech.com/Intel+Officially+Announces+Pineview+Atom+Chips+Pine+Trail+Netbook+Platform/article17056.htm
  31. ^ http://news.cnet.com/8301-1001_3-10419387-92.html
  32. ^ http://www.engadget.com/2009/12/18/asus-eee-pc-1005p-pe-with-atom-n450-and-12-5-hour-battery-breaks/
  33. ^ http://www.pinoywebsurfer.com/2009/12/new-intel-atom-n450-not-much.html
  34. ^ AnandTech review of the ASUS Eee PC 1005PE
  35. ^ [4]
  36. ^ [5]
  37. ^ [6]
  38. ^ http://ark.intel.com/system.aspx?groupID=36331&configID=27616&chipsetID=36550
  39. ^ http://ark.intel.com/cpu.aspx?groupId=36331
  40. ^ http://ark.intel.com/chipset.aspx?familyID=35553
  41. ^ http://ark.intel.com/product.aspx?id=27680
  42. ^ slstrohm (03-Dec-07). "System Controller Hub US15W for Embedded Computing". Intel. http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/embedded/SCHUS15W/index.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-06. 
  43. ^ http://www.engadget.com/2009/05/20/intel-details-next-generation-atom-platform-say-hello-to-pine-t/
  44. ^ http://www.hardocp.com/news/2009/12/04/vendors_launching_atom_n450_netbooks_soon/
  45. ^ Shilov, Anton (2008-04-01). "Intel Atom Processors Set to Get Embedded Graphics Core, Memory Controller – Rumours". X-bit Labs. http://www.xbitlabs.com/news/cpu/display/20080401081059_Intel_Atom_Processors_Set_to_Get_Embedded_Graphics_Core_Rumours.html. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  46. ^ [7]
  47. ^ Intel Expands Atom Processor Line-up for Netbooks
  48. ^ Intel Graphics Features
  49. ^ http://techreport.com/discussions.x/18136
  50. ^ http://gadgethobby.com/intel-cedar-trail-doubles-the-speed/
  51. ^ TSMC To Build Intel's Atom-Based Chips "TSMC To Build Intel's Atom-Based Chips". Forbes. 2009-03-02. http://www.forbes.com/2009/03/02/intel-tsmc-atom-technology_atom.html TSMC To Build Intel's Atom-Based Chips. Retrieved 2009-03-03. 
  52. ^ http://www.tweaktown.com/articles/1540/intel_atom_vs_via_nano_platform_comparo/index.html
  53. ^ http://enthusiast.hardocp.com/article/2008/07/29/intel_atom_vsvia_nano
  54. ^ http://www.trustedreviews.com/cpu-memory/review/2008/08/15/VIA-Nano-vs-Intel-Atom/p1
  55. ^ http://www.mydigitallife.info/2008/07/31/via-nano-outperforms-intel-atom-in-actual-industry-performance-benchmarking-tests/
  56. ^ http://www.mydigitallife.info/2008/03/08/intel-atom-initial-benchmarking-data-vs-pentium-and-celeron-m-processors-before-official-release/
  57. ^ http://www.eeejournal.com/2008/05/eee-pc-vs-msi-wind-atom-vs-celeron-cpu.html
  58. ^ http://en.hardspell.com/doc/showcont.asp?news_id=4128
  59. ^ Analysis: The real scoop on Atom-ARM rivalry

Press

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External links



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