The Full Wiki

Intelligence: Wikis

  
  
  
  

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Intelligence

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

.For "active intelligence" and its collection, see Intelligence (information gathering) and Espionage.^ Computer network exploitation is the intelligence collection and enabling operations to gather data from adversary automated information systems (AIS) or networks.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ This method, based on collective intelligence, peer review and functional evolution, has rippled through the world of Information Technology.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ A Uniform Interface for Active and Intelligent Information Access and Discovery .
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

For other uses, see Intelligence (disambiguation).
"Intellect" redirects here. For other uses, see Intellect (disambiguation).
"Human intelligence" redirects here. For human intelligence (HUMINT) in military and espionage contexts, see HUMINT.
.Intelligence is an umbrella term describing a property of the mind comprehending related abilities, such as the capacities for abstract thought, reasoning, planning, problem solving, speech, and learning.^ Learn how HP listens to customers, & how we help solve business and IT problems with the HP BladeSystem c3000 and c7000.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ But whenever you think such a thought concerning Mind, remember that you blaspheme even the Father of Mind Himself.
  • CHURCH FATHERS: Life of St. Anthony (Athanasius) 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Phrased in either of these terms, the problem is impossible to solve.
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Theories of intelligence are two-fold: (i) the “single intelligence” based upon the unilinear construct of “general intelligence”, and (ii) the construct of multiple intelligences.^ The two faces of wisdom: Wisdom as a general theory of knowledge and judgment about excellence in mind and virtue vs. Human Development.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Education policymakers often go astray when they attempt to integrate multiple intelligences theory into schools, according to the originator of the theory, Howard Gardner, and his colleagues.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The Two Faces of Wisdom: Wisdom as a General Theory of Knowledge and Judgment About Excellence in Mind and Virtue vs. Wisdom as Everyday Realization in People and Products (2004) .
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

.Influenced by his cousin Charles Darwin, Francis Galton was the first scientist to propose a theory of general intelligence; that intelligence is a true, biologically-based mental faculty that can be studied by measuring a person’s reaction times to cognitive tasks.^ Tags: consumer insight Digital Intelligence Europe internet use time spent online Continue reading "Study reveals European web habits " » .

^ The results of Study 1 (N = 110) indicated that individuals high in need for cognition were less supportive of punitive measures than their...
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The present study produces a model of insight, as generated by a grounded theory analysis of interviews with individuals who have reported experiencing life-altering insights.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

Galton’s research in measuring the head sizes of British scientists and laymen led to the conclusion that head-size is unrelated to a person’s intelligence.
Alfred Binet, and the French school of intelligence, believed intelligence was a median average of dissimilar abilities, not a unitary entity with specific, identifiable properties. .Therefore, theorists of general intelligence and of multiple intelligence, use the Stanford-Binet test in measuring intelligence.^ Presents information on the measurement and signatures intelligence (MASINT) concept of operation (CONOP) used in the U.S. Army.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ ISSN 1936-4733 By Adrian Furnham In all, 187 participants completed a new, self-report measure of eight multiple intelligences (Haselbauer 2005), a General Knowledge test (Irwing et al.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Read more> > Sep 01 2009, 12:00 AM Type:NotMine 9/1/2009The Validity of a New, Self-report Measure of Multiple Intelligence .
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

Contents

Definitions

.Intelligence derives from the Latin verb intelligere (“to understand”, “to choose between”);[1] per that rationale, “understanding” (intelligence) is different from being “smart” (capable of adapting to the environment).^ Everyone with a technical education (as Wisdom and you seem to have) understands the basic laws of physics and the difference between peak fossil fuel and "peak energy".
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Solid State Technology for enterprise Explore the use of solid state technology in the enterprise environment, and gain an understanding on where HP's thought leadership classifies the different solid state storage solutions.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ The second assumption being made is that the correlation between per-capita energy use and population is causal and necissary.
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Scientists have proposed two major “consensus” definitions of intelligence:
(i) from Mainstream Science on Intelligence (1994), a report by fifty-two researchers:
.
A very general mental capability that, among other things, involves the ability to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend complex ideas, learn quickly and learn from experience.^ So the soil in the northern latitudes may not be very good for growing large quantities of cereals, vegetables and other things.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Learn how HP listens to customers, & how we help solve business and IT problems with the HP BladeSystem c3000 and c7000.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Read more> > Dec 01 2009, 12:00 AM Type:NotMine 12/1/2009Imagination, Concentration, and Generalization: Peirce on the Reasoning Abilities of the Mathematician .
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

.It is not merely book learning, a narrow academic skill, or test-taking smarts.^ HP Study Guides, for those who appreciate a more text book approach to learning a new skill.
  • Best HP Certification Exams 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.exam-builder.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Pick up a book you’ve always wanted to read or learn a new skill.

^ Other useful skills come from being in the "trenches" at all levels, learning "street smarts" from experience.
  • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Rather, it reflects a broader and deeper capability for comprehending our surroundings — “catching on”, “making sense” of things, or “figuring out” what to do.^ Yeah, “masking the effects” does make sense and does point better to things to come.
  • Six steps to “getting” the global ecological crisis « Growth is Madness! 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC growthmadness.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For this reason, it may make sense to convert our overall energy consumption to equivalent power units.
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And how do we use our wisdom to determine who needs to be involved in making those deeper decisions (as well as the simpler ones) .
  • January 2002 Wisdom Society Survey Results 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.co-intelligence.org [Source type: Original source]

[2]
(ii) from Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns (1995), a report published by the Board of Scientific Affairs of the American Psychological Association:
.
Individuals differ from one another in their ability to understand complex ideas, to adapt effectively to the environment, to learn from experience, to engage in various forms of reasoning, [and] to overcome obstacles by taking thought.^ They are different from one another.
  • January 2002 Wisdom Society Survey Results 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.co-intelligence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Read more> > Jan 01 2003, 12:00 AM Type:NotMine 1/1/2003Innovation and Social Learning: Individual Variation and Brain Evolution .
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ It occurred to me recently that that is one reason I think too much is made of the human ability to increase carrying capacity.
  • Six steps to “getting” the global ecological crisis « Growth is Madness! 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC growthmadness.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although these individual differences can be substantial, they are never entirely consistent: a given person’s intellectual performance will vary on different occasions, in different domains, as judged by different criteria.^ Although these individual differences can be substantial, they are never entirely consistent: a given person's intellectual performance will vary on different occasions, in different domains, as judged by different criteria.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of course, these are personal matters and only an individual's conscience can compel him or her toward the path of sustainability.
  • Carrying Capacity -- Environmental Protection 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC eponline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This required the evolution of an entirely different type of genetic regulation because genes had to operate differently depending on which segment they might be in.
  • Life on Earth 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC www.palaeos.com [Source type: Original source]

.Concepts of “intelligence” are attempts to clarify and organize this complex set of phenomena.^ An attempt is made here to give a firm and unambiguous definition to the concept of sustainability and to translate the definition into a series of laws and hypotheses which, it is hoped, will clarify the implications of the use of the concept of sustainability.
  • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although considerable clarity has been achieved in some areas, no such conceptualization has yet answered all the important questions, and none commands universal assent.^ All these questions are not answered.
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of course, there is no way to *convince* ALL of humanity to join such a...not mass suicide, but conscious species reduction.
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But when the other declined on account of his great age, and because as yet there was no such custom, Antony himself set off immediately to the mountain.
  • CHURCH FATHERS: Life of St. Anthony (Athanasius) 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.Indeed, when two dozen prominent theorists were recently asked to define intelligence, they gave two dozen, somewhat different, definitions.^ And those who were wounded before, gave thanks, because they were no longer being wounded, and because they had petitioned for this gift, that there would be this difference.
  • Wisdom - Latin English Study Bible 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.sacredbible.org [Source type: Original source]

[3][4]

Moreover, besides the foregoing organisational definitions, these psychology and learning researchers also have defined intelligence as:
Researcher Quotation
Alfred Binet Judgment, otherwise called “good sense”, “practical sense”, “initiative”, the faculty of adapting one’s self to circumstances . . . auto-critique.[5]
David Wechsler The aggregate or global capacity of the individual to act purposefully, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with his environment.[6]
Cyril Burt Innate general cognitive ability[7]
Howard Gardner To my mind, a human intellectual competence must entail a set of skills of problem solving — enabling the individual to resolve genuine problems or difficulties that he or she encounters and, when appropriate, to create an effective product — and must also entail the potential for finding or creating problems — and thereby laying the groundwork for the acquisition of new knowledge.[8]
Linda Gottfredson The ability to deal with cognitive complexity.[9]
Sternberg & Salter Goal-directed adaptive behavior.[10]
Reuven Feuerstein The theory of Structural Cognitive Modifiability describes intelligence as “the unique propensity of human beings to change or modify the structure of their cognitive functioning to adapt to the changing demands of a life situation.” [11]
.
Practical application — Furthermore, in clinical and therapeutic practice, such theoretic and academic definitions of intelligence might not apply to patients with borderline intellectual and adaptive functioning, whose treatments require comprehensive analysis of every diagnostic, testing, educational placement, and psychosocial factor.
^ Many members of the academic research and education programs that focus on sustainability issues such as air pollution, global warming, etc.
  • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Regarding the application of industrial fertilizer per Seismobob: industrial farming practices waste most of the fertilizer that they apply.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thought for Application and Application with Thought: Issues in Theoretical Thinking and Practical Wisdom: Advances in Health Sciences Education Vol 10(2) Jun 2005, 115-123.

The eighth (2005) and ninth (2009) editions of the Kaplan & Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, by Frank John Ninivaggi, MD, address these matters.

Theories of intelligence

A popular theory of intelligence is based on psychometric testing, i.e. intelligence quotient (IQ) tests;[citation needed] however, researchers’ dissatisfaction with traditional IQ tests prompted their developing alternative theories of intelligence suggesting that intelligence results from independent capabilities that uniquely contribute to human intellectual performance.

Psychometric approach

.Despite the variety of concepts of intelligence, the approach to understanding intelligence with the most supporters and published research over the longest period of time is based on psychometrics testing.^ It is one of the most rigorous intelligence tests of all time.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The BCC is the number of deer a given parcel can support in good physical condition over an extended period of time without adversely impacting the habitat.
  • Realtree: Community: What is Carrying Capacity? 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.realtree.com [Source type: General]

^ Yesterday the New York Times published a great article about collective intelligence, "You’re Leaving a Digital Trail.
  • Intelligence - Evolving Collective Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.communicationagents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Such intelligence quotient (IQ) tests include the Stanford-Binet, Raven's Progressive Matrices, the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children.^ Intelligence Quotient (IQ) is the score you get on an intelligence test.
  • Intelligence and IQ 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Wechsler developed a similar test for adults called the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale [4].
  • The Science Creative Quarterly » THE GENETIC BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.scq.ubc.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ The adults then took an IQ test.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Charles Spearman is generally credited with discovering general intelligence, which he reported in his 1904 American Journal of Psychology article titled "General Intelligence," Objectively Determined and Measured.^ The title of the article: Intelligence Agent .

^ American Journal of psychology.
  • The Science Creative Quarterly » THE GENETIC BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.scq.ubc.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ General intelligence objectively determined and measured.
  • The Science Creative Quarterly » THE GENETIC BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.scq.ubc.ca [Source type: Academic]

[12][13][14] .Based on the results of a series of studies collected in Hampshire, England, Spearman concluded that there was a common function (or group of functions) across intellectual activities including what he called intelligence (i.e., school rank, which Spearman thought of as “present efficiency” in school courses; the difference between school rank and age, which was conceptualized as “native capacity;” teacher ratings; and peer ratings provided by the two oldest students, which was termed “common sense”) and sensory discriminations (i.e., discrimination of pitch, brightness, and weight).^ There's a world of difference between these two points of view.

^ They know danger and risk, including the difference between the two.
  • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, there were no significant differences based on ethnic or racial group.
  • Emotional Intelligence: What it is and Why it Matters 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.eiconsortium.org [Source type: Academic]

.This common function became known as “g” or general intelligence.^ This is based on the assumption that main cortical function is cognition, which can be reduced to recursive generalization: comparison-projection steps (for more on that see my Intelligence knol).

.To objectively determine and measure general intelligence, Spearman invented the first technique of factor analysis (the method of Tetrad Differences) as a mathematical proof of the Two-Factor Theory.^ Nonintellective factors in general intelligence.
  • Emotional Intelligence: What it is and Why it Matters 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.eiconsortium.org [Source type: Academic]

^ General intelligence objectively determined and measured.
  • The Science Creative Quarterly » THE GENETIC BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.scq.ubc.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ If intelligence was to be measured, thought some, it must first be defined .
  • Intelligence Quotient@Everything2.com 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12][13][15] .The factor analytic results indicated that every variable measured a common function to varying degrees, which led Spearman to develop the somewhat misleadingly named Two-Factor Theory of Intelligence.^ Intelligence varies with at least 21 factors .
  • Nature vs Nurture in Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.wilderdom.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The two faces of wisdom: Wisdom as a general theory of knowledge and judgment about excellence in mind and virtue vs. Human Development.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Robert Sternberg's (1985) triarchic theory proposes three fundamental aspects of intelligence-analytic, creative, and practical--of which only the first is measured to any significant extent by mainstream tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12][15][16] .The Two-Factor Theory of Intelligence holds that every test can be divided into a “g” factor and an “s” factor.^ From time to time certain changes take place in the nucleus and body of the cell, which divides into two, part of the nucleus, reconstituted into a new nucleus, remaining with one section of the cell, and part with the other.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Life 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The well-written book is divided into two parts.
  • Amazon.com: The Wisdom of Crowds: Why the Many Are Smarter Than the Few and How Collective Wisdom Shapes Business, Economies, Societies and Nations (9780385503860): James Surowiecki: Books 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Robert Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence divides intellect into three different facets or sub-theories: componential, experential, and contextual.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The g-factor measures the “general” factor or common function among ability tests.^ Harry Harlow pioneered methods of evaluating "learning set" ability -- the ability to form and use a rule -- across species using his Wisconsin General Testing Apparatus (WGTA).
  • intelligence-99 perspectives 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC pubpages.unh.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But there is also an opposite direction of causation: individuals may come to be in one environment or another because of differences in their own abilities, including the abilities measured by intelligence tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In general, intelligence tests measure only some of the many personal characteristics that are relevant to life in contemporary America.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The s-factor measures the “specific” factor unique to a particular ability test.^ But there is also an opposite direction of causation: individuals may come to be in one environment or another because of differences in their own abilities, including the abilities measured by intelligence tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We then focus on intelligence, as measured by conventional IQ tests or other tests intended to measure general cognitive ability.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of the most widely used tests are not intended to measure intelligence itself but some closely related construct: scholastic aptitude, school achievement, specific abilities, etc.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Based on a more modern interpretation of his work, Spearman’s g factor represents the fact that any set of cognitive ability tests, no matter how different, tend to all correlate positively.^ In fact, no such test exists.
  • Intelligence and IQ 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ IT WORKED, no more moaning.
  • Caregiver.com - Sharing Wisdom - Caregivers Ideas 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.caregiver.com [Source type: General]

^ The fact is that we are all intelligent in different ways.
  • multiple intelligences - howard gardners multiple intelligences theory - visual auditory kinesthetic learnings styles VAK model 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.businessballs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.L. L. Thurstone extended and generalized Spearman’s method of factor analysis into what is called the Centroid method and which became the basis for modern factor analysis.^ Some theorists (e.g., Spearman, 1927) have emphasized the importance of a general factor, g, which represents what all the tests have in common; others (e.g., Thurstone, 1938) focus on more specific group factors such as memory, verbal comprehension, or number facility.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Charles Spearman called this the general intelligence factor, or "g" for short, and it has been adopted by the scientific community.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gould is an expert in factor analysis (which was the basis of his Ph.D. thesis) and explains that as lucidly as any author on the subject of intelligence.
  • Books on IQ Tests and Human Intelligence (Learn in Freedom) 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC learninfreedom.org [Source type: Academic]

[16][17] .Thustone demonstrated that Spearman’s one common factor method (Spearman’s method yielded only a single factor) was a special case of his multiple factor analysis.^ Viewed from this perspective, psychometric intelligence appears as only one of a great many factors that influence social outcomes.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As we shall see in Section 2, one common view today envisages something like a hierarchy of factors with g at the apex.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Here, then, was a dramatic example of how competition among members of one species for a finite resource — in this case, food — caused a sharp drop in population.
  • Checks on Population Growth 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thurstone’s research lead him to propose a model of intelligence that included seven orthogonal (unrelated) factors (i.e., verbal comprehension, word fluency, number facility, spatial visualization, associative memory, perceptual speed and reasoning) referred to as the Primary Mental Abilities.^ We have a range of intelligences including numerical, musical, spatial, emotional, verbal and kinaesthetic intelligences, yet it is verbal intelligence that we depend on most.
  • Stepcase Lifehack : Productivity, Getting Things Done and Lifehacks Blog 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC www.lifehack.org [Source type: General]

^ The indices are based on models that incorporate a number of variables, including age structure of the population, income, race, sex, and population density, as well as other explanatory variables.
  • Recreational Use & Boat Carrying Capacity Assessment -Duke Energy 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.duke-energy.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The explanation and understanding of Gardner's Seven Intelligences can be further illuminated and illustrated by looking at another classical intelligence and learning styles model, known as the Visual-Auditory-Kinesthetic (or Kinaesthetic - either is correct) learning styles model or 'inventory', usually abbreviated to VAK. Alternatively the model is referred to as Visual-Auditory-Physical, or Visual-Auditory-Tactile/Kinesthetic.
  • multiple intelligences - howard gardners multiple intelligences theory - visual auditory kinesthetic learnings styles VAK model 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.businessballs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16][18]
.In a critical review of the adult testing literature, Raymond B. Cattell found that a considerable percentage of intelligence tests that purported to measure adult intellectual functioning had all of the trappings of using college students in their development.^ The measurement and appraisal of adult intelligence .
  • Emotional Intelligence: What it is and Why it Matters 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.eiconsortium.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Wechsler developed a similar test for adults called the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale [4].
  • The Science Creative Quarterly » THE GENETIC BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.scq.ubc.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ IQ testing is a widely used measure of g.
  • The Science Creative Quarterly » THE GENETIC BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.scq.ubc.ca [Source type: Academic]

[19] .To account for differences between children/adolescents and adults, which past theory did not address, Cattell proposed two types of cognitive abilities in a revision of Spearman’s concept of general intelligence.^ This general account is designed to fit different particular conceptions of wisdom.

^ General intelligence equal between sexes.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ General Memory and Knowledge Broad Visual Perception Broad Auditory Perception Broad Retrieval Ability Broad Cognitive Speediness Processing Speed Stratum two breaks down into 69 specific tasks.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Fluid intelligence (Gf) was hypothesized as the ability to discriminate and perceive relations (e.g., analogical and syllogistic reasoning), and crystallized intelligence (Gc) was hypothesized as the ability to discriminate relations that had been established originally through Gf, but no longer required the identification of the relation (commonly assessed using information or vocabulary tests).^ This method has been used in intelligence related studies.
  • The Science Creative Quarterly » THE GENETIC BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.scq.ubc.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Fluid%2 0Intelligence crystallized intelligence.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Using intelligence tests .
  • Intelligence and IQ 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In addition, fluid intelligence was hypothesized to increase until adolescence and then to slowly decline, and crystallized intelligence increases gradually and stays relatively stable across most of adulthood until it declines in late adulthood.^ Fluid%2 0Intelligence crystallized intelligence.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Results indicate that crystallized intelligence stays high throughout early and middle adulthood, while fluid intelligence declines steadily over adulthood beginning around the age of 40.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So, both the growth of entropy & that of reproductive fitness represent increasing stability over time & homogeneity across space.

With his student John L. Horn, Cattell indicated that Gf and Gc were only two among several factors manifest in intelligence tests scores under the umbrella of what became known as Gf/Gc Theory.[20] .General visualization (Gv; visual acuity, depth perception), general fluency (F, facility in recalling words), general speediness (Gs; performance on speeded, simple tasks) were among several cognitive ability factors added to Gf/Gc Theory.^ General Memory and Knowledge Broad Visual Perception Broad Auditory Perception Broad Retrieval Ability Broad Cognitive Speediness Processing Speed Stratum two breaks down into 69 specific tasks.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There remains a lack of scientific precision for the definition of intelligence, although many scientists use the psychometric definition, g (general cognitive ability).
  • The Science Creative Quarterly » THE GENETIC BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.scq.ubc.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ One layer is devoted to the current task at hand (specific factor, or "s") while the g factor, a higher layer, affects how well we perform on those tasks.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.J. P. Guilford sought to more fully explore the scope of the adult intellect by providing the concept of intelligence with a strong, comprehensive theoretical backing.^ Well, I’m not all that interested in getting a hearing; I was more interested in hearing artificial intelligence conceptions of intelligence.
  • The Singularity Institute Blog : Blog Archive : What is Intelligence? 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.singinst.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A leader needs to have intellect, vision, and certainly street smarts or common sense, but more importantly a leader also needs emotional intelligence and an understanding of his people.
  • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although wisdom is thought to be a strong predictor for many attributes of aging well, the concept of wisdom still lacks a comprehensive, directly testable scale.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

[21][22] The Structure-of-Intellect model (SI model) was designed as a cross classification system with intersections in the model providing the basis for abilities similar to Mendeleev’s periodic table in chemistry. .The three-dimensional cube—shaped model includes five content categories (the way in which information is presented on a test; visual, auditory, symbolic, semantic, and behavioral), six operation categories (what is done on a test; evaluation, convergent production, divergent production, memory retention, memory recording, and cognition), and six product categories (the form in which information is processed on a test; units, classes, relations, systems, transformations, and implications).^ This model also includes an integrated duplexing unit.

^ The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) gives out annually statistics of agricultural production, in particular related to the main crops that are important for the survival of mankind.
  • 8. Global environment and population carrying capacity 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.unu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Refurbished business products summary of site-wide JavaScript functionality Jump to content United States-English HP.com home HP Business Outlet .
  • Refurbished business products 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h71016.www7.hp.com [Source type: General]

.The intersection of three categories provides a frame of reference for generating one or more new hypothetical factors of intelligence.^ Nonintellective factors in general intelligence.
  • Emotional Intelligence: What it is and Why it Matters 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.eiconsortium.org [Source type: Academic]

^ New Generating Capacity Map ( reference ) .

^ Anyone seeking to generate more effective groups, organizations, institutions, healthy communities and sustainable societies soon discovers that individual intelligence is an insufficient factor in their success.

.John B. Carroll re-analyzed 461 datasets in the single most comprehensive study of cognitive abilities.^ What they discovered from the longitudinal part of the study was that cognitive ability stayed high up until around age 60, when it would then start to decline.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Includes on pages 5-23 the thought-provoking article Carroll, John B. (1998) Human Cognitive Abilities: A Critique.
  • Books on IQ Tests and Human Intelligence (Learn in Freedom) 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC learninfreedom.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Overall, though, it is clear that to be in the "Executive Club," intelligence and cognitive ability is the most critical requirement.
  • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14][23] .This analysis led him to propose the Three Stratum Theory, which is a hierarchical model of intellectual functioning.^ The present study produces a model of insight, as generated by a grounded theory analysis of interviews with individuals who have reported experiencing life-altering insights.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

.The stratums represent three different levels of generality over the domain of cognitive abilities.^ General Memory and Knowledge Broad Visual Perception Broad Auditory Perception Broad Retrieval Ability Broad Cognitive Speediness Processing Speed Stratum two breaks down into 69 specific tasks.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There remains a lack of scientific precision for the definition of intelligence, although many scientists use the psychometric definition, g (general cognitive ability).
  • The Science Creative Quarterly » THE GENETIC BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.scq.ubc.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ But because of the asymmetry ("lateralization") in humans, the transfer of data between hemispheres will likely be between different levels of generality.

At the bottom is the first stratum, which is represented by narrow abilities that are highly specialized (e.g., induction, spelling ability). The second stratum is represented by broad abilities that include moderate specializations in various domains. .Carroll identified eight second-stratum factors: fluid intelligence, crystallized intelligence, general memory and learning, broad visual perception, broad auditory perception, broad retrieval ability, broad cognitive speediness, and processing speed (reaction time decision speed).^ Nonintellective factors in general intelligence.
  • Emotional Intelligence: What it is and Why it Matters 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.eiconsortium.org [Source type: Academic]

^ General Memory and Knowledge Broad Visual Perception Broad Auditory Perception Broad Retrieval Ability Broad Cognitive Speediness Processing Speed Stratum two breaks down into 69 specific tasks.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fluid%2 0Intelligence crystallized intelligence.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Carroll has noted the similarity of his second stratum abilities and the Gf/Gc factors, although the Three-Stratum Theory does not incorporate the developmental trajectories associated with Gf/Gc Theory.^ In stratum two there are eight factors: Fluid Intelligence (g f ) - This is the innate ability we have to solve problems, understand information, think abstractly, and make sense of the world.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Similar to the above distinction, this terminology arises in developmental studies concerned with the origins of "modular" abilities, i.e.
  • intelligence-99 perspectives 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC pubpages.unh.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The three stratum model is composed of a three-level hierarchy of factors.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Carroll accepted Spearman’s concept of general intelligence, for the most part, as a representation of the uppermost third stratum.^ Intelligence is the general apparatus that governs one's adaption to one's environment by generating structures (schemes, concepts) in interaction with that environment.
  • intelligence-99 perspectives 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC pubpages.unh.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Charles Spearman called this the general intelligence factor, or "g" for short, and it has been adopted by the scientific community.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The three stratum model was proposed by John Carroll, a psychologist who believed that Spearman's theory of intelligence was not complete.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.More recently, an amalgamation the Gf-Gc theory of Cattell and Horn with Carroll's Three-Stratum theory has led to the Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory of cognitive abilities.^ Traditional theories of moral psychology emphasize reasoning and "higher cognition," while more recent work emphasizes the role of emotion.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Abstract: Traditional theories of moral development emphasize the role of controlled cognition in mature moral judgment, while a more recent trend emphasizes intuitive and emotional processes.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

[24] .CHC researchers have produced numerous studies that have influenced diagnostic issues and test development.^ However, Jensen pointed to an issue that brought strong criticism to genetic research on intelligence, leading to a generation of bigger behavioral genetic studies.
  • The Science Creative Quarterly » THE GENETIC BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.scq.ubc.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ CNAPS conducts research, analysis, and outreach designed to enhance policy development and understanding on the pressing political, economic, and security issues facing Northeast Asia.
  • Intelligence - Brookings Institution 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.brookings.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another wisdom researcher, sociologist Monika Ardelt, has developed a "Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale" , a test that individuals can take for a numerical assessment of their wisdom on a scale of one to five.

[25]
.Intelligence, as measured by IQ and other aptitude tests, is widely used in educational, business, and military settings due to its efficacy in predicting behavior.^ IQ testing is a widely used measure of g.
  • The Science Creative Quarterly » THE GENETIC BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.scq.ubc.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ This is the intelligence most used to succeed on things like the IQ test.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To test moral foundations theory (Haidt & Joseph, 2004; Haidt & Graham, 2007), we developed several ways to measure people’s use of five sets of moral intuitions: Harm/care, Fairness...
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

.g is highly correlated with many important social outcomes - individuals with low IQs are more likely to be divorced, have a child out of marriage, be incarcerated, and need long term welfare support, while individuals with high IQs are associated with more years of education, higher status jobs and higher income.^ Not only higher forms of life but also many of the smallest insects are social beings who, without any religion, law, or education, survive by mutual cooperation based on an innate recognition of their interconnectedness.

^ Having a higher IQ seems to raise a person's self-confidence and feelings of competence, since poor children of all ethnicities with a high IQ will be more likely to get good grades, graduate high school, and go to college than those with lower IQ's.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Health notes mark, oakpark: Somebody mentioned Currently, a 60-year-old likely would pay five or six times more for private...
  • Life commentary, blogs, columns, podcasts and public comments | NewsOK.com 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC www.newsok.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .Intelligence is significantly correlated with successful training and performance outcomes, and g is the single best predictor of successful job performance.^ Both Goleman and Mayer, Salovey, & Caruso have argued that by itself emotional intelligence probably is not a strong predictor of job performance.
  • Emotional Intelligence: What it is and Why it Matters 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.eiconsortium.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The emotional quotient (EQ) accounts for 80 percent of job performance and predicts success over any other skill, including IQ and technical expertise.
  • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sometimes 19 scores are described as the 'best available predictor" of that performance.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27]

Controversies

.IQ tests were originally designed to identify mentally "defective" children.^ This test was created to allow educational institutions to identify children who might need special education because of retarded mental development.
  • Intelligence Quotient@Everything2.com 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He suggests that children experience a much richer visual environment than in the past and that this assists them with visual puzzles of the kind that dominate IQ tests.
  • Nature vs Nurture in Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.wilderdom.com [Source type: Academic]

^ IW knows how to develop scripted test scenarios that simulate the end-user experience and identify gaps between requirements and final designs.
  • Industrial Wisdom: consultants in website and application design, build, and management 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC industrialwisdom.com [Source type: General]

[28] The inventors of the .IQ did not necessarily believe they were measuring fixed intelligence.^ Second, capacity is not necessarily fixed, and consequently, a single measure of capacity at any layer may in fact provide a skewed picture (either optimistic or pessimistic) of what is actually available.
  • RFC 5136 - Defining Network Capacity 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC tools.ietf.org [Source type: Reference]

^ We then focus on intelligence, as measured by conventional IQ tests or other tests intended to measure general cognitive ability.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The whole notion of an IQ test is fundamentally flawed - 'Intelligence' is defined as 'what this test measures' and then in classic circular reasoning this is used as a proof that the test measures intelligence.
  • Intelligence Quotient@Everything2.com 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.January 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Despite this, critics argue that intelligence tests have been used to support nativistic theories which view intelligence as a qualitative object with a relatively fixed quantity.^ Challenges the tactics, techniques, procedures and conventional wisdom on the doctrinal use of Headquarters and Headquarters Operations Company and its logistical support to intelligence operations.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ In this view, wise people help others appreciate the fundamental interconnectedness of life [ citation needed ] .

^ Our theoretical understanding of individual differences can be used as a tool to test and refine theory.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

[29]
.Critics of the psychometrics point out that intelligence is often more complex and broader in conception than what is measured by IQ tests.^ Psychometric intelligence is a case in point.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Testing for competence rather than intelligence.
  • Emotional Intelligence: What it is and Why it Matters 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.eiconsortium.org [Source type: Academic]

^ IQ testing is a widely used measure of g.
  • The Science Creative Quarterly » THE GENETIC BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.scq.ubc.ca [Source type: Academic]

.Furthermore, skeptics argue that even though tests of mental abilities are correlated, people still have unique strengths and weaknesses in specific areas.^ Laboratory rats in a confined area soon reach a stable population size even though abundant food is available.
  • Checks on Population Growth 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ People with this knowledge will capitalize on strengths to compensate for any weaknesses.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nevertheless, subtests measuring different abilities tend to be positively correlated: people who score high on one such subtest are likely to be above average on others as well.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Consequently they argue that psychometric theorists over-emphasize g, despite the fact that g was defined so as to encompass all inter-correlated capabilities and skills.^ Despite the fact that on the battlefield, triage doctors make these decisions all the time, about who makes it and who doesn't, based on the available resources.
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Researchers in the field of human intelligence have encountered a considerable amount of public concern and criticism — much more than scientists in other areas normally receive[citation needed].^ More than 85% of the public comments supported protection of the area.
  • Sustainability - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ People in the UK watched more TV and sent more texts than people in many other countries, but had slower broadband, according to new research.

^ We have struggled more than 20 years to reduce the amount of pollution flowing into the bay and we are still far from where we need to be.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A number of critics have challenged the relevance of psychometric intelligence in the context of everyday life.^ Development of FM 2-0; List of critical variables of the contemporary operational environment in context with the operational environment; Functions of the intelligence operations that constitute the intelligence process.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ As an expert on artificial intelligence, I say the X and Y game is the exact definition of intelligence, but that still leaves us the task of putting it into context in our everyday reality.
  • The Singularity Institute Blog : Blog Archive : What is Intelligence? 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.singinst.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In general, intelligence tests measure only some of the many personal characteristics that are relevant to life in contemporary America.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There have also been controversies over genetic factors in intelligence, particularly questions regarding the relationship between race and intelligence and sex and intelligence.^ General intelligence equal between sexes.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But I think it's important to understand the relationship between intelligence and wisdom, and particularly what seems to be the growing gap between them.
  • Is It Worth Being Wise? 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.paulgraham.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Evidence now seemed to support a closer link between social class and intelligence, rather than race and intelligence.
  • Nature vs Nurture in Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.wilderdom.com [Source type: Academic]

[30] .Another controversy in the field is how to interpret the increases in test scores that have occurred over time, the so-called Flynn effect.^ Pre-priced solution portfolio You choose how your solution is built, tested, integrated, shipped and deployed, which saves you time, money and resources.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ (Section I) What do intelligence test scores mean, what do they predict, and how well do they predict it?
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Note how, when you call yourself by another name, you feel differently.

.Stephen Jay Gould was one of the most vocal critics of intelligence testing.^ It is one of the most rigorous intelligence tests of all time.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But there is also an opposite direction of causation: individuals may come to be in one environment or another because of differences in their own abilities, including the abilities measured by intelligence tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Herrstein & Murray (1994), p.389 One justifiable criticism levelled at educational enrichment studies conclusions about increased IQ is that what is being modified is performance on a test rather than an actual modification in intelligence.
  • Nature vs Nurture in Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.wilderdom.com [Source type: Academic]

.In his book The Mismeasure of Man Gould argued that intelligence could not be quantified to a single numerical entity.^ He argued that if the machine could successfully pretend to be human to a knowledge able observer then you certainly should consider it intelligent.
  • What Is Artificial Intelligence? 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.kurzweilai.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In most genetic studies, researchers lump the different subcategories of intelligence into Intelligence Quotient (IQ), a single scale used to quantify intelligence.
  • The Science Creative Quarterly » THE GENETIC BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.scq.ubc.ca [Source type: Academic]

He also challenged the hereditarian viewpoint on intelligence. .Many of Gould's criticisms were aimed at Arthur Jensen, who responded that his work had been misrepresented.^ I’ll tell you, it’s nice to get something posted on TOD, but as one who feels compelled to defend his arguments against over-the-top criticisms, it’s a lot of work!
  • Six steps to “getting” the global ecological crisis « Growth is Madness! 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC growthmadness.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are too many people who get addicted to working out and are never really satisfied.
  • Body For Life - Fitness, Exercise, Motivation 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC foracause.com [Source type: General]

^ Understandably, many of those who planned to write for this issue found themselves too exhausted from working to do so.

[31] Gould also investigated the methods of nineteenth century craniometry. .Jensen stated that drawing conclusions from early intelligence research is like condemning the auto industry by criticizing the performance of the Model T.^ In Wisdom, Intelligence, and Creativity Synthesized Sternberg critically reviews and summarizes the best research available on human intelligence...
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ There will likely be a dip, possibly severe, as we transition to different energy sources but it is unlikely the world will revert to a pre-industrial state.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Rushton and Jensen, 2005, report in their paper "30 Years of Race Differences in Cognitive Ability", as published in Psychology, Public Policy and Law, that MRI studies of brain size correlates with intelligence.^ London's Petroleum Review published a study toward the end of 2004 concluding that in Indonesia, Gabon, and fifteen other oil-rich nations supplying about 30% of the world's daily crude, oil production is declining by 5% a year -- double the rate of decline a year prior to the report.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This paper assumes that half of all adult immigrants will naturalize after five years and 30% of the parents of these naturalized citizens will immigrate in the three years after their childrens naturalization.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to an official report published by British Petroleum late last year, we have about 30 years before we peak.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Adult Asians average 1 cubic inch more brain mass than Whites and Whites average 5 cubic inches more brain mass than Blacks.^ Industrialised nations use on average three times more resources than they should be allowed to.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ People in Aberdeen and Aberdeenshire are consuming more resources than the Scottish average.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yes, some of this will be more labor intensive than the average yuppie is used to.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They state that race differences in brain size are present at birth; and larger brains contain more neurons and synapses to process information faster.^ They may be motivated in this by their reluctance to accept the fact that immigration accounts for roughly half of the present growth of the population of the United States.
  • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New processes such as information generation and flow will have their turn at exponential growth before they plateau and seek a steady state.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Automation Clinic Automation is the science and art of making processes or machines self-monitoring, self-correcting and self-acting, enabling IT to respond faster, more efficiently and more effectively.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Multiple intelligences

.Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences is based on studies not only of normal children and adults but also by studies of gifted individuals (including so-called "savants"), of persons who have suffered brain damage, of experts and virtuosos, and of individuals from diverse cultures.^ Three open source data sources are examined: the World Wide Web, individual academic or on-scene experts, and fee-based data providers.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ But the end of the medical coverage worries those who still suffer from blindness, neurological damage, memory loss and muscular pain.
  • Sustainability - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reports on the need of the U.S. Central Intelligence agency for a person who will run the nation's intelligence efforts following the resignation of central intelligence director George Tenet.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

.This led Gardner to break intelligence down into at least eight different components: logical, linguistic, spatial, musical, kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal in 1983 and naturalist intelligences added in 1999 he argues that psychometric tests address only linguistic and logical plus some aspects of spatial intelligence; other forms have been entirely ignored.^ Nice job breaking down the 3 components re oil/ng to food.
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About the only thing that my father ever told me that I paid attention to (half joking) was to break your life into at least 3 different careeers.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has to be a part of the discussion and not ignored as some form of sacred taboo.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Moreover, the paper-and-pencil format of most tests rules out many kinds of intelligent performance that matter in everyday life, such as social intelligence.^ I agree with defenders of the social intelligence hypothesis in thinking that externalist models of hominin intelligence are not plausible: such models cannot explain the unique cognition and...
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ For though he was such a man , he observed the rule of the Church most rigidly, and was willing that all the clergy should be honoured above himself.
  • CHURCH FATHERS: Life of St. Anthony (Athanasius) 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mostly, such claims have turned out to be overstated as they they neglect the scope for societal adaptation through technological and social change.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32]
.Most theories of multiple intelligences are relatively recent in origin, though Louis Thurstone proposed a theory of multiple "primary abilities" in the early 20th Century.^ Intelligence, moreover, is all but absent in most contemporary international relations theory.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Most psychologists regard wisdom as distinct from the cognitive abilities measured by standardized intelligence tests.

^ Biologist E.O. Wilson, "one of the twentieth century's greatest thinkers," considers the Footprint to be one of the most significant recent ecological inventions because of its ability to communicate complex scientific information in relatively simple terms to explain the relationship between human consumption and the natural environment.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Further research is required into the reliability and validity of Gardner's multiple intelligences.^ He has been conducting his own research into human nutritional requirements and the Earth's carrying capacity which he now wants to share with The Oil Drum readership.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Read more> > Sep 01 2009, 12:00 AM Type:NotMine 9/1/2009The Validity of a New, Self-report Measure of Multiple Intelligence .
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Education policymakers often go astray when they attempt to integrate multiple intelligences theory into schools, according to the originator of the theory, Howard Gardner, and his colleagues.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

Triarchic Theory of Intelligence

.Robert Sternberg proposed the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence to provide a more comprehensive description of intellectual competence than traditional differential or cognitive theories of human ability.^ As more intelligence and intelligence related material than ever before enters the public domain, scholars of international relations must take into greater account study of the role of intelligence.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Affordability without compromise A BladeSystem is a cost-savvy, consolidated solution that is designed to save more money than a traditional infrastructure.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ "The food system consumes ten times more energy than it provides to society in food energy."
  • Sustainability - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33] .The Triarchic Theory describes three fundamental aspects of intelligence.^ Robert Sternberg's (1985) triarchic theory proposes three fundamental aspects of intelligence-analytic, creative, and practical--of which only the first is measured to any significant extent by mainstream tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fine overview of all aspects of intelligence theory, with a detailed account of how constructs regarding the nature of intelligence are validated.
  • Books on IQ Tests and Human Intelligence (Learn in Freedom) 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC learninfreedom.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Robert Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence divides intellect into three different facets or sub-theories: componential, experential, and contextual.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Analytic intelligence comprises the mental processes through which intelligence is expressed.^ This depends far less on structural reform than on the quality of collected intelligence, the nature of the analytic process and, ultimately, the relationship between intelligence and policymaking officials.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

.Creative intelligence is necessary when an individual is confronted with a challenge that is nearly, but not entirely, novel or when an individual is engaged in automatizing the performance of a task.^ It was that native intelligence or shrewdness by which man performed his tasks skillfully and well.

^ Individuals rarely perform equally well on all the different kinds of items included in a test of intelligence.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Experential - This is creative intelligence, or the ability one has to think abstractly and react to novel situations or unknown stimuli.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Practical intelligence is bound in a sociocultural milieu and involves adaptation to, selection of, and shaping of the environment to maximize fit in the context.^ Development of FM 2-0; List of critical variables of the contemporary operational environment in context with the operational environment; Functions of the intelligence operations that constitute the intelligence process.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ It is the ability to adapt to, shape, and select everyday environments.
  • Practical Intelligence - Brajeshwar 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC brajeshwar.com [Source type: General]

^ Reproduction increases core/environment differentiation by selectively maximizing internally differentiated genotype pattern, & by introducing externally differentiated adaptive phenotype on a macro-level.

.The Triarchic Theory does not argue against the validity of a general intelligence factor; instead, the theory posits that general intelligence is part of analytic intelligence, and only by considering all three aspects of intelligence can the full range of intellectual functioning be fully understood.^ Robert Sternberg's (1985) triarchic theory proposes three fundamental aspects of intelligence-analytic, creative, and practical--of which only the first is measured to any significant extent by mainstream tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is only justified to consider that decisions can be reduced to a cost/benefit analysis, if it is possible to quantify all the ‘values’ elements within the equation in monetary terms.

^ Having understood the intrinsic inadequacy of all conditioned things, his focal aspiration is only for deliverance from the ever-repeating round of births.
  • The Dhammapada: The Buddha's Path of Wisdom ( ) 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

.More recently, the Triarchic Theory has been updated and renamed the Theory of Successful Intelligence by Sternberg.^ Related Links: > > More on Collier County success > > More on HP BladeSystems > > More on HP ultra slim desktops HP BladeSystem update .
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Robert Sternberg's (1985) triarchic theory proposes three fundamental aspects of intelligence-analytic, creative, and practical--of which only the first is measured to any significant extent by mainstream tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sternberg believes that measurement of intelligence is important for real-world success.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[34][35] .Intelligence is defined as an individual’s assessment of success in life by the individual’s own (idiographic) standards and within the individual’s sociocultural context.^ But there is also an opposite direction of causation: individuals may come to be in one environment or another because of differences in their own abilities, including the abilities measured by intelligence tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As each individual recycles more of his or her own waste, success is undermined by the constantly increasing numbers of people who create waste.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Emotional intelligence and academic intelligence in career and life success.
  • Emotional Intelligence: What it is and Why it Matters 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.eiconsortium.org [Source type: Academic]

.Success is achieved by using combinations of analytical, creative, and practical intelligence.^ Robert Sternberg's (1985) triarchic theory proposes three fundamental aspects of intelligence-analytic, creative, and practical--of which only the first is measured to any significant extent by mainstream tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His investigations suggest the need for a balance between analytic intelligence, on the one hand, and creative and especially practical intelligence on the other.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most successful leaders are those who seem to be able to combine intellect with executive maturity, or emotional intelligence, to enable them to make the right decisions for the right contexts.
  • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The three aspects of intelligence are referred to as processing skills. .The processing skills are applied to the pursuit of success through what were the three elements of practical intelligence: adapting to, shaping of, and selecting of one’s environments.^ It is the ability to adapt to, shape, and select everyday environments.
  • Practical Intelligence - Brajeshwar 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC brajeshwar.com [Source type: General]

^ But there is also an opposite direction of causation: individuals may come to be in one environment or another because of differences in their own abilities, including the abilities measured by intelligence tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Practical Intelligence is the knowledge acquired doing everyday activities through various means.
  • Practical Intelligence - Brajeshwar 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC brajeshwar.com [Source type: General]

.The mechanisms that employ the processing skills to achieve success include utilizing one’s strengths and compensating or correcting for one’s weaknesses.^ People with this knowledge will capitalize on strengths to compensate for any weaknesses.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sternberg’s theories and research on intelligence remain contentious within the scientific community.^ Filed under: Competitive Intelligence , Cooperative Intelligence , communication , connection , cooperative , creativity , research .

^ One can say in reply that many scientific theories seem to remain workable in practice, in spite of clashing with E.S.P.; that in fact one can get along very nicely if one forgets about it.
  • computing machinery and intelligence - a.m. turing, 1950 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.abelard.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Reports ingenious experimental research that undercuts the theory of a single general intelligence.
  • Books on IQ Tests and Human Intelligence (Learn in Freedom) 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC learninfreedom.org [Source type: Academic]

[36][37][38][39]

Developmental approach

Jean Piaget [40] was the founder of the developmental approach to the study of intelligence. .According to his theory of cognitive development, intelligence is the basic mechanism of ensuring equilibrium in the relations between the person and the environment.^ Relations of homology between higher cognitive emotions and basic emotions (2009) .
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Provides information on the revised DRAG Draft of FM 2-0 which was developed to describe intelligence support to the commander within the new contemporary operational environment.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ The accounting of green GDP reflects the economic development and mutual influences between economic development and the environment from different angles.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is achieved through the actions of the developing person on the world.^ Wisdom is valued as an ideal aim of personal development around the world.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

.At any moment in development, the environment is assimilated in the schemes of action that are already available and these schemes are transformed or accommodated to the peculiarities of the objects of the environment, if they are not completely appropriate.^ Remember we need to keep these animals to have milk and when they get old its wise to eat them, because that is meat you get free when you already gave the expenses for milk.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Clients who had completed psychotherapy were interviewed about the significant experiences and moments they recalled within their sessions.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ By filling these gaps, a more thorough intelligence estimate is prepared, a more suitable course of action is developed, and a more efficient military operation is conducted.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

.Thus, the development of intelligence is a continuous process of assimilations and accommodations that lead to increasing expansion of the field of application of schemes, increasing coordination between them, increasing interiorization, and increasing abstraction.^ Dependence between the intensity of enemy radio communication traffic and the effectiveness of signals intelligence; Cause of signals intelligence; Increase in the number of radio stations and radio communication channels.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Real Stories Mark Tomlinson & Steve Feloney discuss the challenges of load testing Web 2.0 applications that have increased client processing & memory.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ As long as the region's population continues to grow, and we develop lands faster than needed to accommodate that growth, we make it more difficult to maintain the sustainability equation.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Piaget described four main periods or stages in the development towards completely equlibrated thought and problem solving.^ It comes first before all else or those hungry people will not allow any efforts towards solving the other problems to go forward.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Within our own country we have complete [Д♠] Parenting: Fatherhood (1) jurisdiction and responsibility, yet we fail to act to help solve our own problem.
  • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Within our own country we have complete jurisdiction and responsibility, yet we fail to act to help solve our own problem.
  • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the sensorimotor stage (0–2 years), thought is based on perceptions and external actions and their coordination. .In the preoperational stage, sensorimotor schemes are internalized and thought occurs mentally rather than externally, through the manipulation of representations and symbols that stand for sensorimotor schemes and objects.^ In Botswana, the government makes provision to ensure that mineral revenues are invested rather than consumed through government expenditures.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are kinds of growth that are growth in depth rather than breadth, but these tend to have more to do with ideas than objects.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

At the beginning, however, mental schemes are not coordinated. As a result, systematic logical reasoning is not possible (that, for example, A = C, if A = B and B = C). When mental schemes are coordinated, thinking enters the concrete operational stage. In this period, thinking is logical, but limited to the concrete aspects of the world. .That is, children can grasp several important aspects of the world, such as the conservation of number, matter, length, weight, volume, etc.^ We believed we had the right to expand our material possessions, our property and the number of children we brought into the world.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

despite external transformation. .Gradually, concrete operational schemes are coordinated with each other and cognitive development enters the final formal operational stage.^ Australians produce more carbon per capita than other Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development countries, with the exception of the US and Luxembourg.
  • Sustainability - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In this period reality is subsumed to possibilities and reasoning becomes formal. As a result, abstract scientific concepts such as the concept of inertia, energy, algebra, and proportinality can be grasped and scientific experiments can be designed. .All in all, for Piaget intelligence is not the same at different ages.^ Late post ,this, as I got lost on the freeway and mistakenly posted on Drumbeat yesterday, might as well have stayed lost, all the above amounts to is a slightly different view of the same dead body).
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It changes qualitatively, thereby allowing access to different levels of organization of the world. Researched showe that Piagetian intelligence is correlated but it is not identical with psychometric intelligence and IQ.[41]
.The neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development [42] advanced by Case, Demetriou, Halford, and Pascual-Leone, attempted to integrate Piaget's theory with cognitive and differential theories of cognitive organization and development.^ Erikson's theory of human development as it applies to the aged: Wisdom as contradictive cognition: Human Development Vol 18(1-2) 1975, 119-128.

^ Focus on ROI ROI Analyst for HP OpenView allows your organization to develop a business case that justifies both the expected business value and financial returns for HP OpenView solutions.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Abstract: Traditional theories of moral development emphasize the role of controlled cognition in mature moral judgment, while a more recent trend emphasizes intuitive and emotional processes.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

.Their aim was to better account for the cognitive factors of development and for intra-individual and inter-individual differences in cognitive development.^ The accounting of green GDP reflects the economic development and mutual influences between economic development and the environment from different angles.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They suggested that development along Piaget's stages is due to increasing processing efficiency which is defined in terms of speed of processing and working memory capacity.^ One would see political leaders using the term "sustainable" to describe their goals as they worked hard to create more jobs, to increase population, and to increase rates of consumption of energy and resources.
  • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By Sharon Rich, John McLaughlin Educators must adapt the institutions in which they work to ensure students' wisdom is developed.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ What are the highest possible states or stages of human development and how can they be realized?
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

.Moreover, Demetriou's theory ascribes an important role to hypercognitive processes of self-recording, self-monitoring, and self-regulation and it recognizes the operation of several relatively autonomous domains of thought.^ Abstract: Traditional theories of moral development emphasize the role of controlled cognition in mature moral judgment, while a more recent trend emphasizes intuitive and emotional processes.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Automation Clinic Automation is the science and art of making processes or machines self-monitoring, self-correcting and self-acting, enabling IT to respond faster, more efficiently and more effectively.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

Overall, this approach suggests that there indeed is a general intelligence factor. .This factor is geared on general processing efficiency functions that enable humans to represent and process information, that processing involves general inferential processes that are gradually constructed, and self-awareness and reflection are instrumental in this construction.^ New processes such as information generation and flow will have their turn at exponential growth before they plateau and seek a steady state.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The human brain is a magnificent instrument that has evolved over thousands of years to enable us to prosper in an impressive range of conditions.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Automation Clinic Automation is the science and art of making processes or machines self-monitoring, self-correcting and self-acting, enabling IT to respond faster, more efficiently and more effectively.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.The general understanding and problem solving ability associated with this factor changes qualititatively with age and this change is related to the succession of Piagetian stages.^ And mounting problems with disease - related to intensity and climate change.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Related Links: HP_Podcast_power_cooling_pt1.mp3 > > Enterprise podcast series > > More on power and cooling > > The Challenge > > Understanding the Problem Power and Cooling series .
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Wisdom-related knowledge: Age/cohort differences in response to life-planning problems: Developmental Psychology Vol 26(3) May 1990, 494-505.

.At the same time, individual differences in the state of the general efficiency factors may cause differences in the rate of intellectual development of different individuals and this differences may be reflected in psychometric measures of cognitive ability, such as the IQ tests.^ Said in other words: a) Population growth competes with and slows down the rate of improvement of the average standard of living and may cause the average standard of living to decline.
  • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Improvement in the agility of electronic surveillance systems in the United States; Netting radio and sensors; Development of next generation surface combatant.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Our theoretical understanding of individual differences can be used as a tool to test and refine theory.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

.Moreover differences between individuals may come from differences in their predispositions or facility related to different domains of knowledge and problem solving.^ Seeds of wisdom: Adolescents' knowledge and judgment about difficult life problems: Developmental Psychology Vol 37(3) May 2001, 351-361.

^ This question comes from the assumption that the decline in net births alone will not be enough to solve the problem (and the simulation bears this out).
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Photosmart Plus comes with a 125-sheet input tray and 20-sheet photo tray which engage automatically, so users can switch between different size and types of papers.

[43]

Emotional intelligence

.Daniel Goleman and several other researchers have developed the concept of emotional intelligence and claim it is at least as "important" as more traditional sorts of intelligence.^ People in the UK watched more TV and sent more texts than people in many other countries, but had slower broadband, according to new research.

^ Well, I’m not all that interested in getting a hearing; I was more interested in hearing artificial intelligence conceptions of intelligence.
  • The Singularity Institute Blog : Blog Archive : What is Intelligence? 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.singinst.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of course there’s all sorts of other material available; I’m just pointing out some more academic videos.
  • Nerd Wisdom 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC nerdwisdom.com [Source type: General]

.These theories grew from observations of human development and of brain injury victims who demonstrate an acute loss of a particular cognitive function — e.g.^ The two faces of wisdom: Wisdom as a general theory of knowledge and judgment about excellence in mind and virtue vs. Human Development.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Volume 32, Issue 1 Abstract: Human cognition requires coping with a complex and uncertain world.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Clayton's work caught the attention of Paul Baltes , who later founded the Berlin Wisdom Project at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin, Germany.

the ability to think numerically, or the ability to understand written language — without showing any loss in other cognitive areas.

PASS Theory

.PASS theory has been offered as an alternative to general intelligence, and is based on a description of neuropsychological processes.^ Reports ingenious experimental research that undercuts the theory of a single general intelligence.
  • Books on IQ Tests and Human Intelligence (Learn in Freedom) 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC learninfreedom.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Neither are alternative measures of intelligence, such as speed of processing, evoked potentials, or practical intelligence, etc.
  • Nature vs Nurture in Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.wilderdom.com [Source type: Academic]

^ HP ProCurve Switch 5400 Series The HP ProCurve 5400 Switch Series, the next generation intelligent modular switches, offer unprecedented adaptive intelligence, versatility & operational excellence that meets networking demands.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

[44][45][46] .These authors suggested that a unidimensional model with just intelligence fails to assist researchers and clinicians who study learning disabilities, disorders of attention, mental retardation, and interventions designed for special populations who face those challenges.^ HP Study Guides, for those who appreciate a more text book approach to learning a new skill.
  • Best HP Certification Exams 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.exam-builder.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Studies conducted by Professor Robert J. Sternberg and his team suggests that people who are academically good often fail to cope up with the problems in life whereas the opposite is true with people who are comparatively weak in academics.
  • Practical Intelligence - Brajeshwar 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC brajeshwar.com [Source type: General]

^ Collection edited by researchers employed by the publisher of the WISC-III on clinical uses of the WISC-III child IQ test, with articles by leading scholars on IQ testing about intelligence test interpretation, assessment of gifted children, assessment of mental retardation, assessment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, assessment of hearing-impaired and deaf children, assessment of minority and culturally diverse children, and other specialized topics.
  • Books on IQ Tests and Human Intelligence (Learn in Freedom) 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC learninfreedom.org [Source type: Academic]

.The PASS model covers four kinds of competencies that are associated with areas of the brain.^ Summary of problem areas associated with the predictive models discussed in the text .
  • Cage and Pen fish farming 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

.(1) The planning processes involve decision making, problem solving, and performing activities and requires goal setting and self-monitoring.^ Local governments incorporate citizen participation into planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation processes.
  • Sustainability - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Focuses on the intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) synchronization in relation to the military decision-making process at the maneuver battalion, task force and squadron level in the U.S. Purpose of ISR synchronization; Factors that contribute to the success of ISR planning; Information required for ISR assets to begin infiltration; Analytical materials needed in the military.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Change economics of business technology A tough economy requires tough decisions, and leaders can make the choice.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

(2) The attention/arousal component involves selectively attending to a particular stimulus, ignoring distractions, and maintaining vigilance. .(3) Simultaneous processing involves the integration of stimuli into a group and requires the observation of relationships.^ IWs Information Architects will translate UXD into an information management strategy that determines your technology requirements and shapes your data management processes.
  • Industrial Wisdom: consultants in website and application design, build, and management 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC industrialwisdom.com [Source type: General]

^ In essence, Wisdom is the vehicle we use for integrating our values into our decision-making processes.

^ Complex SAN environments Integrating seamlessly into existing backup applications and processes, these Virtual Library Systems (VLS) accelerate backups in complex SAN environments while improving reliability.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.(4) Successive processing involves the integration of stimuli into serial order.^ In essence, Wisdom is the vehicle we use for integrating our values into our decision-making processes.

^ Complex SAN environments Integrating seamlessly into existing backup applications and processes, these Virtual Library Systems (VLS) accelerate backups in complex SAN environments while improving reliability.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.The planning and attention/arousal components comes from structures located in the frontal lobe, and the simultaneous and successive processes come from structures located in the posterior region of the cortex.^ Project Background Raigarh region, located in Eastern part of Chattisgarh is industrially active and lot of industries has come up since the last decade.
  • EMTRC-Environment Monitoring Training & Research Centre 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC emtrc.com [Source type: Academic]

Empirical evidence

.IQ proponents have claimed that IQ's predictive validity has been demonstrated, for example in predicting non-academic outcomes such as job performance (see IQ), and that the various multiple intelligence theories have little or no such support.^ Once a collapse begins, we would see the other less predictable factors such as economic collapse, wars and pandemics entering the equation.
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Meanwhile, it has been claimed that the relevance and existence of multiple intelligences have not been borne out when tested. .A set of ability tests that do not correlate together would support the claim that multiple intelligences are independent of each other.^ But there is also an opposite direction of causation: individuals may come to be in one environment or another because of differences in their own abilities, including the abilities measured by intelligence tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We then focus on intelligence, as measured by conventional IQ tests or other tests intended to measure general cognitive ability.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Intellect or executive intelligence is not more or less important than the ability to clearly communicate a goal and a reason for people to engage together in the achievement of that goal, as well as the ability to support their efforts along the path toward that goal.
  • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]

Evolution of intelligence

.Our hominid and human ancestors evolved large and complex brains exhibiting an ever-increasing intelligence through a long and mostly unknown evolutionary process.^ The fractional rate of destruction of the environment that results from human activities will always exceed the fractional rate of increase of our knowledge and understanding of the environment.
  • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Volume 32, Issue 1 Abstract: Human cognition requires coping with a complex and uncertain world.
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In most areas productivity has decreased due to human activities, though in some areas it has been artificially increased through intensive fertilization, irrigation and mechanization of agriculture.
  • Sustainability - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This process was either driven by the direct adaptive benefits of intelligence[47], or − alternatively − driven by its indirect benefits within the context of sexual selection as a reliable signal of genetic resistance against pathogens.^ Select the Right Digital Press Troy Bullock of Tabs Direct shares their companys process for using qualitative and quantitative comparisons to select printing solutions.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

[48]

Factors affecting intelligence

.Intelligence is an ill-defined, difficult to quantify concept.^ It is very difficult to compare concepts of intelligence across cultures.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So what have we learned about intelligence: that its difficult to define but that there is SOMETHING we call intelligence that appears to relate to ability to reason abstractly, to learn and to adapt.
  • Nature vs Nurture in Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.wilderdom.com [Source type: Academic]

.Accordingly, the IQ tests used to measure intelligence provide only approximations of the posited 'real' intelligence.^ As a result, new norms continue to be used to rescale IQ tests to '100'.
  • Nature vs Nurture in Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.wilderdom.com [Source type: Academic]

^ As far as red meat the only real need there, I think, is in providing farm work or milk and not grown purposely for meat.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But there is also an opposite direction of causation: individuals may come to be in one environment or another because of differences in their own abilities, including the abilities measured by intelligence tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition, a number of theoretically unrelated properties are known to correlate with IQ such as race, gender and height but since correlation does not imply causation the true relationship between these factors is uncertain.^ Correlation doesn’t imply causation.
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Temporal variations due to such factors as rainfall differences, and social organization may make it quite impossible to calculate the desired theoretical limit If we extend the hypothetical relationship between animals and plants expressed in Figure 1, to accommodate some degree of variability in rainfall levels, then a number of curves can be drawn that relate the two axes under different levels of rainfall.
  • http://www.leeds.ac.uk/demographic_entrapment/aaaCarrying%20capacity.htm 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

^ Because covariance between systems does not imply continuity between the systems, and no such continuity can be empirically demonstrated.” .
  • The Singularity Institute Blog : Blog Archive : What is Intelligence? 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.singinst.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Factors affecting IQ may be divided into biological and environmental.^ So, it would appear that there are many psychological and biological factors each contributing a small a small fraction to the variance in IQ scores.
  • Nature vs Nurture in Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.wilderdom.com [Source type: Academic]

^ True wisdom may be divided into natural and supernatural wisdom.
  • Wisdom 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Carroll believed that "g" was definitely the most important factor when determining intelligence, but that "g" could be divided into many more sub-factors.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Biological

.Evidence suggests that genetic variation has a significant impact on IQ, accounting for three fourths in adults.^ We can also begin with IQ scores, which by themselves account for about one-fourth of the social status variance and one-sixth of the income variance.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Correlations between IQ scores and total years of education are about .55, implying that differences in psychometric intelligence account for about 30% of the outcome variance.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Despite the high heritability of IQ, few genes have been found to have a substantial effect on IQ, suggesting that IQ is the product of interaction between multiple genes.[citation needed]
.Other biological factors correlating with IQ include ratio of brain weight to body weight and the volume and location of gray matter tissue in the brain.^ N:P ratios (by weight) in a range of freshwater bodies .
  • Cage and Pen fish farming 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Other studies at the same time concentrated on comparing the IQs of adopted people with those of their adopted parents and their biological parents or their siblings.
  • Nature vs Nurture in Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.wilderdom.com [Source type: Academic]

^ So, it would appear that there are many psychological and biological factors each contributing a small a small fraction to the variance in IQ scores.
  • Nature vs Nurture in Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.wilderdom.com [Source type: Academic]

.Because intelligence appears to be at least partly dependent on brain structure and the genes shaping brain development, it has been proposed that genetic engineering could be used to enhance the intelligence of animals, a process sometimes called biological uplift in science fiction.^ It is in the process of developing a brain.
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All of this idiocy has always been defended by the economists of the day using a process called discount economics.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The least developed countries may well be better situated to deal with what is coming, because they are less dependant on the system that has brought us to the cliff edge.
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Experiments on mice have demonstrated superior ability in learning and memory in various behavioural tasks.^ "Human beings, who are almost unique in having the ability to learn from the experience of others, are also remarkable for their apparent disinclination to do so."
  • Xona Games -Intelligence Quotes 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC xona.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Individuals differ from one another in their ability to understand complex ideas, to adapt effectively to the environment, to learn from experience, to engage in various forms of reasoning, to overcome obstacles by taking thought.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49]

Environmental

.Evidence suggests that family environmental factors may have an effect upon childhood IQ, accounting for up to a quarter of the variance.^ As previously noted, heritable traits can depend on learning, and they may be subject to other environmental effects as well.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Correlations between IQ scores and total years of education are about .55, implying that differences in psychometric intelligence account for about 30% of the outcome variance.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whatever the critical variables may be, do they interact with other aspects of family life?
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On the other hand, by late adolescence this correlation disappears, such that adoptive siblings are no more similar in IQ than strangers.^ People in the UK watched more TV and sent more texts than people in many other countries, but had slower broadband, according to new research.

^ Let such a one, on the other hand, recognise that the devil was not the strong man, but God who delivered Job to him to be tried.
  • CHURCH FATHERS: Life of St. Anthony (Athanasius) 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The population growth put such a great demand on resources that now we consume more than the land can supply on a sustainable basis.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[50] .Moreover, adoption studies indicate that, by adulthood, adoptive siblings are no more similar in IQ than strangers, while twins and full siblings show an IQ correlation.^ For more than thirty years, award-winning social psychologist Ellen Langer has studied this provocative question, and now, in Counterclockwise...
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ If no more than 10 percent of the performance of an organization can be attributed to its leader, what percentage will be added to his (her) performance through the placement of a well orchestrated team?
  • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jeffrey Pfeffer and Robert Sutton cite studies that maintain that no more than 10 percent of the performance of an organization can be attributed to its leader as opposed to other forces.
  • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Consequently, in the context of the nature versus nurture debate, the "nature" component appears to be much more important than the "nurture" component in explaining IQ variance in the general population.^ The biggest culprit is the US. Although it has only 4.5% of the world's population, it consumes more than 29% of the world's annual output of renewable resources.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Food is very important to people, significantly more than driving an SUV. .
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps the search or love of wisdom is more important than any proven claim.

.There are indications that, in middle age, intelligence is influenced by life style choices (e.g., long working hours[51]).^ In the Middle East, 58% percent of the population is under 25, 25% of young people of working age are unemployed.
  • Sustainability - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Report indicates a recognition of the fact that there are serious "long term consequences of human population growth."
  • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Cultural factors also play a role in intelligence.^ In the war on terrorism, intelligence is playing its greatest role yet, but even today, espionage and intelligence analysis will not be the decisive factors.
  • Intelligence | Foreign Affairs 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.foreignaffairs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many personal and social characteristics other than psychometric intelligence determine academic success and interest, and social privilege may also play a role.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Factor that contribute to constraints in intelligence access; Areas of improvement needed in the intelligence system; Role of technologies in the Army's operations.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

.For example, on a sorting task to measure intelligence, Westerners tend to take a taxonomic approach while the Kpelle people take a more functional approach.^ There is a fear that slowing population growth might not curb greenhouse gas production if more people achieve Western lifestyles.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such people tend to act foolishly through the commission of one or more of five cognitive fallacies: (1) unrealistic optimism...
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ That leads to a fear that slowing population growth might not ultimately curb greenhouse gas production if more people achieve Western lifestyles.
  • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For example, instead of grouping food and tools into separate categories, a Kpelle participant stated "the knife goes with the orange because it cuts it"[52]

Ethical issues

.Since intelligence is susceptible to modification through the manipulation of environment, the ability to influence intelligence raises ethical issues.^ But there is also an opposite direction of causation: individuals may come to be in one environment or another because of differences in their own abilities, including the abilities measured by intelligence tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 'environment" includes a wide range of influences on intelligence.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, another way to measure emotional intelligence or competence is through tests of specific abilities.
  • Emotional Intelligence: What it is and Why it Matters 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.eiconsortium.org [Source type: Academic]

.Transhumanist theorists study the possibilities and consequences of developing and using techniques to enhance human abilities and aptitudes, and ameliorate what it regards as undesirable and unnecessary aspects of the human condition; eugenics is a social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary traits through various forms of intervention.^ Euan Mearns on November 1, 2007 - 1:37pm Biointensive mini-farming techniques make it possible to grow food using 99 percent less energy in all forms - human and mechanical, 66 percent to 88 percent less water, and 50 percent to 100 percent less fertilizer, compared to commercial agriculture.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Study of a group of high-IQ children found in a larger ongoing longitudinal study, using various child development and family life questionnaires.
  • Books on IQ Tests and Human Intelligence (Learn in Freedom) 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC learninfreedom.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The most striking thing about the use of the term "carrying capacity" in studies of human populations, is how often the term is used without being defined at all.
  • http://www.leeds.ac.uk/demographic_entrapment/aaaCarrying%20capacity.htm 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

[53] .The perception of eugenics has varied throughout history, from a social responsibility required of society, to an immoral, racist stance.^ Thus, the theoretical perfectibility of humanity and human society carries a caveat regarding requirements for a supportive social and economic milieu.
  • Carrying Capacity 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.mnforsustain.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This will require the initiation of major comprehensive educational, technical, and outreach programs in the areas of social responsibility, family planning, contraception, immigration, and resource use.
  • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Might makes right” has been the unspoken, guiding principal for most societies throughout history.
  • Six steps to “getting” the global ecological crisis « Growth is Madness! 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC growthmadness.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Neuroethics considers the ethical, legal and social implications of neuroscience, and deals with issues such as difference between treating a human neurological disease and enhancing the human brain, and how wealth impacts access to neurotechnology.^ But because of the asymmetry ("lateralization") in humans, the transfer of data between hemispheres will likely be between different levels of generality.

^ Often, the word ‘footprint’ is used generically to refer to human impact on the planet, or to a different research question.
  • Frequently Asked Technical Questions 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.footprintnetwork.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The problem with that, of course, is that if we don’t seriously attend to those issues such as carrying capacity, we’ll never have the chance to consider migration beyond earth.
  • Six steps to “getting” the global ecological crisis « Growth is Madness! 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC growthmadness.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Neuroethical issues interact with the ethics of human genetic engineering.

Other species

.Although humans have been the primary focus of intelligence researchers, scientists have also attempted to investigate animal intelligence, or more broadly, animal cognition.^ The definition I give above covers humans, cyborgs, possibly intelligent animals, artificial intelligences, extraterrestrial beings, and whatever other form of intelligence you care to dream up.
  • The Singularity Institute Blog : Blog Archive : What is Intelligence? 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.singinst.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Collection of articles with speculation about the origin of human intelligence through evolution, from the point of view of various animal models and human cognitive models.
  • Books on IQ Tests and Human Intelligence (Learn in Freedom) 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC learninfreedom.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In the Digital Intelligence publication we focus on research data, industry trends and key steps in the development of the digital networked society.

.These researchers are interested in studying both mental ability in a particular species, and comparing abilities between species.^ It would be interesting to compare the commentaries of the two authors in order to see both their convergences and divergences.
  • Wisdom 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is also possible to doubt whether some of these abilities-bodily-kinesthetic," for example--are appropriately described as forms of intelligence rather than as special talents.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Broad overview and specialized studies of recent research on IQ testing of minority students in the United States.
  • Books on IQ Tests and Human Intelligence (Learn in Freedom) 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC learninfreedom.org [Source type: Academic]

.They study various measures of problem solving, as well as mathematical and language abilities.^ Nevertheless, subtests measuring different abilities tend to be positively correlated: people who score high on one such subtest are likely to be above average on others as well.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As part of their study of practical intelligence, Sternberg and his collaborators have developed measures of " tacit knowledge " in various domains, especially business management.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Well, okay, they could take a knife to it, but if that's the problem you're facing, not much is going to stop the thief.
  • Carrying the Camera 101 by Thom Hogan 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.bythom.com [Source type: General]

.Some challenges in this area are defining intelligence so that it means the same thing across species (eg.^ Much of the conflict that arises in this area is due to different people meaning different things, because they are using different time horizons when they talk about the future.

^ Is it possible that some other franchisees have struggled with the same thing, and may know where you should be looking?

^ Note: This is not the same word used to mean "military intelligence".
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Wisdom 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: General]

comparing intelligence between literate humans and illiterate animals), and then .operationalizing a measure that accurately compares mental ability across different species and contexts.^ But there is also an opposite direction of causation: individuals may come to be in one environment or another because of differences in their own abilities, including the abilities measured by intelligence tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the other hand schooling itself changes mental abilities, including those abilities measured on psychometric tests.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nevertheless, subtests measuring different abilities tend to be positively correlated: people who score high on one such subtest are likely to be above average on others as well.
  • Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Wolfgang Köhler's pioneering research on the intelligence of apes is a classic example of research in this area. Stanley Coren's book, The Intelligence of Dogs is a notable popular book on the topic.[54] .Nonhuman animals particularly noted and studied for their intelligence include chimpanzees, bonobos (notably the language-using Kanzi) and other great apes, dolphins, elephants and to some extent parrots and ravens.^ A)I've also noticed that some crops don't do well if the plot of ground was used for some other specific crops during the previous growing season.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In my gardening experience, double digging works in some soils but in many others it either fails outright or fails to improve yields to any great degree.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But a study said that cyanide can convert to other toxic forms and persist, particularly in cold climates.
  • Sustainability - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Controversy exists over the extent to which these judgments of intelligence are accurate.^ In order to effectively support these missions, an effective intelligence apparatus must exist which is adapted to the Information Age.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

[citation needed]
Cephalopod intelligence also provides important comparative study. .Cephalopods appear to exhibit characteristics of significant intelligence, yet their nervous systems differ radically from those of most other notably intelligent life-forms (mammals and birds).^ A very different life for most but not Armageddon.
  • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some parties are fully competitive within a pluralist system while others, notably hegemonic parties, are antithetical to democracy...
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ How does the author know that post peak agriculture will be radically different form modern agriculture?
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Artificial intelligence

.Artificial intelligence (or AI) is both the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science which aims to create it, through "the study and design of intelligent agents"[55] or "rational agents", where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions which maximize its chances of success.^ The ScanJet N9120 is designed to easily integrate into enterprise environments that use document management systems, with a scan speed of 40 ppm for both b/w and color documents.

^ Canadian Environment Awards Given for efforts that increase environmental awareness or the conservation, restoration or sustainability of Canada's environment through excellence in the arts, entertainment or design.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Computer network exploitation is the intelligence collection and enabling operations to gather data from adversary automated information systems (AIS) or networks.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

[56] .General intelligence or strong AI has not yet been achieved and is a long-term goal of AI research.^ A) Compromises and accommodations between the immediate needs of people and the long-term needs of the environment will generally be resolved in favor of people at the expense of the environment, as though people can exist independent of the environment.
  • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, I think this will describe the development curve of AIs which are already “intelligent”, but none are yet “conscious” or “self aware”.
  • The Singularity Institute Blog : Blog Archive : What is Intelligence? 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.singinst.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is quite clear that leaders who possess such intelligence traits are a valuable asset to promote innovation and motivate their workforce to achieve corporate and strategic goals.
  • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among the traits that researchers hope machines will exhibit are reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, communication, perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects.^ It is a word to describe the capacity we have to reason, learn, and apply knowledge.
  • Intelligence - a knol by Kevin Spaulding 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Interestingly enough I have found that this ability to communicate cooperatively is invaluable in research, competitive intelligence and sales.

^ Even when we consider the actual physical machines instead of the idealised machines, reasonably accurate knowledge of the state at one moment yields reasonably accurate knowledge any number of steps later.
  • computing machinery and intelligence - a.m. turing, 1950 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.abelard.org [Source type: Original source]

[55][56]

See also

References

  1. ^ Webster’s New Universal Unabridged Dictionary (1996) p.991.
  2. ^ Gottfredson, L.S. (1997). "Foreword to “intelligence and social policy”" (pdf). Intelligence 24 (1): 1–12. doi:10.1016/S0160-2896(97)90010-6. http://www.udel.edu/educ/gottfredson/reprints/1997specialissue.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  3. ^ Neisser, U.; Boodoo, G.; Bouchard Jr, T.J.; Boykin, A.W.; Brody, N.; Ceci, S.J.; Halpern, D.F.; Loehlin, J.C.; Perloff, R.; Sternberg, R.J.; Others, (1998). "Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns". Annual Progress in Child Psychiatry and Child Development 1997. http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&ie=UTF-8&id=gLWnmVbKdLwC&oi=fnd&pg=PA95&dq=Intelligence:+Knowns+and+unknowns&ots=0WN9Iwvu4Y&sig=mIsyLWklGV3U_Y2_RM6l7MgaPmo. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  4. ^ Perloff, R.; Sternberg, R.J.; Urbina, S. (1996). "Intelligence: knowns and unknowns". American Psychologist 51. 
  5. ^ Binet, A. (1905). "The development of the Binet-Simon Scale: New methods for the diagnosis of the intellectual level of subnormals (ES Fite, Trans.) In D". Readings in the History of Psychology. NewYork: Appleton-Century-Crofts. http://books.google.ca/books?id=t2k_X5mWpGkC&pg=PA417&lpg=PA417&dq=%22judgment+otherwise+called+good+sense+practical+sense+initiative+the+faculty+of+adapting+one's+self+to+circumstances%22&source=web&ots=Z6DZsRiOa2&sig=3Jra1hA25UWHziHYt_1-sMWMwYA&hl=en#PPA412,M1. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  6. ^ Wechsler, D (1944). The measurement of adult intelligence. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0195022963. OCLC 5950992 219871557 5950992.  ASIN = B000UG9J7E
  7. ^ Burt, C. (1931). "The Differentiation Of Intellectual Ability". The British Journal of Educational Psychology. 
  8. ^ Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books. 1993. ISBN 0465025102. OCLC 27749478 32820474 56327755 9732290 221932479 27749478 32820474 56327755 9732290. 
  9. ^ Gottfredson L (1998). "The General Intelligence Factor" (pdf). Scientific American Presents 9 (4): 24–29. http://www.udel.edu/educ/gottfredson/reprints/1998generalintelligencefactor.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  10. ^ Sternberg RJ; Salter W (1982). Handbook of human intelligence. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521296870. OCLC 38083152 8170650 11226466 38083152 8170650. 
  11. ^ Feuerstein, R., Feuerstein, S., Falik, L & Rand, Y. (1979; 2002). Dynamic assessments of cognitive modifiability. ICELP Press, Jerusalem: Israel; Feuerstein, R. (1990). The theory of structural modifiability. In B. Presseisen (Ed.), Learning and thinking styles: Classroom interaction. Washington, DC: National Education Associations
  12. ^ a b c Spearman, C., C. (1 April 1904). ""General intelligence," objectively determined and measured". American Journal of Psychology 15 (2): 201–293. doi:10.2307/1412107. ISSN 00029556. 
  13. ^ a b Williams, R. H., Zimmerman, D. W., Zumbo, B. D., and Ross, D. (2003). "Charles Spearman: British behavioral scientist". Human Nature Review 3: 114–118. 
  14. ^ a b Lubinski, D. (2004). "Introduction to the special section on cognitive abilities: 100 years after Spearman’s (1904) “‘General Intelligence,’ Objectively Determined and Measured”". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 86 (1): 96–111. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.86.1.96. PMID 14717630. 
  15. ^ a b Spearman, C. (1927). The abilities of man: Their nature and measurement. Oxford, England: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0404061746. 
  16. ^ a b c Carroll, J. B. (1982). "The measurement of intelligence". in R. J. Sternberg. Handbook of human intelligence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 29–120. ISBN 978-0521296878. 
  17. ^ Thurstone, L. L. (1934). "The vectors of the mind". Psychological Review 41: 1–32. doi:10.1037/h0075959. 
  18. ^ Thurstone, L. L. (1938). Primary mental abilities. Chicago: University of Chicago. 
  19. ^ Cattell, R. B. (1943). "The measurement of adult intelligence". Psychological Bulletin 40: 153–193. doi:10.1037/h0059973. 
  20. ^ Horn, J. L., & Cattell, R. B. (1966). "Refinement and test of the theory of fluid and crystallized general intelligences". Journal of Educational Psychology 57 (5): 253–270. doi:10.1037/h0023816. PMID 5918295. 
  21. ^ Guilford, J. P. (1956). "The structure of intellect". Psychological Bulletin 53 (4): 267–293. doi:10.1037/h0040755. PMID 13336196. 
  22. ^ Guilford, J. P. (1967). The nature of human intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill. 
  23. ^ Carroll, J. B. (1993). Human cognitive abilities: A survey of factor-analytic studies. New York: Cambridge University Press. 
  24. ^ McGrew, K. S., Flanagan, D. P., Keith, T. Z., & Vanderwood, M. (1997). Beyond g: The impact of Gf–Gc specific cognitive abilities research on the future use and interpretation of intelligence tests in the schools. School Psychology Review, 26, 189–210.
  25. ^ Taub, G. E., Keith, T. Z., Floyd, R. G. & McGrew, K. S. (2008). Effects of general and broad cognitive abilities on mathematics achievement. School Psychology Quarterly, 23(2), 187-198.
  26. ^ Geary, David M. (2004). The Origin of the Mind: Evolution of Brain, Cognition, and General Intelligence. American Psychological Association (APA). ISBN 1591471818. OCLC 222186498 224277260 224979556 54906982 56659187 57354730 80049339 217494183 222186498 224277260 224979556 54906982 56659187 57354730 80049339. 
  27. ^ Ree, M.J.; Earles, J.A. (1992). "Intelligence Is the Best Predictor of Job Performance". Current Directions in Psychological Science 1 (3): 86–89. doi:10.1111/1467-8721.ep10768746. 
  28. ^ Sacks, Peter (2001). Standardized Minds New York: Da Capo Press, p. 22.
  29. ^ Schlinger, H.D. (2003). "The Myth of Intelligence". The Psychological Record 53 (1): 15–33. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&se=gglsc&d=5001903843. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  30. ^ Devlin, Bernie (1997). Intelligence, Genes, and Success New York: Springer Press; Steven Fraser (1995). The Bell Curve Wars. New York: Basic Books.
  31. ^ Jensen, A.R. (1982). "The debunking of scientific fossils and straw persons". Contemporary Education Review 1 (2): 121–135. http://www.debunker.com/texts/jensen.html. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  32. ^ Gardner, Howard (1999). Intelligence reframed: Multiple intelligences for the 21st century. New York: BasicBooks. ISBN 0465026117. OCLC 42289819 154990869 42289819. 
  33. ^ Sternberg, R. J. (1985). Beyond IQ: A triarchic theory of human intelligence. New York: Cambridge University Press. 
  34. ^ Sternberg, R. J. (1999). "The theory of successful intelligence". Review of General Psychology 3: 292–316. doi:10.1037/1089-2680.3.4.292. 
  35. ^ Sternberg, R. J. (2003). "A broad view of intelligence: The theory of successful intelligence". Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice & Research 55: 139–154. doi:10.1037/1061-4087.55.3.139. 
  36. ^ Brody, N. (2003). "Construct validation of the Sternberg Triarchic Abilities Test: Comment and reanalysis". Intelligence 31: 319–329. doi:10.1016/S0160-2896(01)00087-3. 
  37. ^ Brody, N. (2003). "What Sternberg should have concluded". Intelligence 31: 339–342. doi:10.1016/S0160-2896(02)00190-3. 
  38. ^ Gottfredson, L. S. (2003). "Dissecting practical intelligence theory: Its claims and evidence". Intelligence 31: 343–397. doi:10.1016/S0160-2896(02)00085-5. 
  39. ^ Gottfredson, L. S. (2003). "On Sternberg's “Reply to Gottfredson”". Intelligence 31: 415–424. doi:10.1016/S0160-2896(03)00024-2. 
  40. ^ Piaget, J. (1950). The psychology of intelligence. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul
  41. ^ Elkind, D., & Flavell, J. (1969). Studies in cognitive development: Essays in honor of Jean Piaget. New York: Oxford University Press
  42. ^ Demetriou, A. (1998). Cognitive development. In A. Demetriou, W. Doise, K. F. M. van Lieshout (Eds.), Life-span developmental psychology (pp. 179-269). London: Wiley.
  43. ^ Demetriou, A., Mouyi, A., & Spanoudis, G. (2010). The development of mental processing. Nesselroade, J. R. (2010). Methods in the study of life-span human development: Issues and answers. In W. F. Overton (Ed.), Biology, cognition and methods across the life-span. Volume 1 of the Handbook of life-span development (pp. 36-55), Editor-in-chief: R. M. Lerner. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  44. ^ Das, J. P., Kirby, J., & Jarman, R. F. (1975). "Simultaneous and successive synthesis: An alternative model for cognitive abilities". Psychological Bulletin 82: 87–103. doi:10.1037/h0076163. 
  45. ^ Das, J. P. (2002). "A better look at intelligence". Current Directions in Psychological Science 11: 28–33. doi:10.1111/1467-8721.00162. 
  46. ^ Naglieri, J. A., & Das, J. P. (2002). "Planning, attention, simultaneous, and successive cognitive processes as a model for assessment". School Psychology Review 19: 423–442. 
  47. ^ "Flinn, M. V., Geary, D. C., & Ward, C. V. (2005). Ecological dominance, social competition, and coalitionary arms races: Why humans evolved extraordinary intelligence" (PDF). http://web.missouri.edu/~gearyd/Flinnetal2005.pdf. Retrieved 2007-05-05. 
  48. ^ "Rozsa L 2008. The rise of non-adaptive intelligence in humans under pathogen pressure. Medical Hypotheses, 70, 685-690." (PDF). http://www.zoologia.hu/list/clever.pdf. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  49. ^ Tang YP, Shimizu E, Dube GR, et al. (1999). "Genetic enhancement of learning and memory in mice". Nature 401 (6748): 63–9. doi:10.1038/43432. PMID 10485705. 
  50. ^ Plomin, R., DeFries, J. C., McClearn, G. E. and McGuffin, P. (2001). Behavioral Genetics (4th Ed.). New York: Freeman. ISBN 0-7167-5159-3. OCLC 61082681 82720630 43894450 61082681 82720630. 
  51. ^ Virtanen M., A. Singh-Manoux, J.E. Ferrie, D. Gimeno, M.G. Marmot, M. Elovainio, M. Jokela, J. Vahtera, and M. Kivimäki (2009). "Long Working Hours and Cognitive Function: The Whitehall II Study". American Journal of Epidemiology 169 (5): 596–605. doi:10.1093/aje/kwn382. PMID 19126590. 
  52. ^ Glick (1975) reported in Resnick, L. (1976). The Nature of Intelligence. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  53. ^ Osborn, F. (1937). "Development of a Eugenic Philosophy". American Sociological Review 2 (3): 389–397. doi:10.2307/2084871. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-1224(193706)2%3A3%3C389%3ADOAEP%3E2.0.CO%3B2-L. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  54. ^ Coren, Stanley (1995). The Intelligence of Dogs. Bantam Books. ISBN 0-553-37452-4. OCLC 30700778. 
  55. ^ a b Goebel, Randy; Poole, David L.; Mackworth, Alan K. (1997) (pdf). Computational intelligence: A logical approach. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press. pp. 1. ISBN 0195102703. http://www.cs.ubc.ca/spider/poole/ci/ch1.pdf. 
  56. ^ a b Canny, John; Russell, Stuart J.; Norvig, Peter (2003). Artificial intelligence: A modern approach. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0137903952. OCLC 60211434 61259102 51325314 60211434 61259102. 

Further reading

  • Binet A; Simon T (1916/2007). The development of intelligence in children. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins (original); Kessinger Publishing (reprint). ISBN 0548307520. 
  • Wake, Warren K.; Gardner, Howard; Kornhaber, Mindy L. (1996). Intelligence: Multiple perspectives. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace College Publishers. ISBN 0030726298. OCLC 34414874. 
  • Blakeslee, Sandra; Hawkins, Jeff (2004). On intelligence. .New York: Times Books.^ June 09, 2009 Earth Island Journal New York Times Population Debate.
    • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ May 29, 2005 New York Times* China Overtakes US as Top Consumer.
    • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ October 03, 2003 New York Times* Phosphate Rock and the Future of Mankind - 1978.
    • Sustainability - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-8050-7456-2. OCLC 55510125.
     
  • Jensen, Arthur (1998). The g factor: The science of mental ability. .New York: Praeger.^ New York, NY, England: Praeger Publishers.

    ISBN 0275961036. OCLC 37024184 60202099 231732886 37024184 60202099.
     
  • Terman, L (1916). The measurement of intelligence. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0405064802. OCLC 1111319. http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Terman/terman1.htm.  ASIN B000H5DEOM

External links

Scholarly journals and societies

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Intelligence is a property of mind that encompasses many related mental abilities, such as the capacities to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend ideas and language, and learn.^ Learn how HP Insight Dynamics - VSE Capacity Planning helps & allocates dynamic environments.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Learn about the technology HP Labs is working on, as research focuses on several big bets that we think will solve the most challenging business problems our customers will face.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Mankind's myriad of problems are very complex and many of the likely solutions require significant shares of that dwindling fossil energy supply to be solved.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Sourced

  • Mad, adj. Affected with a high degree of intellectual independence.
  • She should be my counsellor,
    But not my tyrant. .For the spirit needs
    Impulses from a deeper source than hers;
    And there are motions, in the mind of man,
    That she must look upon with awe.
    ^ What poor and low-spirited man met him who, hearing him and looking upon him, did not despise wealth and console himself in his poverty?
    • CHURCH FATHERS: Life of St. Anthony (Athanasius) 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There is a need to focus on more than problem-solving skills and personal networks.
    • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But it only needs to increase by 0.5% a year to get there, and that is less than what its been doing.
    • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • William Cullen Bryant, reported in Josiah Hotchkiss Gilbert, Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers (1895), p. 353.
  • Character is higher than intellect. A great soul will be strong to live as well as strong to think.
    • Ralph Waldo Emerson, reported in Josiah Hotchkiss Gilbert, Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers (1895), p. .353.
  • The test of a first rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposed ideas in the mind at the same time, and still retain the ability to function.^ HP 4350dtn gives you the quality and at the same time you can save paper with automatic two-sided printing.

    ^ The meaning of sustainability First, we must accept the idea that "sustainable" has to mean "for an unspecified long period of time."
    • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Tags: advertising Digital Intelligence Financial Times newspapers Continue reading "FT subscription revenues ‘to overtake ad income for first time’ " » .

    .
    • "Handle With Care", Esquire Magazine (March 1936).
  • Advertising may be described as the science of arresting human intelligence long enough to get money from it.^ Peak oil on its own may be a problem that can be solved technically given enough time, energy and money for the transition.
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Cochran, Lewis C. Human Intelligence: Long-Range Surveillance for Force XXI, A Monograph .
    • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

    • Garden of Folly, "The Perfect Salesman" (1924)
  • An ounce of prudence is worth a pound of cleverness.
  • If there were 'intelligence flu', there would be so many people walking around in the damn cold weather, hoping to be contaminated by that flu!..^ But not many people would starve.
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There are intelligent people that have been schooled in the tactics of leadership, almost as an art, yet they lack the very essence of a true leader.
    • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Firstly, there are just too damn many known wildcards, and possible unknown ones yet to come (including some highly improbable miracles even), in play to make such a prediction as you would have it.
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
  • High intelligence is to think the unthinkable; genius is to realize the very unexpected one.^ No one is intelligent enough to think through every decision independently.
    • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The odds are very high that every one of us reading this will be dead either naturally before that or directly as a cause of that.
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I think Fetzer's inquiry described below is a very powerful one.
    • January 2002 Wisdom Society Survey Results 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.co-intelligence.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • The intellect has only one failing, which to be sure, is a very considerable one.^ I'm sure that's waaay too utopic for you, but luckily, you aren't the only one reading this.
    • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I know only one family who has adopted an older child, but that was only 6 months ago, and I know it has been a very difficult adjustment for all of them.
    • Mommy Life 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC mommylife.net [Source type: General]

    It has no conscience. Napoleon is the readiest instance of this. If his heart had borne any proportion to his brain, he had been one of the greatest men of history.
    • James Russel Lowell, reported in Josiah Hotchkiss Gilbert, Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers (1895), p. 353.
  • Every thing connected with intellect is permanent.
    • William Roscoe, reported in Josiah Hotchkiss Gilbert, Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers (1895), p. 353.
  • To be an intellectual really means to speak a truth that allows suffering to speak.
    • Cornel West, "Chekhov, Coltrane, and Democracy: Interview by David Lionel Smith." The Cornel West Reader (1998).
  • Intelligence is quickness to apprehend as distinct from ability, which is capacity to act wisely on the thing apprehended.

Unsourced

  • Intelligence is the road to insanity. .
    • Alfred Kin
  • Aristotle taught that the brain exists merely to cool the blood and is not involved in the process of thinking.^ Leaders play a role in decision making by involving various experts in the thinking process, and solving business problems.
    • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    This is true only of certain persons. .
  • Before we work on artificial intelligence why don't we do something about natural stupidity?^ A point of view is a distillation of intelligence into a conclusion about how business works.
    • How Important Is "Executive Intelligence" for Leaders? — HBS Working Knowledge 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC hbswk.hbs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Like Oedipus, we have done something stupid but understandable: he tried to run away from the Curse of the gods, and we have thought we could evade the laws of nature.
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • Steve Polyak
  • Cats are smarter than dogs. You can't get eight cats to pull a sled through snow.
  • I'm not very clever, but I am quite intelligent. .
  • I must have a prodigious quantity of mind; it takes me as much as a week sometimes to make it up.^ How much energy did it take to build up industrial civilization so we can engineer such plants might eventually brought up.
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It does not take much of a mind to know that victory in the growth war requires that your community beat competing communities to become the location of new factories.
    • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If we care about our children's future, we must take the word "sustainability" much more seriously.
    • Sustainability - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • I not only use all the brains that I have, but all that I can borrow.^ Once all fossil fuels are gone we'll have to start using our brains more.
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • I think the world is run by C students.
  • If the human brain were so simple that we could understand it, we would be so simple that we couldn't.
    • Emerson M. Pugh
  • It's not that I'm so smart, it's just that I stay with problems longer.
  • Most People are only as intelligent as the knowledge they deem socially acceptable.^ Henri-Frederic Amiel : Life is short and we have never too much time for gladdening the hearts of those who are traveling the dark journey with us.
    • Life Quotes | Life Quotations | Life Sayings | Wisdom Quotes 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC www.wisdomquotes.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For the most part, compromises only reduce the rate of destruction of the environment or they increase the elegance with which the environment is destroyed.
    • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ You see, even in turmoil, most people will try as hard as they can not to change their lifestyles, even if it means that others will suffer the consequences.
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Wayne Thompson
  • A very intelligent man knows how to press the right switches.^ Business Intelligence Ben Barnes, VP & GM of HP Business Intelligence, discusses how HP is helping enterprises use business intelligence to deliver the right information to the right people at the right time.
    • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Most citizens are aware they have a right to a trial by jury, but very few know that the jury has more power than anyone else in the courtroom.
    • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ HP customers protect business operations These HP customers know how to leverage the right mix of HP products, services and partners for resilient operations.
    • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

    • Swami Raj
  • The course of every intellectual, if he pursues his journey long and unflinchingly enough, ends in the obvious, from which the non-intellectuals have never stirred. .
  • The difference between intelligence and education is this: intelligence will make you a good living.^ Everyone with a technical education (as Wisdom and you seem to have) understands the basic laws of physics and the difference between peak fossil fuel and "peak energy".
    • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "Do you think the proposed changes to U.S. energy policy would add jobs in your state, take away jobs or won't make much of a difference?"

    ^ Psychology can study the difference between freer and less free actions without making dubious metaphysical...
    • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

  • The invention of IQ does a great disservice to creativity in education. .
    • Joel Hildebrand
  • The sign of intelligent people is their ability to control emotions by the application of reason.^ And when I see: Reasonable waste stream processing All of the people having safety, temprature control, clean water, education (oh and food) .
    • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Marya Mannes
  • The test of a first-rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposed ideas in mind at the same time and still retain the ability to function.^ HP 4350dtn gives you the quality and at the same time you can save paper with automatic two-sided printing.

    ^ First, we must accept the idea that sustainable means for a long time.
    • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The meaning of sustainability First, we must accept the idea that "sustainable" has to mean "for an unspecified long period of time."
    • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
  • There is nobody so irritating as somebody with less intelligence and more sense than we have.^ But he said that 25% of all Indians, or more than 250 million people, were living in poverty, on less than $1 a day.
    • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Then when some thought that he was troubled by the crowds, and on this account turned them all away from him, he said, undisturbedly, that there were not more of them than of the demons with whom he wrestled in the mountain.
    • CHURCH FATHERS: Life of St. Anthony (Athanasius) 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ At $23,546, median annual earnings for women are more than $10,000 a year less than they are for men.
    • Sustainability - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Don Herold
  • There is nothing greater than the human mind, only through it people are able to travel on roads, which would otherwise be closed to them in their narrow realities.^ But saying it's impossible is nothing more than a statement of faith about the future of human society, not about physical resource limits.
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Of course I am assuming that the people of Pakistan would, on the whole, rather have fewer children than watch some of them starve.
    • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But if the mind is to be served, who, of all that exists, is a greater artisan than she?
    • Wisdom - Latin English Study Bible 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.sacredbible.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Uwe H. Friese
  • We should take care not to make the intellect our god; it has, of course, powerful muscles, but no personality.^ What do you think we should do to make our collective decision-making wise enough for our times?
    • January 2002 Wisdom Society Survey Results 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.co-intelligence.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For the Lord who is our joy is with them, and the power of God the Father.
    • CHURCH FATHERS: Life of St. Anthony (Athanasius) 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For this reason, it may make sense to convert our overall energy consumption to equivalent power units.
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • What a distressing contrast there is between the radiant intelligence of the child and the feeble mentality of the average adult.
  • Artificial Intelligence is no substitute for natural stupidity.
    • Mrs Jeanie Walker-Campbell
  • Do not always assume that the other fellow has intelligence equal to yours. He may have more. .
  • No one who lives among intellectuals is likely to idealize them unduly.^ One who molded him, and who instilled in him a working soul, and who breathed into him a living spirit.
    • Wisdom - Latin English Study Bible 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.sacredbible.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But demons like these, who have no power, try to terrify at least by their displays 2 Kings 19:35 .
    • CHURCH FATHERS: Life of St. Anthony (Athanasius) 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And like population no one is that well off.
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • If we listened to our intellect we'd never have a love affair. We'd never have a friendship. We'd never go in business because we'd be cynical: "It's gonna go wrong." Or "She's going to hurt me." Or,"I've had a couple of bad love affairs, so therefore . . ." Well, that's nonsense. .You're going to miss life.^ Protein intake required is only 5% and it's impossible to go that low if you're eating "whole foods" and getting enough calories.
    • The Oil Drum: Europe | The World's Expected Carrying Capacity in a Post Industrial Agrarian Society 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If you don't have good regulations for catching fish and maintaining habitat, you're going to lose fisheries.
    • Sustainability - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ You're missing the real elephant in the room: .
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .You've got to jump off the cliff all the time and build your wings on the way down.^ Pre-priced solution portfolio You choose how your solution is built, tested, integrated, shipped and deployed, which saves you time, money and resources.
    • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The HP MediaSmart Server let's you watch all of your movies wirelessly, anywhere in the house.
    • HP Corporate TV: Videos and Podcasts - Executive views|Mark Hurd 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30418.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Yet you spare all things, because they are yours, O Lord, who loves souls.
    • Wisdom - Latin English Study Bible 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.sacredbible.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • The intellect must reason laboriously to comprehend 'truth' but the intuition knows immediately.^ So, to explore its ideal form, I would say that, based largely on tenets of the "Perennial Philosophy": o Our view of reality/worldview must come from multiple ways of knowing--not just through the intellect, but also through intuition and spiritual discernment.
    • January 2002 Wisdom Society Survey Results 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.co-intelligence.org [Source type: Original source]

    • Paul Palnik
  • People often say to me, "I understand what you are talking about intellectually, but I don’t really feel it, I don’t realize it," and I am apt to reply, "I wonder whether you do understand it intellectually, because if you did you would also feel it."
  • If a man empties his purse into his head, no one can take it from him. .
  • Alexander the Great valued learning so highly, that he used to say he was more indebted to Aristotle for giving him knowledge than to his father Philip for life.^ Xenophobia (more than now), racism, and a genuine will to survive will become far more pronounced, and that woman might find that showing herself in public has cost her her life.
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Biofuels often use more energy to produce than they contribute.
    • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In modern terms, we would similarly use the expression to give someone flack, using a term from warfare to describe a more abstract conflict.
    • Wisdom - Latin English Study Bible 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.sacredbible.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • A man cannot leave a better legacy to the world than a well-educated family.^ Intelligence, wisdom, and creativity: Three is better than one: Educational Psychologist Vol 21(3) Sum 1986, 175-190.

    ^ I think, however, it is not so much ecologically oriented having fewer children so much ad better educated women having fewer, and this is true world wide.
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Family planning education that targets both men and women, as well as aid should be a priority as we look to stabilize population growth.
    • Sustainability: Carrying Capacity & Consumption of WOA!! - World Population Awareness and World Overpopulation Awareness 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • Rev. Thomas Scott
  • Times of general calamity and confusion have ever been productive of the greatest minds. The purest ore is produced from the hottest furnace, and the brightest thunderbolt is elicited from the darkest storm. .
    • Colton
  • God has placed no limits to the exercise of the intellect he has given us, on this side of the grave.^ Humans have no official or god-given grant to be bypassed by natural selection.
    • The Oil Drum: Canada | Peak Oil, Carrying Capacity and Overshoot: Population, the Elephant in the Room 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ For place is no hindrance to their plots, nor do they look on us as friends that they should spare us; nor are they lovers of good that they should amend.
    • CHURCH FATHERS: Life of St. Anthony (Athanasius) 14 January 2010 11:23 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Every mind was made for growth, for knowledge; and its nature is sinned against when it is doomed to ignorance.^ A) Every decision affecting the environment will have to be made with less than full knowledge of the risks and consequences of the decision.
    • [Exponential Functions] Reflections on Sustainability, Population, and Carrying Capacity: Denial of Population Problem 6 February 2010 10:49 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • Channing
  • To be able to discern that what is true is true, and that what is false is false,—this is the mark and character of intelligence.

See also

  • Lord Yamraj
.The soul is the master of the chariot which is the body.The intellect is the charioteer.The mind is merely the reins.the senses are the horses and the sense objects are the normal frequenting and hunting places.^ For the corruptible body weighs down the soul, and this earthy dwelling presses many thoughts upon the mind.
  • Wisdom - Latin English Study Bible 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.sacredbible.org [Source type: Original source]

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:
Wiktionary-logo-en.png
Look up intelligence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary

Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

What is intelligence?

This section is a stub. You can help Wikiversity by expanding it.
.Intelligence is a term used to describe many related abilities, such as the capacities to reason, to plan, to solve problems, to think abstractly, to comprehend ideas, to use language, and to learn.^ Peirce describes the mathematician’s reasoning abilities as the powers of imagination, concentration...
  • Defining Wisdom | A Project of the University of Chicago 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC wisdomresearch.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Learn how HP Insight Dynamics - VSE Capacity Planning helps & allocates dynamic environments.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

^ Learn about the technology HP Labs is working on, as research focuses on several big bets that we think will solve the most challenging business problems our customers will face.
  • HP Enterprise TV: Online Videos and Podcasts - Region/Language|Svenska 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC h30423.www3.hp.com [Source type: General]

.There are several ways to define intelligence.^ He realized there was no way to get to them all quickly and he didn't want loose WMD floating around, so he asked the intelligence guys to prioritize the list.

^ There is an opinion that intelligence can be recognized but not defined, which is absurd because recognition *is* a match between an input & a definition.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC scalable-intelligence.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Intelligence as a cognitive algorithm - a knol by Boris Kazachenko 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indeed, there may occur types of intelligences that we have no way (as yet) to determine.
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.nobeliefs.com [Source type: Original source]

.In some cases, intelligence may include traits such as creativity, personality, character, knowledge, or wisdom.^ Some see wisdom as a quality that even a child, otherwise immature, may possess independent of experience or complete knowledge.

^ Our only hope in discovering the spiritual wisdome we need for the challenges ahead is to tap into some higher intelligence that comes from spirit.
  • January 2002 Wisdom Society Survey Results 3 February 2010 18:45 UTC www.co-intelligence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From academic and personal intelligence to wisdom: Studia Psychologica Vol 36(3) 1994, 137-152.

.However, most psychologists prefer not to include these traits in the definition of intelligence.^ The most effective way to organize these agencies to support Maritime Homeland Security and Defense is to create a domestic maritime intelligence network."
  • Intelligence 18 January 2010 13:21 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Most psychologists regard wisdom as distinct from the cognitive abilities measured by standardized intelligence tests.

How is intelligence measured?

This section is a stub. You can help Wikiversity by expanding it.

See also

Wikipedia-logo.png Run a search on Intelligence at Wikipedia.

Simple English

Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:

Intelligence is a property of the mind. People do not agree on what intelligence is, exactly. The idea comes from Latin intelligo. A part of intelligence allows people to solve problems. These problems may be easy to solve. They may also be hard to solve, and involve abstract thought.

If a solution is found to a problem, it can be remembered. That way, the problem is solved more quickly when it comes up again. That is what is called learning.

There is disagreement about what has more impact on intelligence, genetics or environment.

Some people say that intelligence can be tested. An intelligence test for them would be solving many problems in a very short time. Most of the problems have to do with seeing things, or telling what a rotated shape will look like. Some are also related to mathematics, for example to tell what number is next. Other tests have to do with words. After doing such a test, they will then calculate a number they call Intelligence Quotient (IQ). Since most of the words on these tests have to do with Latin, some people say that an Intelligence Quotient only measures how much a person has learned Latin. People in other parts of the world have very different ideas about the mind.


Some people try to build machines that try to act as if they were intelligent. That is related to Computer science and is called Artificial intelligence (man-made "intelligence" that is not real).

Some say that intelligent behaviour is when an organism (a living thing) reacts enough to a stimulus.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 26, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Intelligence, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message